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The Honolulu republican. (Honolulu, T.H.) 1900-1902, June 16, 1900, Image 1

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85047165/1900-06-16/ed-1/seq-1/

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25 B3 THE HONOLULU REPUBLICAN.
TOLUME I, 50. 3 HONOLULU, TERRITORY OF HAML SATURDAY, JUNE 16, 1900 PRICE 2SIVE CENTS
"4
JOOD OlTIM
f -i-l?
. 05" HAWAII
v. .Inspector Townsend
6 Return From
Big Island.
SQIIOOLS IX GOOD ORDER.
-TESTING GROWING AT
HIGHER ALTITUDES
THAN BEFORE.
Government School at Olaa Over-Crowded
and Entirely
quatc to the Needs of
g ' , the People
Townsend, who
has Jubt returned from a trip or Inspection
on the Island of Hawaii, reports
that ht began biB work at Kallua. The
, sqhools tberc are reported to he in
about their usual condition.
"When I was at Kailua," said Mr.
Townsend, "the neighborhood was considerably
excited about the strikes on
the BUgar plantations. Otherwise than
for labor trouble, I do not think the
outlook for the plantations at all baJ.
"I found, however, that there was
but little work for me to do in the region
of Kallua and, consequently, I
passed over to Soutli Kona. There is
- considerable now life there, nnd all are
Intoroetod at present In sugar cane.
"Mr. W. It. Castle, who owns tho
lands of Kalahlki and Hookcna, has
been contracting with landholders of
the region to buy such cane as they
"" may grow within tho next year or two.
The result is that the small landholders
are becoming planters. I saw many
holdings In sugar running from one to
twenty acres. Mr. Castle Is himself
planting a good deal at Kalahiki, the
silo of tho old Morgan & McStocker
coffee plantation.
"On this land I saw some of the best
f coffee and also some of the best sugarcane
I have seen for a long time. This
sugar plantation is Inducing a large
numbor of Hawalians to move from
thoir prcsont homes on the beach to the
higher lands. Of course, this interferes
to some extent with the attendance
at tho school at Hookcna, and It
may bo necessary to Temove the school
house" to the upper road in the near
future.
"From hero I crossed over into Kau.
This district Is recovering from the
drought, which did so much damage,
and everything now appears to bo prosperous.
The chief injury done by the
dry weathor was to the stock ranches.
Cattle generally looked thin, but as the
grass was getting good when I left, cattle
were In a fair way to get along well.
"Crops on the higher levels do not
scorn to have suffered from the drought
ut all. Mr. C. M. Wallon, manager of
Pahala plantation, told me he had recently
taken off -a crop averaging six
tons to the acre from a field at an ele
ction of 2S50 feet. This Is the highest
elevation yet recorded as far as 1 know.
Such a crop is certainly very gratifying
nnd, i! typical, will add greatly to the
sugar-producing area of the Islands. A
company ot planters has already cleared
and "planted a field higher up than
this.
"The schools of the Kau district were
in as good a condition as 1 ever saw
thorn. From Kau I went to the volcano
and down to Olaa. Jn this region
there Is perhaps the greatest
change in the shortest time that has
ever been seen during the industrial
development of the Hawaiian Islands.
"Mr. Peter McRae told me they had
already plowed 5500 acres of cane land
1 at Olaa, and in a short time lipped to
have 300 acres more ready for pleating;
Tho Olaa cane looks well and the
land seems to me to be all right Some
people are planting at a higher level
than tho plantation proper, and their
cane looks well. If It proves to be the
case that cano will grow In. Olaa at a
level as high as in Kan. there is land
enough now above the Ola plantation
to make another as large.
"There Is a lot of iand in the neighborhood
of our largest Olaa school,
which was originally laid out for native
homesteads, but which has not yet
been disposed of. It seems to me that
it would be judlciou to set aside a
portion cf this land for the use of the
.schools for planting sugarcane
"it seems that away back in the $s
the children of the public schools were
oncpuYaged to go Into agriculture and
to,workfor gain under the instructions
of their teachers. This method was car-Tied
on so successfully that the product
of such enterprises. In manycases, exceeded
the salary or the teacher- Another
effort in the same lias w&s made
about the 10s, but at that tita a day
of bier plantations was on. Men had
centered their interests ia sugar, and
this was to be produced by low-grade
labor from Asia or elsewhere Interest
la the mattcxjjhereforc, waged &
the experimengff this direction ee
Jo a standstill.
The present seeass to e to be an
opportune time for reviving sack an
enterprise. The coatracttabor system-is
gone, and the popularity of coolie
labor has probably goae with it I hope
sow that agricultural labor will, rise to
something like its own tree dignity in
ifeb Minds, of the peoftk.
"This assms to be the bet time
stfcfo for tho schools to do their part
- temrfe tuning the eyee ot t jpoplc
toward the cultivation of the soil.
TfeMtettee NNMj;ers are aore ineliaed
than ever before to Rive the small
planter favorable terms.
Tbe Government school at Otaa. is
naturally overcrowded, and Is at all
times inadequate to the needs of the
present population. From Olaa. I went
to PohaikI, passing through the lands
of the new Pdbf plantation. This enterprise
Is developing; slowly, Init more
or less surely. The faith of the promoters
in the plantation is evident
from the fact that no stocks have been
offered for sale and that none is likely
to be sold. The plantation will remain
the private property of a few individuals
for the present.
"I made a hasty trip to the little
town of Kohala, where there is considerable
interest being felt in the devel
opment of an. artesian-well water supply
to be used in a larger scheme of irrigation
for all the lands down to the
sea. Heretofore, these lands have been
too dry to produce good crops of cane,
and large areas have, consequently,
never been cultivated,
outlook for the plantation at all bad.
simmerings of the political pot At one
place I was called upon to assist in thp
organization of the Republicans. Although
it is my intention to do all that
1 can to keep politics out of our school
work, I was prevailed upon to take this
much part In the organization of good
government In Hawaii."
BELIEVE THEY
SHOULD MAEEY.
What Holyoke School Principals
Must Do in Order to Betain
Positions All Engaged
Now.
HOLYOKE, Mass., June 3. The
Holyoke School Board does not
to be accused of discouraging
matrimonial advancement In fact, it
has just taken a step that will lead several
couples to the altar soon, or the
possible grooms will be out of work.
A few days ago members of the board
made a tour of several school buildings
to inspect the work and ascertain how
pupils and teachers wero getting along.
In two buildings there wero bachelor
principals, while in the third was a
young principal fresh from college.
After the members of the board had
explored the buildings wheie one of
the bachelors taught and had questioned
the principal closely, Committeeman
Carmody, who acted as spokesman,
said:
"The committeo is very well pleased
with the way you have carried on the
work last year, but there is one thing
that wo feel should be impressed upon
you, and the position you take in the
matter will determine to a considerable
extent your continued services here.
To bo frank with you. It is the wish of
tho members that you marry. We havij
decided to make a rule that all principals
of grammar schools shall hereafter
be married, as wo believe better
results can be attained."
The two bachelors and young college
graduate are now all engaged, and
will be reappointed If they carry out
their intentions to get married.
ENGLAND TO
PUSH HER TRADE.
Plans to Havo the Government
Agents 'in All Parts of the
World Aid Business
Houses.
LONDON, June 3. The British Gov
ernment is about to launch a comprehensive
system of inquiry into the best
means of developing the country's foreign
trade. The Inquiry will be made
under tho direction of the Board of
Trade. It is planned to have Her Majesty's
ambassadors, ministers and consuls
furnish the merchants and manufacturers
at home Information which
British tradesmen can turn to account.
Records will be kept not only of market
fluctuations and conditions of supply
and demand, but also of detailed
facts relative to tariffs, weights and
measures, rates of exchange, interest,
freights and insurance, credit systems
and price lists of every conceivable
commodity in which England competes
with other nations. It is also planned
to establish In London a great museum
of commercial samples from all isirts
of the world, similar tof.the institution
existing In Philadelphia.
Coincident iwth the .foundation of
this information bureau, the Foreign
Office announces the appointment cf
four "ambassadors of commerce," who
are to be stationed at important foreign
trade centers for the purpose of answering
questions on commercial matters.
Russia, the United States, Switzerland
and Central America sre the
first countries to be invaded by these
new agents. Tn the American republic
Mr, p. Seymour Bell is going to
If English tradesmen generally avail
themselves of ifc nw system it will he
extBdd until t emferapes every land
touched by British Merchant ships. The
commercial coaeerpg of Loa'doa however,
are not united in approval plhe
scheme, whichthe critics call
declaring that the
has no right to furnish to everybody
ta&rmation, the prior exclusive
poeeessioa o $? bjch often is the individual
compeiUoVk jla hojw of. profit
;'.":.
Tie s4w4 fcgrg leo open but one
day this weeje
Tfee r&uahea seniors ewre. a dance
at tfe 0stie XwBorial Hoe iasi
ereobi& whfc vjmj eii atiBdeL
Hereafter letters imifel &&&
must be eadosd ia s4ap4 y4ifMw
purchased at'the Poet office.
The eotsl( oeUfc for th sew
market, whiofc will IwJaaoUd.fc th
Waverly Biook aa Jletttti , wiU be
breisbOBttvoBctfH. '
WILL MIKE
BRICK ME
Testsby theHome Company
Have Been
Successful.
TO ERECT TEX XEW HISS.
TWO TO BE 1'IXKT)
ATEET WITS IiABGE
CAPACITY.
Experiments Have, Shown that Good
Building Brick Can be Produced
in Honolulu
Means Much.
The new Honolulu Brick Company,
which has its kilns on the Nuuanu valley
road leading to the Pall and above
the residence of F. A. Schaefer, has
everything in readiness for the first big
run next week.
It will be remembered that experiments
were made some time ago with
the beds of clay found in that locality,
and the fact clearly demonstrated that
the clay would make good brick. A
small kiln was erected and a lot of
bricks turned out These were submitted
to severe tests and found to
answer all the requirements of the
builders.
Two large kilns have recently been
erected, and on Monday next the company
will start in on the first big run
of half a million -bricks. All of" these
will be utilized by the company as fast
as burned in erecting necessary buildings
for its own convenience. Eight
more kilns are to be constructed at
once, and when they are completed the
company will be in a condition to help
supplj' the local demand.
Questioned by a Republican reporter
as to the future capacity of the works,
one of the heaviest stockholders In thB
enterprise said yesterday:
"With the ten kilns we shall erect at
once we shall be enabled to turn out
about "5,000 bricks per day, and our
daily output will make a respectable
pile. The beds of clay in the vicinity
of the works, which we already control,
will last us a long time ht that rate,
and in the meantime we are looking
out for more.' Indeed, I may say that
we have found several large deposits.
For obvious reasons, I cannot inform
you of tehir exact whereabouts, but
they are within a reasonable distance
from the city.
"There is plenty of clay to be found
near Honolulu, such as It is, but it is
only certain kinds that will do for
brickmaking. Most of the clay I have
examined here contains too much alluvial
matter or common soil. There is
also to be found several deposits of
kaolin or pottery clay, samples of
which have been sent by Dr. Waltpr
Maxwell to the Paris Exposition. These
deposits of kaolin wilL some day be
quite valuable, as the European manufacturers
are always on the lookout for
them, and, more especially, for new
kinds. Dr. Maxwell's researches and
experiments on the soils of Hawaii are
of particular Interest to us, as you may
readily imagine, and the exhibit he has
sent to Paris and which, I believe, is
included in that of the United States
Commissioner of Agriculture, will undoubtedly
attract much attention from
pottery men in England and on the
Continent"
It was also ascertained from further
questioning that there is no further
doubt about the bricks made by this
concern being durable and able to
Stand the 'requisite pressure in heavy
walls. It is almost impossible to import
brick from California fast enough
to supply the local demand, which will
increase in an enormous ratio when the
present fire limits are extepded by the
next Legislature and the rebuilding of
Chinatown permitted.
Stamps on Certificates.
The Internal revenue stamp on all
transfers of stock- in addition to the
regular Hawaiian stamp tax If causing
a great deal of complaint One large
plantation agency. It Is stated, hs refused
to transfer or issue any pore
stock until it is decided positively If
the two stamps are required,. The Hawaiian
Government stamp Js 20 cents
on each $100 face value, and the war
tax is 2 cents on each ?100 valuation
or fraction hereof, This double sum is
thought excessive, and in a. very short
time the matter will be settled. The
United States internal revenue officials
say that the Hawaiian tax Js illegal,
is not illegal and that the stamp must
Notaries Public
Chief Justice Frear gave an. audience
to a number of notaries public yesterday
KgrptBC who were anxious to hear
his interpreutiea ePUif eip?S!? ISW
as affecting; them and their oSeial da-ties.
The Chief Justice said that the
Supreme Court had already ruled in a
former case that notaries were included
Is he word, "ocers," as'ased In
the foosfr ttxtnlx aad is the sew
Territorial act, as&. therefor?, lie pro-
visions or the act relating to csscers
woahl k9iy to thW!
Ua! ?? Witt S
Frsrri aad exp&aN. kerskd. that
J1 &J v '!, - JP" - -
ow.o eoptipaterj t&$aiKl
MbterJbe mm eitfc, which caa
fcee i flip otoejiCPJr
& a. T
car? P4pi,
- f f -
: icS&j'"' "V
As to their requiring new
from the Governor, the Chief Justice
said the Territorial act expressly
said that all officers should continue to
bold their offices until the end of the
first session of the Territorial Senate,
when they would expire by limitation
unless renewed. As to changing the
form of their seals ftom "Hawaiian
Islands" to Territorr of Hawaii,' the
judge held that to be a matter of preference
as Jong as the notaries acted
under their old commissions. The
wording of all certificates granted hy
notaries hereafter, however, should be
changed to conform to the new conditions.
.j
Amusements.
A good performance of "Fra
was given to a fair honse last
night Mr. Arnold, he fills Mr. Baker's
place during the sickness of the
latter, acquitted himself creditably.
Mr. Wolff appears to be growing Li
favor with Honolulu audiences, bis humor
poosessing the delightful merit ol
never seeming to grow stale. Mr. Goh
who, by the way, sang the Count really
magnificently last night, displayed
more dramatic ability than before, and
Is growing much easlerin the part of
the robber chieftain. Miss Ladd was lu
good voice, anu the whole performance
is going smoothly and well and should
draw a crowded house to-night
Owing to holidays, there was no
matinee last week, but the opportunity
of seeing 'Tra Diavolo' for 25 and 50
cents should tempt many to the
this afternoon. Mr. Baker Is
somewhat better, and is expected to be
in shape to sing in "The Mascotte" on
Monday.
ADOPTS POLICY
OF EXPULSION.
Austria to Impose Severe Measures
Upon Former Citizens Who
Return as Naturalized
Americana. '
VIENNA, June 1. The Austrian
Government, apparently, has adopted
the settled policy of expelling on their
return to the country all naturalized
American citizens of Austrian birth,
who according to the authorities' inference,
have emigrated for purposes of
escaping military service. There can
be-no question that the military authorities
are concerned over the emigration
of eligible youths, and they in-
many instances that have arisen within
the last 12 months, the following is
important as illustrating the situation:
Adolph Fischer, a clerk in Cook's
tourist agency at "Vienna, was born in
Germany, but was brought to Vienna
at the age of 4 and became a natural
ized Austrian subject At 14 he was examined
with a view to service in the
army, but at 21 he was not accepted oh
account of the immaturity law, though
he was required to present himself
again for re-examination a year later.
In the meantime, in 18SS, Mr. Fischer
went to Chicago, in the employ of
Cook's agency, became a naturalized
American citizen, joined the First Illinois
Regiment and served at the timH
of the Pullman riots. Returning to Vienna
in 1895 he was absolutely unmolested
by the authorities until last
April, when he was suddenly summoned
by the police and -ordered to
leave Austria forthwith.
The American Legation intervened
and appealed to the Governor of Lower
Austria, Count Kilmannsegg, who referred
the Minister to the Foreign Office.
The Government now upholds the
police decision, and Mr. Fischer has
been ordered to leave Austria within
30 days. He Is not liable to punishment,
since he is protected by the
treaty with the United States; but the
authorities take the position that his
presence is objectionable, since he offers
a bad example, and will ha likely
to suggest to others the idea of emigrating
to America to escape military
service. The officials, further, contend
that banishment is not punishment
Mr. Fischer's claim is that as an
American citizen returning to his native
land to reside with his aged -mother
he ought to he permuted o remain
in the country o losf; as fep tjoeg not
violate ita.IaVrt
CAPTAIN BOWER'S
VERSION.
Tells How a Jap Caught a Chinaman,
and $50 in a Box Under
His Arm.
t W&s IgarSfd. through Captain Bowers
last Right tfet afc i "o'clock; tho
morning before one of his men heard
a noise in back of a lodging.honse on
Lillha street Inveetigatioa "was at
once made, an dthe oSeer oa duty
found a Japanese and a Chinaman
mlxe tj?
It seems, fro the testimony of native
witaeriges, that ttUag have been
frequent ia the aelghharaood during
the past ten days." Captain --Bowers,'
therefore, putoae of hja.asea oa doty.
After the Japa&eee aad Chiaaaaa were
arrestfd &e Iara?4 ifet U$ HST2?
the rojt toj tjgaftcf tip the Upases?,
being, oat'&tc aaCretaraisg. saw the.
Chlaamaa cosing, froiihhi quarters.
The ChiaaBMUi Jihad a. box under his.
ngf M?fc; Js9jaittTijaiK
TOaana ,rfeu
stght'wiwa arnffeC? ho-Wea-
talaei imp watmmt P te .,.:
'ii..
'$ J
3H
EAGER TO
FIGHT RUSSIA
Japan in a 'Rage Over
Her Position in
Korea.
BEATEOYTirOUSCOYITE
WOULD T.TTTK TO NATCH HEP.
STRENGTH ON THE
WATNLAND.
British Influence Being Exerted to
Restrain the Advisers of the
Mikado Czar Gaining
Power in the East.
ST. PETRERSBURG, May 2S (via
Paris, May 30. Notwithstanding the
fact that British and Japanese intrigues
have compelled the Seoul government
to refuse to cede to Russia tho
port of Masanpho, the Russo-Korean
treaty of May 6 is a victory for the Russian
policy in the Far East Korea has
yielded to Russia certain lands on
which to establish naval warehouses,
coaling stations and an arsenal, and
thus the nation has a guaranty of a
permanent station from which to overlook
and control the future movements
of Japan and Great Britain In Asia.
The Czar's ministers are delighted
with the skill and energy shown In the
last two months by M. Pavloff, the Russian
Minister at Seoul, and Japan Is
correspondingly enraged. The St Petersburg
cabinet and the foreign diplomats
here think it quite possible fhat
Japan may even make war upon this
empire during the coming summer.
British influence at Tokyo, however, is
striving to restrain Japanese rashness.
The Japanese Minister at St Petersburg,
however, Is seeking to benefit his
country's interests in Korea. To this
end he makes frequent calls at the
ish Embassy, urging that the Salisbury
government should make open
protest against Russian operations in
'Korea and AniiC generally.
The Russian Minister of War, M.
Kouropatkine, and the war party generally,
are jubilant over the measure
of success that nas attended Russian
diplomacy thus far, and urge that the
score with Japan should be settled
promptly while Great Britain is engaged
In the Transvaal war. The present
attitude of Turkey and Afghanistan
toward England, they say, greatly
strengthens the hands of Russia, and
they declare that for five years to come,
at the very least, Great Britain cannot
assist Japan, on account of Its own
troubles, present and prospective.
The visit to St Petersburg of the
Shah of Persia is awaited with interest
Great doings in his honor are
ing. .Kis majesty is tq Daa nealtu, so
his progress through Russia will be
slow, and it has been ordered for political
effect that wherever he stops
the highest honors and the utmost cordiality
be shown him. He will pass
through the Caucasus and thence
northward through Russia In Europe.
Russia's relations in Kabul also are
excellent The present attitude of the
Ameer toward England is a source of
grave worry to the
especially the fact that Abdurrahman
Khan has not only permitted,
hut invited, the advance cf Russian
troops to his frontier. While British
trade in Afghanistan is languishing,
the trade of Russia is constantly improving,
and the Ameer is inclined to
establish permanent commercial stations
in Russia, whilf Russian, agents
swarm jp Afghanistan.
Russia's wise tolerance of the peculiarities
of luussulmans in her own borders
appeals to the Ameer, who fears
tnat Great Britain aims at aiding the
Sultan of Turkey In reducing Afghanistan
to subjection to his caliphate.
Moreover, the Ameer is igpressed,and
unfavorably, by the famine and plague
which -are. "scourging the M&sSlrtmitgs
of British Inta. Hg is anxlous.tb settle
the fata of his country before his
death. He believes he may best pin his
faith, to Russia, and at this very moment
he is planning to send a host of
likely young Afghans to Russia for
military and civil educat(onj" " ""
Treasurer Cooper.
Henry E. Cooper, Secretary of tho
Territory, was. yesterday sworn in as
Territorial xreasurer. The appointment
was made by Governor Dale yesterday
xqqrgifcg. It la a. regular appointment
and not pro tern. There Is
an understanding between the Governor
and newly-appointed Treasurer
that the latter will resign as sooq as a
selection Is made of auQth.er flsan for
the positiQB, a Ui meanwhile, Mr.
Cogger jill aTa the daa! capacity of
Secretary and Trisujurer, The. JV
and" Qeorjje Ashley are each
proBiineBtly as the successor of
Treasurer Cooper. .
M
j ekasrixatalaWaai Sritoas to
x Xaaalate CaoMgia. n
LONDON. Xy 3LTk gcrary of
8tate J&t the OeWfec, Xr. Joseph
ChaBheriaia; la his. speech lo-day at
the; WKrtiar of th UalrerrttT'of Btr
Bltuin," aLi, . ij: A i
university and the report of the deputation,
which, at Mr. Carnegie's
had visited "the great
the United States and Canada. That.
report, he added, showed how it was
that Great Britain was behindhand in
preparation for the imminent great
struggle cf commercial competition between
nations. He eulogized the splendid
system and equipment of the American
ami Canadian colleges, saying it
was the outcome of great liberality of
the wealthy classes across the Atlantic,
and earnestly appealed for imitation
and emulation here.
RETiTEF ON BIG SCALE. ,
EJopsch. Surprised at Extent of
Suffering in India. "
CALCUTTA, May 31. Dr. Louis
Klopsch of New York, who has been investigating
famine conditions in India,
is now in Calcutta, having arranged to
leave for home Saturday. He declared
to your correspondent that before coming
to India he had no conception of
the extent of the famine or Its horrors,
and has been amazed wherever he has
been to see the gigantic scale on which
the Government has carried on relief
work and the wonderful organization
that has been perfected hy the authorities.
"This is the greatest object lesson in
the way of 'bearing the white man s
burden,' said Dr. Klopsch. "the world
has ever seen. Every facility for my
inspection has everywhere been gladly
accorded me. and I have been warmly
received. Notwithstanding the Immense
sums the Government Is devoting
to relief work, there is ample scope
for outside help, and especially in the
way of supply agricultural Implements
and stocKf"
THE RAILWAY AN INDEX
SOME CTGTJRES GIVEN TO PEOVE
THE BUI.E.
When Earnings Fall A-s-ay Managers
Economise Hallway Building-
Means Prosperity.
WASHINGTON, June 4. "There is
no better index of business in the
United States than the condition of the
railroads," said Clarence D. Clark,
chairman of the Senate Committee
Committee on Railroads.
"When railroads are carrying lots of
passengers we know that the people
nave money to spenu in traveling or
that business compels them to travel.
Tho larger the earnings of the railroads
the more satisfied are those of the mer
chants and manufacturers who are
shipping and receiving the goods.
"Between the years 1S33 and 1S95
there was a los3 of ?350 per mile in the
passenger earnings of the railroads of
the United States. In 1S95 the freight
earnings of all the rewdg wore $T73 per
mile less than In 1S93. Adding this to
the loss of passenger earnings makis a
total Iosa of $1,12C per mile In 1!95, as
compared with the freight and passenger
earnings for all the roads in 3Sfi3,
Apply this to the 1SO.O0O mllci of road
In operation in that year and we have
a total loss of 2Q2,CSi),u0O for all roads.
"In 153S tho pasesnger earnings were
549 per mile more than in 1S9?, and the
freight earnings ?643 per mile. La3t
year the gain in passenger earuiaijs
was $1S1 per mile over 1593, and in
freight earnings $SQl per mile. This
gives us a gain in 1839 of $932 per mile
over the earnings of all tha roads In
1S95, or a total of U76.760.000.
"When their earnings were falUts
away the railroads began to economize
and more than lCO.CC ties were discharged
fronv 1S93 to IS9C. In 1S95 J.9,
524 men. had been re-employed, making
a total of 938 more men employed
in 1898 tha nln 1S93. Last year the
railroads increased their force of.
by upward of 100,000 jnn, and
the additional amount f "wages exceeded
?100,0OQe. During the four
years o( Mr. Cleveland's second term
onlyf549 miles of track were laid in
me ynueu biases, Arrangements nave
been made, (op the construction qf
ah..fit c8,t!M miles of new road durirg
the coming year. The average number
of empIoyeaIa 474 "to evry iv
miles of road, so that this MeV construction
means fa?'ymnt for 273,-660
more ra.UsMl men anjl $280,000,000
&
DENT "VISITS WEBE INSPIRED.
Newspaper Declares Germany Did
Not Causa of
Hilitarjr.
BERLIN, June 3. The Vienna Frele
Presse. In a recent article, declared
that the recent visit of the Austrian.
German, and British military attaches
at Constantinople to Tarious courte of
the Turkish empire was brought about
by the inspiration of Germany. The
Norddeutsche Allgemeine Zeituag denies
the truth of. this aseertioa, alleging
that the meeting of the military
representatives ot the varices powers
as wholly
It waa aeatiesed in these dispatches
a few weeks ago teat the Turkish warship
Assari Tewhfc was being held at
the Genoa shipyards, because the Turkish
Government was usable to guar-
antee payment. The veesol sow has
arrived at K(sJ4 alter a very lose trip,
in. coieqeacof its disabled
and irUi ha repaired by Herr
Krapp,- who apparently has better
means of saklag collectkws at
by- the
nauaB. ,
s spring fanme.o! iae ixoopsaere,
MB SM'
iEW POSS
4 gSJR
I ... m
Great Increase in 33ieiT
Txade Under
ican Flag.
WKAT THE EXTORTS SHOT.
CUBA'S TItADE rAKGES. THAN
DURING THE PERIOD OF
P.ECIPKOCITY.
Interchange of Products With tho
Philippines Sinco They Camo .
TJndor Jurisdiction of
Uncle Sam.
NE WYORK, June, KA Sun special
from Washington says:
Exports from the United States to
Cuba, Porto IUto and tho Hawaiian.
Philippine and Samoaa Islands will
reach 545,000.000 in the fiscal yea.
which ends with the present month.
and will bo more than three tifuss as
much as la 1S9G and more than twice
a much a3 la any year o our commerce
with those Islands, exceptn tho
Orear 1S92. 1S93 and 1S94, when reciprocity
greatly increased our exports
to Cuba and Porto Rico.
To Cuba the total fr thejiscal year
seems likely to be fully 523,000,000.
.against 57.530,000 In tho fiscal year
1S56, and 524.157,000 ltv.theKreat reciprocity
year 1S93, whdp exporta to that
island were more than double those of
five years earlier. x
To Porto Rico the exports artha year
will be In round terms ?2,GOO,0OO.
against aa average of 2,TC0.000 in
years 1S92, 1S53 and 130$.
when exports to that Island were double
those of earlier years
To the Hawaiian Islands, the total for
the year will be about 513,000.000, or
five times as much aa In ahi, and.
nearly four times as much as In 1SI6.
To the Philippines thttotal
will ho about 52,500,000. or more than
in the entire 15 years aln9 1SS5. To
the Samoan Islands the exports of the
year will be about 5125.000. or nearly
as much aa In ail the years since 1S9C.
Tho imports into the United States
from Cuba for the full year will show
a total of -$3.,000,000, against
in 1SSS and 51S.000.lMT In 1S97.
though they still aro less than", the average
for the reciprocity yeara. ,
From the Hawaiian Islands the imports
for tho full fiscal year will be
521.000,000, or double the average annual
Importation for tho period prior to
1S93, and 520.O0O.QQQ higher than in any
preceding year, while trorn tho Philippines,
war conditions which rcdu
producing and exporting powor, ttm
imports will be larger man In any vcar
since 1S34.
A
TBTJSTS IN GEB.2IANY.
Conditions Similar to Thoso in. tho
United States.
BREMEN, June 2. The United
States Consuls In Germany have been
instructed to .make reports on the development
of treats i this country.
Conditions In UuV rjsard aro similar
in Germany to v. hat they arc in the
United States. The tr. jt3, althoughnot
so strong, so large o: so old as In tho
United States, comprise undertakings
In a variety of fields. There is a coal
trust and there Is an alkali trust,.aad
these, like the. wallpajer trust andth
sugar trusty are oppressive.
i
Just now the print-paper trustt J
pruwlnently in the this,
combination intends to rale tb?pric'
paper 7 "pfeaBfefcCt &3&eem&)?'f3.
pound. Some of the fcuger newspapers
are thinking of building their own
mills, as the Catholic
ciety ot West Genaaay feasalready
done. That attempt to
fight the trust is working welL
A cement trust Is now in process of
organization. Its object ts to reduce
production and raise prices, and it will
particularly affect American exporters,
whose trade with thi3 com. try is large.
1
Elections ia.Cucc
The municipal elections In CubA.
were to have taken place In May, but
were postponed to June 16th, in order
that the census might be used as a
basis of registration. There is an
cualificatJoa for the ballot
aadfor the Illiterate there is a property
qaaliflcatloH, while all restrictions
are waived as regards Ken- who servsit
ia the Cuban army. As nearly aa caa
be estimated frost the ctasua retaras,
the number of native Cabana
to vote will be about three tlaae3 as
large as th asatber of Spaniards. As
the first test of the capacity of the Cubans
for the electloa
aro of untisaal Importance.
Basineaa ia ih Territorial offices
weat ob the same as uaoal yesterday.
Some few chaagee were vmd and all
ofiSokl hlaaka aow read uTerritrrn
instead of RpubUoof HawalL
Jj. A. Bostea who retana In the
Gaahe from the Coast whwe a wt
with JSdfar Halatead oa ltaae &f the
HoalaMk.L;Prod8i a xW
BtoragatfttmffoaU)iM4;ai mm-
Ss5.S s?5- 1 -1- - . - .
ij - ri 4f w .v " - -
v. rr - .? vs. &J -K.
:v '.--
St" I"" S
-- - -.
-Of
T - IK- . X-
o
.
'3
4 i'
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