Newspaper Page Text
LOOAI. AND OENEHAI, NEWS
Board of Health to-day.
Judge Kopoikai will loavo for
Maui this aftornoon.
Ring up 811, if you havo anything
to say to TnE Independent.
A jury in tho Coclho caso was
secured late yesterday and tho trial
is proceeding to-day.
t Tho Kinau loft for Hawaii this
morning, probably carrying tha
, stuffing for Mr. Dole "noxt" duck.
Extra fiuo mince and other pies at
tho Elite for Thanksgiving Day.
isiopuouo your oruers lor Ireo delivery.
Georgo Sharrick, the champion
cyclist, is now located with J. T.
Lund, bicycle and othor repairs, ou
uppor Fort street.
Tho California Fruit Market, P.
G. Gamarinos, has the best live California
Turkoys for Thanksgiving
Day. Telephone 378.
Judge Wilcox presided in the
District Court this morning for a
short while, and thon resigned his
soat to Judge Peterson.
Tho prosocution in the Smith
murder case closod last night and
the defense is now presenting the
case of the accused men.
Tho ladies of the Second Congregation
of St. Audrow'd havo decided
to have Christmas festivities for the
children ou Tuesday, Dec. 28th.
The Advertiser again fibs. Ka
Ahailouo o Hawaii is not dead. It
will appear on Thursday as usual.
Another chance for a damage suit.
More burglaries but tho burglar
is nover caught. Where are the pop
guns aud parched peas? Chinese
detectives shoot why not white mon?
The football game for Thanksgiving
Day will be between tho
Town and Puliation teams. It is for
the championship and should be a
good one to make up for tho past
To-night "Railroad of Love" will
bo presented at the Opera House.
Tho play has no reference to "Love
on Railroads" in these islands.
Lovers will please apply for missing
Utters at headquarters.
Tho newly Mooted officors of tho
. Hawaiian Planters' Association are:
President, J. B. Athorton; Vie
President, n. I'. Baldwin; Seorrftnry,
C. Bnlte; Troasuror, l .0. Jones;
Auditor, F. A. Sohaofer.
The adjourned mooting of tho
Nhw Club will be held at Oharlos
Linds at 7:30 t morrow evening to
receive reporta of committees. All
desirous of becoming charter members
are r.oqumted to attend as
upwards of CO names havo been
Even As You and I.
nALrii M. .TAOOBI.
A fool there was and ho oast his vote
Eveu as you and I
For MoKinloy and Hobart, high
tariff and gold,
Ho might have known better for
ho'd been told,
But tho poor fool didn't and he got
Even as you and I.
Oh tho votes wo waste, and I ho
cheers wa waste,
And the future wo had planned,
Is lost, because lie didn't know,
For now wo know that he didn't
Aud did not understand.
A fool tkore was and ho marohed all
as you aud I
Up Fifth Avenue and Broadway.
They told him they would increase
t his pay,
If tho results of eleotion came out
But ho continues to work for a
dollar a dav.
Even as'you and I.
Oh the toil ho lost and tho time ho
Marching with Hauna's band,
Just because he didn't know.
For now wn know ho didn't huow,
And did not understand.
Tho fool found out that they had
He might have boforo if he'd only
And ho gavo up the ghost in dospair
So a part of him lived, but tho moat
of him died
Even as you and .
And it isn't the shatno aud it isn't
That burnR like a white hot brand
But it's coming to know that he
did n't. lfw:
& HV Seoing at last that he didn't know,
Respectfully Dedicated to President Dole
Tmtortant Reports Oonsldorod A
Eow Pointo In Kpgard to tho
Donudation of tbo .Forest Lands
Qomothlng Ab ut tho Labor
Tho Planter oiot again this morning,
J. B. Athorton, tho nowly
President providing. Tho Financial
report was considered aud
adoptod but the publication of tho
very interesting figures was
It may be of interest, however,
for a few to learn that the tax on
fertilizers is not to be imposed on
lime unmixod, or wool dust.
An interesting and technical report
full of encouraging data on
machinory, Mr. Morrison chairman
of tho committoe, was read by Dr.
Maxwell. It showed tho advantage
of oxtra prossure and roviewod
sovoral notablo experiments which
wore illustrated by samples exhibited.
The report analytod the reasons
of the degradation of sugar in transit
or long storage and Bpoko of certain
analyses which in tho instances
cited the absence of limo was the
prime cauBO. The proper preparation
of sugar will be indispensable
in view of large shipments in future
around tho Horn. Naturally tho
Bacteria of sugar was discussed and
fermentation traced down to its
foundation whother from too rauoh
moisture, too low alkalinity or othor
imperfection. A suggestion was made
to eradicate tho superfluous moisture
from sugar by a simple draft
maohino which would also cool tho
the sugar before sacking.
Brief discussion participated in
by Mr. Morrison, who advocated tho
drying blast suggested by Dr. Maxwell.
It was important to have tho
Mr. T. H. Davies statod that he
found when in New York that Hawaiian
sugar would havo to be pro-pared
better for the New York refineries
than for San Francisco. Ha
regretted that the Planters and
practical makers of sugar worn not
better ropraoutoi to discuss practical
matter of such immenso importance
to t hum.
After remarks by Messrs. Baldwin,
Kan ton and Hackfeld tho report
took the usual course.
The Report on cane diseases was
read and dealt with.
W. M. Ghffnrd, chairman of tho
Forestry Committee, presented a report
of tho committee, printed. It
was an elaborate one and full of
interest for the country. The
following extracts are taken from
that portiou contributed by Dr.
The mode, howovor, iu which for-oat
surfaces operate iu taking moisture
from tho air passing over them
is not bo generally well known; aud
it is in place to explain that while
forests and other altitudes do affect,
and possibly draw, atmospheric currents
that bear moisture, tho main
value of the forest is iu presenting
a cool surface to the moisture-laden
air passiug over, and thus causing
tho cooled air to give up a part of
its moisture as rain. By way of illustration
I may add that I made soma
readings of tho temperature of tbo
air, the surfaco soil to a depth of
six inches, aud of the- inside of the
trunk of trews about uinu inches in
diamotor, and four feet from tho
ground, whon I was in tho Hamakua
District. Tho air temperature was
85 dgreos, the soil 81 degrees, and
tho temperature of trees, however,
doponds upon their size or ninsi,
and the smaller tho tree or bush the
nearer its temporature nomas to that
of tho air. 'J bis example is given in
order to guard ub against tho idea
that any vegetable covering with
small trees, bush or scrub, will induce
greater precipitation, aud to
explain that, whilst the bush and
ground growths conserve tho mois
ture by preventing a rapid disahargo
to the sea, it is forest, composed of
troes of great height and bulk, whieh
mainly affects tho fall of rain.
In tho District of Hilo it is not
fully evident that an actual decrease
iu the raiufall is transpiring, but
there are ample indications that tho
water is uot conserved as woll as
formerly, but washes more directly
to the ocean; aud this change
threatonB to affect the plantation?,
which depend for the flumiug of
cano upon tho steady and uniform
flow of tho upper water to tho sea.
However, tho signal relation of Hilo
to the other districts of tho island
make it a mattor of tho greatest moment
thnt tho conditions of rainfall
in tho uppor Hilo district shall not
bo threatened, siuce if tho ralua in
that district shotild bo affected, thi
rains from the Hilo region moving
towards Hamakua might be reduced
I moved to Kohnln from the
district over tho Waimea
plains, and had opportunity to note
the further depletion of remnant
aroas of the original forest.
In Kohala district the abnormal
drought of this year has bo intensified
the consequences of tho gradnal
falling off ia tho rainfall that appears
to have boon going on for
some time that cam is requirod in
order to avoid an extreme view of
the situation. I havo, howover, observed,
aud havo bcon informed by
tho best authority, that tho forest
Hue upon tho slopes declining to
Kohala town has been moved back
several miles, and within a period
not exceeding ton years. This destruction
of tho front lino of tha
forest, whore may be seen dismantled
trees rotting on tho ground and
dying bush, has beou mainly caused
by mouutain cattle, whioh wore allowed
to range down to tho plantation
lines. Tn-day tho lower lands
are from want of wator, becoming
UBeless for grazing, and the best
pastures are upon the higher areas,
whioh a few yoars ago wore so dense
and thick with forest and brush
that a bullock could hardly
These observations show
how extromely short-sighted and
ruinous is tho absence of a system of
forest control which allows ranchers
to ruu their cattle down to the edge
of tho open lands. The consequences
of the moving back of tho forest lino
fall, first, upon the lower lands, in
reduced shade and rainfall. But
theso consequences aomo almost as
quickly Upon tho ranches themselves;
becauBo when tho forest shade is
gone the past urn aud water eoon go,
and the cattle are moving up iu
senroh of vater and food, and move
up the destruction with them.
On the lowpr lands, whoro population
appears to have been greater
in the past thrtu it is now, there aro
palpable indicatious of a former
greater rainfall. There aro gulcbod
volleys whoro the romuants of terraced
lands show that vegetation
had been carefully aud abundantly
grown, but which, for some tirno,
havo bpu forsakeu and dry, and the
flowing streams which fed these
lands aro dried up and gono.
Uufortunatoly, the date which can
throw any precise light upon a
change of raiufall aro meagre, and
extend back ovor ouly a few years.
I however, obtained a register of tho
rainfall in Niulii, whioh covers the
years from 1881 up to tho present.
If wo divide these years into two
periods the results are found to be
1884 to 1890 inclusive G2.21 inches
1891 to 1896 " ....-1030 "
Tho immediately beneficial results
of shutting tho cattle out by enclosure
of an area running from tho
plantation head lines Bovoral miles
back are beyond all questiou and
praise. I havo seen these results on
Hawaii, above Kukuihaelo; and on
Maui on lands controlled by tbo
Haiku Sugar Co.; aud I am informed
of similar results on Kauai on
lands lying above Lihuo.
You remarked, Mr. Prosidout,
upon the tracts of land in Kohala
known under the name Awini. Tho
situation of those lauds was observed
by rue, but I was unable to visit
them. I endeavored, howevor, to
get some idea of the difference in
rainfall upon tho Awini forest lauds,
aud cleared lauds lying at n lower
level toward the eea. Tho dato
cover only thirlonn monthr, and extend
from Julyl, 1890, to July 31,
Awini forest lands.,... .6&V10 inches
Lower cleared lands.. . .39.19 ''
The significance of these data lies
leas in tho simple but notable differ-once
shown, than in tbo indication
that wore there no forest upon
Awini not only would tho Awini
raiufall be reduced,, but the raiufall
below would scarcely bo reduced
still more. Tho conditions of this
particular location appear to suggest
the iuadvisability, at the pros-out
time, of further lessoniug the
forest area iu the Kohala district
by clearing lands; and the general
olnfn n( the district indicates that
steps should at once bo takeu,
1 either by mutual agreement or by
INSURANCE COMPANY OF $QRTH AMEBICA.
Of Philadelphia, ln.
Founded, 17.98 Cask Capital, $8,000,000
Oldeut Fire Insurance Company In thp United Stptep.
Losses paid since organization over
NSW ZEALAND MMABJCB COMPANY.
(KIKE AND MARINE)
Established, 1850 , Capital $6,000,000
Insurance effected ou Buildings, Goods, Ships, and Morohaudiae
E8T For lowest rates apply to
General Agent for tho Hawaiian Islands.
MANY BEE1S IN AMERICA!!
Good Bad and Indifferent.
Has Proven Its Superlority.
Noah's Certificate is Not Needed for the Best.
Consumers Are the Judges.
Is World EenoAvned, Holds Its Own, and Don't You
Macfarlane & Co., Ltd.,
authority, to restore tho condit'ous
which appear to havo furnished the
greatei rainfall of an period.
Tho Awini cose may b allowed to
raise tho whole questiou of tbo
economic balance of relation between
forest and cleared lands. It
is quite clear, on the one hand, that
a country cannot become of value
which is given up to permanent
forest. On tho other, we aro
by tho actual experiences
of other couutrios, and notably by
the praotico of tho United State,
that tho ruthless destruction of
forest, or tho disturbance of the
relation of forest area to cleared
surface, leads to irremediable
Herein lie the whole
problem tho adjustment of forest
surfaco to aress of cultivated land.
But this is a work requiring very
specific knowledge, and the direction
of some ono expert in the matters of
forestry and climatology.
I Bhall vnuture to urge tho primary
importance of expert direction in
the matter of forest removal. Trustworthy
advice would suggest areas
that oould be cleared without any
cause of damage to contiguous
lands, and would show why the reducing
of forest area in given localities
might bo followed by irreparable
results. Theao things, hrwever
aro not easily impressed upon communities;
and the history of the
attitudo of the United States Congress
towards the forestry question
shows that legislation may como too
late, which is cruHly etnphaziseu by
a report of the present Secretary of
Agriculturej recently sent to mo,
wherein Congress is told that "our
virgiu coniferous supplies must
sharo tha fate of the bulla! o, unless
a practical application of rational
forestry is muo" for "tho end is
visible, aud tho most sanguine cannot
longer hide tho truth thit within
tho uoxt decade we shall witness
tho exhaustion of the greatest staplo
of our lumbir market."
The chairman oouoludes with the
W'nilbt numerous suggestions havo
been ruado by former Committees
with a view to having thi Govern
ment take up thoBiibjeot of Forestry
systematically, nothing of any moment
has hot u done, and with the
concurrence of the members of your
Committee, I would now ask that
the Association make a motion to
appoint a Special Committor of
three members, of which Dr. Maxwell
shall bo one for the purpose
of iuterviewiufj tho Minister of Interior
aud askiug him to petition
the coming Legislature to appropriate
sufficient funds to pay for au
export survey of forest conditions
on these islands on thff lines laid
out and suggested by Prof. Furnow
in tho letter abovo published.
To he Continued,)
- - - $90,000,000.
IS OlJST 03STHS
OOVKllNKSS TO GO TO HI 1,0 TO
.' instruct, two girl". 8nte Enlnry, required
and references. Address "V 1 O.
box 0 0.
J. T. Waterisouse.
There are three brands of
Jains and Jellies known to be
absolutely pure. ..Crosse &
Blackwells, Morton's and
Code, Elfolt & Co. During
the pure food crusade in California
the of the latter
passed every inspection and
now come out of the factory
specially stamped "Pure
Food."' "Wo have a complete
stock of these goodB and offer
them to the public at very low
Our grocery department is
full to the brim with reliabh
goods and our prices ure low
enough as to draw common
from other dealers. We buy
for cash in quantities to suit
the demand and consequently
thoy are always fresh.
We handle the eolebrated
Albert boneless sardines and
the Palace brand of sheer7
bacon, two articles for tin.
table that are unext elled.
"We carry a full lino of table
delicacies, English tmd American
and promptly fill orders.
Prompt delivery in all cases
whether in person or by telo
phono and careful attention
paid to the, selection of goods.