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Los Angeles herald [microform]. (Los Angeles [Calif.]) 1900-1911, April 24, 1908, Image 4

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85042462/1908-04-24/ed-1/seq-4/

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Los Angeles Herald
J". E. G1880N;....'. .'..... President
ill,' G. LOBUELL.. .Vice President-Gen. M(ir.
.1, KARL LOBDELL ..... T.... Bec.-Tr«B».
Entered as second-class matter at tvs
liostofflcs to Los Angeles.
Founded Oct. I, 1878. TWrty-Bfth year.
Chamber of Commerce Building,
TELEPHONES Press 111 Home.
The Herald. - - ■' —
"'■ The only Democratlo newspaper In South
ern California receiving full Associated Press
. reports 'j^i _____
NEWS SERVICEMember of the Asao
la' d Press, receiving Its full report, aver
aging 26,000 words a day.
"EASTERN AGENT—J. p. McK'n?i «<M
Cambrldg- building. New Tor-; 111 Boye.
building, Chicago, _
Daily, by mall or carrier, a month.....* ■*»
Dally, by mall or carrier, three months. i.»»
Dally, by mall or carrier, six months., "
Dally, by mr.ll or carrier, one year.... •»-*•
Sunday Herald, one year *••"
Weekly Herald, one year _e*U_-fi!,
Postage free in United States and Mexico.
elsewhere postage added.
OAKLAND—Los Angeles and Southern Cali
fornia visitors to San Franclcvo and Oak
land will nnd The Herald on sale at the
news stands In the San T r*ne«"'» ferry
building and on the streets In Oakland by
Whaatley and by Amos News Co.
Population of Los Angeles 300,000
TTvBMOCRATIC opportunities were
I never greater. Democratic pros
never greater, Democratic pros
-*-' pects never fairer, the Democratic
outlook never brighter, than now. The
party which represents the first prin
ciples of Americanism will win one of
the greatest victories in its history if
' every man interested In it will make
up his mind that in this practical,
everyday world of cause and effect,
the miracle is a rarity, and certain
conditions must be established if cer
tain results are to be obtained. The
first condition precedent and essential
to Democratic victory is to have the
right men to do the necessary work
of the party. This work must be done
in a methodical and orderly manner.
Success depends or the way in which
it is done. The Democratic voter, the
man in the ranks, has the making or
the marring of his party. We urge
him to realize his responsibility, and
not merely to live UP to it. but to
It is of vital importance to the Dem
ocratic party to get the right kind of
men as delegates to the conventions.
Men of the very highest grade MUST
be put on the tickets. No second rat
ers will do. Never in the history of
politics in California has there been
a time when the character of the men
chosen for candidature for office by the
various parties will be so carefully
scrutinized as it will be, IN EVERY
ing election. This will be a result of
the reform sentiment which has been
overspreading the country, and which,
in reality, is nothing more nor less
preceding an impending and inevitable
attempt to make Ingalls' "iridescent
dream" a glowing and glorious reality
by securing purity in politics.
No part of the United States has
»been unvisited or unaffected by the
reform sentiment. It is especially
strong and active in California, and
a recognition of this fact is necessary
before party success can be talked of.
Speaking in practical terms, it is Im
peratively necessary that only the best
men in the Democratic party should
be considered or named for olfice. The
Democratic party owes this to itself,
as a condition precedent to a vigorous
militant campaign.
As a prerequisite to attainment of the
strength which will be derived from
having the BEST MEN nominated for
office, it is NECESSARY to send the
The time when the party can be
loaded down with an alleged represen
tation which Is merely a representation
of public service corporations or spe
cial interests, or can bo used and han
dled for the use- of those Interests,
IS ENDED. The party owes it to
itself, to be true to itself, to empha
size: and signalize its absolute, un
trammeled independence of everything
but Americanism, of every interest
but that of the people, the greatest
good for the greatest number, and to
see that at the primaries the BEST
men In its ranks are on the tickets
and are chosen for delegates.
The Herald hopes the result of the
conventions, the nomination of the
candidates for the legislature, will be
such as will enable It to SUPPORT
ald will not permit itself and its un
doubted influence with the party and
with the community to be used In the
coming campaign for the purpose of
promoting or furthering, directly or
indirectly, the sinister, selfish, imp j
triotic interests of corporations. The
Herald not only holds in highest es
teem the principles of true Democ
racy and the first principles of Ameri
canism, but will endeavor to preach
thorn and Inculcate them constantly,
ami will never be USED for any un
scrupulous business organization that
may endeavor to cloak Itself with a
usurpation of the title Democracy and
try to establish a hypocritical pretense
of favoring and furthering principles
to which It is a stranger or a traitor.
ALL Democratic voters, but espe
cially the younger men, should
understand clearly that the prin
ciples on the Democratic party are pre^
cisely what they were in Jefferson's
time, and later. In Jackson's time. We
cannot lay too much stress on the vital
Importance of knowledge of the first
principles of Americanism in a sane
and reliable consideration of the poli
tics of the day. Many writers and
other guides on subjects of timely in
terest are utterly unreliable. Their
feelings would be hurt if this accusa
tion were preferred against them di
rectly and they might retort they were
talking or teaching according to
their conscientious convictions. Un
fortunately, they cannot distinguish
between "conscientious convictions''
and "prejudices." In order to rid him
self of prejudice and form sound and
conscientious opinions the voter must
study the questions of the present In
relation to their historical antecedents,
or if this task should be beyond him,
must be prepared to give acquiescent
consent to the conclusions of men who
can convince him they have worked
their way to those conclusions along
the constructive and deductive lines of
a study of events In their relations to
each other, to the mass of events and
the consequences of events, and have
not merely jumped at them. The stu
dent today will be a Democrat If he
apply to the task of choosing a political
belief the same discriminative rules of
elimination and retention which he ap
plies to other subjects on which he
must to other permanent judicial atti
st reach a permanent judicial atti- j
tude, questions on which, in plain Eng
lish, he must make up his mind. Many
Americans who have grown to man- |
hood since the war of the rebellion
look on what happened in the time of
Washington, Jefferson and Hamilton as
ancient history, out of date and with
a reference to present problems as re
mote as that of events In the early
history of England. This mental atti
tude is deplorable and we hope to do
our part In producing that reform
which is desirable from the point of
view of good citizenship as well as |
good Democracy. The principles and
policies of Jefferson and Jackson are
as vital today as they were three gen
erations ago. They are at the founda
tion of our federal, state and municipal
systems of government. They were es
sential to the formative period of the
republic and the subsequent era of re
markable national growth. They pre
served American institutions through
out the grave crisis of the war of the
lof our federal, state and municipal
ems of government. They were es
lal to the formative period of the I
iblic and the subsequent era of re
kable national growth. They pre- |
ed American institutions through- J
the grave crisis of the war of the
rebellion. Jefferson had taught: "We
shall never give up our Union, the last i
anchor of our hope." Jackson had |
taught: "At every hazard and by every
sacrifice this Union must be pre
served." Hence common sense not only
suggests but dictates that for the so
lution of every present day problem,
be it municipal reform, railway regu- I
lation, tariff reform, currency reform, !
trust reform or publicity for campaign
expenses, we need simply to ascertain
Democratic precedents and then pro
pose and apply Democratic measures.
We believe sincerely that no student
can possibly study present conditions
In relation to past events and future |
prospects without receiving the con
scientious impression that continu
ance in power of the Republican party j
with its devotion to interests rather
than to principles will be a misfortune
for the American nation.
is an American of Scottish de
scent and has not a drop of Eng
lish blood in his veins writes us a let
ter in which he asks: "Why have
some of the newspapers called Sir
Henry Campbell-Bannerman an Eng
lishman and an English premier? To
people who know he was the son of
the provost of Glasgow and engaged
in business there it is hard to under
stand why he should be posthumously
libeled. Perhaps, however, there is
some occult reason for denationalizing
him. For many years Sir Henry was
the representative (member of parlia
ment) for Stirling Burghs—that Is to
say, he represented in parliament a
place which Is associated in history
with the battle of Bannockburn, the
decisive engagement of the Scottish
war of independence. The Scots are
jealous of their independence, which,
in spite of parliamentary union with
England, they still retain nationally.
They have their own judiciary, their
own common law, their own jury sys
tem, their own church. Please explain
how the typical Scotsman who for
forty years was the representative of
Bannockburn in the parliament of the
United Kingdom was after death
translated to a state of Anglicism?
There are many thousands of good
Americans of Scottish descent who are
as eagerly anxious as I am to learn
the process by which the posthumous
naturalization of the mfember for Ban
nockburn was accomplished."
In answer to our correspondent we
may say the extraordinary posthumous
transformation complained of Is at
tributable to the same cause to which
general ignorance of American history
and the first principles of Americanism
must be attributednamely, the mis
erably inefficient teaching of history in
American schools and the incorrect
ness of American school books. The
early history of the United States is
not well known. The reason for the
separate national existence of the
United States is not well known.
Therefore wo cannot wonder that it Is
hardly known at all that the border
between England and Scotland Is still
so well defined that any one could be
blindfolded and taken across the bor
der and in less than an hour's journey
would roalizo he was in a new coun
try. The persistence of a well defined
line- of separation is a phenomenon of
national Individualism, attributable in
great measure to irreconcilable reli
gious differences, which prevent inter
national marriages between the Eng
lish and Scotch from becoming com
FIGITIEB complied carefully dhow that
The I.oh Angeles Herald yesterdny,
■is usual, was In the front rank as a
newspaper, a gatherer nnd publisher
of reliable news of the city,.state, nation
and world. The following table speaks fur
Xo. of
live newi
, Pages, items.
HERALD 1 14 139
EXAMINER ii. 141
The Herald lias a well organized, thor
oughly efficient local staff. Its correspon
dents are stationed at every point of news
Interest, and nothing that is of news value
escapes their --.Mention. The local and cor
respondent staff is supplemented by the
complete news service of the Associated
Press, the greatest new slathering organiza
tion in the world, which is represented In
every civilized and practically every un- j
civilized community on the globe. With
staffs of reporters mid correspondents sec
ond to none In the United States and with
the Associated I'ress reports providing the
news of the nation and the world, The I.os
Angeles Herald has a news service equal to
that of any paper in the world. That Its
efforts to provide a good, clean, whole
some, complete, accurate mid non-sensu
tioiiiil morning paper at a moderate price
are being appreciated is shown by the con
stant Increase In the number of subscrib
ers, while special sales, such as those which
have marked "fleet week," owing to the
completeness anil accuracy of The Herald's
fleet news and its "DAILY NAVAL BE
TORT," have been very great. The con
stant Increase in high-class circulation
makes The Herald an exceptionally valu
able advertising medium. Thousands of
business men are among its readers and It
is a daily morning visitor nt thousands «f
homes. It introduces advertisers to family
and business circle*, and advertising clients
report that results obtained from taking
advantage of The Herald's circulation are
most satisfactory. Herald ads bring busi
ness because The Herald Is a clean paper,
a complete paper, Is readable and all and
always read.
AN active demand for California
oranges in New York emphasizes
the importance of the claims of
fruit farmers, who say that in order to
grow fruit at a profit in California the
protective tariff principle must be ac
cepted as far as fruit Is concerned by
Californlans, irrespective of political
affiliations. There should be an Ameri
can market for American grown fruit,
and if protection should develop a na
tional trust it would be easy to make
the necessary correction. In Mexico,
as we have pointed out be-fore, the
tariff has been used as an adjunct to
business. Industries that needed pro
tection were protected until they
reached the trust-forming stage. Then
the protection was withdrawn until the
trust was dissolved. The reason why
trusts flourish in the United States is
' In the conservatism of this country.
Although it Is a republic it Is far from
being radical, and in financial and busi
ness matters Is extremely shy of
changes or innovations. The move
ment in the United States for a reduc
tion of tariff on certain goods is coin
cident with a movement in Britain for
protection. The protection theory found
favor in the British Islands until the
time of the first reform bill, early in
the "thirties" of the nineteenth century.
During a long reign of free trade the
British empire has thriven and grown
in a manner unprecedented in history.
But Britons are beginning to claim
that the growth has been at the ex
pense of the mother country. Some
colonies are establishing protective
tariffs, and are even taxing goods Im
ported from England, Scotland and Ire
land. At this point tnatc-rnalism or
paternalism, or whatever it may be,
toward colonies ceases to be a virtue.
New fiscal and tariff movements have
an important bearing on tho future of
the countries that use the American
language. These are the United States,
United Kingdom, Canada, South Africa,
West Indies, Australia, New Zealand,
British Columbia and part.of British
India. At the rate at which the use
of the language Is being increased it
will soon be to all intents the world
language. New business associations
between English or American speaking
countries are bound to arise, and it is
not improbable that a business con
ference of nil the English speaking
countries would produce good results.
■ Meanwhile, at hem;,' the demands of
the Citrus Protective league that tariff
should be used in order to establish a
local industry are worthy of a hearing.
It is claimed that if California fruits
are to hold the American market am)
conquer a permanent world market th«
I tariff must be reformed for the benefit
of the orange trade, and In this In
! stance tariff reform should take the
shape of protection. It is probable that
I a fruit tariff league will be formed in
i this state.
IF FLEET week has made any one
fact more emphatically apparent
than another, it Is that the United
States should without delay establish
a permanent Pacific fleet, and that
enough vessels of the visiting fleet to
guarantee coast protection should be
left to patrol these shores. A mere
demonstration of naval power is grati
fying to patriotism, but If the depar
ture of the fleet is to be followed
sooner or later by International com
plications which may make California
I the object of attention and perhaps of
, attack by a foreign foe, then its visit
will merely have aggravated ,an al
ready keen local sense of the unpro
tectedness of this fertile, lovely, pic
turesque, populous land of homes and
families. When California invites the
people of the eastern states to come
here and share the delight of the cli
mate, and sit every man beneath his
own vine and in the shelter of his own
roof tree, it is California's duty to
urge, enforce, drive home, Impress by
every means in its power, on the gov
ernment at Washington the absolute
and imperative necessity of adequate
protection for this coast. "War scares"
should be unknown here. If there Is
ever any war talk It should not. be
able to produce a scare. At present
the first honest thought of every citi
zen of Los Angeles who knows better
than to delude or deceive himself is
"What MIGHT happen if an unfriend
ly fleet dashed upon us In the absence
of our natural protector, the navy of
the United States?"
California is entitled to protection.
She is always ready to furnish troops
to the nation, and her boys have helped
to make the Star Spangled Banner re
spected on sea and shore. The least
we may,reasonably expect in return Is
that the Pacific coast should be pro
tected, that it should be made perma
nently safe, and that the fear of 'at
tack or Invasion should be altogether
and forever eliminated from the
thought of California residents by that
guarantee of security which can be
furnished only by the guardianship of
an efficient naval force.
If the government of the United
States were to detail some of the pow
erful vessels now visiting us to guard
our coast permanently It would be
doing no more than its duty.
Count and Countess Zeesheeny went
boating together on Easter Sunday.
The boat upset with its weight of
wealth and nobility and the count
and countess had to swim ashore. The
Vanderbilt dowry had to supply two
new East, outfits of* clothing and
headgear for the happy pair.
In..a local court a woman was made
probation officer for her drunken hus
band. If she should take advantage
of her opportunity It is not unlikely
that clubs will be trumps in at • least
one home, sweet home In Los Angeles.
Paupers from the county farm were
among the visitors to the fleet. Queer,
Isn't it, that a country which can af
ford such an expensive, fleet should not
be able to manage its resources so as
to avoid pauperism?
Captain Bowyer of the Illinois says
International disarmament Is out of the
question. But then, • Isn't Captain
Bowy'er's testimony on this , subject
somewhat prejudiced? .
> % mtOM A J'
10,000 K. W. Hours ,-.-
"How on earth did Chuffer get such
a big price for that old ramshackle au
"Inspiration. He rigged his electric
meter. In place of the speedometer and
it ran so fast that Sukkers thought
the old mill was making forty-five
miles an hour."
Poultry Gardening
"Say, Sandlotter, can you tell me the
[ brand of the best poultry food?"
"Sure; sweet peas for laying hens.
Put them under about four Inches of
soft earth. For growing broilers try
nasturtium seeds, under three inches
of moist loam. To make a lusty young
rooster arise and crow at 4 a. m. try
radish seed three inches deep. Small
chicks thrive best If you give them
the run of your neighbor's front lawn.
Half grown turkeys fatten rapidly if
given the luscious leaves of lilies. Let
them pick the leaves themselves. Ten
der poppy plants also please turkeys.
Give them gentle exercise by chasing
them Into a corner and throwing them
over the fence. It won't hurt them;
they'll fly back to their feed. I find
young ducks are fond of lettuce. Let
them pick their own plants. Oh, I've
had lots of experience."
"But you're such a kldder, Sandlot
ter, I don't believe you own any poul
try at all."
"I don't. My neighbor owns them. I
merely feed them.'*
■:■ ' -
Slippery Name
A Philadelphia grand jury has in
dicted Patrolman Eels. Chances are
he'll wriggle out of It.
Fighting Shy
This merry widow hat business has
gone a long way. toward queering all
the good work leap year has done for
Cupid. Bachelors are getting wiser
every time they step out on Broadway.
The Public Letter Box
Letters Intended for publication must be
accompanied by the name and address of
the writer. The Herald gives the widest
latitude to correspondents, but assumes no
responsibility for their views. Letters
should not exceed 300 words.
LOS ANGELES. April 23.—[Editor
Herald]: The subject of vivisection
(painful experimentation upon ani
mals in the alleged Interest of sci
ence) is now prominently before the
people of the country, and certain hu
mane Individuals are endeavoring"l to
get a law placed upon the statutes of
various states that will In some meas
ure restrain the now utterly unre
strained cruelties practiced, and some
what mitigate the sufferings of these
unfortunate animals. ~"
To the humane mind it seems incred
ible that people, intelligent, educated,
"civilized," can carry, on or defend
methods which violate the first prin
ciples of honor and justice; which stul
tify the mind with distorted ideas of
disease and Its cure; which degrade
the morals of the young, poison the
blood of the sick and put our medical
system on a level with, if not I lower
than, the superstitions of past centu
For exactly in this way would I des
ignate the present popular "biolog
ical," "bacteriological," vlvisectional
methods, with their cuttings and
burnings, poisonings and inoculations
of helpless creatures. and . their "se
rums"—-the product of animal disease
recklessly ' Implanted In the life cur
rent of old and young. , .
I repeat, this state of things seems
incredible, but Its existence is easily
explained, for the cause lies In. - the
spirit of greed, conquest, gain, ex
ploitation, which is the curse of this
so-called "age of progress.". For pur
poses of personal profit, advantage,
power, money, fame are men In this
business of using as "material" the
bodies of sentient creatures, both hu
man and sub-human.. .8*0: the enor
mous revenues drawn from the sale
of the "serums" and other pernicious
"animal extracts!" The Inventors
HOKIO— In any open port of the
east one will find Occidental
society , divided like ' ancient
. Gaul— into three parts. There
are the commercial, the of
ficial, the missionary circles,
and the ' dealings between
them are at arm's length. The mis
sionary Is more distinctly, apart, but
at the same time the other sections of
occidental society in the east recognize
him as a potent factor In the develop
ment of the orient. The late Charles
Denby, long the American minister at
Peking, declared that every dollar spent
by American church people in support
of i oriental missions was worth ten
dollars In actual returns to the com
merce of the United States. While the
missionary, is. not a "drummer," and
while extension of trade is the last
thing/he thinks of, the history of the
orient shows that trade always follows
the cross.
• . •
The direct relation between the ad
vance work of the missionaries and the
concrete commercial profit which fol
lows Is not always easy to trace. In
some Instances, howeveir, the benefit Is
direct. The government of Japan In
furtherance of its south Manchurian
railway scheme wont into the English
money market and borrowed $50,000,000.
When the British found out that this
money, borrowed In London, had been
spent in the United States for railroad
supplies they kicked up a pretty row
In the house of commons. But there
was nothing to be done about it, so the
question was dropped. The reason why
the Japanese government spent Eng
lish money In the United States was
' duo solely to the fact that the Japanese
engineers in charge of the work had
been educated In the United States at
the expense of the American mission
aries and had there imbibed Yankee
notions which made It Impossible for
them to build it railroad along any
oilier than American lines. Therefore at
-me' fell swoop American commerce
reaped a direct return of $50,000,000 from
. missionary effort.
• • •
The missionary outposts aro the
skirmish lines of the advancing army
of civilization. That their mere
presence means opening new territory
to foreign influence, and hence* a new
market for foreign goods, no one can
deny. It is Interesting to study the
methods by which these results are
accomplished. For Instance,- one mis
sionary came to Japan twenty-five
years ago and went to live In a remote
town In the Interior. This man and his
family could not buy the simplest
articles for household use, as no
European had ever lived in that sec
tion. The people came In to see the
foreign house and Its furniture just as
they might crowd into a museum.
They examined the queer foreign
clothes with their curious buttons.
They were filled with admiration when
they gazed upon the metal wash basin
In which the foreign barbarians washed
their faces and hands. The first knowl
edge that came to the missionary that
he was a "drummer" In disguise was
when a delegation of prominent citi
zens waited upon him and requested
him to send to one of the open ports
and buy them some metal wash basins.
Then followed the demand for under
clothing with buttons— is one
feature of occidental dress quite gener
ally adopted now, even In rural Japan.
The handlness of a pocketknlfe finally
struck the Japanese, so that the mis
sionary imported a supply of them.
Within two years there was such a
demand for foreign goods that he per
suaded a Japanese merchant to open
a foreign store. A stock was pur
chased at one of the ports and the
store was opened. From that little be
ginning grew up one of the great trad
ing companies of Inland Japan, hand
ling many thousands of dollars' worth
of goods annually. Not all of this
trade now goes abroad, for the com
pany has two factories, one of which
makes metal wash basins and such
utensils, and the other spins and knits
cotton underwear.
• • •
The conservatism of the Chinese Is
proverbial, but even they sometimes
take kindly to an innovation. A mis
sionary family in the interior managed
to keep provided with a stock of con
denied milk. brougHt in large quanti
ties once or twice a year from the dis
tant open port. Although the use of
milk was unknown to the Chinese the
servants soon spread tales of its won
derful qualities. From time to time the
missionary gave away some of the cans
to his Chinese neighbors. The result
was that a local merchant put in a
stock of condensed milk, the first time
in the history of the place that any
foreign goods had been offered for sale.
The business was good from the start,
and In the course of time a big trad
ing concern sent a man up to Investi
gate the strange orders for condensed
milk which came from a town hitherto
unknown on commercial^ maps. The
result was the - establishment of a
fvlvlsectors) and their commercial
agents coin this wealth; the non-in
vestigating bulk of the medical pro
fession take it all for granted and In
dorse It, and the public pays-ln more
ways than one! It Is the "commercial
Interest" that governs, as Dr. George
Wilson plainly told the British Medical
association In his presidential address
In 1899
Nor* till a curb has been placed by
an -aroused people upon the present
savage lust for gain will there be
peace, mercy or Justice. Two exam
ples will point. my meaning—one the
spectacle of thousands of cattle an
nually starving and freezing on the
western plains because the cattle
kings" have conceived in their greed
polluted souls that it Is."cheaper" to
let them so die; the other, the Rocke
feller "hell farm" In New Jersey, by
means of which he who has spent his
life in explotlng the public now seeks
with his 111-gotten wealth to buy him
self a name as a philanthropist
through the tortured bodies of count
less of his humble fellow-creatures!
-With Just laws In the past to protect
the people against his ; and similar
plunderlngs, this Gehenna of cruelty In
New Jersey would today be -Impossi
ble.' Will the people ever awaken? . .
808 West Eleventh street. 7
LOS ANGELES, April.. 23,-tßdltor
Herald]: In reading your editorial, of
today l*> which syou j score a certain
eastern "philosopher" who asserts that
60 per cent of unemployed men are
thus Idle because they do not want
work, I could not help recall rig a very
recent Incident from an English news-
paper: - „
From a building in course of erection
In London a J man fell to i his death.
Immediately ; eleven out-of-works
scrambled ; over 3 the Insecure scaffold
In a mad race to get the dead man's
job. Result, s four of ■ the .- men fell,
breaking ribs, \ legs and heads. -
If only "weary -willies" are without
employment, -It would be interesting to
regular , business In many lines of for
eign wares, notwithstanding the almost
Insuperable difficulties of distance and
transportation. _-.
In Japan the missionary has been a
successful i furniture drummer without
knowing it. The advantage of sitting
on a chair appeals to the Japanese
mind, although the sitting posture
tires him dreadfully. But it Is a fact,
that into whatever towns the mission
aries went the demand for chairs and
tables was created. It i has now
reached tho stage that wherever there
is a Christian 'community— that is.
where the missionaries have been at
work—almost every family not actual
ly poverty stricken has at least one
"foreign - room" in the house.'? This
room 'always has a • carpet,< a few
chairs, a table and sometimes even a
bed. The presence of these things
means that the missionary - created a
demand by bringing the existence of,
common western conveniences to'the
minds of the Japanese. At first these
articles were all imported, but now
most of them are made in this coun
try, but with importod machinery.
• * •
The missionary In Japan has not
only carried the "light" to the Japan-,
ese in a spiritual sense, but In the.
actual physical form of a kerosene
lamp. The ancient lamp of Japan, 'a
vessel filled with vegetable oil in which
floated a rude wick, was fit only to
show how dark It was. To read by it
was to Invite blindness. The mission
aries, the first foreigners to get to
the interior, carried , kerosene and
lamps with them. The practical ad
vantages of this strong, clear light
was instantly recognized by the people
and they asked how they could have
lamps, too. As a result the. kerosene
lamp Is almost as universal In rural
Japan as it Is in rural America, while I
In the cities It Is everywhere. . The
Standard Oil company has a tremen
dous business In Japan, as have also
the Japanese oil concerns. This busi
ness undoubtedly would have followed
the opening of Japan to foreign ideas
even if there had never been a mis
sionary, but the fact that the mission
ary was twenty years in tho interior
before the foreign traders were per
mitted to go there means that the Im
mense business of today was built up
twenty years sooner than it would
have been had there been no missions.
s • » - • -
In China, where everybody wears
cotton, there was no such thing as a
cotton mill until a missionary built a
small spinning mill to give employ
ment and support to his band of Chi
nese students. Out of this beginning
has grown a considerable number of
spinning mills in China. Missionaries
in the New Hebrides discovered tho
arrowroot, of which the natives knew
nothing, and the annual trade is now .
worth several hundred thousand dol
lars. How trade has penetrated into
darkest Africa through the opening
made by the great missionary Living
stone is known to all the world. That
the Interior and remote reaches of
China are being brought closer to the
ports by traffic in foreign supplies is
directly due to the missionaries, for
by their agency alone was the demand
for foreign goods created in those In
land places. •
• • •
Trade follows the cross.. That fact
cannot be disputed,"but "at the same
time the commercial set and the mis
sionary set in any oriental port have
an entirely different point of view and
are often at loggerheads on local ques
tions. The missionaries in Japan, for
instance, are nearly all so thorough
ly pro-Japanese that they partake of
the fanatic loyalty of Ui_ Motives
themselves to the Imperial govern- -
ment. The commercial foreigners in
Japan, on the other hand, are almost
unanimous in their criticism of Japan
ese methods and practices. It was the
missionary influence which was* large
ly responsible for the revision of
treaties which In 1899 brought Japan
into the "most favored nation" class.
This revision was bitterly opposed by
many of the commercial class.
But, differ as they will, the mission
ary realizes and admits that commerce
has given him the means to come to -
the lane where he is working for the
advancement of his holy cause, and
that he owes much to the presence of
the foreign commercial spirit. The
business man also, if ho be fair, will
confess that it was the missionary
Who first created the tiny demand for
foreign trade upon which has been
built the .great superstructures^f the
import business of the Japan *€f to
day. And most business men in the
east will say that the money spent on
missions has been more than repaid in
advantage to commerce, leaving out
of tne question the results in educa
tion, civilization and Christianity.
(Copyright, 190S, by Frederic J. llaskln.)
—American Trade with Japan
know why eleven men risked their
lives In a scramble for one Job.
I might quote also a paragraph that
went the rounds of the world press
less than three months since. It de
clared that for a clerkship at moderate
salary which was advertised In the'
London Dally Telegraph over 2800 ap
plications were received. Did these ap
plicants want the Job, I wonder, or
did they write for fun?
It will neither answer nor vitiate
the foregoing facts to say, "but that Is
In England," because observation
shows that conditions in England and
America aro today almost, If not quite,
parallel. It was In America of
the big eastern' cities—that an able
man recently, In desperation at .the
failure of all his efforts to find em
ployment, resorted to the expedient of
decrying himself in an ad as good for
nothing, demanding a high salary and
promising to call on any prospective
employer, "If not too tired."
LOS ANGELES, April 23.—[Editor
Herald]: A chance remark I over
heard today threw (for me) a new light
on the way public opinion Is manufac
tured and "steered." • . "
A friend was , remarking upon ' the
memorable high old time Los Angeles
Is giving the fleet. TMjtfliliWtipff } «U*
"Well, but are they? Are they hav
ing such a tremendous time?" asked
another who had not before spoken.
"I don't say a few officers are not
getting it pretty well, but as to the
men—their good time seems to consist
chiefly in a wearisome patrolling, with
a few incidental drinks, cigars and s
cent picture shows thrown In, 'Fleet
festivities' seem' to me like 'Repub
lican prosperity,' to have little mean
ing except for a favored few." \
This gave me, as the Frenchmen
say, "furiously to think."
.'.''Not. Square
7 Patience: "What do you think of this no.
seat-no.fare proposition " -'.
,- Patrice: "Why. ; I; think It's' no fare."—
Yonkeri Statesman.', ■„ ,-

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