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UEREA COLLEGE E
HE I? E A KY
1E1LEA PUBLISHING CO.
J. P. FAULKNER, Manager
Itotertd at IV Piut nfflet at Hern, Ay. , n
rJM matt matter.
Knowledge Is power and the
way to keep up with modern
knowledge is to read a good
IDe-voted. to tlie Interests of tlie Mountain People
Five couts n copy.
BBKEA. MADISON COUNTY, KENTUCKY, JANUARY 30, 10115
Ono Dollar a year.
Owing to tho flnanclnl condition of
tho Btnto, there hna been a Kod deal
of dlHCURHlon of a Bpcclnl uesslon of
tho Legislature, ninny ncrH thru
out tho stato urging thu Govi-rnor .o
lssuo an early call.
Tho Governor has been practlcnlly
non-ctmmlttal. though It la under
Btood tii.it ho Is opposed to making
tho call and will not do bo unless It
A nuinlior ot 8tnto Senators hao
been recently Interviewed, and th.-y
monrly all oppose on extra bcchIoii,
giving as n general reason, that th'J
wholo Ux system of tho Stato would
havo to bo revised beforo arjy relief
could bo brought about; and tho ses
Blon Itself would plunge tho Stato at
The Cost of
Kentucky expended on her public
schools for tho year closing, June 30,
1912, $4,tG5,642.72, according to a
statement Rent out by Supt. Ham
lctt Tho enrollment of tho mIiooIb
for tho year was 40O.GI3. It will bo
Been that an expenditure amounting
to a fraction over 111 was made icr
pupil In attendance.
THINGS Of INTEREST
Taking tho placo usually occupied
by our continued story, page 6, we
review tho cwnts of 1912 this week.
Frequently pcoplo aro In doubt an
to Just when certain events occurred.
It would bo a gcod thing to look over
this page and review the occurrences
of tho iat year.
Tho pngo Is Illustrated and topi
As In tho past thrv or four lsincs.
wo aro running to Interesting arti
cles on public Bchool questions thU
week, on page 3. "Tho Work -if
Tho Ileal School." and pago 7, "Tho
Colonel Knew Colts." In tho latter
article tho Colonel woko up to tho
fact that Kentucklans caro much
loss for their children than they do
for their llvo stock. An overworked
teachr In chargo of fifty pupils ac
cidentally mentioned her salary
$50 a month, and tho Colonel In as
tonishment says, "Why 1 pay thit
fellow out yonder In chargo of my
colts $300 a month for eery month
In tho year."
Whether Interested In tho schools
or not, tlle33 nrtlclcs should bo read.
On pago 3 will bo found also a let
ter from a former Dorcn student who
Is now teaching In North Dakota. Slio
describes Interestingly her school,
and tho contrast between conditions
lu Dakota and Kentucky Is clearly
Tho farm artlclo this week, If Its
suggestions wero carried out, would
bo of Immense valuo to any and
ovory farmer. Tho subject Is "Dis
tribution of Farm Labor," In which
tho farmer Is bhown how ho can bo
busy all tho year round, cveu durliK
tho winter months, when such work
may bo taken up as will later relievo
tho pressure In tho Bprlng and Rum
mer when tho crops must bo at
THE NEW STORY
On pago 8, will bo found announce,
mont of our new story, tho first In
stallment of which will bo run next
CONTENTS OF THIS ISSUE
Nfcws of tho Week.
Tho Quiet Hour.
Tho Work of a Real School.
Story In tho Moonlight.
Review of 1912 Events.
Fnnn nnd Hoad Improvement.
Tho Colonel Know Colts.
Eastern Kentucky News.
leant $150,000 deeper In debt.
Senator Baton of rnduenh opposed
nn Ktim borhIoii. declnrliie thnt 111"
j Statu would havo amplo rcvenuu If
J tho cmntles wero assessed according
to tno constitution, too suoriago
revenue Is entirely duo to tho failure
of tho nssesslng officers, ho says,
nnd If they would do their duty tho
stato would havo a surplus of two
million, rather than n deficit of that
amount. If this Is tho case, there Is
no need of moro laws. Tho only thing
necessary Is tho enforcement of tho
law tho only need Is tho election
I of men who havo enough business
senso to do tho assessing and then
.other men who can do tho collecting.
Ab over, It would seem to bo up to
US, tho pooplo.
Tho statement goes on to show
that 45 counties havo employed 7')
supervisors. Thcso supervisors are
to havo flvo weeks training at thi
two Stato Normal Schools. T. J.
Contes, Stato Supervisor, will conduct
these training courses, first at Howl
Ing Green nnd then at tho Eastern
Government Overthrown in Con
stantlnople Young Turk Par
ty in Power Again Recedes
from Peace Agreement Re
newal of War Immanent.
England Suffragettes Begin War on
Man Made Laws King; of Spain
May Vi" United State.
TURKS ACC'EEDE AND RECEDE
As wo went to press last week tho
Turkish National Assembly was n
session to pass upon the noto of the
Cowers advising the J'orto to accede
to tho demands of the allies, and
give up Adrlanople and tho Aegean
Islands. Tho net Ion of tho assembly
was quick, announcement being mado
that tho vote vns almost unanimous
to end tho war by meeting tho do
mands of their victorious foes. it
was said thnt n treaty would be sign
ed In n short time.
Hut no sooner did tho news spread
tliruout Constantinople than rioting
began nnd soon assumed the propor
tions of a revolution, which overthrew
M. Pathitch, premier of 8ervla, it
one of tho most prominent figures In
Europe Just now, owing to the de
pute between his country and Aus
tria. tho government, which had promised
tho concessions, and placed tho young
Turk party In power ngaln.
Iu tho rioting Nazi in 1'asha, form
er war minister nnd Commander-ln-C'hlof
of tho defeated army was shot
dead. Further outrages wero cxp?ci
ed, and tho European Cowers dis
patched warship to protect their
Interests, but quiet aeems to havo
been quickly restored, ns It was
announced that under no circum
stances would tho government yield
Adrlanople uml thu Aegcuu lblands.
It was thought that pressure would
bo brought by tho lowers to Induce
oven tho now government to yield,
but so far no movemeut seems to
havo boon mado aud tho representa
tives of tho alllos in -Loudon are
receiving direction to return homo,
and tho prospects arc, that within
Tho Lexington Lender commented recently upon the nclion of n
Chicago jutlfn having tho Sheriff show a prisonor himnolf in n looking
glass. At night of himself he was fo impressed tliat ho naked to ho
nllowed to go and tiike n Turkish hath.
Tho Lender commends tho jtnigo for his wise decision to lmvo
tho mirror hung iu n conspicuous placo where disreputable looking
offenders mny seo themselves and ho apurrcd to heller thing. The
Citizen wishes to givu its endorsement to this now cure " Tho Mirror
It has alnays seemed to us thnt a tastily dressed person iu n
crowd lias n tonio effect. And no havo often seen persons of a shut
fling gait, or those inclined lo stoop, straighten up when thoy hnppeu
to nee some ono approach who has n care for his appearance.
Hut tho opposite frequently has the aame effect, persons inclined
to ho a little careless being spurred in the right direction by seeing
ono moro cnrelcns nnd indifferent; as, for instance, some ono very
stooped or slovenly in gait. Then why not the mirrorcure ? Would
not a good many ragged hen r (Is be trimmed, mustaches, unclean and
hanging over tho mouth, bo clipped, and tousled heads be combed if
a good mirror could bo thrust in front of their owners-if people
could ee thcmtelvctt an others tee them I
TO COMBAT THE SOCIAL EVIL
About two years ago a special grand jury was selected in New
York to investigate tho white slave traffic. Of thnt jury John D.
Rockefeller, Jr., was the foreman. At the termination of its labors
tho jury recommended that a public commission be appointed to
study the social evil. As an outcome of that suggestion, the Bureau of
Social Hygiene was established in the winter 1011. This Bureau is
the result of the conviction that, if a real and lasting improvement
in conditions is to be made, there must bo a permanent organization
that can work independently of temporary waves of reform and go on
generation after generation.
This conviction rests upon the observation that the criminal ele
ment has learned to act upon definite knowledge that all it has to do,
when n wave of reform sweeps over a community or n city, is to go
into hiding for a short time, for as soon as the wave has passed it cau
carry on its nefarious business again unmolested. The evil forces of
the country realize that the better class of citizens have to make a.
living and cannot turn aside from their own affairs for any length of
It is to remedy this situation that this Bureau has been formed,
and it is good to know that it is already inaugurating a work that is
to have far reaching effect upon the problem. Mr. Rockefeller is one
of the members.
The Sage Foundation is devoting its energies and funds to the
betterment of the educational machinery of the country. The Rock
efeller Commission is ridding the South of the book worm scourge,
and the newly formed Bureau has an equally important mission
tho cure of the social evil.
VOW AND PERFORM THY VOWS
"I will study the language of gentleness and refuse to use words
that bite and tones that crush.
"I will practice patience at home lest ray testy temper break
through unexpectedly and disgrace me.
"I will remember that my neighbors have troubles enough to
carry without loading mine on them.
"I will excuse others' faults and failures as often aud fully as I
expoct others to be lenient with mine.
"I will cure criticism with commendation, close up against gos
sip and build healthy loves by service.
"I will be a friend under trying tests and wear everywhere a
good-will face uuchilled by aloofness.
"I will gloat over gains never, but amass only to enrich others
and so gain a wealthy heart.
"I will lore boys and girls, so that old age will uot find me stiff
"I will gladden my uature by smiling out loud on every fair oc
casion aud by outlooking optimistically.
"I will pray frequently, think good things, believe men and do
a full day's work without fear or favor."
Farm and Firexide.
two or three days, war will be rcsum
!. Tho allies, however, aro tak
ing tho ground that tho action tf
tho young Turks la moro of a rebuff
to tho liowera than to them, and that
tho fight now la not altogether theirs.
Tho situation Is exceedingly critical,
and tho end more In doubt than any
tlmo within tho lest month. H houtll
Itlea nro resumed, ono can hardly re
frain from hoping that not only will
Adrlahoplo nnd tho Aegean Islands'
bo taken, but Constantinople Itsif
and Europe redeemed forever from
tho blot tho Turks havo put upon It.
MODERN AMAZONS DECLARE
Following the decision of tho Eng
lish cabinet to drop tho Franchise
Hill, tho BUffrngettco havo pructlcnily
declared wnr ' war of tho guerilla
kind. 'Mm. Carkhurst, tho loader, an
nounccn Hint they will only draw
tho lino on taking life, whllo some of
tho moro or less gallant warriors ad
ocato tho cracking of heads ns well
Almost tho eutlro London pollco
force is on duty and many nrrests
It would soem thnt tho bill was
dropped not because of any Indisposi
tion to take action upon It but owlnu
to a technicality. Hut tho suffragett "s
prefer to bellovo that a trick was
played upon them, nnd so they pro
pose to win their point by shbwHn;
their utter disregard for nil man
mndo laws It Is their avowed Inten
tion to break as many ot them us
possible, "Deeds not words" is their
motto, and they aro not to bo good
Dy thcso methods they nro going
to show tho world their fltuess for
SPANISH KING TO VISIT U. 8.
Klag Alfonso of Spain Is said to bo
very desirous ot making a visit to
tho United States. Following tho ex
change of friendly telegrams between
President Taft and the King, on tho
latter's recent birthday, tho rumors
wero revived., and It Is said that tho
visit will lo made next summer t
tho political Bit nation In the Spanish
Kingdom will permit.
MRS. JOHN WARD
Mrs. John Ward, daughter of White
law Reld, American ambaiioador to
England, had the honor not long ago
of entertaining King George at her
YOUR DATE LABEL
If you don't watch your date label,
you may mUs a number of Tho C1U
ion. Remombar It stops now on ex
piration ot your subscription. Look
at the date following your naino and
don't neglect to send In renewal.
Representative Towers, speaking 'n
favor of tho lncorioratloii of the
Rockefeller Foundation In the Homo
of Representatives In Washington
last week, submitted n telegram from
Dr. J. S. Lock of Barbourvllle, sani
tary expert for tho 11th District,
showing tho prevalence of hookworm
n tho state.
Dr. Lock Is In Bercn this week
preparing to establish a dispensary
for tho treatment ot the dlsensa. He
spoko before a mass meeting In the
Chapel last nlgbt. Hie telegram de
pleting the conditions In tho state
"Eleven thousand nlno hundrod
eighty-four persons examined In the
Eleventh District. Flvo thousnud
UNITED STATES NEWS
War Department Helping Flood Suffer
ersCongress Provides for Incor
poration of Philanthropic Fund
Bourne Succeeded by a Democrat
Stealingand Selling Stamps Morse
Again Strapped Presidential Can
didate Arrested Tennessee Elects
Two Senators American Suffra
gettes Will Parade.
TO HELP FLOOD SUFFERERS
Tho Ohio River Is still in the flood
stago, great suffering and distress
being caused at points from Evans-
vllle, Ind., down.
Tho Mississippi is nlso reaching a
dangerous stage, ono break In a
leveo In Mississippi being reported.
The War Department is taking
steps to relieve the suffering, Cap
tain William Elliot having been dis
patched to make an investigation.
Continued on Pitt Five
DR. ALEXIS CARREL
This specially posed photograph of
Or. Carrel, winner of the Nobel prize
In medicine, wn taken In the labora
tory of the Rockefeller Institute for
Medical Research, New York, as he
was making a microscopical examina
tion of a growing animal tissue.
MM" BBWBpBBBBBk 'H
' 4f kdWBPu'ii'5el
Bp9s2t aBBer aseeeeeeeeeeeeeaeseej.
eeaj apjwf Nepapapapaweaeaejipjal l
all day and
If tho hones feci that way
bow do you euppoee the man'
,who has been holding the
Probably mighty well sati.
$ed with himself, and glad
He has done more work.
better work, and with greater
ease simply because he used an
Why don't you be one of these men?
We will bo glad to show you the plow to answer
question and to convince you that this U the plow
for you to buy.
'BUIIjT FOR SERVICE"
R. H. CHRISMAN,
seven hundred nnd thirty of theso
had hookworm. Hookworm has been
tound In every county of tho 11th
District. Hookworm found In 111
out of 120 counties of the 8tato,
"Eighty ncr cent of tho cases In
tho Eleventh District treated result
ed In nlncty-clght per cent of cures,
nvcrago Infected In tho Eleventh Dis
trict Is tlilrty-clght per cent; In tha
Stato thirty-three per cent.
"I havo a personal record of 1C0
tases of pellagra. All had hookworm
and wero relieved of pellagra symp
toms Immediately by taking hook
worm treatment. Havo examined every
known case of pellagra In district.
All Infected with hookworm, which
treatment relieved symptoms of pel
lagrn." IN OUR JWN STATE
Supreme Court Construes County
Unit Law Juryman Indicted for
Perjury Feud Cases Continued
Slayer of Sheriff Sentenced to Death
Coal Operations Begun In Perry
Depot Robbed Louisville Bank
Closed Meningitis Still Raging
Prominent Attorney Shot to Death.
CONSTRUED LOCAL OPTION LAW
Tho liquor element In the state
have mado much of their own con
struction of the County Unit Law,
claiming that tho clause designating
tho number of signatures necessary
to call an election was 25 per cent
of tho entire voting population of
the county. If this -wero tho caao it
(would practically make the law In
operative. Tho Court of Appeals last
week, however, construed tho clauso
to mean 25 per cent of the district
or precinct affected. Tho local dis
trict Jhen may call for a vote of tho
RAILROAD STATION ROBBED
The Nlcholasvllle station ot tho
Queon and Crescent was robbed last
week, tho night operator, John Ea3t
,man, being slugged by an unknown
negro, and his pockets, as well as tho
company's cash drawer, being rifled.
The operator was not seriously hurt.
A federal health officer, having
Investigated the meningitis situation
In Dyer County, Tenn., reports to
the State Board of Health in Ken
tucky, that tho situation shows no
Improvement. Moro than 115 caa:s
havo been reported, resulting In 52
FEUD CASES CONTINUED
The murder and perjury cases
known ns the Callahan conspiracy
cases, at Winchester, have accumulat
ed to such an extent that they aro
all to be passed to the April term of
court. The twelve alibi witnesses now
il ml let ed for perjury nro to bo tried
first, Uius clearing the boards and
lifting the testimony for tho rail
The negro known as "Shluo" on
trial In Wlnchekter for tho murder of
Deputy Shot iff Hart a few weeks ago,
was convicted, tho 23rd, and sen
tenced to death. The chief witness .n
tho case was nn eight year old boy.
The Jury was selected from an ad
joining county, Montgomery, tho
trial only lasting part of one day.
FIRST COAL MINE
In The Citizen's correspondence somo
tlmo ago attention was called to tho
fact that while the railroad has been
Contiuurtl on pAgc five
tilled the Oliver!
The Furniture Man