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TUESDAY '...SEPT. 29, 1885
kvMJ'jP Tnf" i
SAXITA11T CONniTIok 0
Medical minds at the present day
are strongly occupied with the "germ
theory." That is as many believe-
that very many of the diseases known
as zymotic or diseases produced by a
ferment are due to minute germs.
which, when introduced into a fresh
field where the conditions are favor
able to their development rapidly reproduce
themselves and being introduced
by some means into the bodies
of poor humanity, at once begin their
work which in many cases ends in the
death of the Unhappy victim.
Among the diseases which are so believed
to be propagated, are small-pox,
diptheria, typhoid fever, measles,
scarlatina, cholera, and in tact most
of the class known to the
world as "contagious diseases." Now,
while this is a most, seductive theory
and in some instances seems to be fully
proved, other causes, as well as the
introduction of the specific germ, are
necessary to produce an epidemic.
Physicians tell us that flt times there
seems to be an epidemic influence or
tendency in the atmosphere and in the
general surroundings of any particular
place. And even in addition to both
-of these, factors, one of prevailing
potency with most of these diseases is
absolutely indispensable, and that one
cause in a word is, filth. We are also
told that these germs once introduced
into the body which they are soon to
destroy, are so introduced, in variously
different ways : some by inocculation,
some by the air we breath, and still
others through the medium of the
water we drink ; and these last are
among the most active and deadly of
all. Surely if this be the case it behooves
any community as well as every
individual to be cautious in this regard.
We have already spoken of our water
supply as being surface water obtained
mostly from Nuuanu Valley. Above
the point where the water is diverted
into the public mains, arc a considerable
number of families, ami no inconsiderable
number of natives. What is
to, hinder, then, any of these diseases
which' are introduced through the
medium of water, from being
at dfy time permitted to find their
'wayijinto our water supply so as to be a
source of peril to each and every one of
us ?-y Such being the case, is it any
more than common prudence to seek
to devise means to put this peril from
us ? And yet Nature offers us every
opportunity for Art to step in and put
this supply absolutely beyond the
chance of danger. There is already an
artesian well belonging to the Govern
ment, with a most ample supply of
water pure as water can be for the
entire community, and all that is want
ing to turn this supply to permanent
use, and 'all that is necessary if we un-
. derstahd the matter, are pumps and
ppyer of Sufficient capacity to fill our
already er.isting pipes, together with a
reservoir of sufficient size to keep a few
hours reterition of the over-flow of the
pipes when they get a pressure on them
above a fixed point, which is kept at a
steady rate by the pumps. This whole
question has been well and ably worked
out by Mr. J. S. Emerson, a civil engineer
in the employ at present, if we are
correctly informed, of the Government.
Why is this not done ? Why are we
left year after year to an inadequate
and, dangerous supply of this imperative
necessity ? -The reasons are not
ar to seek or hard to find.
-ii t,'"" i juwig.'.u.i
The five points to be looked after in
attempts to prevent cholera, as laid
down by the Illinois Board of Health,
are:, i, The condition of water supply?
, 2. Tho disposition of night soil,
garbage 'and sewerage. 3. The cleansing
of streets, alleys and other public
places, 4.' The supervision of food
supplies, and of market-places, slaughterhouses
and similar establishments.
5. The general sanitation of every
house and its surroundings.
The .Strength of the
Silver Minos of Peru.
Oattlomon Leaving tho Indian Territory,
Nogalcs, A. T., has a saloon where
you enter from Mexico and drink in the
The Siamese Minister, Prince Nares,
accompanied by four sons of the King
of Siam,has been making a tour of England.
The ruins at Fort Sumter arc now
hut one story high, and there arc but
half a dozen guns, none of which is fit
for use. The Government pays two
hundred dollars per month for watch
men, who Keep ugnts uurning lor me
guidance of mariners.
The Czar of Russia is degrading the
officials of his frontier commercial
cities because he is determined to fight
down the German language, which is
encroaching upon his territory. The
Czar finds it difficult to maintain the
Muscovite tongue as well as the
style of government.
A cable railroad is being constructed
to the summit of Lookout Mountain,
Tennessee. The engine is to be located
immediately at the famous point of the
great battle fought there, and, of course,
the cars and road will be operated from
that place. The road will greatly highten
the interest which attaches to the locality,
as one of the most brilliantly contested
fields of war.
The cattlemen infesting Indian Territory,
when ordered by the President to
leave the Territory in forty days, took
two weeks to go to Washington, for the
purpose of conyicing the President that
they could not vacate in the time
specified. Mr, Cleveland bluntly informed
them that it was a strange
proceeding for them to be wasting time
in Washington, and that his order would
hot be tpodified. They found the
ENecutive meant what he said, and
nojv dispatches report that every head
of stock has been removed.
The latest dispatches confirm the report
that Russia and England had
signed the protocol defining the Russo-
Afghan frontier. Mr. Lessar, the special
Russian commissioner, whose
Mephistophclian diplomacy has caused
so much talk in London, will now return
to St. Petersburg, his mission having
been accomplished. The assurance of
peace will help the Conservatives in the
English elections. It will be assumed
that the Russians would have continued
their aggressive attitude had the Gladstone
Ministry remained in power. A
fear of war as a result of Tory success
is thus eliminated from the influences
which will determine the result of the
The official report of the last census
of the Turkish capital Im been received
by the ministry. According to
it, the total population of Constantinople,
including the suburbs on the
Bosphorus, numbers 870,000. About
one-half are Moslems; 112,000 are
foreigners ; 1 70,000 live in the Christian
suburban district of Pera. 01 the
(oreigncrs, three fourths are males. The
civil officials number nearly 25,000, of
whom less than 1,000 are Christians-Armenian,
Greek, or Catholic. Geographers
will probably hesitate to accept
the results of Turkish enumeration as
definitive, and various estimates will
still be indulged in. Lower figures are
now generally pieferred.
United States Consul Brent, at
Peru, has reported to the State
Department that negotations have been
commenced for the construction of a
railroad from Aroya to Cefro do Pasco,
for the purpose of reaching the cele
brated silver mines at that place, which
arc said to be the second largest in
the world. Prior to the present century
the mines were worked for a king
by enslaved Indians, and are said to
have yielded $4000,000. The Peruvian
Government has entered into contract
with a syndicate, of which Mayor
Grare and Michael Grace of New York
are said to be members, which, with a
capital stock of $15,000,000, is to work
the mines for a part of the profits.
The Government has (says the
Times Calcutta correspondent) published
a series of tables, .showing the
progress made in the construction of
Indian railways down to March 31 last.
It appears that the length of the lines
then opened for traffic was on the
East Indian Railway, 1,509 miles; on
the guaranteed railways 4,523 miles;
on the assisted railways, 868J4 miles ;
on the Provincial State railways,
r,404 ; and on the Native State railways
663.) miles. There were in pro
gress on the East Indian Railway, 9
miles; on the guaranteed railways, 109
miles; on the assisted railways, 758
miles; on the "imperial State lines,
1,163 miles; on the Provincial State
railways, 420 miles ; and on the
Native Stute railways, 438 miles. It is
mentioned that the section of the Great
Indian Peninsula Railway, from Bombay
to Tlnnah, opened April 18, 1853,
was the first railway in India. It was
followed by the section of the East
Indian Railway, from Howrah to
Hooghly, opened on August 15, 1854.
Mr. Maxim, the inventor of the
machine gun to which his name is
given, has notified the United States
Government that he wishes to contribute
to the ordnance collection of the
Government a full assortment of the
weapons he has invented, and he would
like to hayc them introduced into the
military and naval service. The contribution
will be accepted.
The Chinese appear to be following
the lead of their enterprising neighbors
of japan in the effort to imitate Western
civilization. The Pckin Government
has, it is reported, just made a contract
with English iron founders for the
material to build a railroad which will
give the capital an easy means of communication
with the Yellow Sea, and is
negotiating a large loan of money in
Europe to be expended in internal improvements.
At the same time the
Russians arc pushing their railroad
system beyond the Caspian, and so that
resistless enemy of barbarism, the locomotive,
attacks old Asia on cast and
west at once. The progress of events
every day strengthens the belief that
the world has at last found a civilization
which is destined to embrace every
continent and every race.
A blue book was issued lately containing
statistics respecting the strength
and condition of the British army during
1884. From the tables given it
appears that the effective strength of
the regular army was 181,227 on the tst
of January last year, and 188,217 on
the 1st of December, making the average
strength for the year 183,024. The
Army Reserve numbered 39,286 in
Class 1., and 7,738 in Class n. on the
1st of January 01 the present year. The
strength of the militia and yoemanry on
the dates of inspection of 1884 was
131,787 and 11,488 respectively, whilst
the volunteer force on the 1st of Nov
ember, 1884, stood at 215,015. Of
the regular army, the average of the
force at home during 1884 was 89,904,
the number abroad being 93,010. The
proportions of the several branches of
the service were as follows : Cavalry,
16,908; Royal Artillery, 31,727; Royal
Engineers,?, 5 73; infantry, etc., 128,706.
The army in Eygpt on the 1st of January,
1885, was 15,269 slrong; in the
Colonics including drafts on passage
out), 26,013; and in the East Indies
(including drafts on passage out), 57,-928
; the general total at home and
abroad on that date being 188,657.
The total effective strength on the 1st
of January, 1875, 185,432, and on the
1 st of January, 1885, 213,966. A
similar comparison of the strength of
the volunteers gives the following result
: 1884, 208,365 efficients out of a
total enrollment of 215,015; 1874, 161,-.,
100 out of 185,387, and 1864, 123,797'
out of 170,441.
The following statistics show the
growth of the United States since the
Twenty-five years ago we were 30,-000,000
of people ; now we are over
Then we had 141 cities and towns of
over 8,000 inhabitants ; now we have
286 of such cities and towns. Then
the total population of our cities was
5,000,000; now it is about 12,000,000.
Our coal mines then produced 14,-000,000
tons, now 85,000,000 tons, or
six times as much.
The iron product amounted to 900,-000
tons of ore ; to-day it foots up over
8,000,000 tons a year, almost a
In i860 our1 metal industries
about 53,000 hands, consumed
$100,000,000 worth of material, and
turned out about $180,000,000 in annual
products. To-day these same industries
employ 300,000 hands, consume"
$380,000,000 of materia, and their annual
product amounts to $660,000,000
In i860 the wood industries employed
130,000 persons ; to-day they
employ 340,000, while the value of
their annual product has trebled.
The woolen industry employed 60,-000.
while our home mills, which produced
goods of the value of $80,000,-000
in i860, now turn out. an annual
product worth $270,000,000.
Finally there is cotton. In i860 we
imported 227,000,000 yards of cotton
goods ; in 1880 we only imported 70,-
000,000 yards. In the meantime the
number of hands employed in American
cotton mills has increased to 200,000,
arid we export over 150,000,000 yards
of cotton goods a year, instead of im
porting 227,000,000 yards as we used
The silk industry employed 5,000
persons, now it employs 35,000, seven
times as many.
We import no more silk goods than
we did in i860, but our own mills,
wjiich produced goods of the value of
$6,000,000 then, now turn out a product
of over $40,000,000 yearly.
In i860, 12,000 persons were employed
in American pottery and stoneware
works ; to-day about 36,000 are
employed in this industry.
The chemical industry, which enit
ployed 6,000 persons then, now employs
In the meantime we have neaily five
times as many miles of railways, and
double the number of farms, and yield
ing tnoie than uouuie the number 01
bushels of cereals.
In the production of sheep we had
22,000,000 of them in i860; to-day
hv have over 40,000,000 of them ; and
whereas we then produced in this count
try 60,000,000 pounds of wool, now we
produce 240,000,000 pounds.
Finally, the total of our exports has
doubled. In i860 it stood at $400,-000,000,'
and how it stands at about
$900,000,000. Philadelphia Commercial
PRESS, TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 29, 1885.
We respectfully solicit your subscription tor one
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urday Press" in addition to a new subscription list
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of iho Daily Honolulu Press.
" Mariposa " and " Alameda,"
Custom Made Clothing'
My designs are pronounced
here, having been carefully
Sample Goods, and
mii House in liie United States.
fc Boy9 uits
Ages. ' "
with the Times
Pricesfor Worthless Goods.
AND DEALERS IN
Provisions and Feed.
from die Eastern States and Europe. Fresh
faithfully attended to, and Goods delivered
orders solicited, Satisfaction guaranteed.
OJXT ECA.TSTX A.
I have received by steamers
the. most complete stock of
Ever offered in this town. .
the Neatest ever seen
selected from a large lot of
Made up iiy the M Slylish
I have in the
' '' For all '
j" Nqs:morev Fancy Just
drop in andsee these nice goods.
H, E. McIMTllE
' ISuHt Coram Jfort
New1 goods received by every packet California
Produce by every steamer. All orders to
any pan of the city free of charge. Island Post-
oitic Box No. 145 Telephone No. 92,
Imported Direct From Europe,
AT PRICES TO 3UIT THE TIMES.
Workmanship and Fit Guaranteed.
1 a, , , i , 1
, 'ji..vt 1 tt & 4 JWSkwsatrviitsMrj
This Space is
;f ' : '
C; J; FISH EMS
Lizlu on hi airy cret liH ilenilcr head,
Hit body fthort.'hlt loins luxuriant spread;
Mujcle on mutcle knot) hit brawny Lronit,
No fear alarms him, no vain shouts molrti! ,
O'er his high shouldrr, floating full and fair,
Sweeps his thick inane and spreads hkpotnp of hair;
bwift works his double spine, and earth around
Rings to his kolid hoof that wears the eround VmeiL.
This well-known Trotting Stallion L now Handing at the prn;r of Punchbowl and Queen streets, and
breeders, horsemen and sluuld lake ad' antaue of the oipottunity to obtain Ids blood while they
have the chance, lie is now luokiti and feeling nearly as well as he ever did In his life, and moves as lively
and his ee is as bright and he Is as vigorous ai a four-year-old horse.
It docs not rcnuii"1 . u rsemail to discover great points of excellence In VKNl'URE. ' The ordinary
t&izen, upon beholdu... mm will be Impressed immediately wilh hisgrml nuke lit magnificent length, and
elegant finish. If he Is not I Ik nnlcil horo that .r came to this country, ho U r no of the greatest, and
as a turf performer, he towj. as far a'uye tlictn all an he docs above a sucking colt in U-.
A great deal of Importance has lately been attached to the value of a hore that Is belnc kept for stock purposes,
whether he is standard or not. a.id tilt of tin National of Trottlni Horse Dreeders
in America strongly advises people not to DitruiiUe stultiuns that am not standard bred, and he, also advises
them to select on? not only standanl bred, but if possible jr. that is s auJ.it J h Ms on performance, which is
a public record of 1:30, or better, and even nivru tunii this bj me etfoinur.ee of his get also. Now, if this rule
was rigidly npplitd u would exclude all such great horses as Electioneer and the sites of Maud S. and Jay Eye
See. etc, for while they have become greatly renowned by the p. rfoniunce ol their get, they neverwere turf
Now, we will see, for cdilosity, how near VENTURE comet to possessing these three qualifications,
namely : Urecding, performances and performances of his et. .
As to breeding, he is the peer of anyhorse on earth, and I don't except the great Hermit, who it the mtut
popular stallion in England, and whose service fee is ,$ )o. he beiu the sira of threj Derby winners.
As to his own performances, he meets tiie requirements, having a public rccoid of 3:372:30 being the
standard of admission. x
His get are now just beginning to be appreciated in Calirornia, one of which (Vengeance) wona good race
quite lately in Sacramen'o, in straight heats, nuking a record of 9:34, and is taid to be able to trot clote to i2o,
when called upon to do to.
With these facts before us, VENTURE looms up as one of the greatest liorsts, not only in this but in any
other country, and the day is past when people will breed anj thing but the very best ; and while the death of
two such great horses as lloswell and llaraar is greatly deplored by all true horsemen, still it it a great consolation
that there Is so good a horse as VEN 1 URE to fill their place.
VENTURE is an aged horse, but ha is one ear younger than Dictator, who was sold only last ear in
Kentucky for $15,000, on the strength of his being the sire of Jay Eye See. His stud fee Is $300. lie is alio
ten years younger than Volunteer (sire of St. Juhen), whose fee is $po. All things taken into consideration, 1
cannot tee why VENTURE is not as desirable a hore to breed from as any of them, or why he is not as
worthy of the patronago of the public. Below I will give his pedigree, of which I invite a comparison with that
of any other horse in the country :
VENl'URE, chesnut horse, 16 hands, foaled in 1864 ; sired by Rclmont, he by American Doy, he by Sea
Gull, he b Imp. Expedition.
ist dam, Miss Mostyn, by American
ad dam, by Kenner's tiray Mcdjt,
3d dam, imp. Lady Mo tyn, bj Ten
4th dam, Invalid, by htsker.
jih dam, Helen, ly HambletonUn,
6th dam, Susan, by Overton.
7th dam, Drowsy, by 1 irone. .,
. . v . Sthilam, byOldl.nubnd,
5h dam, by Oilmen Arabian. ,
, . . roth dam, Ml? Cade, ly Cade, '
nth dam, Miss Makcliss, b sou of (!reho '
n'h dam, by
.-... 13th dam, Miss Dom, dam by Wodcick. ,
tslh dam, by Croft's llay Da'b.
., ' 15th djm, Dosdem'nnni, dam by Makvless '
16th dam, by llrimmcr. ,
. 17th dam, by Dickey I'ierson.
ibth dam. Ifurton barb. More " , '
Z3T F01 any additional particular!, lerms, ttc, apply
4-29 O. O.
Pacific Hardware Company
Successors to Dillingham & Co., and Samuel Nott.
IMPORTERS AND DEALURS IN
Hardware, Agrivaltuval Implements,
House Furnishhiy JoulHt&' General Merchandise,.
Just received Kddy's Kefrige rators unti Ice Chests, new f (vies of Cinndclicts and Library
Lamps, Stoviil nnii Uanges, Kerosene Oil btot,i.
t' All of which are oifered Upon favorable terms.
PACIFIC HARDWARE COMPANY.
IMPORTERS AND J01I1IERS OF AM. KINDS OF
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Kits Mackerel, Kits Salmon llellies, Kits Smoked ljalibut, Kill Halibut Fins and Nor et
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Worcester Sauce, (In kegY California Cider Vinegar, and kegs), Urkd Africa, Peaches, Etc.,
Uilifornla lable Raisins, Assorted Nuts, Assorted labia and l'le Fiuits, Jams and Jellies
COLUMBIA RIVER SALMON, 1884 CATCH, (Bbls. and half Bbls.)
CALIl'OKNIA FKESH FRUIT AND HUTTJCR HY EVERY .STEAMER,
"Wl.ioli iifti (Wllirod lit LowiiHt Miu'lcot Rutim for GiibIi.
SOLE AOEN'IS FOR
Scarnmel Packing Co., E. J, liovttn' Seeds, I.ynde & lloujh, 2. K. Meyers, Agent, San rrancisco.
TJM HAJIDEN HANI) OllEXAJilS FJltE EXTINGVISIUUIS
ISC Ooods delivered to any part of the city free of charge. Island Orders solicited and sall(rnclioi
No. 73 Hotel Strcat,'
POST OFl'ICE IIOX No. 415.
QT. MATTHEWS HALL, SAN
rifuM1 !ni,,, hu,"y ""'K i( $M Malc1i u" ,1"' Suuln"' 1'aci'ic U, R at milts fiom fin Francisco,
I0Urtft" lmacla" "f wP'tluti and nbllirv. '1 ,c Jn.l!dlni. Tc 'Su.ill""' "",
.tema"Jat" '""'' wa ' """"" fo' "'? """" "u " nfort of tn cauets. 'Iru.lty Session
or luruicr niermauon and catalogue, uit out,
IMBUMIUI IM " " BlimMlMW
Honolulu, Oaliu, I,' I,
1 .; .1W Tr -,.
KKV, AM'KKD LEE I1REWER, M. A.,