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Knoxville Whig and chronicle. (Knoxville, Tenn.) 1875-1882, March 03, 1875, Image 2

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WHIG AND CHRONICLE.
WEDNESDAY, MARCH 3, 1875.
FIELD yVTN I) 1--AHM.
A SEVERE WIXTKR.
' The winter of lSf,.1-4 lias hereto
fore been considered the coldest ami
stormiest on record, but the winter of
1874-,') will surpass it. Early in tin
winter we re-published articles from
Northern exchanges predicting a se
vere winter, based on the migration
of the prey squirrels ami other sim
ilar sitrns. but as January passed
without realizing the prediction, we
supposed it would fail. February,
however, has tested thoroughly the
capacity of the thermometers to mea
sure the fall of the mercury. Down,
down, down it went, until past all
calculation. ( )ld Ocean's briny wa
ters even threatened to iriye up in
the unequal contest and irive miles of
ice all alomj; the coast.
Our exchanges from the North all
report the most extreme weather. A
letter from Milwaukee on the 17th
inst. says that "Wisconsin has exper
ienced during the present winter the
coldest weather known in thirty years.
The thermometer here has not mark
ed less than .3 decrees below zero dur
ing the past ten days, and l.'i to 23
decrees lias been freqontly recorded.
In fact, since a few days before
Christinas a truly Siberian tempera
ture has prevailed, with one-fourth to
one-third more snow, badly drifted,
than is remembered by the 'oldest
inhabitant." '
The track of the Wisconsin Cen
tral railroad has for ten days been
covered in many places with snow to
the depth of ten and fifteen feet. Hut
the most remarkable story comes from
the Superintendent of the Northern
division of the St. Paul railway, who
reiorts snow drifts between Ripon
and Berlin reaching to the tops of
the telegraph poles.
The country roads in the North
west are perfectly impassable. The
reports from the East are full as bad.
Penobscot Ray has been frozen over
for the first time witkin the recollec
tion of man. In New York State,
the Rome, Watertown ami Ogdens-
burg railro.nl, btweeu Rome and Wa
tertown, for fifteen miles, was covered
with snow to an average depth of ten
feet, and it was so hard that much of
it could not be cut with iron shovels,
and had to be prized up; and, be
cause it was so hard all the way
down, it had to be shoveled to the
rails. In some places the men stood
in three tiers one above the other, in
getting the snow up, and all along it
is piled high on either side in blocks
and chunks. A gentleman said that
in riding through the cut it looked
like a vast white marble quarry. An
old resident of Watertown, who has
closely observed the weather and re
corded his observations, says there
has more snow fallen this winter than
any preceding fifty.
THE FPiKSHET.
Klvcr Almost m High as in 1SG7
Terrible Loss of Property by
zens a well as Corporations.
Loss in the City from $30,00
$3:,ooo.
;Kruin Kooivire Diilr Chrjtiiole.Feb. 2 .J
It ruined inces-antly during Tues
day night, Hint continued I" rain some
yesterday morning, liefore noon,
however, it cleared up, mid for h few
hours we were blessed with leniitiful
weather. However, in the afternoon
it began to eloud up again, and before
night it whs again mining ami con
tinued up to this writing, 10:30 1". M.,
and now the water is fairly pouring
down in torrents, with a propped of
it continuing thus during the night.
The river rose about seven feet yes
terday from fi a. m. to 5 o'clock I, m..
ami was still rising at tlit.it rate last
night. Reports eoine in from all parts
of the country, to tlie ett'eet that the
smaller streams are about at high as
they have ever been known, and
maiiy predict that if it continue to
rain all night, the rise in the riv
er w ill be something equal to that of
isij7. Mr. T. Atkin ha! consider
able trouble in saving his lumber, and
no doubt lost some. In the evening a
large raft of logs got loose, hut Mr. At
kin succeeded in getting aboard of it,
mid by t he assistance of several men
in skiffs, managed to land it below the
steamboat wharf. More of Mr. At
kin's lumber is in danger, if the river
continues to rise.
A 4ood Word lor the t rows
Tlie Baltimore Sun .f Saturday, re
turning to tin: -ul,j,.ct of crows, remarks :
"A llclair -taire driver -avs that the
country people are poi-oning tin in with
strychnine, according to a time-honored
fu-toin at this season of the year. Tic
fatal dose is administered by being satur
ated in com, which is scattered around
freely. Some of the crows die on the spot,
others tly away and soiiier-auh in tlie sky.
and others go blind and die of starvation
and the stomach-ache. An instance is
cited of one wort liy but wicked country
man gathering up. 1,200 irons he bad
poisoned, taking their scalps, and reaping
his reward from tlie country authorities,
six and a quarter cent-" apiece, I-7.3.
'rows, no doubt, rfonii a better part
for farmer than they are given credit, for.
Nature furni.-hes scavenger birds and
animals adapted to the wants of every
climate. In tlie summer time the bird-,
being very numcrou-. do a large part of
scavenger work, in the same way crow.-,
n doubt, are Is.-neticial to the country in
this latitude, as their name of 'carrion
crow' would indicate, besides making
themselves generally u-cfiil in rooting out
the grubs that hatch insects to destroy the
labors of the fanner. Xo doubt, if the
crows were properly encouraged to do so,
they would Is: Useful in de-troying the
Ktato bug, lately m de-tructive ill all
parts of this country. W ho kuous until
we have tried thcui .' And if a poor crow
does steal a few grains of corn at seeding
time, or pluck the ears when they have
ripened, tlie fanner could prevent Ulh
depredations by u cll-kuow n precau
tions.1' London fouuly f air.
Judging from present indications,
we believe that Loudon county is go
ing to have a Fair next full. One of
our most energetic and enterprising
citi.t n is now preparing tlie prelimi
naries, and ill the siiifac- indications!
are good. We have in our mind's eye, ',
at the pre- nt time, six of our fellow
citizens, who have agreed to ta"ke ten j
shares each, at ten dollars per!
share. It la a move of the farmer,
and we hojie that all will come to taw
and plump for ihe middle man.!
The i u is not a man in the county tout
in no poor that lie can not do some
thing to forward the enterprise, and
everybody should help. The columns
of thin paper are open to all w ho de
sire to communicate ou the subject.
J.. I. t.rothrcn and don't be
From Kax ilie D.d y Cur nicl e, Ftb.
Yesterday morning the river banks
were crowded with people, having
learned of the sad havoc made during
the previous night by the " water
fiend," as given fully to the readers of
the Chronicle, the local columns of
the paper having bet n kept open to
nearly 'j o'clock, a. m., in order to give
the public the very latest. Their sur
prise, of course, was great, for in the
limited time we had we could not give
a full description, if such a thing were
possible. The lumber yard of Mr. K.
T. Atkin presented a lively scene, and
large numbers of citizens were en
gaged in helping Mr. Atkiu save as
much as possible of his property.
THE KIVER
had risen to over thirty feet tide water,
and was carrying everything before it.
The rafts, parts of bridges, lumber
and a portion of Mr. Atkin's
mill, which had lodged against the
derrick, was carried away, as we pre
dicted, the force of the au
gry waters being too much for the
derrick, and it gave way.
THE 1.1' Mil Kit WAS FLOATINU
Around proruiscuousl v, and a majority
of tlie rafts of logs had cut loose and
were on their wav Chattau.Kigaward.
The citizens worked with a will, and
deserve creilit for the energy they dis
played in trying to save the property,
ofteu at the risk of their own lives.
Vet their exertions In many instances
were unavailing, and much of the
lumber floated away.
In the afternoon we visited the scene
again, and found all busy.
.MR. ATKIN'S OFFICE
Was under water up to the roof, as was
also tlie building at the corner hereto
fore used as a store, while the corner
lamp post was not visible. The
slaughter-house was under water up to
tlie second story, and the lumber
which had been put in the slaughter
house yard was lloating around loose.
We met Mr. Atkin, who, having fallen
iulo tlie river, was wet from head to
foot. On inquiring, we learned that
he estimated his lossi provided he could
hold what he still had ) at aixml
'1 EN THOUSAND DOLLARS.
! The lumber still remaining is fasten-
td with strong ropes, and lie hoped to
save it. It was certainly a hard stroke,
especially in theee hard times, and he
lias tlie sympathy of ttie entire com
munity.
Tlie houses along the river bank, be
tween First Creek and the county
bridge were all under water to the
roots. Tlie loss to the owners of this
property can not be estimated, at pre
sent, but will doubtless reach several
hundred dollars. The lumber-yard of
Bettertnn Sc Bro., at the foot of Prince
street, is inundated, and doubtless
some of the lumber was lost.
A FAMILY SURROUNDED I1Y WATER.
On the west side of Second Creek, on
the batiks of the river, Mr. Stevenson
(an Englishman) h is a neat dwelling,
which was completely surrounded by
the river, and ttie family were mill in
the house. A large flat-boat whs in
front of the hem-e ready to receive
them.
Duriug the day several ,4, , , .
llOl'SKS FLOATS l DOWN THE RtVFR,
And early in th morning, we learn,
n barn floor wilh a stack of straw or
bay and a cow on it was seen passing
Knoxville doubtless bound for points
lielow.
l'R K. PAYNE'S Ft CIV RES. 1
Last night Prof. J. K. Payne, who
bus been taken several observations
during the day and night, furnished
us with the following as the result :
In the year 1SG7 the highest tide
water was 43 feet and 9 inches. At 12 ;
M. yesterday it stood 315 feet tide water,
and was still rising at the rate of 8
inches to the hour. At ,1:15 i M., 37
feet and 4 inches ; at 4:43 l. M , SS feet
and - inches ; at 7:30 l. St.. 39 2-3 feet ;
at 10:13, 40 2-3 feet, and was: then
rising at the rate of 6j inches per hour.
Fol'R FKKT P. FLOW 1S67.
At 1:13 a. M., this morning our re
porter was at tin river and found that
the river was then alxiut 41 fl-10 feet
bight, a:.d had taken a new rise, ris
ing at the rate of 6 inches to the hour.
It only lacked about 4 feet of being up
to the high water mark of lst7. At
this rate it will lie fully up to 1867 by
0 o'clock this morning. The river
men were of tlie opinion that the
waters of French Broad were just com
ing down, cau-ing the new rise. The
t"ii of t he Iniil lings on the river bank
could hardly be seen.
FIRST CREEK.
This creek was higher than ever be
fore known. Above Branner's mill,
about fifty houses, mostly owned and
occupied by poor persons, have been
more or less damaged. Though the
Individual loss is not very great, aggre
gating from $10 to $ 100, it will be se
riously fe't by most f.f the losers.
In our round down the creek, we
found that the Shifldstown bridge was
no more. It was carried away near 2
o'clock yesterday morning, and lodged
but a short distance from where it for
merly stood. It is in very good con
dition, and can be replaced at no very
great cost.
" FROf! LEVEL."
Every bouse in this district has been
somewhat damaged. This place is
penectly isolated, and can not be
reached without going a long circui
tous route. All the families moved
their property on Tuesday night be
fore the great rise came. They nenily
all returned again yesterday.
In one of tlie houses lived a Mrs.
Read, who was confined on Monday,
she being in so critical a state that
she was not taken from the
house when her neighbors began
to move. At eleven o'clock Tuesday
night she was taken out by several
youug men, who bad to wade through
water waist deep to reach her. She is
now in a very serious condition.
The tobacco factory of McCallum &
Bro. was half under water: the water
was almost up to the roof. We could
not learn the amount of their liss.
On William street nine houses were
somewhat damaged. The out. houses
were all carried away. The damage
fin this street will amount to about
$100.
THE I'ATTON STREET IlRIOfiE
creek. Their loss Is estimated at lie.
Iwieu S7Q1) Hid $S00, consisting in
lumber, wood and ware, T'udr ware
is distributed promiscuously, and a
great ileal of It broken.
'nilg & Rartli'lt lost some lumber,
and a great deal tif their finished Work
and flooring was damaged. There
two ftei of water in the shop,
and fourteen Inches in tbeolllce. Their
I'" will amount to near $400
The large flat on the iionh of the
railroads was pretty Well tilled, ami
the huts suffered severe damage.
The culberl at the Rolllug Mill being
so narrow the water spread out In the
tlat, and ttie Keg Factory which Is at
least three hundred feet Irom the creek,
had thre feel of water In the lower
tloof, tint no damage was done to the
factory but to stop work for a time.
I'.RIDCKS.
The Aslum street bridge escaped
uninjured.
The Clinch street bridge also with
stood the surging waters, and is in us
good a condition as it was before the
freshet.
The Cumberland and Main hi reel
bridges are under wnter but still keep
their places.
The bridges between the roiling mill
and the nail factory were swept away,
and the iron track which ran over one
of them was broken as though they
were splinters. The Hour of the nail
factory was covered with water and
mud, which causes a loss of time in
running the factory. Tlie loss of the
Knoxville Iron Company is estimated
by them at from 5300 to $1,000.
The trestle work of the K. and C.
R. R. was broken, but still hang, be
ing held by the bolts.
Tlie damage around the tan-yard
was very ( light. The lower floor of
the building was under water. The
damage, which is mostly hides, will
amount to near $.'00. Tlie damage to
the other property was slight.
THE OAS WORKS
Are under water, and were greatly
damaged, imt just to what extent Is
not known, i t will doubtless go Into
the thousand-, tsome portions of the
maeluuery are Known to lie Injured
and the repairs have already been or
dered at the Foundry. Our citizens
will have to do without gas light for
some time, probably several weeks.
We ream that the Company have
decided to trect entirely new works on
the Knoxville and Ohio railroad, near
the Rrick Mill. They are determined
that this shall be the la-t time that
high water eU'ecta their operations.
The bouse of John ('uUiiien, who
works in the gas works, had to be va
cated by his family, and at .'i p. M. the
water was several feet ibcji on the fltst
floor. E-quire Larry's hou-e was un
der water nearly to the ceiling of the
firsL floor. The damage to the above
named two houses will reach several
hundred dollars.
ON" 'I UK hot I It Hill.
Of the river above the county bridge
several houses iiad to be vacated, and
one was washed away.
1'olicc man James Leary'w house and
stable, just below tiie Knoxville ai.d
Charleston railroad bridge, were
FLOATING JV THE RIVER,
fastened with large roxs, his furniture
lying around loose, while his wife was
seated near by with a child ou her lap.
it was a sad sight, and his lows, if ins
bou-e and stable are not carried away,
Was also swept away. The bridge was
so completely demolished that one
would hardly think a bridge had ever !
stood there. The street is also badly
washed. Mrs. Ed. Nickels' (colored)
house was completely covered with
water, rihe did not save any of her
furniture. Her loss is not very great
in value, yet will be felt by her, as it
was her all.
Mr. John Kennedy's loss is very
slight, only his fence being washed
away.
home small houses between John
Kennedy's and the carriage factory
were somewhat damaged, but not
worthy of note.
CRO.IER STREET
Was almost cut in too, and not even a
small path is left for pedestrians to
reach liurr & lerrva mill without
passing through mud six inches deep.
About 5,000 suuare feet of earth has
been washed out of this street at this
point, and about 8 feet deep.
1 he lower floor of tlie carriage factory
was covered wilh two feet of water.
Mr. Eldridge says $100 will cover his
loss.
One half of the
MARRY 8TKEF:T BRILfifc
and the lower butment was washed
away, as was also the dam of Rran
ner's mill, the brick wall of tlie build
ing, and the machinery of the same.
It is estimated that Mr. iiranner's loss
will amount to from Jl.ooo to $1,200.
The Furniture Manufacturing Com
pany, doing business at the old manu
facturing department of Renshaw &
Hacker are damaged to the amount of
fc.300.
C'has. Zeigc, who had just gotten
his machinery iu order to manufac
ture Uinn dust, near the Cumberland
street bridge, has met with several
hundred dollars loss, ills engine and
machinery all being uuder water.
There is a heavy wash on Kennedy
street, which will cost the corporation
considerable to till again.
Clinch street, Cumlierland street,
ami Main street bridges are washed
away completely, as stated in yester
day's issue.
MINOR LOSSES.
M '-('la iml,, an's mill is damaged large
ly, but the amount of the loss is not
known.
Allen Andcr-on is '.'amaged to the
, amount of several hundred dollars.
! Mr. M. J. Childie-s had to vacate
Lis house, and it is estimated that he
I is damaged to the amount of $300.
A number f'f houses between J'rau
I ner's mill and the mouth of First
(',... L- L.l.l.lil,...! IIIMU,.. I..LJ .1,
many being compelled to vacate, and
can be estimated iu aggregate at sever
al hundred dollars.
HIXONI) CREEK'.
This creek was also higher than it
was ever known to be. It was at its
greatest bight between J and 2 o'clock
yesterday morning. This sudden rise
was cau-ed by Hharp's dams giving
away.
Weaver Rros. the proprietors of Hie
KNOXVILLK I'OTTERY,
y... 1 tL frreate-t )os on this
SADDLE TREE FACTORY.
Koblhase tfc Kemper's upper shop.
where they tanned their skins, was
uailer water, and they lost some hide-;
they can not tell now how many.
Kemper & KohlhasM 0ati not esti
mate their loss as yet. They picked
np several hides from the upper shop
iu the creek, and as the tan-vats were
all under water yet, when we were
around, they could not tell how many
may have been carried away. Miey
also lost several dozen saddle tree-,
which had not been finished.
Rosworth's mill, from present indi
cations, has not had its worst yet, as
tlie back waters of the river are creep
ing slowly towards it. Yesterday even
ing the only damage was the loss of
the race.
Mr. Peltier lost considerable in fene.
ing anil good ground. He bad put his
garden In good order, and now all the
rich soil has been removed.
Ooodin's store at the Main street
bridge was under water and the goods
had to be removed.
The I'lumlee properly has the first
floor under water, and only lacks six
feet being to the second floor.
The first floor of John Long's resi
dence was covered with water.
Aunt I'ollie Harris, a good natured
old colored woman, sullered heavily,
having to remove everything, her
house being under water to the roof.
It was only held to its place by a strong
rope.
Robert Turk, an old colored man,
lamented the loss of all his earthly
goods, amounting to from $.30 to iloo.
A number of huts between Main
street ami the river, occupied mostly
by colored people, had to be abandon
ed. In many instances the furniture,
fec, of the occupants could be seen
lying arouud loose ou the ground.
Mayor (Staub estimates the loss to
the Corporation at about $10,000, but
frankly admitted that the general es
timate is that the damage will amount
to from $12,0U0 to $15,(ioo. Estimating
the Corporation damage at $12,000 and
the whole loss iu this city, leaving out
all railroad pioperty, will amount to
between 830,000 and $3.3,000.
DAMAGE TO THE RAILROADS.
The damage to the railroads in East
Tennessee is at present beyond com
putation. The East Tennessee, Vir
ginia and Georgia road has never been
so much damaged before. Bridges and
trestle work ;have been swept awuy
all along the line. The track is wash
ed away at many points, while the
track at other places has been filled by
land slides.! .'o.iimencing with the wes
tern terminus of the line, we give the
following dispatch receive by the rail
road nfllcials from
CHATTANOOflA,
which we are permitted to iis :
tsmiih is at Chickamaug... He says
the track is all right from 'leveland lo
that point. The trestle at (Jhickamau
ga has moved about two inches to
day. Think it will wash out. He did
not come west of Chickamauga. River
very high, and still rising.
FROM CLEVELAND TO DALTON
The track is waahed out at three
places between Cleveland and Dalton,
on the Dalton branch of the road.
Two of them have been repaired, and
work is progressing on the other.
Coming farther east, we have received
the following dispatch from Charles
ton, on the Hiwassee river :
To the Editori of the Chronicle :
Twospausof the railroad bridge at
this place are gone. The river is as
high as it was in March, 1807. The
damage to property Is very heavy.
McKNUiiiT.
The track is washed out in three
places between Athens and Riceville,
and one between Athens and Mouse
Creek.
The culvert tine-half mile east of
Philadelphia and fifty yards of track
is washed away. Oue bridge and fifty
yards of track gone from one mile west
of Philadelphia. Retween Loudon
and Lenoir's Station there are six
slides and two hundred feet of em
bankment gone. Four culverts are
washed away between Knox ville and
Lenoir's I-lation.
EAST OF KNOXVILLE.
From nil the informatlou received, It
appears as if tlie ram iu upper East
Tennessee has been equally as destruc
tive as west of this plice. A slide near
McMillan's K'ation has been already
removed. There is a heavy slide near
Fullen's (station, which will require
two days to remove and clear the track
of oltstruction. One hundred and six
ty feet of track Is washed away west of
Telford's (Station.
FROM LEADVALK.
Intelligence Lad been received from
Load vale, where the Cincinnati, Cum
berland (Jap and Charleston road
crosses the French Broad river, to the
effect that Mil the trestle of the rosd at
that point lias been washed away from
under the bridge, and that the river Is
as high there as it was in 1807 and still
rising.
KNOXVILLE AND OHIO ROAD.
A trestle over Knob Fork near Jno.
Woods', south of Reaver Creek, is bro
ken, and we hear of two or three
serious sllrted. If the trains fir dw
layed on this road many days Knox
ville will have a coh! famine. The
supply is shfirt now Hlid all that is for
sale will be taken up very soon.
KNOXVILLK AND CIIARLF:8TON ROAD.
This road has suffered severely. The
bridge over Pistol Creek near Mary
ville is reported gone. The expensive
bridge fiver Little River Is also gone.
This is a very expensive fine, and with
the present financial condition of the
road, it is uncertain when it will be
rebuilt. It is impossible now to esti
mate the damages sustained by the
roads, but they are very great.
LATEST RAILROAD NEWS.
At ten o'clock last night we learned
that there are twenty-tlve breaks iu
the road between here and Chattanoo
ga. .Nothing has beeu heard from
eighty miles if the road, between
Knoxville and Bristol.
LITTLE RIVER AND VUIN1TY.
Mr. J. A. Brakebill, of the firm of
Hodge & Brakebill, of this city, arriv
ed from Rockford, Blount county, late
yesterday afternoon from whom we
learn that the Knoxville and Charles
ton railroad bridge over Little river
broke yesterday morning at 5 o'clock.
Little river was four feet higher than
in '07, when it was higher thaw ever
known before. 1 1 commenced falling
about two hours after the bridge broke.
The river above Rokford and in
many other places was a mile wide.
:-everal dwellings were carried down
Wednesday night and yesterday
morning. reler Kule s House, one
mile below Rockford, went yesterday
morning. Kirby's mill near by was
moved, and a later account says It is
gone. Kennedy's mill three miles
above Rockford was reported swept
away. Houses which stood the tide of
'07 went before the present. It is esti
mated that five hundred thousand
fence rails have been carried off by
Little river, the whole being a total
loss since the sudden rise would sweep
them into the lennessee before that
stream could have time to throw them
back so as to efl'ect a lodgment by the
oacK-waler. 1 lie Kocklord cotton
mills are safe. Mr. Brakebill desuribts
the destruction on Little river
and the creeks of that viciulty
as unparalleled. it is impos
sible to even approximate a fiuaticial
estimate ol tlie loss. jN early every
turnpike bridge heard of was swept
away. In coming ten miles to town
our informant had rode about twenty
five miles arouud broken bridges, etc.
He saw in Bay's Mountain, near Rock
ford, AN IMMENSE GULCH,
Milu to nave neen washed out by a
bursting cloud. Tuesday's rain did
not melt the snow in the Chilhnwee
Mountains, which is supposed to have
given way uuder the warm showers of
Wednesday night, and contributed no
little to produce the unprecedented
flood .
STOCK CREEK.
We bear that Stock Creek, in the
southern portion ot the county, was
higher than ever before known
Bridges and fences were all swept
awuy and farms much damaged.
HINDS' VALLEY.
e converged with a geiitlemau
yesterday from north of the city, who
informs us that (ira-sy Creek, a tribu
tary of Beaver Creek, was very high
The farmers in that valley, we hear,
are more damaged than they were iu
Ihtif.
Hazen's paper mill, on Middlebrook
has again suffered. A portion of the
tiam is gone, anil it will take several
days to repair it. What the extent of
ttie damage Is we are unable to stale.
Lones' mill-dam, on the same stream
Is washed away, and the mill badly
uamageu.
mjI.L'RUN AND LEAVER CREEK
Our information from the rich val
leys through which these two creeks
pass is of the same character as receiv
edfrotu nearly e-ery quarter. We learn
that all the county bridges on these
creeks are gone, and that farmers have
lost heavily in various ways.
Mm aa MitMttrr.
IVrom tbti Oreenerills Intell (t?orer
It astonishes one who has witnessed
the gieat effect on the agricultural
progress of some of the older States by
the use of lime, to see so little ofit tiseil
in Tennessee where the land lias been
worn out for the want of some sustain
ing manure, and particularly so when
nearly every farm has the very best
of limestone on It. Thirty years" ago
iu the States fit New Jersey and Penn-
ylTanta, you might see old sedge fields
or " poverty grass," as it is there call- i
ed, in abundance. They had their
large farms, worn out lands, poor
fences and poverty homes, very much
as the people in Tennessee now have.
J hose of them that could, mustered
the means, sought homes In the west
and elsewhere, and left homes much
more valuable than those they found,
simply because they were ignorant of
me real element of wealth ttiey pos
sessed on these farms, viz: that of
Lime. Afterward the use of this val
uable manure become general, ami
sooil the poor farms and "poverty
grass" fields began to disappear, and a
more prosperous condition of things
developed themselves throughout the
entire country. Fences were renewed,
houses were built, and today there are
no wealthier or more prosperous far
mers to be found anywhere: and the
foundation cause of this great change
was the use of lime. Lime being a sea
deposit composed of marineshells com-
tuned with carbonic acid, it is an alka
line earth, and in order to make it suit
able for manure for laud, if has to be
burnt in kilns to drive otr the carbonic
acid. The action of lime on the land
is more for the purpose of utilizing tlie
vegetable matter and through itsalka-
line qualities counteract or destroy the
acidity of the soil and thereby make It
productive, sorrel or oxalic acid plants
can easily le destroyed by the use of
nine, iiime also has a quality of des
troying noxious weetls and converting
them into manure, thus enriching the
land making the soil lighter and more
easily cultivated, also giving greater
facilities for capillary attraction, giv
ing it the quality of'holding water and
witiistanditig drought. Jime In all
instances when used as a manure must
have negative matter to act upon,
hence the poorer the soil the less quan
tity of lime must be used. I trust the
time will soon come when on every
farm we shall see a retularlv con
structed lime kiln and from Its use the
same results will follow that it has
been our privilege to witness else
where. K. H.
How To Kill ( iihlmge Worms.
Cabbage are so nutritious and healthy
its food for man and beast that we arc
glad to tell our readers a (-lean and sure
remedy against damage by worms, if ap
plied in season. It is to sprinkle, a little
wheat bran or ships-stuff over the plants
when the yellow butterfly first appears,
whose eggs make tint most common cab
bage worms. Itiickwheat meal fir flour
has been used with cfinullv srood results
and probably corn meal will fill the
breathing pores of the worms and kill
them.
A correspondent of the jVeic Yorl;
Tribune says :
In June, in going through mv carlv
cabbage, I found one completely covered
w ith the worm. Immediately J obtained
a handful of bran and sprinkled it over
the head. The worms began to squirm
mil fall oil' the cabbage and wherever the;
bran touched them they seemed to be in
pain. The following morning they were
all dead. Since that time, ou the first ap
pearance of the worm 1 sow the bran.
Some seasons it maybe necessary to do
it the second time. If the worms are very
thick, it is better to take a handful and
sprinkle it over the cabbage. A hundred
weight is ample for an acre.
From I'owcll'n Klnllou.
Powell's Station, Feb. 23th.
To the Editors of the Chronicle:
The rain was very heavy here. Bea
ver creek is higher than It has been
for many years. The railroad is cov
ered with water for several hundred
yards here. Wood's bridge cross Bea
ver creek, oue mile from here, was
washed away. Part of the railroad
trestle crossing Nob Fork was washed
away. There is great damage to the
farmers; their fencing, their freshly
plowed land, etc., being dreadfully
washed. Torrents from the ridges car
ried all the fencing in their paths.
Ou the Knoxville and Ohio railroad
there has been considerable slides in
Chestnut ridge. The cut in Copper
ridge has slid somewhat. The damage
on the road will be repaired in a day
or two so that the trains will run
through. The energy of the Road
Master, (Jeorge Kiuej, and bis sub
ordinates, Is very commendable. He
passed this place this morning walk
lug the road and was compelled to
wade water a foot deep as the track
was covered and there was no chance
to get around iu a reasonable distance,
but Kin.el said the road must be look
ed after ami he intended to go through
to Carey villa if it was possible to do so.
For the benefit of some of your cor
respondents who have been criticising
me, 1 put forth this, my platform:
Considering the Chronicle to be the
champion of dignified journalism in
East Tennessee, I shall at nil times
support it by giving it the latest news
from my section, and Iu doing so I
shall bo governed by facts as nearly as
1 can gather them. 1 shall mention
all "pig stories," "snake stories,"
"crow stories," and every other re
markable, though truthful story I hear
of. I shall flespair of always telling
the world things it doesn't already
know, because the world lu general
thinks that what it don't know isn't
worth knowing. I shall, further, be
governed by the promptings of xdlte
n ess, aud shall never criticise a brother
correspondent, except he first gets ou
u.y coat-tail. Roy.
f lnrlnnnll Southern Railroad.
The Chattanooga Commercial in
speaking of Major Hugh Carlisle, and
the above road, says: The work ou
that portion of tho road which termis
nates south at Emory river, is being
vigorously pushed, and will, it Is
thought without doubt, be completed
within the time specified in the con
tracts. Mr. Carlisle has five sections
of the road, Nos. 100 to 104 inclusive.
Nos. 103 and 104 are tunnel work, said
'to be the most difllcult on the line, be
ing driven through a flinty sandstone
V bile there is a large number of
bauds at work, there is a demand lor
many more, and we know no better
place for able-bodied men, now idle, to
seek employment. The pay is liberal
and prompt the treatment good.
Mr. Carlisle himself needs five hun
dred more hands. As an inducement
to parties to seek work with him, we
will say that he has beeu a contractor
in the South twenty-seven years; that
he has never had a man killed ou his
work ; that he lias never failed to car
ry out a contract, aud has always paid
one hundred cents on the dollar ou
his agreements. Mr. Carlisle would
like also to purchase about twenty
good mules If he can get them at rea
sonable prices. ClMttanooya Commercial.
A t.ood Tnkc Oft".
We kuew he'd do it it Is so like
him. Our Senator Stevenson, in his
speech in the Senate tho other day, de
clared that " he honored the people of
Louisiana for their defense of their
homes and firesides." Nay more, he
pointedly exclaimed," If we must fall,
let us stand beneath the crash of the
falling Republic, and be buried in its
ruins.'' Of course. Orand thought'.
"If we fall, let us stand "a senti
ment that will find a joyous response
in the bosom of every constituent of
the Senator, without regard to color,
race, or previous condition of servi
tude. "Stand" where? "Beneath
the crash of tlie falling Republic, and
be buried iu its ruins." Splendid
climax! (ilorious catastrophe I The
renowed Common wealth will stand
by its noble Senator in this patriotic
undertaking. Wn do not hesitate to
defy that crash. Let it come ! Who's
afraid'.' In the memorable language
of (ieiiend Bawsou, " llaniiiation,
Colonel (iiles, whin's my belnirt and
my sword'.'" Louinviln Cotiimcriiat.
- im
Curio-ity is inherent in human na
ture, It never tires and is never fully
satisfied. Wise advestlsers take ad
vantage of it: "Why!" said one mer
chant to another, ",ou reading adver
tisements; what U going to happen?"
" Well," said J., " I am not, you see,
reading advertisements for the fun of
the thing, only wuntnl in hnmu what
that old rut C. U vt to." That's all,
and that Is why a good many people
read advertisements at tiist and buy
tlie goods, pei baps, afterwards.

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