OCR Interpretation


The Independent. (Honolulu, H.I.) 1895-1905, February 25, 1901, Image 1

Image and text provided by University of Hawaii at Manoa; Honolulu, HI

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85047097/1901-02-25/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?


Thumbnail for

il
BMnsnalniraHHatifll
- i
VoLxir
Oceanic
-
-
Steamship
TIME TABLE
rh JMlJibEHSf Seu TU Li8 Wi Ari L
FROM SAN FRANCISCO FOR SAN FRANCISCO
rYENTURA FEB 19
MARIPOSA MARCH 2
SIERRA MARCH 12
MARIPOSA MARCH 23
SONOMA APRIL 2
MARIPOSA APRIL 13
VENTDRA APRIL 23
MARIPOSA MAY 4
SIERRA MAY U
Mariposa may 25
sonoma june 4
MARIPOSA JUNE 15
VENTURA JUNE 25
MARIPOSA JULY G
SIERRA JULY 16
MARIPOSA JULY 27
SONOMA AUG 6
NOTICE
Jwaw iw wrrT 1
any
ALAMEDA FEB 18
MARIPOSA MARCH 6
SONOMA MARCH 12
MARIPOSA MARCH 27
VENTURA APRIL 2
MARIPOSA APRIL 17
SIERRA APRIL 23
MARIPOSA MAY 8
SONOMA MAY 14
MARIPOSA r MAY 29
VENTURA JUNE 4
MARIPOSA JUNE 19
SIERRA JUNE 25
MARIPOSA JULY 10
SONOMA JULY 16
MARIPOSA JULY 31
VENTURA AUG 6
Local Boat
In connootion with the sailing of tho above stoamera the AgentB are
prepared to isnueto intending passengers coupon through tiokoto by any
railroad from San Francisco to all pointo in the United States and from
New York by any steamship line to all European porta
For further particular apply to
W
Co
General Agents Oceanic S S Company
Wlien IToix Wsmt
GREEN EIVEE WHISKEY
Do not accept goods bearing a similar name
THERE IS ONI Y ONE
GREEN EIYEE WHISKEY
It is distilled by J W MoOullooh Owensboro Ky
GREEN BIVER is the official whiskey of the U S
Navy Department
GREEN RIVER Whiskey was awarded the Gold Medal at
the Paris Ifixposition 1900
For Sale in All Saloons and by
W C PeacocK Company
SOLE AGENTS Hawaii Territory
TAKE NO SUBSTITUTES
VpAHTTOUB HOUSE
XJS 3Vtagnit for the Outside
And IPt2Ol for the Inside
These are COLD WATER PAIKTS and are the Best
Substitutes for Oil and Lead and are MUCH CHEAPER
Fish Lines and Hooks
We are opening a Line of these at our Fort Street Store
and will soon be in a position tosupply all demands
A Largo Stock of GLASSWARE
Is Expected on the W G- Irwin and will at once be
opened at our Bethel Street Store
HE PACIFIC HARDWARE 00 LTD
k
IND
i
T
T HONOLULU H Ii MONDAY FEBRUARY 25 1901
THE OTERMS MESSAGE
Xhi Legislature BeceivoB Iw Suc
jroBtions Some Advices ai a Much
Blarney from McKinleyu First
Governor of Hawaii
Shortly after 1 oclock this nftcr
noon tho Senate Infonhed tho Gover
nor of its readiness to receive his racs
Kngo to the Legislature Tho docu
ment was promptly submitted The
full text Is as follows
Tire Act of Congress providing a
government for the Territory of Hawaii
completed tho process of annexation
begun with the Hawaiian acceptance
of the joint resolution of Congress for
the union of the Hawaiian Islands with
the United States of America
The period between such accept
ance on the 12th day of August 1898
and the going Into affect of tho Terri
torial Act on tho 14th day okTune
1900 was ono of transition While the
Hawaiian Government had come under
the jurisdiction of the Government of
the United States it still continued to
administer1 some of the prerogatives of
an independent power It collected du
ties under Its own laws on goods im
ported from other countries and even
those corning from the United States
It proservedlts consular relations with
other countries Including the United
States Itbnlinued its quarantine re
gulations against tho rest of tho world
This quasi independent status gave
rise to many questions difficult of solu
tion and mhde It necessary In the pub
lic Interest to maintain a representative
at Washington
The chances made by the Territorial
Act in thofidepartments of the local
governmentj caused some difficulty in
adjusting the civil service In the ab
sence of legislative assistance De
partment clerks have had In some cases
to follow their duties Into other de
partments
The powers and duties of the new
officer of Superintendent of Public
Works correspond substantially with
those ofthe Minister of the Interior un
der the Republic with the exception
of certaln specified matters relating to
licenses cofpoVatibns partnerships
business enterprises of married women
and registry of conveyances which
wore transferred to theTreasurer mat
ters relating to prisons notaries and
escheat of lands which were transfer
red to the Attorney Geenral and those
relating to the preservation of laws and
proceedings of the Legislature and the
duty of promulgating executive procla
mations which were transferred to
the Secretary of the Territory
Tho duties and authority of the old
Commissioner of Public Lands and
Agent of Public Lands have been com
bined in one person the Commissioner
of Public Lands
At the present time under tho appro
priations made in tho Legislative Ses
sion of 1898 the pay of the heads of de
partments is very uneven While the
Attorney General the Treasurer and
the Superintendent of Public Works re
ceive each six thousand dollars a year
tho Superintendent of Public -Instruction
receives nothing tho correspond
ing position of Minister of Public In
struction having been formerly held
cx offlcio by tho Minister of Foreign Af
fairs who received his salary as such
Minister The annual salary of the
Commissioner of Public Lands Is three
thousand dollars that of tho Commis
sioner of Agriculture and Forestry is
two thousand ono hundred dollars that
of the Surveyor Is three thousand dol
lars while the President of the Board
of Health receives nothing
As will be seen In the estimates I
have placed the four leading executive
ofilcers In a class by themselves with
an annual- salary of four thousand five
hundred dollars each such reduction
of pay being consonant with the rates
established for such Territorial offi
cials as aro paid by the Federal Gov
ernment
The Commissioner of Public Lands
tho Commissioner of Aericulturo and
Forestry and the President of the Hoard
of Health are placed in another class
with salaries corresponding to that of
tho Auditor It is a question In my
mind whether the President of the
Board of Health should not receive four
thousand five hundred dollars
The reasons for these changes are as
follows The Commissioner of Public
Lands has now the whole work and re
sponsibility formerly divided among
the Commissioners of Public Lands
and the Agent of Public Lands under
tho Republic In regard to tho Com
missioner of Agrlculturo and Forestry
it is desired to develop tho scope of
his department to an extent far beyond
tho field of tho old Bureau of Agrlcul
turo and Forestry In which case the
present pay is clearly inadequate Both
of these ofilcers aro recommonded by
tho Federal authorities who aro work
ing for the establishment of an agricul
tural experiment station In the Terri
tory for appointment as Commission
ers in tho management of such station
Tho President of tho Boaul of Health
Is an officer having at times great and
most critical responsibilities jn relation
to the protection of the public health
It is obvious that no ono would bo able
to perform the duties of this position
as thoroughly without pay as If his
tlmo and efforts wero reasonably com
pensated
I recommend that tho beginning of
tho first biennial period of tho Terri
tory hd Set tho first day of July
1901 and that appropriations bo made
accordingly My reasons for this are
First tho financial year of the govern
ment of tho United States begins on the
first day of July of each year under
which rulo our former practice of be
ginning the financial period on tho first
day of January would If continued
be extremel inconvenient and unsuit
able for several reasons particularly
in he matter of statistics and oulcial
reports to the Federal Government
second It would for obvious reasons
be an improvement in our system to
have our financial period follow tho bi
ennial appropriations Instead Of begin
ning seveial months before their pas
sage as heretofore
Such an arrangement was evidently
contemplated by Congress in enact
ing section 53 of tho Territorial Act
as appears by the words which refer to
the regular sessions of the Legisla
ture as preceding the biennial periods
for which thoy make appropriations
The loss of tho tariff and postal reve
nues incident to annexation has been
a serious shock to our financial condi
tion In the period of 1898 and 1899
the revenue from these sources was
5239916787 and the expenses 331270-22-
This reduction of revenues mates it
necessary that a considerable sum of
money should be borrowed for public
ItriDrovomsTitB
The repCr on the financial require
ments for tho coming period contain
statements of estimates of tho Govern
ment income for 1901 both by the
Treasurer and the Auditor the total
estimate of the former being 2311-
000 and that of tho latter 2175650 J
inesft estimates assure mu fiuvurmuuui
sufficient funds for tho satisfactory con
duct of the affairs of the Territory tx
ceptlne In tho matter of public im
provements unless some unforescon
public misfortune should occur call
ing for large expenditures
As the authority of the Territory to
Incur Indebtedness is limited and final
ly subject to the approval of tho Presi
dent it is desirable that the Legislature
should study the question of increasing
the current revenues by methods which
will distribute theburden of taxation
as fairly as possible and gradually re
duce the necessity of borrowing money
for public improvements
The present public debt not Includ
ing deposits in tho Postal Savings
Bank of the Republic of Hawaii which
have been assumed and paid by tlif
United States is 41SG400 Tho Unit
ed States have still to pay 3235429
C9 leaving as tho public debt of the
Territory 95097031
The provision of tho Territorial Act
section 53 relating to loans limits the
amount of Indebtedness that may be in
curred In any one year by tho Terri
tory to ono per centum upon the an
sossed value of tho taxable property of
the Territory as shown by the last gen
eral assessment Tho assessment for
tho year 1900 showod a total valuation
of 97491584 consequently tho in
debtedness that may be incurred in tho
first vear of tho next biennial rf rlod is
97491584 and tho same amount or
more for the second year tho total
loan suggested in the Estimates is 1
940900 one half of which may bo in
curred In each year of the coming pe
riod
Tho report of the Treasurer shows
that tho sum of 799000 has been ad
vanced toyloan accounts from current
fund3 since tho legislative session n
1898 The Estimates provide for the
return of this amount to the current ac
count and Its appropriation as cumin
funds Although this course Is not ab
solutely necessary yet it is very deslr
ablo that It should bo followed for
this reason a very large part of the
revenues are received from taxes on
property during tho latter part of Oc
tober and tho first two weeks of No
vember With our present surplus and
tho monthly revenues from other
sources tho Government will bo out of
funds as shown by the Treasurer sev
eral months boforo property taxes are
collected unless tho return to the cur
rent account ofloan advances as above
suggested be adopted
I recommend tho passage of a loan
act for a larger amount thnn at pres
ent required under which tho Legisla
ture at each session may appropriate
funds as may bo required thus obviat
ing the necessity of passing a new loau
bill at each session Such a course was
adopted by tho Legislature of 1890 and
has been satisfactory
In connection with efforts for tho
suppression of tho bubonio plague
which was epldomlc In Honolulu dur
ing tho winter of 1899 and 1900 a
number of buildings and other prop
erty wero destroyed by tho Board tf
Health and a largor number of build
ings and a greater amount of other
property was destroyed by tho great
flro of January 20th 1900 which was
tho accidental result of a flro stajted
by the Board of Health as a measure
for tho suppression of tho plaguo By
this dlsabter a largo number of people
wero rendered homeless and suffered
serious loss of property
In responso to a suggestion of the
pYpeiitlvft Council tho following tele
gram wag received frojn tho Secretary
Koi 1835
WLawmmttMjjma BMorjLEwi
of State Tho President approve tho
appointment of tho Court of Claim lo
consider losses caused by the bunting
of Chinatown and to niako awards and
judgment on such losses to be paid out
of appioprlatlons mado by tho Coun
cil of State In conformity with tho Ha
waiian law Such a court was ap
pointed on the second day of April
1900 and principles and rules estab
lished for Its government The court
began opeiatlons at once but tho Coun
cil of State upon being called together
refused to approprlato funds for tho
expenses of such court on account of
a disagreement of tho Council with tho
principles nnd rules for the govern
ment of tho court adopted by tho Ex
ecutive Council Tho court thereupon
ceased opcrattoi
Tho matter Is now referred to tho
Legislature of tho Territory
Although as a rulo sovereign states
are not and tho Republic of Hawaii
by Its own laws was not legally bound
to recognlzo in damages claims arising
from such causes and tbcro is noth
ing in the brief message from the Fed
eral government which makc3 It clear
that the President Intended to author
ize a departure from tho usual rule
and Hawaiian law my view of policy
In this matter Is as follows The bu
bonic plague with the resulting deaths
Iho losses by firo and the dancer which
for months menaced tho wholo island
population was a national misforturo
which shotild as far as posslbl be
borno approximately by tho wholo
community Consistently with this
view tho tax payers should nssurao a
reasonable proportion of the losses of
the sufferers in this calamity but no
logical theory requires them to assume
the wholo of such losres as the suf
ferers are equally called upon to bir
their share al What that propor
tion should be Is difficult to say it
can only be decided arbitrarily
Tho fact however that many house
holders and proprietors of promises
that became infected by their- own cul
pable neglect of cleanliness In thoir
surroundings not only invited Infec
tion but gave plaguo germs a foothold
from which it was most difficult to dis
lodge them is a circumstanco that
should greatly reduce awards of dam
ages to such persons if not indeed
cause their claims to bo refused al
together
The matter of awarding damages Is
one of such difficulty and delicacy that
provision should be mado for tho es
tablishment of a court or commission
composed of persons of integrity and
conservative judgment for this work
Tho project of recognizing theso
in damages being ono of government
bounty rather than of legal require
ment the Legislature js not called upon
to Impede tho progrccs of the country
in Its treatment of tho subject but
simply to extend reasonable and ap
proximate relief to the innocent suffer
ers In this great disaster
Although the estimates cover an ag
gregate amount near Ho the limit of
prospective revenues a largo part of
tho item for interest on government In
debtedness will probably not be re
quired as the Federal Government may
be expected to carry out the provision
of the joint resolution of annexation
assuming the payment of interest on
four million dollars of tho indebtedness
of the Ropublic of Hawaii This reduc
tion of that Item will amount to 381
72G9G For the same reason tho in
terest paid by the Territorial govern
ment since the 14th day of Juno 1900
in this account niay be expected to bo
refunded by the Federal Government
This amounts to I0G0G941 Thcro will
therefore be a saving in tho estimates
of 1S779G40 which will bo available
toward the settlement of flro claims
Slnco the cessation of tho bubonio
plague the health of the community has
with the exception of ono or two lo
calities been generally good
With regard to the unfortunate class
confined for tho public safety in tho
settlements of Kalaupapa and Kala
wao it is a satisfaction to bo able to
report that thoir condition as to their
surroundings and tho comforts of life
Is improving from year to year It Is
probable that moie can bo done to al
leviate the hardships of their situation
Legislation providing for appeals from
the decisions of the District Magjstnto
whoso jurisdiction includes tho settle
ment would doubtless add to the con
tent of that community Such apneate
except upon points of law should bo
heard In the settlement Any othf r ar
rangement would seom to be impracti
cable under tho circumstances It is
to bo hoped that the Legislature will
luring this session send a committer
of its members to visit tho settlement
and report on its condition
While tho sanitary state of Hono
lulu has been growing worse for sov
eral years owing mainly to tho entire
absenco of a system of sewerage and
tho rapid Increase of population and
to somo extent to the unhealthy charac
ter of that portion of tho drinking wa
ter which is supplied from the Nuuinu
reservoirs tho prospects ior an iramo
diato Improvement are most engour
aglng A system of sewerage mvorlnc
a largo portion of the city Ins been
nearly completed at a cost of 100 000
and is already partly In use Estimates
necessary for Its completion and ex
tension aro before you I recommend
this matter to your faithful considera
tion
Estimates aro also submitted for tho
Continued on puyey

xml | txt