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THE HOSOLTJLt? i$X3LICASSt&AX. A&PW 21, 19jM.
j - -
THE HONOLULU REPUBLICAN.
Pul .Ts&fcd Every Morning Except Mon-
Ly fey the Robt. Grievo Publish-
lag Company, Elmltod.
ED IN S. GILL, - - - EDITOR.
Edncss OSce rr"" 7? 475
12j!snch Justice may issue a warrant .o
Entered at the Post Office at Hono-.Zio.
IL L. as second-class zazlL
.er iionth. by Carrier. 75
One Year, by Mail SOO
li Months, by Mall 4 00
Three Months, by Mall or Carrier. 2 25
HONOLULU, H.T. AUGUST 21, 1200.
Vmmi TtDjrstsre T? K 4esrf.
MtaUaam Tmpra:ore u
& p m.
imtHlAU 1 Inches.
Xv 0mr Potai :r Ue Dj-.
Mmk KiUre HuaWItj V:
focecast foe tou.1t.
Fn4i trslec Jth ccaslonnl sh(ren In
CANE SUGAR TO BE DETHRONED.
Ever since It was founded The Republican
has been urging the cultivation
of diversified crops in Hawaii. It
has, so far as It could, pointed out the
- profits to be made from raising small
rg fruits and vegetables for the markets
of the mainland. Now that the duty is
removed, all these products can bs
at San Francisco at a large
profit It has pointed out the fact that
alfalfa and other food products for animate
which are now shipped from the
coast can be raised here to the
profit of the grower.
In the face ofthe great prosperity of
Hawaii as a sugar producer it is making
r broad assertion to say that what
Is now Hawaii's great staple and
source of profit will within a few
years -be her ruin If conditions do not
rapidly change, but such is the fact,
nevertheless. "Wo do not wish to oe
an alarmist, but the time Is fast approaching
when Hawaii must turn her
land to the cultivation of other crops
than sugar cane. Sugar cane will always
be a staplo In this Territory because
of the peculiar fitness of the soil,
but some of the land must be devoted
to other products.
As cotton was king in the South before
the civil war, so is sugar king in
Hawaii now. The result of the South
only having one product was quickly
seen when the war tame on and the
ports wore blockaded. A southern
writer in the Century in 1SSS, in
theconditions in the South
in the second year of the war, said
that even the salt wells had not been
developed and saU. became a luxury.
Rich as the South was In natural resources
of iron and coal, the mines hail
not been developed, and not until 1S64
was n small iron furnace In operation
where Anaistou, Ala., now stands.
Factories of all kinds had been
and wagons and gun carriages were
hard to secure. The South felt the
effect of having given over all her
to the cultivation of cotton to
the exclusion of other industries.
The Republican publishes on another
pago today a summary of the sugar
beet crops In seventeen states of the
union as compiled by the Louisiana
Planter. They show that the sugar
beet industry is going ahead with leaps
and bounds. The tlmo is fast approaching
when the United States will
produce all the sugar it uses, aside
from the manufacture of certain grades
of candles, from the beet. The August
number of tho Beet Sugar Gazette contains
letters from correspondents at
twenty-five different factories in the
United States from twelve different
states, all of which speak in glowing
terms of the good crops this year and
the promise 'of more farmers in the
vicinity to go Into tho cultivation of
These factories aije located In
wheresugar beets will pay bet-
" tor than any other crop. They hav
not the advantages possessed by land
owners in Hawaii, who can supplant
sugar cane with oranges, limes, bananas,
grapes, lemons, avocado pears.
- guavas and other fruits, not to mention
garden vegetables which will
yield as handsome, if not better, returns
than sugar cane.
The Gazette further shows that new
sugar factories are to be established
In five states, notably North and South
Dakota. Wisconsin, Michigan and Oregon.
With all this growth in the beet
sugar iudustry In the states growers
In this Territory will do well to begin
devoting some of the land in their possession
to the production of other
crops. Experiment with them, if nothing
else, so as to take up what prom
Ises to be the most profitable "when
the day comes for a change, as come
ONE OF HAWAII'S BLUE LAWS.
There will be much work for the first
leglslatuie of Hawaii and It wouU
seem at this time that with the great
amount of needed legislation it would
be well for the governor to call the
legislature In extra session at the
arliest possible date following the
regular election ia November. The
Republican's correspondent at Wailukn
calls attention to cia fact that one of
the old blue laws of Hawaii Is stlll'la
force on the statute books. Had this
matter been called to any one's attention
in the ordinary vay It would not
bare been believed, for mck a law
would have seemed too preposterous
tor belief. Yet it is on the statutes'
.and an attempt-has been readeto v
force It. -k , ,
7H& pfcriflar bYafe lawikWted
Is to be found in chapter 55 ct thjnyr fjC TUC fi H Ml I
Penal Code of HawaiTand reads: jUflL Ul lilt, Ui.U DLUL
"Upon the sworn complaint before
any judge of a court of record, or district
magistrate, by any party, that his
wife has, without cause, forsaken his
bed and board and refused and stOJ
icuzn AJ watib. fcA.
apprenenu ana onag oeiut? isiu iut
party so complained of. If
the offending party refuse to renrra
and perform the duties of the marriage
contract, she may be punished by Imprisonment
at hard labor for a t,nn aot
exceeding one month, in the discretion
of the Judge."
It remained for a Japanese jslve
driver to endeavor to enforce this law
agalnst a wife, who had run-away
from his ill-treatment and worse.
What must have been the nature of
the mind of the man who introduced
such a law Into a legislature or the
minds of the men who voted for the
passage of such an Infamous measure?
It will be the duty of the first
to quickly wipe from the statute
books not only .this law but all others
of a similar nature. Let It go forth
that the days of blue laws in Hawaii
have gone never to return, just as they
have In other sections of the United
What with the powers of the
district magistrate, circucscribd
as they evidently are, under
the constitution of the United
States, it will be necessary.for the flr3t
legislature to at once proceed to paes
legislation providing for county and
municipal governments, for jails and
workhouses and for the turning of the
Oahu prisqns into a penitentiary,
which it already is, so far as its rules
and regulations and the treatment of
prisoners confined there can make it
As was pointed out in theslibel case
against the editor of The Re'publlcan,
argued in the district magistrate's
court yesterday, the Supreme Court of
the United States makes a distinction
between jail and workhouse stntem.es
under city or county ordinances and
sentences of a court to a penitentiary.
The whole system of government in
Hawaii is contrary to the American
and to the English systems in that it
centers all the authority and power in
one centralized government, malting no
provisions for local umjnt
This is Hawaii's misfortune nd
though she may suffer from It for the
present, It will all be righted at the
proper time and in the proper way.
The events of the past week in the district
magistrate's' court have demonstrated
as nothing else could the need
of local self-government for Honolulu.
The Republicans first libel sjit w&s
short lived. It was thrown oat of
court bv Judgo Wilcox yesterday tor
want of jurisdiction, the complaint dismissed
and the editor of The Repub
lican. Now that it is out of the way,
we give in another cou'iin the History
of one case in 'jour: from the oiflcial
records which will give readers an
Idea of the old way of doing thing.
Tho rscords many mure such illustrations
of the conduct of affairs.
Judge Estee is following distinguished
precedent in refusing to naturalize
men who cannot read or write
the English language. The great Rog-
er A. Pryor, formerly of Virginia and
more recently a judge of the Supreme
Court of New Yo.k, resolutely refused
to naturalize any ona who could not
read and write the English language
while he was on the bench in New
And so brother Kinney would like to
have the grand jury takeup hu fight
now, eh? Well and good. Eut we
opine to the opinion that the straightforward
business men composing the
grand jury will conclude that it Is a
good idea for any man having a grievance
to pay the expenses pt his own
litigation and not force the taxpayers
of tho Territory to pajhis fiddling bill
for him. a
Several months ago it was claimed
that the civic federation was at work
on a city charter for Honolulu for presentation
to the first legislature. Is it
possible that the result of the Republican
primaries last May caused some
one the strings which called
off the civic federation from Its
Judge Estee does not believe c man
who has lived here Eve years an I ran
neither read nor write the Enqll a
is gcod material for-an American
citizen. Right your are, judgt iiid
The Republican wishes there wer
more like you on the bench.
And so Policeman Hanrahan s not
an American citizen and has no: been,
despite his service on the police fores
since June 14th. Wonder how many
illegal arrests and how many illegal
prosecutions the gentleman has made
in that time?
There may have been a time when
the "naked form divine" of the native
may have pleased casual visitors
to this coast. It does not do so any.
longer. The beaches ought to ba
cleaned of that sort of thing.
Some good work is being done ia the
of streets in the frudoess
district under Superintendent
The -number of modern new buildings
now in course of construction in
"Honolulu is evidence of the prosperitv
of the city. .
Inter-Island 'transportation should
lowerii. Tke cWtaJntiadreMe In-
'mXm Would r nut it
r LAWS GALLED IMTO OSE.
XAPA2TE8E HAS HIS WTEE AK-GIT
B&STED A CHARGE
A Trial Before District Magistrate
Soertson at Waaukrt That
Attracts Attention Defendant
Walluku, MauL Aug. IS. A case occurred
In Wailaku this week which
clearly shews that there is still one. old
missionary blue law disgracing the
statute books. It seems intolerable
that any woman of whatever nationality
should be forced by law to live with
any man, even though he be her husband,
for a single hour longer than
she wants to; yet chapter C of ihe
Penal code of thlb Territory gives the
right to a husband to have his wife
cast into prison fur thirty days at hard
labor if she lea.es him and refuses to
return, and for a second offense he may
have her imprisoned for a whole year
at hard labor.
A Japanese wonuin. at Paia recently
ictw her loru as sue asseris,
ue huu repeater oeaten her, and sbe
aaowed the imj.v on her person. Tnis
uuating, bne ciaiicu, was because sue
woulu not coiiaui. to earn money lor
aim by prosuiutwn. ahe went out to
earn ner living u nursing in a family
oome miles awav, and as soon as ne
iuund out wber. ne was he had her
ai rested and Before District
jiagistrate itobiuu at Wailuku, wlio
toia her that tue iw required her to
tjo back to her uoand or go to prison,
ahe replied tuat if she were Kept
ten years in pruu she woufd prefer
mat to any niue of lite she had
:en leading witu mat man.
judge ItoDertton remanded her and
causeu some lnucndent inquiry to be
i.ade into ner ccae. A. N. Kepoikai,
.iiuUgh just back l.om his trip to
ana IiouutU with arrears of
uusiness, voiunit.ied to defend
fornoiniiia, una did so,
tue c&se octupita nearly two days ji
tiwrd nghung ik cuurt. The nusoand
upproacnea Mr. tuse of tne nrm t.i
uus tc Coke to mive his case, but the
Hinor and tiie fee were declined.
he secureu tne services of an attorney
ana put up a strong ngnt for the
txaery or his chattel. Luckily tne
jutlge was a haoic cud he tound enougn
.viuence on tne ame of tne woman io
arrant him In iti.using to return ner
io her legal owutr, although it was
onown that proouoiy a preference on
uer part for jnomer man had something
to do witL. ner rebellion against
car liege lord and master,
'ihe decision ojl uie judge came as a
gi eat surprise to tne husband s party,
jnd an Immediate appeal was noted
and perxected ana a strong attempt
rt'as made to hae the woman kept in
Jail until the DcecaDer term of court
.it Lahaina. Mr. ivepolkai, however,
jtood manfully to his guns and
threatened all kmJs of things if his client
was not liberated, which she finally
was, and she is now with friends
Captain Bamberry of the Salvation
Army and others took a strong interest
in the case and it has been quite a
oause celebre in tnis quiet old town.
The act of congress that admitted Hawaii
as a Termoiy wiped out quite a
number of the objectionable and
laws, out chapter 56 was
evidently overlooked and should have
immediate attention from the. next legislature.
To compel a woman to live , with a
inan she deserts, under penalty of imprisonment,
is undoubtedly unconstitutional,
yet as the law stands any ignorant
magistrate can still impose such
sentences, and tht. sufferer, to obtain
redress, would lwve to face the expense
and trouble of an appeal to a
aigher court and meanwhile, perhaps,
iay in prison for months waiting till
the appeal could be heard.
Truly, the paternal missionary
fathers made some curious statute.
Just think for a moment of any Japanese
procurer being able to invoke
the law of the land to aid him in his
WHY HILO 3SALLY LAUGHS.
The Capital of Hawaii Island Grows
From the Hilo Herald.
The auditor general of the Territory,
H. C. Austin, dorsn t feel like passing
(favorably) upon c bill of about
dollars, incurred by the health
department here iu attempting (quite
unsuccessfully) to guard against the
pbgue in Hilo. It seems that the bill
rts incurred in employing a Kanaka
(quite unworthy .nividual, of course
to 'etnove varies forms oL. filth on
lower Front strut. Whether the
general wt m course of tims
r.a under the .. .snefe of a suliicient
number of cocSw. 3. prepared in th1
corkcUi shaker t - viously furnished
out of board of he.'.Ut tunds. tcnset to
tiss a bill of ihis .a jnitude, co. Uacud
for such an Irrt. .at purpose as
filth frocj lower Front street.
sUU a matter cf doubt. The more
optimisUc and cti believe that he
wilL The department in general at
Honolulu seem inclined to look with
suspicion upon any expenditure for objects
not advertised in the government H.
sheet That Is, they look thus upon
them when they concern any portion cf
the Territory outside of Honolulu. Oth- 4
erwise they find difficulty in auditing
enough. It seems, rather
strange that when the money bags or
'xe treasury wen exhausted (and no
body knows; how much more) to keep
an army of loafers qq alleged sanltasy
outy fqr months, that a,
smaii dui uceutnis xor preventive measure
In Hilo Is refused oa the groand
of no funds.
Xhiaks Honolulu Oati Xore Than
Its Rhareof K.
Th Hawaiian Herald saysi "Whea"
one considers the fact thai Honofaiu
has spent more tacaer on
years previous, loose stones whfeh.
have been lying: in. Tront of the cost-
ZQVtttaiar tfefrtre" the 'eye of the wiinCf
t5HyerR." rf , . fc
We are showing the Largest
17e have ever handled at
prices that cannot be
? - t ?. x s
pearea, . as me present
Burr on these lines is
proliibirive. They comprise:
DAG, asd BODY
BRUSSELS ia CEKTEE, SOFA sod
S29R MATS, HALL and STAIR
GABFET in Tapestry, VELVET
PILE aid BODY BRUSSELS, is
JAPANESE JUTE RUGS, STRAW MATS
G000A FIBRE MATTING, DOOR
MATS slwsys on hand at
NO. 10 FORT ST.
A Mew Model..
Have you seen those new
..SIDEBOARDS we have
..just unpacked? We'd
. . like to show them to
. .you, whether or not you
..want to buy just now.
..You may want one of
..them later. There are
. .a large number of KEW
..MODELS among them
. . designs which have
. . ne;er been shown in
. . tiiis city. We are oer
. .ing them at Coast prices.
Copy Furniture Co.,
Corner F . t and Beretania Streets.
Agents Sole 4
Tlie Club StaMes,
518 Fort Street.
Fiist sigs at fiir prices.
Telepuose 477. HacfciUnf "rim" 319.
BEAYEH LDICe ROOMS.
J. XOLTE : : : : : Proprietor.
Fort Street, opp. Sprocket's Bank.
Eirst Glass Xunclies Served
With Tea, Cgtfed, Soda, Water, Ginger
Ale cr jlilk. Qpcn Irom
3 a. m. to 8 p.
Requisites a Specialty.
I - ' -
rg1 ,. WkavBuypigtd Jtyed
"'PhIB The (levcluihi
? does tL..
HONOkHLtr BIEE CO.
- : i - V A 'ff ,V
FTlilMtLJ - 33k7
'- 2 if 1 ?o;t 7&J
mn n iv?r a
1 1ZJ' 1ii.lll. V
Incorporated Under the Laws of the
Republic of Hawaii.
officers and directors:
-U- ? r T,?,3
- ""? --"
IP. C Josfta Ice-President
C H. Cooke Cashier
F. C Atherton. Assistant Cashier
Directors; Hesir Waterhouse, Tom
ilay, F. W. Macfarlane, S. D. Tenney,
J. A. McCaadless.
Solicits the Accounts of Firms. Corporations,
Trusts, Inditlduals and will
promptly and carefully attend to all
business connected with banking entrusted
to 1U Sell and purchase Foreign
Exchange, issue Letters of Credit.
Ordinary and Term Deposits received
and Interest allowed in accordance
with rules and conditions printed In
passbooks, copies of which may be had
Judd building-. Fort street
BISHOP & CO.
TRANSACT A GENERAL BANNING
Commercial and Travelers' Letters of
Credit issued, available in all the
Principal Cities of the World.-
INTEREST allowed on fixed deposits
Three Months 3 per cent, per an
Six Months 3J per cent, per annum;
Twelve Months 4 per cent. p'i
OLAUSSPRECKEIS. IVJf. G. IRW'IK.
Claus Spreekels & Co.,
HOXOLDLU. - - H.T.
San Francisco Agents The Xevaitt
National Bank of San Francisco
DRAW EXCHANGE ON
SAN FRANCISCO The Nevada N-i
tional Bank of San Francisco.
LONDON The Union Bank of Lcn
NEW YORK Au. rican Exchitnt
CHICAGO Met --mints' Natioivu
PAKIS Credit Lyouuais.
BERLIN Dresdner Hank.
HONGKONG AND VOkOHAMA
The Hongkong and SI anghai Bantdnc
NEW ZEALAND .s NT) AXJSTKA
Ll-i Bank of New Zealand.
of British North Ameriu .
TRANSACT A BANKING
AND EXCHANGE BUSINESS.
Deposits Received Loans Mado on
Approved Security. Commercial an
Travelers' Credit Issued. Bills of Exchange
Bought and Sold.
COLLECTIONS PBOJCPTLT AC.
BISHOP & CO.,
Office at banking buildinjj on Merchant
Savings Deposits will be received
and interest allowed by this Bank at
per cent, perannum.
Printed copies of the Rules and Emulations
may bo obtained on application.
BISHOP & CO.
THE YQK8UHA SPECIE BANK
Subscribed Capital - ;n 24,000,000"
raid Up Capital - - 'ien 18,000,000
Reserved Fund - . - Ten 8,000,000
HEAD OFF?: a - - Yokohama
Tho bank mys and recexvea for
BTJs of Exchange, issues
Drafts and etters of Credit and tran?
act? a geut nil bankinsr busiuea.
Agency Yokohama Specie Bank.
2Tew Republic Buildings-Honolulu, H.T.
J. H. FIS1R & CO..
Members of "Honolulu Exchange
Stock aad -Bond Brokers
Advance Mde on AporoVi Sccaritr
-K 1 I
Ment Barber Shop
Arliata Stock, stoisr
' wM0$ wif
High Grade in every
fl &B SL
-if T iffiX
Equal to any 50 wheel in the market.
Bv the "AUSTRALIA.1
Frozen Oysters and Fish
Fancy Cream Gheesa (in foil)
Smoked Salmon tntl H:il;but
THE WATERHOUSE STORE,
Bethel Street, Telephone 24
4p PEERLESS YA
lU PRESERVING rl
P PAINT A-, J
B 'ia I J
UBflCxkjPBskJv AL vfinLlJIuUlAl
mM2,LPz 1 unti.
WwJInlll II iu lllll II
! JrKillllMllil Hill hi fwiirmJ
KSKDVniP lliriTJ lining
ROBINSON BLOCK. Hotel Street.
-,:Plums fAsstd:, varieties)
- .....' Apricots.
& CO., L IxfJs
THE MclNTYRE STORE.
Cor King and Fort Sts. Te! 22
lovejoy & Co.,
10 Nuuanu Street.
c - -V-Ji. , u,
J AssftfU .S5 ? . v;tjfi: ,W '-Af. -;
r .,, ,f