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AUSTIN'S HAWAIIAN WEEKLY
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The Palisades, back of Aluiimumi.
ll'h lo ly ftanna.
of the blackest i.n;t ra :it liawaiun history and had the effect of re
tarding Ir.di r.l'lr.1 jmsmls far the :ie:l fiitocn years.
The biig.tr iutltisfi y was not revived to any extent until late in the
no's and ia:ly (. si v. 'in (.(. Mr Lie, at t'lupahikua, Maui, Cant. Ross
and the Pchs en Kai ai .U;et ?. I. Aus'iii and the Hitohcocks at Hilo,
Fiitln r llrnd at Kiln-'a Hawaii, thi. HaUlvlns, t-he Uaileys and Campbell
& Turton on Maui ni'd i.uti v other eaiiy pionceis tack up the business
with varying 8U,j.s-s. Lint the latter day development in the nugar
Iridustiy really dates from the signing of the reciprocity fiMiv in jXIO.
CV Ulaus Srpm-I.ols in that jear made his appearance in Hawaii and
statu i! lAisro culm riih'b. M.u- and tlie entry of ilawaliii'i sii,:..i- ni'o
the United States free uf tm lrid a stimulating luflti :ii& upon Urn
lndnstiy, which has tsadiiv increased until it is estimated that the crop
of 18!)!i i cached Si. I'M) tons uf sugar.
Tho subject uudcitakm hiiv-wilh is a veiy largo and important one,
nnti 1 must feiifim 1 ni pn rl it with diffidence. Yet I feel that few, it
any, are Ir-ttt:- c t : j . .1 1' the woil; than myself, as I was born and
brovght up in th s'';,i hubln s.s and in later life here received a
careful t. aining .is a wipe--. I am familiar with the history and de
velopment of in'aily all thi plantations in the Islands and know the na
ture of the hinds an I .'is lemarkable evolution In sugar machinery.
I have also had the advantage of visiting many of the large sugar dis
tricts of the world. I am, therefore, impelled to take up this work,
which seems to me of such Importance, as much from a sense of
duty as from motives of prolit. But the work cannot he made successs
ful except with the hearty co-operation of those Interested In sugar.
It Is proposed to first publish the work in serial form In the quarterly
magazine editions of AUSTIN'S HAWAIIAN WEEKLY, then revise
tho work for publication In book form. This will give those Interested
an opportunity to eriilo the subject matter and correct any errors
made, prior to final publlcition. It Is hoped that all kamnalnas noting
such errors will take the trouble to write a letter pointing them out,
tbat the hook may bo as t.urhentic as possible. The book will ho pro
fusely decorated with artistic up-to-date illustrations form all parts
of the Islands.
The island of Oahu. as, indeed, are all of tho Hawaiian Islands, is re
plete with legendary lore, ot tales of the exploits of chiefs of ye olden
time; of the mysterious :.nd marvelous deeds of Gods and Goddesses,
nil of which aie of interest Mid tempt the writer to tin ti aside from the
more serious work in hand to relate them. Hut these must await an
Of all the Islands, Oahu ranks first in Importance by reason of Its
being tho spat of fcovernmrnt since the federation of the Islands, at the
beginning of tho vicssnt century, by Kamehanieha I, after his success
ful wars and the submgalion of all the chiefs claiming sovereignty
over tho various island;, l'p to 1SS1I it was, industrially speaking, the
least impoiianl, yet it is the most populous Island, because Honolulu,
tlie largest city of the Moup Is located there. In fact, until quite re
cently since Mic city of Hilo has become an Important business rival,
the entile s-'hipping and commercial business ot the Islands has been
done by Honolulu
Like all of the Islands of Die group, Oahu is mountainous in the cen
ter, with broad acres of iertile land extending in gentle slopes to the
sea. The lands at the sea level are to a largo extent swampy, owing to
the numoroiio springs at sea level. In old prehistoric times this land
was used for the gi owing oi taro, the native food which requires
large quantities of water. The groat extent of these ancient loi's (taro
fields,) so graded that the water will run from one to the other to
Hood them or to drain them et will, is the most forcible evidence of tho
truth of the talcs the Hawaiians tell of the great population tho Islands
on en sustained, but which, owing to tho terrible mortality of tho san
guinary Intel "eiiln. wais el Kamchamoha I, and tho epidemics and
other evils introduced by eilvili.ation, has been reduced to a more
haiMllul of people . Uiiring tho last twenty years the aieas that once
yielded tho sustenance f:- a largo native population have been utilized
for rico culture, whiofi is now an impoilnnt industry.
Up to ten years ago tho sugar industry had not progressed to any
groat evtent. The Wnlmnnitlo, Waianae Plantations and tho llalstedd
1 iIIS6 y !
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