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title: 'The citizen. (Berea, Ky.) 1899-1958, October 24, 1912, Page PAGE SEVEN, Image 7',
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1 tOL i MS&J& JBUPiH
October 24, 1912.
SEED POTATOES SHOULD BE CARE
FULLY SELECTED IN THE FALL
Next Years' Crop Can Be Greatly Increased By Properly
Selecting and Storing the Seed Potatoes Are a
Valuable Crop For This State
(A. L. Dtey, Associate Horticulturist,
Selected Seed Potatoes
a .nr.n.. i n. 1.. 1 1 n. ......
Cnlisilfl. Urnt Vlrelnln nrniliirixt. In
1I09, from 13,621 acres, I.077.OC6 busli-.
els of potatoes, an average yield of
05.7 bushels per aero. Tho total valuo
of tho crop was 2,27S.C3S, tho avcraso
fB3tC. In total alue. the crop was
exceeded by corn, lift, timothy alone
and timothy and clover. In avorago
valuo pr aero the potato crop ranked
second, being nxceeded by tohscco
alono. It was followed by the above-
mentioned crops, ns follows: Corn,
17.01 per Bern: wheat, $12.S0; liny
ttid forage, $10.87. Trom thwe figures
It will be seen that tlio potato crop
lit ono of the most Important grown
Lyour farmers, and anything that will
holp to Increase tho average yMd per,
aero should bo of Interest to them.
Our corn growers are rapidly nwak-
enlng to tho fact that It pays to select !
rnd grade their cd corn and to test;
its vitality before Ranting Very little
mention Is given to tho Improvement
... ,rn sv ..,... r mB. !
" ' ww ' 1
although equally gatlf)Hng results may j
tut hnlfWIv. itnrlv nnd rlirmitlv nlttntn-
ed wiih tjio latur crop If caVeful at-'
tcntlon Is given to tho selectjon and
htorags of the stock ned for pianMng.j
Any ono who has dug potatoes by 1
hand can not have failed to notice a
great variation In tho yields of the dif
ferent hills. Tho usual method ot se
lecting tho potatoes for planting from
tho bin falls to tako this fuct Into con
sideration. Kvcn though -tho grower
may choso only thoso tubers that aro
smooth, typical In shape, and of mar
ketable size, ho has no way of know
ing whether n tuber answering this
description was ono of soveral Mmllar
ones from a high yielding hill or tho
only desirable "ne from a low yielding
hill. The method known as "hill se
lection" overcomes this weakness and
A Good Hill of Potatoes.
Is tho ono best adapted to tho avorago
potato grower's conditions. It may bo
briefly described as follows:
At digging tlmo a portion of nil ot
the crop (depending upon Its slzo) Is
,1.t. tiv tmn.l ttm nnnflnnt nf efiell
tolng placed' by Itself on tho ground
nearby. A general view of tho Hold'
after digging will enable tlio grower i clno or ten quarts ot boiled water nnd
to quickly decldo upon a certain stand- rtlr vigorously for fifteen minutes,
ord to which thoso hills that aro to bo This solution should be put Into a
saved for sood must conform. Tor stono Jar and tho eggs put Into It,
oxamplo, tho standard may bo thoeo Thoro must bo Hlilllclent solution to
hills which contain at least four or flvo cover tho eggs. The Jar should then
uniform, typically shapod tubers ot te covered and set In n cold, dark rel
marketable slzo, with tow, If any, Jar nnd not disturbed except when tho
small ones. Having decided upon tho eggs aro removed for uso.
standard or selection, ns many niiis wiuio eggs preserved In this way
coming up to tho standard ns may bo'ioso somo of their flavor for table uso,
reixlnn nhnll ll llO n eked and rOSOrved hv urn ereollnnt for ennfclnr. nr.
standard of selection, ns many hills'
for planting mo next years crop, i.io
bamo process should bo repeated with
each succeeding crop.
Department ot Agriculture
case of a Michigan man who
the abovo method of selec
tlon. Ot tho potatoes grown In tho
flold tho first year, only 1G hills out
of every 100 equaled his standard ot
tlx or moro smooth tubers of mer
chantable size and no culls per hill.
As a result ot five years' ooloctlon, 70
West Virginia Experiment 8tatlon.)
In Storage Rack.
... . ...
"i o' every iuu uiis wcro lounu to
i'min im in aruml ,nl Tim vinlilu
on this farm were about double tliosj '"'l'onnnt in making good buttur.
on tho ordinary farm in thu same lo-j jit farm houses havo sloping
cn,lt'- 'n"a instance shows tlio Ios-! grouuj cttr ,y fli,ro ft cave cuu ho
J"'""'. r "'""""'"S io yield with niaJo at VQry 8ma ospcllBCt Kvni
AnerLvU.J.oKho.oe.l.toek," tho '8 T", U "
, mportJ,ut tlmt ,t ,houW bo k(.ptJot much moro work to dig down a
condition, timt Is, clean, hard. Illaco 10x12 tctt aljout JtIlrco rt- ,let,P'
plump and unsproutett, until planting nnd uso tbo dirt to bank up around
time. A place whore the potatoes can 1 tho sides. A building that will last
be kept uiiiforriiJy at a temperature of
from 31 to 40 degrees Is most desir
able. This may be a cellar under a
barn or irflwr outbuilding, or undqr
tho dwelling. If proper means for re
ututlliK the temperature nro supplied.
Our hillsides afford excellent oppor-'
tUtlltleS for till Cntlftlrlirtlnn nf itfnr.
a!e twmtt or ,ho ,lo,atoos mny i,oll0ck (aIU, not ono farm out ot ten
buried i pits on a w.-lldralned .pot',1M onoush barn aud Uea j,,,,, a
en the north sldo ot a hill or building. fuw (, work w, s , thlg nm
II ono Is uvallnblo, .cold ittonigo plant 1
' utilized with good results. , to tho woods and cut 8 big
l "n that tho tubers W or U feet long with a fork
" not a,,owwl t( tarm sprouts, which at tho top and at least a foot In
b. rw"101 be'0,r1 they can bo , diameter at tho bottom. They should
Ptan.1'. for . uch "Prrfuilni! Is a dls-, bo locust or chestnut If you havo
tmot injury to seed stock.
Tne mi)crlorly cin,ned for north-
r..-.. i i..
Mmauy du. ,0"
condition of the northern seed nt plant-,
Ing tlm. There seems to be no valid
roason for our growers sending out of ,
Hie stnto for their sood potatoes, for !
on the higher nltltudes of the state, In
such counties as Preston. I'ocnhontas way so that good strong pojes can
and others, seed stock may lie grown bo strung lengthwise of tho shed,
that will glvo practically as good ro-ono Bet 0I1 tll0 froIlt al,a nnotller on
rullr.M shown by roront tests, as will tUo back of t Th or
that obtained from the North. ,. , , , ,, .
Thi, i.ri..f nm,. ..f v- f lnunllcr poles can bo laid across from
creasing tho profit to bo derived from 11,0 lronl 10 1110 uacK 8mnB or "eavy
the potato crop Is presented with tho'P'M- If 'ou thrash wheat or oats, al-
hope that It may Induce some of our ' -
f.irtnnrs tn linr-ln nl .!lfilnt limn thla '
fall tho moro careful selections of po-i
Inlnn. fnr ,...,) nnrnn.o. If -n.. nr.l
Interested In Increasing your output
of tills important crop, write to the
Director of tho West Virginia Agricul
tural Kxperimcnt Station, Morgan
town, V. Va., for the latest bulletin on
Potato Culture, which will bo sent freo
jn board, stretching slightly, nnd draw
Our ancestors, not knowing tho a Hue with a soft pencil lengthwise
cause of tho decomposition of eggs, ' through the middle of the strip. At
I'sed to pack them In oats, bran or , Intervals of about three Inches make
rait and set them In tho cellar. Of t cross lines, numbering tho spaces
course, this method was of somo i where tho kernels nro to be placed In
value, but 'not a great success. After-' some regular order. After numbering
wnrds It was found better to coat tho moisten the cloth. Then take six kcr
egg's shell with clean vaseline and nels from ear No. 1, two each trom
wrap each egg In a clear paper beforo iiear the tip, the center nnd the butt
placing tho egg Into the oats or bran, and from both hides of tbo car, and
Of more recent years a solution of
limo and water lias neon used, but it
did not prove very satisfactory. To-
day two methods aro practiced that
aro proving fairly satisfactory. Tho
' . . .
one Is to keep tlio eggs In cold stor-
ago and tho other Is to preserve them
In water glass (sodium slllcato).
Tho keeping of eggs In water glass
has proven n great success and can bo
dono In any homo with but llttlo tro li
Mo nnd oxpenso. Tho water glass can
lm l.mii-f.t nt n ilnic slnrA In lliiil.l
form, nt about 35. cents per' quart. To
every quart of water glass add about
Whllo eggs preserved In this way
. v . w. - r
p0gCs, and nro a source ot economy
m tho home. Certain changes In tho
laws governing cold storage of foods
by commercial companies and Increase
the price of eggs during tho winter.
will It not be advisable to preserve
eggs this year? It you aro thinking
of doing" It. begin at once. -ACmiCUIiTURAli
VISION. College ot Agriculture, Morgantown
Conducted by FRANK S. MONTGOMERY, M.S.
Instructor in Animal Husbandry, and Special Investigator
Storing Fruit and Vegetables
Every farmer should havo a cellar
or cavo, and all tho tnoro It ho has
no spring houso to keep nil lk and hut
tor In. Thcro Is prohahly nothing a
farmer can do with as llttlo expenso
that will holp more In keeping down
tho high cost of living than to provldo
his wlfo with a building of Uils kind
and then sou to it that she has plen
ty to flllit.
Without proper under-ground stor
age It Is Impractical to keep canned
I fruit and vegetables thru tho winter
I and many pcoplo on tho (arms go to
I tho storo and buy canned goods'. Tho
money spent In this way alono In
two or three winters would moro than
pay for a cavo. Then too tho Vege
tables, apples, and potatoes for uao
till February can bo stored hero nnd
avoid tho troublo of holing up so
many, nnd thou having to go out and
dig up tho frozen ground to get them.
Caro must be taken of course to go
over tho supplies frequently and port
out all that Is decaylug In order to
keen tlin ntr Swept nnd nuro. nnd
then milk nnd butter ns well as i-kes
can bo keut hero at nn even and
; . , - ..,.,. . .,.
tllUUVI UlU b(.UIVvlUkUIV M ill 1,1 1 JO
Stock will coma thru tho
nicely on much less feed If
havo ;ood shelter. If your barn la
'tint Inrni nmtiit.li tn ulwtltnf nil tli.
them. Haul them to a south slotting
hlllsldo where you can get tho winter
racl"B B0UtllHa''d. Alth S posts It
can bo 10x30 toct. by setting them
10 feet apart. Tho posts should bc-
8t,t at least 3 feet In tho ground. They
should bo set with forks all tho same
THE RAG D0LL rESTER-
If 0110 IlllS to test SW'll COfH Oil SllOrt
notlco nnd does uot have a box tester
ou build, the "rug doll" tester U n very
convenient olio to use and luexpen
she ns well. In testing corn by this
method tlrst get n good quality of
sheeting or cotton tliiunel of light
weight, the ntnomit required depend
ing upon thu amount of com to bo
tested. This should bo cut In strips
about nine inches wide. Tuck these to
put them on square No. 1, germ sldo
",m u" T"" . Tl"
Maori rnn Ita mir nf n lonirth m test
. . 7 " ,
fm n ! ze,n ," m' cars'
?lros-, Wh,ta ,e cnrs llnay,bo kcpt
ro,n ou ns B'ven mher ,n n row'
trin ti-rltnr hn fiiiitnl n verv enliven.
, . " ' , .. , '
i lent marker to be n small piece of
cardboard or pasteboard bearing the
number and stuck to tbo car by an
eight penny nail run Into the pith at
the butt When the kernels nre nil In
placo u little wisp of hay or straw
should be caught In the "end for n core
nml cloth curefully rolled up. To
lirovldo or 1,8 V' UmrM f0r..U:
spaces should not como closer than
Ave or six Inches to tho ends of tbo
strips. When rolled up cords should
bo tied around tho ends of tho "rag
doll." When kernels from all ears
to bo tested Imvo been secured and
tho cloths rolled up they should bo
soaked In tepid water from eighteen
to twenty-four hours. This should
then be placed In u box covered with
." Vea f enrih or wnV.
" t and m I, nn i fir
UU8t nUU hePl luols " or
about six days, at the end of which
. . ' . , ...,:,.
t!!! "rna doll" t est or ha a n'u n d va n t a co
J Ly f tester S tlmt u
cnrbi SJZ 'to'lces'wtro
" "e ' lm uaaMttl
"P "?rmV'Catlon tin th. br ester
cr germination than the box tester.
You may think your head Is level.
But no matter what you think,
You aro voting for tho dovll
When you voto to license drink.
a llfo tlmo can bo mado of 8 to no or
concrete and, If ono can at all sparo
tho money for tho extra cost, it Is
well to do It, In many places a cavo
can bo cut right out of the slato or
soap stono rock In tho sldo of tho
hill and then will bo a natural stono
floor and very llttlo walling will bo
necessary, A good root should bo
put on and boards should bo nailed
closo together on tho undersldo of
tho ratters to prevent freezing In
very cold weather.
A cavo can bo mado at much less
expenso that will last several
years by walling It up with good oak
plank. Many uso plank for root and
cover It wltli 8 or 10 Inches ot
Provision should always bo mado
for drainage. If your hill Is not steep
enough to allow dralnago right out
to tlio surfaco ot tho ground at tho
front of tho cavo, a Ulo or plank dral
should lead out from tho lowest placo
In tho floor.
! A cavo w"' Pay f" 't8t?"
or two summers by tho lucreased
, valuo of milk and butter and bv l.av-
ing a cool placo to storo eggs till
they aro marketed. You will get at
least 23 per cent moro cream from
yur milk by keeping It on tho cool
floor of tho cavo or cellar. Nearly ns
nlco yellow butter can bo mado this
way In summer as In winter, and it
will keel) nicely several days If It Is
not convenient to market It when
ways count on. covering and sldo wall
ing this shed with tho straw. If you
don't thrash any grain, cover it with !
a stack of corn fodder. The north
sldo and the east and west ends )
can be mado to keep all cold winds
out by spiking poles or boards, on,
rather c1oh togethtr, and then set
ting corn fodder up all around. A llt
tlo fencing will keep stock nway from
UiU fodder on tho outside. Tho fod
der can bo gradually fed trom roof
and sides during 'March and by tho
balmy April days tho stock don't
need much shelter and tho fodder Is
all fed out. But tho frame work Is.
for tho next ten winters to come.
Mangers can bo built along the
back wall of tho shed to feed
and fodder In, bo as to wasto
Another great advantage In this
kind ot a shed Is that you save
practically all tho manure; and this
Is a matter to which every careful
now giving bis strictest
LIVE STOCK NOTES.
If a horse sweats easily take
particular pains uot to let him
stand out In a draft or drink too
It rests n horse greatly to have
Jlie harness slipped off while tnk
lug the nooning. Then he will
-.vl more nt ici-mro and so take
more comfort eating.
A hot sweat collar Is npt to
soften the shoulders of a horse
If you do not look out. Perspira
tion nnd beat sonld the flesh. Uy
our attempt at kindness we may
do our horso much harm.
There Is no animal on tbo farm
tbnt turtis a larger protlt In pro
portion to the money invested
than a sheep.
Blood tells with sheep as well
g ns wjtu everything else.
The wise sheep owner will nev
er allow n setback In tbo growth
of the lambs.
Teach the lambs as early as
posslblo to eat grain In a lamb
creep to fit them for tho early
80IL AND FRUIT.
A common mistake In the selectlou
of a Blto for the apple orchard tract,
large or small. Is that of choosing n
soil that Is too rich; that will cause
abundant growth of wood, but mighty
llttlo fruit In the valley In which tho
writer's ranch Is located Is an or
chard of muture apple trees, as pretty
' " B'Bul ,roul 1110 siuiiupo.ni oi lounge
ns 01,0 eouW U8ls to sec, which bus
l,,tey b felled becauso It did not
deI,vcr 4,10 K00'1"- 'rUe tract Is fat.
rich and well watered. Within gun
shot ot this tract Is n block of winter
NoIls Pr trees of tbo samo ago that
"vcral years past have grossed
their owner closo to a thousand dol-
tors per ucre. Never was moro em-
PhMcolly demonstrated tho fuct that
80,1 cun bo 100 rlc" for ale but
t 'r pears. Within a mile of these
PPa iKe- oa lulnnt'r
"sbtcr Braultlc bo1Is' ,bo n,le
trees bear proliUcally to the point of
Men who say they can quit drink
ing generally quit beforo they want
Five Great Schools Under One Management
FOR THE ASPIRING YOUNG PEOPLE OF
What Are Your Talents 7
What Are Your Aims?
Berca Hat the Training That ! Best Fer YOU.
Ar you not far advanced? Than nUr the
FOUNDATION SCHOOL, Thos. A. Edwards, Suptrlnttndtnl Ilsrs JTJ
will be placed with others Ilk yourself, under a special tsachtr, nd mike
most rapid progress. You will master Arithmetic and the eommo
branches and be ready to use them. You will have tlnglnf, drawing, farm
and household management, and free text-books. On year la th Iouar
datlon School costsdeis than (90 and Is worth 11,000.
Ar you aiming to be a teacher? Then Join th
NORMAL SCHOOL, John Wirt Dlnsmore, Dean. Her yon will b M
trained that you will fear no examination, and you will be taught hew te
teach. Th demand for Berea trained teachers far exceeds th supply,
Are you Interested In earning 'money?
THE VOCATIONAL SCHOOLS, Miles E. Marsh, Dean.
Mountain Agriculture. Home Science.
Woodwork and Carpentry. Nursing.
Printing and Book-Binding. Business Course, Eta.
Hera you soon double your earning power, and learn to enjoy doiafl
things In a superior manner.
Are you desiring th next best thing to a College Course! Then tako
two years or three years in th
GENERAL ACADEMY COURSE, Francis E. Matheny, Dean. Tw
years, or three years, tn such practical studies as will fit you tor an honor
able and useful life. You select your studios trom such as these! Physi
ology the science of health; Civics the science ot government; Grammar
th art of correct speech and letter-writing; Ethics the science of right
and wrong; History necessary for politics, law and general Intelligence!
Uotany necessary for the doctor nnd Interesting to every lady; Physics
th science of machinery; Drawing, Bookkeeping, etc., etc.
Do you wish to prepare to enter College? Start In the
BEREA ACADEMY PREPARATORY COURSES, Francl E. Matheny,
Dean. Dest training In Mathematics, Languages, Science and History. The
Academy has Its own class-rooms and Men's Dormitory, and a large body
ot atudents ot high character and ability, abl Instructors, and us ot Gol
leg Library and apparatus.
REV. CHAS. F. HUBBARD, D. D., Dean
Tlio College Itself stands npart from nil tlio otlior school under Its
iimiiiiKemeiit and lias long maintained the highest ntnmlnnlN known in tlio
South. To conform to tho Carnegie standards wo luivo dlmiiiMied our for
mer requirements! Hequlred and electlvestudieH with opportunity to con
contrnto In particular lines. Largest college library in Kentucky. Labor
atorii s equipped for student practice. Courses lending to tho degrees of
A. II. S H. L., nnd II. Ped.
MUSIC (8lngTng Free). Reed Organ, Vole Culture, Piano, Theory,
Band, may be taken for special fees In oonntotlon with work In any of the
Berea, Friend of Working Students. Berea College, with It affiliate
schools, is not a money-making Institution. It requires certain fees, but
It expends many thousands jot dollars each year for the benefit of Hs stu
dents, giving highest advantages t lowest cost, and arranging for student
to earn and sav In every way.
OUR SCHOOL IS LIKE A FAMILY, with careful regulations to proteet
th character and refutation of th young people. .Our students com froa
th best families and ar earnest to do well and lmyVove. For any who may
be sick th Colleg provides doctor and nurse without extra charge.
All except those with parents In Berea live In College buildings, and
assist In work of hoarding hall, farm and shops, receiving valuable trala
lng, and gttlng pay according to th value of their labor. Except In win
ter it Is xpected that all will hav a ehanc to arn a part of thIr
pens. Writ to th Secretary hfor coming to secur employment
PERSONAL EXPENSES for clothing, laundry, postag, books, to., vary
with different people. Berea favors plain clothing. Our cllmat is th best,
but as students must attend classes regardless ot th weather, warm wrap)
and underolo'thlng, umbrellas and ovrshos ar necessary. Th Co-operative
Stor furnishes books, toilet articles, work uniforms, umbrellas an4
other necesiary artlolas A cost.
LIVING EXPENSES ar really below cost. Th Colleg asks no rat
for th fine buildings In which students live, charging only enough mom
rent to pay for cleaning, repairs, fuel, lights, and washing of bedding an4
towels.. For table board, without coffee or extras, $1.35 a wk, In th faO
and I1.B0 l.n winter. For furnished room, with fuL lights, washing of bV
ding. 40 to 60 cents for each person.
SCHOOL FEES ar two. First a "Dollar Deposit," a gnarant fer
return of room key, library books, eto. This Is paid but onci , and la return,
when th student departs.
Second an "Incidental Fee" to help on expenses for care of school troll
lngs, hospital, library, tc (Students pay nothing for tuition or sonde ef
teaohers all our Instruction Is a free gift). The Incidental Fe for meet
tudents Is $5.00 a term, $4.00 la Academy and Normal, and IT.00 la Colle
PAYMENT MUST BE IN ADVANCE, Incidental fee and room rest BT
th Urm. board by th halt term. Installments ar as follows!
VOCATIONAL AND ACADEMY
FOUNDATION SCHOOL ANDftOHMAL COLLEGE
Incidental Fee f 5.00 J 6 00 J 7-00
Room 5 60 7.00 7.00
Board, 7 wcrks 9 45 9-4S 9-45
Amount clue Sept. 11, 19H J1005 Jn.45 $'i 45 k
Hoard 7 week,, due Oct. jo, 191 J ... 943 943 9 4
Total for terra f 19 50 I31 90 llJ.90
UmliltualnnrH. . . . 'JU.OO :!!. 40 132.40
.Incidents! Pee 4 t S- I 6 00
Room 0.00 7.10 7.90.
Board, 6 weeks 9.00 9.00 9 00
Amount due January 1, 191) ..... fjo.oo fii.ao 3 o
Hoard for 6 weeks, due Feb. ij, 191J . 9.00 9.00 . 9 00
Total for term f 9 tli-o .
If imlillimilvnnce. . . . S2M.0O 30.70 'Sal. TO
Incidental Fee I5 00 (6.00 1 7-o
Room 400 5 00 5 00
Board, 3 weeki 6.74 6.73 6.73
Amount due March J6, 1913 f i75 l 7-75 l'8-73
Board 3 weeka, due Apr. jo, 191 j . . . 6.73 6.73 (.73
Total for term . fit so I J4 jo tS-
lfpnt.l lit udvHnce. . . . Jl!.(iO Sa.OO SJJS.00
Special Expenses Business.
Fall 11'inlir Sn'nf Total
Stenography aud Typewriting f 14 00 J1100 fio.00 fit 00
Bookkeeping (regular cuimc) . 14- -o loco jioo
Bookkeeping Ibrief course) 7.00 6.00 3.00 18.00
Business course studies for students lu
Stenojitaphy 10.30 900 7.30 97.00
Typewriting, with one hour's use
of Instrument 7.00 6.00 3 00 iS 00
Com. I.aw, Com. Geog., Cora,, Arlth., or
reumanshlp. each a.lo I. So 1.50 3 40
In 110 case will special Business Fees eiceH (13.00 per term.
Tlii does uot include the dollar deposit, nor money for books or laundry.
Any ulilo-lxxlloil young innn or young woman can got nn education nt
Heron if tliuro Is tho will to do so.
It Is 11 grout iidvnntngo to start in the full mid havo iv full year ot
continuous study. Many young nooiilo wasto tlmo In tho public schools
going over nnd over the samo things, wlum tliey might be Improving
much taster by coming to Herea and stnrtlng In on now studios with
somo of tlio best young mnn aud women from other counties and states.
AiipIlciuitH must bring or send a testimonial show-lug that they aro
abovo IB years old, in good lienltli, and of gootl character. This may bo
signed by somo former Ilorea student or some reliable teacher or nolgli
bor. Tho use of tobacco Is strictly forbidden.
Hurry I Fall Term began September 11.
For information or friendly advice write to the Secretary,
D. WALTER MORTON, Berea, Ky.