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THE HONOLULU REPUBLICAN.
PuUhdied Every Morning "Except Mod
',aj ty the Rcbt. Grieve Publishing
ED. iX S. GILL, - EDITOR
islnesa Officer. 47!
Utorial Room? 12-
,., Sutered at ihe Post Office at Hono
la, H. I., as second-class malL
by Carrier $ 1
3ne Year, by Mall SO
Ii Months, by Mall 4'j
rhree Months, by Mall or Carrier. 2 2
HONOLULU. H. T. AUGUST 22, 1X .
Minimum Teajporatore T7
Maximum Temrnvtorr S tiejjr...
Buwarter .!'. 3p m.
KajDtAll M Inches.
If ad Dew Point far the Dar 81
Mrn IMstlre HnmMlry !.
FOEECAST 70B TODAT.
tmd clear weather, light ?lwr .
If the hackdriver who was piven t
handle of papers at the steamer Chin:
on Monday evening, which were to b
delivered to The, Republican oUice, wil
reave his number at this office he wil.
receive 5 reward.
THE "GOVERNOR'S COUNCIL."
"When a member of the Governor's
Council becomes special news agent foi
a paper on which he is employed the
people may well continue to discuss
whether the council is organized to
ther personal objects." Tne Evening
What does the Bulletin mean by its
reference to "the Governor's Council,"
and what is a Governor's Council, anyway?
We have studied the Organic
, Act of Hawaii very carefully and mum
confess our inability to And one lino
aye, not even a single word, whiyb
makes any provision for a Governors
Council. Yet it seems that some such
organization exists, for the little Stai
of Monday evening' contains an account
of "the Executive meeting" ot
that afternoon and the Advertiser cf
yesterday morning speaks of "the llrst
'Governor's Council' in two weeks."
Really, The'Jtepubllcan would like
to know what this "Governor's Council"
is and what called it into being,
and under what authority of law sucu
a body exists.
In the report of the Hawaiian commission,
the majority report signed by
Shelby M. Cullom, chairman, said in
speaking on this subject of an executive
"The.. majority of the commission
havelnot been able to agree with the
suggestions of those who favor the creation
of a "cabinet, or 'advisory
cil,' to aid the Territorial Governor iu
his administration of the affairs of th
Territory of Hawaii. The commission
hold however proper and convenient
it might be to provide such an auxiliary
as a 'cabinet' for the governor
of a state, or for the chief executive
of a country, that It Js unnecessary iu
a territorial government, which is itself
merely a subordinate and limitea
authority, under the close supervision
or the President of the United States.
The history of the territories of the
United States, covering many years al
experience, has not, in the opinion of
the commission, shown a necessity for
the creation of any number of advisers.
The powers of a Territorial Governor
'are likely to be so clearly defined
by the legislation of congress
and the laws of the Territory that
there will hardly be need for such an
establishment as an 'executive' or 'advisory'
Not agreeing with this majority report,
Sanford B. Dole of the commission
presented a minority report, iu
which he said: "I have been compelled
to differ from my associates in
relation to certain features ot the executive
power of the Territory as recommended
Nevertheless Congress accepted the
recommendations of the majority cf
the commission and refused to provide
for an "executive" or "Governors
Council." No mention of such an organization
was made in the bill as prepared
by the commission nor before
the commIttcoof Congress having
what was known, as the Cullom bill c
But it seems that the minority report,
which was not heeded by the
commission and given no consideration
whatever by Congress, now bo
comes the law governing the Governor
of the Territory of Hawaii instead ot
the Organic Act as passed by Congress
and under which the Governor was appointed.
Why is this so?
COST OF CITY GOVERNMENT.
The chief cry against municipal government
for Honolulu is "it would cost
o much that it would greatly increase
taxation." Possibly It would make,
some difference in taxes, but was ever
any Improvement, In either public or
private affairs.'made without some cost
or effort? Mrs. Anna Alward Eanws,
In a communication to a morning contemporary,
calls attention to this subject
of cost In a few well-directed
words in the following:
"The French capital has unflinchingly
accepted, the doctrine that broad,
smooth and. clean highways are a wise
lnvetmeat?from every point of vlex.
And that so long as the work is done
In & thorough and scientific manner,
vita an hoc est an.? skillful application
at aas to cads, an aggrelve
et psihUc work, which ku for its
b! broad, cleas aid
Mutiful .streets, is worth having at
as? cost The aorUlity of Paris is
ateadily decreasing notably deaths
frow typhoid. At the present ratio of
-the disappearance of this disease, typhoid
will soon be extinct in Paris.
"It is aot proposed that Honolulu
b&ll by one flying leap Msadeavor to
rid tlu chasm which separates aw
Tt ptsmrw vw
fraction of the sum expended last wiser
fighting the bubonic plague would,
lowever, have cade a fair beginning.
"The first great crying need of this
rfdesccnt dream is a clean city; lad
rith this is inextricably involved ihz
raestion of Etrect and building
because the popnlation Is
xragested, and there can be no
move toward belter sanitary coalitions
until the people are constrained
jy building and health regulations to
'roper bouses, on proper sized lots, in
Honolulu has had some experience
rith typhoid fever just recently and
.his alone, to say nothing of the plague
f last winter, is far more expensive,
ben human lives are considered, than
my additional cost-of city government
.vould amount to. The more
government Is studied the more
he need for it is made apparent
BTJRAL MAIL DELIVERY.
It is claimed that the free rural mail
lelivery established recently near
Col., has had the effect of
the value of land along the way
5 per acre- This is one of the
results wfc;h a popular accommodation
has brought to rural
From the Star.
That's the effect of the Introduction
af the postal service- of the United
States everywhere. There is nothing
mysterious nor exceptional about L
When the system Is inaugurated here
t will save people thousands on
of dollars -
The text of the "Rules Governing
Prisoners" of the Oahu prison and the'
iuties of guards and lunas, as pub-.shed
in today's Republican, will be
i revelation to many people of this
Territory. They show that a state c"
.ffairs has existed for years of which
.he people had no conception. Tuey
show that the Oahu prison is Just
.vhat it is generally called by the people,
"thestate prison, or penitentiary."
ihey show that the city of Honolulu
.as no house of correction nor jail
he confinement and punishment cf
etty offenders, but that all men and
oys of this sort have been thrown
Into the penitentiary
rith old and hardened criminals. Short
.ime men sentenced for trivial causes
aave been confined alongside of murderers
and hardened characters of the
.vorst sort. It reveais a deplorable
state of affairs that it will be the dutv
jf the first legislature to investigate
and endeavor to remedy at the earliest
.possible date. In fact, we question if
tt is not within the province of the
grand jury of the First circuit to investigate
the conditions prevailing at
he Oahu prison and point out to the
people the dangers of allowing such a
state of affairs to continue.
Hawaii, Maui, Kauai, Niihau and
Lanai and Kahoolawe see the
need of local self-government.
vVlth properly organized counties these
islands could conduct all their local
affairs, provide for "improved roads
and all other internal improvements
.vithout asking authority ,of officeholders
in Honolulu. Municipal and
county governments are absolutely
necessary for the advancement of this
The Republican nominee for Congress
must be a broad man of affairs,
one who can be of some strength before.
die committees in Congress. Hawaii
has too much at stake in the next Congress
to erect a man delegate simply
on the ground that he is a good
This Territory must have a worker
as the delegate to Washington.
Is It not possible that under certain
lrcumstances the assistant attorney
general might become the acting
general? In tnat case would his
ictions be legal, he not being a citizen
if the Territory of Hawaii, as the law
If Assistant Attorney General
Is only" an employe of the attorney
jeneral's office how is it that he can
ippear in court as a legal representative
of the attorney -general? We
for the attorney general's answer.
Republicans who believe In majority
rule must be up and doing iu
connection with the primaries to he
held September 1st. The primaries
are of the utmost importance, for oi
them is builded all the work ot the
Republican party in Hawaii.
Every candidate for the next legislature
should be pledged in advance w
vote for municipal and county govern
ment for the leading towns ud respective
Islands of the Territory.
If Honolulu had a city charter it
would be a matter of small consequence
for the city to provide a house
of correcUoa for the punishment of
petty offenders in the police court.
The Question for the courts now !s.
can a district magistrate ssntence pet?
ty offenders to the Oahu prison ahard
One day Ust week the schooner J. G.
North sailed from San Francisco for
Honolulu. Oa bord wee forty
immigrants, hair starred -and
poorly dad. who did aot seem to too
where they were goiag or where they
were. Not one, could speak a. word f
English, and any attempt on the part
of an outsider to speak to them was
Immediately frustratsd hymen who
to be.grdaTYe taut in cikfsjt?
ot their traaporutioa claimed that
they had been. Induced to leave their
old homes la Pennsylvania and go to
the mere fruitful pastures ot Hawaii.
Arrangements had been zsads to put
them to work immediately on arrival at
riCEolulu, os the sugar plantations, nt
the rate of $20 per month. Judging wy
Jie manner in which they were pat
aboard the ship and the way m which'
Jiey were guarded, they might have
been slaves. The immigrants were
taken along side the vessel In a
car which had one door nailed ep
and guards standing at the ether to
prevent any of them getting away. The
vessel hauled Into the stream as sooi
ar, the last lead of baggage had been
landed on beard, there to wait for the
tugboat to tow them to sea. The parties
who appeared to be in charge of
the whole affair strenuously denied
that they were contract laborers, although
the manner and haste of their
shipment gave the impression that
everything was not in accordance with
the law. Any attempt to find out If
they were citizens wa3 unavailing, as
the men guarding them prevented any
conversation. This occurred right in
Han Francisco, the largest city on the
Pacific coast of America. Following as
It does the disgraceful occurrence at
the Illinois Steel Company's plant at
Chicago, where the "workmen were locked
in the company's stockade against
their will and forced to work 12 hours
without anything to eat, It shows how
r.iuch more freedom the American
workman enjoys than his European
brother. "Reviewing the above occurrences,
they how the great need for
organizations for the betterment "of the
conditions of the American workmen.
Coast Seamen's Journal.
Hawaii in Japan.
, We learn that Mr. Johnson, the ad
viser of the Tokyo experimental farm
station, who went on a visit to his naive
state of Ohio, U. S. A., came baot
the other day, bringing with him a
number of curious plants which he ob
cained in the Hawaiian Islands, writes
the Japan Times. The above rare
plants were presented by him to the
imperial court a few days ago, through
the department of agriculture and
It may not be amiss to state
.hat Mr. Johnson is the adviser for the
cultivation of tobacco in this country,
and that his devotion to Japanese
has led him to call on his way
Jback at the Hawaiian administrative
office, where he is said to have made a
statement in favor of Japan, with refer
ence to the emigration problem. Japan
News Notes From Japan.
Dysentery is prevalent in Kanagawa
prefecture at present, 1,031 cases being
reported up to the 6th inst
On the 30th ult a large number of
whales and dolphins were off Cape
Awa province, and the fishermen
of neighboring villages having driven
them Into the Gulf of Tateyama, were
able to capture" about 500 whales. Many
persons went from Tokyo to seo the
Jeff Davis' .eirst Marriage.
No commonwealth in all the
except perhaps Mississippi ot
Virginia, has so great a claim upon
l.he memory of Jefferson Davis as
In this state he was born, hi
'his state he was partially educated
uid in this state, near Louisville, ills
Irst marriage took place under
Jefferson Davis was still almost ar
nfant when his father moved froir
Todd- county o Mississippi, but he
to Kentucky a few yfcars Ia'er
o. become a student at old
college, in Lexington. He wns
it collelge when President Monroe ap
jointed him a cadet at West Point
md thereby changed the destinies of
he young southerner's career.
But the event in his life most close-'y
associated with Kentucky "history
was the marriage of Mr. Davis, then
ieutenant in the regular army, to tr
laughter of the colonel, Zacheray Tay
'or, afterward president of the Units''
States. For two years the youn?
had been engaged at the frontier
army post where Colonel Taylor's
was stationed. The father
the match. So the daughter
to Kentucky to visit relatives
In the county. Davis follow-:"
her and a romantic elopement took
ilace. Miss Taylor stole out of the
house at night and met her lover. They
slipped across the yard to the cabin of
a devoted negro servant on the
Here a minister met them an-1
"lere they were married with only f
'aithful old "black mammy" and
This cabin still stands on the o'
"aylor farm, four' miles from Loui?
on the Brownsboro road, whi;"
s a culmination of Washington strej
"n the same farm is the grave of Pre
At Jefferson Davis' funeral a flov
Icsign, sent by the survivors of a Kcr
battery, had the place of houo
"t the head of the casket. Louisvill
4 v !-1
POLICY OF CONSERVATISM.
While the Provident Savings
Life has adhered to the past
policy of conservatism
has commended it to the
public, !t.has, during the
past two or three years, found
ready favor vith the public because
of its progressive spirit,
and will doubtless in the future
expand its business in even a
more surprising degree. Financial
Review, if R. Burns,
dent manager, office in new
. 4. .5.. .j. .5.
TERRITORY OF HAWAII.
The Governor direcis notice to K
oer aro, is oy taw a Aauonai iloliday,
known as Labor's Holiday, all pa bile
offices will be closed cnthat day.
AT.rlX. G..HAWZS, JRn
Private Secretary to the Governor.
Capitol, BonolnlulATi5n6t2hid, 19CXJ
v ! 1 1 1 !! l 1 1 j 1 1 1 fr
Oa Draught or a Settles
at the ..
, . .( js
JAPANESE. JUTE RUGS, STRAW MATS
and MATTING, LIKOLEUM, OILCLOTH,
COCOA FIBRE MATTING, DOOR
MATS always on hand at
MO. 10 FORT ST.
A New Model.
Have you seen those new
....SIDEBOARDS we have
just unpacked? Wd
like to show .them to
you, whether or not you
want to buy just now.
You may want one of
them later. There are
. . .a large number of NEW
. . .MODELS among them
designs which have
. . '. . never been shown in
this city. We are oer
ing tlfem at Coast prices.
Sep Furniture. Co.5
aud Beretania Streets
IP 'ex "i
The lb Stables.
518 Fort Street.
First rigs at fair prices.
felsjliona 477. HartsiJii "PSoai" 311.
BEAVER LUICH ROOMS.
H. J. XOLTE : : : : : Proprietor.
Fort Street, Opp. Spreckcl's Bank.
First Glass Lunches Served
I With Tea, Coffee, Soda Water, Ginger
j Ate or Milk. Oien irotn
; Tsa;.m. too p.m.
-Smokers Requisites-a" Specialty. t
When Binhig a Wheel
rmdAhoays be BigfiL
i 1 1 nu;ninnn) im a I HONOLULU BIKE OO.
We are showing the Largest!
Abb 1 1 UUCML Vi
GAS DG, and BOOTi
and BODY BRUSSELS, is
iTiiE iyAM OF ILWAiL I
-. i 1 a ; i"i- f t
m m v I -. j ... a.
We have ever handled
j Incorporated Uader i&eLaws of the
a Repewfe of Hswaa.
.-, , r ................ fiTMin.vi
yiivus uifti Vt w. - 1 OFFICERS AND-BIRECrORS:
ueaied. as he e Preat
Dutv On these lines H. Cooke CaahHjr
- u. Ataertoa Assistant uasbferi
Directors: Hairy Waterhoew. Tok
My. F. W. Maciarlane. S. D. Tmr.
J. A. ifeCaadJtess.
Solieita ii? Accounts o Firms,
Iadividuals and will
promptly and carefully attend to all
business connected vrith banking entrusted
to it. Sell and purchase Foreign
Exchange, issue Letters of Credit.
CENTER, SOFA oSujand Interest cllowed in accordance
CTiin ' witn rules ana conditions printed in
passbooks, copies of which may be had
Judd building. Fort street
BISHOP & OO.
TRANSACT A GENERAL BATIK
ING AND EXCHANGF.
Commercial and Travelers)' Letters of
Credit issued, available in all the
Principal Cities of the World.
INTEREST allowed on fixed deposits
Three Months 3 per cent, per an
Six Months 3-per cent, per annum;
Twelve Months 4 per cent, pot
CLAl'S SPRECKELS. nil. C. IRWIN
Clans Spreckels & Co.,
HONOLULU. - -
San Francisco Agents The Xevaiiti
National Bank of San Francisco.
DRAW EXCHANGE ON
6AN EiiANUIKCO The Nevada Xi.
ional Bank of "San Jfraucisco.
LONDON The Union Bank of Lot.
NEW YORK Ai rican Exchniua
CHICAGO -A Srei -hunts' Nations
PARIS Gredit Lvontsais.
BERLIN" Dresdner is.ik.
Hongkoug and SI aoguai Banidui'.
NEW ZEALAND Nl AUSTJte
LI A Bank of New Zea. :u;d.
of British North A merit- .
TRANSACT A GENEIsAL BAITErKfi
AND EXCHANGE BUSINESS.
Deposits Received Loans Made Oi
Approved Security. Commercial hh
Iravelers' Cnxiit Issued. Bills of
Bought and Jiold.
collections peohptxt AC.
BISHOP & CO,
OfHco at banking building on Merchant
Savings Deposits will be "received
and interest allowed by this Bank at
4J per cent, per annum."
Printed copies of the Rules and
inarb) obtained on uppjicar
BISHOP & CO.
lilt 40K0HIMi SPECIE B1NK
Fund - .
;y 2 1,000,000
- i'en 18,000,000
- Ten S.OOO.OOO
The bank uys and receives for ',
Actions B'.'js of Exchange, issues
Drafts and otters of Credit and tran?
cts a gent ral banking husinesa.
Agency Yokohama Specie Bank-.
New Republic Building, Honolulu, H.T.
J. 11. MiMlM A; M.f
Members ofH5noluIu Jixchange
Stock and Bowl Brokers
Advaaces ilade on Apnroved Security
Silent Barber Shop
JCWIPH rtiUr A3TDBX, Vroy.
Qrsdz in every
TF5 JfTiSi SSS7?
2G S?lJi? LJ?
Equal to any $50 wheel in the market.
RHCIFIC CYCLE CO.,
A Keg Always Open
Fop Youp Breakfast .
Large Bloater Mackerel
Delicious Salt Salmon Bellies
For a Boiuuj Dinner:
' A Joint of our Corned Beef
and Smoked Herring-
Ovsters and Fish
HENRY MAYT CO., LTD.
THE WATERHOUSE ST0RE,'THE (VlclNTYRE STORE.
Bethel Street, Telephone 24 Cor. King and Fort Sts. Tel. 22
MEiiMXZTr 11 r
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l f I UtgifaMVW il JJ
m BS Ul Illll Wk II III lllllf Illi
and yiger ima.5inIc.
fvVMi illiT tFI k ff 1 1 IH i llllVlI Ul
f ordinary beer.
- .ni t.
ROBINSON BLOCK, Hotel Street.
--SN??-;-'- fc 91 'T
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