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SIXTEEN THE HONOLULU HEPUBLICAN, SUNDAY, JUNE 16, 2901.
WMAG THE PHILIPPINES TOGETHER
How All the Important Points on the Islands Have Been
Connected by Cable in Eemarkably Short Time.
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HEN' Manila fell there wer
W practically ao telegraph orj
caMe connectons anywhere
la the Philippines. The
of alad wires connecting
the prtectpal towns, and the cable
fcslwaea Maafla and Ihrflo, and Ilotlo
Oeba, wad beea sealed and
by tbe owaars, the Eastern Ex-
Aaatralaista and China Cable
Coayajr. which announced that it
would aot opea aatfl the United
States coald aasare protection for its
employes aad property.
ImwediateJy upon the occupation of
Manila the aaestioa of wires assumed
fteriOM phase, indeed, the trouble
at the capture of the place.
bd the destractioa of our wires was
tbe Aral hostile act of the insurgents.
I'poa Agtftnaklo's taking the warpath
ft became useless to stretch a
line aaless the army surrounded It or
unlaw ft was defended by a patrol close
fitoagh together to shout a message
along. The system abandoned by the
Kartcra Kxtemrion company fell into
his bands. He opened, repaired. Improved
and extended it with astonishing
ability, utilizing even fence wire
Mid natwtsled wire rope, and always
managing to destroy the portions in
tbe tenrritory he was forced from
time to Uwe to yield. The insurgents
knew the value of wires, and at
every opportunity a few men would
Klip by our lines or between them
and haul away a6 much as they could
Cable, though far more costly and
rewiring more time to lay, could be
maintained in the Philippines; for
had no gear,"
nr grappling and cutting utensils.
The War Department decided to
a complete cable system, with
alternates, a soon as possible. Contracts
were placed, the work was
niahed. and the Hooker, the first
Philippine capableshlp, was dispatch-i-d
post haste, taking on part of her
equipment, which was procured in
England, at Gibraltar.
The problem of securing a satisfactory
force had been by no means
an aaay one, for the business of cable
laying is a new one in the United
States. The services of Mr. Otto
Stmbel. an engineer of the French
Cable Company, were secured, and
those of Mr. Henry "Winter, an officer
of the Anglo-American cable-ship MI-ala.
But three men of tho Hooker's
crew had had experience in cable work.
An expert jointer of rubber cable was
enlisted in New York, but he deserted
the expedition a few days before It
left Care had been taken, though.
to have two sergeants of the signal
corps instructed by him in the art,
In case of such an emergency.
After arriving at Manila the Hooker
was sent to Hong Kong to coal, struck
an outlying reef off Corregidor Island,
anJ. after all, down went the cable
to the bottom of the sea. Of course,
that was its ultimate destination, but
not in a lump. The slip was a
total loss, but most of the cable and
machinery, though somewhat damaged,
was recovered and taken back
to Manila. Then the Romulus was
chartered and equipped with the recovered
For the work in rivers and other
shallow bodies of water barges were
equipped and towed by small gun
boats. The gunboats could repel disturbers
and the same exposure was
not necessary in reeling out the cable
from the barges as was required to
stretch land lines. About every five
miles stops would be made to test
what had been laid. The smaii military
force that accompanied wese expeditions
when in hostile country was
deployed as pickets when the electricians
landed to make the tests.
For the actual work of establishing
the lines it was necessary to employ
natives. It takes three natives to do
the work of one American workman,
but the native asks only $5 per month
salary, and his accustomeu fare of
rice, dried fish. etc. He loves to
squat when reeling the cables and he
works with as little effort as possible.
The first work was done by the
army, but subsequently contracts were
let for the entire work, laying as
well as furnishing the cable. The
government furnishes the cable ship,
the necessary military protection and
an officer as director and inspector.
More than 2000 miles have now been
laid, almost enough to reach from
Honolulu to San Francisco. All the
principal cities and every island of
any size are connected. To be more
explicit, cables connect Manila and
Cavite, Taguig and Calamba, Taguig
and Dinang, Calamba and Los Banos,
Los Banos and Santa Cruz, Liloan
and Ormoc, Cebu and Liloan, Leyte
and Tacloban and Samar, Nalc and
Corregidor, Guinayangan ana Pasaco,
and other points from the islands
of Cebu to Bahol, Negros to Cebu,
Cebu to Mindanao, Jolo to Mindanao,
and also connecting points on tne
Island of Mindanao, where land wires
can not yet be maintained. Most of
the work has been accomplished In
the past twelve months, and little
trouble is being experienced from intentional
interruption, a striking evidence
of American progress.
Very often ships weighing anchor
in the harbors, find the flakes entangled
with the cable, and to save a
few minutes time, cat the cable instead
of disengaging it. Nine out of
ten of the breaks are due to this.
A curious protest was offered when.
the first military cable was laid
that from Cavite to Manila. The
Eastern extension Company had acquired
a new francmse from Spain
just before the war, with the sole
right of cables in the Philippines.
This franchise lasts until 1910. and'??3 Je ." f.arTOC?Sff
a clause in the contract provides a Hleom. 55led Ju
dred yards from the Wcano
payment of 5000 for each rear be-15
fore that date that other' cables ? 1 M ZlhLT:
hall be used. The company has now
put in a claim upon the United States
for the amount, but the claim will be
Ignored for reasons connected with
the disposition of the cable at the
beginning of the war.
A few days prior to the opening of
the war. under an emergency contract
with the Spanish Government,
stimulated by the approach of hostilities,
the company extended its
Hong Kong cable, which landed on
Luzon, at Balino. to Manila. Admiral
Dewey endeavored In. vain to
obtain a neutralization of this cable:
the Spanish officers refused to permit
him to use it. He. therefore
cut it- Five days after Manila fell
he dispatched a vessel to the point
of rupture, about two miles off Ca
vite, where the cable lay in about
ten fathoms. The ware action had
carried the ends about 200 feet apart,
to the full length of a stout rope that
had joined them to facilitate recovery. ,
There was no regular cable to be had.
and the repair was accomplished bv
splicing in a piece of insulated field
wire with such an allowance of slack
that the stay rope, which was left
on, should bear the strain. Hong
Kong was called only to find that to
avoiu complications, me company uuu
sealed the cable; and after all the
grapling and improvising the dispatch-boat
had to be continued. It was some
time after the protocol was signed j
that the Spaniards and the compaJ
ny's officers decided to break the ,
seal. The use of a cable for ex-
change of messages in place of tne
slow service of the dispatch-boat at (
this time would have been of
able value to this government, out I
the British companv took no note of
that and now it will probably cost
It is now just a matter of time before
an American cable will span
from the Philippines to some point
on the coast of China and Japan. The
same Eastern Extension Company
now charges 75 cents per word for
messages from Manila to Hong Kong,
about three times the rate from the
United States to Europe.
This government is not in the International
Telegraph Union, which practically
eliminates our voice from the
conduct of the great cables, and in
case of emergency gives other countries
those in the union prior right
to the use of them. The Philippine
system is America's first step in
cables. It Is a good big stride, and
when the transpacific is a fact this
countrv will be abreast of the others.
Judicious advertising always pays.
K1U1, GREATEST Oft
are a series of sulphur pits or cracks.
Steam strongly saturated with sulphur
is constantly emanating from these
unfcn:L;Z S" ;S
cakes of sulphur have formed around
the small openings or steam cracks
in these banks, and one can gather
beautiful specimens of pure sulphur
there. Two years ago a party of sol- j
diers from one of the transports which j
stopped at HIlo, while visiting the j
flUM IN THE 101
them, poking into them, dropping
stones down their cavernosa depths
and speculating on the fires burning
Nor are these all in the -vicinity of
Kilanea that are of intense interest
to the student of nature. Within
a rery short distance from the hotel
and connected with Kilanea by a
great ravine lies Kilauea Iki or Little
Kilauea. an extinct crater with
almost Dernendicular walls five nun-
dred feet deep. The floor of the crater
is black lava devoid of all vegetation
showing that is not very old. By
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VOLCANO.- -(Photo by Williams, Ho-
going on horse back over to the southeast
one can, in half a day's ride, see
the craters of seven extinct volcanos,
probably the old craters of what is
now known as Kilauea. That they
are very old is shown by the fact
that they are filled with vegetation
some of them containing the largest
giant ferns I have ever seen any place.
Two of these old craters He along
the road which leads to the sea in
the district of Puna and you can rile
to their very brim and look down
into their depths at the rich tropical
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GREAT TREE FERN NEAR THE
cano, set fire to these sulphur banks,
and this fire raged for two days. There
was great fear of the hotel and stables
and various outbuildings being consumed,
as there is no fire protection;
but finally a heavy rain came on which
beat out the fire.
By far the largest share of visitors
make the mistake of neglecting thest
steam cracks and sulphur banks, or
at most only hurriedly visiting them
To me they were one of tne
most interesting features of Kilauea.
One can spend much time around
growth. You are cot aware of approaching
either of them untn they
suddenly burst into view as you are
oa their brink and the sight Is one
gorgeous beyond description.
It woald not do to close this description
of Hawaifs greatest wonder
without speaking of the wonderful
tropical foliage to be seen along
the Volcano road. This Volcano road,
by the way. is a fine macadamized
roadway built of lava rock. lined
on each side witn the most luguriant
Tegetatloa of the tropics; eTery turn.
and every bend brings into view a
sight that seems more grand and
beautiful than that which has just proceeded
it. Giant tree ferns that would
set the fern enthusiast into an
of delight: great creepers climbing
up the Ohla trees; birds nest
ferns beside which those cultivated la
vards of Honolulu look Insignificant.
I hare seen much of the most brilliant
tropical vegetation in Central America
but there Is nothing there to compare
with that which greets the eye along
tho Volcano road. One cannot describe
it. it Is indescribable: one cannot
picture it for no photograph can
do it justice for it cannot convey the
rich tropical coloring to be seen in
the verdue. One must see it just as
one must see Kilauea to fullr appreciate
th greatest natural wonder la
the world today.
EDWIN S. GILL.
THE GREED OF WEALTH.
To vou who nrav by night and day
That wealth tnav be roar share
And give no place to God's good grace
I say beware, beware!
The fattened purse can bless or curse.
And this we know full well.
Gold paves the street for idle feet
And speeds them fast to hell.
For hell is not that final spot
That waits for sin's redress:
It is the sphere all souls find hare
Who dwell In selfishness.
Nor, hoofed and horned, by mortals
Do devils sulk below,
But crowned with pelf, and love of
Purse proud through earth they go.
They beggar toll, they sefzo the soil.
(God's gift to one and all)
They sing loud psalms and scatter
That blight where e'er they fall.
With greedy lust and might of trust
They take the laborer's bread.
Nor understand his lifted hand
When offered alms instead.
The thirst for gain blunts heart and
The gold-mad mind Is cursed.
Oh, you who pray for wealth today
Seek God's large wisdom first.
No mortal mind alone can find
The gold-paved path to right
With reverent mein, ask powers unseen
To lead with love's great light
ELLA WHEELER WILCOX.
YOU" CA2T DO IT NOW!
Is transmitting messages to afi
j the Islands of he groan except
i Kauai. Minimum Rate is $2.
Honolulu Office, Mapon Block
Telephone, Main 13 L
Messenger will call foe yoar
m e. IRWIN S GO., LTD
Wm. G. Irwin.. Prostdaat A Manager
Uau3 Spreckels.. First Vic President
W. M. Glffard..S3C03d Vk
H. M. Whitney, Jr.. .Traaa. and Saev
AGENTS FOr. THg
Oceanic S. S. Co.
Of San Francisco. Cat
WESTERN ASSURANCE CO.
J. H. FISHEB,
Agent Hawaiian Island?.
118,000 rrc WTEEKS
This is the Amount that has in Hawaiian Securities
The Pacific lllutual Life Insurance Company
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in this short time, and negotiations are now on for more. Does this not
stamp The PACIFIC MUTUAL as your Home Company ?
Before investing get the figures on the MUTUAL INVESTMENT CONTRACT,
which is issued only by THE PACIFIC MUTUAL.
CLINTON J. HUTCHINS
xox DHCa,"waaia,22 Xsla,rLd.s
Phone, Main 34. - MGlneftiy BIogK, Fort Street- P. O. Box 75C.
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