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WILLIAM JENNINGS BRYAN
Democratic Candidate for President in Forty-eight Characteristic Poses, His Wife, Son and Two Daughters.
Sketch of Career of
Who Has Been
Active in Law,
IILL1AM J ENNINQS
BRYAN was born at
Salem, Marion county,
Illinois, on March 19,
1860. Ho was tho son
of Sllfis Lilian! and
Maria lSllzaboth (Jen
nines) Bryan. Hla (a
thor was a Virginia
man, lived in Culpep
per county of that
Btato until ho was 18
years of ago, when ho
romoved to Illinois,
and after his gradua
tion from McKendree
college, entered upon tho practice of
law at Salem. Politics also engaged
his attention. From 1852 "he served
eight years as state senator, and per
formed tho duties of circuit Jurtgo
from 1860 to 1872. He was a member
of the stato constitutional convention
or 1870. His death took place in 1880.
At Salem William Jennings Bryan
"spent his boyhood on a farm in com
pletely rural surroundings. Taught at
homo by his mother until ho was ten,
the lad attended the public schools
until his fifteenth year. After taking
a courso at Whipple academy, Jack
sonville, ho entered Illinois college in
1877, and graduated as valedictorian
from that institution in 1SS1. While
In colleges he took high standing as a
student, and was a member of Its lit
erary and debating societies. For two
years after his graduation he studied
law at tho Union Law colleges In Chi--cago
and in law offices.
On his admission to tho bar ho be
gan practice at Jacksonville. In 1887
he removed to Lincoln, Neb., and be
came a member of tho law firm of Tal
bot & Brynn.
The year 18S8 saw tho beginning of
bis career as a politician. In May of
that year he was a delegate to tho
Democratic stato convention, held at
Omaha, and there won a reputation
as a public speaker. His ability and
services- as an orator, displayed in
many subsequent addresses on tariff
reform and local Democratic Issues, led
to his nomination for lieutenant gov
ernor, but ho declined tho honor,
Entrance, Into Politics.
In 1890 ho' was nominated for con
gress by the First district Democratic
convention. The platform of that
convention, 'written by himself, em
bodied a free silver plank and de
mands for free wool, lumber, sugar,
coal and Iron oro on terms similar to
thoso afterward passed by tho houso
Mr. Bryan was elected by a plurality
of 6.713. Once in Washington he soon
mado his mark as an orator, a friend
of silver, and a radical advocate of
tariff reform. Ho distinguished him
self In the conferences of Democratic
members by voting for the most radi
cal reductions of duty, for cutting,
rates on manufactured goods and for
Inserting tho Income tax in the tariff
measure. His voto helped to bring
about the Income tax measure and
the coupling of it with the tariff sched
tiles. Besides being an actlvo worker In
committee, Mr. Bryan gained recogni
tion In general debate. Ho leaped at
onco into fumo by his speech on tho
tariff In tho Fifty-second congress.
Clearness of diction; force of reason
ilng and attractiveness of delivery
marked him qut at onco as ono of the
born orators of tho house. Ho spoke
on that occasion for tho united Demo
cratlc party, and was showered with
congratulations from all elements
Among his party associates.
Upheld Silver Standard.
Later Mr, Bryan turned his attention
more closely to tho silvor question,
and was soon traveling through tho
south and west denouncing tho Ini
quity of tho gold standard and pro
claiming tbo benefits of silver as a
.basis of currency.
Ills renominatlon came in 1892.
After making a brilliant campaign
against Judge Allon W. Field, tho Re
publican candidate, Mr. Bryan was
-again "elected. In congress bo now
added to his reputation as an orator.
Already recognized as an able cham
pion of the causo of tariff reform and
Democratic principles, be mado sev
eral notablo speeches on tho tariff,
the income tax, and other important
A second speech of his that became,
famous was that which ho delivered
August 16, 1893, against the uncondi
tional repeal of Uie purchasing clauso
-of the Sherman act of 1890.
During both his terms In congress
Mr. Bryan was a member of tho ways
and means committee, and did much
to further Important measures of leg
islation, He was nominated a third
time, but declined the honor.
Ills nomination for United States
senator fulloWud; but as tho Republic
ubs bad a majority In the legislature,
he failed of olection. It was in tho
-campaign of 1894 that Mr. Bryan held
two JsJat debates, one ut Llucoln,
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and the other In the Omaha Coliseum,
with John M. Thurston.
Out of congress Mr. Bryan gavo
most of his tlmo to the public discus
sion of national and stato politics. His
many speeches in favor of tho free
coinage of silver Increased his repu
tation until ho came to be recognized
as tho leader of tho Democracy In
Nominated for Presidency.
In July, 1896, ho was a delegate
from Nebraska to tho national conven
tion of tho Democratic party at Chi
cago. His fervid speech on that oc
casion In behalf of freo silver took
the delegates by storm and led to bis
nomination for tho presidency.
Although tho platform on which ho
stood oxclted much opposition from
many sources, Mr. Bryan claimed that
it represented his convictions, and an
nounced his readiness to defend every
plank. Immediately after his nomina
tion ho began ono of tho most vigor
ous and meroorablo campaigns ever
carried on by a candldato for tho
presidency. It is cstlmatod that dur
ing his canvass ho traveled ovor 18,
Two months beforo the nomination
Mr. Bryan Is reported to havo said,
In an Interview which he wished not
to be published at that time: "I
think I shall bo the next president
of tho United States'.' I am confident
that I shall bo noralnatod In Chicago,
and It nominated I am euro I shall bo
elected. I think McKluley will bo
tho Republican nominee, and ho can
be beaten. It is a matter I have
never said much about, but I believe
In destiny, and ever slnco I was 14
years of ago I havo felt that I was
destined to rlso to a position of prom
lnonco and Importance.
"When I was nominated for con
gress and elected, I regarded that as
a stepping stono to something great
er. Lately I havo been considering
tho question of tho presidency, and I.
somehow have a feeling that tho honor
of tho nomination will come- to roe."
After Mr. Bryan's defeat at tho polls
ho continued to advocato tho freo coin
ago of silver. Ha mado many speeches
on tho tariff question, ono of which
was delivered in Boston, whero he
has slnco spoken on sevoral occa
sions. Colonel In Spanish American War.
On the outbreak of tho Spanish
American war he was offered and ac
cepted the colonelcy of tho Third
Nebraska volunteors, and was for some
time with his regiment at Tampa, Fla.,
out aid not tako any actlvo part In
the struggle On his return to Nebras
ka Mr. Bryan again cnterod Into
the field of political activity, and
spoke against the schemo of colonial
expansion Introduced by the McKInloy
administration on tno cosbIou of the
riuiippino uiands by Spain.
In 1900 bo wus again nominated for
tho presidency by Democratic, Popu
list and sliver Republican conventions
but was onco more, defoated, recoil
nt In the electoral college us votes
against 262 for William McKlnloy.
Mr. Bryan was deeply Interested In
literature, and was sovornl times con
nected with Journalism, In 1MI-Q he
was editor of the Omaha World-Hw-
aid, and now carries on a weekly po
litical newspaper, Tho Commoner, at
Lincoln. In 1906 he mado a tour of
tho world and wroto descriptlre ar
ticles while abroad for a numbor of
American newspapers. Tho books ho
has wrltton Includo "Tho First Battle,"
1897; "Under Other nags," 1901;
"Tho Old World and Its Ways," 1907.
MRS. WILLIAM J. BRYAN.
Something of Wife of Democratic
Candidate for President,
Mrs. IJryan is a woman of Intel
lectuality and strength f character,
and had sho not become distinguished
as tho wlfo o( a renowned statesman,
sho might easily havo won famo for
her achievements In literature or some
Mary Kllztbcth Balrd was born at
Perry, HI., Juno 17, 1861. Sho camo
of good old sturdy stock, her rcothor,
Lovlna Balrd, being of English descont,
tho daughter of Col. Darius Dextoi of
Dcxtervillo, N Y now n part of
Jamestown on Chautauqua lako. Her
father, John Balrd, whoso death oc
curred May 3, 1005, was of Scotch
Irish ancestry, his llucago dating back
to Col. Henry Winter, otio of tho most
prominent men of Northampton coun
ty, Pennsylvania, In the early yeais of
the nineteenth century. In 182S Col.
Winter was a presidential oloctor from
Pennsylvania, and cast his vote far
Andrew Jackson. Ho was appointed a
courier to deliver the report of tho
electoral voto In Washington ud mado
the trip on horseback,-
As a girl Miss Balrd enjoyed good
educational advantages. Her education
was begun In tho public schools, after
which sho attended Montlcello semi
nary at Godfrey, 111., ono year, and tho
Presbyterian academy at Jacksonville,
111., two years, graduating from tho
latter Institution with first honors In
June, 1881. Sho returned tho next
year for post grnduato work. It was
whllo at college) that sho met Mr.
Bryan, and tho happy roinanco of her
llfo was begun. Ho was at that tlmo
attending tho Illinois college. Their
betrothal was mado while thoy wcro
both Juniors, their marrlago following
tour years later, In 1881, They resided
In Jacksonville until their removal to
Nebraska thrco years later.
Becomes Practical Partner.
In order to keep herself In closer
touch with his professional life, Mrs.
Bryan read law with hor husband as
Instructor, taking tho courso pre
scribed by tho Union Collcgo of Law
of Chlcaco Sho was admitted to
practlco in tho supremo court of Ne
braska In Novombor, 1888, uot having
the Intention of practicing as a means
of livelihood, but that hor knowledge
of tbo profession might bo of greater
valuo In tho constant and careful as
sistance sho rendored Mr. Bryan In
Mrs. Bryan Is also fond of literature
and tho languages. Sho dovoted ono
year to tho special study of lltoraturo
in tho Illinois college, and during moro
recent years has taken a postgraduate
course of ono year In florman at the
Nebraska Stato unlvorslty. She says
that every mother nccitmrlly kueva
her knowledge of 'LatTh somewlm
fresh In memory through, the ichw
days of her chlWrcn, whllo helpit.
mvm id vvmtiic-i urmr una TnfltH(k
Cicero, but for her own part she find,
her greatest ptwwtue In the stud tt
flcrnian. She Is fond of mutic
mnnt-n no ttrt'iraro "l Being an tdttf
In that art-
Mrs. Bryan b4leves that her f
and beat efforts should be dnvotc4 b
tho welfare of her homo and fimiii
B.it, .l.jtl.. . . .1.1. 1 . '
auv nunc, imm imimi'l) ail U1UCQ
her time that Uttta has been left f,
other work. She has been both mo-v
cr and companion to her children, tj
UK them through tho stntRnln
atliuui una, Kliinft ul Ctr Jen
nnu wisqom lor their growth In it
uon anil culture.
Thcro are thrco children, the tit,
uuui, who, since nrr marriage to u,
v. ii. ieviii in uciouor. JSOJ, U
mado her homo In Now Or Irani Tb-j
comes William J., Jr. a ttuu
vouin m is yenrp. wnn mpmirr
feet 11 Inches, and wcicht 1
tna ramuy, .miss uraco, wno bit n
Joyed aliout 16 summers, and la &
mcaniimo nas grown as tail u U
moiHcr, nu i which kocs io snc tu
. I ..... . 1 1 . .
.....it Co.... n,.,i,M . ..inttivi UATC If
istianhi in vain rw tern riain,.
" - - - - ...l.M ft-"-!
vrar Willi hi omit naiirIWr
iaviinpi m rvrHi uim ni in !
years of his llfo ho was blind.
Takes Up the Smaller Churthu
wcro Identified Kh a Prrih'.ri
. . I , t ..... I . L I .
II... 1 . 1.1 1 . V. n.4 .
neighborhood. At present the
attends service at a llttla ctaptlt
their country home, whero they !
turu and tho great Creator
litem simplicity ami sincerity in
to lo desired In divine scrtlctt
ostentation and display
navn niwuTB ucei Terr auric n
Mrs. Bryan, although sho hit i
no coRsldrabla time to the
moat of proficiency in any ir
ccpt that of swlmmlnc.
learned In tho commodloui til
In Unce4it. Dr lvlfi( affords htr i
ulas anil ata., taati nt nftF Mff
two splendid horses, her drlTtr i
fine saddro horso. Sho enjen '
as a mmm of recreation only -
is pravlng of value la extend
ltnwliUB of I tin warU and Itl
. Something About "Their Hew
The Bryan estate ouuldo of u
now comprlara aliout 150 arret
tile rolling land. In the setsa
1901 tho construction of the
mansion was begun. Ilcfcre n
IVnU; UI V. V M j a.-w
un vuvcnil rooms In Uio uki i
i iw.l sKaa. ihaiI liftnr t 111
nun invu vviv -
fortably. They could well l
. . . .. ...... . V 'i
inn. ror tno snicnuia uuor-'
ncnrlng completion Is, bcrsi fc
ono of tho finest private rrs:ds
bo found In tho west Tte
whlrti la built Of cllltiKJ tf.:
stone. Is situated on tho brcrfi
grassy eminence, which s!c;i n
ovcry dltcctlon, and from wu
obstructed view of tho crs -
miles around may bo enjojea.
fore tho name "FalrvlcV It V
nmnrln tn. Evorr modem cc3
! rmimi wlihtn ihla home, and u
iHn r.tr linn wlthlll reasons'"
dlstanco carries ono uircci. ,
in tno grcai nan un m -
Thomas Jeffersen, whllo Ju?
alaml tlioro Is USUSliy OUP-J"
tirlcolfiss old ntinch bowl cr
iiMn.t In thn hnrao of JCDCrKO-
lll,,rv la nmhalilv tne lai-i'"
In tho llrvin home. Here sroc
- --- . . - , tl
many valuable noons. "' -
Ulnr unr ri nt tlin CrCrtl ID' -
or ancient ana rooaeni
ntivnnlra nrn nn lllnnlaV hfff
bans the ono thing most in
with western llfo Is a fine tvr
i.,Imb nairln cattlurrJ
plains of Nebraska and insun-
nt rrlml of tho faniLi
r.n thn isittnuiMit noor l w .
nr vn n nlM rU Ht)tl 1IUU u
which la probably tno mo
room to many visitors who
c.irviciw." Here row "
. .i... .n.t valuable "
ih..mm..m t .niitiral and w
works, and a masslvo dc ;
it is nere mai ir. i.j" .-
..ti,.ini -uhrn at noniv-
Another room cipcclaily
. .. .K..m nf I
nonce is me ihudu.
tl.lnl llnnr. which Is mall"1"1:
: . . .. a.na
llnnlnrlv fnr lllfl IIICaiu. -
.... It LV
i tnnd una
pottery, cnrlous P0",'
clgn shores, queer H" no tt3
shells, awl several UL, S
. ... .i.i , InatrUCt tW. "
laughter of the houso m
for know euge.
... ..... ...ivnr are cc""
the welfare of b" home, ana
uro of iw family. V'i
character all the rcqu,
highest typ of wcmQ