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Los Angeles herald [microform]. (Los Angeles [Calif.]) 1900-1911, March 11, 1910, Image 1

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16 PAGES J
vol. xxxvii. - A XlWjLu . . 4-0 KjIUiX x run month
M ■Mlllfll 101. 1 l\.L\jllt . t\J V/.T-JH 1 O S'KK MONTH
TO BAR COUNTY
EMPLOYES FROM
DOING POLITICS
Good Government Leaders
Want Civil Service
Rule Adopted
ASPIRANTS WARNED
"Pernicious Activity" by
Office Holders May
Be Curbed
TVEMANDINO that the civil Bervico
I I rules apply that the civil service
rule* Kpply to tho employes of tho
•*"' county as well us to the employes
of the city, the executive committee of
the Good Government organization at
a meeting In the new headquarters,
318 Fay building, yesterday afternoon
adopted resolutions Vigorously con
demning tho "pernicious political ac
tivity" of the county's employes and
urging that Incumbents of county of
fices, seeking nominations under the
direct primary election law, bo com
pelled to give public notice that in the
coming campaign such "pernicious ac
tivity" will not be tolerated among
their employes.
The. resolutions are the outcome of
careful deliberation on the part of a
number of Good Government organiza
tion leaden who were present at the
meeting yesterday ami who discussed
extensively the deplorable political
condition* brought about by the fail
ure to apply civil service regulations
to county employes.
It has been a notorious fact that
employes of Los Angeles county have
been allowed, and in many Instances
even expected, to neglect their duties
and "promote" the political Interests
of certain "higher ups," Including, of
course, heads of departments on whom
these subordinates and assistants de
pend lor their livelihood.
Employes "Do Politics"
The non-application of the civil
service rules makes It possible for
these employes, of which there are
several thousand in Los Angelos coun
ty, to waste much of their, time "doing
politics," and their political machina
tions and cajoleries, It is asserted,
have contributed a powerful but dan
gerous—and frequently harmful—in
tluence In county administrations.
• It Is a notorious fact, also, that fre
quently these employes have ' been
dupe* and .agents of "the push" and
have worked hand In hand with 8. P.
heelers and corrupt politicians. At the
same time they have In numerous in
stances performed Important duties In
a slipshod manner and Intrenched in
the strongholds of authority have been
able by corrupt methods to elect to
office men wholly unfitted for their
responsibilities. ,
Such pernicious activity, rampant as
It Is, and extending into every recess
of county government makes the work
of tb.4 Good Government organization,
which has Just entered Into its cam
paign for "purer politics" and a thor
oughly efficient and reliable county
administration, much more difficult
than it would be were it not for this
phasu of the problem. Tho enforce
ment of civil service rules would ac
■ 'ivinplish many salutary results. It Is
declared.
The: action taken by the Good Gov
ernment committee yesterday is prac
tically the first step it", the work of ar
ranging the county program, and Is
considered an important move for the
betterment of the county administra
tion. Simultaneously the Good Gov
ernment organization Is reorganizing
its precinct clubs and establishing
league* in every township in the
rnunty, so that when the "better gov
ernment" forces are arrayed the de
sired reforms will be more easily ac
complished.
With the elimination of pernicious
politics from among the county em
ployes will come other changes and
measures, it is declared, but which
will look toward the establishment of
ft clean and competent county admin
istration in all its branches. Men who
n.re now squandering the time for
which they are paid • high salaries by
the people and who are neglecting to
discharge their dtuies with any degree
of promptness, appreciation or effi
ciency will be compelled to do their
work in the manner demanded by the
progressive policy, vast Interests and
extensive development of a county
recognized as the greatest In the south
west.
Resolutions Framed
The resolutions passed yestnrday
were framed after a lengthy discus
sion in which several prominent Good
Government workers participated, In
cluding Marshall Stimson, Frank O.
Finlayeon. A. M. Dunn, P. V. Owen,
H. B. Williamson and W. H. Work
man. The resolutions follow:
Resolved, by the executive com
mittee of the Good Government
organisation that the principles of
civil service should apply to the
» employes of the county of Los
Angeles as well as to the employes
of the city, to the end that county
employes should devote their time
to public business instead of doing
politics at the public's expense and
to the public detriment, as many
of them do at the present time
and have been doing in the past.
Resolved, further, that in the
opinion of this committee all can
didates for county office should
declare themselves in favor of the
application of civil service rules
and should not tolerate any actions
in their deputies or employes that
would be contrary thereto; and
Resolved, that Incumbents of
county offices, seeking nominations
under the direct primary election
law, should give public notice that
In the coming campaign and In the
future pernicious political activity
as defined in the principles of civil
(service will not be tolerated in the
.(induct of their respective offices.
AMERICANS ARE SAFE
ROOOTA Colombia, March 10.—The
anti- American rioting practically
ceasod last night. All of the Ameri
cans hrro are wife. The ending or the
disorder was due chiefly to the firm
ness iiii.l tact of Elliott Northcott,
United States minister to Colombia.
LOS ANGELES HERALD
INDEX OF
HERALD'S NEWS
TODAY
FORECAST
For Los Angeles and vicinity: Fair
Friday, light west winds. Maximum
temperature yesterday 69 degrees,
minimum 50 degrees.
LOS ANGELES
F. VpySHi>t rhargea favorlto nrphtvw
with disposing* of property by frnml.
PAoa t
Arm tortured hanker; kills calf In
hotel room. PAGE} IS
Throe men arrested suspeotod of hav
ing «tolen 1500 worth of copper wire
at HalidMtown. - PA OS 8
Pretty woman admits she doesn't love
her husband, but tries to compel him
to support her. I'AirfO 8
Telephone problem of Los Angeles Is
taken up by Enrlnepr Mann. PAOfl 3
Capture woman alleged to bo shoplifter;
man also held. PAGH 9
Mrs. Mary Hay, divorces, brings «ult for
shars of estate. PAGE] 9
George A. Stone and wife arraigned on
charge or murdering Morgan Shlvely,
and trial (Into set. PAGE »
Sheriff llammnl declares story of holdup
told by rotor Holster Is false. PAGB 9
Plans complete for commercial exposi
tion at Fiesta park under auspices of
Mechanics' Fair association. PAGE) 9
Woman who telephoned I.#ankershlm
that H. K. Wiley Intended to take
own life, declares she Is his wife. PAGE 9
Hundreds of Pennsylvania^ attend recep
tion at chamber of commerce. PAGE ft
Good Government organization demands
that county employes attend to their 'hi
ties Instead of "doing politics." PAGE 1
Theodore Bell announces he will be candl
ill.i.ii.. for governor on Democratic ticket.
PAGE] 3
Reinforced concrete building limit 1» In
creased to 133 feet PAGE s
Protestant daymen plan forming of solid
missionary phalanx. r.vUE 6
K.lltorlal. Letter Box, Haskln'* - letter.
PAGR 4
Society, music. PAGE 7
Marriage license*, birth*, deaths. PACK 14
News of the court*. PAGES 5
Municipal affairs. PAGE! 5
Mines and oilfields. • PACE 13
Markets and financial. FAGi; 12
Citrus fruit report. PAGE II
Building permit*. PAGE 6
Shipping. PAGE 16
Classified advertising. PACKS 14-la
Automobiles. PAGE) 11
Theaters and dramatic criticism. l'Ac.K 7
SOUTH CALIFORNIA
Ten torpedo boats to participate In target
practice at Ban Pedro. PAGE 16
Santa Ana court holds that player in
checker tournament Is not tit to act on
• Jury. PAGE 14
Thomas Le« Woolwlne to assist In prose
cuting Pasadena bucketshop cases. PAGE) 14
Indian leads posse a wild goose chase and
Tang Darrow makes escape. PAGES 14
California Limited wreck Is barely averted
at Ban Bernardino. PAGE 1
COAST
Man and divorced wife found dead at Olym
pla and suicide pact la suspected. PAGE 1
Central California, from San Luis Oblspo
to Stockton, feels severe earthquake. PAGE) 2
Independent Republicans of San Bernardino
county organize to oppose boss rule, PAGE 3
EASTERN
Charged that Dr. Hyde* wife taken
seriously 111, willed him (300.000 after
suggestion was made her. PAGE 3
Witnesses expose- method* of Maybray
and others In fleecing victims of thou
sands with fake sporting events. PAGE 3
General upward tendency of railroad
' stocks felt In Wall street. PAGE 1!
Clarence Cunningham, witness In Alaska
coal lands Investigation, tells of discov
ery of fields. PAGE 2
New legal talent appears with. second de
fense of Standard OH In suit to dissolve
company. PAGE 2
Senate committee opposed to allowing
American officials to accept foreign decor
ations. . PAGE 3
Former Secretary of Interior Our field says
Secretary Balllnger deceived Taft. PAGE 1
Mounted police ride over mob In Phila
delphia; many clubbed. PAGE) 1
Secretary Knox's son says he will earn liv
ing by selling automobiles. PAGE 1
Girl weds gallant who dived In. river to
save prized hat. ' PAGE 2
Mrs. Cudahy yearns for good fellowship of
life on stage. PAGE! 1
Effort made to show Senator Allds connived
with friends In purchase of forest lands.
PAGE 1
Demand of 25,000 firemen for wage Increase
will be answered by railroad officials to
day. PAGE 8
Thirty million dollars In' vaults of Cleve
land bank revealed by Investigation; run
believed at end. PAGE 11
New York Republican senators disregard
Hughes and Root In naming successor to
AlMs as president pro tern. , PAGE 11
McLachlan says line of government steam
ers on I'acini; ocean would lower freight
rates 76 per cent. PAGE 1
It. F. Schwerln of the Pacific Mall testifies
In government line Inquiry. , PAGE 2
MINING AND OIL
Pyramid Oil company enters Midway
Held through acquisition of 1600 acres
of land. PAGE 13
Property of Bight OH company sells
fur »lt>26 an acre. PAGE 13
California Midway expects to begin de
livering oil to Standard today. PAGE 13
Taft, distributing point for Midway ter
ritory, Is said to be the busiest town
In state. PAGE 13
SPORTING
Jeffrie* and friends leave for fortnight 1*
hunting trip up In Tehachapl coun
try. PAGE 10
White Sox Yannigan* beat Angels 6
to 1 In fast game because of great
pitching by Sox box men. PAGE 11
Arthur Seymour defeats Walter John
■ son In final game of match at three
cushion billiards by 60 to 17. PAGE 10
Puke of Milan run* consistently and
win* Emeryville feature; Nealon
come* back to races and win* at
Jacksonville.
;. ■■ --■ ■ ■■■'■'■■.' ...- -■'- ■ i ?-"i."V '-.■■t
MRS. CUDAHY YEARNS
GOOD FELLOWSHIP TO
BE FOUND ON STAGE
KANSAS CITY, Mo., March 10.—Mm.
"Jock" Cudahy, whose husband attacked
Banker Jere Mills Sunday morning, Bald
today she had received a acorn of offer*
to go on the stage, but had declined
them all.
"Really, though," she added, "If It
were not for my children 1 would go on
the stage. The stage always has ap
pealed to me. Not the glamour of the
footllKhts or the plaudits of the people,
but i the life ', and the people. It In the
good fellowship found among the, mem
bers of the profession that appeals to
me." • ■ • ■■;s,'*«'..' ■
Mr. Mills today wan quoted as Having
Mrs. Cudahy. had been unjustly accused
of misconduct.'.,.
He Ik raid to be rapidly Improving.
FRIDAY MORNING, MARCH 11, 1910.
MOUNTED POLICE
RIDE OVER MOB;
CLUB AT RANDOM
Demonstration Planned by
Philadelphia Strikers
Is Routed
'BRUTALITY 1 THE CRY
Appeal to Taft Voted by
Federation —State Ready
to Join in Big Tieup
IVTrWCIASTIJ?, Ph., March 10.—The
committee of nine, appointed yesterday
to devise means of carrying; into effect
the resolution for a state and possibly a
country-wide strike, In the event that
arbitration falls In the labor situation
at Philadelphia, reported to the conven
tion from the Pennsylvania state Fede
ration of Labor here today.
l'rmtrlent Greenawalt of the state or
ganization won authorized to call upon
President Taft, Senator Penrose, Senator
Oliver and Gov. Stuart to use their best
••(Torts to compel an arbitration of the
carmen's strike within ten days.
The committee announced It had Is
sued a request to all state and local
union organizations to call special ses
sions to vote on the question of a state
wide strike within fifteen days and re
port the results by wire to President
(.r, rimivalt.
[Amioclatcd Press]
PHILADELPHIA. March 10.—Tho
sixth day of the ppneral strike
witnessed an attempt to make the
center of the city the scene of a big
demonstration.
The police blocked the move by ex
ercise of "high-handed methods and
brutal, unwarranted force," the strike
leaders claim In statements Issued to
'nleht.
The action of the police was In prose
cution of lawful, justifiable means, and
with no more force than was necessary
to check In its inclplency wha,t might
have been serious disturbance of the
peace, the authorities assert.
"March on the city hall" i» the slo
gan that has been heard before in dis
turbances here. Suspecting that the
crowd of 10,000 or more, who had been
prevented from holding an open air
meeting in the National league park
and at Independence hall, would take
up the indicated line of march today,
the authorities took measures to pre
vent the invasion of the city's central
distrlctH by what It was feared might
provtt n. turbulent mob.
Heads Battered
Lines of police, with active clubs,
partially checked the marchers on their
v. .iv down Broad sunt, more than two
miles from the objective point. A mile
farther down they broke up the parade
altogether. Half a dozen were injured
In tlie onslaught and many arrests were
made.
Crowds of unwonted proportions
thronged the spaces about the city hall
until nightfall, but there was no or
ganized demonstration.
Urge All to Stand Together
Tonight at meetings of worklngmen
in various parts of the city and !n
statements by the strike leaders Inci
dents of the afternoon were used aa
arguments to convince men who are
still sticking to their Jobs that the time
had come for all worklngmen to stand
together.
There were a few scattered points
where disturbances of minor character
broke out today. Flying stones broke
windows in a number of cars. More
cars were operated than on any other
day since the strike began—ll4o the
company reported—or thirty-six In ex
cess of yesterday's high record.
State Strike Menaces
Spread of the general strike over the
whole state is still considered a dis
tant possibility.
Tomorrow the business men of the
city will make a new attempt to bring
about a settlement.
The strikers gained today though ac
cessions from the Baldwin Locomotive
works, upwards of 800 men. On the
other hand, various manufacturers re
ported for work many hands who had
come out. An obvious defection from
the strikers' ranks was that of 100
taxicab chauffeurs. Scores of cabs were
actively in service today and tonight.
In the business section tonight the
good temper of the crowds was fav
orably commented upon.
Sympathetic Strikers Not Aggrieved
"The general run of the sympathetic
strikers," said a business man, "have
no grievance of their own and are evi
dently not disposed to push things to
extremes."
The committee of ten estimates the
number who gathered for the meeting
at the ball park at 60,000, and declares
tlie police rode into these crowds and
inflicted injury on peaceable citizens
without cause.
Of the general situation the commit
tee in a formal statement, said: "The
general strike in Philadelphia has just
begun. We are receiving hourly as
surances from hundreds and thousands
of men and women that they will
throw down their tools and Join In
the strike."
For the first time since the strike
was declared, the process of Injunc
tion was Invoked tonight. Curiously
pnough, the injunction was not an
outgrowth of the present strike.
It was obtained originally by J. R.
Kelm & Co., worsted manufacturers,
during the labor troubles a year ago.
The writ of injunction, however, was
not served at the time, the trouble hav
ing subsided. Today the firm com
plained that its satisfied hands were
being interfered with by pickets and
agent! of the Cloth Weavers union, and
obtained copies of the old injunction
for Immediate service on all concerned
with the present troubles at its mill.
STRIKE LOWERS STOCK
PHILADELPHIA, March 10.—The
stock of the Philadelphia Rapid Tran
sit company, which was selling at 26 on
February 26, the day the .strike of its
carmen began, broke nearly f4 a share
today. The stock is par $50 with that
amount paid in. and today's price is
the lowest In years.
Labor Leaders in Philadelphia, Their
Opponent and Old Independence Hall
#' <"''!!"!"W lTf?5!" l'!5S
I. ' - 1 " i '
J3|£ fma^Mmm IS E2£g§|\ ' ,r f' ' i •
i*' i^ Mm W^^vr.^^-- » J'i:i*':::V:>::x::^^«<^^
ALLDS GRILLED
BY INQUISITORS
CONGER BRIPERY CASE AS
SUMES NEW TREND
State Solon's Character Assailed in
Effort to Show His Connection
with the Purchase of For
est Lands
ALBANY, N. T.. March 10.—Hints
that Senator Allds connived with
friends to defraud the state In the
purchase of Adirondack forest lands
were developed today in his cross ex
amination on the Conger bribery
charges.
The defendant was under fire all
day except for a brief respite when his
own attorneys recalled Cashier Gale of
the Groton National bank, in an effort
to Impeach Hiram G. Moe.
Conger's counsel assailed the accused
senator's character. In addition to
probing his connection -with the pur
chase of forest lands, now the object
of a separate Investigation recently
launched by Governor Hughes, delved
Into Allds' bank accounts, and tried to
prove $2000 he sent to his New York
brokers ten days after he was alleged
to have received the $1000 bribe in 1901,
could not be traced to an innocent
source. They also arraigned him tor-
Investing the stock of the New York
Transportation company shortly before
he helped pass a bill benefiting that
corporation.
Firm Received $100 Month
Allds admitted his law firm received
$100 a month as local attorneys for the
New York Central railroad in his home
district.
"But," he said, "a man doesn't have
to quit practicing law because he goes
to the legislature."
Allds seemed satisfied with the way
he acquitted himself today. But the
interrogations about his connection
with the forest land purchases were
palpably unrelished. Once he said in a
low tone, as Attorney Osborne came
near him:
"Now, Jim, you're hitting below the
belt."
Allds had already testified that he
was employed for five years to search
titles of land bought by the state for
the Adirondack preserve, receiving
about $16,000 for his services.
Osborne today questioned him about
the state's purchase of land from
William Harris of Northville.
"Don't you know that this land was
sold to the state by Harris for $6 an
acre after he had paid 50 cents an
acre for it?" asked Osborne.
Didn't Pass on Values
Allds replied that his business was
to pass on the validity of titles and
not on values.
The examination was interrupted by
Senator Grady, who declared that it
had no bearing on the question at
issue.
"I intend to show," said Osborne,
"that AJlds was bound to discover in
searching the titles that this land was
recently acquired and not worth the
price paid by the state."
"The governor has appreciated that
this question Is not germane to this
case," declared Grady, "and has or
dered an investigation into the partic
ular matter.
Osborne withdrew his question, but
made Allds admit that as chairman of
the assembly ways and moans commit
tee ho had to pass on it in the supply
bill for purchase of this land.
Osborne denied Allds' Insinuation
that many persons in Albany were
in the habit of buying tax titles to
Adirondack lands at state comptroller's
sales and selling them back to the
state at a large profit.
IRISH PAPER WILL PRINT
A SPECIAL TAFT EDITION
CHICAGO, March 10.—A Chicago
edition of the Cork (Ireland) Examiner
will be printed in that city on 81
Patrick's day, in which will be details
and illustrations of tho reception and
banquet to be given President Taft in
Chicago March 17 by the Irish Fellow
ship club, according to an announce
ment made by William J. Flaherty,
president of the club, at a meeting held
last night.
Top, left, George H. E»rle, Jr., of Transit company. Bottom row, left to
right W. D. Mahon, E. E. Green wait and C. O. Pratt, in charge of
strike.
LIMITED TRAIN RUNS
INTO OPEN SWITCH
Flyer on Santa Fe Partially Derailed
at San Bernardino —Traffic
Is Blocked for
Hour*
[Special to The Herald.]
SAN BERNARDINO, March 10.—The
California limited, which left Los An
geles at 10 o'clock this morning, nar
rowly escaped a disastrous wreck as it
was leaving San Bernardino before 1
o'clock this afternoon. The leading
locomotive struck a partly opened
switch at the junction point of the
main line and loop In the northern part
of the city, and both engines with the
buffet car left the track. Although the
two locomotives were drawing the
train at a fast rate of speed, the engi
neer at the Instant he felt his engine
leave the rails applied the emergency
brakes, which brought the train to a
stop before more than the leading car
had been derailed. Ntdther engine
turned over. The cars which were not
derailed were returned to the yards,
while the wrecker rorailed the engines
and repaired the track. Traffic was
demoralized for four hours. No one was
injured.
COUPLE FOUND DEAD;
SUICIDE PACT HINTED
Washington Man Shoots Himself Just
After Divorced Wife Expires
Under Suspicious
Circumstances
OLYMPIA, Wash., March 10.—The
bodies of Mrs. Annabelle Farquhar and
her former husband, Edward Far
quhar, are in the morgue awaiting a
coroner's inquest to determine the
manner of death.
The police believe the couple had a
suicide pact or that Farquhar poi
soned the woman before committing
suicide by shooting himself.
About midnight last night Farquhar
called an undertaker to his rooms to
remove the body of his former wife,
saying she had died there. The un
dertaker started to take the body down
stairs when a shot was heard.
He rushed back to the room he had
just left and found that \Farquhar
had shot himself through the head.
Farquhar lived only a few minutes.
Several years ag-o Mrs. Farquhar,
who had been noted for her beauty,
obtained a divorce, alleging drunken
ness of her husband. Farquhar wan
50 years old and Mrs. Farquhar 45.
COMMERCIAL CLUB PROTESTS
ALBUQUERQUE, N. M., March 10.—
The Albuquerque Commercial club has
protested against the government ap
propriating funds for work on the
Elephant Butte dam on the ground
that the latter would irrigate only
110,000 acres in New Mexico and would
prevent the irrigation of 400,000 acres
on the upper Rio Grande.
SINGLE COPTES: daily, an sundat, 5a
OliN ijrLiJJj L/UIJILo. on tratns, s cents
PRIVATE SHIP LINE
CAUSES HIGH RATES
McLachlan Declares Government
Steamers on Pacific Ocean Would
Lower Freight Prices on
California Fruit
NEW YORK, March 10.—California
could save 75 per cent on freight in
annual shipments to the east of $10,
--000,000 worth of fruit. Representative
James Me Lauchlan of California told
the Merchants' association here today,
if the government would operate a
line of steamers from California to the
western entrance of the Panama canal.
The government already operates one
line between New York and Colon on
the eastern coast of the isthmus, con
necting with the Panama railroad, but
the steamers serving the western coast
are privately owned.
This private line, said Representative
McLachlan, is not effective for com
petition because the railroads pciy $100,
--000 annually to the company for the
privilege of naming the rates.
Oranges now cost $1.30 a box to ship
by rail from coast to coast. By steam
er, said McLachlan, the rate ought to
be 30 cents. Because it is not, the
government line now carries heavy car
goes of supplies from Now York to
the canal zone, but gets little or no
business in return.
The association voted its thanks to
Mr. McLachlan, but took no other ac
tion on his rocommondatlons.
KNOX, JR., WILL SELL
MOTORS FOR LIVING
Honeymoon of Secretary's Sor» Is
Brightened by the Offer of
More Than Score of
Positions
PnoviDEN'CE, R. 1., March 10— Philander
C. Knox, Jr., sidd today that ho had been
offered so many position* that ho was bewil
dered.
Telegrams are coming in from all parts of
the country containing oft'era of positions in
mechanical Uncs. H- 1 said:
"I have more friends that I thought. I have
twenty-rive offer! of positions now, and more
are coming. I am considering an offer in this
city Mriouvly. Jt is along mechanical lines
and I think I may accept, at least for a
while."
Young Knox will start in to work next Mon
day s.'liinu automobiles for a living.
"l think I am suited to the business," he
said, "ant! will show my father the stuff I am
mad* Of, nnd perhaps I will own a factory
myself aoma day."
NEWSPAPER OFFERS POSITION
PLATTSBURG, N. V., March 10.—
An opportunity for Philander C. Knox,
jr., son of the secretary of state, M
begin carving out a fortune and future
for himself And his bride was tendered
to him today when a local evening
n. v, 'paper wired him an offer of a po
sition as a reporter. Young Mr. Knox.
who eloped with Mi.ss May Boler of
Providence, R. 1., and married her in
Vermont, wan quoted yesterday as
saying his father had warned him be
would havo to shift for himself.
CENTS
GARFIELD SAYS
SEC. BALLINGER
BETRAYED TAFT
Former Secretary of Inte
rior Drops Bombshell
at the Hearing
AFFIDAVIT DECEIVED
Department Head Accused
of Disguising Syndi
cate's Interests
WASHINGTON, March M.— Jamea
j{. Gariieid, former secretary of
the lnterlor f was finally excused
from the witness itand in the Ballin
ger-Pinchot investigation liite this af
ternoon. Hla final half hour before the
committee furnished the sensation of
what had been a decidedly dull day.
.Mr. Oarfleld stated that Mr. Ballln
ger, after having been commissioner of
the land office, submitted to him oa
(September 17, 190 X, an affidavit signed
by Clarence Cunningham and contain
ing the statement that tho Guggen
heims had no interest whatever in the
Cunningham group of coal claims in
Alaska, while as a matter of fact the
record of a recent hearing before tha
senate committee on territories shows
that prior to the making of tho affida
vit the Guggenheim syndicate had been
given an option on a half interest in all
the Cunningham claims.
Taft Report Read
Attorney Hrnrnleis, who was ques
tioning Mr. Qarfleld, followed this dec
laration by reading from Secretary
Ballinger'a report to President Talt on
the Qlavls 1 hargee the stateipent that
Mr, Balllnger had suggested to Mr.
Cunningham an amendment to an affi
davit mad* prior to the one which ha
presontci 1,1 gecretary (Jariield in Sep
tember, 1908, and that Mr. Cunningham,
made the amendment by explaining In
detail what he meant by certain terms
u.^eil in his former affidavit.
Mr, Oarfleld said Mr. ls:illlnrer, in
giving him the affidavit, left the Im
pression that his action was entirely
casual, and that he had been requested
by friends in Seattle to leave it on fll»
for whatever it might be worth.
Mr, Brandels then called attention
to the tact that the name of Mr. Bal
linger's law firm was printed on tha
back of the affidavit.
Opposed Combines
Mr. Oarfleld was examined and cross
examined on his administration of tha
office which he surrendered to Mr. Bel
linger on March 5. 190;«. Mr. Garlleld
in explaining what he did In the mat
ter of withdrawal of lands without
specific provision of law, declared he
was working in the interest of the peo
ple and to prevent monopolistic control
of power sites, and consequent extor
tionate prices to consumers.
When he had concluded his testi
mony Mr. Garfield took a seal 1
Clifford Pinchot and with arms about
each others' shoulders they sat for
some time in smiling discussion of
the day's events.
A F. Davis, chief engineer of tha
reclamation service, followed Mr. Gar
field on the stand. Ho said he pre
ferred not to testify unless directed
to do so by the committee.
Chairman Nelson gave this direction
and Mr. D*vls had just started his
testimony when adjournment was ta
ken until tomorrow.
Issue Unnecessary
"I do not believe the $30,000,000 bond
issue recommended by President Taft
to congress is necessary for the proper
forwarding of irrigation work in tha
west." _ _
This statement from Mr. Garfleld
greatly enlivened the hearing. Mr.
Garfield said this in defense of the
co-operative agreements he entered
into with tho water users' associations
and of the reclamation certificates ha
issued in evidence of work performed
and which have come to be known aa
"Garfleld currency."
Mr. Garfield declared it was evident
Attorney General Wickersham and
President Taft did not have the proper
facts before them when they reached
opinions adverse to the legality of the
reclamation certificates.
The witness implied that Mr. Bal
linger might have been responsible in
this connection, but he did not maka
an outright statement to that effect.
Denies Conference
Mr. Garfteld took issue with Mr.
Ballinger as to certain statements
made by the latter in his reply to
President Taft regarding the various
charges made against him. He said
he could 1 not recall any conference with
Mr. Ballinger regarding the Cunning
ham claims, although Mr. Balhng«r
said he had immediately conferred
with Mr. Garfleld after the receipt of
Glavis' protest against tho clear-list
ntf of the Alaska coal claims.
.Mr. Garfleld admitted that, in urging
general coal legislation by congress
early in 1908, he made the statement
that he was willing to condone fraud
ulent entries In Alaska providing tha
entrymen were compelled to pay an
increased price for the land to the gov
ernment.
Mr Garfleld read an exchange of let
ters between himself and Mr. Balling
er after the latter had left the land
office in April, 1908, and while the
coal bills were still pending. Balling
er addressed Mr. Gariieid as "My Dear
Jim," and the latter replied, "My Dear
Dick."
Probe Is Deep
The details of Ballinger's testimony
before the congressional committees
rding the coal bills that were
pending In 1908 were gone into again
at great length.
it appeared that Ballinger's bill re
lated to claims technically known as
"bad faith" claims, mada in technical
violation of the law, which Mr. Garfield
said everybody agreed should ba
changed.
The Ballinger bill he said wns to
permit the "bad faith" claimants to
transmute their claims and come in
under tho new bill. This bill failed
nnd the law of 1908 provided only for
the. consideration of good faith entries.
Vertrees questioned the witness
somewhat fully as to his conception of
the laws under which he made the
wholesale withdrawals of lands as
water power sites.
Garfleld said there was no specific
law for the withdrawal of power sites
as such. He withdrew them, however.
(Continued on l'age Eighty

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