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Interesting Bits of News Gathered
at the National Capital.
Seek Reason for
A 11 -M"
UTASHINOTON, Immigration om
IT clals who at first regarded the de
crease in Immigration ns of a tempo
rary character, havo determined upon
an Investigation to discover its cnuso.
The contlnuod falling off cannot bo ac
counted for, and It Is considered neces
sary to tako steps to ascertain wheth
er anything not now apparent to tbo
United States Is being dono to deter
people in foreign countries seeking
new homes from finding thorn hero.
It is known that tho peonage inves
tigation In tho south has resulted In
tho posting of notices In some coun
tries of Europo warning its laborers
not to como to tho United States, but
this has never been seriously regarded
as a reflection upon conditions here.
When tho unusual doparturo of the
laboring classes to Europe occurred
during tho early winter it was at
tributed to tho dull times following
tho financial flurry. It is doubted if
this condition, which has now been to
a considerable degrco supplanted by a
Gaines Will Be Missed from the House
JOHN WESLEY GAINES, the silver
tongued orator of Tennessee, the
guardian of tho Jackson Hermitage
and bearer of tho Democratic ark of
'the,cove'nant in congress for 12 years,
will no longer grace the floor of tbo
After his present term expires he
will return to Tennessee to take up
tho simple life and muse on the "ashes
of empire" and "what might havo
For John Wesley Gaines had ambi
tions as well as ability. Ho dreamed
of a day coming when the southland
would clalnvits own and when anqther
Andy Jackson would sit in the presi
dential chair and scatter tho evil birds
from the sacred temples of Democ
racy. But from these wild dreams Mr.
Gaines has just received a rude awak
ening. In the primaries in the Sixth Ten
nesseo district ho was defeated for the
renomlnation. Joseph. W. Byrne, a
cold-hearted corporation lawyer, who
told tho votors that Mr. Gaines was of
no account in congress, seems to
havo been taken at his word, for Mr.
Byrne won over Mr. Gaines by a big
majority. As tho nomination Is tan
tamount to an election, Mr. Byrno will
Spies Hired by Both of the Goulds
THE filing of a suit for absolute di
vorce by Mrs. Frank J. Gould has
rovealed how both Mrs. Gould and her
husband have been employing prlvato
detectives to watch one another. Mrs.
Gould placed detectives on her hus
band's yacht, Hclenlta, and It Is said
the evidence secured by these men
will play an important part in Mrs.
Gould'8 suit. Mr. Gould In turn placed
detectives in his wife's home as serv
ants, It is alleged.
Mrs. Gould will seek her freedom on
statutory grounds. Tho most sensa
tional feature In tho action has to do
with an eplsodo on Mr. Gould's yacht,
in which a young singer, whose name
has not been divulged, played a lead
Big Money Earned by
THERE are several Jobs In Now York
for women that aro "going bog
ging." The work pays ten dollars or
moro per day, and in some Instances
ovor a hundred per week, yet thero
is practically no ono to take up the
"Thero aro only three women In
New York who do this work, which Is
embalming," said tho nlsht managor
of an undertaking establishment.
"These throe are kept so busy that
we aro compelled, lu numerous cases,
to confen our inability to comply with
tho wishes of patrons who prefer wom
en embalmers, and so wo havo to in
trust tho work to men lustoad."
"it is really much easier than nurs
Halt in Alien Tide
steady demand for labor, can bo hold
responsible for tho continued decrease
which records kept now show. Sen
otis objection is mndo in certain coun
tries of Europo to tho rato nt which
emigration to tho United States hai
reduced their population. Tho United
Slates will now seek to learn through
Its representatives abroad whether
tho methods taken to keep immigrants
from this country aro such as to mis
roprcsent conditions here.
The number of immigrants for May
was 3G.317, as compared with 184,886
last year, and 160,327 In May, 190G.
Tho immigration from Russia, which
was 35,506 In May last year and 28,817
in May, 1906, this year, dropped to
3.SS0. Immigration for six months, in
eluding May, show an equally largt
falling off, tho total for tho period be
ing only 227,283, as compared with
674,6S4 last year and 616,503 the pre
Austria-Hungary, Italy and Russia
show the largest decreases. Tho do
creaso of thoso coming from Italy for
tho month of 32,591 suggests that
peonago prosecutions bavo been well
nnd perhaps not always truthfully nd
vcrtlscd. Small Increases aro shown
from China, the Pacific Islands, British
North America, British Honduras and
Mexico; all other countries show de
creases. tnke his scat next March.
But Washington will miss Repre
sentative Gaines. For, in truth, he
was one of tho most popular men on
tho Democratic side. Abovo all will
be missed his annual request for an
appropriation for tho care of "tho Hen
John Wesley has filled more pages
of tho Record than any living human
being since tho beginning of the gov
ernment's history. It speech be sli
ver, he has coined more of It than all
of tho mints since tho crlmo of '73.
John Wesley first sprang to fame
when "Bob" Taylor was governor of
Tennessee. One day there came to the
gubernatorial sanctum a tall youth
"I am John Wesley Gaines."
"Have a chair, Mr. Gaines," said
"I am Col. Colo's son-in-law," im
pressively added tbo visitor.
"Tako two chairs, Mr. Gaines," 'said
Whereupon John Wesley became
famous. Ho campaigned against J. R.
McReynolds for congress when that
young scion of the tennis cabinet
chartered a street car and a brass
band and went out to creato a bigger
noise than John Wesley. He didn't
and Gaines went to congress.
Now cometh young, Joe Byrnes to
smite the Goliath of the Sixth Tennes
see district While ho may fill the
place with credit, there will be an
aching void of dense and dignified
silence where once the corridors of
tbo national house rang with the
echoes of a people's wrongs.
It will bo alleged, according to re
port, that Mr. Gould has for several
years been training this woman's
voice for the grand opera stage nnder
the best masters in Europe, and that
she accompanied him on long cruises
on his yacht. A specific act of mis
conduct with the young woman will
be alleged to havo taken place three
or four years ago nt Sidney, N. S.
There will bo much testimony from
former members of tho Helenlta crew.
This, it is said, was only one of a
number of acts of misconduct to be
charged by Mrs. Gould against her
Mr. Gould has had his wife shad
owed for a long time, though It was
not until her old butler, Paul, found
one nt the Jealous husband's paid
agents peeking through a keyhole that
even tho servants suspected tho house
was filled with private detectives.
At tho present time acquaintances
of the Goulds say, Mrs. Gould has
spies In her husband's establishment
and the husband has spies In his
ing In a hospital," said another, "for
the embalming methods of the present
day are very simple. But whero there
are thousands of women who are
anxious to becomo nurses there are
none who desire to start on this work.
"A woman can show a greatei
amount of sympathy for the bereaved
relatives than a man Is capable of
"In many ways they soem so fitted
for" the work, and it Is beyond my
comprehension why women don't enter
"Tho fact that they do not fear the
presence of death can, bo easily proven
by Inquiry at the morgue or at any po
lice station. More women than men
gather at these places after some
"Thcto are embalming schools In
this city whero woman can ontor upon
n course tu this work, but vory few
do. Upon graduation they can obtain
work immediately, and probably get
ono or two caiss a day at tea dollar
THB CERBERUS OF TRADE
REPUBLICANS PREPARE TO
BLEED THE CORPORATIONS.
Probability That the Railroads Will
Be Largely Called Upon for
Funds to Keep Friends of
Monopoly In Power.
What Republican Is to do tho "fat
frying" this year? Thero Is no doubt
that Mr. Cortolyou would be best ablo
to undertako it. Ho knows all about
tho weak spots In the armor of tho
trusts and protected monopolies and,
therefore, Just about how much fat
can bo squeezed out of each corpora
tion without making them feel they
are being Imposed upon. Then the
Wall street financiers, who havo here
tofore been charging up their dona
tions to some corporation, must also
bo dealt with tenderly now they have
to draw against tholr own bank ac
counts, and who knows better than
Mr. Cortelyou Just how much to as
But there aro peculiar difficulties
this year In making collections, be-
causo the Interests that gtv; do not
repay for what has been dono for
them, but expect promises of protec
tion and advantages in tho future.
The tariff-protocted trusts will re
quire assurances that their particular
schedulo shall not bo revised, and
with a platform promising all kinds
of reform, although none Is intended.
It will be difficult to mako a skittish
trust magnate bcllevo ho and his In
terests will bo left alone, when the
Republican spellbinders and candi
dates aro assuring tho gullible Repub
lican voters that real reform Is in
tended. Rockefeller and Morgan will
evidently havo to do tho bulk of the
giving for the financial interests, for
they hopo to havo tho currency law
But thero Is a rich kottle of fat In
tho railroads that will yield enough to
grease all tho Republican machinery,
and allow tho politicians to live In lux
ury. Tho railroads aro poor now. In
consequenco of tho Republican panic
and the continued business depression.
but If they don't yield to the fat fryer
they may, expect that reform legisla
tion, heretofore threatened, might be
come a reality, Thon, too, nearly every
railroad has been a law breaker, and
some are still at It, and the ovldenco
s on file In the secret archives of tho
Interstate commerce commission. Yes!
Harrlman will havo to como down
again. Tho Republican fat fryer will
havo the evidence of rebating and re
straint of trade and high rntes at his
fingers' ends boforo he starts on his
mission of collecting tho tainted funds
to savo the country and incidentally,
of course, to save the railroad and
the Republican party.
The poor old Democracy will havo
to trudge along with about enough to
pay printing and postage, and rely
upon dollar subscriptions and volun
teer help. Unless all signs fall, tho
Republicans will be swimming In fat,
and all the now, so-called reform laws
and regulations havo been arranged
to help tbo frying process.
Still, it will need nn adroit fat fry
er. If the Democratic candidates
would demand publicity as to where
all funds come from and for what ex
pended, to be published every day
from tho opening of tho campaign,
thoy could put tho party of great mor
al Ideas, but of corrupt purposes and
actions, into a hole that would keep
them busy to cscapo from until elec
tion was over,
People Still to Be Milked.
Tho remarkablo "reasonable-profit"
tariff plank of tho Chicago platform
ought to satisfy every patriot that
thinks It right to compol tho poq'ple
to help him pay tho cost of carrying
on his business. It goes stand pat one
better! But what will those manu
facturers think of It who aro being
hold up to the last penny for their raw
material? What will-those think of
It who aro paying higher prices for
goods madq In this country than are
paid for thoso same goods by consum
ers In other lands thousands of miles
awayT An entirely Roosovelt conven
tion, Mr. Roosevelt himself, and Mr.
Roosevelt s candidate aro all agreed
that wo ought, not only to start our
Industries fairly In tho nice for su
premacy, not only to romovo overy
obstacle and handicap, but also to ad
just tariff taxes so as to give them "a
reasonable prollt" alter everything
heretofore deemed necessary had been
done. In thinking about this wo fear.
that many peoplo will havo to rovlse
their views as to who aro tho reactionaries.
,uou"ne8' l"BUO- 1 mdi I Dulol UudObuU Ud II
May, In tin Detroit Journil.
CAN NOT EVADE THE BLAME.
Republicans In Vain Seek to Lay Pan
ic to Democrats,
Tho Republicans In 1S96 had no
doubt as to who should bo blamed for
tho panic of 1S92-3, which was brought
on by tho reckless silver purchaao act
of 1890. That law was proposed by a
Republican administration and passed
In tho houso of representatives with
a udanlmous Republican voto In its
favor, and a unanimous Democratic
voto against it. Therefore, tho Repub
lican party proceeded to rcsolvo that
tho Democratic party was responsible,
for: "It has precipitator panic, blight
ed Industry and trado with prolonged
depression, closed factories, reduced
work nnd wages, halted enterprises,
and crippled Amorican production."
The Democrats can now retort in
kind by adopting that Republican
plank as exactly fitting present condi
tions for "every consideration of pub
lic safety and individual interest de
mands that the government shall bo
rescued from the hands of thoso who
havo shown themselves Incapablo of
conducting It." Tho Republican party
having had full control of the govern
ment for tho past 12 years, there can
be no Just accusation that tho devil
ish Democrats havo "precipitated pan
ics, blighted Industry and trade, with
prolonged depression," etc.
But tho brazen effrontery of our Re
publican frlonds was qulto equal to
the occasion, for to get out of the
panic mess they could not charge to
the Democrats, tho platform Just
adopted at Chicago declared that:
"Nothing so clearly demonstrates
tho sound basis upon which our com
mercial. Industrial and agricultural in
terests aro founded, and tho necessity
of promoting their continued welfare
through tho operation of Republican
'policies, as tho recent safo passage of
the American peoplo through a finan
cial disturbance, which If appearing In
tho midst of Democratic rule or tho
menaco of it, might havo equaled tho
familiar Democratic panics of tho
But havo tho American peoplo had
a safo passago through "tho financial
disturbance?" That great barometer
of trade, tho Iron Industry, is still
sleeping to all Intents and purposes;
bank clearances show a universal do
cllno; many thousands of unemployed
workmen still hunting a Job; railroad
earnings still falling and many divi
dends unpaid or reduced; many Indus
trial plants closed or running on short
time, docs not clearly show "their con
tinued welfare through tho operation
of Republican policies," but rather
tho reverse But, of course, tho Re
publican party still holds to tho fa
miliar theory that Providence Is back
ing tho partv of "great moral ideas,"
but of most astounding political cor
ruption and vlclousness.
A Scared Stand Patter.
The Protective Tariff leaguo must
be tinging loud hallelujahs In Its
sanctum sanctorum that tho sacred
tariff will bo revised higher if tho Re
publicans are successful at the olco
tton. Tho leaguo holds fast to the
fundamental nbsurdlty that a high
tariff protects not only tho manu
facturer, but tho laboring man bb well.
In fact, Mr. Charles A. Moore, presi
dent of the leaguo, who was In Chi
cago at the convention to seo that no
harm camo to tho sacred Dlngley tar
iff from Its friends, tho Republicans,
"If tho alleged tariff reformers or
revisionists prevail at tho convention
tho Incoming administration will be
pledged to a reylslon downward, mean
ing greater Importations of foreign
goods and tho displacement of Amort
can products, less production, loss em
ployment, and reduction of wages, aud
placing our peoplo on tho sarao basis
But tho danger from all these dire
ful predictions of disaster havo boon
warded off, and Instead of "revision
downward," wo aro promised "revision
upward," through tho addition to the
present law of a hlghor scale of du
ties, to bo known ua tho maximum tar
iff. So Mr. Mooro nnd his league of tar-iff-pampcrcd
trusts can now bo calm
as far as tho Republican party Is con
corned and turn their attention to the
wicked Domocrats, who aro for roal
tariff reform that will curb trust high
Taft may bo tho best man the Re
publicans could havo uomlnatod, but
tho Domocrats havo done bettor. This
is a mighty good yoar for Domocrats
to voto tho national ticket straight
against tho Roosovcltlan heresies
which aro Taft's only political stock la
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H. Uuchanan, J. J. C Uondurant,
T. A. Ledford, It. M.
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