Newspaper Page Text
October 10, 1912.
MAKING BIDDY HAPPY.
Try to Plan Yeur Hane With Com
blned Roods and Nests.
I think I linve studied out unit mnde
perfect combined nesting n ml roost
ing box, snys n correnMndent of Knrm
nnd Fireside. The nrtln boxes are
of ensy nccrss nnd nt the unnie time
so secret ns to plpimc the Iicim nnd
mnko them very secure from the hent
learning Hint iwrnlrlou lialill, so of
(cn lenrned In the winter, of entlng
(heir ecu. The roosts nro In n iwl
tlon to nllow nil possible iicrcss of
fresh nlr without draft nnd nt the
OOVIIIINIU IIOOHTH AND NEHTH.
Prom Farm and Fireside.)
tin mo time nllow protection from n se
verely cold night. Tho third lniortnnt
advantage lies In tho fnct Hint It Is
made so much In section its to ho
moved with enso. l'very purl Is per
fectly nccvsslhle. so ns to U enslly
oiled or whitewashed, to prevent nnd
rcmoTo disease or lice. The founda
tion Is n tienrh. A, fifteen Inches high
which nlloWM the hens to use the floor
space underneath, so that Is not wast
ed: twenty-live Inches wide nnd as
Ions ns desired. conforming to the
space nvnllnhle nnd fowls to uso It Ite
memlior the nests 13 should tie fifteen
Inches square, so the length should he
nn cHjunl mulllile of fifteen. The nest
tioxes should hnvc a door. II, to turn
down In front, with sufficient open
npneo In crncks to nllow the hen n lit
tle llpht nnd yet dnrk enough to en
courage them In hiding their ore nnd
nlso to discourage the Idle hens from
hunting after the newly laid eggt. You
will not the hens enter nn entmnre. C,
nt hark right (or left) hand corner, at
tho end and Into nn nlley, D, Hint runs
Imck of the nests i: nnd opens Into
'each. On top of the nest Is n dented
cover of matched hoards that carries
nn ojieti faced Imx without top or bot
tom, that sets on the dented cover nnd
In turn supiwts a clcated cover In
this box Is placed a roost of two les
nailed to 1 by 3 Inch strips, twenty
four Inches long, for supports. At the
front edge of cover Is fastened n piece
of tiurlnp or strip of blanket to turn
down on very cold nights after tho
hens nre nt roost. I-nrgo fowls need n
cleated board set slanting. In order to
walk up to the roost A smalt box
should be set at tho entrance of tho
nest boxes. Farm and Fireside.
T ADVICE TO AMATEUR FARM
Never set n fried egg with the
expectation of hatching a fried
chicken. In excessively hot
weather plicc canvas over the
potato patch In order to .shield
the eyes of the potatoes from the
blinding sun. Investigation of
modem science have disclosed
the fnct that there Is no essential
connection between duck raising
j nnd quack grass. Farm Journal
Uling Nitrata of Soda.
The North Carolina plan of using ni
trate of soda In growing Held com or
other corn Is to cover It In near tho
roots, but not on them, ns soon ns the
stalks nre eighteen to twenty Inches In
height. The paying value of nltrnte
of soda wheti used, ns directed la great'
(k underestimated. Farm and Fire
The Merino ewe nnd the mutton ram
mnko about ns profitable a sheep com
bination as It Is H)HiIble to get.
When you buy a beef or dnlry ani
mal Insist on getting nn official certifi
cate showing that It tins teen tuber
culin tested with no reaction.
The farmer In New Zealand provides
bis horse and cows with n heavy can
Tas cover during the winter nnd In wet
wenther, tho covers being generally
used for animals turned out to pasture.
Nine parts of corn nnd one part of
tankage make tho best and cheapest
ration for growing nliotes and will op
erate to reduce the n mount of corn
consumed for each pound of grain
when fompnrcd with a ration of corn
only. Kansas Parmer.
You ban make your harness last
' twlco us long by" giving It proper care,
and It takes but a very little time to
do IL "A good act of double harness."
ays a K. Chase, assistant In farm
mechanics at the Kansas Agricultural
college. "If properly cared for should
last the working lifetime of a horse."
Accepting the average price of com
mercial feeding stuff at $30 a ton and
considering one pound of dry matter
lo mangels equal to one pound of dry
matter In grains, mangels may be used
economically In the ration to replace
one-half the Rralp ordinarily fed when
they can be pduced and stored rritdy
for feeding at 4 pej ton.-New Ilamp 1
ablre Station. 1
THE SMALL FRUIT SUPPLY.
Vary Faw Farms Hava Enough to Hasp
Horn. Tablas Flllad.
Very few farms arc supplied with
bnlf enough small fruit. In tho wny of
strawberries I have had all wo could
use for many years, hut It Is accom
plished by setting out n new patch each
alternate spring, says n corrcsiondcnt
of Orange Juild Farmer.
Two hundred or :mx) plants will bo
enough to set n bed that will supply
twice ns ninny berries needed by tho
Inrgest family I nlways set that many
because they ripen In n busy time nnd
then we can get them picked on shares
nd hnvc plenty for our own use. 801110
one not vo fortunately situated has
enough by picking ours, nnd It costs
neither of us nn outlay of cash. I ralso
the berries, the other fellow gathers
them, I have followed the same plan
with the raspberries for tho last few
Currants nre not often found on farm
fruit plots. They arc n good fruit for
some purposes, nnd almost every farm
er's family could dispose of 11 few gal
lons of them In pies. Jelly or even with
sugar nnd cream when dend rlo.
I have n nice patch of the seedless
blackberries. It Is of long bearing, and
If some nurserymen were nilvcrtlslng
It they would call It nn ever bcnrlng
fruit, for It stays In fruit for n long
time. I like It nlso on account of tho
Inck of seeds.
Of course grapes nro n standard
fruit, nnd the old Concord Is found
everywhere. Thcro nre mnny varieties
that will grow In most localities. As
local conditions have much to do with
the problem. It Is best to consult your
nearest nnrserymnn. Put out some
white ones, some of the red ones, both
early nnd late, but do not fool with tho
tender sorts. Ilusy formers do not
hnve the lime nor Inclination to lay
down the vines nnd cover them with
dirt, ns some do In order to fruit tho
WANT FRUITT SPRAY.
""V""' - &
can no longer be grown with- f.
out spraying. Nobody likes to J
sprny. Ami so we nre up ngntnst 4
& It It Is spray or go without
4 fruit Now Is the time to study
X this matter nnd find what stylo &
v of sprayer is needed for our own
X, clrcumstnnces. Ono thing ts os-
r sentlal no matter whether It bo
X n hand sprayer or n power spray-
ft er, the force must bo sufllclcnt
X nnd the nozzle of tho kind which
;; will deliver the sprny In a tlno g
mist nnd scud It with force p
I enough to enter tho cnlyx. Iowa T
T Homestead. ?
Excellent Wlrs Splicar.
The neatest nnd strongest splice can
be made with this little Instrument It
Is made of a strip of Iron one Inch wide
Inch thick. Ono
end Is cut nar
row nnd Is bent
Into n hook largo
enough to tit
neatly the lar
gest wire to bo
spliced. At the
sides of this two
notches nre (lied,
ns shown In Fig.
1. In Fig. i! tho
piker Is seen In
position on the
wire. The nrrow
Indicates the di
rection In which to turn to make the
splice. A pair of large pincers or n
vise should bo used to hold tho two
wires between the colls while turning
the spllier- In Fig. II the splice Is
ihown us finished. The length of the
handle may vary. If the splicer ts to
! used for net wire, of course tho
handle cannot be longer than tho width
af the mesh; otherwise six or seven
Inches Is about right for No. 8 wire.
If it Is to bo used only for small wlro
the length of the handle should bo re
duced for the suke of convenience.
The Useful Radish.
When sowing onion m-cd mix In some
rndlsli seed, it germinates more quick
ly than onion's, nnd the rows enn bo
cultivated before tho weeds are fairly
iturted. Without radishes the rows
cannot be seen for several weeks.
Orchard and Garden.
The quickest growing tree for a
Mlielter bolt is tho willow.
Strawy, stalky immure makes an
ideal mulching fertilizer for both young
and old npple trees. A great many are
literally dylug from starvation. This
t'onrie manure will conserve moisture
While saud.t soils nro probably good
for Htrawberrles, suy soil not too rich
will bring good results. The land
should be well manured and thorough
Long Island gardeners havo been
shipping hampers of assorted vegeta
bles to New York families. A uniform
price of f l.fiO u hamper (holding moro
than n bushel) Is charged the year
round. Die plnn is successful, al
though used on a small scale.
Remember that till- wood ashes that
route from the cook stove, fireplace or
furnnre are the Ix-st kind of fertilizer
for the orchard, lawn or garden.
If climbing cutworms bother orchard
or other crops by entlng buds nnd foil
nge scatter poisoned bait about. This
Is made by mixing one pound parts
preen with twenty pounds bran and
Hiding one to two pints niolaases
ieep this away from the chickens.
. . INTENSIVE FARMING . .
Conducted by Frank Montgomery, M. S.,
Instructor in Animal Husbandry, and Special Investigator
Seed Corn Selection
Farmers havo by no means forgot
' ten tho troublo they had with saed
corn last spring, and right now Is a
good titno to do a great deal of think
ing nbout It and tako steps to pre
vent Its occurrenco again next spring.
In nlno cases out of ten 'where
thoro was troublo last spring, It was
duo to tho germs being frozen. Whcro
corn Is left standing In tho shocU
or oven In most cribs It Is mora or
less damp both Insldo and outsldo
tho kernels, and when damp corn
freezes It Is quito Hablo to kill tho
Thcro aro two ways to bo absolute
ly suro you will havo no trouble from
First, select your seed corn In tho
fall, preferably from tho standing
corn or If your corn Is already cut,
'while husking from tho shock (not
from tho pllo when you haul tho corn
in, but right at tho 1 1 1110 of husking,
bo you can tell what kind of a stnlk
It grew on and If thero wcro two cars
on tho stalk.)
Second, Bpread tho seed corn out In
a warm, dry place, preferably around
tho chimney up stairs In tho house.
Then It will dry out thoroughly and
keep dry, and not freczo In cold
Now a fow suggestions about select
ing. If you select from tho standing
corn, which Is tho best way, and find
a thrifty stalk with a largo and other
wise good ear on It, by all means
get that car for It Is a good, strong
ono to flourish with so much compe
tition. If there aro two ears on that
stalk so much tho hotter tako tho
largo one. This of courso can bo done
only when tho corn Is standing.
Sixty per cent of tho feed valuo
of corn lo In tho grain, and only 40
per cent In tho cob, stnlk and blades;
nnd, of course, mo3t of tho stalk Is
wasted only as It goes back to tho
soil, unless a silo Is used. So It Is
better to havo a hill of two stalks
with two or threo ears on a stalk
than to havo a hill with threo or
four stalks each with only ono car
that is no better. Therefore it is
always n good thing to tako tho best
ear from a stalk that has two cars
on It when such cars can bo found
that como up to tho standard. It you
do this persistently for a few years
you will have a strain of corn that
will havo two cars more often than
ono. Farther south where the boys'
corn clubs havo dono so much to
AID AFFORDED TO SWIMMER
Mitt Slipped Closely Over Fingers
Prevents Flow of Water and
A swimming mitt, having a body of
a length and width to slip fairly
closely over tho four Angers of tho
hand. Is shown In tho Illustration.
Tho purpose of the mitt is to make
possible a more eflectivo stroke in
swimming by preventing any flow of
water between the Angers.
Tho beavers not only cut down trees
for the purpose of making dams, but
also use the smaller branches as a
storage supply of food for winter use,
says a writer In Our Dumb Animals.
These branches, from two to four
laches in diameter, are cut Into
lengths of two or tbieo feet and then
by wonderful engineering ability are
carried beneath the water and Into
the beavers' houses, or tho burrows
with which the bank of every beav
er's dam Is honeycombed. Here they
are carefully stored. The green bark
is the staple article of food throughout
The dams aro of varying height and
length, according to the particular lo
cation. 1 round a dam in Mesa coun
ty, Colorado, which was just six feet
from bottom to top and Impounded a
body of water six feet or more In depth
and covering an area of sevoral acres.
This dam was perfect in construction,
it waa composed entirely of willow i
buahes, as no large timber grew in tha
Could Spare One.
One day Charlie, aged four, and his
baby sister were playing with some
small marbles when one of them dis
appeared and could not be found.
Their mother assisted 'in the search
and waa very much alarmed, feurng
the baby bad swallowed It
"Oh, well, don't worry about It
mamma," aald Charlie. "We've got
enough marbles without it"
play and Display.
Teaeber Wbat la the difference be
tween "play" and "dlaplayt"
Bright Boy Hoys love to play and
girls love to display.
Improvo the corn, they havo develop
ed strains that havo threo good cars
on a stalk moro ofton than ordinary
corn produces two, and seldom less
than two cars.
Ears should not as a rulo bo taken
from tho tallest stalks, and tho ears
should not bo too high above tho
ground or too near tho ground. They
should bo from four to flvo and a half
feet abovo ground, depending upon
tho fertility of tho soil and kind of
Several points should bo consider
ed ns to tho best car for seed.
1. The car should ho of good length.
Hut tho longest car Is not always
tho best, for It may be deficient In
other Important particulars.
2. Tho cars should bo well round
ed out at tho tips with good kernels.
3. Tho cars should bo largo around,
4. Caro should bo exercised to get
ears with small cobs and largo ker
nels. Right hero Is whcro we must
bo on our guard. When you shell
a few grains from tho butts of two
cars, ono with broad grains and tho
other with narrow ones, you nro
almost suro to say tho narrow grains
aro the deepest. Tako ono of theso
narrow grains and lay It on top of
ono of tho broad ones from tho other
ear and sco If you guessed right.
5. Thcro should bo no deep grooves
between tho rows of grains on tho
car, for If thcro are, tho grains will
bo thnt much smaller than they
6. Comparatively smooth cars aro
belter than rough crcaso dented kcr
ncle. 7. The grains should be firm on
tho cob and so plump and well fill
ed out that they will not give when
ono attempts to bend or twist tho
Tho shanks that attach tho car
to the stalk should bo rather short,
but Just long enough to let tho car
hang down so no water can get into
the car from the tip end.
It Is a good thing to select about
ono half moro corn In tho fall than
you expect to need, then a moro
careful selection can bo mado at
planting time. In this selection a seed
testing hox can bo used to good ad
vantage. It your corn Is unusually good this
fall, select several bushels moro
than yOii will need next spring and
lots of your less provident neighbors
will pay you well for your troublo.
PICKED UP IN
Several Little Hints That Will
Prove at Much Assistance
to Any One Keeping
Tho averago cockerel does not pay
for his keep and ho should bo sent to
the block as soon as ho weighs four
pounds unless he Is to bo kept for
Let a strango dog: rush through tho
poultry yard and tho excitement will
affect tho egg supply, for that day.
'While hens havo no sentiment,
there is no doubt they are extremely
nervous at times particularly during
the breeding season and should be so
placed that they cannot be disturbed.
It does not matter eo much about
the breed as it does about the kind of
treatment your hens receive.
Of course. If you are going in for
poultry to sell on tho market you must
select tho fowl that will produce the
most meat, and If for eggs the breed
that will produce more eggs than
meat. Then It is "up to you" to get
the most out of them, as the slang
Once more, do not feed the young
chicks a particle of anything for at
least 36 hours after they are hatched.
Early feeding means disease and
Do not wait a single day to order
your wire and put your enclosures for
tho youngsters In good condition.
When a sick fowl is discovered, re
move It at once. Maybe If you will
attend to it then and there you can
save it, whereas if allowed to wait
too long, it may die. I
Throw an extra lot of hay Into the
poultry yards. The chickens will
scratch out every clover seed. There
Is no better way to make them work
for their food. ,
Damp houses are the greatest pro
moters of disease among fowls. 1
It is a good plan to teach the young
generation of chickens to roost on
perches aa soon as possible. For ono
thing, this will keep them out of reach
One of our poultry folk advises put
ting a pint of coal oil in each bucket
of whitewash before going over the
Inside of the ben bouse. This for the
special benefit of lice and mites.
Tho greatest truths are tho aim
pleat: and so aro tho greatest men.
ubovo 15 years old, In good health, and of good character. This may be
A friendship that makes the least signed by some former Herua student or some reliable teacher or neigh
noiee is very often the most useful, bor. The use of tobacco (a strictly forblddeh.
sence of fear, but the conouest of ,U VSJXl to the Secretary. " -
ireroi,m doe. not mean the n D WALTER MORTON, Berea, Ky.
BE RE A
Five Great Schools Under One Management
FOR THE ASPIRING YOUNG PEOPLE OF
What Are Your Talents?
What Aro Your Aims?
Berea Hat the Training That i Dest For YOU.
Ara you not far advanced? Than enter tha
FOUNDATION 8CH00L, Thoa. A. Kdwarda, 8uparlntandant Hara ye
will be placed with others Ilk yourself, under a special taachar, and make)
most rapid progren. You will master Arlthmatlc and tha commoa
branches and bo ready to uie them. You will hava singing, drawing;, farat
and household management, and tree text-books. On year la the Foua
datlon School coata lest than $90 and la worth $1,000.
Ara you aiming to be a teacher? Than Join tha
NORMAL SCHOOL, John Wirt Dlnamore, Dean. Hera yon will be M
trained that you will fear no examination, and you will be taught hew U
teach. Tha demand for Derea trained teachers far exceeds the eupply.
Are you Interested la earning money?
THE VOCATIONAL SCHOOLS, Mllea E. Marah, Dean.
Mountain Agriculture. Home Science.
Woodwork and Carpentry. Nursing.
Printing and Book-Binding. Butlneea Course, Etc
Here you aooa double your earning power, and learn to enjoy dolnf
things In a aupeiior manner.
Are you desiring the next beat thing to a College Course? Thea take)
two years or three yeara In the
GENERAL ACADEMY COURSE, Francis E. Matheny, Dean., Tra
yeara, or three years. In auch practical atudlea as will fit you for an honor
able and uaeful life. You aelect your studlea from auch aa these: Phyet
ology the science of health; Civics the science of government; a ram mat
the art of correct speech and letter-writing; Ethics the aclence of right
and wrong; History necessary for politics, law and general Intelligence)
Dotany necessary for the doctor and Interesting to every lady; Physics
the aclence of machinery; Drawing, Bookkeeping, etc., eto.
Do you with to prepare to enter College? Start In the
BEREA ACADEMY PREPARATORY COURSES, Francis E. Matheny
Dean. Deat training In Mathematics, Languages, Science and History. The
Academy has lta own class-rooms and Men's Dormitory, and a large body
of aXudenU of high character and ability, able instructors, aa4 use of OeeV
lege Library and apparatus.
REV. CHAS. F. HUBBARD, D. D., Dean
Tlio Collego Itself stands apart from nil the other schools under Its
management nnd linx long maintained tlio highest standards known in tho
South. To conform to tho Carneglo standards wo linvo diminished our for
mer requirements! Iteqtiired nnd elective studies with opportunity to con
centrate In pnrtlculnr lines. Lament college library In Kentucky. Iiabor
ntorli h equipped for student practice Courses leading to tlio degroes of
I a. 11 . 11. Ij and it. red.
" "MUSIC '(tinging Free). .Reed
Band, may be taken for special fees
above a oh 00 La,
Berea, Friend of Working Students. Berea College, with lta afiVatea
schools, la not a money-making Institution. It requires certain teea, aul
it expends many thousands of dollars each year for the benefit of Ha eto
dents, giving highest advantages t lowest cost, and arranging tor etudenU
to earn and save In every way. ,
OUR SCHOOL IS LIKE A FAMILY, with careful regulations to proteet
the character and reputation of the young people. ,Our students come frost
the beat famtllea and are earnest to do well and Improve. For any who may
be alck the College provides doctor and nurse without extra charge.
I All exeept those with parents In Berea live In Collet buildings, ani
assist in work of boarding hall, farm and shops, receiving valuable trala-
Ing. and getting pay according to the value of their labor. Except In win.
ter It Is expected that all will have a ohance to earn a part of their e
penaes. Writ to the Secretary before coming to secure employment
PERSONAL EXPEN8E8 for clothing, laundry, postage, books, ate, vary
with different people. Berea favors plain clothing. Our climate is the beat
but at studenta must attend classes regardless of the weather, warm wrapa
and anderolo'thlng, umbrellas and overshoes are necessary. The Co-operative
Store furnishes books, toilet articles, work uniforms, ambrellas an4
other neoesaary artloles at coat
LIVINQ EXPENSES are really below coat The College asks no rat
for the One buildings In which students live, charging only enough room
rent to pay for cleaning, repalra, fuel, lights, and waahlng of bedding an4
towels. For table board, without coffee or extras, $1.85 a week. In the fatL
and tl.EO In winter. For furnished room, with fuel, lights, waahlng of bed.
ding, 40 to 60 centa for each paraon.
SCHOOL FEES are two. First a "Dollar Deposit" as guarantee for
return of room key, library books, etc. Thla la paid but once, and la returnee!
when the student departs.
Becond an "Incidental Fee" to help on expenses for care of school trolM
lngs, hospital, library, etc. (Students pay nothing for tuition or sf-rrlcee at
teachers all our Instruction la a free gift). The Incidental Fee for meal
atudenta Is JE.00 a term. $1.00 a Academy and Normal, and ST.00 la OoBa
PAYMENT MUST BE IN ADVANCE, Incidental fee aad
the term, board by the halt term. Installments are aa followsi
Incidental Fee .
Board, 7 weeks
Amount due Sept. II. 1)11
Hoard. 7 weeks, due Oct. v 1111
Total for term
If paid In mlvnnre
. . .
Board, 6 weeks
Amount due January I.
Board for 6 weela. due Feb. it, 191 ,
Total for term . .
If paid In mdTanre
Incidental Fee .
Room . .
Board. 3 weeks .
Amount due March 6. 1913
Board s weeks, due Apr. 30. 191
Total for term
If paid In advance.
Special Expenses Business.
Stenography and Typewriting
Uookkccpinz (regular courte)
Bookkeeping brief couraet
Uusineaa courte atudle for a(udcnta In
Typewriting, with one hour's uae
Commercial I jaw. Commercial
raphy. Commercial Arithmetic or
Penmtnahlp. each 1.10 1.80 150 540
In no rate will apm-ial Buaineas Feet eiceed I15.00 per term.
Hurry! Fall Term Began Sept. 11th
Any it'll i-bJ.lljtl young mini or young woman can get an education at
Herua If there Is the will to do ho
It Is n great advantage to start In the fall and have a full year of
i continuous study. Mtny young people waste time In tlio public schools
' going over anil over Urn sumo thlngx, wlmn thy might be Improving
inucli tauter ny coining to Hrea and
Bomo of the hivtt young mn and women from other counties and states.
Applicant must uring or smut a
Organ, Voice Culture, Piano, Theory
la connection with werk la any of Us)
roeea raart lay
VOCATION!. AND ACADEMY
FOUNDATION SCHOOLS AND NORMAL
t t oo
f M IO
I 7 "
1 14 50
. 14 00
starting In on new turtles with
testimonial snowing that they aro