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Vol. V. HONOLULU, II. I., TUESDAY, JSTOVEMBEK 28, 1897. No.
Oceanic Steamship Company.
The Fine Passenger Steamora of
This Port as Hereunder.
FROM SAN FRANCISCO:
ALAMEDA NOV. 18th
AUSTItLIA DEO. 7th
MARIPOSA DEO. lGth
In connection with the sailing of the above stoamers, the Agents are
prepared to issue, to intending passengers, coupon through tickets by any
railroad from San Francisco, to nil points in tho United States, and from
Now York by any steamship line to all European ports.
For further particulars apply to
Wm. G. Irwin &; Go.
General Agents Oceanio S. S. Company.
PACIFIC HARDWARE CO, LTD.
NEW GOODS JUST RECEIVED
Improved Planters Ho
Solid Oast Steel Eye and Blade Forged Entire.
OYCLONE WIND MILLS, PUMPS, ETC.,
HOWE'S PLATFORM AND COUNTER SCALES,
NORTON'S BALL BEARING JACK SCREWS,
PLOWS IN LARGE VARIETY,
VISES, PIPE GUTTERS AND WRENCHES,
The Standard of Merit.
Universal Stoves and Ranges,
PAINT, WALL & WHITEWASH BRUSHES, CALIFORNIA LAWN
A Large Assortment of General Hardware.
fflh fflB Sfffl
1 EJUflUU W UUIl
G ener al Merchandise
Vgonts for Lloyds,
Canadian-Australian Steamship Lino,
British & Foreign Marine Insurance Co.,
Northern Assurance Co. (Fire and Life),
Canadian Pacific Railway Co.,
Pioneer Line of Packetn from Liverpool.
E, McINTYRE & BRO.,
IMPORTERS AND DEALERS IN
Groceries, Provisions and Feed
Now and Fresh Goods received by every paoket from California, Eastern
Btates and European Markets.
Standard Grade of Satined Vegetables, Fruits and Fish.
Goods dollvored to
IBIiA.lt H Til A nit nOMOJTlCn.
This Line Will Arrive and Leave
FOR SAN FRANCISCO:
AUSTRALIA NOV, 17th
MOANA DEC. 9th
AUSTRALIA DEO. 15th
P. O. Box 145.
fort fe king Sts.
any part of tho City
Tho Hawaiian Problem
From tho Now York special correspondent
.of tho London Morning Post.
Since 1801, when the Dole Government
became firmly established in
Hawaii, the question of annexation
in thii country had passed out of
the publio mind, and tho announcement
of the Treaty of Annexation
sent to the Senate by the. president
oarno as a surprise. Mr. MeKinley,
in his inaugural address deprecated
any extension of territory. Mr.
Sherman, the Secretary of State, in
his "Remiuisconcos," has expressed
his opposition to tho annexation of
Hawaii, and the faot that both the
President and the Secretary of State
are now advocating annexation is
giving rise to much speculation as
to tho reason for the now departure
While newspapers of tho
and weight of the New York
Times are insisting that sooner or
lator it will be discovered that the
real reason for annexation is a job,
like so many of the jobs now being
daily perpetrated in connection with
the Tariff, it has to be borno in
mind that the existing Republic! in
Hawaii came into with tho
hope and full expectation of the
early annexation of the itlands to
the United States. Although this
plan was frustrated in the spring of
1893 by Mr. Cleveland, there is no
lack of evidence that the American
population in Hawaii havo nover'for
a moment permitted tho idea of
annexation to drop. They have
been continuously hopeful that
when there was a change in tho
Administration at Washington the
islands would be taken over by the
United States. The Constitution of
July, 189i, was drawn up with this
ond in view, and it was so shaped
that it could be readily adapted to
the form of Territorial Government
in use in the Uuited State.
The Monarchical Government in
Hawaii, which oxisted till January,
1893, could not have been overthrown
had it not been for tho
action of the late Mr.
Stevens, a country newspaper oditor
from the State of Maine, who, when
well advanced in life, was, through
the influence of the lato Mr. Blaine,
appointed Unitod States Minister to
Hawaii by the Harrison Administration
of 1889-93. Mr. Stevens summoned
ashore from tho United
States cruiser Boston a force of
siilors and marines, under whose
(Ogis a Cornmittoe of Safety, consisting
mostly of American residents
deposed the Queen, set up a Fro-visional
Government, and then sent
Commissioners to Washington to
negotiate for the admission of Hawaii
to the Uuited States. Steveus
established an Amerioan Protectorate
over tho islands within a few
daya after tho Provisional Government
had been established, aud this
American Frotoctorato was continued
from February until April, whou
a Special Commissioner sout out by
Mr. Cleveland arrived at Honolulu,
ordered tho sailors and marines
back to tho Boston,, and onded tho
Protectorate by hauling down the
That tho annexation soheme of
1893 failed was primarily duo to Urn
fact that tho Revolution in Hawaii
occurred within six weeks of the
time when Mr. Harrison's term as
President camo to au end, The
Revolution took placo on January
14th. On tho 19th the Commissioners
sent by tho Provisional Government
to negotiato for au annexation
let Honolulu. They reached Washington
ou tho 3d of February. They
were welcomed by Mr. Harmon and
Secretary Foster, and by the 11th
tho.Treaty of Annexation had been
agreudjlo, and on .tho lGth it was
sent to the Souato, Threo week
lator, and before tho Senate had
oom plated its deliberation, Mr.
Cleveland had succeeded Mr. Harrison,
'and ono of Mr. Cleveland's
oarliest official aots was to withdraw
tho Foster Thurston Treat v from
tho Senate, and to send Mr. Blount,
who had been Chairman of tho Com
mitteo of Foreign Affairs of tho
Houso of Representatives, to Hawaii
to make an inquiry. The first result
of Mr. Blount's mission was the
tooall of Stevens, and the final outcome
of his investigation was au
attempt on the part of Mr.
clumsily made, to replace
Queen Liliuokalani on the throne,
and to put things back where they
stood prior to the events of January.
Mr. Blount's reports fully convinced
Mr. Cleveland that the conduct of
Stevens in regard to tho use of American
military force had beou most
reprehensible, and that it was his
duty as President to undo what ho
himself described as a flagrant
wrong. He laid down two conditions
to the deposed Queen with a
view to her restoration. Ono was
that sho should pursue a magnanimous
course towards the revolutionists,
and the other that when her
Government should bo re-established
it should accept all the obligations
which had been incurred by
the Provisional Government. The
Qui-on, however, was anxious for tho
execution of tho leading revolutionists,
and for tho banishment of their
families. For awhile sho hesitated
about accoptiug Mr. Cleveland's
conditions. Ultimately she agreed
to them, and then it dawned on Mr.
Cleveland that without tho sanction
of Congress force could not bo used
to restore tho Queu. By this timo
Minister Stevens had been replaced
by Minister Willis, aud through Mr.
Willis Mr. Cleveland made an appeal
to tho Provisional Government
in Docernbur, 1893, to restore the
Quoen. It was, however, uttotly ignored.
The Prewidont was sharply
told that the internal bffairs of Hawaii
wore none of his business, and
with this failure nuded Mr. Cleveland's
well-meant endeavors to bring
about tho restoratiou of the Queen.
In the meantime there had been
a Constitutional Convention in Honolulu,
patterned after similar bodies
in the United States. This
Convention completed its work in
June, 1891, aud on the 4th of July
tho new Constitution was publioly
proclaimed. By this Constitution
there was established the Government
in Hawaii whoso representatives
at Washington have negotiated
the Treaty of Annexation now awaiting
action on the part of the United
StateB Senate. The new Treaty differs
in only a few particulars from
the Treaty of 1893.
The most importaut difference is
that in the preseut treaty there is
no provision for n pension for the
ex-Queen, or for the payment of a
lump sum to tho Princess Kaiulani,
Under the Treaty of February, 1893,
tho ex Queen was to bo guaranteed
an annual allowance of $20,000 from
tho United Stales Treasury, and tho
Princess was to receive an immedi
ate aud final payment of $150,000.
Sinco the last Treaty, however, tho
Queen, aftor being concerned iu the
Royalist risiug in 1895, has renounced
all hor claims, absolvod hor
former subjeots from their allegiance,
and six mouths past has boon
liviug in this couutry.
At tho time the
Treaty was before tho Seuato tho
MeKinley tariff was in force, Under
it thore wore bouutiea intended to
eucourage the growth of sugar in
tho United States, and by a olauue
in tho 1893 Treaty it was provided
that the bouuly system was not to
extend to sugar grown in Hawaii.
For tho rest thore is a great similarity
iu the Treaties of 1893 and of
1897. At the timo the revolution
ocourred, the publio debt of Hawaii
was f3,250,000 It has been
uudur the Republio; but it is uot
likely to oxceod $1,000,000, tho sum
for which tho United States is accepting
(flnntinueil ' 4th vng,)
Wife's Steamship Cu
0. L. WIGHT, Pres & B. ROSE, Bee
Oapt. J. A. KING, Port Supt.
Will leave Honolulu at 10 a. m.. touching at
Lahnlna, Maalaea Bay and Makena tht
someday; Mohnkana. Kawallmoand
tho following day; arriving ni
Hllo the samo afternoon.
t'WCS HOMOLTOP. ARRIVES noMOLUtU.
Tnedoy .... Nov 23 Friday. Nov 10
Friday Deo 3 Tuosday Nov 30
Tuesday ....Deo 14 Friday Deo 10
Thursday Deol!3 Tiiosday Deo 21
Friday Deo 81
Returning will leavo Hilo at 8 o'clook
a. m , touching at Laupahoehoe,
jmd Kawalhao same day; Makena,
Maalaua Boy and Lahalua the following
day; arriving at Honolnln the afternoons
of Tuesdays and Fridays.
OB" Will call dt Pohoikl, Puna, on trips
S&- No Freight will bo received after b
a. m. on day of sailing.
The popular route to tho Volrano is via
Hilo A good carriugu road tho entire distance,
ltound trip tickets, co ferine all
Will leave Honolulu Tuesdays at 5 p. m.
touching at Kahului, Hana, Hiiuion and
Kipahuln, ilaui. Returning arrives at
Honolulu Sunday mornings.
Will call at Wuu, Kaupo, once each
3?" No Freight will be recelvod after i
v. it. ou day of sailing.
This Company will reserves tht right
mako changes in the time of departure and
arrival of Its Stealers without notice and
il will not be responsible for any consequences
Consignees mutt bo at tho LandingB to
receive their frolght; this Company will
not hold itself responsible for freight after
it has been landed.
Live Stock received only at owner's risk,
This Company will not be responsible for
Money or uluubles of passengers unless
placed In the care of Parsers.
4XV i'assongers are requested to purchase
Tickets bofore embarking. Thoao
falling to do so will bo subject to an addl
tloual charge of per cent.
OLAUS SPHE0KEL3. WM, G. IRWIN.
Glaus Spreckels & Go..
1S1H Wwcuco Agents. THE NEVADA
HANK OF SAN 1WANCISCO.
DRAW EXOHANUK ON
SAN Novada Bank of
LONDON-Tho Union Bank of London
NEW YORK American Exohange No
tlonal Bank,1 ,
CHICAGO Merchants National Bank.
PAltlB Comptoir National d'Kscompto de
BERLIN Dresdnor Bank.
HONG KONG AND YOKOHAMA Hone.
Kong & bhanghal BaukingCorporation .
NEW ZEALAND AND
Bank of Now Zealand.
VI010RIA AND VANCOUVEU Bank
of British North Amoriru.
Transact a General Hanking and Exohana
Deposits Received, Loans made ou Approved
Boourlty. Commercial and
Credit Issued. Bills of Exciunge
bought and sold.
Collodions Promptly Accounted Foi