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COMMERCIAL ADVERTISER, HONOLULU, NOVEMBER 11, 1903.
CARTER WOULD AMEND jmrjb
Z', KOHALA WATER LICENSEpMVi
v week y
new things just
came in the Nev
adan for infants
Samples displayed in our show window and all plainly marked.
The lot includes
CHILDREN'S DRESSES AND SLIPS,
INFANT'S ROBES, COATS, SHIRTS, BOOTIES, Etc.
25 per cent. Reduction this week on
BABY BONNETS and
A. BL-OIV1, HS& B,,c
Blue Grass Whiskey
Kentucky is famed for productions.
NOBLE MEN AND WOMEN,
WORLD FAMOUS WHISKEYS, THE BEST IN
Of the above we have the celebrated Blue Grass Whiskey, 8
years old. Distilled by E. J. Curlrey & Co., Camp Nelson, Jess
amine Co., Ky. Sold by the gallon direct from the barrel by
.Lovejoy & Company, Ltd.
Phone 308. 902-904 Nuuanu Street.
SPORTING GOODS !
TENNIS, GYMNASIUM OUTING GOODS
A Specialty of ATHLETIC UNIFORMS. Why not
with the people who Understand Their Business ?
The store t!7UU,rt P- P 91 KING STREET
Open Saturday Nights.
SPORTING GOODS - - BICYCLES
Now is the Time to Buy
one of those most desirable lots in the city on Beretania Street,
opposite the residence of B. F. Dillingham. Rapid Transit will
shortly be laid on this street.
Prices will be advanced 10 per cent after January 1st.
One lot sold last week. Only a few left. Also lots for sale in other
W. M. CAMPBELL.
TELEPHONE WHITE 21 11.
He Declares His Opposition to Five Per Cent on
Net Revenue, as He Believes It Should
Be on Gross Revenue.
Secretary George R. Carter only yesterday found time to look
nto the Kohala water franchise, by way of preliminary scrutiny
nf its terms with which he will have to dea wlien ne assumes
the Governorship. He made a discovery in the advertisement of sale
of the franchise at auerfon, is-sued by Land Commissioner E. S.
5oyd, which disquieted him. This was in the prescribed condition
that the purchaser of the franchise shall pay five per cent, of the
net revenue from the privilege to the Territory.
After returning from his recent Territorial loan misson to
Washington and New York, Mr. Carter was informed on the street
that the five per cent, toll was to be on the gross revenue of the
corporation gaining the privilege. His informants deemed this
air and good, as he himself did, but the discovery which is what
he confessed yesterday evening it was that the levy was advertised
to be on the net revenue made him conclude that the offered terms,
are bad and require to be altered.
'Yes, I will oppose it," Mr. Carter replied to a categorical
question regarding the attitude he would assume toward the fran
chise in view of his discovery. s
"Five per cent, of the net revenue to the Territory' he went
on to say, '"means that the Territory will get nothing at all.
"I know some preceautions are taken to guard the interests
of the Territory, such as a provision against having the revenue
expended in heavy salaries. Yet there are other ways by which the
company can avoid having a net revenue to divide with the Ter
ritorv. It can make charges for improvements, for depreciation, for
interest on indebtedness.
'"It is always only too easy for a corporation so to arrange
its statements and its books that there shall be no net revenue.
The condition is one that leaves open question to dispute. I am not
aware of the case of any municipality that has received an income
from the net revenue of a corporation holding a franchise with that
"How I could have wished,' Mr. Carter remarked, "when con-
nected with the Hawaiian Electric Co., that its two and a half per
cent, to the Treasury might be on net instead of gross revenue." I
The argument of public benefit from the development of the ,
Kohala water, which was used in the conferences held when he was
away, was quoted to Mr. Carter. To this he replied in substance:
"We must not hamper capital that is seeking such enterprise.
There is no doubt of the great benefit the water would be to the
agricultural interests of the country. New lands would be culti
vated and incidentally tax-paying property would be increased.
"Yet, besides looking after the direct revenue due to the Ter
ritory from" such a great privilege, we must protect the small con
sumers of the water who might otherwise be at the mercy of the
large plantation companies."
This last reference was to a statement made at one of the con
ferences, now mentioned to Mr. Carter, that the tendency of all
large irrigation companies was to have their capital stock ulti
mately held bv tlie chief consumers.
NrXf WEEK WE SAY:
FIREPLACE 20,000 YEARS OLD
Ciant Strides I All Records Broken I
80,669 cases of
Moct & Cbandon Champagne
Imported up to Aug. 31, 1903, making
the greatest number of Cases of any
one brand of CHAMPAGNE ever im
ported in this period, showfng an in
crease of 23,888
cases over the same months of 1902.
The above statement is verified by
Custom House statistics.
This places MOET & CHANDON at
the HEAD of tha Importation List in
the UNITED STATES, as well as in
MOET & CHANDON Own ana Con
trol More Vineyards than All the Oth
er Leading Champagne Shippers Com
bined. The new vintage of
is perfection in Chamuaene.
H. HACKFELD & CO., LTD. DISTRIBUTORS.
LINCOLN, Neb., Oct. 15. What are believed to be the most
anc.cnt evidences of Indian occupancy of the plains of the United
Siates, and are indications of the existence of human life upon
this sohere anywhere from 20,000 to 50,000 years ago, have just
been collected by A. E. Sheldon, an agent of the Nebraska State
Historical Society, and are now in the State's museum in this city.
Mr. Sheldon spent nine weeks this summer in riding about
the Sioux Indian reservation at Chadron, gathering material for
a life of the great chief Red Cloud. At the agency he received a
hint that Ulvsses Farnham, an Indian boy, had found an ancient
Indian fireplace far up in the Bad Lands. Mi Sheldon rode Seventy
miles to investigate the Story, and found it true. In Lost Dog Canon.
otne seventy miles north of the Nebraska line, within a few miles' of
the spot at Wounded Knee Creek where the Indians of North Amer
ica made what is very likely to be their last stand against the white
man, two of these fireplaces were discovered.
Riding through the canon one dav, young Farnham noticed a
big black spot high up on one of the small buttes. He had the
curiosity to examine it and found evidences that it had once been a
cooking spot. There were large masses of charcoal, burnt rock,
ashes, and other debris. The boy casually mentioned this a,t home,
and it came to the ears of Dr. Walker, agencv nhvsician at Pine
Ridge, who set the curious Mr. Sheldon on the scent
WE HAVE LARGE SHIPMENTS OF GOODS WAITING
FOR THE OPENING OF OUR NEW STORE.
Meanwhile, to save Expenses in Removing,
We Want to Quit Our Present Stock
AT Removal Prices
TABLE DAMASK, Cheap at our Removal Sale.
NAPKINS, Cheap at our Removal Sale.
BEDSPREADS, Cheap at our Removal Sale.
LACE CURTAINS, Cheap at our Removal Sale.
TOWELS, Cheap at our Removal Sale.
BLANKETS, Cheap at our Removal Sale.
LADIES' MUSLIN UNDERWEAR, Cheap at our Removal.
LADIES' WALKING SKIRTS, Cheap at our Removal Sale.
MEN'S FURNISHING GOODS, Cheap at our Removal Sale
(heap at Our
L. B. KERR & CO.
Temporary Premises, FORT AND QUEEN STREETS.
places, immediately below them, were picked up chipped flints,
bits of pottery, and the bones of ten or twelve kinds of animals.
The find promises to make a stir among archaelogists as soon as The theory is that these were once a part of the fireplace, but'tlr
erosion occurring tust wnero it flirt KenjirnteH tlin. f-,nn tWfr
m . r ' i ii'- tu i i.i I
SILK DRESS GOODS
MITS, UNDERWEAR, SHAWLS, KIMONOS, TEA
GOWNS, PAJAMAS, SMOKING JACKETS, GENTLE
MEN'S FURNISHING GOODS.
61NUINE SATSUMA WARE, VASES', URNS, PLATES,
CUPS AND SAUCERS, CHINA SETS, CLOISONNE
its value becomes known. ne question is: mow manv vears ago
was this fireplace in use? At that time it must have been on the
ground, the black dirt about it proving this. TA hen found it was
covered bv from five to nine feet of soil, definitely marked in seven
or eight strata, which is evidence of its burial.
Immediately about the place is a 4-inch stratum of black dirt.
Next "this is a lighter soil filled with periwinkles, indicating the
presence of water over the spot at the time the soil deposit was
made. The problem which archaeologists will meet here is: Was
this deposit made immediately after the great drift, when lakes
were left at many spots, or does it simply mark the spot of a
great overflow? Nobody knows.
The next three of four strata are of varying thicknesses of butte
clay, thinner, but well marked. In this section of the soil on ex
hibition at the museum a distance of eight feet separates the lowest
from the top layer. In addition to the years that it has taken for
these seven or eight strata to form over the abandoned fireplace,
there must also be computed the iumber necessary to expose it at
if present height above the lower level surrounding it. This
latter was evidently by erosion. The question is: When, and how
long did it take?
The curious formations of the Bad Lands have been the theme
of many interesting articles. Through a part of them runs the
White River. This stream is fed by numerous little creeks Lost
Dog. Bear in the Lodge, and others of similar descriptive titles.
Where the creeks empty into the river these butte formations are
The month of the canon down which these small streams run
widens as it approaches the river, until it forms a circular basin
dotted with these odd-shaped, rounded mounds of earth, looking
like giant toadstools, the lower parts having been washed by the
water at some remote period until they leave each with a gigantic
To add still further years to this relic, the spot where it was
made is a sort of tableland leading off one of these buttes. showing
it to have been filled up after the original bnttes were eroded. It
is supposed that at one time this was a land-locked basin, and
that the action of the water in seeking an outlet in times of storm
caused these washing? away.
At the bottom of the canon which contained these old fire-
uccurriur usl wnere it aid senar;
orifinjil restincr nlawi orwl A
The presence of the pottery is in itself evidence that the plael
was used by a tribe that antedated the Sioux, The latter, it is
definitely known, have occupied the land of the Dakotas for more
than 200 years. As they did not make or use the pottery, the
fireplace was not one of theirs, even if it is not as old as The topsoil
evidences indicate. The Pawnees were The Tribe furthest north to
use earthen vessels. The Sioux disdained them.
Careful inquiry was made among the ranchmen in The vicinity
of these buttes as to what differences in Their physical conformation
have been noted. Men who have been in the neighborhood for
forty or fifty years say that there is very little change in their Out
ward appearance. Taking this evidence as a basis of calculation,
it must have been many centuries ago when the fireplaces were in
Science has yet discovered no infallible rule of time measure
ment as to the deposit of soils, and only conjecture enters into
this problem. If the change in half a century has-been so
slight as to be scarcely noticeable, how many years or centuries did
it require to pile seven or eight strata of soil upon the abandoned
fireplace, and then by erosion to cut down through these layers of
earth so as to expose it again to view?
Anywhere from 20.000 to 50,000 years, says E. E. Blackmail,
archaeologist of the State Historical Society. Mr. Blackmail be
lieves that somewhere in the Western plains will be secured the
final evidence which will sustain the claim of science to the many
centuries of age made for the earth. At the bottom of a driven
well in Kansas, not long ago. were found flints and bones which
point to centuries of antiquity, and here and there are uncovered
hits- of evidence, like this up in Lost Dog Canon, which point 4o
living human occupancy thousands of years ago.
The archives of the State Historical Society give the informa
tion that the first known of the Indian population of the great
plains regon was gleaned by the Coronado expedition of 154L On
April 2:i of that year Francisco Vasquez de Coronado marched
from Mexico north to find the fabled land of Quivira.
According to the traditions which had reached the Spanish
invaders of the land of the Montezumas. somewhere to the north
(Continued on Page 3.)