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The Centenary of Darwin
Horn Fclwaary 13, 1800
wc can fix you up
if you want
TIN WORK, PLUMBING,
METAL ROOFING, STEAM
FITTING, GUTTERING, &c
Wc also sell Dry Batteries and Gasoline
-IIIJST O.N TUB .MtRKUT-
COTTON & ADAMS
Tuesday in this city, Deputy
Leander Roberson made an import
ant capture in the person of Walter
Gafford, a negro bootlegger, who
was caught at the depot as he was
in the act of leaving town for a new
sudpIv of the joy juice. He was
hauled before Justice R. A. Browder,
where the prosecuting witness was
Claude Dublin, who swore that the
"coon" had sold him liquor in the
magistrate's jurisdiction. The negro
was fined $60 and costs. He had
no money and was taken to Hick
man to lay out his fine. Fulton
We don't know how it looks to
the rest of the tax payers of the
county, but it looks to us like there
is too much free board and lodging
meted out of the public funds to a
lot of big, strapping law breakers.
At the same time, the streets of the
cities and roads of the county need
work. If there was a little more
work and less recreation attached to
jail sentences, there would be fewer
jailbirds, and more mcney in the
Things Worth Knowing.
Powdered alum applied to a fever
sore will prevent It from becoming
If a little flour is sprinkled in the
pan when eggs are being fried it will
prevent the hot grease from sputter
ing on the stove.
Hard water can be easily softened
for toilet purposes if a muslin bag
containing fine oatmeal be squeezed
out in the water before using. Fresh
oatmeal should be used every day.
A little fresh cold cream should
be kept on the toilet table during
the cold weather and applied to Ihe
lips and Lands every night if the
skin seems at all rough or chapped.
To remove the odor of onion, from
a knife, dip it into cold water, then
dry and polish it. Hot water tends
to set the odor of onions, both on the
knife and hands, and for this reason
should be avoided.
On February 22, at 1 p. m., a
Declimatory Contest between the
schools of Martin, Fulton and Hick
man will be held at Fulton.
Frank C. Smith and Will E. Bon
durant, two of our bright high school
boys will represent Hickman. Judg
ing from the participants from our
town, we feel the gold medal given
by the Ctvic Improvement League,
will be brought over to Hickman.
This section of the State was
struck by a gale last Friday night
which did more or less damage. Ve
locity of the wind was about 62
miles. A tenant house in West
Hickman was unroofed, a number of
small boats on the river were sunk
or driven ashore, including the tow.
boat, Charlottt No. 2, which sank in
14 feet of water near Columbus.
This was followed by a cold snap of
two days, driving the murcury down
to 11 above zero.
February 12 next has been set
apart as a special legal holiday to
commemorate the centennial anni
versary of the birth of Abraham
If I tomorrow nlsht ahoiilit ill.
Yon oull emlenror to forget
Sty fMilta, my wenknesaea, mid try,
lVrlinpa, toeten mwtnlfy
The virtue tlint at ore mint, nncl k-t
Your Jmlirinont of in rest, nt laat.
Upon my worthy ilcmti nlone:
You would force t. hf!i nil wa pnit.
The wmkor trnltn thiit t hml alinwn.
Why will you not, ere I ilrpnrt,
OVrlook my fnulta aninetlinea mid are
Ami Judge with klmlneaa In your heart
Why w 111 you cot. twfore I atnrt
Upon the lone. latt Journey. w
Content to Judge me by tko lot
And fnlrvst thing, I've done nncl anUI,
And kindly overlook the rot
M'hy will you wlt till I am ileiwlf
Deafness Cannot be Cured.
by local nppllrntlon. iu they ennnot rrnoh
the cllsfnjfxl portion of the enr. There It
only one wny to cure dentneaa, nm! that ti
by conatttutlonal remedlea. Peafneat la
caused by an Inflamed condition of the
mucoui lining of the KuatnchUtn Tube,
When tbl tubo la Inflamed you have a
rumbling aound or Imperfect hearing, nnd
when It la entirely cloacl, Denfneaa Is the
reault.and unleaa the Inflammation rail be
taken out and thli tube rentnml to Ita
nonnal condition, hearing will bedcatroyed
forever: nine coxes out of ten nre caused by
Catarrh, which It nothing: but an inflamed
condition of thu mucous surfacea.
Wo will give One Hundred Dollars for any
caan of Denfnea (cauted by catarrh) that
cannot be cured tiy HallN Catarrh Cure.
Send for circulars free.
F.J.OHKBYACo. Props., Toledo, O.
Hold by all DruggltU.TSc
Take Hall's Family Mils for constipation,
The dash of ginger which one
finds quite often, sadly lacking in
the lyric of musical comedies is at
tractively present in copious quanti
ties in "Dan Cupid." This applies
to the show in both an individual
and collective sense. The admirable
individual work suggests great am
bition in the heart of each person in
the cast and the whole comedy dis
plays the presence of a master hand
This attraction will appear at Opera
House Feb. 8.
The Fourth Assistant Postmaster
General has caused a circular to be
issued addressed to all of the post
masters at rural delivery offices in
Kentucky, Tennessee and Arkansas,
directing them to call the attention
of rural carriers to Sections 47 and
98 of the rural delivery instructions,
which read as follows: "Rural car
riers shall not, either in person or
through others, directly or indirectly
by any method, solicit money, gifts
or presents, nor issue for profit sou
venir or postal hand-books, nor co
operate with nor assist publishers to
secure the patronage of the public,
compile directories for public use,
nor assist in compiling them; nor
furnish the names or address of pa
trons of the services for pay or fav
or to any business establishment or
Individual ; but he may furnish such
lists to those officials who, under the
regulations, are eotitled to them.
"Rural carriers shall not solicit
business or receive orders of any
kind for any business or corporation,
and shall not, during the hours of
employment, carry any merchandise
"Provided, that said carriers may
carry. merchandise for hire for and
upon the request of patrons residing
upon their respective routes when
ever it shall not interfere with their
official duties and under such regu
lationr as the Postmaster General
George Ade is said to be making
more than $10,000 a year writing
plays. It pays to be funny sometimes.
N the list of great men
w hoBO one hundredth an
niversary of birth occurs
this year, the name of Dar
win standi out with full
prominence. An English bl-
ocrapher closes hts record of
the famous scientist's life with theso
words; "A. marvellously patient and
successful revolutlonlior of thoutht;
a noble and beloved man."
Simplicity, kindliness, geniality,
modesty, courare, were distinguishing
trait of Darwin. Arrogance and pre
tense had no place In his make-up.
He loved truth for truth's take, n3
was wllllnt to search for It tirelessly.
Although he held at the time high
rank as geologist and biologist. It was
not until the. publication of "On the)
Origin of Species by Means of Natural
Selection, or the Preservation of Fa'
vored Races In the Struggle for Life,"
his theories began to make great stir
in the world. In the retirement and
qutet of his country home In the vil
lage of Down, Kent, he had for years)
been making patient, laborious study
of the mystery of species, and In the
work put forth at the age of SO he
propounded a theory of biological evo
lution, what Is known as the "Darwin
ian theory." In evidence of his gen
erosity and modesty, attention ahould
be called to the attitude taken by htm
regarding an essay written by the nat
uralist, Mr. Alfred Rusaell Wallace, In
February, 1858, In which Mr. Wallace
pat forth the same theory as that he
himself had arrived at; "the two men
having. Independently anal unknown to
each other, conceived the same, very
Ingenious theory." Darwin was strong-,
ly Inclined to withhold from publication
the memoir he had ready on the sub
ject, yield priority and all honors to
Wallace; but the matter was settled
by laying before the Llnnean society
selections from the papers of both
men, Darwin's paper was read In July,
1158, his great work appeared In the
fall of the following year.
As Is well known, Darwin's -evolutionary
theories were regarded a
very revolutionary, and violent attacks
were made on views and author, espe
cially by the orthodox and religious
Journals. Denunciation, satire and
ridicule were employed to express the
Judgment of revlowers, but tbo one
who had caused all the agitation se
renely kept to his way, not answering
attacks, but making corrections and
additions to his work. A second edi
tion of the "Origin of Species" ap
peared six weeks after the first, a
tblrd came out a little more than a
year after the second. By the time
of the sixth edition, 1872, Darwin was
able to declare that almost every
naturalist of the day admitted this
great principle of evolution.
In 'The Descent cat Man" be came
out oponly with what had been Im
plied In the "Origin of Species," be
lief In the evolution of man from ani
mal ancestors; "after discussing the
steps In the genealogy of man, he
comes to the conclusion that from the
old-world monkeys, at a remote period,
proceeded mnu, 'the, wonder and glory,
of the unlvorse."
Ills first botanical book. "On the
Various Contrivances by Which Or
chids Are Fertilized by Insects," was
brought out In 1862, and pronounced
"the most masterly treatise on any
branch of vegetable physiology that
had ever appeared." This was followed
by "The Movement and Habits of
Climbing Plants," later by a work on
The Variation of Animals and I'lants
Under Domestication. "The Expres
sion of the Emotions In Man and Ani
mals" appeared In 1872. The work ea
"Insectivorous Plants" was published
la 1875, this follow by "The Effect
3f Cross and Self Fertilization In the
Vegetable Kingdom." "The Different
Forms of Flowers In I'lnota of the
Same Species," and "The Power of
Movement in Plants" works of In
finite value to the science of biology.
As Illustration of his wonderful pa
tience In research mention should be
made of his study of earthworms, car
rled on for a period of 30 years, the
result of this study presented to the
public In bis last contribution, "The
Formation of Vegetable Mould
Through the Action of Worms." In
this work he says: "The plow Is
ohe of the most ancient and most val
uable of man's Inventions; but long
before he existed the land was In fact
regularly plowed, and still continues
to be thus plowed, by earthworms. It
may be doubted whether there are
many other animals which have played
so Important a part in the history of
the world as have these lowly or
Darwin suffered roost of his life from
stomach trouble, and waa not ablo to
work continuously through the day.
had to conserve his energies with
Charles Robert Darwin was born at
Shrewsbury, England, February IX,
180, the same day that Abraham
Lincoln was born. He was son of Dr.
Robert Darwin and grandson of Eras
raus Darwin, naturalist and poet. His
maternal grandfather was Joslah
Wedgewood, the celebrated pottsr. The
family was in affluent circumstances,
the naturalist all hia llfo In a position
to pursue his studies uninterrupted by
financial worries. He early showed
perhaps more than a boy's usual taste
for collecting, and amid the flowers
shrubs and pets of his father's home
The Mount began the study of Na
ture. During a period of work at Kdln
burgh university he evinced much In'
terest In zoology, later at Cambridge
was strongly attracted to natural his
tory. Cambridge associations brought
him Invitation to Join aa naturalist the
scientific expedition of H. M. S. Bea
gle, and in 1831 Darwin set forth on
that long and fruitful voyage which
was to color and mold all his future
work. The voyage lasted five years,
and though persistently troubled by
chronic sea-slcknesa, Darwin was In
defatigable In work. His book, "A
Naturalist's Voyage Round the World,"
la very widely known, His contribu
tions on the structure and distribution
of -coral reefs and geological observa
tions on volcanic Islands and on South
America were of highest value.
Three years after the close of the
voyage. In 1829, he married his cousin,
Emma Wedgewood, a union that
proved very happy. There were nine
children, two of whom died la child
hood. In 1842, being In 111 health in
London, he took up residence at Down
House, a delightful country place, and
amid ideal surroundings pursued his
aclentlflo investigations. Of the do
mestic life there are many pleasant
records, the genial homo, the generous
hospitality, the children and dogs, the
devoted servants, the flowers and
vines and pets. It was at Down House
the end carao. April 19, 1882; quietly,
with no violence of pain, no actual
sickness, Just a gradual loss of
strength, able to work a little the day
before his death.
He was burlod in Westminster Ab
bey, near Sir John Herschell and Sir
Issao Newton, Oa the Sunday follow
ing the burial, the bishop of Carlisle,
preaching at Westminster, admitted
Darwin had produced a greater change
In the cvrreat of thought than any
other man. la Germany the Allge
melae Ziltuag declared "Our osaUrf
Is Darwka's century."
Y Br BsatVSBBBBBBTBBBBBBBP'3
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It quiets the pain at once, and can be apt
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instantly relieves any inflammation and f.
and reduces the swelling.
is an excellent antiseptic .. ' i
killer--heals cuts, bums, i
contusions, and will draw t' i
from sting of poisonous in-
Price, ia. Me., nml $1 ,00,
Dr. Earl S.Sloan, Boston, Mass., USA.
Sluan'a book an bar.., rattle, alierp mi, I pi ecu tit.
Circuit Court Clerk.
J. W. MORRIS
MISS DORA SMITH
W. A. NAYLOR
JAS W ROHET
County Court Clerk:
S. T. ROPER
For County Judge.
JAMES H. SAUNDERS
W. F. BLAKEMORB
The "sunk lands" of Arkansas,
along the basins of the St. Francois
and Litter Rivers are to be thrown
open to home-stead tights by the
United States government. That
the government has a right to these
lands, which Include about 100,000
acres of the finest timber land in
the world, was the decision of the
secretary of the department of the
Interior in Washington, and a re-
survey of the sunk lands will be
made at once with a view of opening
them for home seekers.
Cascade Flour. If you haven't
tried it yet you haven't had the
best. Call No. 4 C. H. Moore.
John W. Nolan, living five miles
east of here, was in town Tuesday
exhibiting the skin of a black wolf
killed by him during the snow of last
week. The skin measured five feet,
ten Inches from the tip of nose to
the tip of the tail and was an excel-
ent fur, -East Prarle Eagle,
It shall be unlaw! .
to suffer or pernu'
by them to run at . -lie
levee, and any
shall be found guii'
for each offense ;.
FIVE nor more l!.
LARS; and any t
at large on said .
empounded by the .
ers, and held for .
less within that time
hogs shall pay to u
ers the penalty
said hogs may br $ .
missioners for the
It shall be unUwf
ton to ride a hr
vehicle along or a -levee
except at the
lie roads sueh priv-i'
the levee commissi
established, and m y
ing shall be found p
pass and for each
less than TEN nor r
Any one who sru
feloniously out, Ut
attempt to cut, dan,
any public levee f
guilty of a felony, f
confined in the Staf
not less than one
The Board of L .
eas have decided
laws now In force r
H, C, Helm. St. '
R. T. Tvxr p ,
Threlkeld & i.
show you their nc
spring and summer
the wreck of the bit'
in Havana narbor 1
also says It Is da
will disclose the tm"
explosion that the r.:
been raised before.
place you can get fc1
A petition Is in ('
Madrid county, th c
is to request the roa
der an election to
new court house.
- -e tw
r- $ f
r. ..i r
' r IHI
r( 10 f