Newspaper Page Text
November 7, 191a,
A family newspaper for all that It right,
true and Interesting;.
Itib11slinl evtty Thurxtujr t ncrrn, Kjr.
IbEA PUBLISHING CO
J. P. Faulkner, Editor and Manager.
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KUNTUCKY PRKSH ASSOCIATION.
Kor many years we have noted the
effects of certain diseases, or i'f
sirlous wounds upon different persons.
und always tho Individual of temp
crato habits has had much bettor
Show for recovery thnu tho intemper
ate. In fact, tho chances are decided
ly against tho typhoid or pneumonia
patient, or tho person seriously
wounded, who has been an habitual
drlukcr, and it Is well known that
Intemperance is conducive to certain
diseases, especially tho so-called de
The statement of Col. Roosevelt's
tthvRlnlnnn nn tlin mnrnlni? nftor tin
. - , .
sLienuld confirmation of thvse ob8erv J
Uons, and should bo heralded the
world over, that It may havo Its due
effect upon the young It Is as fol
"Wo find 'Mr. Roosevelt In magni
ficent physical condition, duo to his
regular physical exercise, nnd his
habitual abstinence from tobacco and
Of courso, It developed that Mr.
itbosevblt's wound did not touch any
vital part, but It was serious enpugh
iliat ho would havo been disabled for
a much longer Umo, if it had not
been for his splendid physical make
up, and his temperate habits.
This statement of his physicans
1b a refutation sufficient for all time,
it would seem, to tlu calumnies that
bo mo havo sought to heap upon him,
by charging that ho drinks heavily.
The Citizen ha3 never believed theso
charges, and, long before this state
ment, had seen them refuted suffi
ciently to know that they wero not
worthy of crcdenco.
Mr. Roosevelt Is a splendid example
of physical manhood, and it is good
to know that ho lav becauso he deter-
, . , , ,
niinod to be so, and that he has bu It
. , ' , ..
ui uia 011 vugiu uuju u uuiuiauy
fecblo constitution by exerclso nnd
and temperance. Thero could bo
no stronger argument ngainst intern
poranco and other vicious habits,
and at tho samo tlmo thero can bo
no moro telling appeal upon tho
young, who are Inclined to go astray,
and who think that It matters not
what they, do In youth.
Illlly. Hugh, a very common looking
itamo, but It belonged to a very un
common individual. Hilly Hugh was a
horo If there ever was one. "Creat
or lovo hath no man than this that
a man lay down his life for his
And such was tho love of Hilly
Hugh. A young girl whom ho had
nover seen would bavo died from
a. burn It somo ono had not given up
enough skin to graft over tho burn.
And it was Illlly Hugh that offered
to make tho sccrlflco.
it ts truo mat it was from a
withered leg, but tho sacrlflco was
none tho less great slnco ho for
feited his life ln making It, tho leg
having to bo amputated which rc-
suitoa in mo ueatn.
' Hilly Hugh was a Gary, Ind., news
','boy, and, owing to tho fact that ho
diad always boon a crlpplo, his strug
filo had been doubly hard end his
fino spirit had chafed under IL "I
novor had a chance to be a hero"
ho cald, forgetful of tho fact that
his whole Ufa was a heroic one. And,
'Just beforo ho died, he exclaimed,
J"At least now they can't say I was
Jiovor no good to nobody."
j It was fitting that Gary gavo the
Jnowsboy a public funeral. It was fit
King that tho whole city turned out
ELhat tho public officials were In tho
io of march, the pollco department
. d tho school children, and that
iioighborlng cities should contribute
their quota to the demonstration in his
hooor. And It Is fitting that tho Dame
of Hilly Hugh bo heralded wherever
there' Is a newspaper and that his
etory bo told tho world ocr.
REAL BURIED TREASURE
In tho current Issue of Knrm mid
Fircsldo npiicara nn account of tho
financial saving produced by Bod
roads. Following Is nn extract:
'Thero are more than SOO.000,000
tons of farm products hauled over
tho roads of tho United States every
year. Tho avorago distance tho
I mean of tho great and tho L'ust
2? I from farm to market, Is 0.1 miles.
Thn nverni:o cost of hauling In tho
' tttiltccl States Is from twenty-threo
! to twcnty-flVO cents per toll per mile
avorago cost on tho good roads
only of this country Is from ten to
u-eivo cents por mllo.
.Multiply 0.1 (average distance)
hy twontythreo cents (nverngo cost
per ton per mile) by 200,000,000 (min
imum tonnag6 hauled), and tho result
is the tidy sum of 432,400,000 spent
jenry in hauling by tho farmers of
this country. It tho cost of hauling
wero cut In half, they would save
$216,200,00, which wouuld build nearly
100.000 miles of" good roads, all by
"Plcnso nolo carefully that the
average cost of hauling Is moro than
cut In half on tho good roads of
this country. When Captain Kldd
burled treasure, ho had gold and pre
cious stonco, Jewels and money, ob-
,...' i 1 1 nn.t ......... r I
"Look onco more nt these ptctures,
then at your own road. Remember,
roads do not bnild themselves. They
do pay for themselves when built,
but somo man has to finance nnd
build them first. What are you going
to do about your sharo of hurled
money? Do you answer?"
WHAT GOOD ROADS MEAN TO A
First, they mean a decreased cx-
l'ensw ,n haullnS 1,roduco to market
.1 lln ..nn.li Itnnwv fautn imi-n
and In getting goods homo from town.
A farmer In Sullivan, Tennessee, In
190S had to haul barbed wire from
Klngsport to Bristol, a distance of
twenty-flvo miles. Ho found that
with a two-horse team tho largest
,., . ... ., .. - ..,..,
" ' 4
aau mm uireo uays o ""-"'i
to make tho trip. To haul one ton,
therefore, took twelve days, which,
reckoned at thrco dollars a day for
man and team, iwas an expense of
thirty-six dollars, A bond Issue was
flnnllv mtiiln nml thn atrltl nf rnnil
over which ho had hauled tho wire
was improved so that tho same' team
can haul a ton to tho load and mako
tho round trip in two days, nt a cost
of six dollars. In Madison County,
Tennessee, beforo the roads were
Improved a bale of cotton was a load
for a team. Now tho same team can
haul ten bales to tho load in less
time. Figure it out
Second,' good roads Improve farm
values. A farmer In Leo County, Vlr-
glnia, owned a tract of one hundred
I n.ma tvlilM, tin nrfnrtwl fnr 41 KftA In
, ,. ,.,,,..,..
t1308 the road past his. farm was iiu-
, . , . ,, , . , , ,.
proved, and though he fought the im-
' . , . , . ...
I provement ho has since refused $3,-
1 000 for this place. On this same road
a tract Increased from $6,000 to $9,000
In valuo after tho Improvement of tho
Third, road Improvement-means b;t-
tcr access to schoofs and better
schools. It means tho facilitation cf .
.h -mi ,nti -rrvi t. now
.,. . . ,' .
..v.u.., ....u.j,wvu .u j.mD (
cy me conuiuon oi me roaus. ;i
also means a better nud more at-
tractivo country and a consequent
lessoning of tho cityward drift of ru-
ral population. Let us havo moro good
roads. They nro worth while.-South-
Somo fellows will be "good" fel
lows and that's why they never be
come old fellows.
In tho bloom of vouth no ornament
Is so lovely as that of virtue. John 'of
The man who never makes a mis
take Is the man who never does any
"lie who stands
And sees the mighty vehicle
Dragged through tho mire to some
And makes not such bravo protest
as ho can, ,
is no American,"
Not what wo give, but what
For tho gift without ths giver
Is bare. Lowell,
, , , ,L
The moro virtuous a man la the
more virtue ho sees ln others.-Slr tal valuation of only 19,313,270, whera
Walter ScotL as tho street railway company of tha
"Good, better, best;
Never, never rest,
Tlll your goo& la better
And your better's boat"
Can Be Saved To
By The Appoint
ment Of Adequate
Justus Goebel Makes
Strong Appeal for Pro
tection To People's In
In Open Letter He Asks That
Lawyers Known To Be
Loyal To the Cause Of the
People and Free From Cor
poration Taint be Employed
In the Suits Against Tax
Frankfort nnd Covington, Ky.,
October 31st, 1912.
I To Ills Excellency, Governor James I)
I McCrcary; to all Administrative and
Legislative officers of tho Stnto and
to all citizens of tho Commonwealth
who are Interested In equal and'unl
"Tell my friends to bo bravo and
fearless and loyal to tho great com'
These last words of my assassinated
brother, William Goebel, havo a sacred
sigmncanco 10. me nna wuen in bcp-
-'mUer' 133' again commenced to
. tak an-actlvo Interest In our State's
.affairs, It was not to gain political fa
, vor. for there Is no odlco I would
havo; but It was with hope and con
fldonco that my work would, during
the administration of the present stato
officers, open up an opportunity for
Kentucky to take up William Goebol's
work where the assassin's bullet had
.i0'"'''1. a"a ,n h" velvel'
department of our government would
give thereto by voice and action most
positive, vigorous and loyal support.
Relief Must Come.
Necessity for action In tho interest
of the people has grown as years havo
passed until It has developed Into what
Is to-day a crying shame and from
which relief must come.
Too long, altogether too long, has
thero been uujist discrimination
against the people, unjust and burden-
Eome taxation upon the people, as
compared with what has been required
to be paid by tho big corporations of
our State, Corporation lawyers have
boastlngly said tho death of William
Goebel was a benefit to tho corpora
tions. If this was true, tho question
8( now much ongcr Bl)all tho pcople
ho held ln bondage becauso of his
God knows tho corporations now
eulng tho Stato havo been ablo to pro-
c"ro an? ,tl10 w?rd procure Is used
ndvlsedly) Immunity long enough from
paylng.thelr Just sharo of tho taxes.
A j,umrcd ,niuon douar ncreag0
ln Ul0 vaiue of corporation property
for taxation opens a new era In the
Stato's affairs, and has awakened tho
Peoplp, and brought them to a rcallza
tlon 01 wnat has Dccn dono to thorn,
?nd ,hcrf WJJJ be a furtuer awaken-
lne' wh ch wHI corr.cct abuse5 ecua,,Jr
'ns great as unequal taxation. A true
awakening of tho people has come.
and henceforth every man who would
hold odlco must be a progressive, and
no Imitation will satisfy them; they
win sweep aside and Into oblivion as
old chaff any man who hesitates or
dares stand In the wav nf hntlormnnt
conditions nnd Improvement ln ov-
ery way for tho wholo people,
No one doubts, had William Goe
bel been permitted to live, that which
was done last month by tho Hoard of
Valuation and Ascssmcnt would havo
been done more than a docado ago.
and to-day, 'Ins toad of tho largo cor
porations fighting In the courts and
by sinister methods, endeavoring to
perpetuate unjust and unoqual taxa-
tlon, to tbrottlo the action of this
State Taxing Hoard, the first to act ful
ly In the Interest of the people, they
would long ago have been paying Into
the State, county and city treasuries
their Just proportion of taxes.
It Is very evident that ln Ken
tucky, as In other States, big corpora-
tlons will nevor pay a cent moro of
taxes than they are made to pay.
Take tho case of tho C. & O. It. R.
In 1911 this road, on Its entire syt-
tom , Kentucky, nald Uxe. on a to.
city of Louisville was made to pay on
a valuation of $10,800,000, Tha 0. ft
Ita n ,n 1901 Pald taxes on a fran-
chlsa valuation of only $2,171,180, and
111 1,11 on Ta,uUon ot onl
JUSTUS GOEBEL. GOV. J. O. M'CREARY.
Kentucky Delegates From State at Large to DEMOCRATIC NATIONAL
CONVENINON, BALTIMORE, JUNE, 1912.
ir.n ii. t ..v , .i.-i.
inf ...... ,( .i,ni,i t, io?n:in
Tho C N O & T I It It In 1901
paid taxes on a franchise valuation
of only 13.110,197, nnd In 1911 on a
valuation of only $3,559,320. whereas
the Hoard found their 1912 assessment
should be $10,C74.200. The I. C. In
1901 nald taxes on a franchlso valua-
tlon ol only $1,989,870, nnd In 1911 on
a valuation of only $t,510,3.'O. where-
as tho Hoard found their 1912 assess-
ment should bo $14,746,857. Tho L. &
N. il. It. In 1901 paid taxes on a fran-
chlso valuation of only. $6,504,879. and t no naEnmtue or mis nght ana nnx
In 1911 on a valuation of only $11.- to win ouL not alono from n flnan
899,200. whereas the Hoard found claI tondpolnt, but to prevent the
their 1912 assessment should bo $15.-1 frcat, I)ublIc denouncement that Is
' ! tinting tn I- 0 n
The. Covington companies in tho
past paid as little, proportionately, as
did most of tho nbovo mentioned com -
tianlps. nnd wlthimr oimntlnn nil
ihean enmiunlM nml thn two nthir
suing wanted tho samo assessments ' ln tnelr combined capitalization of ap
for 1912 that they had In 1911. Tho ' proxlmatolJr ono blllloD dollars.
Hoard of Valuation and Asses3mcnt 1 MatUr L , Mndi
based their 1912 assessments on con-,
vlncing proof of values placed beforo
them, nnd tho assessments aro unl-"
formly Just and fair, and of tho more
than four hundred corporations as-
sessed, only seven havo protested In
the courts, and these aro among those
that have always proportionately paid
In tho last twelve years tho Stnto.
counties nml rltli havn lipon rnlilioil.
nnd the word robbed is tho only word
that fits the case, of moro than ten mil-
lion dollars In taxes.
In tho years from 1902 to 1911, In-1
elusive, a period of ten years, thero
has been an avorago incrcaso In tho
franchise assessments of tho four larg-1
est railroads of tho Stato of only 11
per cent yearly, and this almost un-
believable record of astonishingly . Light, Heat and Power Company; Max
small Increases was made ln tho ten well, Ramsey & Graydon, of Cincinnati,
best years for earnings that tho rail- for tho Adams Express Company and
roads of this country ever saw.
Tho picture hero presented of tho
previous Inadequate franchlso assess-
mcnts Is astounding, but when ono cx-
amines Into tho situation regarding tho
tangible assessments mado by Rail-
road Commissions of tho properties of
Ix of tho corporations now suing tho
State, tho word "astounding" Is inade-
quate and must bo hero supplanted by
tne woru uumrounuing to stato more
correctly what tho tanlgblo assess-
ment picture actually presents.
WnrV i. n.i,u. , n.,.
Take tho case of tho C. & O. R. R. nni) I'1" thrco assistants, the common
ami the records show that tho tanglblo wealth's legal force, as compared with
property of this company In 1892,
twenty years ago, was assessed at
$8,019,577. In 1911 notwithstanding
the extensions mado In mileage of ornpy generals olllco has a multl
r6ad, double tracking of n vast system, pHclty of cases and mattors of stato
acquiring much now real estate and
probably moro than doubling their that tho present situation comes In
equipment of engines and cars this tho nature of an emergency unf ore
company's tanglblo property was as- sccn nnJ unprecedented In tho stato's
sessed nt only $0,270,270, or 21 per history, the urgent necessity for tho
cent less than ln 1892, twenty years
In 1892 tho mnrkot price of O. & O.
stock was around 11 cents, and to-day
tho stock of this company Is selling
at 81.5 cents, and tho cnpltal stock
has been Increased to one hundred
million dollars. Furthor comment to
show that our stato has been lobbed
h unnccssary. The tangible property
of tho C, N. O. & T. P. n. R. wa as-
sessed In 1911 for Icsb than It was as-
sessed In 1900, and but little more than
ln 1890, notwithstanding tho great Im-
provements mado by tho company,
Tho other railroads havo been similar-
ly inaucquaioiy assessea on tneir tangi-
uie property tor many years.
in .May, jyiu, a prominont oiuciai of
ono of tho companies suing, stated that
the special, interests bad in years past
controlled the state's taxing boards,
and tho records apparently prove he
told the truth In that instance. He
aiso siaioa inai no wouia control me
present uoaru or valuation and as-
sessment, but ln this he has proven an
Board Acta For People.
To date the people have won, and thl
Board of Valuation and Assessment, Therefore, with such an Interest and
consisting of Henry M. Dosworth the knowledge that I have gain
chairman; Tom 8. Rhea and C. F e1 through my labors, I feel that I am
Crecol us. has finished Its work fot
1912. and, thank God, for once It hai PPeal, In the name ot ths 400,000 tax
actid ln the Intsrest of the people. Payers ot the state who furnish seven-
Until thl, year the Doard of Valua
tlon and Assessment, has been con-
trolled In the Interest of the big cor
rjoratlnni tiv anmn hnnV nr rmnV alth
er friendship, political favor rendered,
r he rendered, bribery or Intlml
' da,lop 1)111 never beforo has the stato,
c?u"",?r cll !"Tn Blon what It wai
r,ll,u,"r1 c"tMr t0-, ,
! , Tho, ch " ,mvo bF"n
JrouRht against the sta o must be
I ,ousnl ""' lal
lour,B' n,,u nro 01 v,lal imponanco m
?"r.p.opIe- Tlley lnvolvo ,or lno,,,ta,0
"f cu a"
taxlnK S23.39C, or a total,
'ttnnually. of $1,203,785.
.. T,, ""road companies, realizing
i lKJ -Jiur iu uiu nunc ui it i iw
0TV Jot the slate, nro calling up tho
"neriui array or legal talent that is
1 01 lnc,r command through tho power
Bna influence that comes or tho tre-
1 mondous amount of money represented
Among tho master legal mind, thnt
ro already engaged In preparing the
defonso of tho suing corporations aro
Trnbue, Dolnn & Cox, of Ioulavllle. for
'. tho Illinois Central llallrond Company:
Galvln & Galvln, of Cincinnati, for the"
Cincinnati. New Orleans & Texas l'a-,
, clfic Railroad Company: John T. Stifl-
! by & Son, of Lexington, for tho Chesa-1
1 POako & Ohio H.illrn.-iil rnhin.inv- rn
Henry L. Stone, Helm Ilrucc, C. II.
Moorman, It. A. Colston, of Louisville,
land Uronder & Ilrondcr, of Russell
vlllc, for the Loulsvillo & Nashville
, Railroad Company: Heckham & Mc-
Quown, of Frankfort, and Krust, Cna
salt At Cottle, of Cincinnati, for the
'. South Covington & Cincinnati StrcW
Railway Company and tho Union
for tho Southern Express Company.
In addition to this galaxy of legal
talent, the suing corporations have a
vast army of busy workers who novcr
appear In tho limelight or In tho court.
room, and they may bo described as '
research lawyers, accountant, and I
statisticians, who aro a mighty sun-l"
portlvo element to the men who will
present tho cases and mako the picas
Without detracting ono lota from
the splendid ability nnd known loyalty
!? the s,at0'8 Possessed by
U10 auomey general, James Garnett
Uiat 01 thn corporations, must see
Inadequate. Indeed; and when It Is
taken Into consideration that the at-
10 -,u,ly employ their attention, and
employment of other ablo lawyers as
a supportive forco to tho attorney gen
cral becomes quite apparent.
Ability, known loyalty to tho cause,
nna assured ireedom from corporation
taint Bhould bo tho gauge to govern
tho selection of attorneys to assist
10 tno defense of tho state's Intcrosts.
i.,. r.k.n .
Ju,tU Goebel Interest
My Interest In tho work JUBt com
plctcd by the board was. and Is. dlf-
fcrcnt from, nnd greater than, that of
any man In Kentucky or elsowhcre
oven though ho may have been con-
nectcd with the work. Lovo ot my
state anu lovo ror and memory ot my
assassinated brother, whose brain
worn constructed and whoso blood
stained tho statutes which mado it
possiuio to do what tho Hoard ot Valu
atlon and Assessment has Just com-
pieted, have compelled of me tho serv
Ice I have rendered In the mattor. and.
wunoui omciai duty resting on me, 1
nave given untiringly and almost con
stantly more than five months ot time,
energy and study to these assessment.
In tho Interest of the state and Its peo
ple, to me exclusion of every other
Interest business and personal.
quaunea, amply qualified, to make an
oi, mo revenue for the sta e't
COTarnaient, and who for many yean
haTC withstood tha burden of unequal
taxation, to tha administrative and
'',tira officers of the state to sup-
aw ma governor with unlimited
means for tho necessary defense of
the peoplo's Interest nnd cases.
j Thero nro men who havo snld n
plnccs thnt In tho employment of At
I tornny John L. Rich thn statu had gotta
rnr cnoiign, nut to stion mon I would
say, "Is your only Interest tho welfare
of tho people, and havo you proven
that thero Is no other Interest that ts
greater with you than tho people', in.
Every Citizen Interested.
Wo hnvo been, and arc, dealing In
thl, with n matter which Is vital to,
and affects tho conifnrts of every
homo, no matter how humble, and "m
pocketbook of every taxpayer In ths
commonwealth, bo ho laborer, me
chanic, farmer, merchant or of any
other rank or station. All havo tin .
Interest In what wo havo been fight.
Ing for moro nearly equal taxa' . i
and relief from corporation oppre.if.rjti
Tho question Is, shnll the cause it
our taxpayers bo defended nt tho bar
of Jusllco by an array of counsel of
the correct standard nnd In keepl
with the greatness and Importance of
theso cases, which Involve, not onu
ll.20S.785 Uils year, but million, up-n
millions In years to come, nnd If tho
assessments nro upheld, mean to th's
generation and generations yet unbj'n
In Kentucky, lesser tax to pay, and to
tho stato ndequato revenuo for overt
purposo of govemmont, economical
"Most respectfully yours,
Department of Berea College
(Tho Citizen is a specimen
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MANNER, AND AT LOWEST
Your patronage Is asked to help
self-supporting student,, and to Insure
your getting your monoy's worth.
CALL AT THE OFFICE OR SEND
ORDERS UT MAIL. YOU WILL QET
o.tar..r.-, ,.. ... .
Berea Printing School
BEREA, KY. ,
Houses to Rent
To tho who havo children to ado
cata and wish to reside In Berea for
a longer or shorter tlm to enjoy Its
tducatlonal advantages, tha Colltoi
number of houses, larg anl
mall, soma of them partly furnished,
to rent en reasonable terms. Address
THE COLLEGE TREASURER
Nurse Training School of
HAS BEST OPEIUTTNO ROOM
AND ALL MODERN APPLIANCE!
FOR CARE OF A LIMITED NUMBER
OP PATIENTS. HOSPITAL TREAT
MENT GREATLT INCREASES PRO
PECT8 OF" RECOVERT.
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THE BEREA HOSPITAL
MADE MORAL Nobody would
have known the Good Samar
itan's kind aot were It not for
Our Saviour's parable. Be the
home folks' Good Samaritan,
Mr. Merchant; make this pa
per your commercial bible;
write yeur own parable and
put It In eur advertising Ml