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BEREA, MADISON COUNTY, KENTUCKY, AUGUST 25, &21 Ona Dollar and Fifty Centa Per Year
Joint Army and Navy Board Re
ports on Aerial Bombing
Tests on Warship.
AVIATION MUST BE PUSHED
Necessity for Aircraft Carrier of
Masimum Sue and Speed to 8up
pl U. S. Fleet With Offensive
and Offensive Power.
Vnl,liirto!i, Aim. ir.'. Tin- battle
ship mill In the backbone f tli Amer
Ii'hii navy, the Joint urui) mill nilv)
board rtri on llo results of lli
refill aerial bombing tests l the
army ami navy off llo- Virginia h i-n
'I lie rcsirt. approved by Nccritiir)
of War Week ami Secretary ot t l.r
J iN'llll), S I III1 holllhlllg testa
demonstrated tin- importum of avi
thai, hut the battle-hip atlll In the na
tion's chief reliance at sea, despite
the development of alrplanea a weap
din of offense ami defense.
'I lie biwrd's ri'Hirt, aa In I lie effect
of aircraft on future natal construe
lion, includes the following flllillliKii :
'Hie mission of I lie HHy la to con
trol vital line of traUNMrtMtlNi Umiii
ttie sea. Wit limit mii effective navy
In time of war. a iiriIini must auliiult
to all economic blockade fatal to Ha
trade anil the luiMirlatloii of Iiihvh
ary material for tlie production of
If heavier tluiii air ersfl are to lie
effective In naal varfnre, they imiHt
bate greater mobility, ami aline their
radius of ai t Ion la not ureal. addl
tlonal niisMllty in u t Ih obtained hy
providing mobile base I. e., aircraft
Even in the present state of devel
oiineiit the aircraft carrier, as exciu
l I lied by the Annie of the' Hrli
navy, la a ttie essential to the high
est efficiency of the rieet.
Aircraft carrlera are subject to at
tack by vessels carrying guns, tnr-dm-s,
or bombs, ami will require, aa
all other types of vessels require, the
eventual euMirt of the battleship.
Battleship Rules Sea.
Tlie battleship atlll la the backhoue
of th fleet ami, the bulwark of the
nation' wa defense.
Tlie airplane. Hire the submarine,
dei rover ami mine, haa added to the
danger to which battleships are ex
posed, but hna not made the hattle
ahlp olwlete. The battleship atlll re
tnalna the greatest factor of naval
The development of aircraft. In
stead of furnishing an e ouilcal hi-
atrumeiit of ar leading to the sIhUI
tlon of tin battleship, haa only addeil
to the (onipleiity of naval warfare.
The aviation and ordnance exerl
tneiila conducted with the eI-Jeriiian
ewl aa taruet have proved thnt
It iaa lxcotiie lmteratlve aa a mat
ter of national deleuae to provide for
the minimum prnwlhle develotmient of
aviation In both the ami) and navy.
They have alao proved, the report
rohtlntirs. the neceaalty for aircraft
carrier of the maximum ixc and
speed to supply our fleet with tlie of
f.'iiMlve and defensive power which air
rraft provide, within their riollu of
actlou. as an effii-live adjumi of the
fleet. It I likewise eaochtlal thnt
effe-tlve ami aircraft anna nt le de
veloped. IRISH SITUATION SERIOUS
Birkenhead Warns That Collapse of
Negotiations Will Be
Ut on, Aug-. 22. "If the preaeut
negotiations collapse, tireat Britain
Will find herael Committed to boattll
tlea on a scale never previously under
taken ugalnat Ireland," declared
Barou lilrkeiihead. the lord tiiaucellor,
In an address In the house of lorda.
"It would be disastrous If those to
whom the government's offer waa aent
do not recognize that It waa the gov
ernment's last word and compromise,"
IMspatchea from Dublin to London
newspapers apHar to reflect peaaltu
Ism over the Irfeh situation In view of
latest developments. Correiqwindents
any the sltuatlou Is "undoubtedly very
Senate Passes Road BUI.
Wanliingiou. The Federal aid roads
blU appropriating 7.Vuw,(KiO for tou
atructlou, one-third of which would be
available Immediately, was passed by
the Senate. The rest of the general
fund would be avUlable la all months.
The bill as passed by the lloue car
ried $l(Mi.ii,il sud It now goes to
Bomb Ixpiods In Belfast.
Belfast. A bomb was thrown la
Tyrone street. A wotuau wa Injured
seriously and ova other persona were
wouuded slightly. Many window wort
broken by the cuueuakioo.
PASSES AWAY AT 92
Cyrua W. Boone, 92 years old, died
at hia home near Kidilnville, Ky., on
Auirimt 22. He leaves a wife and
six children. Mr. limine was county
a himl superintendent for twelve
OM t.Rt IKJR CI I.MINATKS IN
Fred Enj-linh, .'10, shot John Allen,
Ti!), a few days mgo near Paducah
The trouble is suppoeed to be the cul
mination of an old (rmdvre. Allen is
Ixdieved to be fatally wounded.
MEMIlF.lt OF PROMINENT
Henry C. Prewitt, 34 years old,
. member of one of Montgomery
county's oldest and most prominent
families, died in a Louisville hospital
on August 22, after a lonir illness.
FIVE-YEAR OLD fJIRL BURNS TO
The five-year-old daughter of Geo.
Piatt, of Cynthiana, was burned to
death Saturday afterrum, August 20.
It is believed that she set her cloth
ing on fire with matches which she
got hold of.
BODY FOUND NEAR RAILROAD
The body of Walter Levy, age 61,
was found on the morning of August
20 near the L. H. and St. L. Station,
at Lewisport, in Hancock county. It
is believed that he was killed by a
freight train while asleep on the
edge of the track.
SEVERE STORM IN DAVIESS
A thunderstorm passed over
Owensboro and Daviess county on
August 20th doing considerable dam
age. A larire barn was struck on
the farm of R. E. Massie and de
stroyed one hundred ton of bailed
hay. The total loss resulting from
the destruction of the barn was esti
mated at $2,000.
YOUTH SLAIN AND ROBBED BY
ROBBERS IN MOUNTAINS
Carl Dunnigan, young son of a
I-ennut preacher, was murdered and
robbed on the road betwen Innut
and Hazard by unknown persons,
who used a club. He had been em
ployed hy the Reliance Coal company,
and it is believed that his slayers
knew that he had just drawn H8 for
BROTHERS WHO BEAT TEACHER
The two young men, James and
Ionard Justice, who attacked a
school teacher, I. A. Stone, near Pine
vile, Ky., a short time ago, have been
placed under heavy bonds at Pikeville,
pending the action of the grand jury,
on a charge of banding together.
The trouble came up over the ex
pulsion from school, by Stone, of two
Justice twin sisters.
PREACHER MAKES STARTLING
Rev. Chas. Harmon, of Maysville,
who was about to he taken to the
Ohio penintentary to serve out a sen
tence of from 18 to 20 years for the
murder of his wife issued a state
ment, before leaving, of 1,800 words,
explaining that he shot his wife
three times and then tried to kill
himself because of infuriated love
for her. "She stabbed my affec
tions," he said. "She murdered me."
ThV real Charlie Harmon did not do
it my reason was dethroned." Mr.
Harmon was educated at Winchester.
BAPTIST PREACHER AND WIFE
LEAVE FOR CHINA
Mr. and Mr. Ullin Leavell left
Paris, Ky., on August 22, for China,
where they will work under the aus
pice of the Foreign Mission Board
of the Southern Baptist Church.
The high esteem in which they weri?
held by the people of Paris wa
shown by the fact that 300 members
of the Pari Baptist Church marched
in a body to see them off on the
ON THE TRVIL OF THE MOON
SHINER Prohibition Agent John D. W. Col
lins, Whitesburg, with officer Wil
lard Mi Kinney and W. H. Carter
raided a large moonshine still at
Longfork, on the LcU-her-Pika border
on August 22. The moonsMners es
caped. The raiders scaled a hiijh
mountain and descended into a ravine
over large boulder to And the outfit
lift Mp- 9f ppf
I- 'f luring Inter-i'liurcn pngriroaKe to Kock of Aes In Somerset, Kngljimi. wnere Augutu loplaU)
wrote tl' famous hymn. 2. Dr. O. T. Harding, father of the President, and his bride, who was Miss Alice Sev
erns. 8. S.-ene at one of the Inadequate food stations elahllhed by the Holshevlkl In famine area of Russia.
REWARD OFFERED FOR
Governor Morrow haa offered a re
ward of $200 for the arrest of Bill
Brennon, charged with kiling Walter
Wood, eighteen years ago.
The reward was offered at the re.
quest of the county judge of Clinton
THE AMERICAN LEGION OF
Lexington, Ky, Aug. 23. Owing to
arrangements having been perfected
for a Great Reunion of the "Old First
Kentucky" in Lexington on the 1st
and 2nd of September, during the
State Convention of the American
Legion, General Roger D. Williams,
who firrmerly commanded the Old
First, has postponed a pre-arranged
trip to China which the General had
planned some weeks in advance for
the purpose of visiting his son, Capi.
Roger D. Williams, Jr., U. S. A.,
stationed at Pekln, China, in order
to bo present at the reunion in Lex
ingtnn. ...... . , - -
Louisville, Ky., Aug. 23. At the
annual meeting of the Jefferson Post
No. 15, in Louisville, twenty dele
gates and alternates were elected to
represent the post at the Third State
Convention in Lexington, September
1st and 2nd. The Louisville Post re
iterated its stand in favor of the Na
tional Adjusted Compensation and
instructed its delegates accordingly.
The post expect its baseball team
to bo one of the two championship
district teams to contend for the
State Championship on the second
day of the convention on Stoll Field
and a great representation of the
post will be on hand to root for the
RICKARD FACES INDICTMENT
District Attorney to Go the Limit
in Fight Picture
Chicago, Aug. 22. Acting District
Attorney John V. t'llnnln will go be
fore the federal grand Jury this morn
ing mid ask that mi indictment be re
turned against Tex Hlrkard, fight pro
moter, who brought the picture of
the IiempHey-fatreiitler match Into
Illinois In violation of the federal
Colonel Chimin also may lie before
Judge I.andls and sk that an order
lie Issued restraining Itlckard and his
associates from exhibiting the Alms In
Colonel Cllnnln baa announced that
he Is prepsred to go the limit In the
case, Hid, In view of the fact that this
la the second time Itlckard has vio
lated the law, will ask that the maxi
mum penally he Inflicted. The Jaw
provldci. a $1,000 One, a year In Jail,
Fifty Trapped By Fir.
Macon, tia. Fifty persons are re
ported to be lrapieil hy a fire that
threaten to destroy the Brown House,
a hotel In the tenter of tbe business
district here. Others are retried to
have been Injured by Jumping from th
fourth and lifth stories of tbe struc
ture. The tire was due to the explo
sion of a nearby gasoline tilling station.
SOME BOY SCOUT GOOD TURNS.
Hloux City boy acoutf turned out to
tbe number of l,0t to make a house-to-house
rauvas for clothing to aid
the stricken people of Armenia.
Pittsburgh by scout gathered wild
flower all the spring and distributed
them, made Into attractive bouquets,
throughout tbe borital of the city.
Tulsa, Okla.. carried on a "spring
offensive" against tb bagwonn, and
collected nearly a ton of glaaa. sharp
piece of metal and other debrla frota
Ma Im ta Interest of Mr aafv.
" MRS. ALEXANDER, 82, DIES
Mrs. Mary Alexander, age 82, died
on August 20 at the home of her
daughter in Clark county. Mrs. Al
exander lived most of her I fe in
Madison county, and was buried at
Richmond, Sunday afternoon.
SNAKE MOUNTS THIRD FLOOR
OP FEDERAL BUILDING
A large snake Was discovered on
the third floor of the Federal Build
ing at Richmond. It was thought
to have crawled up by way of the
McDOUGLE OF RICHMOND ON
Dr. E. C. McDougle, of Richmond,
left Sunday to give lecture to
teachers in Ohio. He will lecture at
Xenin, Wilmington, Chillicothe and
WaV rh gton-Courthouse.
COLORED MAN GOES CRAZY
Frank Walker, a negro, living one
mile west of Bobtown, was brought
into Richmond court Saturday morn
ing for a lunacy examination. He
was adjudged crazy and sent to the
Insane Asylum at Lexington.
Clyde Bonwtt, charged with child
desertion, was arrested in Mcberley,
Mo., and brought back to Madison
county by Deputy Sheriff Jim
Bomett claimed that he was hunt
ing work and intended to send money
to his family as soon as he found
FOX HOUNDS SELL FOR $100
Chas. Powell, of near Kingston,
sold four young fox hounds to Luns
ford P. Yondcll, of New York, a few
day agot for $400. The hounds were
shipped to Greenwich, Cor.n. The
purchaser is president of a Railroad
TWO BOYS CONFESS TO STORl
Two of tbe boys who looted Rev.
J. W. Richardson's store near Panola
on August 13, have been arested and
lodged in Irvine jail. - Both confessed
to the robbery. One of them, lament
ing his hard luck to the officer, sug
gested that he ought to be given a
pair of shoe. The officer assured
him of a hair cut a pair of shoe and
(tripped suit of clothes.
TWO STILLS RAIDED NEAR
The Citisen receive word that on
August 24th two moonshine stills
were destroyed on Owsley Fork in
Big Hill section near Pilot Knob,
with 800 gallons of beer and malt.
The report says that Joe and Bill
Pigg and one other man were arrest
ed and were scheduled for examining
trial at Richmond before U. S. Com
mission Officer on August 24th.
Wood Must Quit Army.
Washington. Tb administration
bill, designed to authorize Major (ien
eral Leonard Wood to becom (lov.
eraor Oeneral of tbe Philippines, with
out retiring as au active ohicer of the
army, was placed upon the table by
the II oue Military Committee without
a record vote. Committeemen were
aid to have held it would be a daa
gerous precedent to establish. Prac
tically all coiniiiltle members were re
ported to have favored tabling the
measure, which. It is sa d. makea It
certain that tbe bill will be Uefaaled.
TO CANAL ZONE
AS BOUNDARY RULING IS MADE
PUBLIC BY THE STATE
Costa Rica's Stand Backed By Hughea
In Note Dealing With Diapute Over
Land Authorities Refuse to Ex
plainFighters Board Warship.
Western Newspaper Vnlon News Service.
Wuililnylnii. The United States lias
Informed the (internment of Panama
thnt hs friendly mediator between l'un
iinm mid Costa Il'.ca in their boundary
dispute, it does not "feel compelled
lo sucesl tliat t'oMta Klca deluy long
er In takinu jurisdiction over territory,
now held by Piinumu, and which was
ad Indeed to belong to Costa Hica by
the terms of the White award. Tho
position of the (ioveriimeiLt was stated
In a note transmitted hy Secretary
Charles t. Hughes to the (toveriimeut
of Piinumu August IS, and made pult
lie by the Slate Iiepurtmeut. Costa.
Klca fins advised the United Slates,
i lie note mi id, of its determination to
a.utne immediate Jurisdiction ove
the disputed territory.
Almost simultaneously with publica
tion of the note, it hecuine known that
a force of murines had embarked at
Philadelphia for the Canal Zone. Tho
et of the note says :
"The tioveruiiient of the United
State hus received the note addressed
by the Covernmeiit of Panama Aiiutt
0. After the moHt careful considera
lion of the statements contained In the
note of tbe (internment of Punaiii:,
iilmve referred to, tlie (internment has
reached the conclusion that the argu
ments advanced in the communication
ulreuily hate been answered in previ
"It Is regretted greatly that It has
proved to he impossible fur the Gov
ernments of Panama and Costa Itica
to come to a direct agreement for the
delimitation of that portion of the
boundary between the two republics
defined by the Whit award.
"In view of the fact thut the (intern
ment of Panama appeurs to be unwill
ing to carry out this delimitation iu
the manner provided for iu tbe Porrua
Andersou convention,' and Inasmuch
as a reusonahle time, mentioned in the
note of this tioteriimen, dated May 2,
1IC1, for ih reaching of an agreement
as to the manner of carrying out this
delimitation alreudy lias beeu afford
ed, there would seetu to be no reason
why the (internment of the United
States, as the friendly mediator be
tween the two (ioverntneuia, or by vir
tue of it special relations to tbe liov
riiment of Panama, should feel com
polled to sugcest to the (Internment.
of Costa Idea that It delay longer tak
ing Jurisdiction over Ibe territory
which now la occupied by Panamu and
w hich was adjudged to belong to Costa
"The (internment of the United
Stales now is advised by tb (intern
ment of Costa Klca that since It con
siders the Porras-Andersnn convention
Is in force, and since it believe that
there is no valid reason for delaying
lis complete execution any longer, it
is ready to assume Immediately the ju
risdiction over the territory above re
Germany to Sign Treaty.
Berliu. Unless unexpected compli
cations develop iu the uexl few day.
formal peace treaty with tb Culled
States will be signed by the lierman
(Joverameot tbla week. Chancellor
Wlrth's confidential discussion with
parliament a ry leaders of all partiea,
with the exception of the Communist,
now are concluded, aud a a result of
these exchanges of opinious and con
ttdeaces Ih (internment Is saured'of
aa ample majority iu tbe Itelcbatag.
By J. It. Robertson, Professor of Hia
tory and Political Science
The new treaty between the United
States and Germany is practically
completed and is expected to be
ready for submission within the week.
The work has been done very quiet
ly, and neither the United States
Senate nor the German Reichstag
have been able to learn much about
the contents. It is believed that the
treaty will embody much that was
in the peace of Versailles, except the
provisions regarding the League of
Nations. The only important diragrec.
ment, so far as rumor goes, was the
objection of Germany to sign again
an admission of guilt in starting
the war. The United States Senate
has had as little part in the making
of this treaty as the one it refused
to ratify, but there is reason to be
lieve it will act with little delay.
It is presumed by this time that
the way is open for America to be
gin the humane act of feeding the
starving Russians. The prisoners
held by the Soviet government have
crossed the border in accordance with
the agreement. A delay, however,
was caused by the demand of tha
Soviet representative, Litvinoff, that
American workers must be accom
panied by agents of the government,
and that the latter should have the
right to expell American food dis
tributors should they be suspected of
meddling in government affairs. The
first of these requests was granted
and the latter denied. Even so gen
erous an act on the part of Ameri
can philanthrophy was suspected and
illustrates the patience necessary in
dealing with that strange and delud
King Peter of Servia died during
the week and has been buried with
honor on his native soil. He was an
old man and had been sick for some
time. When the end was apparent,
it was his desire to be taken from
his enforced esnle back to Servia.
He waa a good king in a list of mon
archs not highly creditable. When
the war broke out and Austria's
declaration came, he took the lead,
even tho he had abdicated and
expected to turn over the burdena to
a younger man. His exile was spent
in Greece and in Switzerland. His
wife was a daughter of King Nicho
las of Montenegro. He died happy
because he saw his country free.
Sir Thomas Lipton, the famous
competitor with the United States
in the yacht race, is reported to have
abandoned further attempts at vic
tory. He has proved to be a most
splendid sportsman. Various reasons
are given for the decision. The war
greatly interfered with his business,
and yacht racing is an expensive
game. It is said the last race cost
him over two millions of dollars.
About the same time that the Sham
rock was beaten, the Erin was lost
at sea and with it the various tro
phies which he possessed of various
kinds. Moreover, he is well along In
years, and the last defeat was a dis
couraging one. He will 'not be for
gotten by lovers of racing.
Spain seems to be having more
trouble than she anticipated in sub
duing the Moorish tribesmen on the
desert of Morocco. Altho she has
been constantly sending more troops,
the Moors are at an advantage.
This is largely due to the character
of the country. It is very hard to
carried with difficulty. It ia aaid
food and water are scarce and aro
caried with difficulty. It ia said
the Spanjsh armies are dependent
for water on ice that is brought to
them by airships. Morocco ha valu
able resources and is the last of the
Moorish states to maintain its inde
pendence tho vader the protectorate
of France and Spain.
Representatives of the American
Legion have recently participated in
several dedications of monument in
France. They were present at the
unveiling of n monument of Joan of
Arc, in one of tha province that re-
reived it as a gift from the United
States. More important wa tho
dedication of a monument to the
American Expeditionary force in
Alsaca-Loraino. Marshall Foch wa
present, among other distinguished
men. The occasion waa mad one of
importance, and tha French took ad
vantage of tha event to suggest that
the Legion us it Influence to hava
(Continued on Page Eight)