AUSTIN'S HAWAIIAN WEEKLY.
The President evidently believes
that Aguinaldo means to surrender
and caused the Secretary of State
to telegraph President Schurman of
the Philippines Commission the
nature of the proposed govern
ment. It is to be more civil than mili
tary, and somewhat similar, al
though a little more liberal, even,
than that now in operation in Porto
Rico. The head of the government
will be a Governor, whose func
tions will be civil, although he may
be a military man.
There will be an advisory coun
cil composed of natives of the
Philippines, whose business it will
be to confer with the Governor on
official matters and suggest
changes in the manner of exercis
ing authority. The local govern
ments will be entirely in the hands
of natives, subject to certain super
vision by American authorities.
The plan proposed amounts practi
cally to an autonomous system,
and it is believed here that it will
be acceptable to the natives. It
will continue only until Congress
decides what shall be the character
of the permanent government of
It would almost seem as through
the Americans were a little too san
guine of peace when almost simul
taneously Aguinaldo cabled the
Filipino Junta in London as
"The Filipino government, in
accordance with the general feeling
of the country, has decided to con
tinue the war at all costs until in
dependence is secured. The Fili
pinos energetically refuse tne
Americans' peace overtures, based
on restrictive autonomy coupled
with promise of a subsequent self
government. "The Filipinos demand a strict
fulfillment of the articles of the
American Constitution and treaties
contracted by the American repre
sentatives when imploring a Fili
pino alliance in combatting the
"All the Filipino Generals sup
port Aguinaldo. General Luna's
reported overtures for peace are
untrue. Our army is near Manila,
simultaneously attacking the whole
American line. The heat and rains
are causing many casualties in the
American Army. All the hospitals
are crowded with sick and
wounded. Four hundred of the
Cincinnati Regiment have been im
prisoned by General Otis for in
subordination in refusing to fight.
The regular troops quartered in
Manila and other towns are quiet.
The volunteers are abused and al
ways at the front with scanty ra
tions. The discontent between the
Americans and Europeans is general."
Process of Americanizing.
It is dawning upon the Cubans
that American methods are very
different from the Spanish.
La Patria one of the best edited
and most influential papers in Ha
vana says editorially:
"If any shadow of doubt could
remain as to the absolutely imper
ative necessity of the expulsion of
the old Spanish regime in order
that Cuba may have true liberty
and progress it must vanish when
one analyzes the series of phenom
ena developed before our sight
day by day. We are eliminating
traditional impediments and get
ting rid of the apparently impass
able obstacles which four centuries
of evil training in political admini
tration had thrown in our path."
La Patria goes on to contrast
the American method with that of
the "obstinate Spanish," in dealing
with even the simplest reforms. On
this point it says:
"Formerly there was agitation
among the people: oceans of ink
and tons of paper were used ; floods
of oratory were poured out, and
then everything ended at Madrid
in the froth of Spanish promises.
On the other hand, in these days of
fruitful though silent work," we
learn of the most radical reforms
when they are published in the
Official Gazette without hcin pre
ceded by a magnificent conglome
ration of oratory and colored fire.
An order of six lines, with a very
short preamble, will represent
some bold and beneficent measure.
I might say that for us, a thin sheet
of paper separates the mediaeval
world from the nineteenth century
and oftentimes the writing is not
indispensable to enable us to pass
from darkness to light."
As an illustration of its argu
ment, La Patria cites the separa
tion of church and state and draws
a picture of "the wild parliament
ary scenes" that would have oc
cured if such a subject had been
agitated in the eighteenth century.
"Yet this has been accomplished,"
it says, "by the Americans, and
through this a thousand enormities
have been effaced."
Coroner "Was the victim con
scious when you reached him?"
Pat "Yis, sor; he worr. But be
chune us, I don't belave he knew
ut." Philadelphia North American.
After the reports of lynching
and actually roasting negroes alive
in the south it is refreshing to find
that there are notable exceptions.
The associated press says: Frank
W. McCarthy, one of the most pro
minent negroes in Southwest Geor
gia died at his home May 9. His
funeral was held here on the loth,
and was attended by an immense
throng of both whites and blacks.
For the first time in the history
of Albany, a town of 8000 inhabit
ants, every store and office was
closed in honor of a negro, no
business being transacted while the
funeral was in progress. McCarthy
never dabbled in politics, but was
probably the most influential negro
in the country. His death is de
plored by white and colored people.
Lord Salisbury's measured neg
lect of national prejudices con
tinues to occupy public attention.
Things are not going well in China,
and anxiety is felt as to the failure
of the recent attempt to come to an
understanding with Russia. Anx
iety is also caused by American
difficulties in the Philippines, and
the reported statement of General
Lawton that 100,000 men would be
required to conquer and hold the
islands has induced certain scribes
to predict the abandonment of 1
American possessions in the Far '
East. Jingo England would be
very, very sorry if Uncle Sam
abandoned his imperial projects.
Those acquainted with the Amer
can character are aware how little
foundation there is for the rumor.
That temporary checks are irrita
ting when fighting in a vile climate
with a race "half devil and half
child" is fully intelligible; but after
the object-lesson of our costly
scuttle from the Transvaal and the
Sudan, it is incredible that the
United States will dream of relin
quishing the burden of her respon
sibilities in the Far East, whatever
may be the destiny provided for the
Filipinos when law and order arc
established. London correspondent
in Harpers' Weekly.
Spheres of Influence.
The correspondence between
England and Russia has been made
public and is interesting as show
ing the agreement as to the spheres
of influence of the powers in China.
In clause 1 Great Britain en
gages not to seek either for herself
or in behalf of others railway con
cessions north of the Great Wall,
and not to obstruct Russian appli
cations for concessions in that
In clause 2 Russia makes a simi
lar agreement toward Great Britain
relative to the basin of the
Clause 3 says that the contract
from the parties, having in no wise
in view to infringe in any way the
sovereign rights of China or exist
ing treaties, will not fail to commu
nicate to the Chinese Government
the present arrangement, which,
by averting all cause of complica
tions between them, is of a nature
to maintain peace in the Far East
and serve the interests of China
A second note, forming an
addendum to the first, commences:
"In order to complete the notes ex
changed respecting the partition of
spheres for concessions for railways
in China," and then proceeds to
record an agreement regarding the
New Chwang Railway, protecting
rights acquired under the loan con
tract and providing that the rail
way must remain a Chinese line,
suhiect to the Central Government,
and cannot be mortgaged or
alienated to a non-Chinese company.
The Eastern peoples are gen
erally sharply distinguished from
Europeans by the "quiescence."
The Chinaman, for example, can
write all day, work all day, stand in
one position all day, weave, beat
gold, carry ivory, do infinitely te
dious jobs for ever and ever, and
discover no more weariness and
irritation than if he were a machine.
This quality appears in early life.
There are no restless, naughty boys
in China. They are all appealingly
good, and will plod away in school
without recesses or recreation of
any kind. The Chinaman can do
without exercise. Sport or play
seems to him so much waste labor.
He can sleep anywhere, and in any
position amid rattling machinery,
deafening uproar, squealing child
ren, and quarrelling adults.
France is passing through a re
newal of excitement attending the
Dreyfus case. The Figaro, an in
fluential daily newspaper, has made
some startling revelations which, if
true, prove conclusively that the
conviction of the famous prisoner
was the grossest parody on justice
in the annals of the French nation.
The conviction of Dreyfus was
based on a secret dossier, the docu
ments comprising which neither
the accused nor his counsel were
permitted to see. Men high in civil
and military life declared the pris
oner to be guilty, and he was ac
cordingly condemned. The Figaro,
by some means, lias obtained
copies of these secret documents,
which have been so zealously
guarded, and has made them
public. Further revelations are to
follow. The outcome is problema
tical, for although much of the evi
dence of the dossier, it is believed,
can be proven to be false, revision
would mean the indictment of men
of such prominence, that even the
scandal attending the Panama re
velations would be outdone.
Engagement of the Emiueut Actor,
Ami His Associate Players,
THE BKIGHT AND
"I HIE AW
A perfect production in every detail.
Special Scenery and Elegant New Cos
tumes made especially for the piny.
Reserved seats for both perform
ances now on sale fit Wall, Nichols
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