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Farmers and Merchants Bank
Citato Street, Hickman, Kentucky.
PA it lrs Annp
r . . .
.ABSOLUTE SAFETY IS THE BASIS
IIR AltntVAL of the month of April,
with Ita recurrlns anniversary of
tho birth of Tliorsna dcfferaon, tins
ercd again to direct piibtla atten
tlon to tho project for accurlng at
a national memorial the manalon
and citato of Montlccllo, Iho famoss
Virginia homo of the author of tho
Declaration of Independence. Next
to Mount Vernon, Montlcello It un-
,M,i:r tt.o nioit hlitorlo and moat Interesting:
. . i-i.ti lin In Atnnrlrn. Knt nnlv l
M.nm fur mora man nan a ccntnrv nf
it-'""-" -. . ... , . '
c of la 130,1 aamirauia nerocs or ma rcpub
kiBJ Uia laal contury'a moat celebrated rendes-
the BlteplnR chamber In which
The houio at Montlcello was
,2.Jrcar" ,n bul,llnK. Hei?un In
1"70, It waa not complotcd until
1802 and It coat, according to the
account books of tho famoui
chltcct nnd builder, the aum of
$7,200. Tho brlcka wore not Ira
ported from England, aa In the
caae of many of the old Virginia
tnanalona, but were made on the
Kround by tho alavea, of which
Jcfronon had at one time aov.
eral hundred. Tho ornamental
K aakkkkHiaLkHldb Jwlr! T' J?m3&i
tiWTICSLLO - DUJJGHSD AND
ii for sfatrimcn, but this atately
sir: a, ." Bd ond built na well
c-. p!td by Tnomaa jencrson
ias4i :!ay In a perfect state oi
rrmrn'.jn, the Dneat remaining ox
sile ci ' o ola aouinern pinnmiiun
sjn.f b.-.:e of the coIonlM period.
Tlj n:' o cat, which ranked ns
it c 'i-ptalnK In Virginia lit a
tttUl en the Old Dominion waa
lc?l c rr with baronial holdings,
s t. In Ibe broken and pctur-ur-J
I'icJE.-int region and la reached
ft calnt little city of Char.
, m a winding road that ha
Ht-rp inrjine i;n rouio to me ciui-
1(1. K UlkM . .t i. luniiriuii
I . l I 1 1 . .
iki wtjere rcpoie tho ""re'w'alna of
ti i:m master of Montlcello.
r r.clrja of Thomna Jofferaon'a
Wr a f tato ho Intierltcd from hit
nutr in? iraci compnainR aomo j.vuo acres.
It that time "the teat hlehlanda of Albemarle"
fff ra'rd aa worth not more than 2 per acre,
bet rarnlnic capacity of the property la InUI-
tiled by the fact that from the outact It netted
Jtlc-icn cat leaa than 12,000 a year. Tho found
r ci lie Democratic party gradually Increased
l!i It'.i rk and In the year 1774 poiacsicd
cat than ,000 acres. Then aoveral fine farms
ciae to him aa tils wife's dower and thus the
richtil landed proprtctora in tho south.
Jfltrgon cboae oa tho site of Ma home the
rrrit of a hill which he designated Montlcello,
til lUhan for Little Mountain, Assuredly no
sore beautiful or Inspiring location could be
fcts! :ed and veteran trnrelera all axrea that tho
ctltJSccnt panorama which Ilea, spread out be
fore tbe gato of the observer on this height la
cusrpaued anywhere In tho world. Tho llttla
costitaln un tbe apex of which Jefferson placed
tU rnldeoce la SS0 feet high and In tho form
3f a cone It alopca eastward one and one-half
cllti to the Hlvanna river.
Jtffenon'a blrtbnlace la In alcht of the por
" at Montlccllo, BcemlnaJr almoat directly
Wow i the Unlveralty of Virginia, which waa
busdM by Jefforaon. President Monroe lived
'jM miles down the valley and tho homo of
frdldent Madison was but a few miles north.
ldntally It may bo mentioned In passing that
"u threo exprealdenta of tho United Statea
uifmliled at Montcellb to welcome Lafayette on
cccaslon of 'hla Vlalt to tho United States,
from tho cupola' of hla monalon Jefferson could
ti upon 12 of tho richest counties of Virginia,
J4 la one direction tho vlow oxtenda to the
o!u Itldgo mountalha. nearly I0 mllca away.
The top of tho hill which Jefferson had dealg-
'4 Montlcello ho had loveled off for a build'
bt ilte, COO by 200 feet In site. On thla he
Nttd hla spacloua mnnalon, which, with Ita
Hi or colonnadca. Is In tho form of a gigantic
htter E. The center of tho letter la tho man
won proper, whllo extondllng from It In poiltlons
omhat correapond,lng to tho arms of the E
lng, the flat roofa of which form promo
U!. Tho arrangement of the houeo In ao far
u Uieie wlnga or colonnadoa , are concerned la
'-7 ilmllar to that of the restored White House
Waahlngton, In tho designing of which Jeffer
on bad a band.
Tho mmmlnn nl nntlal1n I. nt Ika nnrln nr.
" of Oreclan archltocturo, with heavy cornices
"d massive baluatrndca. The Interior la In the
onic ,tyi8 and It must be admitted that there
lliu bout thla magnificent homo suggeatlve
Jofftrsonlan aimpllclty. Tho front hall re
M six fcot within the wall of the building
f portico projects about 25 foet, with atone
f'liri and steps.
'a tbe Interior tho hall or main room of the
im ? ext,inJ, t the full height of tho building
i typical t tho spaciousness of the house.
. V ,a a gallery under tho celling where the
of tun household could observe all that
it i .i0n al tho "-wptioni which Jefferson fro
wotly gavo ind wuero tU9 uar,d wag stationed
nn bo gave a ball. Oponlng from thU hall are
i lalon or drawing room, the library, where Jef
'"on boused tbe uiujor portion of hla famoua
Mellon of 13,000 hooka, tho dlnlwj room and
the resources of the Bage of Montl
cello, who had not at any tlmo in his
llfo a fortune of much more than a
quarter of a million dollars. In enter
taining hla guests, many of whom
wcro almost total strangers, who came
from Idleness or curiosity, Jefferson
went heavily Into debt. In an effort
to extricate himself ho sold a large
portion of his estate and even wished
to dlsposo of Montlccllo by lottery,
but tho legislature of Virginia would
not sanction this. He did, however,
sell to tho United States congress his
3 e n ww
kllBilBMiuuanlssV4AasassPJ'' fSBsiKr- gaK'afcaaaaa nssasassTmr'N M If
aaaajs m ' "
material for the houae waa brought from Phil
adelphia and every nail used In tho construc
tion waa forged In a nail factory which Jef
ferson established on the placo and a me
mento of which Is found In tho vino-covered
ruin of tho brick building provided for thla
After serving two tcrraa aa president of
iho United Statea Jefferson took up his resi
dence at Montlcello nnd there led a Ufa Tory sim
ilar to that of Waahlngton at Mount Vernon.
Montlcello was, from this time forward, tho scene
of the most lavish hospitality ever known even
In a land famoua for ita hospitality. In the end
Jefferson, kind-hearted and pleased to play i the
host, waa imposed upon unmercifully. Life at
Montlcello, for years, resembled that at a famoua
Whole families Journeyed to Montlcello in
their coachca- partlca mado up of fathers and
mother, children and nurses and remained
for periods of from threo to six months. 'One
family of six persons enruo from Europe nnd
rondo a visit ot ten months. After a short touf
of the United Statea they returned and remained
six montha longer. Ono man came to present a
letter of Introduction and remained three weeks.
Thirty-seven houso servants wero required for
the domestic servlco, aa can be Imagined when it
la atated that aa many aa CO guests were fre
quently entertained over night at Montlcello.
Naturally aucb ''grafting wns too much for
The city. It appears. Is honored by having
built qulto recently the first Hindu tcmplo In the
western world, or, to be more exact, In tho Uni
ted States, a San Francisco letter to tho Port
land Oregonlan saya. The tcmplo has boon con
structed under tbo supervision of thoio of the
The temple li in charge of two Hindus, both
awaml, or high priests of their faith., the chief
ot tbeso being a Hindu named Prakaihananda,
who directs affairs. The building, which is a
throo-story atructuro. Is copied after the great
templea of India. The first two stories ore after
tho style of tho ordinary American dwelling, but
tbe third takes on the Oriental style. There Is a
balcony with Moorish colnmna and it la on thla
balcony thnt the Ilrahmancharlna, or noophytea.
aa the ten wblto men who aspire to prleathopd
are known, tnko tholr dally exercise. Some "of
theio neophytes work at dally labor, but for the
moat part they remain In the temple nnd do only
On ibe roof ot the temple are amall towers,
which are duplication! of tho predominating fea
tures of tho big temples In India. In view of the
fact that this is tho first temple ot Its kind erect
ed In America, there, la, surmounting all. an
Inside, the llrst thing that strikes the vUltor
Is the absolute lack of the Oriental, In the fur
nishings. Everything Is severely American.
There la an assembly hall cupablo ot testing 200
people and it Is hero that the lectures aro given.
Acroia the street la a nunnery, la which there
7iV-e7 GmV OT THOMAS JfrrSMOff AT
valuablo library, a sacrifice that cost him more
'mental anguish than any other he could have
made, However, ho died with many of his obli
gations yet undischarged, but, be It said to the
credit ot his heirs, every debt was ultimately
After the death of Jefferson Montlcello passed
Into tbe hands ot a man who found himself un
ablo to keep up tho estato and who eventually
sold it to Commodore Levy, a retired officer of
tho United States nary, tor the sum ot $10,000.
Lovy several times offered it to the United
States government or to patriotic societies, but
nono of them ever accepted his offers It Is said
becauso he wanted too high a price. At hla
death tho proporty passed to his son, Jefferson
M. Lovy, a New York lawyer, who has made some
effort to prcscrvo Montlcello In Its pristine glory.
Montlcello is visited by Increasing numbers ot
tourists every year and bids fair to becomo In
tlmo tho strongest rival ot Mount Vernon as a
shrlno for patriotic Americans.
are Installed seven American women, who have
taken the vows of tho Vcdanto faith. Although
closely secluded, they are permlttod to attend the
dally snrvlcea that are held In the temple.
Strnngely, enough, the Hindus In charge do not
minister to those ot their own faith, but cater
to Americans, and particularly to those of wealth.
They have a society, known as that ot the en
listed members. They are tho ones who keep
tho bills panld nnd the ones who attend tho lec
tures that are given. A prominent member of
the firm that operates tbe emporium Is said to
bnvo become nn enlisted member recently. He
also lives In the temple, along with the swamls
and tholr neophytes.
Qnce every year -tbo swamls and their band
make a pilgrimage to a place In tbo Santa Clara
valley, known as the San Antone valley, not more
than 20 miles from Mount Hamilton and tho Lick
observatory. In that secluded nook they remain
for a month, going through their meditations or
yoga, ns they are known. Tbo swamls say the
faith was first established in the United States
some 15 years ago and in San Franclaco ten
CLAIMINQ THE EXCLU8IVE CREDIT.
Editor Miggles, that was a good Ideaot yours
to Interview tho sausago manufacturers as to
what they thought of tbo wholeaomeness ot a
mixed diet. It was a regular Inspiration.
Now Iteporter Er no, Mr, Bumble Ule ldi.
was exclualvoly my own.
That we effer t depositors.
Other tadaceaeBts are of seeoaiarjr taportAne
Upon this Guarantee we Solicit Your Patronafe.
H. BUCHANAN, President J. A. THOHPSON, Caaktor.
S. Ducbanan, J. 3. O. Qondursnt, O. B. Threlkeld. J. W. AItanlst
T. A. Ledford. B. H. Ialer, Dr. 1. M. Hubbard.
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