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" I "J1"1
How He Was Renom
inated for the Presi
dency in Chicago.
COLONEL ROLLED FLAT
Ropsevolt's Progressives Woro
"" Beaton at All Points
From tho, Start
WCIDENTS OF THE BIG SHOW
Governor Hadlsy of Missouri tht
Star Performer en the Losing Bld
Chairman Roet'e Masterly Handling
ef the Oavel Furore Created by
Prstty Boemar for T. R. "Sunny
Jim" Sherman Captures Second
Plaee Again Almost Without Op.
I For President
William Howard Taft.
James Schoolcraft Sherman.
Chicago. William Howard Taft
Main beads tho Republlcaf ticket
for prealdant. "j
James Schoolcraft Bherit Is
tain the party's nominee for vice
president Mr. Taft waa nominated on tho
first ballot at I0 Saturday night
receiving SSI votes, or 21 wore tban
a majority of the votes In the con
vention. Mr. Sherman was the only man
Ucd In nomination for second
place, and h repaired (97 votes. The
real woro scattering or not cast.
Flattened out completely by what
his advocates denominated the steam
roller, Col. Theodore Itoosevelt'a
andldacy waa abandoned by that
gentleman himself, and a few hours
fee-fore the balloting oa nominations
Vn he sent to. the convention ball
request that his delegates should
retrain from voting on any other
tu est Ions whatever. This request
waa obeyed by 344 delegates, who
responded "present but not voting."
Of the others, 107 cast their votes
far Roosevelt because thoy felt
brand to follow the Instructions of
The vote of the convention on pre
Went la shown In the subjoined table:
tales. Ts't. HIU voting.
Alabama ,. 2
Arltom , .,
Arkanaaa . IT .. 1
California .., 2 34
Colorado ,,., 12 .. ..
Connecticut .,..,.,.. 14 .. .,
Florida ..,..,,... 12 ,
Sesrgla ...,. 29 ,i
Idaho 1 .,
WHnole v... 2 M 1
Indiana , 20 1 7
lewa 1S ., ,.
Kanoaa ...., ,, 2 ., IS
Kentucky 24 2
Louisiana ., 20 .. ..
Maine ...,..,..., ..
Maafschuaatts ...... 20 1
Michigan ,. 20 1
Mlnntaota .. 24
MlMlMlBpl 17 ... J
Mltaeurf IS .. 30
Montana ........... I ., ..
Ntfcraaka X 14
Nevada 4 ..
New Hampshire. .... 8 ., ..
New Jereay , 2 tS
New Mexico 7 1
Now York., 7
North Carolina.,,. .. 1 1 22
North Dakota....... ".. .. -.
Ohio .....,...,,... 14 . S4
Oklahoma 4 1 15
Oregon .....,,., ,. 2
Panneylvanla .,,,.,, t 2 SI
Hhode Island. ....... 10 ..
South Carolina 1 .. 2
outh Dakota, .. B ..
Tennooaao 23 1 ..
Texae ......,...,.,.. 21 . s
Utah ....,,,,,,,,. , .
Vermont ,....,,.,. 6 2
Virginia 22 .. 2
Wuh Inaton 14 .. ..
Wait Virginia IS
Wtaoonaln ...,.,, .. ..
Wyoming ........... s .
Alaska , 2 ., ..
Dlalrlct of Columbia. 3 ., ..
Hawaii S .. ..
Philippine lalanda... 2 .. ..
Porto Rice..., ,,.,, 2 .. ..
Totaia ."Tel 107 "Ho
La Follette. 41.
Roosevelt Men Quit the Plght
The story or the last day of the
convention la one of much disorder,
quarrels on tho flour, sporadlo bursts
of enthusiasm, and, during part of the
long session, swift work by the well
oiled Taft machine. Making tbelr
last futile fight on the seating of the
contested Taft delegates from Wash
ington and Texas, the Itoosevelt dolo-
I gates voted against tho platform sub
mitted by the committee on resolu
tions and then devoted themselves to
rather riotous behavior, laughter at
the Taft speakers and even at Chair
man Root, and vigorous refusal to
The colonel's advice to his forces
t was read to the convention by Henry
J. Allen of Kansas and Included n
bitter denunciation of the actions of
the majority. It waa hooted by the
Taftttas, but as tb.it table shows, It
was effective In most Instances.
Among the states that disregarded
Roosevelt's request, Illinois stood out
most prominently. That 62 of its
delegates voted for tho colonel was
due to state political conditions.
Pennsylvania created a diversion by
casting two votos for Justice Hughes.
In tho mlx-up Senator Cummins
grabbed off sevon unexpected votes
-from Idaho. And La Follotte also
benefited by the conditions. Rotting
five of South Dakota's votes. In addi
tion to his 26 from Wisconsin and 10
from North Dakota.
Enthusiasm Is Rather Mild.
If the truth must be told, tho vic
tory of President Taft did not create
any wild enthusiasm In tho Collsoum.
Of course, there was n lot of cheer
ing, and a banner bearing tho picture
of tho winner was carried through
the aisles, but no one followed It, and
the tired spoctatora at once began to
make their way out of the hnll Even
the delegates could not bo kept In
their seats for the vote on "Sunny
Jim." The reading clerks Jumped
about llko crazy men trying to catch
the voto In the midst of the din, and
nobody cared very much whether or
not they succeeded.
This purges tho party of a most
disturbing element," said the Taft
"This Is the death of the good old
Hcpublloan party. Now for a now
party a party of progress," said the
defeated friends of Colonel Theodore
Such Democrats as were present
said tittle, but looked Joyful.
Taft Forces Win Every Point.
From tho day when the natldnal
committer met to begin the bearing
of contests, the Itoosevelt forces
never won a point of any moment
With all the machinery In their con
trol, the Taft men did not lot go of
anything that could endanger tbelr
causo in the IcasL An instance of
their clever work waa the way in
which tho report of tho committee on
credentials was submitted to the con
vention, it came In to the ball piece
meal, a stato or a dlatrict at a time.
This enabled Chairman Hoot to make
the eminently fair ruling that the
delegates whose seats were Involved
in erfch fragment of the report should
not vote on Its adoption. It sound
ed good, but It was perfectly safe.
On only one of these reports waa the
Taft majority reduced to a perilous
point That was the California case,
considered one of the strongest
brought up by the Itoosevelt men, and
the Taft vote waa C42, Just two over
On most of tho reports tho Roose
velt leaders did not demand a roll
call First would como tho commit
tee report Then a minority rejort
with a motion to substitute It Next
Chairman Root would turn to Jim
Wataon of Indiana, who would rise
and movu to lay tho minority motion
on the table. "Aye" would voto the
Taft men, stolidly. "No o " would
como the long drawn out and loud re
sponse of tho colonel's delegates And
to the tooting of "steam roller"
whistles and tho Jeering laughter of
the Roosovelt men would como the
chairman's high pitched "Tho ayes
serin to have It; tho aye have It."
Even Senator Root Smiled.
Kven Senator Hoot himself could
not always keep a straight faco as
this process went on. Once a colored
Rosewater Opens Convention.
delegate from Mississippi rose to a
point of order asserting that tho
steam roller was exceeding the speed
"Point of order sustained," said the
chair, "but I will explain that we aro
moving swiftly in the hope of got
ting home for Sunday"
As tho rest of the show was little
but a formality, tho crowd was
mighty glad to recolvo this assur
ance of an early adjournment Dut
;ho thousands of spectators stuck
manfully and womanfullj through
tho long nominating specohes and tho
balloting on tho head of the ticket.
For the spectatora there was always
the hope of somo exciting or spectacu
lar Incident Now and then something
really did happen, and cvory ono
Jumped to his feet, aa when a tire
bursts In an automobile race.
"Riot and Bloodshed."
Once there was a sudden commo
tion In the back of tho section whero
tho delegates were seated. All hopped
up and howled, without knowing what
It was all about. Then a police lieu
tenant cam past the press seals and
announced: "Jack Johnson of North
Dakota hit a Mississippi delegate In
Vermont " A few minutes later there
appeared In the hall a nows sheet an
nouncing in big headlines: "Riot in
0 O. P -Bloodshed "
Another bit of excitement como
vv !5L ?fv
when the Massachusetts delegation
was being polled. Tho 18 Itoosevelt
delegates refused to vote, and Chair
man Root ruled that their alternates
should be called. This raised a fine
row and Mr. Root received all that
comes to an unpopular umpire In a
ball game, except the pop bottles.
He stuck to his decision, as every
umpire must do, and the row grad
Putting Them In Nomlnstlon.
Having given up the fight, Colonel
Roosevelt was not put in nomination.
But Ohio responded nobly for Pro si
,dent Taft with an eloquent speech
by Warren (1, Harding of Marion.
Mr. Harding is a large man with a
large voice, and he kept the crowd
cheering by safe references to the
Grand Old Party nqd its achieve
ments. Several times he drifted into
eulogistic passages concerning Mr.
Taft, but tho Roosevelt army didn't
like these and made its dislike known
so noisily that Chairman Root had
to make ono of his rapid advances to
Outside the Coliseum.
tho front with cutting rebuke for the
discourtesy shorn tho speaker.
Coming alt the way from Europe
o second tho nomination of his
friend, Mr. Tnft, John Wanamaker
ilfllvorod an addrefld that doubtless
a a?, very excellent. But only those
l-Iobc to him could hoar his words.
'He may bo a fine merchant but no's
o speaker," said Policeman Rafferty.
"Why didn't be stay In Europe?"
Tbero was considerable surprise at
the silence, of Iowa, In view of the
hopoful talk of the Cummins shouters
before the last session. But Wiscon
sin made up for this loss by sending
Michael B. Olbrlch, the boy orator of
Madison, to the platform. Mr. Olbrlch
never entered an oratorical contest
without emerging with the first prize,
and at tho Coliseum he endeavored
to live up to this reputation. With
mighty volco and gesture, he told the
delegates all about the long and soul
wearying fight which had been made
for progressive policies in govern
ment by a son of the Badger stato.
He callod forth tho reped applause
of the Wisconsin and North Dakota
delegates and the shrill screams of
approval of a young woman in the,
east gallery who continually pounded
the bald bead of a gentleman in front
of her with a small flag. But that
scorned to be tho full measure of the
results accomplished by Mr. Olbrlch.
He spoke for an unconscionably long
tlmo, and at last in response to re
peated demands to "name your man"
be sprung on tho astonished audlonce
the name of Robert Marlon La Fol
lette. Up leaped the Wisconsin 26
and, assisted by a fow scattered knots
of ahoutors, they managed to mako a
tremendous amount of noise for so
fow people. But then the young
1 woman In tho gallery helped im
mensely. During Mr. Olbrlch's speech two
men mad their way along the gird
ers of tho roof and let down a banner
with Taft' picture upon It, so that
the worthy presldont was staring tho
young orator In tho face. Tho entire
gathering rt-jionted this discourtesy
loudly, but Cnalrman Root didn't mind
nearly so much as he did tbe action of
sbrao Roosevolt men who, earlier In
tho day, flung from tho north gallery
a placard reciting his opinion of the
Penroso machlno In Pennsylvania.
Tho latter manifesto was quickly re
moved by virtuously Indignant police
men. Incidentally, Mr. La Follette took an
awful chanco Saturday afternoon. He
sent to Chicago and had read to tho
convention a statement to the effect
that ho did not approve the platform,
and if he were nominated for presi
dent, be would not bind himself to
make the race standing upon all tho
planks selocted by tho committer
But Mr. La Follette waa not nominat
ed. Thuraday and Friday were not very
interesting days In the convention
hall. On those days the work was be
ing done In committee rooms and ho
tel conferences. Each night some rad
ical plan would be fixed up and the
next day It would be abandoned.
First it was a bolt of all tho Roose
velt delegates. Then It waa a double
convention. And again it was a pol
icy of silent non-participation. There
was no bolt; there waa only one con
tlon; there was nothing that even re
motely resomblcd silence except the
refusal to vote on the final ballots by
tbe colonel's stanchest adherents.
Rosewater Prompt, But
Victor Rosewater, who aa chairman
of the national committee called the
convention to order, waa oniy throe
minutes late in pounding out with his
gavol tho announcement that tho show
was about to begin. Tho Omaha man
looked pitifully amnll and weak, and
could not make himself heard ten feet
away -from tho platform. For fifteen
minutes confusion reigned, and the
chairman was unable to quell it. A
little later, when tbe Roosevelt adher
ents woro making their first fight by
seeking to substitute their own tem
porary roll for that prepared by the
national committee, Mr. Rosewater
piped feebly until some one shouted,
"Speak up, Uttlo boy." Then he suc
cumbed to the roar of laughter and lot
a clerk read his rulings.
It was no easy Job keeping tbo great
crowd In order, for while tho dele
gates themselves wero mostly grim
and tense, apparently Imbued with tho
idea that they wore "making history,"
there were numerous skillfully placed
claques in the galleries which Inter
rupted tbo speakers at frequent inter
vals. Hadley Commands Respect.
Ono man there was who was not
subject to ribald interruptions and
Jeers. That was Governor Hodiey of
Missouri, the Roosevelt field captain.
Whenever be arose he was accorded
respectful attention and often hearty
applause, for even his political ene
mies couldn't think up weak spots In
his record with which to taunt him.
"Bill" Flinn, another Roosevelt
fighter, was not so fortunate, but ho
seemed to like the storm that raged
about him and did not glvo an inch
until squelched by tbe gavel. Senator
Bradley of Kentucky, too, carao In for
a share of "boos" and hisses and was
stirred to rage by many allusions to
tbe fact that he had voted in favor of
"Heinle" Cochems In Action.
Tbo little flurry In the Wisconsin
delegation, caused by Mr. Houser's aa.
sertion that the delegation would not
support Governor McGovern for tem
porary chairman, gave "Heinle" Cbch
ems a chance to show somo of the
spirit which used to take him through
an opposing football eleven. Coch
ems had placed McGovern In nomi
nation, and all bad gone swimmingly
until Houser got up and protested that
La Follette would not enter Into any
combination with any other candidate,
and therefore the Wisconsin dele
gates should not support the Badger
governor, who was the cbolco of tho
Up Jumped "Helaje" and, being
given two minutes, explained that tbe
Wisconsin delegation in caucus had
split on the question, but that he, as
an individual La Follette delegate, had
presented McGovern's name. "But,"
shouted Cochems, squaring his Jaw,
"I dare any progressive delegate from
Wisconsin to vote for Root." And he
made good, for when the ballot was
taken thirteen Badgers voted for the
governor and tbe other thirteen split
up tbelr votes among North Dakota
men and Mr. Houser
Howls for Heney.
For stirring up a tempest, Francis
J. Heney was unequalled by any otbor
man in the convention. He fought
hard against the seating of the two
Taft delegates from the Fourth dis
trict of California, and was howled at
tby the Taftlte galleries. He bobbed
i up on various other occasions, notably
in a long speech seconding the nom
ination of McGovern, and waa howled,
Boomers In Congress Hotel.
at again and again. But always Mr.
Heney merely grinned and held his
ground,, and waited forkho tempest to
subside. He took some very vicious
pokes at bis adversaries in the Taft
ranks, likening A. E. Stevenson of
Colorado to .be Ruef, whom ho
helpod to send to the penitentiary,
and speaking rather unkindly of Sen
ator Boles Ponrose and other "bosses."
More hoots and Jeers.
Finally Sergeant-at-Arms Stone an
nounced, on behalf of Chairman Rose
water, that those who treated tho
speaker with disrespect would bo put
out of the building. Considering all
tho things Mr. Heney said to and
about Mr. Rosewater and his faction
of the nntlonal committee In the pre
liminaries to tho convention, this was
taken rathor kindly of tho little man
Police Intermittently Active.
Chicago supplied a small army of
policemen to nsslst In keeping order
and handling tbo crowd, and they did
their duty nobly, by fits and starts.
Dosplte all precautions, tho doorkeep
ers let In hordes of their friends, who
blocked up the aisles. At Intervals
some commanding officer would open
his eyes, and there would bo a sud
den clearing out of the passage ways,
accompanied by violent pushlngs and
indignant protests. Somo of these In
truders wore fake badges, which
served until a suddenly eCJclent po
liceman dlacovered the trick and
rushed tbe offenders to the door with
a mighty roar.
Of all the nuisances with which the
police had to contend, the assistant
sergeants-at-arms were the worst
With nothing much to do, and no
where to sit, these hangers on, num
bering many hundreds, were in every -
one s way. Sometimes the exaspera
ted "cops" hustled them like ordinary
citizens, to tbe delight of seat-holders.
Wild Demonstration for Hadley,
Hadley was tho man of the eecond
day'a session Hadley of Missouri. He
had stepped forward to apeak in sup
port of Governor Deneen's motion
which was designed to prevent tho 78
contested delegates voting on tbelr
own cases, but before he could utter a
word pandemonium broke loose. In a
moment every Roosevelt delegate was
on his feet shouting "Hadley, Hadley,"
and even the Taft cohorts could not
keep their seats. Then the enthusiasts
began to pull up their state standards
and march with them, while the galler
ies leaped to their feet, waving hats
Looking from the Gallery.
and handkerchiefs and papers and
howling at the top of their voices. Cal
ifornia's golden Teddy Bear led tbe
way, and New Jersey, Missouri and
North Carolina followed close behind.
West Virginia, Ohio and Oklahoma fell
,ino line, and there waa a mighty roar
aa "Bill" Flinn grabbed Pennsylvania's
standard and led his followers past the
front of the speaker's stand. Minne
sota and Maine now Joined the shout
ing procession, and people all over the
ball began to say that if nominations
were In order, it would be no trick at
ail to put tbe governor of Missouri at
tho head of the ticket
Pretty Woman Inoreasta Furore.
For a long time Governor Hadley
stood smiling and helpless, with Jim
Watson of Indiana by his side. Then
they sat down, hopeless of stilling the
tumult Just as the shouters began
to get a bit weary, a pretty young
.woman was spied In the front row of
'the west gallery wildly waving a big
portrait of Colonel Roosevelt and yell
ting at the top of her musical voice.
She Mrs. William A. Davis of Chicago,
and her efforts were rewarded by a re
newal of tho uproar, which now
changed to shouts of "We want
Teddy." Certain of the colonel's pub
licity promoters, quick to selzo upon
the incident, made their way into the
gallery and led Mrs. Davis downstairs
and to the speaker's stand. She waa
boosted onto the platform, and, with
tbe standards grouped in front of her,
led the Roosevelt forces in a redoubled
Finally tho patience of Chairman
Root and Sergeant at Arms Stone was
exhausted, and the police were told to
escort Mrs. Davis away with orders to
resume her seat or leave the hall. She
chose the former alternative.
Colonel Roosevelt Pleased.
During all tills uproar there were
constant rumors that the demonstra
tion hod been pre-arranged by the
Roosevelt men, and that the colonel
himself was on his way to the Coli
seum. The latter part of this certain
ly was not true, for Colonel Roosovelt
sat in his hotel room receiving bullet
ins on the proceedings. When he
heard that there was something in the
nature of a stampede for Hadley, he
said: "I am gkd of it"
Senator Depow looked on with great
interest, and said he believed the dem
onstration waa entirely spontaneous,
and; that it looked as though Hadley
would be a third candidate.
The uproar lasted In all nearly an
hour, and was decidedly diverting, but
did not accomplish anything. For when
it came to a roll call, the Taft forces
tabled Doneen'a motion with a voto of
664 to E10, thus showing an increased
strength over the vote on temporary
chairman of six votes. The entire del
egation from Hawaii had shifted back
to the Taft side.
More Threats of Ejection.
"Fighting Bill" Flinn again ran foul
r.t..i..- n..-.. -j -.. ...- ' I
rr T.""r.' S "? "?" -!:" lu1"ar
iui imsoituou iu uB mm ejected
from tbe hall If he did not show prop
er respect for the speakers. Flinn sub
sided with evident reluctance.
While Thomas H. Devlne of Colo
rado was arguing against the Deneen
motion, W. H. Featherstone of the
Texas delegation kept yelling at him.
This aroused the ire of Senator Root
He walked to the front of the stage
Gentlemen of the convention," said
he, "I don't know whether you want
A a k .. a m ... n n. ... nnl. .&. .Ll , ..
i u,, -.,. . ... uu ui.o ...nous
subject, but I want to say to you
(pointing to Featherstone) that dole-'
gate or no delegate, If you don't pro-
serve order the sergeant at arms will
be directed to put you out"
Root was loudly applauded. Feather-
fEf'vr L IVwfriaawMjSmBS''
M 1L JaUsWfcfSalaMr ViW .? k
stone insisted he wet sserely trying te
The second day did not get the con
vention much farther on lta way to
nominations and adjournment The
fighting waa continued, but the results
wera not aunh oa In rimllv Inanlra tilth.
er the Taft or the Roosevelt forces
. . wm. n....... ni, a
i v wavy ww wiiiiui
California's two wotrian delegates
Mra. Floreno 0 Porter of Lo An
geles and Mrs. Isabella W. Blaney of
Saratoga cast the first national con
rentlon votes ever given to members
of their sex by any great political
party; They went with tbe progret
siree, voting for McGovern, and as
each rose to her feet to announce her
choice she was chered by the dele
gates and the audience.
Mrs. Porter was the first to vote.
She spoke out loudly, and her voice
could be heard distinctly on the ros
trum. Mra. Blaaey's answer waa not
o distinct, when her name was called,
but the clerks managed to catch Mc
Tbe cheering for tbe two women was
not confined to any one section of the
great hall. The McGovern men yelled
, the loudest, perhaps, because it was
their candidate who got the women's
Totes, but the Taft people cheered
also, out of courtesy, apparently. As
for the audience. It was the novelty of
tho thing that won. their enthusiasm.
1 "I did not mind it at all," said Mrs.
Porter. "In fact I enjoyed the expe
rience. I was the first woman who
had ever done anything of the sort,
and when I got up I felt a good deal
like a Joan of Arc I waa making his
tory for the woraea of America,
though in a slightly different way than
Joan made it for France."
I "O." said Mrs. Blaney, "I Just vot.
I ed, that's all. Really, I can't recall
how the experience affected me."
Flinn Threatened With EJeotlon.
Just after the vote on the temporary
chairmanship had been announced and
Senator Root had taken th gavel the
convention hail witnessed a disturbs
ance. It was ended only after Sergeant-at-Arms
Stone had sent word to
William Flinn and the members of the
Pennsylvania delegation that unless
thy ceased "insulting the chairman"
he would have them ejected from the
Root had Just begun his speech with
the phrase, "Believe that I appreciate
this expression of confldenoe," when
the whole Pennsylvania delegation
broke into Jeers.
"You're a receiver of stolen gooda,
shouted R, R, Quay.
"Mr. Root," demanded Flinn, "are
you willing to take this tarnished
At this moment he was interrupted
by another outburst of yells from the
Fennsylvanlans. Both Quay's and
Flinn's words had been distinctly
heard, however, by Root and all the
Sergeant-at-Arms Stone came run
ning down the platform, megaphone
"Mr. Chief of Police," he shouted,
addressing Assistant Chief Schuettler,
"if any person on this floor again in
sults the chairman of this convention
Marching Through the Aisles.
I order you to eject him from the hall."
Stone waa white with rage and glan
ed at the Pennsylvanlana aa ho spofc
The latter then subsided into quieX.
Leave Hall as Root atarta.
Mr. Root bad scarcely begun his ad
dress before hundreds of spectators on
tho floor and In the galleries began ta
move out of the hall, noisily and hur
The senator suspended his speech
and requested Sergeant-at-Arms Stone
to ask those who wished to learo In
go out at once.
"As soon as those desiring to leave
have gone the senator will continue,"
shouted Stone through the megaphone,
and the spectatora began to crowd out
Mr. Root, acowllng, resumed his place
at the table. Senator Root's voice
""" "Ul " uou u" w7 uown me
hall. As the senator sat there "Bill"
Flinn, with a cigar stub In the corner
of his mouth and his straw hat Jam
med down on his head, climbed over
tho stago railing. He stepped up to
Senator Root, shook hands, and con-
ferred with him for several minutes,
leaving Just as Root resumed speak
ing. When Mr. Root resumed the entire
rear nnrt nt ihn flnnr nnri irnllnrv w
I empty and thoso who remained to
hear him crowded to the front and the
gharpness of tho contrast
Mr. Root continued hl
Mr. Root continued his speech to ef
qnlet and attentive audlenco. Here!
and there he elicited a ripple of ap
plause, particularly when he touched
upon the trust prosecutions of tho1