Newspaper Page Text
April 18, 1912.
A family newspaper (or all that la right
true and Interettlng.
rubllihed every Thursday at Derm, Ky.
BEREA PUBLISHING CO.
i. P. Faulkner, Editor and Manager.
PAYABLE IN ADVANCE.
Hlx Month ....
Thro Month! .
Bond money by PoM-ofnco or tMpren
Money Order, Draft. Hrwlstercd Itter, or
ow ana two cent ntanips.
The flute niter your name on label
bows to what WUo your sutncrlirtlon la
paid. If It ti not cfruiRrd wtthtn Uirre
weeks artrr renewal notify us.
MlsMnir numbers will bo gladly supplied
K wo oxo notified.
Fine premiums cheap, with new sub
KiipUona and prompt renewal. Bend for
Liberal terms given to any one who ob
tain new subscriptions for us. Any one
endtne us four ycarlr snt.crlrthun can
receive The Cltlren frco for himself for
Advertising- rates on application.
KENTUCKY MIESS ASSOCIATION.
Suggestion to baseball scribes:
Why not predict a pennant winning
Getting a kiss printed on a card Is
about as satisfactory as getting one
The only way to live In security
along tho Mexican border Is to live In
a cyclone cellar.
New York Is to have a new 30
utory building, but wjll still be far
nway from heaven.
Uneasy lies tho head that Is trying
to figure somo way to pay for friend
wife's Easter hat.
Printing kisses on cards may be all
right, hut It seems Hko a waste of the
country's natural resources.
A woman fashion dictator tells us
that men ought to wear corsets. Evi
dently trying to reform mero man.
In tho glad springtime no team fin
ishes last In tho fall season It Is
found that some team must do so.
Luther Durbank says that cactus Is
bound to becomo popular as food.
Many a man has become stuck on It
Thin men will be In fashion this
year, according to the tailors, but fat
men with fat bankrolls will be pass
Sixty per cent, of the World's dia
mond output Is absorbed In this coun
try. And this Is truo of other lux
Hookworm victims In the south are
being cured for $1.27 a head, but it
costs more than that to cure tho Ash'
If the weather man keeps up bis
batting streak It will bo safe' to take
off one's heavies In time to celebrate
the Fourth of July.
The deposed emperor of China gets
$2,000,000 a year, thereby rendering it
unnecessary for him to become an ap
prentice In a laundry.
Inhabitants of Mars, we are told
have hugo heads and spindle legs.
Tbey do not differ materially from a
good many earth beings.
A St. Louis scientist found nearly
6,000,000 bacteria In a supposedly
fresh egg. An egg. it seems, is Inno
cent until It is proven guilty.
New York has "a dead line" that
crooks must not cross, and every oth'
or town will soon need one In order
to keep up with tho procession.
Ilutter Is made directly from grass.
says a scientist. Some that wo are
getting these days tastes as though It
were made directly from excelsior.
Horse flesh, according to a French
tavant. Is tho proper diet for tuber
cular patients, but we suspect that
be Is merely Indulging In a little borse
Tho bens and tho baseball players
aro all optimistic at this season of
Wireless messages are now radio
grams. Out they will contlnuo to cost
Just as much.
A New York woman died after a
complexion treatment, but what the
women want to know is whether the
treatment really benefited her com
plexion. That Americans keep their flats too
warm Is the complaint of another vis
iting Orlton, who thus secures the
bearty approbation of the landlords
The ninth husband of an Oregon
woman has filed a cross suit for di
vorce, alleging that his wife already
ought to be convinced now that worn
an is fickle-minded.
A Judge in Philadelphia holds that
a woman has a right to go through
ber husband's pockets. We are led
to suspect that tho Judge Is cither
unmarried or henpecked.
Government's Biggest Business
Concern Now Rim on Mod
PENNY POSTAGE POSSIBLE
Economy and Efficiency In Admlnl
tratlon Under Hitchcock Maka
Cheaper Postage Rates Immi
nent Policies Should Be
No branch of tho public service
cornea closer to the people than the
postofflce department. In this depart
ment tho T&ft administration has ac
complished results which have rcn
dercd this service more efficient than
at any other time In the bjstory of the
In thorough accord with the policy
of economy and efficiency of the Taft
administration. Postmaster General
Frank H. Hitchcock has put an end to
the annual deficit In the postofflce de
partment and made possible the serl
ous consideration of further reforms
and Improvements, not the least lm
portant of which Is the imminent pos
sibility of penny postage. Many oth
er reforms that have the support of
President Taft will be inaugurated
this year. Another term of the Taft
administration would placo this $240,
000,000 business institution complete
ly on a business basis.
At the beginning of tho present ad
ministration tho postal servlco was In
arrears to the extent of $17,479,770.47,
which was decidedly the largest de
ficit on record. Last year the reve
nues exceeded the expenditures by
The wiping out of the deficit has
been accomplished without any cur
tailment of facilities. On tho con
trary, there has been established 3,744
new poatoffices. delivery by carrier
has been provided in 186 additional
cities, and 2.516 new rural routes, ag
gregatlng 60,679 miles, have been au
thorised. Meanwhile (be forco of pos
tal employes has been Increased by
more than 8,000, and last year the
total amount expended for salaries
was approximately $14,000,000 greater
than two years ago. The averago an
nual salary has boon Increased from
$869 to $967 for rural carriers, from
$979 to $1,082 for post office clerks,
from $1,021 to $1,084 for city letter
carriers, and from $1,161, to $1,183 for
railway postal clorks. Thus a marked
extension of tho postal service and
Increased compensation for its em'
ploycs hare gone hand in hand with a
Postal Banks Great Success.
lly persistent effort the present Re
publican administration secured the
passage on Juno 26, 1919, of the act
creating the postal savings system.
wtiicn is now in operation at prac
tlcally all tho 7,600 presidential post
offices. Preparations are being: made
for Its extension to 40,000 fourth-
class postofflcea. It Is confidently
anticipated that the deposits at the
close of the present fiscal year will
aggregate $50,000,000, and that tho in
come of the system will bo sufficient
to pay nil operating expenses.
Under President Taft tho postofflce
department has engaged in an aggres
sive crusado against tho fraudulent
uso of the malls. Last year tho In
spectors Investigated many cases In
volving the salo of worthless stock in
imaginary mining companies and oth
er fictitious concerns. There were al
together 629 Indictments and 184 con
victions with but twelve acquittals.
The other cases are pending. The con
victed swindlers bad defrauded the
peoplo of many millions of dollars. A
great number of similar concerns
have gone out of business owing to
the rleld enforcement of tho law,
ipt rtrrtnmmn ill Ta
AH hhrUhmb IN
Globe-Democrat, March 28, 1912.
Delegates Pledged to Taft. 'i
r The delegates to the Repub
lican national convention pledged
to President Taft on Saturday,
i April 6, 1912, numbered 280, as
ll.,l. i h
JJ Colorado 8
District of Columbia 2 K
s Florida 12 S
fi Georgia 26 g
2 Indiana t 20
8 Iowa 8rf
SJ Michigan 6
j Mississippi 20
S Missouri 6
ft New Mexico 7
g New York 79
g Oklahoma 4
South Carolina 16
S Virginia 24
3 Necessary for choice...
Sunday service by employes has
been reduced to a minimum, with lit
tie objection from the patrons of the
Reforms Under Way,
Many other improvements have
been made in the postal service dur
ing President Taft's term of office.
such as tho shipment of periodicals in
carloads by fast freight, which has re
duced the cost of transportation and
expodited tho handling of first-class
mall, and tho consolidation or the star
routo and rural delivery services so
that It has been possible to establish
many now routes and to serve thou
sands of additional patrons on exist
lng routos with little or no Increased
cost. Out tho Taft program of postal
reform and progress is not yet com
pleted. The president Is urging con
gress to adopt legislation for the re
adjustment of postage rates on
basis of cost, which will eventually
permit of a one-cent rate on letter
mall. A project also is under way for
giving to village communities the
saraa free delivery of mall that is now
enjoyed by cities and tho rural popu
The establishment of a domestic
parcel post has received the earnest
consideration of the president. In
somo branches of the delivery serv
ice, notably the rural and city dellv
cry routes, tho equipment now neces
sary is sufficient for tho additional
transportation of considerable mer
chandiso with little or no increase in
oxpenso. A system thus limited would
enablo the government to render an
Important service to many millions of
people and to determine from the
viewpoint of actual experience the
most desirable manner of extending it.
President Taft, accordingly, has
urgently recommended to congress the
adoption of the necessary legislation,
and to present the issue clearly, three
Items of $60,000 each havo been in
eluded In the estimates of the postal
service by Postmaster Qenoral Hitch
cock, two to cover the Initial expense
of introducing tne parcel post on rural
routes and in tho city delivery serv
ice, respectively, and the third to
meet tho cost of an Investigation look
ing to the final extension of the serv
Ice to the railways and other trans
Dr. Wiley 8upperta Taft.
Dr. Harvey W. Wiley, who quite re
cently resigned as chief chemist of the
department of agriculture, when In
Cincinnati several days ago, made tho
President Taft Is the one man who
toVd between me and destruction at
Washington. When efforts wcro being
made to 'assassinate me,' Taft proved
my only protector, He stood by me
and I cm grateful to him. I hope ho
will be re-olocted president."
From all over comes the news of the
solidification of the Taft forces for the
mighty polling of sentiment that will
show Roosevelt never bad a chance.
E OF TAF
Bureau of Mines Marks Grca
SAVES HUNDREDS OF LIVES
Discovery of Danger of Coal Dust lm
portant Handling of Explosives
Made Safer Government's
The saving of many lives annually
the lives of minora throughout tho
united States will bo ona of tho
splendid results that will follow th
establishment of the bureau of mines,
ono of tho groat achievements In the
Interest of labor by the administration
of President Taft Tho formation of
this buroau is llkewiao a notable
achievement, and will provo far-reach
lng In Its effects to a class of wage'
earners which has been in great need
or somo practical relief.
The excessive and unnecessary loss
of llfo In the mines of this country
was ono of the primary causes for th
crcniion or mis bureau. For years
hundreds of miners were killed In
mine disasters, and nractleallv noth
Ing was done to check tho terrible loss
of llfo. Tbore was also need for an In
vestigation to determlno what could
be dono In tho way of handling th
high explosives, as well aa to improve
tho conditions under which tho men
Spurred on by President Taft. an
act creating the bureau of mines wa
passed by congress and became effec'
tivo on July 1, mo. John A. Holmes
of tho United States geological sud
vey, was appointed as the first direct
or. Mr. Holmes was renuted and cer.
tlfted to bo the best trained man for
tho place obtainable In tho United
states. The chief experimental sta
tlon was established in Plttshtire
where the Investigations of the prob
lems entrusted to tho bureau hav
been prosecuted so successfully for
nearly two years.
In tho year 1907, the moat dlsastrou
or an years In tho American coal
mino, 3,125 miners lost their lives
mis represented 4.86 men killed
for every 1,000 employed. Jn coal
mines In Europe less than two miners
are Killed out of every 1.000 emnlor.
ed. As a result of the work conducted
oy tne bureau of mines, and the wise
use of an appropriation of $150,000
maao ny congress, the death rate has
alroady been reduced to practically
one-nau or wnat It was in 1907.
One of the notable achievements of
we Bureau or mines was the demon.
stratlon of the fact that coal dust In
a bituminous mine Is moro danrernu-
and doadly than gas. It has been the
oeiier, Heretofore, that gas or flr
damp was tho greatest menace to the
miners, and little attention was given
to the accumulation of coal dust. The
bureau of mines proved to the satis-
taction or tne miners as well aa onon
tors that coal dust would einini
unllko fire damp, carried no warning
..left, la, ert .
iu u iuo Keeping or dusty mines
wet, as recommended by the bureau nf
mines, was round to reduce materially
the chances of an explosion
Good Work of Bureau.
The number of deaths in tho min.
has been greatly reduced as a roai.it
of tho testing of explosives under the
uireciion or tne Dureau of mines. In
mo year rjus tbo coal lines In h
unnea states used two m lllon nn.,n,.
of short flamo explosives, and nt pres.
uui uany seven umcs mat quantity
Is being used with greater safety, due
iu iae co-operation or tne coal oner.
iura auu mo Dureau or mines.
Tho establishment of an nnrt
mental coal mine at Hrueetnwn
twelvo miles from Pittsburg. Is still
anomer notanio achievement nf th,
bureau of mines. It places the t?nin.i
States in advance of other nation.
with respect to this research and nr.
ponmentai worK in mines. Numerous
tests are made at this experimental
mine, from which many excellent rn.
suits arc oniainea.
Still nnother Important work which
Is conducted under tho ausnleos nf th.
bureau of mines is tho rescue of en-
lomuou miners. mnce the creation of
the bureau many hundreds of lives
havo been saved. At the b!r mining
disaster in Ohio ono of tho rescue
corps or tne bureau of mines arrival
at the sceno thirty-two hours after
tne disaster, inreo men were re.
cued who had been given up as dead
and allowed to remain in tho mine.
At another time ono man was found"
alive among 150 dead, and today he Is
the sole survivor of that terrible ca
tastropho duo to tho splendid work of
tho rescut. corps.
Before tho bureau of mines wn
made possible by the Interest of
President Taft, which was follows
by the necessary legislation for its es
tablishment, there was no organized
effort in saving the lives of entombed
miners, rime ana again, men havo
sacrificed their lives in vain attempts
to rescue tholr companions. This un.
necessary sacrifice of life has been
topped by tne co-operation of thn
state authorities with the fedoral res.
cuers uttached tQ the bureau of mines
An investigation of tho fuel resources
of the United States Is also being
made with a view of checking tho
wasto, and Increasing the efficiency
with which fuel is used. This latter
phase of tbo work Is a part of the
practical conservation policy at the
fAFI MEN WIN OUT
RIOT IN MICHIGAN CONVENTION
MILITIA CALLED TO
ROOSEVELT SUPPORTERS BOLT
President Gets Kentucky Delegation
Mew York Democrats 8elect 00 Del
eaates to Baltimore Convention
Harmony Keynote of Big Meeting.
Oay City, Mich. Tho llooiovolt
forces, after a riot on the Boor, en
trance to which was guarded by n
company or tho atato inllltln, benten In
tnelr attempt to control tho prelimi
nary organization and to scat their
delegates, withdrew from the llcpub
llcan atnto convention here, held n
convention and named six delegates
at large to tho national convention,
Itoosevelt icadors announced thnt they
will carry tho question of tha disputed
delegates to the national body.
Many Itoosevelt men, who entered
(he convention hnll through transoms,
were ejected hy tho pollco and private
detectives, and when ono itoosevelt
supporter, W. D. Uordon of Midland,
reached tho platform and attempted
to mako a speech, he was thrown to
tho floor by J, F. Crcmcr, a Taft man,
Tho pollco and mllltla kept back n
hundred men who attempted to tnki
part In tho physical encounter thai
resulted, whllo former Senator Albert
J. Ocvorldgo of Indiana was swept
back from his scat
After waiting three hours to make
a speech, Mr. Ileverldgo announced
that ho would decline to do so, as two
conventions were being held. He took
tho position thnt he should not decide
tbo legality of cither body.
The opening net In tho turbulent
meeting took placo under guard of
members of Company 11 of tbo Michi
gan National Uunrd, which bad been
called out after all-night conferences
failed to dovelop any sign of pcaco.
While the mllltla held the front en
trance to tho armory against a crowd
of 1,800 delegates and contested dele
gates, members of tho state central
commlttco, headed, by Acting Chair
man Itobert tl. Shields of Houghton
woro admitted through a sldo cn
Whllo the Taft forces held the arm
ory In this manner, Itoosevelt leaders
conferred at n downtown hotel and
prepared to go to the convention nnd
seat their temporary chairman, for
mer Secretary of tbo Navy Truman
Newberry of Detroit
When tho Taft men were seen to bo
In absolute control, th. Itoosevelt
forces went to another ball and held
their own couvcntlon. Tbey named
the following delegates at largo to tbo
national convention: Gov. Chaso U
Osborn, Charles Nichols, Detroit: By
brant Wossellus, Grand Haplds; II. K
Iloughey, Traverse City; Theodore
Joslyn, Adrian; W. D. Gordon. Mid
The Taft delegation Is beaded by
John D. McKay of Detroit The other
five aro Capt. W. J. Richards, Crystal
Falls; George P. Morley of Saginaw;
Fred A. Dlgglns, Cadillac; Eugene Kl
field, Oay City, and William Judton
Louisville. Ky. With tho election of
four delegates at large, alternates nnd
the electors, the state Republican con
ventlon has adjourned without the
threatened bolt on the part of tho
Roosevelt faction, and President Taft
will have 23 tcctructcd votes in the
national convention at Chicago, while
three will support tho former presl
dent. Tho four delegates at large
are: United States Senator William
O. Oradlcy, Judge James U. Ilrcathltt,
Hopkinsvlllo; W. I). Cochran. Mays
vino, and J. Edward wood, a negro
preacher from Danville.
New ork. On a strong platform.
which also has tbo merit of brevity,
New York's 90 delegates to the Haiti
moro couvcntlon were selected by the
Democratic stato convention at Ter
race Garden in record time and amid
tho most marked conditions of all
Following nro the delegates at large,
or "big four," who wilt represent tho
New iork Democracy nt the national
Dolcgatcs United States Senator
O'Gorman, Governor Dtx, Alton llrooks
Parker and Cbnrlcs Francis Murphy.
TRUNK CONCERN IS BANKRUPT
Romadka Brothers Company Falla
for $200,000 Wlfe'a Disgrace Is
Back of Trouble.
Milwaukee. Tho Itnmnrfkn n.i).
era comnanv. n trunk innnnfnti.,i
concern, was thrown Into Involuntary
bankruptcy upon tno claims of three
New York creditors. Oack of the
financial trouble Is the scanilnt hh
nroso when Evelyn, then wife of c. J.
Romadka, one of the brothers, was ar
rested some years aca In rhlii,n
Rn accomplice In crlmo of n negro.
uiaims aro Known to total about
$200,000 and tho firm has assets esti
mated at about $100,000 In ml, mi i
Flee Mexican Rail BtHke.
Washington. Antlrlnatlnif n ii....-.
on tho entire railway system in Mexl
co In a few days, Americans aro leav
ing Mexico City In larco numWn no.
cording to advices to the state depart-
ment. ino striKo on tho National rail
way is set for next Monday, April 15.
6hot by Mistake; May Die.
Los Angeles. Cat. When nmnii,. .
assist his brother, who had been a vic
tim of hold up men. T. E. Yaudla was
mistaken for a robber hem n.i
perhaps fatally, by an officer. '
fTIy K. O. HKLt.f.nH, Director of Hven
Inif IVpirtment, The Moody Illble In
stitute ( Chlcnxo.)
LESSON FOrTAPRIL 21.
THE APPOINTING OF THE
I.nSSON TKXT-J:"-1 and Matt 8:11
(lOI.lM'.K TIIXT "Ye did not ehooas
mr, but I choso you, and appointed you.
Hint ye so and bear fruit" John 15:15
Things do not happen In tho realm
of religion, they como to pass. No
mnn can nlono accomplish nny great
task. Every great leader lias been
blessed by ono or moro equally great
helpers. Luther hnd his Melancthon;
Wesley had bis brother Charles, Vhlt
field and others; Moody had Whittle,
nilss, Sankey and moro. Thcsu lend
ers but followed "In his steps."
Jesus' ministry mado him rery
much observed and at tho aamo time
greatly multiplied his duties nnd bur
dens. When, therefore, ho choso theno
disciples ho desired not only to ob
tain help nnd to begin to tench those
who were nflerward to tako up his
work, but llko every other net, ho do
sired to teach A lesson to those wbo.
were so carefully observing bis life.
So It was thnt tho significant num
ber of twelve, corresponding to tho
twelvo tribes, nt onco confirmed bis
assumption of tho Mcsslnhshlp. This
meant thnt in him thoso wondrous
prophecies wcro being fulfilled, nnd It
also served to stlmulato those uion
whom tho cholco fell. Moe who led
this peoplo out of Egypt hnd to b
helped (Ex. 18:17-24) In his work and
a greater who Is to found a new
kingdom calls about him tho-o who
shall do a greater work than merely
to Judgo tho people. Why greater?
Ilccauso they are not only to. Judpe
results but aro to change results by
altering causes. They nro to hnvo
power over demons even as the Mas
ter, for evil has no rights. The sourco
of their power Is to bn Jesus for he
Is to bo "with them" power and pro
tection as well. So with us. (Matt.
2820.) Their power Is to grow with
usage, for we learn by doing, heneo ho
sends them forth.
Some Things It Teaches and Why.
This lesson Is different from our
previous one whero Jesus first railed
his disciples. Luke tells us thnt these
twelvo wero selected from among tho
rest of tho disciples. Tho groater,
nearncss nnd moro extended author
ity of these "messengers" called upon
them greater testings than tho others
who were disciples or "learners."
Matthew tetls us what Jesus said
Is to bo the character of his repre
sentatives He likens them to salt
and to a light. "Nothing Is better for
the whole body than salt nnd sun"
were the words of Pliny. Salt Is a
great cleansing agency; It Is n strong
tonic; It has great preservative quail
ties; It Is a great preventive against
corruption, but Jesus adds. If salt
loses its sallno quality It becomeH
like sny other earth; It has no dis
tinguishing essentlnl, characteristic.
Let not the Christian, who Is "the salt
of tie earth" lose his identity, loe
his taltnesa and becomo llko tho
world about him. If he does ho Is flt
then only to bo trodden under the
foot of man. These disciples are to bo
tho light of tho world. It is a good
thing to preserve, to purify, to clennse,
but it Is a greater thing to energize,
to direct, to lend.
How Men Are Saved.
These apostles camo from many
walks in life and represent vnrled tem
peraments. Tho aggrcsslvo Peter nnd
the other "son of thunder" who would
call down flro upon those who walked
not with Jesus. The reflectiro cau
tious Thomas, tho plotting practical
Judas, "who also betrayed him."
These are the men who nr pent forth.
somo as public heralds (John 1:36)
nnd somo by personal solicitation
(Jas. 1:41) to win yet other followers.
Men aro saved through saved men
and those whom ho sends forth aro
thoso who havo first learned to fol
low. Their work Is mado permanent
only as they "abide" In him. dod
wants the hearing car, tho believing
heart and the confessing mouth
Those whom Jesus sends nro to of.
fer his kingdom to men not to force
It upon them. They must expect to
be received as ho was received and
how thnt shall be ho plainly foretells
tainii. loi. Their work shall i.rlni.
varlanco upon enrth, yes even among
those of the samo family, but the man
who refuses to go. to tnko up this
cross, is none of his, "Is not worthy
Jesus saw plainly that tho vtrlnri
of his kingdom are often hindered
rumcr man helped by the iirewno-
of great crowds (v. 12).
Why send out Judas? Undmi.terfi
bo had all the desired Qualifications
for leadership, and chosen as he was
that bo "might bo with him" he need
not have hardened his heart, brincln
upon himself the greater coudemna.
lion. Jesus had a three-fold work for
theso disciples: (1) to preach; 2)
to heal; (3) to cast out demons
note tho spiritual need Is the foremn.r
one. Then comes tho ministry of
healing, to Invert tho order Ii to pre.
vent tho teaching of tho Oook. Aa
to tue third it Is evident it was some
thing different than disease