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4 N 7U
VOL XXXV 1 1- NO. 15
KNOXVILLE, TENN. : WEDNESDAY. JULY T, 1875.
WHOLE NO 188T
jnter-State Educational Convention.
Hprrlnl to hronlrln.
Chattanooga, June 30th, 1875.
Tho Inter-State Educational Convention
met here to-day, aooording to appointment.
The Convention opened at, 9 o clock a. m.
The attendance is large. Ihe States of
Tennessee, Georgia, Alabama, Missouri,
Virginia, Kentucky and Illinois, nro rep.
Prof. B. Mullin, Superintendent of the
Public Schools in Atlanta, Ua., was chosen
Presidont and W. It. Garret, of Corners
ville, Marshall county, Tenn., Secretary.
Vice-Presidents were chosen from ench
of the several Slates represented.
An address of welcome was delivered by
George Washington, Esq , of Knoxville,
and was ono of his happiest efforts.
Among the many distinguished gentle
men present is Km, T. Harris, the euiiuent
Superintendent of the City Schools in St.
Louis, Missouri, who to-day read a paper,
which for ability has hardly ever been sur
passed in this country. Ilia subject was
the Relation of the Mississippi Valley to Civ
ilization and Education.
Prof. W.J. Davis, eJitor of the Jlome
and School, Louisville, Kv., addressed the
Convention to-night on Primary Institu
tions'. Ex-Presldeut Johnson I expected
to arrive and address the convention
Dispatches were received to-day, and
read, from Gov. Garland, of Arkansas,
and Gen. John Kuton, Jr., Commis
sioner of Education, expressing regret
at their inability to he present.
Special l l lie t hroolclr.
Chattanooga, July 1st, 10:40 p. m.
The Convention met at 9 o'clock and was
addressed by Superintendent A. Pickott, of
the Memphi" schools, on "The Pupil ns an
Objective Element.'' Dr. W. C. Briggs, of
Illinois, followed on " Common School Ed
ucation." He argued for its universality,
thoroughness, a compulsory law and agafcist
the teaching of foreign languages. Dr.
Harris, of St. Louis, differed with him and
favored teaching German in some cases.
Johnson, Gordon and Lamar, having
failed to arrive, the night meeting was de
ferred nnd after deciding upon a perma
nent Inter-State Association for the South
west, tho Convention adjourned to meet at
Memphis next year, tit a dato to be hereaf
From our own CorriFpondent.J
Chattanoooa, Tens., June 30.
To the Editors of the Chronicle:
My telegram to night will give you
a concise statement of the doings of
the educational convention to-day.
The attendance Is much larger than
was expected. The three divisions of
our own Btate are well represented.
Among those most prominent from
beyond the mountains we notice Htate
Superintendent Trousdale, Dr. Llnd9
ly of Nashville, Supt. Pickett of Mem
phis, Prof. Graves of Mary 8harp
College, Hupt. Weakly of Davidson
county, Prof. Rains editor Tennessee
SchoolJournal, and others. Among
the East Tennessee representatives are
Hupt. Presuell of Jontsborn', Prof.
Bharp of Maryville, Prof. Wilson of
Morristown, Prof. Nelson of Lime
stone and Profs. Butler and Kirk pat
rick of Knoxville, not to mention
many other less distinguished lights.
Knoxville was highly honored by
the very eloquent speech of welcome
addressed to the Convention in behalf
of the citzens of Chattanooga by your
fellow citizen George Washington,
Esq. Mr. Washington knows, as few
other men know, how to do such,
The aoie paper of Supt. Harris on
" The Ktlttiou of the Mississippi val
ley to Civilization and Education" was
the event of the duy. It was diversN
tied and exhaustive, embracing in its
world-wide compnss the working out
of the social problem for the inhabi
tants of our great Interior basin. The
great eflet-i of tin- river's commerce,
flowing through such diversified
ahadewuf cliuiute, was clearly demon
strated, as well as the vast social chan
ges brought about by the wide
spread introduction of railroads
and telegraph lints. The assimilation
of our heterogeneous population
springing from all the nationalities of
earth will, he though', as in ancient
Britain, finally work out a fur nobler,
grander acu more free people. The
great changes now going on require
variations of our educationul system.
But it is impossible in my limited
space to give even a synopsis of the
address. For iU philosophical insight,
clear reasoning and superior merits, in
every respect, it would stand credit
ably in the New York Tribune's list of
lectures by Tyudall, Proctor, etc.
In a running discussion of Dr. Har
ris' paper Prof. It. L. Kirkpatiick, of
East Tennessee University, made some
strong points in favor of the general
establishment of fewer colleges and
more high schools for the advanced
training of the mass and the prepara
tion of those, who might wish it, to
enter1 college proper. He showed
clearly that the preparatory schools
should he scattered through the coun
try instead of being attached to our
collegiate institutions. His ideas are
being carried cut in some couuties by
the establishment of central graded
and high schools for the several dis
tricts. Prof. Butler spoke fervidly for Nor
mal schools and showed clearly their
The subject of competitive examina
tion of applicants .o our State and Na
tional Institutions' wag discussed by
Superintendent J. It. Dean, of Bedford
county, and Prof. Kirkpatrick. The
Convention expressed itself decidedly
in favor of competitive examination,
and the making of all appointments
on merit alone.
The uight lecture of Prof. W. J.
Davis, editor ot Home aud School,
Louisville, was a clear exposition of
the exceedingly great necessity of
thorough primary instruction. Many
au education has been made worthless
by a failure to secure a sure foundation
in the primary branches. -
Chattanoooa, July 1, 1S75.
To tht Editors of the Chronicle:
The Convention sat again this morn
ing in Temperance Hall, at 9 o'clock.
Several additional delegates who ar
rived during the night were preseut
and enrolled their names.
The address of last night on " Pri
mary Instruction '' was discussed.
Itev. 8. P. Amen', of Nashville, was
inclined to criticise the common
school svstem on account of isolated
Plustanees of failure in giving primary
pupils a raplil advancement.
Prof. Sharp, of Maryville, protested
strongly against such unfair methods
of censure and claimed that uin'er
such a rule every good and great un
dertaking would full tn the ground
Prof, lielinetl, of Nashville, urged
the great importance of parents giving
personal attetioti to their chiiltiien's
advancement In study.
Prof. James, of Atlanta, claimed that
failure of result was the fault of Indi
viduals and not of the system.
1 he discussion was followed hv the
address of Superintendent, Pickeit, of
Memphis, lie was a si rolig advocate
of the public schools. They are doing
a good work the world over. He paid
special attention to school govern
ment. 1 iiis embraced one of the mam
elements of success. He deprecated
every remaining vestige of the old
' driving " system. The law or love
s the only true ami successful rule.
Pupils will not have knowledge driven
into them, nor will they be driven to
it. It should be the teachers prime
object to implant in the mind
au absorbing thirst for knowledge.
hen this Is done, the work is accom
plished. The address was able aud
convincing, especially when thespeak
er, with scathing eloquence, referred
to a certain city witnin his knowledge
which annually spent six millions of
dollars for poor drinks and only six
bundle. 1 thousand for schools: the
former was paid with willingness, the
latter with sore complaint !
Ill a discussion which followed. Prof.
Rains, of the Tennessee School Jour
nal, thought teachers should learn to
supt. Caldwell, ot rsashville, said
parents expected too much of teachers.
It was Impossible that the teacner
should give pupils both brains and In
struction. He thought the object of
education is to teach children to inves
tigate rather than to impress bare facts
upon the mind.
Pror. Graves, of Winchester, tound
success to consist in teaching the child
self-respect, with a recognition of his
personality in class instruction.
Prof. Butler, of Knoxville, attributed
all the difUcultfes to want of properly
trained teachers. He thought the
graduate of normal schools would not
make mistakes on these points.
Prof. Millburn, ot xsew Market, re
ferred to the wise man's proverb of
"spare the rod and spoil the child."
and claimed that corporal punishment
was in same cases right and necessary.
Dr. Briggs, or the Evanstou Univer
sity, Illinois, followed the discussion
with his address on " Common School
Education." He spoke extemporane
ously and with power. He referred to
the great advantages ot the States now
building up schools in having the ex
perience or those where they are al
ready firmly established. He advoca
ted unsectarian schools aud the com
plete separation of Church aud State
In all departments of government.
He gave a titling rebuke to those
sentimentalists who would force
the name of " God " into the
constitution, where tho essence of
His truth already abounds so copious
ly. Nor did he have more sympathy
for that other class who characterize
our schools as " Godless" because their
peculiar dogmas are not taught. He
would teach the great principles of
morality, and nothing more. He
claimed the right of tiie State to en
force compulsory education ou the
ground of self-protection. He con
tended lor the exclusion or roreign
languages from the public school, in
order to a greater homogeueity of our
people. I he ancient language he also
would exclude as not being generally
requirtd ana needed. He ravored nor
mal schools, but opposed a State Uni
versity, because it can only be very
restricted in benefits conferred, and is
liable to fall under political control.
Dr. Harris followed with a few re
marks in favor of German in the pub
lic schools in particular cases. He
showed how by being tuught in con
nection with F.ughsh, It would break
up the German private schools where
the German is tuught exclusively, and
in that way produce more homogene
ity than otherwise.
This ended the practical work of the
convention, the whole programme
having been completed with the ex
ception of the popular addresses from
distinguished statesmen who failed in
their engagements to be present.
A committee on permanent organ
ization reported favorably, and the
Association resolved to meet next year
at Memphis, as you have been iu
formed by telegraph. The present
officers were continued, aud instructed
to draft a constitution to be considered
An Executive Committee, consisting
of Messrs. Pickett and Mitchell, of
Memphis. Dr. Lindsley, of Nashville
aud Prof. Butler, of Kuoxville, was
A resolution to petition the next
Congress to distribute the proceeds
from sales of the public lands amorg
the States for educational purposes
was passed ; also a resolution urging
county superintendents and friends of
popular education to do all in their
power to hold Institutes during the
summer, since there is no general
fund for this purpose.
The other resolutions were of the
usual complimentary character, in
cluding thanks to the East Tennessee,
Virginia and Georgia railroad, for
The general result of the Convention
is considered very satisfactory. There
seems to he a common feeling of re
uewed strength among the delegates
and a determination to return home
with redoubled energy for work.
Prof. Sharp and Supt. Presnell will
assist State Superintendent Trousdale
in the East Tennessee Institute which
will be held at either Greeueville or
Morristowu some time in August. K.
TIIE NATION'S BIRTHDAY.
How the Fourth was Celebrated Yes
terday. Kri in Dily Chronicle July 6
At six o'clock jeslerday morning
the people of Knoxville were aroused
from their lumbers by the heavy
sound of artillery from Fort Hamuli r ,
announcing the Nation's i)!Uh birthday.
Soon thereafter the patriotic small Un
followed suit with sll the Hppliaiic-
usually resorted to by Young America
for givit g expression to his overbur
dened emotions. Soou the whole city
was ablaze with enthusiasm. A large
number of private residences were
ta-tefully decorqttd with flags and
evergreens. The United Stutes ling
floated lazily from the Court House
ilag-stafl'ou top of the building, w hile
a very large tie was suspended over
that part of the building fronting on
Prince street. A large one also hung
from the wholesale house of Cnwuii,
McClung &, Co., while numerous oth
ers hung from various business houses
on Gay street, Niaub's Opera-house,
and t lie Lamar House were tastefully
decorated. In front of the latter was
erected a handsome stand, from which
a flag was presented to the Dickinson
Light Guards. Later in the evening.
THE cko D,
at an ear ly hour, began to arrive from
the country by various means of Con
veyance on foot, on horseback, by
carriages, and buggies, and wagons.
By 10 o'clock the streets were filled,
and still they came. First, the train
from Mary ville arrived iu a crowded
condition. In the evening the train
from the same point, brought iu anoth
er large installment. At 10 o'clock
another large crowd arrived by the
Knoxville aud Ohio Road. Still later
the numbers were augmented by hun
dreds, who arrived from the East aud
the West over the East Tennessee, Vir
ginia and Georgia Railroad. Soon af
ter dinner, the people living in town
turned out so that by 4:30 o'clock in
the evening, the hour set for the pre
sentation of the flag to the Dickinson
Light Guards, Gayjstreet was a mov
ing muss of humanity for mapy squares,
so if one moved at all, he must take
the middle of the street aud then take
the chance of being well squeezed at
thut. We have been attending Fourth
of July celebrations in Kuoxville for a
great many years, aud the crowd yes
terday was larger by far, than any we
have ever seen here on such an occa
sion. THK SPIRIT WHICH PREVAILED.
The spirit which prevailed every
where was admiiable. Not word
was uttered lo wound the feelings of
any oue. The boys who wore the
blue, and they who wore the grey,
mixed and commingled together, with
out a single occurrence to mar the har
mony and pleasure of the occasion.
All seemed glad that the time has come
once more, when every man claims
an interest In the Fourth of July, and
when all can co-operate together in its
THE FLAG PKESKNTATION.
Long before four-and-a-half o'clock,
the hour appointed for the presenta
tion, Gay street, iu front of the Light
Guards' armory and the Lamar House,
was closely packed with a surging aud
impatient crowd, outskirted by nu
merous vehicles of various descrip
tions. The corrider and galleries of
the hotel were jammed aud many
found positions in the balcony and
windows of the Opera House oppo
site aud iu the windows of adjoining
As the hour arrived the Guards left
their armouy under arms in full
uniform aud headed by the German
Cornet Band proceeded down Gay and
Main streets lo the residence of Hon.
Perez Dickinson, who was escorted to
the stand, prepared in front of the
hotel, iu company with Hon. John M.
Fleming, the presentation orottor. The
new troops witli their blue coats,
black caps, red plumes, grey pants aud
tlashy epauletta presented quite a gala
day appearance. They formed In front
of the stand for dress parade, while
Mr. Dickinson und Mr. Fleming were
escorted to the stand. Among the
leading personages on the plutform, we
noticed Dr. Thus. W. Humes, Cunt.
Jas. Boyd, Capt. J is. Bell, George M.
White, Esq., Andrew Hill, James P.
Ford, Alexander McCampbell,. J. T.
Doyle, ex-Gov. Senter, Col. John
Willi ins, and others.
A ' - r the usual evolutions by the
com, .iu, Mr. Fleming stepped for
ward ..i spoke substantially as fol
Capt. Gaines, and Gentlemen of the
Dickinson Light Guards :
In behalf of this vast multitude of
these veneiable heuds that appear
among us to-day, as the revered repre
sentatives of a departing generation
of this youthful throng whose admira
tion and envy your imposing presence
seems to have so keenly excited of
that other more numerous throng that
stauds between the incoming and out
going generations ; in behalf of your
special patron on this occasion ; aud I
trust I may, without presumption,
venture to say, iu behalf of these de
corations of living beauty that adorn
the streets aud bloom along these walls
iu bewildering clusters and fill every
available outlook with their loveliness
in behalf of all these, I return your
I congratulate you thut upon the oc
casion of this patriotic festival you
have been enabled to make your formal
debut iu such manner as to command
universal admiration for your beauty
of outfit, your proficiency of drill, and
your soldierly bearing. And I am
much mistaken in the susceptibilities
of most of you, if, in the presence of
this inspiring scene, you do not now
feel that "swelling of the heart" you
never felt before.
Upon the formation of your com
pany you had the good taste to name
it iu honor of oue of Kuoxville's most
highly esteemed citizens (Mr. Perez
Dickinson), fumed for his enlightened
hospitality and liberal patronage of
whatever promises to elevate the tone
and ameliorate the condition of the
community in which he lives. In
recognitfou of jiiur uiaiktd cour
tesy, he has been pleused to
depute me to present to you a
testimonial of his consideration, in
the shape of a Company banner.
Beautiful enough is the ollVring I
bring, to speak its own praise, ami ex
pres ive enough are its designs, if for u
moment studied, to deliver their own
les-ons. Spread upon the clear blue
field is tho escutcheon of t lie United
States, upon which is emblazoned the
armorial ling the Stars and Stripes.
Embossed upon ibis shield, as if fond ly
dinging to its breast, is the coat of
arms of Tenne see, while above all,
with outspread pinions, hovers the
prouil i iiiblem nt our national genius
and authority the American eagle.
The collocation of emblems .s as sig
nificant as beautiful. While the bun
lier, Itself, Incomes the index of your
individuality as a com puny, its armo
rial beariiiKs most happily symbolize
the harmonized sovereignties of the
Stale mid Nation Tennessee peace
fully embosomed iu the Union.
.Not a great while ago, the presenta
tions of banners of this character were
accompanied with exhortations to
deeds of valor on fields of blond. Hap
pily, such is no part of my duty, to
day. Happily tor us, at home and
abioail, "grim visag'd war bus smolh'd
his wrinkl'd front,'' and the sound of
his alarum has for years beeu hushed
within our borders. There is neither
social disorder nor foreign trouble to
give martini significance to this dis
play. I rejoice that I cau only com
mend you, gentlemen, to the quiet
methods of soldier-citizens, who are
none the less their country's pride iu
the "weak piping time of peace,'' than
they are its reliance in the hours of
Aud, yet, gentlemen, you will not
luck fields oi peaceful triumphs. We
have just entered the last year of the
first century of American Indepen
dence. While we can not, hero and
now, even throw a glance back along
the track of that century, It may be
truly said of it, in view of what we see
about us, that
" 'Tis 'it's' sunset of life, give us mystical
As coming events cast their shadows be
fore." F"or even now the second century,
eager and joyous, " stands tiptoe on
the misty mountain tops," impatient
to be here. Already u most grateful
Influence is felt In the very air. Our
home atmosphere seems redolent with
patriotic and fraternal sentiment, and
even the wiuds, as they exchange vis
itations, betwixt the North aud the
South, appear as if laden with mes
sages of good will. And if the
auguries of this hour be not
strangely deceptive, we are at last en
tering upon that welcome era, when
our "cruel war," from whose shadows
we have so recently emerged, will be
thought of only as a past dream of hor
ror, w hose memory, iu the glad light
of the Ceuteuuial year, will but serve
to quicken our realization that the
American people are once more a
brotherhood of freemen. So universal
and spontaneous are the demonstra
tions of a goodly feeling, of which
this grand demonstration is but a fair
Illustration, that no powers of divina
tion are needed to foresee that ISTti is
to he, ludeed, the Nation's Year of
Tennessee, as a State, yet lacks
twenty years, or mote, of a centennial
auuiversary ; but as a people, Teunes
seeans have a history thut antedates
tue Declaration of Independence.
While the Royalists were receiving
their first practical lessons in colonial
resistance at Lexington aud Concord,
the pioneers of Tennessee were plant
ing the outposts of civilization iu the
western wilderness. While the repre
sentatives of the colonies were
preparing their great Declaration in
old Independence Hall the forerunners
of our population were encountering
a lurking and deadly foe, rescuing these
home-scenes of ours from savage do
minion, und laying the early founda
tions of our present civil structure;
and though it was not their fortune to
participate in the earlier battles of the
Revolution, yet they were enabled to
transmit to Tennessee una of this day
and of coming time, a heritage iu the
glory of King's Mountain a victory
that gave a fatal wound lo
Royal ascendancy in the Caro
Unas, and preciplled the final
surrender of the British forces at York
town. That Tennessee, with her
special interest in the memories of one
hundred years ago, will be fully re
sponsive to the patriotic intluences of
the passing time, is already sunlciently
evident: aud I doubt not, gentlemen,
that you fully share the sentiment of
reconciliation and fraternity, that now
seems to pervade all classes, in all sec
tions. It is expected that at the Cen
tennial Exhibition, at Philadelphia,
the material products and resources of
Tenuessee will be well represented.
Let us indulge the hope also, gentle
men, that in that grand pageant which,
on the next 4th of July, iu the "City
of Brotherly Love," is to signalize, at
oue and the same hour, the birth of
American Independence and the
restoration of American Brotherhood,
the bright blue banner of the Dickin
son Light Guard will be there to tell
in whut part of the great procession,
the citizen-soldiery of Knoxville are
It has beeu beautifully said by oue of
Fugland'sBweetest writers, ( with whom
just now I am sure you will corrcur)
that F'atherTime is not always a hard
parent ; and though he tarries for none
of his children, kol'teu lays his hand
lightly upon those who have used him
well; making them old 'men aud
women Inexorably enough, nut leaving
their hearts young aud iu full vigor.
To such people (turning to Mr,
Dickinson) the grey head is hut
the impression of the old fellow's
hand iu giving them a blessing
and every wrinkle Is but
a quiet notch lu the calendar of a well-
spent life. Nothing more need I say.
'1 lie name you have chosen ) your
designation and which Is inscribed
upon your banner is one that will com
port with every honorable aspiration
that may animate your hearts ; and, iu
that behalf, I deliver to you this beau
tiful ensign trr full confidence that Its
honor will be secure in your knightly
And. now, sir (to Captain Gaines),
with the prayer of the Moravian Nun
to the gallant Pulaski :
Take thy banner! May it wave
Proudly o'er the good and brave.'1
At the close of Mr. Fleming's ad
dress, Capt. Ambrose Gaines arose and
irr a few neat and appropriate remarks
In the name of the company, thanked
the mnguttnlmous donor for his beau
tiful gift and expressed the hope that
they who received it might ever bear
ii nobly and with honor at their front.
The Color Guard, consisting of
Mes-rs. Gaines Bearden, John Wil
liams, Jr., npd F'rank Bearden, then
advanced to the front where the colors
were received by Mr. Williams, stand
ard bearer, in a very neat and appro
priate speech. He again returned the
company's thanks, and pledged that
the glorious banner should ever be
borne aloft In honor aud never stoop
to trail, dishonored In t lie dust. He
refercd eloqueutly to the proud old
volunteer State, who had never failed
at her country's call with her bright
galaxy of statesmen and warriors and
The flag Is a large silk banner with
blue field bearing the escutcheon of
the United States, crossed by the arms
of Tennessee. Above the escutcheon
rests the American Eagle, and below
the words " Dickinson Light Guards,
Kuoxville, Tenn." in letters of gold.
It is iu every way a piece of rueehan
isti well worthy both of the receivers
aud the noble hearted donor.
At ihe close of the presentation cere
monies the procession formed with the
City Police and Dickinson Light
Guards in frout. The next place was
assigued to Invited guests consisting of
citizens aud strangers In carriages aud
on horseback. These were followed
by that highly honorable body of
soldiers, the " Ancient Artillery aud
Heavy Scouts." The many comicali
ties aud striking hits were too numer
ous to admit of a detailed description.
Adjutuut Geuerul Hugh Martin, of
the popular wholesale grocery house
of Collin, Martin & Co.,displayed com
mendable energy iu the get up of the
company and especially iu the capari
soning of his mettlesome mule steed
which he bestrode with the air of a
gallant knight in full uniform. Col.
Tom Rodgersbore aloft the " S ord of
Bunker Hill," which must have been
a terror indeed to the Britishers of '7o,
for that the blade is genuine we heard
never a doubt expressed. Private Tom
Caldwell, the gentle youth who has
seen service on Market Square and
other fields, rode leisurely in an open
carriage, armed with a musket, which
he had picked up at King's Mountain
after the famous -rout of the British
General F'erguson, by Ihe Watauga
riflemen. The Saltpeter squad under
command of Major Cowan, appeared
to be both a useful and ornamental ad
junct to the company.
Next came the Fire Department,
consisting of companies No. 1, 2, 3 and
4, and the Hook and Ladder Company,
with eugiue aud hose carriages draped
in evergreens aud flags.
The liue of march was up Gay street
to Cumberland, dow n Cumberland to
Walnut, Walnut to Church, Church to
Locust, Locust to Asylum, Asvlum to
Walnut, Walnut to Unioc, Union to
Market, Market to Asylum aud Gay at
Water, corner Gay to Main, Main to
Female Institute grounds, where a
beautifully decorated stand had been
erected for the reading of the Declara
tion and addresses. The exercises were
opened here by prayer from Dr.
Humes. Mnyor'stauh then introduced
Hon. O. P. Temple, who read the old
time-honored document of the Declar
ation with peculiar emphasis nod
power. Wesawa jolly, good Eugli
man open his eyes. He had been -quiring
ull day what the Fourtu ..i
July meant, aud had failed until then
to get a very satisfactory answer. But
our kind English frieuds must remem
ber that though we talked rather
roughly about King George a hundred
years ugo we are now on very good
terms with Queen Vic and propose
that she shall come over und see our
big show next summer.
The address by Alfred Caldwell,
Esq., wps the most happy effort of the
duy. Owing to the lateness of the
hour he made his remarks brief. He
eulogized in fitting terms the patriot
signers of the Declaration and then
spoke of the country's ordeal of late so
safely passed through. He saw, in the
tendency of the present, ausjiicious
tokens for the future in the healing of
wounds so long lacerated and bleeding.
As ten summers have spread the green
grass above the dead heroes of both
sections aud as the snows of ten win
ters have sifted softly down like a si
lent charity to cover their last resting
place so let the unpleasantness of their
strife be forgotteu. We now look for
ward to one common heritage und a
common country. They who wore
the grey claim the same right to honor
this noble day aud it glorious declara
tion, alike with those who wore the
blue. The sentiments were received
by a hearty cheer of approval from all
present. We very much regret that
we cau not print Mr. Caldwell's speech
in full. It is surely a satisfaction to
the true patriot to know thut the time
is not far distant when every Ameri
cou citizen cau say from his heart of
hearts this is my flag, this is my
After the address the Guards aud
Turn Vereiu Baud uiarhed to the res
idence of Mr. Dickinson, where they
were teudered a handsome reception
after the proprietor's customary felici
At eighth o'clock, from five to six
thousand persons assembled on Gay
street, between Asylum and Union to
witne.-s the fireworks, which wus the
grandest display we have ever wit
nessed In the city. The street, the
open space north of Woodruff 4 Co.'s
hardware store, and the house) tops)
were covered over with men, women
and children. The Knoxville Turn
Vereln Band was present and furnished
excellent music for the occasion.
Previous to the display of fireworks
a number of balloon ascensions took
place. Then followed a miscellaneous
discharge rf rockets, roman candles,
Ac, with the following pieces:
1. Piece 177U aud three Tricolored
2. One Floral Bomb Shell, two lbs.
Three large Vertical Wheels.
3. One Mexican Sun, Three Floral
Bombs, two pounds.
4. Three Saxon Wheels, one Mag
nificent United Diamond.
5. Three Vertical Wheels.
(i. Three Hong Kong double trian
gles, Eight ball Roman batteries.
7. Three Large Vertical Wheels, six
8. Polka Dance of the o'deu times,
three Eight Ball Batteries.
9. Three Sebnstopol Triangles.
10. One Tremendous Thunder
Wheel, two Vertical Wheels, one
Large Floral Bomb.
11. Three Flight Ball Batteries.
12. One American ICagle from Bunk
er Hill, two F'loral Bombs, No. 2, one
111. Three Kaluka Wheels, (Saxon).
14, Granger Chieftain exercising his
Plow, Colored Bengal F'ire.
15. Two Union batteries, Three Sax
Some of these pieces, in fact we may
say all of them were very line and
were received with deafening rounds
This part of the programme was
superintended by Messrs. Jas. D.
Cowan, E. S. Sheppardand E. J. San
ford, who did their part well. The
first named gentleman has taken an
active interest iu the fireworks, and to
his zeal and liberality, we owe much
for the grand success of the occasion.
At 9 o'clock, the display being over,
tiie vast crowd broke up, our cily peo
ple retiring to their homes weary with
the day's excitement, but all feeling,
well pleased with its success. Our
country friends residing along the lines
of the railroads and iu the vicinity,
returned to their homes. They sacri
ficed time and made no little exertion
to attend and with us celebrate our
Natal Day. F'or all this we thank
them and have no doubt they feel fully
repaid by the patriotic manifestations
The remarkably good order which
prevailed on the streets yesterday, was
the subject of general remark. We
saw a few men intoxicated, but the
number was not half so large as we
have seen on similar occasions.
All In all it was a most successful
celebration, and one that will long be
Tbe Ray ( lliHimiioogn.
Special Dispatch to the Daily Chroniole
Chattanoooa, July 5, 1875.
Many houses In Chattanooga were
handsomely decorated. A large num
ber of strangers were preseut and par
ticipated in the celebration to-day.
At davlight a national salute was
fired. After this the "horribles,"
numbering about one hundred masked
men, paraded the streets aud amused
themselves and others by making a
At teu o'clock a procession was
formed and paraded the principle
streets. The processiou consisted of
three brass bands, one company
of United States troops, two wagons
handsomely decorated and tilled with
young girls, representing the thirty
seven States in the Union ; citizens la
carriages; the German Turn Vereln;
ii li'i'if dis lav of mechanical indus
ti irs ; cnlmvil Muttons and colored Odd
Fellows. Ii was one mile nnd a-balf
lung. The procession moved to the
Fuir Grounds, where there were horse
races and contests between the fire
companies, &v. The programme, which
was published iu the 27mM,was mostly
mow. io speaaing. nre worm
ihe Iay Klsewhere.
New York, July 5. To-day is one
of general celebration here. Much fir
ing was indulged in yesterday, when
there were a number of accidents, as
there will be to-day.
Washington, July 5. The town ia
deserted, and there is no organized cel
ebration TELEGRAPHIC SUMMARY.
New York, June 21). Joseph Loader,
who mailt) affidavit, stating that he had
seen impropor familiarities between Kev.
II. W. Heecber and Mrs.Tilton, at the resi
dence of the latter, in the year 1809, was
arrested last night on a warrant, based on
a complaint made- by Col. Henry Barton
lleechor, supported by affidavits containing
the written confession of Jno. J. Price, his
l'rice appeared as a witness against
Loader, making affidavit that he did not
know him previous to 1872, and knew
nothing about Tilton's house until recently.
Uo said Loader told him that "now would
be good time to make some money."
Judge Morris appeared for Louder, and
Messrs. Tracy and Hill for the complain
ant. Judge itiloy ordered both Loader sod
Price to be lockod up for examination.
.Seven persons have been poisoned by
eating pickles containing copperas. One
will probably dio.
The Grand Jury in the Court of Gensral
.SesKions presented tix new indictments
against Wm. 31. Tweed, Peter B. Sweeney,
li. A. Woodward and others. They have
not yet been arrested, tiaid new indict
rucuts are for obtaining money by false
pretences from the City Treasury. Tbe
amount involved is 1000,000.
Brooklyn, July 2. At 11:17 a. m., tha
jury came into the court room, which was
densely crowded, and stated that they were
unable to agree, when they wore discharg
ed. The jury stood nine for acquittal and
three for conviction.