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THE HOXOLTLTF F.EFTJBLTCA2C, SUXDA. OCTOBER 23?, 1900.
F YOU ARE INTERESTED IN RIBBONS. nor is the time to
tako advantage of our Sale; we placed on sale this week abont
M)00p Mards of 'the mosb -definable shajdes for fancy work in
silk Ribbons, positively for Oife week-only at, the following
No. 7. all silk Ribbon .- 8 CQiite.
The Union Express Oo.j
Qffioa witk Evsning.Bulletio.
i0 RiuR titnx -: :- TclcphtMto Si.
W movo me&, pinuoa aud furnittm?
We haul fntlght and lumber.
We cell black and whito sand.
We moot all lacmuliiK coast ft earner ,
wo ohook Iwffgajo on all outKouiK
W. LARS EN,
G. H. Brown,
In now open for business on
etroet, boUvcooi Toti nntl
ilstitufttoe made on everything in
the plumbing line.
Fhoaa ... ilATN 48.
ft. tletfrisoo Jlill Go.- Ittxl
KHwatebso Street, Kewnlo.
SILL VSiC II ALL ITS B8AICHES.
Telephone White 121 : P.O.Box55i
Ohta WoodJ?or Sal L
W. C. AOUT CO,
10 West KtnK Stxetft.
4stor Hvse Restaurant
Meals served at H hours.
Fifsclass iiipBVory detail
5 c and
3, " "'
Ve arc dosing ont all our Crash and Covert cloths" at a great
reduction. Goods displa'ed in Window. 3(5 inch ey.tni heavy
quality Covert in all shades at 16Ac yard.
Crash at 6 and 15c. Former price 2GcyarcL
ls;arefreshin and ixntkning
ra"mii tonic ttwJ purifies and
H 'jut- . -
ivkiftt vi syMCOl sininiL h
it nas the uiwmmoo ciworscmcnT
profession . Ask fir it
Toj Sale 9 fill Dealers.
Pacific Import Incorporated. Co .,
Progress Block, Fort Street
:5ALE OF RIBBONS:
For ail Kinds of Work
(LAND AND MARINE)
Running Pumps, v
Dynamos and Machinery
(THE UNION ENGINE)
Sole Agents: THE YON KAMI YOUNG CO. LTD.
P. 0. Box 441
K The CLEVELAND Bicycle Agency is with us
S now, ana will be at nOME where there are facilities to J&
properly handle that iirst class wheel. The stock will w 2
be sold at reduced rates to make room lor Jsew
V Goods ordered.
Tho STEABNS Bicycle from $25.00 to 5.-00
still on hand.
Milwaukee Puncture Proof Tire m nil sizes nt
Wm HONOLULU CIW CO., MkL
and 23t King Strcei.
GBMTISMi U '
m wmm mm
UZT&ST OF A. SE&XES OF ARII-
CLES ON' AK
l4fChif Questions Involved Discus d
g . From the Standpoint of Law-
1 ad History A Care-
g fal Study.
Mr. Iaai JLj Arias Ka prepared
tor the Sun a serin of article
npon the chief cutioiM of coMtituxJonul
14 out of th policy t
slon. upon irhich the admirutfration of
the I'tJted Stag: kaa recent cntered.
Mr. autxurahip Is a sufficient
yuarant of the ability and learning with
vhih the-" important subject discussed.
The first of Use articles t pub-
It. is assumed l" tie present, adounia
tratloa of the United Ktate, as tins lt&d
of it policy of colonial expansion, that it
ir competent fur tb federal
through 'ngre to hld apd mile sublet
ftiri from the limits
tsoaj of the Coiifctiuituin.
If th:s aumption cannat W;
if the fidiral cunvtitution forbids
the colonial ajawa and Its iirorWons
urotcct the territori inUcdoi to le
us vaal urovluc, the imperial
carer Rion hich toe country has 5oet
l.il laut. Lod tuut end.
The sulject prestuiti the lollaw ini; qua.
tious "vvtA )4lt lo iifcuscd in thu jr
tide and thoi hieh are to follow:
1 Whether the Constitution of Uie
Uiitttjd iate empiy,tr tht; general gov
ernment to hold and jforern colonits?
Q. 1.i 'her the Constitution ittodj of
Fit own frco iutq territor.r aeaufred b
the union and limit the power of
jriir Mich territorj?
3. Whether the native inhabitants of,
astdred territorx vJw ccsuiin therein,
tmlect to the jurisdiction of fhe United
State, are citizens of the latter?
4. Whether the nrejldeni and senate
may bj tretly t ia congre dominion
ovr annexed torritorr and it lnhaitant
free fsom the operation of the Constitution?
If th ju54ion of the right of the federal
jfo erjtfuent to hold eokoe3 1 considered
historically It Js at once eridtat
tbat the djstinguikhing events o! American
hi.vtorv 'indioate tho ho01itj dosply
nvctcrated hi tho sontiments and insti
lonial system and the local prebiasfona
it reaja. The Involution it-
was nothinar more or &- than I'
aii uprising ngainat the colonial pol
jey. which chanced to coneeMtrate tip-on
a micstion of taxation. Tho
Declaration of IndetMsndewie was a
denial of the lawfulness of that
policy, and the Monroe doctrine, cancaived
'ij Jpffervon, approved by Madison,
by Mouroc and Qmnty Adams
and defendid'at th time by Mhonn,
("lay and "Webster, y9 'Plainly an
mmilfeato on echo of the
Ilevolutitm whiih in
hi't'ycry n5pcct baa ltn ateadfaktly adhered
ln? It? atmonncemoat. But, however
ojpo'rtnur the afds of bbtory in
the subject, the latter will be treated
11 the cnfiflitis discussion in a mare strictly
Thc'opinion of Chief Justice Tanpy in
the cafe of b. Sandford that the
ooeral bveniment has uo authority to
maintain colonies, govorniiyr their-inhabitants
with dincretionarj' power, rosU upon
the fundameittal teawt of oonsxltut'onal
law that all tfie power of government
are limited bf the purpoaai and
of the Constitution, which are to
Ik gathered from the spirit structure,!
pritifipb?3 and provisions of that imtru
ment. This Is by no mean a canon of
cji'nstruntion. It is die metiuvl of
Interpretation employed by Alexander
Hamilton (Worts, "Vol. IV, pp. 113, 114).
by Chief Justice Ja.v (Writing and Cor
Vol. III. p. SO. 456), by Chief
Jntice Marshall "(1 "Wheat.,-304, $26; '2
!i5 300; Wrltitipu pp.
S'26) and by Paniel Webster (Vork3.
Vol.. III. ."i, 231. 336 i IV, p. ; VI.
5-24; V-. pp. ."?) 337). Hrom tht
loptiou of :he CanUtition. in 17SS, un
or lSfS tip correstud of
this rule construction wraa ueyer QiiE
u or denied.
lieasoninp. then, from tliJ sourcw o!
tLe ConsMtuthn reivrred to, Jua'ce
lasey conluilM that the parpoe for
which the Constitution cnab!el th
to a-quire territory ,'4J
t jiIUraa pumwan as a state into the
iiuon. IV opinion in this csieet 1 en-
-Iy ?ustaiuel bv prior and sjubjucnt
1 UiusioBaajf the court andjby tha
iIM,ftllr unanimous oplujons Af fhi srea
. . .
attUemeu of therepuhlics - Ch,ef J usee?
"There is certainly, no power given by
tho Constitution to thifederal
toostablish 'or nuuntaurpIoniw
lttancev toivg xuicg or, ioretTie ai jv
wn NVpoyrtr U
Jven to aciiSlre a territory to' be? held
-ml mvtrnl xeriasieatlvi5li "that char-1
the territory of A UalftA & P-a
la the. coaatfcvn of thU
,wcr by all the depastcnja of Jbc
rrer.tit Ijis U"ii feeld to authorize thel
Stablrion. ci territory not fit foe
ci the time, hat to he admijtad as
hss as it potnilation and sJruEXioa
it to aile? It w acqaintd to
ste aM! so to bld as a.
pi-.ay.-as! sovtjrars! tjy coa?rea fith
" s thirv ts tjfi. exptfs rcsylatiets io
Jts Const .tlcn deSnlBgHhj? potrar "rblch
fs scR'ral rpn:oisi(r5Hiaji3ttrir over
ihi cctvou.of pPftyo itlM? in a
.saritor? thus aiirv tie court st
koif to tig prov&rfoas aiyi
fprincipie P ta uoaaraaon aaa ic
$X yhich It 4ecka oe
tiU rrf teWe a. it mac
lieVifely aatecl ti tW citiB. th
- U T W
--' l-C ft
tniiea Star tc!j r a
Uoiri to lite, jwpl of th Usltdi
Slates cannot t rukd x i&ere
f opknt cpoa the wiU of th areal
Jrenus,at ad la t porercett by aor
laxo: it ny thtslCproptfr to uapoens.
A po'HEi. tiwrtforc. ia t saeral sorer
rtcat to obtaia and hoM oo2oaf and
ttrrrorte! irhkh tlwy aiirfci
?ilatt vcIVfcost rrstrktkia fc fa
UQ5iat2t With It-v own XStifEO in it-
forw." (,li Iloward. pp. 44r.
"The chi jastio then point out thai
atxutdicc to th Cosstitnrioo. the
by coart of a territory u only
temporary sod initfatire to its sdnbkm
as a state, in power, says be. to ac
quir Decearily csmt arlth It dw powtr
lo prerre and ai'ply to the parici?ss for
wstcs it wa ac?;oirL The form of
to be established necetsarily
rvted in the Cucrsuon of cocsnss. I
isas their duty to establish th one tha
rould b bit Aattd for the prouvtioa
and a.uritj of the citizen o! th Cniteo
(Stal and inhabitant uho raichr
bo authorized to take up their abode
there. Some form of civil au
thortty would he absolutely neceoary :
organise and preserve civilized society
and prepare it to become a xmte. and
what ia the bt form must always depend
upon the condition of the territory a:
the time, and the choice of the
depead upon tho eiercito of db-
cretioaary by congress, actitii;
within the aoopo of its constitutional authority
and not infringini; upon the risht
of Dcrsuas and rJght of property of the
citizens who nuyr po there to reside
or for any oiher lawful purpote. It ua
acquired by the eserci?e of this discretion
and it nr6ft Iw bdd and governed in like
niannej until Ifja fitted to fie a Haa."
All the members of tha court without
MCeption conenved in thtsw ie.
Mr. Jutsa Wayne said :
?om.urripj: I do entirely in the
opinion of the court as it has been urit
teii and read by the chief justice without
any qualification of iu reaioning ie
its conclusion I ahall neither read nor
file an opinion of uiy own in this cai.
mLvIi I p spared when I supposed it
might be necetoary and proper for me tu
lo fo. U. 4o4.1
Mr, Justkc Gpier aaidr
"I concur vith tlie ojiinjoa of th coarf
as delivered by thi" chief, justice, tbat the
Au of 'Vnpei of 6th March, 1S0
elakcrr in the north
o 3d der. 30 min.) U unconstitutional
and void." (P. 460.)
The opinioa of Mr. Justice IMniel
coincidoB Mvth that of the .hief justice
(pp. aad Mr, Justice
in hig very learned, historical and
legal opinion, ably sustains Judge Taney
upon every point. Referring to the
oud (laiyse of the third section of Article
IV of the Constitution hlch provldea
that "consrew shall haw pojvr tp dis
pod of and make all Afedfjil cuiea
vegulatioa reiecting tho territory or'
other pronocty. lhnging to Cnitel
tutions of thV American people is the ccf States" Jatice Campbell wroav
"I loak io rain among the
of the tine (or the assertion of a tmpreiuo
sarerejgnty for congress over tho lim
itary then belauglnB to the United Krates
or that they might thereafter acquire. I
seek in vain for au annunciation thai a
contolidated roi'w had been inaugurated,
vihase BObjoot comprehended un empire
and which had no restriction but tht
disceedoa of axagwae. This disturbing
elejneat of the anion entirely cscaied the
I apprahensivo prMviona of Samuel Ad
ami, Gaorgp Clinton, Luther Martin and
Patrick Henry, and in respect to dangers
from pasrwr vested in a central
Qvr ififitnnf settlements, colonies or
provincos their Instincts uere always
alive. iot a wool escaped them to wnrn
tnelr countrymen that here was u iowcr
to threaten the landmarks of this federative
union, and with them the safeguards
of popular and constitutional liberty, or
that under thin article there might in;
introduced oo oar soil a single government
aver a vaat extent of country a
government foreign to the penons over
whom it might be exercised, nntl capable
of binding those not represented, by tu.tt
utes, In all caaca whatsoever. 1 fkil
nothing to authorize these enormous pre
tensions, nothing- in the expositions of tae
friends of the CwJStitution. nothinir m
the expressions of nlarm by ifc
Mr. Justice Catron exprcswd the tame
view tuwu this Hibject (pp. 521-2). nnd
Mr. Justice McLean, dissenting in other
points, wholly agreed with Chief Justice
Taney in his view as above bet forth.
"In organising o go".crnuuut of a territory
cougtws ia limitel to menus
tu the attainment of the
oijvoet. Xo powers can be ex
jrctird a.r prohibited by the co.i
litution. or which are contrary to it
.pi. it, so that whether the object maj
the protection of the perrons and pro,
erty of purchasers of the public lands Or
of communities' who have been annexed
'o the union by conquest or purchase th.'v
are mtyitur to Hui atcuurat. nj
ttatc fnrcudrumii, and no mote powir
an be jaicipd or exNclsed than is
sary to the atajnrc?ut of the end. Tm
i the limitation of all the federal pew-
ecs." 1'. Wii
Mr. justice Curtis, vboi dissvnfinjr
opinion in Scott, vn. Sanford ha? always
been accepted as authoritative by those
who took exception to the views of the
maioritr of tho court on tha status of
slaves, also clearly, announced his con
currence with the proposition laid down
by all the other justices that the only
purpose for which the federal government
through cosgre$ can constitutionally
hold and govern territory is to admit It
a a ate into the union. Said hu
The rules and regularieos cmst t
seeiifnj. - Since- then this power
was manifestly conferred ia enable th-
Cnit Stated to diP of U-i public
land to pettier and to tien t!a
. uta c hlaU wUcn in the judgment
of congrvss they JuId he fitted therefor.
once thi; were the ntvL provide for.
since It U oonfeswl that is
to provid for tlioac needs
and th povcr ir to make cU ikwlid
mien and rru!attocs rwpctins the
rUory. I cannot ilosbt that Un ia a
powxr to pas?rn tfe inhabitants o: th
territory by cea wk aaagrts deem
Bwlfttl !! tflCff oktci mm; a
, Tie parpoucs ami ob
jects oL the claue r the enactsccnt if
Iasr coQcvrsisff tic dtafosat of the pub
lic IajMlt assl the fewtferary jrorersir
of fA tcHfcri tkmmm vmtit eic c
fcr forme.", (Pp. ulSaG.)
E. O. Hfllili SON, Sole flgt.
KDiG STREET. HOXOLTXLU.
Just arrived another
Special Tropical Corrugated
Guamntce! for 1 year
50 Dozen Mi : Nf gllgee 8hlrt
Corner Fort and Beretania Ste, opp. Fire Station.
E. O. HAIili A SOfl, Sole Agt.
KING STREET, HONOLULU.
WE LEAD IN BARGAINS
Itcod'the following prices aijd judge for yoursolf.
7B Dozen Men's Balbribgan Underwear
Other gco i bargains in Shooting, Pillowa Cottoo 8hoet,
and Pillow Cases.
ALBERT BlloM,. Prop.
A Hospitable : Offering.
BEG LEAVE TO TXFORM' OUB TIOENDS
WE and the public generally that-we hTamoTed leto
oar new store, Corner of Fort and Hotel Btreeta; wh
we will be pleaded to receivaa contiaaanc, of foxsier
Kone but high grade goods kept In t4ocli
OX GOODS A SPECIALTY.
Be Suro that the Beer You Drink has tha Above Trade Mark
SOLE AGEXT3 TEKRiTOBr OF HAW AH.
W. C. PEACOCK & CO., LTD.
Cor. Fort and Hotel Sts.
Tbi HMohilu Tobicco Co., Ltd.,