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title: 'Knoxville Whig and chronicle. (Knoxville, Tenn.) 1875-1882, August 18, 1875, Page 4, Image 4',
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Jlnotbillc Mtthh S&ljwj ant) Chronicle : (ftlctmcstinn, 3tuciust 18, 1873.
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Kaomvllle Whli t'tnl,ILhri ln:t.
iaoxvllKM hrnl-l r.llllhrd IH70,
PCRt.lHIIRn BT Tll
WfflQ AND CHRONICLE COMPANY.
WM. G. EROWXLOW, rriwipal Editor
l AT. RULE, Mnnarjinci Editnr.
TKKMN OF ftl'HSCRIPTIOJC.
One copy, one year,....
Oae copy, six months
Two oiie, one year
Twenty mines, nne yetir
$ 2 on
3 ) UU
WEDNESDAY, AUii IS, 1S75.
H. V. K., of the Cincinnati
Commrrcinr, comes to the front anil
nominates Col. A. S. Colyar as Senator
Johnson s successor.
Only about Ave thoii-.and people
turn out to tlie funeral of an Kx-l'resi
dent, liut the Hilifvluir snectacle of h
ronvieted murderer swinging from the
gallon- attracts ten thousand per
sons to the spot.
Mr. H. T. Helmbold, the Napo
leon advertiser of the world, has ar
rived in Boston after an absence of
three aud a half yearn, and will resume
business with renewed energy, ns his
appearance and health indicates.
The Memplris Appeal suggests
as a proper man to take charge of the
nlale .Normal school, jlaj. Anderson,
late Principal of the High School for
boys in that city. It says lie has all
me requirements or scholarly ability
As the canvass in Ohio nro-
cresses and the Democrats with their
double dealing policy are driven to the
wan lu tlie discussions incident there
to, they are becoming restless and tie
sire to raise new issues. Not being able
to go before the people on the issues as
made up between the parties, they are
raising occasionally a faiut cry about
We note no new developments
on the .Senatorial question. Our Nash
ville cotemporaries seem to be as liruor
ant of what is going on as the rest of
us. Gov. 1'orter appears to be taking
the matter very cooly, and will in his
own good time make tJme one of the
three score-aud-teu aspirants happy.
We can afford to wait as we well know
there is no danger of the appointment
being forced upon us.
A negro man, charged witli the
murder of Mrs. Jarrett iu Rutherford
county some time ago, the particulars
of which are freh in the minds of our
reader, wag taken from the jail at
Murfreesboro' Thursday night, by
more than one hundred men, and
hanged. The enforcement of mob law
is becoming fearfully frequent in our
State. Something must be done to
prevent it and harsh measures may be
Mr. Henry W. Ililliard, of Atlanta,
Gan has written a review of the life
ot Andrew Johnson, which we find
published in the New York Tribune,
in which he takes occasion to avow
his attachment to the hateful heresy
of "State Rights." He finds fault
with ilr. Johnson for his course at the
commencement of the war, when he
favored " coercion," and says :
"No man is more attached to the Union
of the States than I am ; I rejoice that the
whole country rests under the sanctity of
the Constitution, and is protected by the
flag of the Republic, but that a Federal
Government composed of coequal States
may be maintained by military force, is a
proposition in such direct conflict with the
nature of our free system that I trust no
exigency will ever again arise to make it
necessary to assert it."
Here we have the germ of secession
in the same form as we found it pre
vious to 18 (JO.
In 18C1, when South Carolina
and other rebellious States, under
the leadership of Jeff. Davis,
Toombs, Rhett, Yancey and
others, were going oir in their mad
Bchenie of secession, we were gravely
told that the Government had no
power to coerce a " sovereign State."
We said that the Government did
have such power, and subsequent
events proved the truth of our asser
tion. It cost a great many lives and a
good deal of money to do it. hut
was done, and the Southern Confed
eracy is a thing of the past. We had
Loped that we would hear no more
about States Rights, as it was then
understood, but we fear we were mis
taken. There are hot-headed politi
cians in the country who would be
willing to go to war again on their pet
theory of State sovereignty, if they
could see any hope of success. They
are looking to the success of the Dem.
ocratic party, which event they think
will restore the question of States
Eights to our politics, in all its former
Toombs and Jeff Davis are not the
only men who are groping amid the
ruins or the Southern Confederal
lor a firebrand with which to "fire tl
Southern heart," and revive issues
which the war ought to have settled.
THE NORTH CAROLINA ELEC
The following from a prominent and
reliable citizen of North Carolina
whom we have known for forty years,
will show something of the significance
of the election in that State, where
the Republicans have madesuch iiu
mense gains :
Governor Ilrownlow :
Dear Sir The late contest in North Car
olina, fought upon the Convention question
Democrats favoring and republicans op
posing hus resulted gloriously in fnvur of
the Utter party, aficr tho severest battle
that I have over witnessed and taken part
in, since 18-10, although, so to speak, I have
taken part on many blooly fields with se
cession democracy. It is conceded bv all
thut this victory will decide the position of
the State in 1870, and, 1 think, it will. In
deed, llepublicans here consider tho late
contest the beginning of that canvass, and
the first skirmish with tho enemy, in which
he was badly defeated. Demoralized as he
is, leaders confounded, ranks scattered, and
deserters flocking to our side. The cause
of Democracy is hopeless in this State for
many years to come: while llepublicans are
jubilant, confident, determined, and full of
courage. The first State to vole in 1ST0 is
North Carolina, and therefore, success here
is most important, and may turn the scale
and secure tho election of a Republican
candidate to fill the Presidential chair.
This should not be lost sight of by our
friends in other States, and by the leaders
at Washington. If nothing occurs to dis
tract our party, we will certainly ngain
elect a Republican President, and so pro
foundly engraft the party principles and
policy in the administration of the Govern
ment, that tbo people thereafter will not
desire them changed.
Poor old D. H. Hill seems to have subsi
ded into the nothingness, for which nature
designed him. The Chronicle hus laid
him low. Trulv Vours.
1 ArtE WE A NATION? '
Under this caption the New York
Tribune, of August 13th, discusses the
lucstion of State Sovereignty taking
for its text certain remarks attributed
to Hon. Jas. B. Beck, of Kentucky.
That gentleman is reported as saying :
"Yes, gentlemen, there is that contempti
ble word nation a word which no good
Democrat uses when he can find any other,
and, when forced to use it, utters in disgust.
This is no nation. We are free and inde
Now if "good Democrats" all
regard the word "nation" as con
temptible if that is the test of "good"
Democracy, we would like to know it,
We have too much confidence in the
good sense and patriotism of Demo-
cratic masses, in East Tennessee es
pecially, to believe that they look up
on this qustion as Gen. Beck evident
ly does. If the principles of Mr. Beck
are to prevail, then the late war was
a failure. If this is " no nation," then
the four years of terrible war were all
to no purpose. Any State may with
draw from the Union nt will, and our
government is really not worth pre
serving. We regret exceedingly to see this
luestion coming up again in our pol
itics. It augurs no good for the fu
ture. It is a dangerous heresy nnd
will at some time in the future give
us trouble. In discussing it, we do
not feel that we are speaking of a
thing upon which all who were Union
men during the war shall be on one
side and all who were rebels on the
other. We believe that thousands of
men in the South, who were Seces
sionists, arc not in sympathy with Mr.
Beck's views as above expressed.
They believe that the Federal author
ity is powerful enough and extensive
enough to protect the Government
from disintegration, such as might
happen at any time if Mr. Beck's
views are correct. We may as well
prepare to meet this question as lead
ing Democrats are determined to
force it upon the country.
Is connection with the vacant scat
in tho United States Senate we have
heard the name of S. D. Morgan, of
Nashville, mentioned. Ho is one of
the most successful, clear headed bus
iness men of the State, and his long
experience in business matters, it is
claimed, peculiarly fits him for a posi
tion in the highest legislative body
in our country. These claims are by
no means unreasonable. It is a well
known fact that the number of first
class business men in our legislative
assemblies, is altogether too small.
When questions of finance are to be
discussed and acted uion. sound
udgincnt would say that men who
have had experience in financial mat
ters bhould bo selected. Mr. Morgan
s that kind of a man, ami his friends
believe lie would fill a seat in tho
Senate with credit to himself and his
If our opinion had been the oppo
site of that wo have heretoforo ex
pressed, the scenes which disgraced
our town on Firday would have con
vinced us that public executions arc
demoralizing and disgraceful to civi
Every thoughtful nn i w -rit'i,.a.
ed the spectacle of John ' i..-i;it;
nauieci to tncgaiiows, ue i . . an easier
multitude of men, women and children
of all ages, sexes, colors and condi
tions, animated by no other motive
than an unaccountable morbid curios-
it-, must agree with us that the infill
once of the day was evil and only evil,
Tho idea that that spectacle will
inspire the low nnd vicious with a
wholesome fear of punishment that
will in the future restrain them from
committing murder and other kindred
crimes, is, to our mind, absolutely pre
In fact it was a gala day, with
drums beating, colors flying, accom
panied with general demonstrations
more like, a 4th of July celebration
than an execution under tho solemn
forms of the law.
Men were present with their wives
and children, who live more than a
day's journey from Knoxville. They
will lose three days in coming and
going, and their families are and have
been and will continue to live almost
destitute of the necessities of life.
They will complain of their hard lot
in life, and yet they find time to spend
three days to witness a miserable
wretch swing into eternity from the
We trust we may never again have
occasion to witness such a spectacle
as that of yesterday. We trust that
men will obey the laws, and that there
will be no occasion again to enforce
the extreme penalty provided for the
commission of murder. If the law is
violated, let it be vigorously enforced
as it was in the case of John Webb,
but in the name of civilization we
protest against public executions.
Though in some respects the weath
er has been unfavorable it is safe now
assume that the harvests in the South,
already gathered or to be gathered,
are bountiful. Cotton, sugar, corn,
and wheat will bo abundant and witli
economy and industry our people can
start the Centennial -ear under most
favorable auspices. Tho present is a
favorable opportunity to urge upon
our agricultural interests the impor
tance of economy and industry. The
whole South is dependent upon the
farms for its wealth. We have com
paratively no manufacturing indus
tries to add to our wealth. We haye
but few mines opened to swell the sum
of our yearly products. What we dig
from tho soil is all we produce all
that adds to our riches. For
years our crops have been
inferior and our agricultural
interests crippled. One good harvest
can do but little more than pay ofTold
scores and start us with better pros
pects on a new year. Those who look
to printed paper money to add to our
wealth or lessen the burdens of the
producer are far oil tho track. What
wo need in the South is greater indus
try, fewer idle, able bodied loafers
about towns, railway stations and
groceries. Work, work and more
cotton, com and wheat to sell will
make us rich and nothing else can.
The time to begin for tho Centennial
harvests is near at hand. Tho boun
tiful yields of this year should en
courage our people to cultivate more
thoroughly their land, and then tho
way to prosperity is open.
HOW TO PREVENT CRIME.
Tho idea that crime can be prevent
ed by the punishment of criminals is
a mistaken one. This is necessary,
but this alone will not keep men from
the commission of crime. He who
supposes that tho hanging of John
Webb, or Berry, or Iloneycutt, will
prevent murder in our country during
the present generation, will, we fear,
find thcmsclves'mistakcn. There is
something of far. greater importance
in the prevention of crime than the
hangman's gallows, or a cell in tho
penitentiary, or tho county jails. If
wo would prevent crime, wo must
prevent the boy from becoming a
felon. John Webb was not born a
murderer. It lie had been surrounded
in his boyhood with proper Influences,
instead of filling a felon's grave, he
might bo living to-day, a useful citu
zen of tho country. It was his asso
ciations and surroundings thut devel
oped tho worst traits of character and
led hiui to tho commission, of a ter
rible crimo for which ho suffered the
cxtremo penalty of the law. The
chances are ten to one, if ho had had
the benefits of a liberal common
school education in his early youth
his history would have been entirely
dillcrent from what it is.
1 ho executions of tho past week
wan tneir attending circumstances
mortifying in the highest- degreo to
thoughtful men, who are proud of ou
State, are strong arguments in behal
of a liberal free school system. They
not only appeal to our humanity, but
they appeal to us as good citizens
interested in tho future prosperity
of the State.
The cost direct and indirect, of ar
resting, convicting and exceutin
tiuim ueoo, was suineient to main
tain free schools in Knox county for
a whole year. This may on first im
prcssion appear extravagant, but it is
true, and if called upon we will demon
strate the correctness of our assertion
by giving facts and figures. This
being true, is it better to spend the
money in keeping up schools and pro
venting boys from becoming murder
ers and thieves, or on the other hand
allow them to grow up in vice and
;norance, and when they nrnvo at
the ago of manhood, to hang or con
fine them in the penetentiary, to rid
society of their evil influence ? We
need not ask such a question. Every
one will agree that it is cheaper and
more humane to prevent crime by cd
ucating the boy than hanging the
man, yet we do not show to the world
that such arc our views.
IS IT COPELAND OR WARREN?
I lie ( arrrr of H Younir Mini III Knox-
W Imls I J. si .Mht Willi h Mini of
Tiir nnd feathers.
Fora Daily Chronicle August 17 J
About the last Of May of this year,
when the (lowers were blooming, the
birds singing, and nature was assum
ing her loveliest attire, a handsome
young man handsomely dressed
dropped into Knoxville, tioone hardly
knew from where. He was a good
looking fellow and but for his inordi
nate egotism, would we think have
made a favorable impression generally.
tins trait in his character caused him
to assume airs of superiority, and
whatever else tuny bo mid of him, we
have never heard it charged that he
failed to give himseir full credit for all
he knew. He said Ids name was
LUCIUS F. COPELAND.
He presented credentials as a local
minister in the Methodist Episcopal
Church signed by lie v. Dr. Hul.hard,
of New Yor, and exhibited letters
racommeuding him as a gentleman of
good morals signed by a number of
well known gentlemen, among whom
was Oeneral Clinton B. Fisk, of St.
Louis. He also produced his
Or certificate of removal, of which the
following Is a copy :
CERTIFICATE OF REMOVAL.
Centbal New York Conference, )
Geneva District, L
East Marion, March 10th, lbTo. J
This certifies that the bearer, Itev.
Lucius F. Copelaud, has been an ac
ceptable member of the Methodist
Episcopal Church iu thin place.
Signed W. A. Ely, Pastor.
This he showed to Kev. J. F. Gold
mau, Pastorof the First M. K. Church
iu this place, who, however, never en
rolled his name as a member of his
charge. By his energy, activity, and
we may say ability.he soon Ingratiated
himself luto the good graces of a large
proportion of that congregation and
was invited and did preach in the
chuieh. He also preached once in the
Second M. E. Church, in Northwest
He soon displayed bis versatility of
laicm, uy claiming to ue a lawyer, ami
applied for license to practice law, uud
upon examination was found "duly
qualified," and received license to
practice in our courts. He made sev
eral attempts to form a partnership
with a number of ourresidsnt lawyers,
but failing to do this, he went into the
olHce of Attorney General Williams
and " hung out his shingle."
He next turned up as a regular re
porter for the Chicago Timet, and oth
er napers, and in this capacity he visi
ted Greeueviile and was quite active in
reporting the death and funeral ofEx
Presideut Johnson. In thin cnniw.it.r
Lhe assumed great superiority again and
cviueuuy regarded ordinary newspa
per men as mere pigmies when com
pared with himself.
" JACK OK ALL TRADES."
In addition to all his other accom
plishments he was a Bunday Kchool
man, a Temperance Lecturer, a " beau
tiful " singer. His dress was in style
and faultless, and he no doubt took
some pride in his personal make up.
Things went on swimmingly for
awhile, butsoon suspicious circumstan
ces began to present themselves.
CHARLES W. WARREN.
He called at the Postofflce and re
quested the officials that if any mail
came addressed to " Charles W. War
ren" to put the same in his box, as he
had a client of that name. This re
quest was compiled with, and numbers
of Charles W. Warren's letters were
delivered to Rev. Lucius F. Copeland,
Esq., Attorney at Law and Holieitor
iu Chancery. In the meantime, he
had rented. box i!74 iu the Post office,
and his mail was placed in that.
About this time, J udge Andrews, U.S.
District Attorney received the follow'
lug mysterious letter !
Geneva, N. Y., Aug. 0th, 1875.
To U. &'. LHslrirt AUornru ;
DkarHir Will you please Inform
me wlmther Mr. C. W. Warren Is iu
Knoxville at Presant? He wrote me
sometime ago, saying his office of bus
iness whs in with jours. Ifyoii will
ati-wer you will conrer a kindness up-
i i . . , ....
mi in- l is. ns. iiinmv, fc oblige,
i ours, very lespeetrully,
Miss M. Di'.rkrick,
Geneva, N. Y.
l . S. He lias received fits mail iu
eatu of Hox 74
Judge Andrews replied that bo find
never ileum ot such a person as C. W,
Warren, hut if she Would send a dp.
scription of him he would try to flud
out something about him. He has
not Had time yet to receive a reply
STIRRING HIM UP.
While at Greeueviile writing
up the funeral obsequies, be got Into
tiouuie wiin (Samuel W. Small.
of the Atlanta Constitution, and
In a few days that paper called
attention to t lie exploits of a man
who hail tiaveled and preached In a
half dozen States, under fifteen differ
ent aliases and inquired if he might
in" oe me man.
The Chattanooga Times called atten
tion to the matter. When this came to
L,opelund's ears he manifested some
uneasiness, but tried a trameof hliill'on
me vonsarution, anil demanded a cor
rection or retraction. The Atlanta pa
per did neither, and thing9 began to
A THUNDER CLAI
On Sunday morniinr the Prcxx rinil
JJcratduf this city reproduced from the
nanimore uazclte tlie above alluded
to, but without iu any way connecting
it with our Mr. Copeland. Some people
Wondered whv Ihn 1'rrna nnrl ltrr,.l,l
gave so niueii space to an apparently
unimportant matter to our dpohIm.
Hut soon it became noised about that
tlie Kev. Mr. Copeland, Esq., of Knox
ville, bore a remarkable resemblance
to the man alluded to in the Baltimore
Oazctte. It spread and gathered vol
ume as it, weut, so that hv 12 o'clock
everyoouy was lallciug about it.
Soon Mr. CVmeland was intervieweil
uuu uaiieu upon 10 explain, lie nian-
nesieu a griet tliat was painful to lie.
hold, and with tears in his eves said
that the scaudal referred to was too
true, but that his brother was the
guilty man. This appeared well
enough, and if his brother had been
such a Lad man it was wronir to hnlil
uiui responsible lor deeds be bad never
been guilty or. But when called
upon to explain the Charles W. War
reu matter, he failed to do it satisfac
torily. He said that he had onlv re.
ceived the letters and forwarded them
to his brother. Hut unfortunately for
his story, he bad stated some days pre
vious to this that his bad brother had
committed suicide a year or two ago.
jib inane several attempts at explana
tion yesterday and ou Hundav, but
none of them were satisfactory. Ou
EVIDENCE OF HIS CiUILT
Seemed to accumulate. He had hud
conversations with a number of our
citizens, and it was gathered from one
and another that he had been at nil
me points mentioned in the Baltimore
(iazcttc's article. The more he tried
to explain the worse he got matters
mixed. Whether he was thn
who bad been W. E. Copeland, of
Massachusetts, Itev. C. W. Warren, of
Wilmington. N. C. Itev. WW iw.
ton, of Canton, Mississippi, or C. W.
Copelaud, the forger at Milwaukee,
Wisconsin, or the Kev. Epuphroditus
W. Simmons, of Memphis, or the
Kev. Lucius F. Horton, of Pennsyl
vania, he soon convinced some of our
people that he was an adent. in tollimr
different stories about the same thing.
He did it apparently without auy
prospect of making anything by it.
Several things leaked out during yes
terday Which onlv Continued i.nhlin
opinion against him.
Upon inquiry at his boardimr house
we learned that when lie first came to
Knoxville he had destroyed quite a
number of letters, and perhaps other
papers. He also destroyed a num-
er of papers in his room nn
Sunday night. However, he
makes a statement about this matter
wnieu we give below:
CARD FROM MR. COPELAND.
A good deal of excitement concern-
ng certain statements iu an nriinio
which annears in the Prrux nnrl
aid of 15th inst., and which an active
coierte or enemies have tl iireniiu
sought to fasten upon me, calls for a
card from me in relation to the mat
And first, I will say that the article
U question most umiuestionahlv Hiy
uot refer to a siuirle individnul hurt
ul i, uowever, uoes rerer to a talented
but erratic brotiier of mine, .who did
in Milwaukee, New England, North'
,.f 1. 1 i " . . ' f
i.arouna, and Mississippi, do the
things charged upon him. I have
striven in the spirit of a true brother-
iioou, in connection with my other
uiwiueiH, io cover up bis evu conduct.
The article does not contain a single aN
lusiou to any act of mine.
Mrs. Marshall wife of a minister here,
who knew my brother and of hit. i,..i
conduct, yesterday in the presence of
uer uusoauu, mr. v. m. Thomson, and
myself, declared positively that I was
not the man though resembling tln.
This would be true of any others, if
llinn ..nl.A t I.. I . " . '
nir.jr miunc iruiy, wno anew bis ruce.
Mr. Morton, who is referred to iu an
a'tlcle iu the Age of last evening, as
having recognized me as being In Bal
timore during the Sunday School Con
vention, I understand, nays distinctly
that he does not recognize as stated,
but if he did so state, he was mistaken.
I was not in Baltimore at that time
and cau prove it.
The Aye says I " burned private
letter-." That is not true, and is
the offspring of malicious surmise. I
see the Aye states that I came too late
with my card to their office. The
Age could have published my card had
they chosen, but they did not choose.
They say I pretended to act fortheNew
York Jlcruld and Chicago Timet at
Greeueviile. I am an accredited cor
respondent of both papers aud have
the proof. I have never pretended to
be other thau I am. A word ad to the
outrageous treatment I have received
in this matter, aud I close. I believed
the people ot Knoxville fair-minded
and Just, some have been but too many
the reverse. I have been deuounced as
a sharper, a fraud, etc., etc., without a
hearing. In the name of fair piny I
protest. I most certainly shall clear
this matter up, and have o nly toask a
suspension or Judgment until my side
is heard before I am outlawed.
Two points are intimated to me at
this moment by a friend, as to be no
ticed in this Issue. First, some man
here says I am the mau who preached
in Canton, Mississippi, and that he
heard me. If anyone so states it is a
mistake; though likeness of brothers,
I am not the man. Second, that a
collar was fouuil with Warren marked
on It lu my room. The Warrens of
New York are my cousins and friends.
A collar and one or two other pieces of
D. (uot C.) Warren's was changed for
mine when at David Warren's house
last March. They were not my size,
and I threw , them away. My
relationship to this family
constitute much of the trouble
In t..U matter. C. W. Warren is a
cousin, and my brother took his name.
The matter of correspondence directed
to my care under that name, related
exclusively to my poor brother's fol
liesyand was done as it was to try and
recover money, which lie carried away
unlawfully, from the vile woman who
leeched it from hiru. One word aud I
am done. My brother was not the
Baltimore man ; who he was I know
not. My brother died bv his own
band: and all this confession, wrunir
from a brother's heart broken with grief
for his errors, I charge upon the malice
which has not cared for private griefs
nor been just in extortinir them. I
came to Knoxville as a gentleman, and
nave been a gentleman among you, as
I believe. I ask for fair rdav.
L. F. Copeland.
There was a Rood deal of excitement
on the streets yesterday, growing out
of this matter, aud it was feared at one
time that violence would grow of it.
Much of this grew out of the fact, that
he was engaged to be married to an es
timable young lady of this city.
tarred and feathered.
Since writing the above Coneland
was passing down Gay street last night
to the Atkin House, aud when passing
in front of Holdren's erocerv. he was
set upon by about twenty-iive young
men when one of them knocked hiru
down and he was treated to a coat of
tar and feathers. Excent a slie-ht
cut on the head he escaped unhurt,
but was iu a sad plight. He went
down to the Atkin House where he
was refused admission to tlie rooms.
and was allowed to go into the depot
wueie no wasueu uimseii anu we sup
pose left on the Eastern bound train
this morning. We regret that any
violence should have been shown him,
for, as we have said often before, we
are opposed to mob law under auy cir
cumstauces. We publish his card
above because we are willing he shall
be heard, and not becausewe have auv
evidence that what he states is true.
The Northwestern Crops.
The harvest in Wisconsin. Minneso
ta, Michigan, Nebraska. Dakota. North
ern Iowa aud Northern Illinois has
been rapidly advancing during the last
two weeks, and it can be said without
exaggeration that the weather has been
unexpectedly favorable. There have
been some rain and hailstorms, some
small tornadoes, but the general result
nas been uecidediy good. The weath
er has generally been very cool, and no
small portion of the time cloudy ; that
is considered very -favorable to the
farmers, because, as an experienced
person said to us, at least one-third
more labor can be obtained out of the
harvesters iu cool than in very hot
weather. Those who have moved wv
hay in a close barn, or beeu under a
burning sua in a harvest field, when
the mercury marked flo or 100 in th
shade, can readily understand how
mucu more worK can be accomplished
In the country in a eiven number nf
days when the weather is cool and
bracing. We therefore think that the
last two weeks in the harvest field have
beeu as good as ordinarily two wopI
and a half. Give the farmers of the
Northwest ten days more of favorable
weather, and the bulk of the wheat will
have beeu secured in excellent condi
tion, and in such quantities as were
never known before in the history of
thiscountry. Of course everything de-
jeuds upon tlie weather for the uext
While other portions of the fionnt rv
are being desolated with Hoods, so that.
in some sections oi me union every
product that the farmer rais Ima I
destroyed, here almost every product
promises au abundant viehl Ti.a
chinch bug has committed some rava
ges iu Wisconsin, but we think insig
nificant, when comnared with thmrtn.
eral result in the State. Railroad men
are in great jubilee over the promise of
the crops, as they think it portends un
usual earnings aud possible divideuds.
Condition of the Canadian Crops.
The wheat crops of Canada has suf
fered from the severity of the winter
but on thp whole the quality is said to
be good, and the total yield, although
below the average, will be much larg
er than was expected. Spring wheat
will be above the average to a quite
heavy per cent. Corn lias a most
promising appearance, and the return
per acre will be fully up to, if not above
the yield of the last ten years. The
acreage of this crop is very large. Oats
barley and peas have a healthy look!
and the yield per acre Is entirely satis-
ft?1?1? 'r,,ere U1" leen a partial
blignt In the pea crop, but not to such
au extent as to alarm thecultlvatorg of
this product. The Colorado beetle at
tached the potato iu some localities
but the damage was trilling aud will
hardly be seen iu the return of this
crop. Hay was never more abundant.
An Inch of Rain. '
Ruin is caught and motsured in uch a
way an to give what would have been the
actual depth of water on the surfaco if it
had not soaked in or run oil'. An inch of
ram is of more consoquence than would be
generally supposed. On an acre of ground
it amounts to G,37ifdO cubic, inches" Hi.
gives 5" ua.6 gallons of WKtei- ,i,i..h
hnUV . ' CL9te.rn c,l,Bble of folding 3U
hogshoadd. Kb. hp hi it l :..(?. TT
would amount to over 113 tons. A trough
m feet long. 10 feet high, and 2 fee w fe
hlch nt',rsu;o,"ont' would at co,'tin an
uicu ot rain from an aero of ground.
There mav he dirn.ro. .
. E. G.'a uuestion lu u L
or .England worth preserving?" but
one thing h, clear-tie jars are ready: