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This Port no Horoundor.
FROM SAN FRANCISCO:
AUSTKALIA NOV. 9th
ALAMEDA NOV. 18th
AUSTRLIA DEO. 7th
MARIPOSA DEO. Mb
Yol. V. HONOLULU, H. I., FEtDAY, OCTOBER 29, 1897. No. 727.
Oceanic Steamship Company.
Tho Fine Passenger Steamers of This Lino Will Arrive and Leave
Iu cnuneotiou with tho sailing of tho above steamers, tho Agents' aro
preparod to issne, to iutepdiug pa?senf;er, coupon through tickets by any
railroad from San Fraticisco, to all points in tub United State, and from
Now York by any steamship lino to all European portB.
For further particulars apply to '
m. G. Irwin & Co.
General Agents Oceanic S. S Company.
PACIFIC HARDWARE CO., LTD.
NEW GOODS JUST RECEIVED
Improved Planters Ho
Solid Cast Steel Eyo and Blade Forged Entire.
OYOLONE WIND MILLS, PUMPS, ETC.,
HOWE'S PLATFORM AND COUNTER SCALES,
NORTON'S BALL BEARING JACK SCREWS,
PLOWS IN LARGE VARIETY,
VISES,' PIPE CUTTERS AND WRENCHES,
The Standard of Merit.
Universal Stoves and Ranges.,
PAINT, WALL & WHITEWASH BRUSHES, CALIFORNIA LAWN
A Largs Assurimant of General Hardware.
Agents vfor Lloyds,
Canadian-Australian Steamship Lino,
" British & Foreign Marino Insurance Co.,
Northern Assurance Co. (Firo and Life),
Canadian Pacific Railway Co.,
Pioneer Lino of Packets from Liverpool.
H. E. McINTYRE & BRO.,
IMPORTERS AND DEALERS IN
Groceries, Provisions and Feed
Now and Fresh Goods received by every paokot fron California, Eastern
v States and European Markets.
Standard Gradu of Oouned Vegetables, Frnits and Fish.
Goods delivered to
ISLAND TRATTC ROTJOTTmn.
FOR SAN FRANCISCO:
MARIPOSA NOV. llth
AUSTRALIA NOV 17th
MOANA.'. DEO. 9th
AUSTRALIA DEO. 15th
P. O. Box 145.
Foiw Ss King Sts.
any part of the City "Wk .
THE LaW 0AN0XIONS SLAVERY.
Inevitable Oondition of tho Annexation
of Hawaii Contract Laborer
Hob Wo Bights Tho Workman
Moturnod to His Uastor
When H6 Seeks Freedom Forco
of Oovornmont AfralnBt Him
Nothinrr in the Constitution of
tho United States Which Would
Ohango Thin Situation.
BY WALTEIt lUCAimiUB.
Kdltor Coast Seaman's Journal.
' Seotion 1419, If any person, lawfully
bound to service, shall wilfully
absent himself from such service,
without tho leave of his master, any
District or Police Justice of tho
Republic, upon complaint made,
under oath, by the mastor, or by any
one iu his behalf, may issue a warrant
to apprehend such person and
bring him before. said justice; and,
if tho complaint shall be maintained
the Justice shall order such offender
to b rootor)d to his master, and ho
shall bo compelled to serve the re
mainder of the time for which ho
originally contracted. Coce of
Tho maxim that "eternal vigilance
is tho price of liberty" has never
boon more apropos than in tho question
of Hawaiiau annexation. The
history of all time is that govern
ments have always been negligent
and frequently traitorous in thoir
treatment of tho common interests.
The result has beott that where the
vigilanco nf tho people themselves
has lapsed they have either sunk
into a state of complete subjection
or they have been forced to
their liberties in their own blood.
It is also characteristic of history
that no great encroachment upon
the people's liberties ever succeed
in the open field; that where such
has been attempted it has been in
the insidious guise of a public benefit.
We are told that annexation will
be a good thing for 'Trado.", That
talisman in word, tho sound of which
has so often drowned tho pleadings
of humanity, is shouted on every
hand. We aro asked to risk tho
liberties of seventy millions of people
iu order to improve our trade
with ono hundred thousand semi-savages
in an ocean atoll 1 This
feature of the business recalls the
aotion of cortain during
tho Revolutionary War. Iu tho
critical period of thatstrugglo, whon
the treasury was depleted and even
the reins of the Continental forces
were runuing dry, those men demanded
to be paid and even ravish
ed pregnant hour with their
ories of "Beef I beef 1 beefl"
Now, in another struggle, but
equally potential, the cry is "Trade!
tradel trade!" Another allurement
of the occasion is the promise of
military power. This conceit mirrored
before the American people is
better designed to expand tho cheat
than broaden tho view and may
possibly result iu the fate that bofeU
he aspiring frog.
The claims made on behalf of
trade and military power aro baseless,
because in the first place tho
trade of tho islands is already in
the hands of the United States and
will remain there just as long as
that party offers the best tortus and
no longer, and secondly because tho
island will requiro more military
protection than they can give-in
But oven if thoso claims wore
valid in themselves there is ono objection
that greatly outweighs them,
namely the status of labor. In discussing
this phaso of the question I
assume that if annexation is accomplished
the result, so far as labor is
concerned, will bo the establishment
of a precedent to which labor in
other parts of tho United States
may B conformed. The labor on
the islands that is, the labor on
the land exists In a stato of legal
There is poithor a publio conception
of individual liberty nor a constitutional
inhibition of involuntary
servitude. On the contrary, labor is
employed under contracts
ly onforceable, as the following will
show. I qttoto from tho Hawaiian
"Section 1-119. If any person lawfully
bound to service, shall willfully
absent himself from such service
without the leavo of his mastor,
any District or Police Justice of tho
republic, upon complaint made,
oath, by tho mastor, or by any
one on his bohalf, may issuo a warrant
to apprehend such person and
bring' him before said Justice; and,
if tho complaint shall be maintained
tho Justice shall order such offend''
er to be restored to his master, and
he shall bo compelled to serve tho
remainder of tho time for which ho
"Section 1420. If any such person
shall rofuso to serve according
to the provisions of the last section,
rot the terms of his contract, his mas
ter may apply to any District or Police
Justice whore he may ro'side,
who shall bo authorized, by warrant
or otherwise, to send for the person
so refusing and, if such refusal bo
persisted in, to commit such person
to prison, there to remain at bard
labor until he will consent to serve
according to law.'
"And in -case such person so
bound as aforesaid shall havo returned
to the service of such master
in and obodienco to such order of
Buch Justice, and shall again willfully
absent himself from such service
without the leave of his master,
such District or Police Justice may
fine such offender not exceeding (5
for the first offense, and for ovory
subsequent offense thereafter not exceeding
$10, and in default of payment
thereof such offender may bo
imprisoned at hard labor until such
fine is paid, and at the expiration of
such imprisonment such Justice
shall order such oiTendor to be returned
to his maBler to serve for the'
remainder of such original term of
The foregoing is of course a slave
law, similar to the laws that existed
in our own "Slave States." Supplementary
to this are laws providing
imprisonment for debt and preventing
any debtor from leaving the islands.
Thus it will be seeu that even
iu the absence of a contract to servo
tho laborer has no alternative of IU-
The advocates of annexation argue
very plausibly that since the treaty
provides that no law of Hawaii which
is contrary to t he constitution of the
Unitod States shall remain iu force,
and since involuntary servitude' is
prohibited ' by the Oonatitutjon,
therefore the objection to the contract
labor law is removed. Here
two questions arise: Is the slave-labor
law of Hawaii contrary to the
constitution of the United Stalest
If it is not what will be the result
upon the country at large from tho
annexation of a slave State or Territory?
The answer to tho first question
is contained in a decision
of tho United States Supremo Court
in what is known as tho "Arago
Case." This was a case in whioh
fioamen wero chiefly concerned, but
it boars upon the matter now under
discussion by virtue of a significant
allusiou to the law governing
labor on land. In the Arago
case four seamen of that vessel wore
arrested for desertion, viz.: quitting
They took haboas corpus proceedings
on the ground that tho statutes
under whioh they were arrested was
unconstitutional, inasmuch as it provided
for involuntary servitude and
was therefore contrary to tho thirteenth
amendment: Tho writ was
denied and an appeal was taken to
tho Supreme Court. Iu deciding
against the seamen tho court declared
that service uuder a contract
was not involuntary servitude as
long as the contract was voluntarily
entered into; that the thirteenth
( (Inntimutt In 4th jvjo0
fitter's Steamship Co.
0. L. WIGHT, Pres 8. B. ROBE, Sea
Capt. J. A. KINO, Tort Sapt.
Will eave Honolulu at 10 a. m.. touching at
Lnhaina, Maalaea Hay and Makena the
same day; Mahukona. Kawaibaoand
the following day; arriving n
HIIo tho same afternoon.
LEAVE8 HONOLULU. AIIMVE8 HONOLULU.
Tuesday Nov 2 Friday Oct 20
Friday Nov U Tuesday Nov 0
Tueday .... Nov 2.1 Friday Nov 10
Friday;, Deo 3 Tuesday. ....Nov 30
Tuesday ....Dec 14 Friday Deo 10
TlmrBday Dec 23 Tiisdiiy Deo 21
Friday Dec 81
Returning will leave Hilo at 8 o'clock
a. m , touching at Laupahoehoe. Mahukona
and Kawalhao same day; Makena,
day; arriving ut Honolulu the afternoons
of Tuesdays and Fridays.
r Will call at Pohoiki, Puna, on trips
Of No Freight will be received after b
A. m. on day of sailing,
, 1'he popular routo to tho Volcano Is via
Hllo A good carriage road the entire distance.
Round trip tickets, cohering all
WW leavo Honolulu Tuesdays. at 5 p. M.
touching at Kahulni, lliina,' Hamoa and
Klpahulu, Maul. Returning arrives at
Honolulu Sunday mornings.
Will call at Nuu, Kaupo, once each
No Freight will be received after i
r. if. on day of sailing.
This Company will reserves the nghtto
make changes in the time of departure and
arrival of its Steamers without notice and
It will not bo responsible for any consequences
Consignees must bo ut the Landings to
receive their freight; this Company will
not hold Itself responsible for freight after
It has been landed.
Live Stock received only at owner's risk.
This Company will not be responsible for
Honey or Valuables of passengers unless
placed in the care of Pursers.
gptf Passengers are requested lo par-chase
Tickets before embarking. Those
falling to do so will be subject to an addl
tionalcharge of twenty-five per cent..
Clans Sprecfcels & Co.
Ban Francisco Agtnts.TUE NEVADA
HANK OF SAN FJllNCISCO.'
DRAW EXCHANGE ON
SAN Nevada Bank ol
LONDON-Tho Union Bank of London
NEW YORK American Excliango National
OHIOAGO Merchants National Bank.
Notional d'Escompte de
BERLIN Dresdnor Bank.
HONG KONG AND
Kong & Shanghai BankinMCorporatton.
NEW ZEALAND AND
Bank of Now Zealand.
VIOrORIA AND VANCOUVER Bank
of British North America.
Tiansact a flcneral Banking and Exehawit
Deposits Recolved. Loans made on Approved
Beourity. Commercial and Travelers
Credit Issued. Bills of Kxcnunge
bought aud sold.
Collections Promptly Accounted Ko