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. BY W. A. LEE AND HUGH WILSON. ABBEVILLE, S. C.. FRIDAY. MAY 14. 1869. VOLUME XVII-NO. 3.
[FMm A* UouitOB Times.]
.Whm Is tie IleM Fatherland?
A 8m to tbt Air of "Kailonal Song of Q?l
ST MB8. M. J. T.
J*J ?1 v .? <r mmmmrn
Wliar* U th? B?bd Fatherland!
l?'t Maryland I dear Maryland f
Tfe? Und of Carrol I Tbonul Kiut
McHenry' wall* and dungeon cliaioa f
vw*va vu mvi vu uv i vu uv? uv? uv.
Oar Fatherland's not honnded to.
, Vh?N is the Rebel Fatherland I
Ii't Virginia f dear motherland I
Whare every vale's a soldier's grave,
"Who died hie native land to save f
C?j res-Oh not oh not oh no I ie.
, - - in.
Where ie the Rebel Fatherland t
Is't Carolina f Georgia's strand t
Is't Florida, with summer bloom V
Or that vbkh hold* brave Morgan's toml
Chosto?-Oh not eh bo! oh not &c.
Whew is the Rebel Fatherland V
Is't Lonisiana's tropic land f
The land which guards ocr Allen's grav?
And Dreox, who loved, but oonld not sar<
Caoaca?Oh no I oh no I sol Ao.
Where is the Rabel Fatherland f 1W*T*'
1st MiMueippi's glorious land I
Or Alabama'a faithful breast,
On which bar bloody dead do wt f
Ciom?Ob bo! oh bo 1 oh not Ao.
Where is the Rebel Fatherland t
Is't Arkanaaa t or Miasonri land f
- IMrio a till if blood and tear* baptized!
Where erery breese bun groana and aighs!
Chobcs?Oh bo 1 oh sol oh oo! ??.
Where U the Rebel Fatherland f
Is't Teaneaaee the oppreaaed land f
Whin aagala wateh Zoltieoffer'a tomb,
, And shuddering whisper Brownlow'a doom]
Cbobcs?Oh do 1 oh bo I oh no t Ac.
Where ii the Rebel Fatherland f
Ia't Texas land the Lone 8tar land!
The laoief Wharton, J oh niton, Hood!
.Goliad aad where the Alamo stood I
Cbobvb?Oh bo ! oh no I oh bo 1 Jto.
Tbia U (b? Rebel Fatherland I
Ok God in ItMvn blew thia land t
AH landao'ar vhieh tlie BluaCr??a waved,
Where patriot* bold the iaTadtn braved.
Gsoaca?Thie ia our land, our Fatherland ]
Thia ia the Babel Fatherland 1
Where - Boys in Grey " fill martyr grave,
From Chespeake to Tampa's ware;
From where the boars* Atlantic roars
To Bio Oraade's qoiat shorts.
Cbobo*? Tasia oar Uod, oar 8onthernlaBd,
This, this oar ova d at Fatherland.
? Frocathe Southern CoHirator.
Late and Thick Pleattag of Cotton.
Editors Southern Cultivator :
Everything in regard to the preparation
and cultivation of the cotton
piant tm AfiS emanated firom the pen
oi Hr. Dickson, is in the writer'i
opinion perfect, except his late planting
and the crowding of the plants.
The writer has panned precisely the
same mode Of inaktog cotton for fifteen
years?long before he heard oi
Hr. Dickson,^ and hat rarely evor
failed to make satisfactory crops; the
only difference feeing in ths Bixe of the
sweeps?the largest sixe he mentions
are 22 inches. The writer nses them
from 89 to 38 1aches** which do precisely
the m&H liiai 0f -work, bat
mors of il| in * given time, end conseqtieiitly
abridges Isbor, end lessen a
the k<BM pow?fwth? extfit draughl
is a matter of little consequence. The
great ettwamw^ftaUi* in nsing
these mammoth W?4p* is, that thcj
are notpftoperiy taader or if they are,
they are not property set on the plowstock*
$hey mastm? flat, sad nevei
exceed Me>ineh iad?pth. tf they go
deeper^ the mole trffl be nsed np.' II
properly made/ and properly adjusted
on the etoefci) thejr are a qua new
They abridge labor/ Jesierf horse
,i i^ii , i -tat it i -- -* ar ?-?-* ??>
r77' ~ '1 ' 1' T~> UU1
uDcoC^S|#y?*? to tht* ?ountorywhal
the walVyplo^k t# th?. prmh^ ofthf
lifrtfrr - - ' :' **idm
considers the home of the cotton
plant, it is strange that he plants at
this late day. The fact that ho makes
- prodigious crops, planted then, proves
nothing. It is an axiom in the vegetable
kingdom that the longor any
plant is growing, the heavier it fruits.
Corn, cotton or any other crop planted
late, has a tondency to produce stalk,
with little fruit. Early planted
cotton acquires a size and stamina
which it can never attain if planted
late. The writer can, in the dark, in
the month of August, go into a cotton
field and distinguish stalks that are
planted first of April and the 10th of
May, (if neither have been crowdcd.)
Mr. D. makes his eotton rows four
feet wide, and leaves the cotton 8 or 9
inchca apart, and from two to three
stalks in a hill. This is one to every
three inchcs. Mr. D. makes wonderful
crops, hut it cannot be attributed
to this crowding. Why make the
' rows so wide and leave the plant so
thick in the drill ? There is nothing
in the structure of the plant that requires
this difference in one way and
the other. There is no reason why
" cotton or any other crop should be
" planted wider one way than another,
except that it facilitates the cultivation.
Mr. D. says the strongest reason
for this thick plantiog, is that it
matures earlier. So far so good, but
does it yield more? Mr. D. dwarfs
the plant to accelerate its maturity.
If the plant is at home, why use artificial
means to make it mature? Why
not give it ample room for its full development
? I can see no good roason
( for crowding the plant?it retards the
culture, because there are so many
more stalks to adjust, the bolls are 1
necessarily smaller, and consequently
the pioking is less?the staple is not
so good, because it has not the full
I benefit of the sun, to elaborate its
J. W. CRAWFORD.
Bold Spring, Pickens Co., S. C.
There are many euphonious words
in the English language?more perhaps
than in any other modern tongue
> except the Italian?of which the
sound bo harmonizes with the sense,
that they charm at once the ear and
the heart. The vocal body, so to
speak, with which the sentiment is
clothed, seems as appropriate to it as
a lovely countenance to the possessor
of a beautiful mind.
"Homo," "Love," "Slumber," "Caress,"
"Welcome," belong to this category
; but it is in certain pathetic
expressions tbat the agreement of
sound and sentiment strikes us as
most perfect. Poe said that "Never*
more" was the most mournful of all
words; Byron gave the same melancholy
pre-eminence to "Farewell," and
' Dr. Johnson thought that of all phra'
ees "The last" was the most touching.
"Ane iast iooii"?"tne last sigh"?
"the last of Earth these are certainly
solemn and affecting utterances;
hot we think, -with a late writer, that
t there is more real pathos in the "gone"
than in any other in the language.
To nsd a Spanish, or rather Moorish,
' metaphor, it is "fall of tears." How
1 it appalls the sense and desolates the
heart of the weeping wateher when
spoken, ever so softly, io the chamber
' of death. Gone 1?it cots off all hope.
1 It vibrates on the air like the tone of
' a passing bell. Gone, forevtr!?what
1 foar syllables in any language compre
' bend so much of the mystery, and
1 desolation and Woe! "Gone!', Bays
' the lorn mother, when the dark angel
has borne away the last lamb of her
> fair Hook, ',and 1 am left alone, alone f"
' ."Gone r shrieks the distracted widow
as she reads the name'of her heart's
' idol pn the death scroll of war. "Oh,
^ husband, that I had died with thee 1"
y "G^nel" sobs the strong man, as he
\ toties*, weak is an Intent;1 from' the
' solemn room where the wifc of hls j
t _L-?! - 1
domhb neaoora ana pnlselem. Ah t it
' 4* a word of sorrow even when spo"
ken of ihvkbltBt who mtj retorn,
> bat) m applied to the nnretarning
* dead, ther# la n? eWbomte ?enten6d
| that ever wa? carved on tomb or jaonaaent?of!flU-of/grtjniae
J 1 (SindMUpn Jnwfciai
vm IUUW W1W
'< Itevjp left w^tol-gonp to thi
UtUr Mr" *Qd bop* Mkl taieva that
r ire fthall ??*/ttepr*here there we
p JNtJKKre partings and the hmgaageof
| ;|y3-^ '' ^ ' '" ^?frniih hi'hi a ' ' '!r !
The New Order of Things?Close Cultivation.
The following extracts copied from
the Rural Gentleman, an able Agricultural
Magazine published in Baltimore,
are commended to the attention
of agriculturists, as containing good
sound sense, which if practised at this
time, must redound to the advantage
of the Southern planter and farmer :
We aro glad to observe that tho
mistaken idea of " pride of acres" is
being gradually dispelled throughout I
the Middlo and Southern States, aud
that tho cultivators of tho soil aro be|
ginning to realize from experience
mat small larins, with good tillage
and a liberal use of manure, arc the
surest means of success. And this
result may bo attributed to tbo changed
labor system of these sections, and
tho spirit of their agricultural press.
T?low, if wo expcct our land to yield
abundantly, we must feed it well?
feed it, too, before it gets hungry, and
rest it ere it becomes weary, as an
eminent English agriculturist once
said. There is also a great deal in tho
manner in which we apply fertilizers.
Dr. Yoelcker, chemist to the Royal
Agricultural Society, has established
the fact that all manures are hotter
applied upon tho surface, to bo
washed in by tho rains, tlian turned
under by tho plough.
You should study tho nature of
your soil, so to know what manures to
use. Now Peruvian guano has
ammonia in excess, while tho Orchilla
possesses valuable phosphates and
alkaline salts?hence of great value
A standard super-phosphate is the
giant manure, oeing Done-phosphate
concentrated with sulphuric acid, producing
the soluble phosphoric acid?
the chemical constituents of which
absorbs ammonia from the atmosphere.
"Rhodes'" is, we bclieva,
recognized as a "standard superphosphate,"
and, being manufactured
upon a large scale, cau be sold to tho
farmer at a much lower price than he
can produce it for himself.
A (armAI* nftlArtl- - ?
i ?. *M4 iuvi ouvuiu oticv-u ot?iJuuru illgrcdient8
and combine for himself?it
being well known that ammonia and
phosphates aro the leading properties
to be obtained in sufficient quantities
for agricultural use?the other ingredients
of plant food being furnished
by the soil and atmosphere.
So much for man arcs. Another
idea before closing. We contend that
the dignity of agriculture should be
recognized by the young mon of the
country, who should adopt it as a
profession. Avoid the crowded cities
and towns, to engage in the uncertainties
of commercial life. Remember,
that if agriculture is allowed to languish,
that being the true basis of the
nation's wealth, dire confusion in
every other pursuit must inevitably
follow. Attend well to the fountain
from which flows all onr prosperity,
and we will hear less complaint about
hard times and nothing to do.
Finally, we urge upon young farmers
tbe importance and value of credit
?which is equal to capital. Lot " a
farmer's note" not be a by-word with
banks and money-lenders, but representing
tabstantial security. "
Politeness o? Paul.?An old poet
has quaintly called our Saviour "the
first gentleman that ever breathed."
Paul's politeness^ too, must not be
overlooked, compounded as it was of
dignity and deference. It appeared
in the mildness of the manner in
which he delivered his most starMinir
and solemn messages, both to heathen
and Jews ; in his graceful sale tat ions;
in his winning reproofs?the ''excellent
oil which did not break the head
in the delidtcy of his allusions to' his
claims acid services : and, above all, in
the calm, self-pa?boaed and manly
attitude he assumed before the rulers
of hi* people -and 'tho Roman authorities,
In the language of Peter and
John to their Judgfcrf, thtere is an abruptaesa
savoring of their rudefisherman
lift, ' and Utter for the rough
ftohoea of the Xake of Galilee, than
; for the tribunal* of power. ButJPatd,
| while equally bold and: decided.'-fitr
aoore gracfcma. H* K>Wef?fii? thtindorboit
befbra'l&i 'fcflfefcAsy ere If
U wall aa-powerfbl. 1 H1? wordi to
King A^pfr*r-^WotfM td doithit
not onlv thon. Hut dWii fauMi JMhcto
| ?* >&* d?^w* b^Rhaoit ^
THE GOLDEN SIDE.
There is man j a rest on the road of lift,
If we would only stop to take it;
And many a tone from tbe better land,
If the querulous heart would make it.
To the aunny soul that is full of ho|.et
And whose beautiful trust ne'er faileth,
The grass ia green and tbe flowers are bright
Though the wintry storm prevaileth.
Better to hope, though olouis bang low,
And to kvep the eyes still lifU-d ;
For the tweet blu? itv will ??nn noon
J ? I?r
When the ominous clouds ere rifted 1
There was never a night without a day,
Or an evening without a morning ;
And the darkest hour.aB the proverb goes,
Is the hour before the dawning.
There is many a gem in the path of life,
Which we pass in our idle pleasure.
That is fur richer than the jeweled crown,
Or the miser's hoarded t? easure ;
It may be the love of a little child,
Or a mother's prayers to heaven,
Or only a beggar's grateful thauks
For a cup of water given.
Better to weave in the web of life
A KlMfflif an/1 rvAl.^Aii
And to do God'a will with a ready heart,
And hands that are swift and willing.
Than to snap the delicate, minute threads
Of our curious life asunder,
And then blame Heaven for the tangled ends,
And lit and grieve and wonder.
Tho spi'ead of tho culture of the
peanut since the war has been remarkable.
Ever sir.uo we can recollect,
a few of the farmers in the tieighborhood
of our city have been in tho
habit of raising "patches" to a limited
extent, but they never mado more
than they could put into one or two
carts and send to the daily market in
Norfolk. During ton years before the
war a few went so far as to plant two
or throe acrcs ; but still tho amount
raised was bo inconsiderable as not to
be entitled to the namo of a staple.
One of the results of the war has
been to change tho crops in this region.
The uncertainty of labor haB
compelled the farmers to cultivate
plants thpt require less ground and
less labor to produce a given amount
of money. The culture of corn is
not, as form ~ -!y, so exclusively carried
on as to f ross the whole attention j
of farmers. It is found to bo a losing
business to put a man's farm entirely
in a cereal that costs so much more to !
cultivate it in tho way of fences, manurel
and labor than almost any
growth that could be substituted for
it. Moreover, t.hn r>if?*nna r>f African
descent have an uncontrollable propensity
for stealing corn in any shape,
from the roasting-ears to the stores
in the crib.
It has been found that the peanut
will bring far more money to the
acre than Indian corn, and it has
within the last tbreo years been introduced
very extensively into tho counties
from this city to Petersburg. The
money received for the crop in this
city has been during tho last year
upwards of one million of dollars?
far more than what was received for
the corn produced on the same farms
before the war. Peas of the best
quality have commanded in our market
$3 a bushel, and an acre well prepared
will bring fifty bushels, or 9150
But this is not the best that has been
done. A fine article has produced
$3.15 and somo of tho lands peculiarly
well manured have produced seventy-five
bushels, or, in money, $230
to the acre. Now, these are not so
large.sums by a good deal as are produced
by trucks and berries; but
they show that peanuts are a very
fair crop, notwithstanding.
The planting and raising are very
simple. The light soil of the coun
ucs soutn 01 james river seem especially
adapted to it. This basto.be
enriehed with lime and scrapings fVom
the forests, Ac., with a moderate portion
of guano. The lime should be
used to the extent' of ton bushels to
the ACTA. And- t.hn crnnnn at ahnnf
rate of ten pounds to the hundred
yards of the row*.- 11 The peorf should
be planted Eighteen inches apart'and
one inch deep. The season for planting
is ahoot the first of Hay.
The raising of this- plant is ex
tromely well adapted, to the present
transition state of our agrioulture.
It ia sot absolutely new to oar Ifenq- <
era, and tWgfriee it bripgs is so Superior
to that produced by corn and
their culture,-* Grotottfingerofcnnot
The True Promethean Fire.
When Sir Samuel Romilly visited
Paris immediately aftor the first
French revolution, he remarked:
i "Everything I saw convinced mo
that, independently of our ftature
happiness and onr sublimcst enjoyment
in thiB life, religion is necessary
the comforts, and convenience and
elegancies of lifo. Not only I never
met with a writer truly eloquent who
did not at least affect to believe in
mil irinn K?t T ????? ?!aI
WUV M. I1UVU1 UlUt Willi UUU
whoso religion was not tho riclicst
source of his oloqucnco."
There is much truth in this. Even
in things intellectual tho rule will
hold good that piety is power. No
production of genius will survive to
the end of all things in which there
is not something of Uod. Of all tho
powers and faculties of the hnman
mind, the noblest is the one God has
crcated for himself; and if that reverential
adoring faculty do not exist
or bo by suicidal hands extirpated,
tho world will soon cease to reverence
tho man who has no reverence
for God. Tho stateliest compartment
of tho human soul is the one which,
in creating it, Jehovah reserved for
his own throne-room and present
chamber, and however curiously
? !-i 1
v. VI guigcuuoijr lUlUlHOea
the other compartments, if this be
empty and void, will soon diffuso a
blank and beggarly sensation over all
the rest. Thus while the Voltaires
and Housseaus of atheists memory
are waxing old and vanquishing from
the firmanent of letters, names of less
renown, but more roligion, heightens
to a greater lustre. So true is it that
no man can long keep a hold on his
fellow-man unless he himself first has
hold on religion.
When in collego, a young student,
who subsequently became a missionary,
deemed himself ill-treated by a
fellow-student, and in consequence got
very' angry. To the surprise and
grief of bis brethren, he gave somewhat
free expression to his feeliugs.
No one ventured to rebuke him, or to
remonstrate with him, while he was
uttering things very little adapted to
promote the edification of the hearer.
Towards the close of the day, a
judicious friend was passing his room.
Pausing before the open door, he said
in a significant tone, "It is almost sun
down." The reproof, so kindly and
delioately administered, was felt by
| his erring brother. The divine commandment,
"Lot not the sun go down
upon your wrath," was called to re1
auv itui uauvu ui
passion was exchanged for that of
It is our duty to arouse the conscience
to a perception of wrong doing,
and to a sense of guilt. To do
this successfully, and so as to secure
beneficial results, requires wisdom.
Wisdom seldom prompts the direct
and stern rebuke. It never assumes
the attitude of aproseouting attorney;
it never allows tha rebuker to assume
an air of superiority. In the example
given above, the rebuke was indirect,
and by means of an allusion to a
passage of Scripture. There Is nothing
comparable to Scripture in power
to convince of wrong doing, and yet
much depends on the skill with which
it is applied. When bluntly or bois- .
terously presented, it is more likely to
repel and harden than to convince.
Thx Best Book.?We have tried
many, but we give it as oar confirmed
experience after twenty years teaching,
that children are fur more inter,
ested in the Bible.than any.other book
we have ever met. with, i They teem
"naturally to crave after.truth; they
will ask coneJ^ijtly when yon read to .
then?, "Is it - true ?" And once con*
vinced that the; Bible if God's un?r- <
ring word, they become deeply inter- :
ested in it. The boy or girl that - can
read the story of the Cross with tuadimned
eyes; .iffhave jetito -find. '
And th? little child , that tJbe history /
of the Creation ffeiltrto lhiereBt,mvi*t
be sadly deficient, te*c^ its beautiful i
iestons to them. . The Jews wm tcomwsrided
to paiiii tTxe^''fo?'fchedcor
facings; -It is better than1 air"t& S!
Little Feet and little Hands.
?T OLXKH mum,
Little feet and little handa,
Busy all the day,
Never staying in your playing (
Long upon your way.
Little knowing whither going.
vviiiu w uiu, |i rM\ l |
Bring th? sweetness, in its flestness,
Of the early flowers, 1
All the blessings and carcssings
Of your sunny hours/
Little feet and little hands,
What awaits for you f
Sad to morrows with their Borrow81
Clouds, or slcies of bluef
Will the plo'isuteB come with treaiures
Ere' glad und new t
Nerer tarry feet that carry
Little ones along, 1
May thry bear the darlings wher? the j
Air is full of song!
Little feet and little bands, 1
Ye are wondrous fair I
Ye are straying in your playing
From a balmy air I
Gontiy blowine. never knowing
? W - D
Any thought if ca e.
To its breeze*, if it pleases
Him who guides our way.
May yoa wander, over yonder
Wbere they ever play
And no smiling orbiguiling
Woo again to stray I
A MonrwR'a prwitjn
m*m ? MU II AiU/t
A gentleman was once visiting a 1
cottage, where tho mother of the family
was a true and earnest Christian. ;
During tho conversation he remarked
how happy she must be to sec 1
every one of her children (and there
were eight of them) so early brought
to the Saviour's feet, and following 1
him so closely In their daily lives; 1
ana no inquired wnetncr she bad
adopted any peculiar method in their
religious instruction. The poor wo- '
man replied that she had only done
what every Christian mother ought 1
to do; but on her visitor pressing her 1
still further, she continued with much
"I think I may eay I never fed my 1
infant children without praying in my 1
heart that God would give mo grace 1
to nourish them as inheritors of the 1
kingdom of heaven. Whilst I was
dressing them in the morning, I used
to beseech my heavenly Father to
4liAtM _f*V *v~ ?1? m?1
vivvuv vuvua ffibU buo XUUC Ui v/uribv0
righteousness; when I prepared their
meals, I asked God to feed their souls
with truo bread from "heaven, and to
give them to drink of that living water,
which springeth up unto everlasting
life; when I took them to the
Lord's house, I prayed to him to
sanctify them, and to make them
temples of the Holy Ghost: when
they left my side for school, I followed
them with my eyes, praying that
their lives might be like the path of
the just, which shineth more and more
unto the perfect day; and in the
evening, when the honr of reBt arrived,
I used in silence to ask their
heavenly Father to bless them, and
keep them safely in his everlasting
And truly this mother was rewarded
for hor patient waiting upon God,
richly and fully rewarded. O tbatr
more mothers would remember the
infinite and awful influence they possess
for weal or woe 1 This poor woman
began from her children's very
birth to brayovor and for thom, remembering
how fruitless are all efefforts,
and labor, and motherly tindernoss
without the help of God's
Holy Spirit. And it is in these first,
earliest years of her. child's life that
a mothers influence is most impor- 1
tant. Then she has a power in wtyeli *
l.i 1 i_ J' !. J i n t . i_ ?
i?v?r yenra ia ueuicu ner. , one i* is.
who has to answer the .first infant c
questions. When her little one looks ,
up wonderingly into the star spangled "
sky, and askswhcTriacle those bright *
things up there', alia has a precious f
opportunity of talking to the little
Creature of the great And good Father
who dwells above that bine sky,
fcnd gires its all that: we enjoy. As *
the little mind begins' to unfold,' the .
mother can tell of tfcit Jesus who war _<
born in a manger, Wtod who dledTon c
the cross; and when she tenderly
MMuitlili IliM mlllriiv- ' K? -
brn fattt li^O^^NtlA?^lbia: to \
fc*u& Um Vft?*4fe?t WiWt'bht* \
Mm? to tar to Mify l?af*?dt? fl
f'jjjMf ... :' -*;.'
A Doo Story.?A gentleman possessed
of & noble Newfoundland dog
had trainod him to go market with a
basket and a picce of monov tn r?nr.
- * ? r ?
chase tho morning steak. The money,
with a towel, was deposited in
the basket and Bowser, with much
dignity and thoughtfulnees, would
trot off to the butcher's stall,
and the man of beef, understanding
tho arrangemcut, would take the
money, deposit the steak, and.the dog
would trot home : Turning a corner
one morning on his way from market,
he came npon two dogs fighting.?
With tho same feeling that will make
tho crowd of human dogs throng
about a prize-ring to see two other
dogs pouud each other, Bowser paused,
and for a second looked on ; then,
and " went in." lie whipped both,
but while so engaged a hnngry hound
stole his steak.
Bowser pickcd up his basket; tho
loss of weight told the 6tory. He
Btoppcd and investigated. Tho steak
wnH irniift ami il>n J"~'" ?
.. ? Mitvi buv pww4 uug o >vwry
comical. He looked in every direction
for the lost meat, all tho while
half growling and whining as if talking
to himaclf. Some men who saw
the affair and knew the dog, watched
to see what solution Boweer would
make of the difficulty. The poor fellow
was for a moment in doubt, and
then, as if an idea had struck him, he
set off for the market again. The
little crowd followed him. They saw
him approach the butcher's stall, but
instead of marching boldlv ud. he
9topped and looked wistfully at the
meat. At last, when the butcher's
back was turned for a second, he
Beized the largest steak on the block,
and ran home with it.
Correct Style in Writing and
Speaking.?Wo quote from John
Stuart Mill's account of the style of
the anoient writers : The secret of
the stylo of the groat Greek aud
Roman authors is that it is the perfection
of good sense. They never
use a word without a meaning, or
a wpru wuien aaua nothing to the
meaning. It never entered into their
bhoaghts to conceive a piece of -writing
as beautiful in itself, abstractedly
from what it had to express; its
beauty must all be subservient to the
most perfect expression of the sense.
rh? perfection of workmanship is
inly visible in the absence of everything
which distracts the mind from
tho main purpose. It was only in the
iecline of aiicient literature that or*
aament began to be cultivated merely
is ornament. Even descriptive epi
:het8 were one of the corruptions of
ityle which abound in Lucan, for initance.
The word had no business
there unless it brought out some featnre
relating to matter in hand. Ornament
for the sake of ornament defeats
the very purpose of the speaker
t>y calling off attention from the main
)bject. This is the first grand lesson
n composition to be learned from the
How an Alabama Plantib Saved
us Cotton.-?An intelligent planter
n Alabama entirely escaped the ravages
of the caterpillar last year, although
it destroyed the cotton upon
)very other plantation in his coanty.
Elis crop was the finest be ever raised.
Che caterpillar came up to the fields
)f his next door neighbors, but they'
lid not cross his fences.
>f this was, he Lsued the sternest
>rders that not d single bird, except
-he j*y, should be killed upon his
plantation, nnder any pretext whatever.
He allowed little willow groves
o grow lik his fields, and to them he
tent a sack of oats every morning,
vhioh ware scattered upon the ground.
Che birds 'fed upon the oats and
rwaraad- fa> thousands around his
Utdt. ' Thw rtliWn^natiut tVi a I>n+?nn
|j. And hence, there were no eggs,
here were no eatorpill&rs, there were
10 Iftryflt'. bat there ?M ? blooming I
^rdexMiln tho midst of a blighted
vilderness. it There is no evil without
te remedy'?there i? no dieesss withTelegraph.1
- t "c^j ' ,v
. ni-M' tit ; iWitt'o-.Srft
Bkjlmm#p ACTXS PvM>i*?#rMk
^ dry* b*r?
W?*of Rppj?? ptws
ffTMri'lfHlf IftfTtt tuoMaMBur mft
ws???r"> ?'tv7^ iT ^ *
Brutal Treatment of the insank
ik Massachusetts.?The Massachusetts
which is charged with the investigation
of the death of Parks, at the
Taunton Lunatio asylum, happened
a few days ago, upon a bit of now
testimony, of just such a character as
! furnishes Charles Beade with the material
for "Hard Cash." Patrick Milan,
of Bcadville, a former patient
of the asylum, testifies that he saw
i the struggle between Parks and tbe ati
tendants: three men hold down the vie
[ ti in; of these three, Young was kneeling
. on hie breast, choking him and striking
him with his fist; Lamson was
I stamping upon Parks' breast with his
j heel, and kicking him on the side with
1 all his might, waiting for a chance to
1 hit fair between the struggles of the
victim, who hollowed as often as
, there was any broath in his body,
j When Parks was completely exhaus|
he as taken to bis bed-room, where
! the witness make public such doings?
He did Dot dare. Ho bud kuown patients
to be beaten for making com;
plaiute. One day, Keeper Charles
Acorn required witness to bathe, and
upon his refusing, knocked dowa and
kicked him so severely that he was
still lame from the injuries then toceived.
He had also been kicked and
bruised when he was in a straight
i jacket. The counsel for the asylum
cross examined and bullyragged the
witness, but failed to discredit his
testimony which was very clear.
Important Disoovxry.?It has been
' said that the conqueror Timour, who
was the terror of Europe and Asia,
in the fourteenth century, carried immense
numbers of valuable manuscripts,
the spoils of many libraries to
Saraarcand, in Bokharau the place of
bis death. The Hungarian traveler,
Vambrey, who visited Samareand a
few years ago in the disguise of a
Mahommedan dervish, could hear
nothing of this collection and doubted
its existence. It was hoped, however,
during the recent occupation of the
place by the Bussians, something
might be discovered in regard to the
_ . . a vtr * - - ?
iiwuuBunpw. tv e nave learned or no
sach results being attained, and, if the
.London Spectator is not misinformed,
a Dart at ImiI aP th? mntli
_ x ?VJk AUUVIU
have been found in ?tores of the India
House at London. It says:
"Oriental scholars all over; the
world will feel their blood quicjcen at
the news that the library of Timonr^
collected in the course of his conquests,
has been discovered. Among other
treasures are documents of extraordinary
value connected with the biography
of Mohammed. The discovery
of this ohest may probably cause a
large part of Eastern history to be
rewritten." ? " * :
Coring Poll-*vil.?James Seafield,
Fairfield, Maryland, says: I Bad
a horse that was pronounced incurs*
ble of the poll-evil, as the horse*
doctor had given him upto'di*. I
thought I would trv an exnerimetat.
1 laid open the swelling with * kniffc,
and forced it to run j after it Lad ran
twenty-four hours, I washed oat the
incision with soap and water and
sprinkled quick-lime into the cavity.
This process of washing out atodZliin*
ing 1 repeated every twenty-f&ur
hours for about two weeks, at the end
of which time the swelling had gone
down and tbe.tore healtfd over. 7 This
I did two years ago this pretfsfeiTlfo-'
vember, and there is too sign'of tb*>
return of the poli-eviL X 'would advise
a trial. r . ...u .< k, .
ii. i mj> i* i
. i i ? -i t. 'tV ,
Tnum and tbs yTh?i
fluence pf temper upO?
muoh consideration.Habit* &qtua+.
uiuubqcbs or m-naiure, mil coxniqunl
the speaking, voice, That ttar* t
ly exist Amiable.tctnefc it M"in tu^'
ibunded oj&iob. :
iano deoeption; H 3s I0lypm&;-tk+]
index of the mind, decoting moral
qualities; and It i?*y b? r?Joa*rk?d
that tba low, soft tonw <rf glmtW awl
amiable being,what^AMir awi^