OCR Interpretation


The citizen. (Berea, Ky.) 1899-1958, March 06, 1913, Image 1

Image and text provided by University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85052076/1913-03-06/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?


Thumbnail for

I CE
The Citizen
MtRJtA PUBLISHING CO.
(tMConroRATicn)
Knowledge ii power tad the
way to keep tip with nederi
knowledge la to read a goed
newspaper.
J. f. t AULKNUt,
Mmfnd t IW tut- fit at Btrn, A'v, rem4
Hsm matt matin.
rDevoted. to tlie Interests of ttie Mountain People
Vol. XIV.
Fire cents a copy.
BEREA, MADISON COUNTY, KENTUCKY, MARCH 0, 1013
One Dollar a jear.
No. SO
I'll ES I IDENT ' S OFF
HE HE A COLLEGE
UEHEA KY
COMP
The Inauguration of President Wilson
Washington la In gala attire, flags
and docoratlons nro everywhere seen,
and (trout throngs of Rally dressed
people aro pouring Into tho city,
which has becomo a whlrlool of ac
tivity. Vice President elect Marshall
arrived on Saturday, and President
1oct Wilson camo on Monday. Flags
and streamers from every staff and
building waved their welcome, and
choiring thousands greeted his arrival.
Tho family left Pilnccton, Monday,
whore tho family havo lived for twenty-seven
years, In a Bjtcclal train as
the guosts of tho Princeton students,
who not only provided tho train, but
attended to all tho details of the trip.
Other special trains brought hundreds
of students who nctcd as escort. They
formed a lano from tho train shed
to tho room st apart for tho PreBl
ljii)lcnt, whero tho Inaugural reception
coramlttoe comprising Senator, Hep
rescnUtlvos and citizens awaited tho
presidential family. As tho party des
conded from ho train, they wcro
met by Thomaa Nelson Page, chair
man of tho Reception Committee, who
escorted Ihem thrcugh the lints of
students to tho Reception Room.
Tho Wilson family dined private
ly with Joseph Wilson of Tennessee,
brother of tho President, and John
Wilson, his cousin, who wns host at
tho dinner. Ily arrangements the
Wilsons railed on President and Mrs.
Taft at tho Whlto House, whero they
wcro received In the Hluo Itooni. Tho
official household were present but
nono of Uio Cabinet.
According to the Program, on In
auguration Day, u Committee of Sen
ators and Representatives railed at
tho Hotel for President eject and Vice
President elect. They were escorted
to tho White Houre by tho Essex
Troop and tho Mack Hotbc Troop
thru lines of students from Irlnce
ton and Uio University of Virginia.
President Taft nwalted them and the
wholo party proceeded to the Senate
chamlx-r at tho capltol, where first
tho Vlco President was Inaugurated,
then tho Seuators elect took th-lr
oath of office, fnllowInK which the
onth wan administered to Woodrow
Wilson by tho Chief Justice of the
Supremo Court according to custom.
Washington linn resounded for the
past few duys with tho blare f
trumpetH and the mllluiry bands ac
companying the various organltntlon.s,
THIS ISSUE
A full account of tho Inauguration of
President Wilson will Interest ninny
readers.
Tho progress mnilo In farm demon
stration In this vicinity by Professor
Montgomery will attract attention
and perhaps Interest others In the
work of lann uplift.
Dotectlvrs In llerea presents what Is
happily an unusual epslode In Berea
Life, and emphasizes the unusual or
derly life cf tho student community.
"Ono Who Worked Ills Way" n
story from real life on pngo 2, may
show still others how to do what many
aro now doing, "Work their way. thru
school."
Maku tho Homo Orchard Produco is
a timely articlo In "Intensive Farm
ing." !ago 7. If you havo an orchard
read It, If not, plant ono.
M Tho story on page C Is finding In
..rested readers.
Plenty of lntoreutliig Items on tho
local pago.
CONTENTS OF THIS ISSUE
PAGE ONE
WUsoh'h Inauguration.
DetectlveB In Ilerva.
Editorials.
PAOB TWO.
Ono who Worked Ills Way.
Tcmpernnco.
Sunday School Lessen.
page: three
Corner for tho Juniors.
Taft Hccomcs Ex-PresUent.
Rurul Teachers as Tramps.
PAGE FOUR
Local Items.
PAGE FIVE
U. 8. News, (continued)
Influence of Fear.
PAGE SIX
Now Serial Story.
PAOE SEVEN
Farm and Garden.
Uoy Erects Ills Own Monument.
PAGE EIGHT
Eastern Kentucky Nows.
Tho Nation's Capttcl.
State Nows (continued) va
which poured Into tho city. Uio Now
York First Cavalry, Massachusetts
Coast Artillery, tho KiRhth Massachu
Hctts, with Mllltla Regiments from
Worcester, and Volunteer Troop I),
Democratic Lcaguo of Newark, New
York Coast Artillery, tho lusUlcr
Corps of Boston, Maine National
Guard, 12th Company Coast Artillery
and Mllltla of Georgia with six special
trains of Tammany formed part of
tho arrivals. It Is estimated that 30,
000 were In lino.
Tho number of visitors far exceed
ed any picvlous record. At least 2G0,-
000 jiersons were transported by the
railroads.
Distinguished men wcro present
from every state In the Union. A
fow of them can remember seeing a
Democratic president Inaugurated but
tho number who havo witnessed that
event was notably Increased by this
Inauguration ceremony.
Mrs. Wllcon Is rather a disappoint
ment to tho society leaders and tho
fashion-mongers, as she actually In
sisted upon It that tho dresses of
tho Wllsoti family, although tspocl
'ally made f-r tho Inauguration, really
'required no clatorata description. Or
dinary walking suits were used for
tho da.
1 It Is understood that Pres. Wilson
'was an equal disappointment In the
society element In refusing election
to ono of tho particularly select so
clety clubs. Potwlbly wo aro entering
upon an era of Jcffcntonlan Blmpll
, city.
WILSON'S CABINET
Secretary of State William Jen
nings Dryau, of Nebraska.
Secretary of Treasury William l.
McAdoo, of New York.
Secretary of War Llndley M.
OarrlHon, of New Jersey.
Attorney General James McKey
nolds, of Tennessee.
Postmaster General Representative
Albert Ilurleson, of Texas.
I 8ecreta:y of tho Navy Jos'i'hus
Daniels, of North Ca ol.ua.
Secretary of tho Interior Franklin
K. Lan of California.
Secretary of Agriculture David F.
Houston, of .Missouri.
Secretary of Commerce Hepr s nt
atlvo William C. Hedflcld, of N-w
York.
I Secretary of Labor Representative
William II. WlUon, of Pennsylvania.
WORLD NEWS
English Papers on President Wilson
Tho Turks Ask for Peace Mexi
can Affairs.
Tho Ixmilon paers abound In no
tion of tho New President. Tho Morn
ing Post In a lengthy article on
American affairs bays, "Woodrow Wil
son conies to tho Presidency wh.n
tho old days are over, and a now
era Is at hand. Fow Presidents have
entered offlco to well eiulpicd; few
' have faced so many difficulties."
Tho Dally Graphic writes, "Wood
row Wllcon has Imurtsscd tho Anglo
Baxoti of both worlds with his sterl
ing honcuty. That Is Uio quality
abovo all othtiB which Democracy
needs, and tho Americans must be
congratulated."
Tho Chronicle Bays, "Mr. Wilson re
presents tho new spirit visible in
moro than ono country, but nowhero
moro visible than In America. The
progressive warld looks for much
from him."
THE TURKS ASK TOR PEACE
lly way of London It Is made
known that tho Turks aro through
flghtlug and havo naked tho Powors
to secure for them tho best terms of
peuco that they could. Among other
demands of tho Dalknn Allies are
tho concession of tho Aegean Islands
and their restoration to their natural
affiliation with Greece. Tho llalkan
states aro willing to p?rmlt areprcsin
tatlvo of tho Mohammedan faith to
oxcrclso his religious functions
amongst ccplo of that faith In tho
states concerned. It Is probable that
final peuco arrangements will bo
made very Boon.
MEXICAN AFFAIRS
On thi bordor Hue of Mexico, near
Douglas, Arizona a running fight took
placo between Uio ninth U. S. Caval
ry aud Mexican troops. It Is reported
that tho Mexican soldiers flrcd upon
a group of American officers. A sklrm
Ish ensued, In which four Mexicans
woro killed.
At Mexico City General Diaz re
ceived a great ovation, wheu ho &p- I
Iieared at tho bull fight. There was
a great parado thru tho streets on tho ,
saiuo day, which was reviewed by
President Huorta. Efforts are being
tnniln in llllrifr till. Vklltltrv in n fni -
....... u " " O . " V M I
dltlon of peace.
PRESIDENT WOODROW WILSuN
The twenty-eight President of the United Stntes Is Woodrow
Wilson. He was born at Staunton, Vs., the son of n Presbyterian
minister. He graduated at Princeton University, a stronghold of
American Presbyterianism, in 1871), but the ministry did not attract
young Wilson. Minister' sons too often see so much of denial and
self sacrifice that they do not hastily enter upon their fathers' call
ing, lie studied law nt the University of Virginia, opened an oflico
afterwards at Atlanta, Oa., where he practiced in 1882-'83. What
cases came to the young lawyer we do not know. Evidently tho
theory of Inw had a charm for him for he closed his office to study
Jurisprudence, History und Political Science in the post graduate
courses at Johns Hopkins University at Baltimore. Here he receiv
ed the degree of Ph. D, for which degree he submitted a thesis on
Congressional Government, which is remarkable as being very
successful on the book market. There in only one other instance
recorded of an academic thesis which became successful bb a book.
From 1885 to 1800 he taught in various institutions, Political
Science und kindred subjects. In that year he came to Princeton
as Professor of History and Jurisprudence. His lectures became
exceedingly popular and he himself gained the desired standing by
popular vote, year nfler year, as favored professor.
In 1002 he was elected President of Princeton on the resignation
of President Pattou. This office he filled with great distinction, bring
ing about some remarkable changes und witnessing great growth in
the Institution. In 1011 he was elected Oovernor of New Jersey on
the Democratic ticket, after a fierce contest in which he succeeded in
overthrowing the mnchiue boss, Senator Smith. His term of office
would not expire until January 1014,
Tho characteristics of President Wilson are well net forth in a
Ileriew of HevietcM article in which the writer says, "That his prin
ciple characteristic is a love of fun. Ha sees nt once tho humorous
aspect of things. He loves stories und though not a story teller, he
is ever ready to illustrate a point by telling nil anecdote." He is u
good talker and speaks fine English. He readily charms his hearers.
His temperament is largely an inheritance from his father a man
of great personality, a profound theologian.
His face is modeled on Scotch Irish nncestry with theological
lines, betokening great strength but not beauty. After becoming
Governor of New Jersey, the family were overwhelmed by the public,
ity that speedily csme to them. Tho Governor was hardly used to
seeing comment on his features, tho length of his nose and tho attach,
inent of his ears to his head, but he finally took refuge in the follow
ing limerick:
"There nro others moro linndNoiiie bjr far,
Hut my face, I do not mlml it,
For 1 am behind it.
The people iii front got tho jar."
He is not n smoker nor is wine served on his table. A good
sleeper, he posHesnes strength, athletic, jet not a devotee to sports.
He finds recreation itml henlth in golf.
He has n faculty of getting at the very elements of n disputed
problem- and is ready with a solution. Oftentimes he hits been able
to rentier material service in the matter of shaping legislation.
Probably no innn Iiuh come to the Presidency of the United Stntes
better equipped mentally, for the study of Governmental problems
has been a habit of a lifetime. Governmental methods, the intrica
cies of Mj)itics and the methods of legislation are well known to him.
His theoretical knowledge Ims beeu enriched by the experimental
knowledge gained duriug the period of his Governorship of New
Jersey.
The country lias much reason to rejoice in the personal character
nml the the training of the man who comes to the White House at
this particular time, for he is not only a mini of learning, a man of
principleitiid experience, but a man of devout and fixed christian faith,
who is ready and able to defend this faith from the standpoint of
intelligent conviction.
Airs. Wilson is not a woman who seeks publicity. She is essenti
ally ii home maker, h woman of force aud marked ability.
The family consists of three daughters, Margaret, Jessie and
Eleanor, eueh one of whom is interested in some humanitarian or
philanthropic work. Evidently they are not iu sympathy with the
smart set or the merely fashionable but have a purpose iu life and are
fulfilling it.
Presideut Wilson has one brother, Joseph Wilson of Teuutssee.
The Ilihleon which Woodrow Wilson took oath of office w hen he
became Governor of New Jersey wus used wheu he took the oath of
office as Presideut. The oath of each office has beeu eugrossed iu the
Uible. Naturally this is a cherished possession of Mrs. Wilson.
Tho closing words of his Inaugural address were, "This is not a
day of triumph, it is n day of dedication. Here muster, uot the
forces of party, but the forces of humanity. Men's hearts wait upon
us; men's lives haug in the balance; men's hopes call upon us to say
what we will do. Shall we live up to the great trust? Who dares
fail to try? I summon hII honest men, all patriotic, all forward-look
iug ineu'to my side. God helping me, 1 will uot fail them if they
will but counsel and sustain mo." B.
Detectives
Sound Character of Citizens and
are Brought to Light.
Interview with President Frost
Tho arrest of Mr. Clinton Scott on
charge of koeplng a "blind tiger,"
tho conflsciiUcii ct several hundred
bottles tf beer labeled "Maltlna," to
gether wiUi Uio cxpluslon of flvo
students, tho dismission or suspen
sion of fifteen othors, havo been un
paralleled excitements In Bcrta dur
ing Uio last fow days.
Tho arrest of Mr. Scott was effect
ed by Capt. Shoit in person assisted
by his deputy, Mr. Mays, and Deputy
Sheriff Win. Johnson, of Berea. It
occurred a llttlo beforo eight o'clock
Saturday night, and savcral customers
wero found In Uio establishment at
tho same tlmo.
During tho following night the fow
bottles of real "Mcltlna," which wero
In stock, frozo, whllo tho hundreds of
bottles of beer labeled as "Maltlaa"
showed their character by withstand
ing tho cold!
On tho Bamo night several students'
rooms wcro searched, and cases of
tobacco and liquor nud other Irregular
ities discovered.
Tho College was suspectsd cf hav
ing somo hand In tho detection of tho
"TlKor" as well aB tho other misdo
ings, aud Tho Citizen has obtained
from President Frcst an exclusive In
terview on tho subject.
President Frost says:
in Berea
Students Shown While Offenders
"Somo wooks ago wo wero greatly
troubled by tho stealing of several
over coats rjid other property from
students. NU having tlmo to Investi
gate all such cases, wo acted with
Bcmo of out trustees and secured tho
services of detectives. Tho chief of a
Detective Durcau located outsldo do
stato visited Berea somo weeks ago,
Ho told us Uio clues wero tew and
obscuro, ho Gbould have to make a
general examination of tho school and
town; that his experience ledhlmto
bellcvo Uiat If ho became acquainted
with tho studouts who wo.-o violat
ing other collego rules, ho should
como upon tho thieves. Ho subsequent
ly sent c detectlvo who registered us
a student, aud later a second one, and
thoy began sending nic, in a confid
ential way, dally statements of their
activities which woro very Interest
ing. I was first Impressed by Uio gen
eral soundness of sentiment which
theso explorers discovered among both
citizens and students. They woro
everywhere told that tho collego rules
wcro strict and right and not to bo
violated. They ascertained with ab
solute certainty, for example, that
liquor was not sold at various stores
and restaurants In and about Uorea
Coutiuucd on ftft Two
Hook-Worm in
Dr. J. 8. Lock of llarbourvllle, who
Ic Investigating tho hookworm In
Kentucky under tho direction of tho
Rockefeller Commission and tho State
Board of Health, rcitorts that his
twenty-four day campaign at Dcroa
was tho most successful yet In Ken
tucky. 2,147 examinations were made,
IN OUR M STATE
Family Burned at Mayfisld Ths
James Special School Enumera
tion New Jail for Perry Bg Blaze
at Hazard -Riddla Named forjudge.
FAMILY BUItNED AT MAYFIELD
Mrs. J. Small and five children
wero seriously burned. Tho dress cf
ono of the children caught fire from
a grate. In tho effort to save her,
each member of tho family was ser
iously burned.
THE JAMES SPECIAL
Senator Olllo James will have a
largo number of friends to wltncts
his Installation as Senator and In
cidentally tho Inauguration of Wood-
row Wilson as President. Tills paity
goes by a special train.
TOBACCO SOLD OUT
Lexington warehouses have ssldout
all their tobacco, and for tho first
tlmo in threo months their floors
aro, absolutely clear.
SCHOOL ENUMERATION
School census blanks have been
sent out by tho Department of Edu
cation for cnumeratltn for tho n3W
year. It is expected tho returns will
bo In by April 1st. Careful inspection
has been made of tho school rolls,
and In many counties a largo
number of names ha3 been stricken
from tho roll. Tho teachers are work-
Idg with tho state officials to t,ecure
nccurato returns. This is deal! able, as
tho school fund Is distributed on a
per capita basis.
PEItnY COUNTY IS TO HAVE A
NEW JAIL
$23,000 Is to bo expended for anew
Jail .at Hazard, according to tho deci
sion of tho Fiscal Court. Tho old jail
has become unsightly In contrast
with the new court house.
FIItE IN HAZAHD
Tho threo story Jones block with
other property amounting to $20,000
was destroyed by firo at Hazard last
week. Efforts will to made to In
troduce better protection. The au
thorities believe they have a cluo to
tho cause of this and other recent
fires.
PINEVILLE PRISONERS ESCAPE
Five prisoners broko a.l at line
vllle, Mar. 1st, and escaped to tlu
mountains. They includo M.redithand
Gilbert under life sentenco lor mur
der, Jones awaiting trial for murd.r
and two houso breakers.
RIDDLE NAMED FOR JUDGE
Hugh Bidden of Irvine was ap
pointed Circuit Judge of tho 23rd
District to succeed tho lata D.iv.d
Hedwino of Jackson, recently dec a
ed. This district comprlsis Es.lll,
Laurel, Breathitt and Wolf Counties,
and Uio appointment holds ULt.l lh.J
November election. Then tho posl.ton
will bo filled by election tor tho
remaining two years of Judgo Rcd
wlne's term.
BEWARE OF THE PIANO
Miss Beulah Thompson of Win
chester, assisting to move a p!nno at
(Contluuctl ou rage Klglit)
YOU'RE IN
TO "YOURSELF IF YOU
DO NT BUY AN OLIVER
PAY
No man really like
1 TiWI
'debt even to himself, and as
we are not charging you any
thing for this advice and it's
V I MM
good advice, and "straight" at that why not taka
"""OLIVER PLOWS
THAT ARE
"BUILT FOR SERV.IC.E'T
were made with your own especial needs in view. Th
Oliver People had their factory expert down here for
month finding out just what it is you require in thu
plow line.
NOW WE HAVE THE PLOWS.
R. H. CHRISM AN,
Madison County
which represented 75 per cent ofttw
citizens and students. Tho infection
among tho students was found to bo
22 per cent. Ono of tho great benefits
Is Uio fact that the students will
carry home knowledge of the Ideas
talncd, especially of better sanitary
conditions.
UNITED STATES NEWS
-
Bryan Favors Peace Sixty-Second
Congress Ends Pres. Taft's Fare
wall Sermon Hides Has New Job
Webb Bill Becomes Law Taft and
the Newspaper Men Diplomatic
Appointments Confirmed.
BRYAN FAVORS PEACE
At Raleigh, N. C, William J. Bry
an spoko to eight thousand people
on peace. Ho was Introduced by Gov.
Crane as tho greatest living apostle
of peace. In his address Mr. Bryan
declares that United States was un
der serious obligation not only to co
operate with tho other powers In fur
thering the cause of peace, but to
act as a shining cxamplo in the mat
ter of disarmament. Ho declared tho
United States was peculiarly fitted In
various ways to boldly tike the lead
in this matter.
THE SIXTY-SECOND CONGRESS
The sixty-second Congress ended
Its history of two years of epec-mak-ing
struggle on Tuesday noon. Its
career has been in many respects a
stormy ono. It began In 1011 with n
special session to consider Recipro
city. Among tho important results
from this Congress aro tho Now Fed
eral Bureau of Labor headed by a
Cabinet officer; Tho Physical Valua
tion of Railroads and other common
carriers to form a basis for rate male.
lng. Constitutional Amendment for
liopular election of Senators; Ship
ment of liquor forbidden In tho prohi
bition states. This Congress leaves a
legacy of a disturbing nature in tho
Panama law establishing free passage
to American vessels, and still more
trouble In tho unsatisfactory condi-.
tlons of tho Tariff laws, which It un
successfully attempted to revlso at
two different times.
PRES. TAFT'S FAREWELL SER
MON Pres. Taft, according to reports, be
gan his last Sunday with a brief ser
mon to Uio congregation of All Souls
Unitarian Church, whero ho has wor
shipped the last four years. His ser
mon was devoted to a discussion cf
tho Unitarian faith, which ho said ho
expected to sso absorb tho world.
"It has been a wonder to mo why
nil tho world Is not Unitarian," said
tho President. "1 think all tho world
Is verging In that direction. Wo preach
the doctrino of sweet fellowship, it
lovo of God, of love of Jesus Christ
and of toloranco, for every faith ds
pends upon tho great principle of lib
eral Christianity, and that makes for
progress toward morality and higher
religion."
"Tho ono thing wo suffer from, If
It bo a troublo. Is that, thcro aro 30
many Unitarians in other churches
who do not sit In tho pews of our
church. But that means that ultimate
ly they aro coming to us."
HILLES' NEW JOB
Chas. D. Hllles who received a
salary of $7,000 ao secretary to Pres.
Contluurd on page five
UP!
to be In
The Furniture Man

xml | txt