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iMi' DAILY HONOLULTjTpRtfSS, nn' FRIDAY DECEMBER 18, 1885.
DAILY HONOLULU PRESS
At the Office, Nu. 29 Merchant St.
TKU.UH Oh' HVHWIttPTlOSr,
Pit annum $400
Thrt months . , ,,., ,, ,,50
Per month ... ...r. . suets
1ST Siibucrlpllnnn I'aiittilr nlirnitu In Attune.
Brlti1 communications, from all pirn of the Kingdom
will always U very acceptable.
Matter Intended for publlrallon In the editorial
olumni should be addrened to ,
IKuitor Daily Honolulu Prkm.
Business communications anil aimnuementi thould
addried limply "liusiness Manaqer,"
SDaih Honolulu Pmt,
Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands.
Advertisements, to ensure prompt Insertion, should
he handed In before 6 r. M.
AM persons having garbage, tic, for removal by ll e
City Scavenger, art requeued to have the same in
eadincM before 8 q'clock A, M. After that hour the
carttnen are otherwise emph)cd, and will not call
until the following mornlnf, thus leaking the uif
ilghil) bom or barreli In front of your premises all
day. J. N. KAIA1KAWAHA,
87. vu Contractor for Cleanlnp Street!
FRIDAY DEC. 18, 1885
' It is not often that the Daily Honolulu
Pkess " blows its own trumpet,"
but we feel a pardonable pride in calling
attention to the " Grand Offer "
made by us, in another column of this
issue. This U an enterprise which, we
believe, is the first of its kind that has
ever been attempted in this Kingdom,
and, we trust, will receive the patronage
it deserves as it is a
arrangement by which the public can
get a six" months' subscription to oiir
paper, and a valuable Holiday Gift, at
chib rates, which are much less than the
regular prices when not combined.
This offer is open only until January 1,
fcg..; 11 .ii. -
Thatdcceptive and illogical thirty
which we name history is the chronicling
of political and social antagonisms'.
A year and a day after history is made,
as the Spaniards say, it begins to fadf,
until the details have all dropped 01 1
and nothing is left save a few slrangi;
incongruities. A few more years ami
the facts of history are denied and re
established, and re-established and do
nied, until time converts life-blood into
my ths, and re-converts myths into facts-for
many people at least. Fictions of law
grow out of inconsistencies, and expedi
encies; historical fictions have generally
the folly of a king and the groans of an
oppressed people for a foundation.
Historical mths and fictions have almost
always been sown in blood.
'I am proud I am an Englishman,"
once said a gentleman visiting 1'arN
during the reign of Henry the Eight! .
"Then you certainly have not read
English history," mi ed an urban
Frenchman, The incident is an a t
one, and has a general application t
almost all nations which have fougl t
over the road to good Government.
The right and interests of the people-are
properly considered only when the
t?h.story pf kings, as individuals, become
merged in the history of the people as
a nation. In shaping the des
tiny of a nation, or in build
inn history, which is an equivalen1
expression for the development ol
kingcraft, the folly of a moment oftui
plunges the children of the nation into
unseen future miseries and blood)
wars.1 A king and his ministers can
do the common people of a natfor
more harm in an hour than those
master passions of humanity poli
tics and religion can work out through
a century of antagonism.
A kingdom is at best a treacherous
sort of Government for the people; it is
the ideal Government of an indolent
caste, That monarchies are becoming
unpopular, the history of the
ninteenth century testifies. That the
people of the world are now relying
upon the justice of holding the immediate
hpads of Governments responsible
for the results of administration, their
acts fairly establish the world over.
Tho Solioonor " EllbruiU Cnstlo "
Wrooltod Tho Captain rind Grow
A telegram was received here November
27th from Captain Hampton, of
the Maranoa (s.), at Cooktown, stating
that the steamer Kildaie had arrived
there, bringing on a survivor from the
schooner Elibank Castle which was
wrecked on the Solomon Islands, The
survivor brings intelligence that Cap
tain Routch and the whole of
the crew, except himself, were
massacred immediately after the
vessel was wrecked. The Elibank
Castle Mi Brisbane a few months since
on n copra trading expedition, in charge
of Captain Routch. On a previol s
cruise two of her crew were massacred,
she being then owned by Routch, but
not sailed by him. On the last fttip he
determined to take personal charge, in
order to work up a friendly business
with the natives. He was between 50
and 60 years of ace, and has a wife
and family residing in Edinburgh.
The following is the statement of
David Brown, the sole survivor from
the schooner Elibank Castle, who
arrived at Cooklovn yesterday on the
steamer Kildaie: 'l'c Elibank Castle,
Captain Howit, left Brisbane in October
last year for the Solomon Islands.
She first touched at Teste Island, and
then went to Bentley Island. Here
Captain Howit bought a piece of land
from the head man of the island, and
built a wooden shed on it to store copra
and other coods. Two of the crew
were left in the shed, and the vessel
proceeded to Goodwin Island, took in
some copra and then sailed on to the
Solomon Group, taking four native
boat boys. Whilst there trading with
the natives,-. the captain went ashore,
with one European seaman and three
natives, and aftout 7 o'clock he return
ed with a boat load of copra, accompanied
by some natives, who took the
articles given in exchange. Captain
Howit, with the same crew, wentashoie
again to trade, and when the boat
reached the beach they were attacked
by the natives, and all were murdered.
Then the natives began firing at the
vessel with rifles. Those on board then
slipped the chain, and made'sail for
The vessel left again for the Solomon
Islands, under the command of Captain
Routch, the owner. He touched
again at Teste and Bentley Islands,
where he heard that one of the men
left there on the previous" voyage, had
been murdered, and that the other made
his way to Queensland. The vessel went
to the Solomon Islands and anchored.
Fifteen or twenty nativescameon board,
carrying tomahawks and spears, and the
Captainwas showing them "trade" when
they suddenly attacked the crew. David
Brown was in the forecastle when he
heard the cries. He took a levolver,
and was coinc on deck, when one of
the natives struck, him with a tomahawk
.tnd drove him below. Another seaman,
named Hugh Gildie, came down
also, having one side of his face split
open with a tomahawk. They both remained
below until evening, while the
natives were stripping the vessel of all
the cargo. Then, hearing no noise,
they went through the bulkhead into
the hold and up the main hatch, just
as it was getting dark. They saw a
light in the cabin, and on going aft they
met a native coming out. Brown fired
at him, but the revolver missed, and
the native grappled with him, when the
revolver went off in the struggle, and
the bullet went,through Brown's hand,
He called on Gildie to fire, whereupon
the latter shot the native in the
head, and he fell down the cabin ladder.
The sailors then closed the companion
and fired through the cabin windows at
the other two natives inside, and killed
them both. It then got dark, and they
slipped the cable and made sail.
. In the morning, the dead bodies of
the captain, mate, cook, one seaman,
and a native boy were all found lying
on the deck terribly gashed, and were
buried at sea. The vessel drifted about)
for a week. They then sighted what
Brown supposed to be New Guinea,
and stranded on the reef. The vessel
got off, but leaked so badly, that the
men put all the provisions, water, and
the ship's papers into a boat. On the
south-west side of New Guinea they got
into a gale, and the sail, gibing suddenly,
knocked Gildie overboard,
Brown being unable to help him, owing
t6 the heavj sea. Brown then sailed
and drifted about for 48 days, when he
reached Key Island, and was picked
up by a Danish brig on September
25th. He had exhausted all the pro
visions in the boat. The captain took
him to Kaydula, and he was thence
taken to Sourabaya by a Dutch steamer,
where he reported himself to the
British Consul, who forwarded him to
Singapore. The crew of the Elibank
Castle consisted of the captain, mate,
cook, and three seamcp and a native
boy, all of whom perished except
Brown. -Sydney Ileiald.
Till! 3101)i:ilN IAJIV1,0.,
Its llttjihl (I roil 111 11 ml .Hlinn nf Ureal
home J'arta of the (limit Alitiop.Hn
Alll't, Othriit l)iliifi.
In the year 1801, when the whole
population of what is now London was
but 958,863, there was no steam transportation
either bv water or by land.
In 1841, twenty years after steam
navigation had become common, and
ten years after railroads were successfully
running in England, London had
about 2,000,0000 inhabitants, and in
1 87 1 there were more than 3.500.000.
The actual increase from 1871 to 1881 '
V . " 1 iti&JfeAiiift 'JCuAtfc'.
was 562,000 equivalent to the whole
population of Boston, Cambridge and
Chelsea and yet all added within ten
years. The two most populous" districts
of London arc now Kensington
and Islington, which together contain
about 550,000 persons; while the old
"city" of London, including 668
acres, or a little more than one square
mile, now contains but 51,439 Inhabitants,
against 128,833 eighty-years ago,
Less than half us many people now
live in this little haunt of enormous
trade and banking as were living there
in 1801. Another ancient district
Westminster which includes 231
acres, has the same population ttiat it
had in 1801 -46,000. This is at the
rate of 140,000 to the square mile
which is packing the human sardines
rather close ; but some parts of this
sardine-box have formerly held about
290,000 to the square mile. We depend
upon an English statistician, Mr.
Price-Williams, for this information,
nnd he says further of this little spot :
" The pqpulation of the
of Berwick street and St. Anne's, Soho,
is the densest in the metropolis, and in
the case of Berwick street appears to
have attained its maximum, of 450
people per acre in 185 1, the highest
number ever yet attained in any sub-district
in the metropolis during the
"present century. In 1871 the density
of the population had increased to 427
people per acre. From 1851 down to
the last census (1881) there has been
a constant decrease in the population
of Berwick street sub-district and the
number of houses per acre ; the number
of people in each house has largely
increased until it is n6w the largest
number in any distnct in London, viz
14-25 persons per house, or nearly
twice tne average or the metropolis in
1881. The number of houses has de
creased from 33.42 per acre in 1831 to
30.08 in 1071: but the district still
possesses the largest number of houses
tier acre in the metropolis. The sub-
cnsirict 01 at. Alines, bono, comes
next to Berwick street for density of
population, in the St. Giles sub-district
the greatest density viz : 303
people per acre was reached in 1841,
but since then it has rapidly decreased
to 233 in 1881."
n population 01 300 per acre is
192,000 to the square mile, and, al
though this was possible upon small
areas in the last century, it can only
be made possible aver several square
miles by the use of railroads. Mr.
Williams thinks that the point f
greatest density has been reached in
many parts of London, and that it
cannot keep growing at the present
rate much longer, though it will continue
to grow. He says :
" The rapid growth of London since
1841 has been very remarkable. The
principal lines of railway which have
their termini in London had at that
time only recently been completed and
in operation ; the effect, however, ol
the opening up of a new and rapid
means of communication between the
metropolis and the great manufacturing
districts was clearly perceptible in the
very large increase in the population
which occurred during the next ten
years (1841-1851), the largest increase
ever yet attained considered as a per
centage. It might be safely asserted
that without the agency of steam-power
the London 01 to day would be an impossibility,
and further that if, owing to
sudden invasion or any unforseen calamity,
the facilities now afforded by
steam-power for supplying the daily
wants of over 4,000,000 inhabitants
were destroyed, London would be re
duced to the verge of starvation in a
single week. Previous to the introduc
tion of railway and steam navigation,
the food supplies of London were
mainly derived from the rural districts
in its vicinity ; now, however, by means
of steam, all this has been chanced,
and'its supplies are drawn from all parts
ot the world. It, therefore, according
to Malthus, the only limit to the in
crease of population is the sufficiency
of food supply, London, with its enor
mous wealth ana industrial resources,
must long continue to have command
of the great food markets of the world.
So long as it has this there would ap
pear to be practically no limit to the
increase of its population."
1 hat is to say, the area of London
will continue to grow bv annexations,
and those parts which are not so
densely peopled will continue to fill np.
In the district of Bromley, for example,
which has increased in population
nearly forty to the acre, or 215,000 to
the square mile since 187 1, there may
ne a lurther increase; and other districts
may emulate Bromley. But in
other places the same diminution of
population may occur as in the 'city"
or formdr business center of London.
Indeed, great cities seem to be like
coral reefs alive in one part, dying
in another even when they are gaining
fast as a whole, like London.
GENERAL 1IUSINESS AGENT.
42 MERCHANT ST., HONOLULU.
In conjunction vith Mr, J. A, Magoon,
Mill attend to nil matters of business for
the residents ol the Hawaiian Islands who
may need an Agent.
I do not confine mjself alone to the Business
Houses, but also to the domestic diss
who would wish me to attend to any matter of
liusiness, especially to making purchases either
in Honolulu or Sao Francisco, in any line of
To the liusiness Houses I will give my
careful attention in all matters pertaining to
General liusiness, viz ; Adjusting and Col
lecting Accounts, Distribution of Dills and
Circuhirs, Custom House Entries, tl
nnd Renting Real Estate nnd Personal
iT All Legal Documents will be carefully
flnil ninllv ilrmvn tin liv Mr. T. A. fnonnn.
I will attend to nil matters entrusted in mv
care In a careful, courteous nnd neat manner,
and with quick dispatch
Agent for Kllnkncr & Co, Red Rubber
Telephone : P, O, llox 1 13
!M A '
ORDER OF' SALES';
Friday, December Wi,
At 7 P. ROODS. ,
Wednesday, December 23d,
At 7 P. GOODS.
LYONS & COHEN,
Just received a consignment of
(Dressed anil undressed),
A splendid lot of
Also a few cases of , '.
Extra Manila Cigars?
And4 small lint of Ladies, Misses ,
Men's and Youths'
Boot?, Gaiters & Shoes.
All of which will be sold to the trade nt
reasonable prices. '
j.roAV) .t coitus,
Ailftlolirzl' it Cmilinlmlon 31ri rhuiiti
DID VQU SAY?
No Christmas Dinner is comulctc without
the celebrated' LLITE ICL CREAM, made
Irom pure Wooillawn Dairy Cream. Go and
surprise your folks ; order a bucket of our
delicious Ice Cream. We pack orders for
Ice Cream (from one to fifty quirts) in Patent
Refrigerator Cans, warranted to keep its delightful
flavor and perfect form for many
Ily last steamer we have recehed a Splendid
Choice French Candies,
In great variety. Also, an elegant assortment
of Fancy Candy and Don-Don Doxcs
just the thing for a Christmas present.
Our Macaroons, Lady Fingers, French
Kisses, Jelly Cakes, Coco Dalis, and many
other Fancy Cakes, are the faorile with all
the ladies of Honolulu.
aarRing up Dell Telephone No. 1S2,
Mutual No. 338.
tar The Elite Ice Cream Parlors, 85 Hottl
street, are open dady until 11 v. m. 21 iy
TWTRS. THOMAS LACK;
No. 70 Fort Stroot, '
IMKJKTKK AND UEALEK IN
I'n , Attuclimenti, Oil ami Acemtorlei,
ACENl rOK TIIK
WiiITK undine I.igiit.Uunninq NhwIIome Machiru.
Howard's Machine Needlei, all kinds
Cortlceir Silk, in all colon and li :
Harbour's Linen Thread,
Clark'. O. N. T. Machine Cotton.
Mme, Dtmorest't Reliable Cut Paper Pattern t
Dealer Iii Rifles
Guns at A Spohtino Goons
S11 n, I'owueb, Caps,
and Metai Lie
KXHOSIMK SrOI'UH, hi all .
Sewlnp.Machine, Lock and promptly
attended to. ssvai6
Conveniently and NEATLY FURNISHED
ROOMS, Single or Double, can be had at
NO. I KUKUI STREET (near Fort).
From and after (hit da(e Mr. C. Ki MlLI Ei
will attend to my subscription bool; agency.
Furnished Cottage Wanted.
IIV A DESIRAHLE TENANT.
Address Postofficellox No. i. statins lo
cation, description of house and lowest rent.
Pr- Emerson" has removed his residence and
P0,"'" '?. ,Q.6 ''"'t strtct, lately occupied by
Capt. Hayley. Office hours from 8 to 10 A,
M.. I to 3 p. m 6130 to 8 p, m, Telephone
No. 140, both Mutual and Bell Telephoues
-'IS 3KTOW 03PENT.
With an excellent assortment of
New and Seasonable Goods 1
In keeping with-the usual extra
quality of novelties and deiirable
Books, Toys, Fancy uoods,
For which thil cMablUhment it noted.
Special Holiday Editions of Poets,'
In fine bipdinfp, 1'eriian and Turkey
Morrotco, Alligator and Seal Skin,
Tree Calf, Plush and Cloth.
Prang's Prize Cards (plain and fringed),
Xmas Aloha (frinncd) Hookmarks,
Fine Plush Goo Is, Celuloid Sets
EBONY FRAMES &GABINBTS,
Steam and Electric Tojs,
New To) s and Games,
PACIFIC COAST DIARIES FOR 1886
' (Pocket and Office sizes,)
Dreka's Dictionary HloUers, Papeterics,
Juvenile Rooks (a fine assortment),
Etc., Etc, Etc.
Together with a full and complete ..
line of Stationery and Blank Hooks.
All orders faithfully attended to. Prices as
reasonable as good Goods ttill warrant, an 1
cheapest in the long run.
T1I0S. (1. THRUM,
104 Fort Strcol.
MILLER &. HALBE'S
Ice Oreavm I?iloi
Lincoln's-Block, King Street,
A yiuo Assortment of
CANDIES AND CAKES,
ALWAYS ON HAND.
"WENKER & CO.,
iW. 92 Fort Street
Ilavcjuit received per "Mariposa" the inut ele.
gam assortment ol
FINE J EWELR.Y,
SOI.II) AND I'LATKU SILVER VVAKh
Ever brought to this marie'.
ClocliH, Watches, BraeelotB,
lets, lMus, Lockets, Gold dining
mid GuimlH, Sleeve Buttons
Studs, Etc., Etc.
And ornaments of all kinds,
Elogunt Solid Sllvor Tea Sots,
nd all Vlnds of -diver ware suitable Tor pint illation.
These good) are nil of the finest quality anil Ittot
dctigns and coiopilx; a compKte stock of all articles III
this branch of business which will be sold at close
KUKUI AND SHELL JEWELRY
Made lo Older.
The repairing branch of our business we regard as an
Important one, and all jobs entrusted to us will
be executed In a manner second to none.
Of every description done to order. Particular altrn
lion is paid 10 ordeuand Job work from the
We can safely guarantee a saving of
eta Call and sec vyljat we offer.
That the undersigned has this day received an additional
supply of elegant
Men's & Boy's Custom Made Clothing.
Shrunk. Well and carefully made, easy fitting, stylish
cut and most important,'
"VZEIR, LOW IICT PBIOIL
Every garment warranted as re; resented.
Also, just opening this day, the finest, neatest, most
stylish, nobby, well made, flexible
STRA 'W H A. T 9
i Ever imported here or anywhere else.
Large Assortment of Holiday Goods !
WEST, DOW & CO.,
Have on hand, in addition to their usual large stock, a select assortment of
Eaixcy GoodLs and Toy,
Too numerous to mention. , ,
Furniture and Picture Mouldings,
AKo, Just received per steamer Alameda, an elegant stock of
F U R N I T U.'RL'E :
Consisting in pirt of
Light and Dark Cedar and Aih lied room Sets,
Three Quarter and Full Site Ash lledsteads, N
Dining toom, Collage, Nurse apd Children's Chaiiffand Rockers, ansqitcd.
A Fine Assortment of Holiday Goods to arrive iiy iibxt Steame
13. F. DILLINGHAM,
President & Manager,
Pacific Hardware Company
No. 7t and 76 JPovt Street. .
Successors to Dillingham & Co., and Samuel, Nott.'
HOLIDAY GOODS I
JUST RECEIVED EX S. S. "ALAMEpA" AND , "ST. PAUL."
21&TEST DESIGNS IIT
il-vex Elated, "vstre,
Oii.a,rxd.eliexs sin.d. I,sirrxpQ,
"Water filters arxd. Oooier s,
IMPORTERS AND DEALERS IN
Groceries, Provisions and Feed.'
ISuhI Covnor Fort und TClltK Stveota.
New coods received liv every uacket from the Eastern States and Europe.' FresK'Call
forula Produce by ecry steamer. AH orders faithfully atteudtd to, and Coods delivered t
any pait of the city rec of charge, Island orders sollilted, .Satisfaction guaranteed, Post-office
Box No, 145 1 Telephone No. 92, sir-iy
djiSSiU J-A-I,.l' ..
. l 11 v im r! 1 thI i
it" Tj lWilV?,lllJlOllJ.Kl ,.
II '!' 1 I I l)lv 'nJ 1 J
as per cent to purchasers of clothing
J. FISH EL,
tf ", '
JAS. G. SPENCER,
Secretary & Treasurer.