Newspaper Page Text
October to, 19 1 2.
PLIMSOLL'S MARK ON SHIPS
Peculiar Charactara en Bid of British
Vcaaala Determine Walght of
Parti apt you hare often heard ot
nan's maklnc hla mark In the world,
but what do you think of a man that
left hla mark on every British ahlp
that aatla the seaa?
If you are observant you may have
noticed In passing aome of the freight
ateamera a peculiar mark on the aide,
cloae to the water, something like the
letters O. B. This mark Is usually
bout the middle of the boat, and la
white or yellow on a dark background.
In the old daya many merchant
ahlpa were lost through overloading
and a British member ot parliament,
Samuel Pllmaoll, who aympatbtted
with the poor sailors that had to risk
their lives on these ships white the
reedy owners atayed aafely at home,
worked and worked until be got a
law paaaed that obliged every cargo
carrying vessel to carry a mark on
Ita aide, abowlng the depth to which
he might aafely be loaded.
rne nve marxe on tne ngure to
the right, which looks like a letter E.
Indicate the loading deptha for differ
ent places and seasons. The top line,
turned to the left, Is fof fresh water.
The top line to the right la for the
Indian ocean. The next below la for
the summer aeason anywhere. The
one below that la for winter and the
lowest of all la for the north Atlantlo
In winter, aa that is considered the
most dangeroua of all the oceana
traveled by cargo carrying ships.
LITTLE TRICK OF INTEREST
One May 8ee Through Hla Hand by
Using Place of Paper Rolled Up
In Form of Tube.
Here la aometblng that Is very eaay
to try and that Is bound to Interest
everyone you show It to. Take a
piece of paper .and roll It up Into a
Seeing Through Hand.
tube About three-quarters of an Inch
In diameter. Hold this In your right
hand and place one end ot It close up
to your right eye. Place on the table
about three feet from you any small
object, such as a coin. Now open your
left hand and placo It wltb the palm
facing you, against the .left aide of the
paper tube, about midway of Ita
length. Keeping both eyes open, now
you will appear to see through this
hand In fact, there will apparently be
a hole right through It, through which
you will see the coin.
A boy sat on a rail fence Inclosing
a cornfield. A city chap passing,
"Your corn looks kind of yellow.
"Yep, tbat'a the kind we planted,"
"It doean't look aa If you would get
Jro than half a crop," observed
"Nope; we don't expect to. Landlord
eta the other half," retorted the
The stranger healtated a moment
and then ventured:
"You aro not very far from a fool
ish fellow, are you, Hub?"
"Nope, not more'n ten feet,"
said the boy and the city chap paased
Colors One Cannot Sea.
Perhaps you know that there Is no
such thing as color in the objects you
look at. Boms process In the brain
transforms the waves of light that
come from different things Into what
are called colora. When there la no
no light you see no colors and a red
roae la the aame shade as a green
At present people can distinguish
even colors In the rainbow, but scien
tists say there are others beyond those
we sea which the human eye cannot
see yet. They have proved that aome
Insects, such us ants, can see raya ot
light beyond the violet, juat as It baa
been ahown that there are animals
that can bear aounda which are too
fine for human eara to detect.
Tha Maid and Her Apptea.
Three boys met a aervant maid car
rying applea to the market. The first
took half what ahe had, but returned
to ber ten; the aecond took one-third,
but returned two; and the third took
way half those ahe bad left, but re
turned her one. She bad then twelve
apples left bow many had aba at
Week of Threatend War Delayed by
Intervention of the Powers Four
Little States, Unable to Endure
Longer, Preaent U.tin alum to Turk
ey and the Powers.
London, Eng., Oct. 7th, 1912.
Tbo possibility of hostilities, al
though serious conflicts havo already
occurred between tho allied armies
ot Scrvla, Bulgaria, Montenegro and
0 recce on the ono sldo and Turkey
on tho other, bociii mo to rcinoto ow
ing to tho acccptanco on the part
ot Groat Hrltnln ot tho proiosals for
Intervention on tho part of tbo
French Government; still It Is doubt
ed whether the war spirit ot tho
little atatcs can bo satisfied with
uny thing short of actual hostilities.
It la tho first tlmo In tho hlBtory
ot tho opposition to tho brutality
and encroachment of tho Turkish
Government thnt there haB been any
concerted action on tho part of tho
oppressed. And, while, the outcome lu
tho event of war Is not easily fore
noon, Turkey, when pitted ngalnst an
antagonist on land, being a first rate
power, yet It Is conceded that tho
allied armies aro doubly armed by
tho Justice ot their cause, and their
million men might bo counted as
practically double that number.
Ono doubtful figure n the movement
la tho questionable attitude ot Rou
manla, which lies north, of Montene
gro, Servla and Ilulgarla, there being
Indications that the ltoumanlan
government will Rldo with tho Turks.
Tho causo of tho wn". If there
Is to Ihj war, lies primarily In tho
religious differences of tho people,
tho allied states being Christian whllo
their oppressor, tho Turkish govern
ment, which exercises suzerainty
over them, Is Mohnmmcdnn. Tho
oppressions of tho Turks which liavo
continued throughout several centu
ries aro such as no civilized nation
Unless tho conflict can bo averted
by peaceful means tho consensus ot
Christian opinion will be that tho
war is Justifiable.
Ouly tho jealousies of tho so-called
grvnt powers have tnado possible tho
long continuance of these unbearable
conditions In tho near Kast. England
has had It within her power for moro
than fifty years to drlvo Turkey out
of Europe. Ilut she would rather havo
Turkey In possession of tho Bosporus
than concedo a foot of territory to
Hussla, Germany, Franco or Austro
Hungary. And thus sho acquiesces for
territorial and financial reasons In
this blot upon Christian civilization.
During tho vesper hour, Saturday
evening, tho town was aroused by
tho alarm of tire, tho signals indicat
ing tho West End. Ou glancing In
that direction It was evident from
tho light that a serious fire was
Tho first building to burn was that
of Ell Haker on lloono Street. Mr.
linker and his family aro In Harlan
teiiiiornrily, (nit his property was oc
cupied by a .Mster-ln-law, 'Mrs. Hays.
It Is supost'd thnt tho flro started
from tho kitchen flue, but when
discovered It was beyond control,
this pan of tho town iiot being with
in the reach of the CoIIego flro hose,
and tho only water avallablo being
that from wells In tho neighborhood.
Tho building was Boon a mass of
flames, practically none of tho fur
niture being saved. Tho attention of
tho fire fighters was thcreforo direct
ed to tho saving of adjoining proper
ty. Ilut 'It was also soon evident that
tho unoccupied building adjoining,
owned by Mr. J. K. Baker, could not
bo saved. Water was carried from a
great dlstanco and several homes
practlcaly stripped of blankets, cover
lets and other bed clothing In an ef
fort to shield adjoining property from
I tho heat of tho flames. Theso heroic
1 methods woro successful In saving
I tho cottngo adjoining tho Ell Baker
houso down tho street and other
buildings across tho street, though
eomo of tho window panes In tho
houso occupied by Mr. Scruggs woro
Tho Ell Baker houso was insured for
$2,000 and $200 on household goods.
, J. K. Baker's was Insured for $1,200.
Tho loss on tho lattor, above Insur
ance, being fully J COO.
KILLING AT RICHMOND
Itlchmond, Ky., Oct 7. 1912
Black Maupln, a prominent farmer
of this county, shot and killed James
Farrls on Malu Street hero today,
Maupln Is about CO years ot ago,
whllo bis victim Is 63, formerly hav
ing lived near Kingston, his home
now being at Lawrcncebufg.
The killing occurred on a crowded
street, five shots having been fired,
throo taking effect, either one of
which would havo proved fatal. After
his victim had fallen, 'Maupln rushed
upon him and cut bis throat and
IN A NOTABLE INTERVIEW THE
PRE8IDENT TREATS OF THE
TARIFF, TRUSTS, HIOH COST OF
LIVING, WOMAN SUFFRAGE, RE
CALL OF JUDGES, IMMIGRATION
AND GOVERNOR WIL80N.
PROTECTION RAISES WAGES,
Thinks tha Payne Law Haa Enabled
the American Worker to Matt tha
Cost of Living and Maintain Hla
Family In Comfort Every Able
bodied Man Willing to Work Haa
Work City HoUls Throngtd With
Buyers and Farmers Never Better
OR Nothing Can Kill Prosperity
but tha Benumbing Glaoiar of Free
Trade or a Wave of Anarchy.
President Tnft, when In New York,
Sept. 24, gave a long Interview to the
newspapers In which he discussed fully
the campaign Issues.
This Is the Interview In part:
"Mr. President, havo you visited the
'Chamber of Horrors'- In Union square,
where the burdens upon living under
the high tariff are Illustrated"
"No. but a New York friend told mo
a little Incident In regard to It worth,
remembering. According to the story
told me. the exhibition Includes a num
ber of articles of clothing tagged with
the prices and an nlleged statement ot
what the articles would cost with tho
tariff duties deducted. I understand
that n number of establishments en
gaged In the manufacture of clothing
are situated In the neighborhood, and
a workltigruan, evidently from one of
those establishments, strolled at the
noon bour Into the exhibition. Looking
about him, he noticed n coat bearing a
price tag. and Indicating what the cost
of tho Coat would le without' a tariff
duty. 'Why.' ho remarked, 'that would
bring tbo price of the coat lower than
what I get for making one. At that
rate where would I como In' It Is
hardly necessary to say that he would
not 'como lu' nt all, unless willing to
work for onc-bntf to one-fifth of his
present pay for making n coat
"The policy of tbo Itepubllcan party
Is not to shut out foreign manufac
tures, but to foster domestic manufac
tures and to keep tho Amerlcnn work
"The tariff should be revised so far
as may be necessary to keep prices
from being exorbitant, so that, as I
have explained in my speech of ac
ceptance, the manufacturer shall so
euro only enough protection to pay tho
scale of high wnges which obtains and
ought to obtain In th's country, and
secure a reasonable profit"
"What do you think, Mr. President,
of the proposal of tho third term party
to control tho trusts through federal
Incorporation and regulation"
"It would create the most monstrous
monopoly of power In tbo history of
the world a power ns much greater,
as much more autocratic, than that of
a Caesar or a Napoleon, as the business
Interests of tho twentieth century are
greater, moro dominant and fan-caching
than were tboso of 2,000 or 100
"Tho Payne law has had no more to
do with advancing the cost of living
j than tho latest Atlantic cable tariff.
Ou the contrary, It has enabled the
American worker to meet tho cost of
living and maintain kls family In com
fort. "Ondcr the operation ot that law
prosperity has been gradually restored
since tho panic. of 10Q7. Practically
stabbed him several times. He died
Maupln Immediately went to the
Ja'll nud surrendered.
On last Monday morning a base
ball gatno was played on Lincoln
Field between tho College and Aca
demy team and tho Normal, Founda
tion and Vocational team. Tho score
was 25 to 21 In favor of the Collego
and Academy team.
Quite a largo crowd ot boys and
girls witnessed a game of football on
the Athletic field, Monday afternoon,
between tho first and second teams
of tho Academy. Tho teams showed
up well nnd It Is expected that tho
first team will hold their own In tho
gamo noxt Monday between the
Academy and Collego.
LINCOLN INSTITUTE DEDICATION
Continued from Hint Page
coin at soven minutes after tho hour.
People coming by tho C. and O and
the Southern roads should change to
the Interurban lino at Shelbyville.
It is tho opportunity of a ltto tlmo.
Do not miss it.
A. Eugeno Thomson, Principal.
BEREA'S LEADING HARDWARE STORE
A COMPLETE LINE
Hardware, Pakts, Mawcbc Mackiaes, Faraanf Iaaplcaseats, GaaeJiae aaal
Oil Store, aM Grewiei
PricsR'iiht J. D. CLARKST0N GveUa c
MAM STKKKT. mm
r" - ...... IH H llllUM
to work IniH wnrk. 11 nil In some of the
lnr Industrial iT-nter. as well ns In
other pnrlH f the rniintry.'thc demand
for InNir far exceeds the supply. City
hotels have thronged wllli buyers
from all sections of the Union, who
rc,rl ready sales nnd empty shelves,
nnd are eager purchaser of goods to
replenish their stores. Karmers were
ni-vcr better off. Every legitimate In
dustry Is looking forward to still great
er prosperity, provided the nation's
progress shall not lx tin I ted by the lie
numbing glacier of free trndp or ths
destructive Invn stream of ntiiirrhr.
"1 have not ehanged In the slightest
my view ns to tho necessity of mone
tary reform, or of the (Trent vnlue and
Importance of the work done by tho
monetary commission, of which for
uier Senator Aldrleh wns chnlrinnn.
"It Is a reform tieeexsiiry In the In
terest of nil the people nnd must bo
carried through accenting to some prac
tical nnd ortlelent plan that will rem
od,v the gross Inadequacy nnd mnrked
Imperfections of our bnnklrffc nnd cur
'There hns been no Intervention In
Nlcarngtia. Under conditions of an
archy. Hccompnnled by nets of ruthless
barbarity. Amerlcnn marines were
Innded at the request nnd with the con
sent of the lawful government of Men
rngua to nsslst In protecting the lives
and property of Americans nnd other
foreigners. There wns no Invasion, no
levying wnr. Common htimnnlty dic
tated the course Hint hns been pur
sued." "What Is your attitude. Mr. Prcsl
dent, on the woman suffrage -question"
"Suffrage for women Is on Issue to
be decided by the states, and there can
bo no doubt whatever that whenever
and wherever n mnjorlty of women
Impress upon their fathers, their hus
bands, sons, brothers nnd beaus that
they want to vote they will get the
right to vote."
"Do you regard the recall of Judges,
Mr President, as an Issue In this cam
paign" "I regard the maintenance of an In
dependent Judiciary as a supreme Is
sue, and I thoroughly agree with tho
American Bar association that tho re
call applied to Judges would tend to
deprive the public of Judges of ability,
character, high sense of duty and a
due regard to enlightened public senti
ment and that such a Judiciary Is ab
solutely necessary to tho existence of a
"What aro your views. Mr. Presi
dent. In regard to Immigration"
"There are both room and opportu- , , , , . .....
nlty In tbo United States for lmml- cal party ,s not an end It Is- but a
grants of wholesome physique. Indns- mean8' a convenient and useful tool .
trlous hnblts nnd good moral charac- to Becuro certain desired results. 1
ter. I hope that when the Panama Tnls 's the party's excuse for ex
canal Is opened the tide of Immlgra- istence. A systematic organization is
tlon .from Europe will flow through to always mosp potent than a mob. It I
tho Pacific states, which are very conserves that energy, that vital
sparsely settled In view of their vast
extent and magnificent natural re
"It is reported, Mr. President that
Samuel Gompera, president of tho
American Federation of Labor, has
sent out circulars to labor unions at-
tacking your administration as hostile
to organized labor."'
"I have not seen the circulars you
mention, but if the statement is cor
rect Mr. Gompera Is ns much In error
as he wns four years ago, when he
proposed to deliver the whole Labor
vote to Mr. Bryan.
u air. uryuu.
I appreciate." added Mr. Toft,
"Governor Wilson's courteous and re-
spectful , personal attitude toward my
office nnd toward me. As to his stnte-
ment about my being misled by 'bad
advisers,' 1 wish him and every one
to understand thnt I hnve been nnd
will continue to the end of ray term
president of the United Stntes In all
thnt the title Implies, thnt I am re
sponsible for every act of my admin
istration and have no burden to shift
on to others."
KY. LIBRARY ASSOCIATON
Miss E. K, Corwlu, Collego Librari
an, attended the Kentucky Library
Association at Lawrcnccburg, Oct. 3rd
and 4th. Tho meeting was unusu
ally interesting and profitable with
an attendance of forty, who wcro
most hospitably entertained In tho
homes ot tho townspeople.
The outsldo feature rivaled their
trip to Indian Fort Mountain last
year. They were conveyed In car
riages and autos to Tyrone and at
Tyrono were taken on a bargo up tho
Kentucky river as tar as lock No. 1,
about ten miles above Tyrone. Tho
process of going thru the lock was
a very Interesting one. Very abundant
refreshments were served on the boat
for dinner and supper.
Tho foliage along tho banks was
beautifully reflected in the stream,
which was unusually clear on account
ot a lack of rain.
Tho officers ot tho Association for
tho ensuing year aro:
President, Miss Florence. Dlllard of
First Vlco-Presldent, Mrs. A. M.
Spears of Covington.
Second Vtco-Presidcnt, Miss Julia
Hopkins ot Paducah.
Secretary, Miss Carrlo Hunt
. Treasurer, Msa Hubbuch, bt Louis
Temperance puts wood on the
flro, meal In tho barrel, flour In tho
tub, money In tho purse, credit In
tho country, contentment in tho house,
clothes on tho balms, vigor In the
body, Intelligence In tho brain and
spirit In tho wltolo constitution.
Continued from page one
Ing placo In tho ChJncso and Turkish
It Is our privilege to bo living in
one of theso high level eras. Wo will
In tho noxt few yoare sco history In
tho making. In fact we ourselves will
mako It, It needs no prophet to
tell us that wo aro today fast ap
proaching ono of these great focal
points In tho history ot tho race It
Is an ago ot development and prog
ress in many lines, an ago of pros
perity. In fact wo aro prosperous to
n dangerous extent perhaps. It would
bo Interesting, If spaco permitted, to
discuss tho reaction that must Inevi
tably tako place.
Only Vital Things Will Endure
Tho old order ot things is rapidly
passing away; and again in this very
rapidity,- wo may perhaps read danger.
Tho chan go depends upon no class
or party; tho forces at work are
stronger than all classes or par
ties combined. The next few years
will see radical changes In education.
Many of thoso things which aro now
regarded as vital, upon which time
has placed its stamp of approval,
and which havo endured thus far
largely because of tradition, will
pass away. Those and things which
aro essential to the life of the na
tion, which grip tho very floors of
being of tho individual, will broaden
In religion, dogma and narrow sec
tarianism must yield to Uiose things
which take hold on life, which broad
en and enrich and deepen It. Tho
Brotherhood of Man will become
moro than a name.
The Party a Means
In politics also there is taking
placo this same rebirth. The polltl
nerve force of which we Americans
are so prodigal.
How Parties are Tested
This fall of 1912 sees the beginning
of a period of great opportunity, a
time when the political party can
achieve either a glorious triumph or
Ignominious failure. That political or
ganization which fails to read the
signs of tho times, fails to properly
Interpret the hand writing on the
will, can not endure. In political
I life as In the natural world, onlv thnt
"wmcn 1111s a noeu, wnicn lias a mis-
slon and which properly meets the
Issues by which It is confronted, can.
I Voters must Choose
Tho parties naturally stand for dif
ferent principles; each has a distinct
Individuality. It Is for every 'voter to
study tho questions fairly and for
himself decide which one most merits
his support, which one will bo best
fitted for meeting conditions as they
The Present Need
What this nation at present most
needs, is not greater prosperity, not
expansion, not extension of interests,
not a development by which wo shall
surpass tho other nations of the
world in wealth In commerce and In
vlslblo power. What we most need
which lies deeper than all these and
and what we must secure. Is that
upon which our true national great
ness depends, success In Belt govern
ment. By this Btandard will our sue-.
cess or failure be measured.
It Is up to us to prove that govern
ment by tho people, for tho people
can still exist upon the earth, and
that in the end the will of the Ameri
can pooplo will triumph, and that no
special interests can thrive at the
expense of tho nation's welfare. No
longer is there the blind unswerving
party allegiance ot the past, Tho
avcrago voter, and It is tbo average
man who will docldo all the ques
tions of tho future, will do consider
able thinking for himself.
It is a time of golden opportuni
ty. That party which has a prophetic
vision, which can see the need and
rising abovo mcro prejudice, apply
I tbo remedy, will go down In history.
I That party which ignores the need,
which clings to old traditions, which
barters Its birthright for tho mess
ot pottago must die.
Aim of Democratic Party
There aro many Important ques
tions to bo considered. There aro
questions of trusts and tariffs and
taxes; ot protection and pensions
and the Philippine Islands; of re
form and railroads and Republican
if I 'K .
TORY occupation lifts Itself
with the enUrclne life of her
ho practices It. The occupation that
rill not do that, no woman really has a.
right to occupy herself about
WHAT TO DO WITH LEFTOVER
BITS OF CHEESE.
Cheese Is such a valuablo food and !
to particularly good in combination
with starchy foods, and thoso lacking
tats and flavor, that It ahould be found
moro often upon our tables.
When buying cheese It Is best not
to get it In too largo quantities, as It
drys and molds. To keep It from mold
ing, wrap It In a cloth wrung out ot
vinegar. Orate all the small pieces
before they get too dry and keep them.
In a Jar with a tight cover.
In cooking cheese It is well to re
member that overheating It makes It
Indigestible. When possible, add tho
chceso to a hot dish only long enough
to melt It A tablcspoonful of cheese)
will flavor a dish, and not even a scrap
should be thrown away.
Butter crackers and sprinkle with
grated cheese and a dash ot cayenne,
place In a hot oven and servo when
the cheese Is melted.
Cheese Shell Filled With Cabbage.
Boll until tender a small head of
young cabbage. 1 Drain, chop and feea
son well. There should be about two
cupfuls. Put It In an empty cdam or
plneapplo cheeso shell, In alternato
layers, with one cup of white sauce.
Heat In tho oven until the sauce bub
bles; this will glvo tho cabbago a
delicate cheese flavor. Boiled maca
roni or rice may be substituted for tho
cheese if preferred.
Cheese Macaroons. Spread Maca
roons together with any tart Jelly and
press together with a layer of snappy
Cream Cheese Crackera-Take un
sweetened crackers. If not crisp set
them In the oven for a few moments.
Spreak with plum or currant Jelly and
drop a teaspoonful of cream cheese in
the center of each cracker.
Cheese Balls. Add a dash of ta
basco sauce to cream cheese, a pinch
of salt, paprika to moke It pink, and
cream to make a paste. Form Into ,
balls and roll In finely chopped black
walnuts. Serve on lettuco with French
Pack cream chceso, well seasoned,
Into red or green peppers; then servo
cut in slices. Very pretty.
extravagance; but for tho present
I let us consider only that ono general
'question whether this great nation
is to hav self government or whether
the special classes and Interests aro
to go forward with ever increasing
pwer and momentum. What we need
and what tho Democratic party la
unitedly laboring for Is real popular
government, unhampered, untram
meled and unentangled. We need a
government that can not bo used
to further private enterprise, that
cannot be used as a tool by any in
' dividual, any class, any business, or
lany party. Wo need a government
I wherein tho public business shall bo
'carried on In public, a government
not dominated by professional poll
tlcans, but one which will take Into
consideration changing .relations,
which will consider tho mutual in
terdopendnece of capital and labor,
with the constantly, shifting indus
trial and social Ideals; a government
which will acknowledge tho 'individ
ual ot all classes, which will Impress
upon him a sense of his own duty
and responsibility, and Imbue him
with a senss of tho common human
ity of man. This Is tho real issue
that eachparty of tho present day
No Resort to Violence .
Wo all see moro or less clearly
theso questions that are pressing
ever more closely, questions which
I should have been answered long ago
'and which cannot much longer bo
thrust aside. Theso questions can
not, or at least should not bo decid
ed by violence. Tho cost ot French
Revolutions Is too great. Truo prog
ress must lie along the line of moral
quickening and must come by an ap
peal to reason, by an enlistment and
uso ot all those factors which con
tribute to moral growth. This must
be a campaign ot enllghtment and
of education, and this Is tho cam
paign which tho progressive Democra
Uo party Is now beginning to wago, a
campaign that is going to win be
cause It Is founded upon right and
Justlco and equity to all.
Which party, Mr. Voter, will secure
you? support? Will 1 bo tho ono man
party with its strenuous spite cam
paign? Will It bo the party ot the
protected Interests and machine ruler
Or will It be the party of the com
mon, man, the party which Is work
ing for real reform, which Is waging
a war against corruption In politics,
and which believes in equal rights
for all, rich and poor alike?
Cbas. B. Llndsley.