Newspaper Page Text
Gossip of Washington
What Is Golnd On at tho
New Ships to Make Our Navy Lead All
WASIlINOtbS'. Tho nnvy depart
ment experts flguro that tho
Vnllod States; navy will be tho first In
rank In tho world when tho four now
battleships proposed by Secretary
Newberry have been completed.
Tho approximate tlmo ot tho com
pletion of these ships Is the closo ot
tho year 1911. Hy that dato there
will have been completed theso four:
Tho Dciiwiiro, itnd Dak6ta' and tho
Florida and' Utah.
Tho specific points mado by the ex
perts, however, is that tho four now
fhlps which havo been suggested are
to bo of 55,000-tons displacement each
and will carry eight It-Inch guns.
Such n squadron ( of battleships will
bo unlike' and superior to anything In
naval history, both as to displacement
and to main battery.
Tho nstoundlng- but absolutely true
statement is mado by tho navy ex
pcrts that tho 14-Inch guns will bo
effective at ten miles. It Is also stated
by these experts that Great Britain,
after tho appropriation by congress
for the tour proposed battleships, will
never be ablo to regain Jts lead In
modern battleships ovor tho ynltcd
States. Knglacd's greatest proposed
hatttcshlp, the Fondroynnt, is, accord
ing to tho details In tho United States
naval, .bureau of intelligence. Interior
to the Florida or tho Utah.
Tho report that Orcat ttrltnln was
building n 13.G gun has been run down
by tho naval authorities hero and they
state that It Is not true. It Is also
stated that thero Is no foundation
whatever for tho report that Germany
is building, or projecting ovon, flvo
battleships, each of Which Is to carry
12 12-Inch guns.
It Is ndmlttcd now that iho United
States stands second on tho list of
naval powers, and this Is largely be
cause tho United States naval relative
powor depends on modern ships
against which twenty or more of the
Hrltlsh so-called battleships do not
count and nro not to be taken Into
count, ticca u so not ono ot them could
approach within flvo miles of any of
tho United Stntes battleships evon ot
tho Alabama class. Above that class
In the United States nro tho South
Carolina, Michigan and, ot course, tho
American Drcadnaughts aro all above
that class. In ether words, the
United States has ship .for ship,
built and building, better and mora
powerful shps than Orcat Uritaln has
built nnd is building for tho noxt
Tho navy department confidently
expects to seo tho prediction of tho
experts rcallred in 1911 nnd the.
United States will lead tho world In
naval power. Tho experts declare
that when tho statement is mado that
Great Uritaln has nt tho present time
S4 battleships against 29 ot the
United States, It only means an ap
parent numerical excess nnd that
when the ships aro compared ono with
the other, thero aro more dead or
obsoleto types and classes in the
Hrltlsh navy than Id any other navy.
Alcohol School Opened by Government
THE government has now opened Us
alcohol school In tho city ot Wash
ington for tho Instruction of tho peo
ple of the United States In proper
methods ot making and using the de
Tor this purpose a model still has
been erected closo by the department
ot agriculture which Is big enough to
work up 25 bushels of corn a day, con
verting that quantity of grain into 75
gallons of, 95 per cent, alcohol that
is to say, 95 per cent, pure. The plant
represents the smallest outfit that can.
be conducted profitably on a commer
Tho farmers cannot very well seo it
for themselves, so arrangements havo
been made by which; they may learn.
about it. Agricultural experts from
the experiment stations in every one
ot me. states aro to go to. Washington,
axamlno the alcohol-making outfit, soq.
how (t works and listen to n course of
lectures explaining lta management.
It wilt bo their buslntoss 'when thoy Kb
homo to leach the farmers hqw 'to put
up and how to operate plants ot this
Inasmuch as such a plant could not
bo erected for less than $2,300 It Is
obvious that tho ordinary farmet
would -not bo.' able to afford- to con
.struct, one of. tho kind. Hot and here
is iuu (lujui u Kroup oi larnicrs rep
resenting a small neighborhood might
Then they would bring their corn
stalks "and other Btich refuse to the
"mill and rccclvo In return the al
cohol. It Is a simple method which
farmers .havo long been accustomed tc
adopt where flour and other neces
saries were concerned.
The farmers aro eager to find a
cheap source or energy. Nowadays
multitudes of them uso gasolcno fnt
such purposes as grinding' feed; cut
ting fodder and running 'the corn shel
ter, circular saw, horse clipper and
A farm in theso times is more ot
less ot a factory- Hut gasolene Is ex
pensive. Alcohol is comparatively
cheap, and when manufactured from
the farmer's '-own vegetable refuse II
would cost next to. nothing.
In Franco, there, nro 27,000 farmer
distllloro -who make alcohol for in
dustrial-purposed from, molasses1 and
fiugar beets It. is high time .that this
idea was turned to, profitable account
In tho United' States. Jtoltcn apples,
trost-blttcn potatoes, stale watch
melons, cornstalks and cobs and
every other, kind pf vegetable- refuse
are1 available.' for tho purpose.
Hearty Welcome for "Joe" Blackburn
T Is peasant 'to havo Senator Illack-l
1 burn back In. our midst again, to see.
his great, stalwart form Bwlnglng
through the streets, ti meet his semi
cynical, semt-humorous smile and to
feel his, heart)'' hand clasp, but It is
difficult to think ot him in any en
vironment save that ot tho senate
chamber whero ho passed so many
years. There has never been a mem
ber ot that distinguished body more
frankly, moro genuinely and generally
popular than "Joe" lllackburn. No
mutter how widely one differed with
him In politics, It was Impossible not
to llko him. for there Is .nothing about
him to dislike. He Is a prlnco ot good
fellows, a generous friend and a mag
U nanimous foe. When tho battlo Is on
ho flghtB with aj tbo f)ght tli.Qro Is
In him, but ho Is us quick to forglvo
and forget as ho Is to right and, once
the hatchet la burled, It tsnever
It was with resrot that Mr. Black
burn qft tho senate, but he has been
almost art happy In his now field as on
his old stamping ground and In the
short year and a half of his service
as ono of tho commissioners of the
Isthmian canal he has bec6ma as
popular In Panama as ho was In
Washington, nnd the style o life In
tho otd Spanish city 14 especially
pleasing to tho sllvor-tongued Ken
tucklnn. As everybody knows the
United States government houses the
public servants In Tanama In mag
nificent style. Tho stato In which
they llvo, Indeed, approaches that
formerly enjoyed by tho 8panlsh
grandees In that part of the world, and
tho rolo of a Spanish grandee admir
ably Buts Uiq former, senator from
the llluegrnss state, who is so adjust
able and so versatile that be is al
ways at homo no matter what his sur
roundings and so much at homo Is he
In Panama tlnU bis friends both, here
and there hopo ho will bo allowed to
remain during "good behavior."
Mint "Makes Moijey" for Your UncleSam
rliP director of tho mint has "mado
monoy" .for, Iho. United States in
"more, ways than one. Ho U rejoicing
5 because thb jwveWionVtdade'U profit
tdurlnfT tho ikcal y W Vjdcd' J'mi 30.
1908.' pf JtO,641.3U pn the coinage of
'silver) tnlckel, nnd one-cent ,bronze
plece ' , m ' "
TifclrcprvtVi' fllwi-dllIrcnco be
tween the' price paid by Iho govern
ment for tho luotalu nnu inclr coinage
Tho original deposits ot cold bullion
In tho mints and assay gtjlces during
tho fiscal year amountod to $207,415,
984 and uncurrent Unltod Status gold
coin of tho face vulue of -14,020,668
was received for rccolnago.
Silver bullion nnrrhnmul tnr anh.
stdlary silver" colhago during the yoar
aggregated 1H,01,273 standard ounces.
and mutilated and uncurrent United
btntcs silver coin of tho face valu
' Iho e6lria&Vx,ecuieJ by tho mint
during Uioiflscal yearMDOS amounted'
to 1197,238,377 in gold, of which ,11,00.
182,120 wore in doitblo eagles, and IV
Qn A-n I.. i r vfc.-.U-li . - - '
pared by-the 'American Wlptor, Uhe
late Augustus sain uauaens.
The amount ot subsidiary silver
coin executed was 116,530.177.
TO DELUDE VOTERS
REPUBLICANS PLAN EVASION OF
Surrender to Tariff "Standpatters" Is
to Bo Blamed on the Senate
People Will See Through
Of course It Is nccewary to find some
thick-skinned scapegoat that will take
nil tho blame If tho llepubllcan party
should, after all. squirm nnd evade Its
ante-election tariff reform pledges.
Just now tho public mind Is being
rrennred for an Intimation that. If
consumers' burdens aro not lightened
In the now tariff bill, tho wicked sen
ate will bo responsible". Even
though Presidentelect Tafl and the
houso wnys nnd means committee
should Jointly battle for the toilet ot
consumors, we aro told to expect cer
tain emasculation of n genuine tariff
reform bill by tho upper house.
Thnt might mean n presidential
veto, and an nppeal to tho people. And
again It might not. Politically, it
would merely mean that the Repub
licans were making an attempt to
keep faith with the people, and thnt
tho senate must tako all responsi
bility for failure to do so.
A dog that chases his tall In n never-
ending clrclo seems to be very much
In earnest. Tho results aro not com
mensurate with the dog's apparent
sincerity ot purpose. Tho tariff stand
patters would llko to pacify popular
sentiment without accomplishing any
thing In tho way ot real tnrlff reform.
It all resolves Itself into whether
the Republicans, as a national. party.
means to back up their nnto-elcctlon
tariff reform pledges with real legis
lation In tho Interest ot consumors, or
whether these pledges wero for po
litical effect only. The senate-may be
dominated by trust agents, but that
Is not necessarily a final obstruction.
There are methods of bringing even t
rebellious senate to terms. If tho ad
ministration desires to heed the peo
We will soon seo how much of the
Republican programme is based on
the known wishes of tho great body
of consumers. Tho robber trusts do
not seem especially perturbed. They
will not object to a game of politics
in tho houso. It their atandpat friends
In tho senate consent to act tho role
Meanwhile, state after stato In the
producing west Is declaring for popu
lar election of United States senators,
which may havo a sobering effect on
tho standpat program.
Nothing to Pear.
It tho sole result ot tho secret serv
ice operations against hitherto unac
cused members of congress is to lodge
an abortive charge at the door of Sen
ator Tillman tho president might well
have used the federal detectives on
so mo other mission.
It this Is tho not spoils ot tho chase
It Is doubly unfortunate First, be
cause Senator Tillman has dono tho
country somo real sorvlce, and even
has enlisted heartily In support of
good Roosevelt measures, although a
Democrat, with no love for either
Roosevelt or Roosevelt's party. Sec
ondly, because Senator Tillman was
notoriously n personal enemy of the
president, and . whatever Indictment
Mr. Roosevelt might bring against him
would lose weight by reason ot that
Dut It does not seem that Tillman
has committed any crime, or ho surely
would have been under prosecution
for It by this time. Inasmuch as the
secret service operators did not bring
in KoraKer tor nis relations witn
Standard Oil, and failed to entrap any
other members of congress constantly
engaged In sorvlng special Interests, it
certainly seems that, whatever any
members of congress might have) to
fear from letter-fllo thieves there was
no real reason tor any ot them to fear
the secret serlvcc.
8PIE8 OF PRIVATE HATRED.
The Dignity of Congress.
The resolutions ndontod aro Irre
proachable In dignity, restraint and di
rectness. The Issue is clearly stated,
yet not overstated; It is driven homo
with terseness and force; thero Is not
a superfluous word. Tho house could
have dono no less than adopt them, In
view ot tho provocation it had re
ceived, and its action spreads on the
record one of tho finest pages In its
history. For, by this action, the houso
proclaims Its belief, in its own moral
soundness, even at tho cost ot rebuk
ing and defying ono of the most popu
lar executives ever In tbo White
House. It does not face tho exocutlve
trembling with fear, whou Its own
honor Is Involved. It dares to strlko
back, and It does so In ruppniiHo a
worthy senso ot Its own honorablo
traditions. Springfield (Mass.) Re
publican. President's Vindictive Spirit
We do not bellove that President
Roosovelt would be a competent 'wit
ness In any case that might be brought
against him (Senator Tillman), and
we should receive any toitlmony of
fered against him by the president's
detectives as Inspired rather by a
spirit on his part to punish an enemy
than to do Justice. Charleston News
A belief shared by many level
headed persons not luvolvud la Mr.
ltoouetolt'8 Innumerable squabbles.!.
1 ' ' Didn't Have Time. 3'
It should bo remombered on betalf
of .Castro, bpwever, that ho became . ah
ex-president without having an Afri
can hunt "outfitted" for him, or"at-
(aching himself to the payrolls ot any
high-class periodicals. Richmond
Uts President Roosevelt Has Mads ol
the 8ecrt Service.
Certain secret service agents, paid
by tho people of Iho United Slates,
woro used by a president of the Uni
ted States as spies or private- detectives
In nn Investigation that was prompted
by personal hatred.
Tho discoveries of these secret
scrvlco agents In the ease of Senator
.Tillman either wero such as to, re
quire the prosecution of Benator" Till
man by tho government authorities or
they did not warrant legal proceedings
If iho evldeneo collected by the
spies who hounded the man whom
Mr. Roosevelt hated wan sufilclcnt to
wnrrnnt his prosecution under the
laws of tho United Btates, then Mr
Roosevelt not only failed In his sworn
duty but ho also gavo tho llo to his
own professions as contained In a
messago addressed to congress five
dnys ago, when he said:
"If I had proof of such corruption
affecting any member of tho houso in
any matter as to which tho fedoral
government has Jurisdiction action
would at once havo been brought, as
was done In tho cases of Senators
Mitchell and Hurton nnd Representa
tives Williamson. Herrmann and
Drlggs, at different times slnco I have
been president. This would simply
bo doing my duty In the execution and
enforcement of the laws without re
spect to persons."
If, on tho other hand, tho Investlga
tlons of tho spies of personal hatred
afforded no ground for official proceed,
ings against Mr. Tillman, hut merely
revealed circumstances discreditable
to him short of criminality, then tho
publication of the results of tho spy
ing by Mr. noosovelt for tho gratifica
tion of private spltd Is nn offense dif
ficult to charactcrlto adequately. It
is an abuse of official power fairly de
serving Impeachment . it Is a personal
abuse ot official opportunity combin
ing tho elements of cowardice nnd au
dacity, and without precedent, we be
lieve, la tho career'of any gentleman
who has ever inhabited tho Whlto
Houso. New York 8un.
PAYNE HAS NEAT SCHEME.
Declaration That Has Let Tariff Cat
Out of the Bag.
Chairman Payno of tho ways and
means committee la credited with a
nice, new plan to prevent tariff frauds,
by which, ho explains, he proposes to
savo the country millions filched from
us every year by foreign exporters
who undervalue their goods In our cus
Thero Is a fine margin between
wholesale prices and manufacturing
costs. Mr. Payno'a establishment of
the wholesale. Instead of tho manufac
turing, cost aa a basis for ad valorem
riuiip would slmnlv add tho whole
saler's profit over manufacturing cost
to tho amount of tariff levied.
Under such a law It would be qulto
nosslblo to rcduco the averago tariff
from 47 per cent, as at present, to,
say 35 per cent., on the printed sched
ule nnd vet reallr raise tho nboluta
tariff to CO per cent or 60 per cent,
Furthermore, tho American manurac
tnrer would havo It In his own power
to fix tho tariff to suit him.
Mr. Paynoa careless declaration ot
Intention baa let tbo tariff rat out of
the bag rathor unfortunntely for Mm,
for congress daro not raise tno tann
and that Is exactly what Mr. Payno
proposes to do.
The President and the Tariff.
While tbo president has been
preaching on every imaginable text ex
cept tho tariff text, ho has known, It
ho knows anything surely, and Is not
mentally n more rouddlo ot texts and
assumptions, that the tariff was en
riching tho trusts and paying twice as
much to the inllllonalro as to the cus
tom houso officer. Had ho really wish
ed to benefit tho people, .and sacrifice
his own vanity a little, tio would havo
used somo of his abuslvo language
against the tariff thieves and hogs
whom Mr. Adams baa to forcibly com
mended to bis notice. A little of the
rhotorlc wasted on (lor. Haskell and
Delavan Smith could have been use
fully employed against the men who
filled his campaign chest In 1904, and
who rushed to tho rcscuo of Mr. Taft
last summer. No American politician
can long pose as a reformer who doeB
not discover and pronounco against
our tariff as the cause of most ot our
plutocratic ovlls cither tho rmnotu
or tho contributing or the direct
causo ot that hurtful access ot the
millionaire- spirit from which wo havo
sufforcd since McKlnley first beat
llrynn, Hoston correspondence In
Taxed to Build Up Trusts.
Woatern consumers aro being taxed
heavily by the railroids to pay arti
ficial rrlces for steel, rails. Tho
makers of theso rails aro embarrassed
by the prodigious slzo of their private
fortunes. They are not all . as wise
and generous as Carnegie in trying to
give back to tho .ooplo a portion of
It Is the aamo with ol and othet
staples, Tho "Infant Industries" of tho
past aro tho law-dcfylng, powerful, ar-,
rognnt trust of the present, con
sumers are being taxed to build up a
.financial oligarchy thnt defies tho gov
eminent of tho United States.
Carneglo at least Is honest endugh
tq takn hJs scat ph. tho stool, pf repent
ango 'ami teUjhotUi. . t 4
,, Arrogant Special .Privilege.
Xho American jepubllq hasjiful two
separate and dlstlpct" Indq'strl&t
-growthB. Tho tariff has'lllled'tho cast
wlth Industrial feudal haruM. and
filled tho west with Industrial serfs
Special prtvllego always becomes ar
rogant upon what it feeds.
ANGRY BOAR KILLS A
HORSE; INJURES OTHERS
ENRAQED ANIMAL TEARS OPEN
CHEST OF EQUINE THAT
Houston. Tex. Tho wildest boar
that ever deluded a Texan was owned
by R. II. Keywurth, a Houston dairy
man, until tho boar killed one of Koy-
worth's horses, Injured two other
horses, two mules and two cows, and
terrified Mrs. Keywurth nnd a band of
The boar was i blooded Uarkahlre
animal, weighing 700 pounds, mid as
tall as a yearling calf. Keywurth val
ued It nt $(0 and was as proud of It as
ever n man was of bonr.
Tho boar's frisky moment came
when Keyworth hapwned to be ub.
sent from thn dairy and Just as u
Tht Boar Sprang Furlcuny at th
wagon drawn by two horses drove
Into tho lot In which his pen wot sit
uated. Tho boar broke down hla pen.
One of the hones did not like his In
qulsltlveness and kicked htm under
tho wsgnn. and with hla mate started
off. Tho wagon rolled over the boar
before ho had recovered from (ho
kick, but aa the wagon was not dam
aged the boar did not seem to mind,
and after shaking a little of the accu
mulated mud off hla back and sides
he started for the offending horse.
Workmen employed at the dairy
thought It time to InteVpose and ap
proached the boar. They soon retreat
ed, for the angry animal showed his
tusks and made for the meddlers, who
wore glad to climb over n convenient
fence. The boar then turned hla at
tention to tho horaoa again, and,
aprlnglng the on ono that had kicked
him, he ripped his cheat entirely open,
He then attacked the other horse and
after crippling him turned his atten
tion to two mules. After Inflicting
various wounds on them, despite their
kicking protests, Iho boar attacked an
other hnrao and Injured It.
Armed with ropes nnd sticks, the
workmen, although terrified by the
boar, returned to their nttack and
finally drove him Into his pen, where
tho bars were put up. Tho animal's
dander waa up and ho broko out again
and went after two cowa In the lot.
When Keyworth came homo and
heard the thrilling story of tho fight
ho went after his shotgun and emptied
a load ot buckshot Into the angry
CHILLY BATH FOR BAPTISM.
Ten Converts Are Immersed In lee
SL Joseph, Mich. An act ot endur
ance, prompted by their sincere Chris
tian belief aa members ot tho Church
of flod, was exemplified In this city
tho other afternoon beforo a curious
audience ot 1,000 people who wero
grouped abou" on tho snow and ice
clad shore of Lake Michigan.
Promptly at 2:30 p. m. Rev. August
F. Schmltz, local pastor of tho Church
ot God, marched from tho nearby
boach, followed by ten converts, out
ovor the Ico fields to a hole In the Ice
about 100 feet from shore. Rev. Mr.
Sehmltx opened tho ancient christen.
Ing ccretnouy by offering up a prayer
In airman. Ho then entered the leu
chlllod water by descending by tho
uso of a ladder until ho stood up to
his chest In tho wator, surrounded by
small particles of floating Ice. I-'ach
candidate was then in turn submerged
In the water while in thevarms of their;
Thn lnit tn bo Immersed wna a lad
said to bo 72 years old, natlvo of 11 us J
sla. Tho converts as well as tulnlsterj
were clad In only ordinary clothing,
whllo three of the women wero bap
tized whllo barefoot.
Tho Church of God waa founded by,
Rov. D. A. Warner of Orand Junction;
Mich,, In 1884, and In now claimed to
huvo a membership of several thou
sand, representing several of tho targe
cltlcM of this country with many dclo
gates preaching their croud (u, the
heathen countries ot tho world, llov.
Mr. Suhmlti has n congregation ot 100
members In St. Joseph.
Princess Augusts a (Model.
The kaiser's new daughter-in-law.
Princess Auguste, who Is n sister of
the duchess of Snxe-Coburg and a
niece ot tho kalsertn, is a very do
mestlcated girl. Slut-Is not specially
good-looking, nor Is she very smart!
but she Is exceedingly unliable and
capablo. Hlio has all htr Imperial
aunt's lovo of home, and has beeit
carefully trained by her in nil bur
fjsssk. w mm m,w
BBBBBBBBBV A . C
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afULU UI LLMUIHU UHLKr.IV"i VTm,
KIND HEARTED JANE,
Jant Yr. tturn a t m 11.
ens witn it, ages a,..'
HOME COUCH CURE.
CW in vntip f1ttiit?f t .
ounro Czatipttr&tA r
two ounce of glyceric? b&Hife
cool whlikcy, mix I' t? .vt
tn ((tat att n lMthM.t..t a . .
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Hft frsftftnfwt tnm tvi jt4fl ..... . .
on If In half nunrn hnif4 .4
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m U V ft M Milt. I lk.1. !! t
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'A Difference In Dtgrtt.
I lint lovo cake ti.l l.tzib
Ingly. 'It's awful rue"
.... '1 1 1. JT a.t A . .1 ...
say 'very.' And ay xt' '"''
nice, ow ee if f3u eta rtsat
sentence correctly '
" I III A If M " muaiM Il'WU -
'bout bread." Kwjbaiy
For tht Public Tnti.
"funny paper" Take tkree ncA'
In-law, two Irlahrcrn oa
ono or two tough k!t!i ail i
mix and stir wen a jar
to add flavor firrinN'
iplco and ginger anil riftlii
drawings. The addl'La of a
narusenso la anvisavjr
ing. Tne uian n ui.n
Ihiiiitrh nmtrhlnc ll not MCI-
Prom n aurloutir ziti J:tf
editor received Ibli n
wiiti . ,nni rnmrni i i i
tmnvv Anftlll-h tn tt f t-
"Dear Sir I real a . ls
mv wile, anu co i - ' -
....... i ..4r
isow, i navo u ca
when a man's wlf. . l
Jokes they are bouid 'Jl""
-or sbols. Yours t" , ,
turn envelope w
writing on the marr, 3
f tie U-
' And the Other Kind-
. . .u. I ra a r'cs
. i., Jntf
corrior at nn eariy r ;cru.-. --
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, war to work! NofTB'-" B
Were "forcing theitt-c' m
causo It meant their c -- J
the others cheerfu.ly aJ
suing their way bec.u.e cfW
It Is a fact that cne's ia JT
lO UU Vlllll l ' M.
if nn i.nclne has vol, -'".
s fired with poor c'it' "
certain. Isn't If . -1.M It
. Trt-atlng your n" k
Keystone mm ", ,fl
health's temple and y- a
most nourishing ana oea
TlWiniU HJIU ' ' . Art
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l... .,lh vll llo to i '""-
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uso Orapo-Nuts eve v r t
work is more Hrt2Ut
Vnev w.. . . a IV -
brain well pourl W ,. ,i
Read the "Road a ' ,
packaLe-"Tl0, a u