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ropy (or thli Ptptrtmtnt mutt rtitch Uie edi
tor on Bturdr preceding dt of lue,
Owsley County in situated In the
Southeastern part of Kentucky,
among the foothills of tho Cumber
The south fork of the Kentucky
River flows through the center of tho
county, giving an opportunity for the
transportation of timber, mineral and
agricultural products, to other mar
kets in other parts of the county.
Fanning, mining and logging are the
chief occupations of tho people.
Tobacco and stock-raising are car
ried on to some oitent with good
success, vegetables of many different
sort are raised extensively in all
parts of tho county and stored away in
cellar for winter use, there being no
ready market for them, oxcept a few
which are freighted to neighboring
towns, and generally traded for gro
ceries or dry goods.
There has been in the schools of
Owsley a slow but substantial improv
ment for eovoral years as is proven by
the interest manifested by all classes
of people. This is true in a marked
degree of Owsley's teachers, who are
as a body, wide awake, intelligent men
and women, who utilize every oppor
tunity to better fit themsolves for
The people of this and Jaokson
County have shown their appreciation
of two of these teachers by electing
them as County Superintendents.
The results of tho examination held ,
.1 11 III- f.. lO oiwl Oft lir 1
ai nouutmuo, ij.oj ,
been announced and the applicants
are luumug iui dwiuwwi
The weather is
very pleasant for
- - l I
Corn crops that seemed to be so far
. 1 i I
behind are coming up to time
Wheat crops are not so good as they
were last harvest.
While Mrs. Rebecca J. McPherson
was here visiting her sister, her horso
Mr. Mark Garrotte, who brought a
pretty little woman into his home last
week, surprised not only his home
folks, but a majority of the girls who
were looking forward to the day waea
1 lire hi Uua tattle be oa
where they bare bees fulfilling thai
commandment, "get wiadosa, get
understanding," and then you may go
to church and home with the preacher.
Quite a number of people here are
planning to go to the commencement
at Berea College the 21st. May they
have a joyful visit, as it is the first
day of college life for quite a number
There are a few cases of malaria
in this section of the country.
Whnnt. prons are verr Rood this
year and are ready for harvest.
The weather is very favorable for
farming; with plenty of ram and aun
Owsly is coming to the front with
good roads as there has been one sur
veyed up Doe Creek, which will be
completed this fall.
Rev. Mr. Ramey conducted the ser
vices at the White Oak schoolhouse
Sunday. There was a good turnout
of people from different localities and
all seemed to have enjoyed the ser
Mr. T.J. Flanery started for Berea,
the 19th inst. and, after attending the
Commencement "exercises on the 21,
ha will return with his two sons and
daughter who havo attonded school
there the past year.
Ftp Tfnliinsnn started last week for
Madison County to visit his friends
and relatives who are scattered along
the border of the "Blue Grass."
A number of our peoplo are prepar
ing for a pleasant trip to Berea to at
tend the Commencement of Berea
PnlWn. which promises to be an
wv o - , .
evenl of great interest.
Mr. Isaac II. Bowman and son have
hiun for sometime iu the lower end
of the county engaged in hauling
lumber over Big Hill to the Ken
Vio.T Central Railroad.
TVir rv Rorain" is the motto of
four boys who are going for the sec
mid lime to the examination at Mc
KVw. others have ioined them and
there is o-iito a long list.
Mr. Bl. J. Anderson, a hustling
sowing machine agent has lately been
among us, visiting relatives, una talk
inif machines. Ho is a brother of
Rev. Wm. Anderson, the assessor.
Sunday-school has been progress
ing nicely here.
Elijah Lewis and Miss Liaenboe
wore married recently.
Crons are promising but farmers
are behind with their work on account
of tho frequent rains.
Wm. Means, one of our merchants.
has moved his stand down toward the
mouth of Otter Creek.
The troublo at Manchester does
not affect this part of the county, ex
cept in the way of causing- excited
Ed Frederick was at Manchester
serving on the grand jury. lie re
ports that most of the important work
of the grand jury was completed be
fore the court was Adjourned on ac
count of unexpected trouble.
Wm. Swafford. our postmaster, is
still selling goods at the old stand.
He has a thousand-shot air-nne, and
must bo intending to compete with
John Roark, son of Timothy Roark,
fell out of a mulberry tree last Mon
day and broke an arm. He fell
about twenty feet and was so badly
hurt that he may die.
Mrs. Ella Burton of Crane Creek
has been very sick all last winter and
spring but is a littlo better now I
Mr. Frank -Spurlock and Miss So-'
phia Mc Collum are to bo married!
The Clay County FeUa.
The letters from London and
Frankfort about the Clav Co. Feud.
which are printed on the third page
M u aw MW s f O
of this paper, need some correction
. t 11.
and explanation, and we add here a
brief account of this sad affair
It was hoped that the Howard-Bak
er feud in Clay County was ended but
the recent term of circuit court at
Manchester reopened it Judge
Eversole petitioned Governor Bradley
for a militia guard, and a hundred
men under Col. Wilson together with
a Gatliag gua were seat to Manches
ter Wedaeaday. June 7. The next
was eoarsaed a
Jim. his bob. who were takes to Maa
cheater for trial, was begun. They
ware charged with waylaying the Ho
ward party on Crane Creek April '98
and killing Burch Storrs and Wilson
Howard and wounding "Bar How
ard. Arguments were presented to the
court on the motion for a change of
venue. Saturday the motion was
granted, whereupon court adjourned.
Tom Baker was out on bail ami left
the court-house with the boy Jim to
no to his tent in the court-house Ard
He reached it and stood just wi
the flaps of the tent talking to
wife when a bullet struck him killt
him instantly. The smoke issuing
from a window of Sheriff "Bev"
White's house across the road showed
that the bullet was fired from there.
Investigation revealed a Winchester
barrel still warm but the man who
had used it had escaped through the
window. No arrests have been made
up to date.
Judtre Eversole has been, called a-
way by the illness of his mother but
his substitute, Judge Cook, has ad
journed court. The case is transfer
red to Barbourville. iiotu sides are
heavily armed in large numbers and
more trouble is feared.
The war In Clay county is a
tragedy greatly to be deplored. No
one can deprecate it more than do
the majority of the people 01 that
county. It is by no means just to
charge it as acrimo upon the peaceful
honest, law-abiding people who hap
pen to live in the region where these
deeds are perpetrated. Let us rather
join hands with them in bringing
about a condition of things which
will make such deeds impossible. Let
the thoughts of our young people be
turned to other subjects than "honor"
revenge, revolvers,end passion. Let
them become interested in education,
industry, music, and religion.
We aim to make the news front sur
rounding counties a special feature of
The Citizen, hoping to fill this page
with County correspondence.
unusual amount of College news this
week bus made it impossible to give
as much space to this department as
we would like to use, but we expect
In the future to devote this page, In
great measure, to neighborhood news
from outside of Berea.
It is evident to all that the newsy
paper is tho paper which will bo read,
ai ik. iirant 41.A liuws f rnn nvflrff
i neighborhood uear here.
Pearsons' New Pledge
Everybody Is Interested In Dr. D
K. Pearsons, tho great friend of edu
cation who is doing so much for tho
young people of this region. He was
lwrn in tho mountains of Vermont in
1H20, and became interested in Chris
tian education through acquaintance
with Mary Lyon
When ho had by great business sa
gacity made his fortune he selocted
few colleges through which he
might help young people to an edu
In t he South ho selected Borea whicn
he visited in '96, and made his first
pledge. "When Berea will raise 1150,
000 for endowment, I will add 150,000.
I make this gift to all humanity, and
especially to the loyal people of theee
This money has now been raised,
and when it brings in interest the Col
lege will have some sure income.
Ho now writes (April '99) that he is
so woll pleated with what Berea is do
ing that he tcill do the same thing
In this way Berea will be made able
to carry out its great plans for help
ing all young people toward an edu
cation. He is not willing to help any except
those who help thomselvea. Again
and again he says, "Every student
must pay something he must show
that he values an education. It does
bo good to furnish a free lunch."
There will soon be a million young
men aud young women who will be
happier and more useful because of
what Dr. Pearsons has done.
Dr. Pearsons always select for
himself the colleges which he will
help, and it is usoless for others to ap-1
ply. Whea the news of what he had8 thoroughly before cutting.
dose for Berea aJ
ksred an amy
Jackson County Helps.
Congratulations are good, but such
letters as this are better. Mr. Truett
of Maulden, now in the regular army
in Cuba, will be remembered by his
many Jackson County friends'. We
copy from a letter which President
Frost received from him last week:
Battirt "I," 2nd Artillebt,
Havana, Cuba, June 11, 1699.
Mr. Wm. G. Frost, Berea, Ky.
Having heard of your wonderful
success in securing the one hundred
and fifty thousand dollars in accord
ance with tho pledge of Mr. Poarsons
of Chicago, and hearingof his making
another pled go of fifty thousand on
the same terms, I will say that I will
promise to pay to Berea the sum of
one hundred dollars (5100) on the
same terms as the first pledge.
P'v't Robert F. Troett.
Folks used To tell mo scarey tales
'Bout seein' ghosts at night,
Things that would utter awful wails
An' go d reused up in white.
'N' when the creepin' ovenin' shade
Wuz deepened into black,
I've listened 'till those stories made
Cold chills run up my back.
Once, when I'd been a doin' wrong
'N' sinnin with my might,
As I wuz whistlin' right along
The road for home at night,
I had to pass a holler
That was haunted, so folks said,
'N somothin' seemed to toiler
Everywhere that I would tread,
I aaw a thing before me
A lookin s'.Ango 'n' white ;
An awful fear crop' o'er mo
'N' I most died outright 1
I wuz so weak V so afraid,
I could but wildly stare,
'Till my imagination made
A mighty demon there I
It glared so fiercely o'er mo I
It looked I know not how
Then calmly out before me
Walked a neighbor's old, whjte cow.
Whenfolksdo wrong ol' Nick jis' peeps
'Round rooks, 'n' trees 'n' posts ;
A guilt conscience alius keeps
A feller seein' ghosts.
Marion Habolu Friderick,
Edited Ij Mm. Kath K. rt-TNAM, Tftthtr In
The Sploo of Life.
An old army song begins
"Beans for breakfast
Beans for dinner
Beans for supper
Beans, beans, boans."
After such a diet three times a day
and throe hundred and sixty five days
in tho yoar, the appetite fails
ariety in cooking renders palatable
the most common food. Did you ever
stop to think that there are over twen
ty difforent ways In which potatoes
may be prepared and be appetizing?
Eggs are eggs so long as they are
boiled and fried, but a perfect omolet
may be called an egg-dream.
Dreams however are good and bad.
The secret of a perfect omelet Is to
never use more than six for each ome
let. Separate the egg and boat brisk
ly with a fork or wire spoon, never
with an egg beater. Tho yolks should
be beaten until foamy. Then add ono
tableepoonful of milk for each egg.
Beat tho whites until they will stand
alone. Fold the whites into tho yel
low adding salt to taste, pour into a
skillet in which a tablespoon of butter
is melted but not brown. Cook until
the bottom is browned, which can be
ascertained by lifting the edge with a
cake-turner. Turn one half of tho
omelet over tho other half. Serve up
on a hot platter at once.
1. Melted butter will not make
2. A pinch of salt added to the
whites of eggs will expedite the Invit
ing. 3. Nutmegs should bo grated at
the blossom eud first.
4. The juice of an onion can be ex
tracted by cutting the onion across
the grain and grating it. This gives
a much more delicate flavor to soups
and salads thaa the chopped onion.
6. The disagreeable ndor of boil
ing cabbage or onione can be avoid
ed by boiling a smr.Ii quantity of vin
egar in a cup
6V Cutting warm bread or cake
m&kes it bad. If it must be cut, heat
, 7. A Bpoonful of vinegar added to
ater in which tough meat or fowls
9. Good management is better
than a large Income.
Here are a few health rules. They
are credited to a celebrated French
physician who says that by observing
them a person may be perfectly
strong, healthy, and beautiful, and
will live to a great age. This may be
an exaggeration, but they will not
harm anyone who follows them.
"Don't drink tea or coffee.
"Drink pure water.
"Eat plenty of fruit."
Over 20 teachers, 70O students (from 20 states). 10,000 boeka In the Library.
For those MOT sufficiently advuueed to get a teacher's certificate:
I. Trade Schools : Carpentry, Housework, Printing two years.
II. Model Schools, preparing for Normal aud the advanced courses.
For those siiiilclently advanced to got a teacher's certificate :
HI. Farming and Agriculture two years.
IV. Doraestio Science Sewing, Cooking, etc. two years.
V. Normal Course for teachors throe years, with practice teaching.
VI. Academy Course four years, fitting for College, for businem aud for life.
For those more advanced :
:'' VII. Collego Courses Classical, Philosophical, and Literary. . ..
r Adjunct Departments : ,
VIII. Music Rood Organ, Choral (free), Vocal, Piano, Theory.
IX. Btrea General Hospital Two yeare' course lu tho care of the'tfick.'
Berea places the best education in reach of all. It is not ri money-making Institution. Its instruction is a
free gift. It aims to help those who valuo education and will help themselves, and charges a small incidental foe
to meet expenses of the school apart from instruction. Students must also pay for their Board. Expenses (or torn.
(12 weeks) may bo brought within $21, about half of which must be paid in advance.
Tho school is endorsed by Baptists, Congregationalitts, Disciples, Methodists, Presbyterians, and good puople i f
,all denominations. There are ho suloous In Heron. For informationor frltnaly advice address the Via-
President, GEO. T. FAIU01IILD, LL. I IJoreu, Ky.
FALL TERM OPENS SEP. I3.-WINTER TERM DEC. 13, 1889
Killlfd tr Mm. Kim II Yoovx, Prtn ot the
Nornul Dfptrtm.nl, Ifert Cotlrire,
When peoplo go into partnership
it is Important that eaoh should know
his own work and understand his own
It is now near the time when all
over our hills and valleys work Is to
begin in tho school-houses. Parents
and teachers'are partners in this busi
ness aiming to make good mon and
women by a process called education.
Now if this work is to succeed, par
ents must do some definite things.
First. Soo that the schools begin
earlier in the season. Beginning late
in Juno or oarly In July gives a chance
to have five months of school before
the woather gets so bad and the wa
ters so high that more than half of the
children are forced to stay at home.
Second. See that your children are
there on time the first day and overy
day of the term. Let nothing but se
rious siokness keep them out of school
while their class mates go on learning
things that they must do without un
less the toacher takes extra timo to
The teachers are seeing more clear-
ly every year that they must have
special training for their great work.
matthoy must rean new boons and gr.de. Alout tho only difference will
papers and all tho while think about w ju tie of a gjrof tfood buij
the beet ways to teach your children. at,d fintt rato breeding. "The male is
Of course the teacher's first duty half tho herd", is an old and well prov
when school open Is to put each pu-' Raying among stock breeders, and
pil into the classes where he can get w1(tn eXpsndl little it means about
; the most good. The Stale Course of ,
study for ungraded schools will be a 0f nmH j,, anT neighborhood, the pur
great help aa a guide. But one must ( ciaso of a good bull of any standard
knoweach child aud what he can do, )rWKj Iuwin, s crop f half blood
aud that is not always seen at once. C,TM for thi- added expense. Now
It sometimes happens that tho book , wit tjU a tMUr comet in who is buy
in which a pupil hat been reading isg up bunch of steers to drive
so hard that he cannot possibly un-, d0wn into the Blue Grass to feed, and
derstand the words and so cannot
possibly learn as he would if the book
were suited to him. If the teacher
sees some better thing to do than to
use that particular book for a while,
be sure that he is doing it for the real
good of the child and not because he
wants to "put him back." A good
teacher is just as anxious to have the
children get on in their work aa any
parent can be.
It is true that teachers do not know
everything, but they can do more with
what they do know if parents encour
age them to use their best judgment.
' If teachers get acquainted with pa
rents and they all consult and help
each other, the work la each district
will go on in a way very different from
what we see when everybody finds
fault with everybody else
Wn .retail .iWnr Ilia ..mo.
thingand you will rejoice together inj
your work as you see your boys grow-
ing wiser and more manly, your girls 1
morn earnest and womanly. j
Let your school begin early, watch
.. . .. ,.
it, visit it, encourago it, and suocets
tO yOU all. I
ACROSS OUR CAMPUS-BEREA HAS 14
EdiUd hj 8, O. Mi, ITorYMir of llorllcul
lurt, II- ft Collfxe,
Better Stock. "
How much more is a good animal
worth than a poor ono t
Well, of course that depends.
There are man? kinds of animals
raised on the fane, and a colt Is worth
more than a calf and a calf more than
a pig or a Iamb. Dut is not a first
class colt or calf worth much more
than a scrub, worth more to keep and
worth more to soli f There Is but one
answer to that question and no ono
will try to argue for the other side.
Moat mon, whon they have a choice
between a good article and a poor one
at the aamo prico will take tho beat ;
but if the price Is just a little higher
for the bettor article, though It may be
worth ever so much more, how many
men do we find who will pty the dif
ferenco and take the beat T Too many
will take that which sotms the cheap
est at the time, though In the loaf
run it Is sure to prove the dearest.
Now how does this apply to the
farmer who has a calf to raise t The
milk that the calf will take, the grass
ho eats, tho fodder and corn it Uk .
1 to wjnter Mm will be about the um.
for tho poor, scrub calf aa for the high
,,., . starting with the common stock
see how much better a price ha will
pay for those half-breed steers than
for tho scrubs ho finds in tho
next valloy. More thin that, if the
good beginning Is followed up, the
half-blood heifers of that crop will
soon take the places of the old cows
and then a generation of three-quarter
bred calves is the reault, and now you
havo something worth looking at.
The farmer with that grade of stock
for salo never has to hunt the market.
The buyers have such stock looked up
apu uargaineu tor oeiore 11 la ready
move, wntie me owner 01 the poor
stock is hunting a buyer to take his
anlmftln lit hU own nrb i
it urn 1 1 a iruo 01 bvtbou eaiuo is irae
of horses. I know of a county la a
western state where a few years ago
the horses were nearly all small in ause
and often of poor quality. A few
wide awake mon saw that there must
I bo a irrcat demand for heavy draft
DOttM lOr lOO CIIV Dlftrk6l4 SOU tMfflQ
t,at handsome young draft horses
were-being raited in that county,
buyers flocked In and took them out
b7 cr;J?d, "d thousands of dollars
of wealth were added to the farmers
lOmetnJnl nert ml.
luinlno Irt I
nn, ff Uj
lure. Vic. ,