OCR Interpretation


The Benton weekly record. (Benton, Mont.) 1880-1885, January 02, 1880, Image 4

Image and text provided by Montana Historical Society; Helena, MT

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85053148/1880-01-02/ed-1/seq-4/

What is OCR?


Thumbnail for

:'U N V17UIIALRTESO1.R( EM OF
('HOTF UA COUNTY.
'1.I 111 1 t: Loteut Count r loe= flot boast of'
A llc 1.. lEtt o1 11w :l prci ll n i ronl
11" tV.Her ambdi ot' eon
iii 7 o:l 1,,.. '117 1
I' ,1 + ii"ý 1,"; 1' l ii i i i I. i" -lrt hti :
II I ;441: t, t~ l~ tt, i l" ýl iii lul
ili, I'll "111'ýt ;I ii,71~ 1't " l(e ? I~i
Lc th1erl;+ttn I 0 a ti;Ill x11.
. i , 1.1 li..'ht ; ,1 y T h',
..1 ' it- ' 'hL~ n,:m ,'v Ir.:0 1 ' ,' t b lu,.l
.: . At,.heq :11 tl)r'u, 1),,111>... TiZ : 1h,'
11. :l . k nl D ., 1 ', k u l hl
I -.'''t' ,' ' .*' I,", ',',- t,, 'tt -.m t:ril
g. t tL 1it ,,ii .'^ itta t I l
111" , i ; . , ' i n nh (I , ,, ,,. i,,. ,, l ' iii ittt ', 'th 1'
il" r tl a " r II '' li"llt'l' I -. i l,
,.. ..iv . - ;h- "L t' '- i," 'l!' i' t Ir h. t ,x'~ *1, ho
' 1 i', -. 1 : l hu
0\ 1 o: i1 h i ''I lv I i I
'1 -r !'u. t " i,. in, :! !" I'i"';!\'
t ou-i t' b' .".';lit'-I ' l Int'l
'Li :tn ' Fil l t'.'i lt m I tio, H I 'II t i
, ;, t t t,:11 (i to ill<t n , I ii t il l
i nIi " ''t'll n: IlIi 11 , t l' :i 11t
' i,' i'; ,l ull i b l lihi'i ' d . I ltii
11 1. n 1 i.'. ' i i l .''i ' : 11 01 11 "t - ti itN .
I- 'h ," ',1: . ,,r ; . li' 1;1 n"":ý;1" ý:'.1 li.st ' (i'[ ,- (
f i'1 ri -'h,' : i1. ,!,'t;11. i, t iti r!.' . I : il t, I, , In ,i ll lillti t
:Sn t+' \ -t ,' : 1;111i ts:'i f]+h . ;-;!ll : ~t , -,',fi l .l I' lt \
n', n i',,,; t.. ý' t,1. l iu I v.l' ,',- , (., oh n L i'. , '- : ii t, rrti
:I t ,- 1 1 ;l;' ~ it'. 1 }i tl1m'(1. 11 u''t _; li i l
, r I,, l 1 411.i i'l Ih.. 'l' ;, it . i i it' ' - i ts t!h i
a , ' a (i: ,t I 1'' Iii 11 1'1' "
,i 1 ;1 ' t1
IIt'
1i I ' i t..- +.,.1 1 , 1:- ii.' I ', it.h , It d ili -
, .~ff ,.l t .; i'ii "i "1~>,h 't It , _ li n • l,I, (f . ,Th .
~ l . 1i" 1,l ; ilfi ' "t I l. it' t, i' tt < , m!l
x i t tt i
, ; ,i ' ',h I "ill ' i < bl 1
-;11;"1 'th, :1 '1 'i i t t ':, ,, i tt" i h' t" 'I l t%'ý,
", i ~ ;, ;u n'i. I t 'I- 'I'i', : ' H 1:- i1; li li -,
Il~i.,".-", .'i Id ,,' d ill I ,( ( 1 -, 1 il' ! hi l-O
''t tttt,'' t
.' '; i , : .il ! l ,n h T '- i l v ,h l .!( ti!i::i
Ii' - W . ;'1 . h- il 1 ! ' ,11 1, , : 1 t,1'(
,' . bl m .t i l \ ' it, H',, l , it , 1 .1 ll ih. i,l
bh " - !t ill, " .." i. i!n ,": l", ,l a tIll ' Iiw Ih'l;l
!qar! or lipl .11 in'~- ; -~,t .lil i~ . ! ' i
l ,-; - 'I:ilbll:. il e i!n i',.t-, llii- t<w in h,
il . I ,"- ittu w illit . I I'v, s1 1'n
I 1ithe, Lu [tl iL . Iliit [,ia ib'iI 'h:n; '- !l~ i
-I' ,! ,;h \ ,i 'i: " :111;h 1,:. i -si l.,"=, I-fn"1', VI ill
Ia t w it I
1 1.m:li , l' i, i t " 0. ' hl e - i : 11 -}I li j it 3 ll(: 1
i ii" It' 1,i 1' h' t i li It' .' t i't'
Ii:!i i! ','.~ i'1,.1trit ' t 11:-. l 1 I'' 1titV 11: , it11
1'1.-, bd i t ,I he' ",Ni:i:uit I h ,v, lh.erv.t id
;n - : - it' 1', i,£t,. 1 ; ili l I, '":t. d 11 4,1i
,. i ll, i li. I1'l'hi' - pý airl . iht, tii ('r'' t' " i : I lilt
I! l ul ll -I llt nL iiill, It l n ', ri n't. fll; ,,,l' " I -l.~
It i" n: l :it. il. l ' 0 .11 of (10 CHr!u (1.11
1, .ti e ', i, l u lllh. law.ili s |Yl.ill'. 13i.t'. w ile
I, ''i-1 t ;l t'I h
!' ¢ , - ; i Ii ' i l-m is ! ,0ii ;l P' ,i neiht " ," : il't
1,;' , " s~ 11 . :,i'' i ,'!l:; i' < 1 11 " n 1 li l' l 'l 41s t ,' 1 l t11 t"
LIMI 14, .l h ~il" in suly 1)(PC ill I le i
it ' tt [00 " 11. 1 t t:11 1^ ,n 1,u1
!it.i h itt It "~ '.t itt:sr;tiif ' ii i f ttttitt
i ' 1ti. n' it, h l''itit ,tt ii. Ft 'Ilit I 'li llh lilt'
th'' ' ,'l; i ','i,'' il it i)ti' ." Ih Ir ' 'iltiw iun
Jijpla ell1 "
ti t ' . l';it' Itt ',n it' Itt l,'. 'li; it- it' ; l ,ltt, i 't
'ii ,1 -.hl:.lilt' 'i'h l t.u"atlla ' I hlit i't''it ' " it ' Ii
1. 1rt 1 u , i- I 1 :16 it h t'
, :1; ri(yiv t - :qillt'
- I" il.t ;I , lti'"'i. ''.rt l' tili'it) I tt, ' t,' i' h itti•
~ '!k f .,.•i II..' \,1 (: i l." 11 "; tý>\\ l .• l l"i, l<,( ,., i l h i : •
,!: I,, , ', 1+ i, , i' h c" i t , li a r i lh it-1
It .t';' "- " ii:' .' or. ,, i '1ii 'tl M il ls
l', ',ll ill,.,.1l~! "r (ii 1"l iii ih Il!' t rill" !!t ',
fh . : !l : , ,i : i I,. .. l .. , . '. .r-1 , -.'.. nl
t t, . l :' -, ,. Tl :it i, d f ' fire -
a iIt ' lli:ý!l,, . ,i ;, i tlh 1 1, ili- 1 In ti l ill ll
VI,. il tl -: I i itt ; tli.itt'i I l t' t lilitit
; tih ., . : l i 1 1!(+' li i ' I iit 'I 11,'11.ii.
t ' . . ii l,,! l ii l ' i',. zi, "- : . , , t".< Ii rl ll. H iH t .I
nlll ; I h '- ; . i't h"
., '!ilit :l 'u il! I i,' tin, :tl. , :r)' tnlol :n I'lr{i iii
Si -l i l',' ,- t : 'r r " . ( li t, I, tt~i111 ill r..i.(,i I - ?
""i '!:t I:- ii,,it 11I I:, h.! o ." l r, vl, ,, ilx
"" '{.iii-: ir;1,,. !1 ailql.d hti' t1,:!' h
Ilillti, ! c{ '; + ii t, ,'l1 t' -h," \, i 1 lr t < ii~ ~t s~.
,!1 ", ýI. 1:h 1', 1" ; lh , . "'i~' 1t, ;i ,'.lii;. k'
b ' ran9 3 0tr
);.l n l >,\ s @, , nif: . Ti I I
ti i- '. t., . :lit w.i - ,.J' I 11 ") titi -11.
1 iti~t ; l tl it !iii; h t i ll t- n) "i ,i 1, 11 ;1+ " ti i "
s'-I; " ,I '.t i: , ;lint. trli~ 'i,< + Vi. i'in y tq ' rl
, itl, l i <l i " t,/ elt ilO i it. " i
( ",' ..ti. h ,,i '.-i t " l, l: " , I- ttine '. t": ; ,i' i
A !"I i ! ,e ,.it l ,lit "" ,';4 1 ii'i t'M ti:',1 :' 1"-:'t tt1 ' liii:
1,' 1} lit""1 . ,+ ' l :}b ] itt l 1 ,':. ,it l 1 !'11 };11 r : :,11t tl .
h ill 1,• to t . , provith,, I ,
:.l , il" d i ,+li~ : ;',t;" tii,, o. 5 1t in l. i i
I . '-.lit ,-+ lilt' vII " i' l
i lt r l ýl ' i .v b til lip ,; iIR .,
, | frin \' : Ii law 00ll. 1 l mli( i' ,tl' i tv, ; !tl '! i
t, -sh:l i l f. iit , tnl ti-d llo lte . \i-]ft : \i l+-l
II:.i. n.tlt t.i nne 0l:lk: i' l.i I 0fi:.),f~~t
t-. iu j ~i'[!ti-'T illll~ lt~llllt~i lf l inchee
fu|.i a ro. 'l'tit, ¢ i t~hi!em I h oi o :i-iC4 ioll
bo I :u.l i- pot no etin7\t<{~<l.i~t a .)l the way from upp i"
: it, orw:u"!~< +tttlin 'dnt, nortfliili~tar llli,0'~ ii mu
L,- ";'tftaqutl y fuh4l~uiv¢ ibltM Unl' ion .... thei
4:"il!)SJtti l;its j:|lo i u lls of over ll 1.t2 square:;'i.
labor necesl-art- by' htrder rockr ; feuior
'e:il reirttiitrng the !io .ter Ipp. til!
1' i detlh ot :icauntof the -lhetnichal coponoi
tion olf the rock.. This is not a conclnuion
r I it irl tltt eoil'tiatllt, but otne olbtained bytl 't
prwi-:itd n--:nlbt inl the difti're!t Territories.
SN vit it lAto
"I t'unott tlo.e 'thitpalr witlhomit reiii 'nc
r totiheagniittiiit nitt'igablh lt trt.nt whtih
tl ''ittl ' t i'hro ittl the he-iti i of the IoItllitt l
; N\ :tnal im eiedhlintents will alw:-y: pr,-n:,t.
c nt t i iued n i -at'i i in bn Vai " !e Fort B1 1iton to
tl it l'ptt ier ttivt ,rixc p t t ri" t w exlpeI tlittre
> t' i 1,! -tIunt illn I ll( t liih tlit io N t ' t I3 a11 lt!.
,, t:titit'ad. The detep ani l' ng'l .. n ettitiit'
i.. ,. t g" e tw ll i e n the' i lt hl!l' l t o f i ". it livi e r
."lIi tilton Ii th immediate i:vijinity oftlh
it r, il :.e ll;t.ilt xistinl itnll ilimnuI lt to eitlwr
' itte' a. F rI[ the. tihit ' oal wa' t, ett l.-e tli
I tun tiiverinud tIhe ;;!o,.l ti he II tl tiltl,
' w i'h a to'uInd t tilt or twrvlv din lireith
p ,in '- :I .i ra r ju a , at i l tlm lin nlt s. a ll
i r ,ltti- of exlloritt ttirtit nllit til :it t in l
Tilt gra' t ; mi rapid t i 'id'+e< Fort l'ii.l'
l ii ni:tlie itillin twl o wear-: tlit nint ni
Stit..tt lt- eei oft mit it l :ti: rirl'it ii h re e:.h
-- oil- : thei rae ,'l: of lhfe suil romilhng
u lttln tilt It ;- l tro'hti tion of IeIf, hides.
Sfalhl ,. ,.ool. fulr-, co . iT'li, ill l t graill of
!!- in'posetditt i;i li! : ih, t'h.l neq of fier
navigattion hhing :l ch...lk on 'i.iilga.i, over
iltrl tiot"l it oni itplie. t nil of
in t: h e li t ' 1nit,'he.:P ainl t 1 ui l, i i to th liti
pl r 31i-ci-i1li now. -o will lFort H n iton he lo
tt e U'pper -3i .'mri--tii' ";'r'al ensporihni
tft' lti- river Trdle ofi the No'lh--We-t.
"l. ('. M )IX'fHTS N.
'Tie i'h l ptain i itor-}'.
"\1L'I. it- puri y hot. "" al-werel :a lake
captain 'hti ' oi, of llh f,'r'r dock =ilotls
-t ,rd:y i -hil it i-n't notlthink' to tilh
I illltllr of t830. W e h:'i it it l:t Vitil
Slerreei bitnter thain titiý right along,' for
six \etk'. I w:1" runnin thi Mar'y .laim
ltt .n ( 'hh:ino and Builllaho th,"l. i!!id
d'g'! ns in tiw h t, iiih' of [.l.e ]i rro n. "
."That \\:i atifuil.'' igl'i one of the
"1W1 !. it t; ii irish, uint iiiw' didn' c \ll
tit very ht,, till we go, in hto the 't. ( 'lair
m'u\.r th;i i h e ,rcur, y w\ nt up to 1t. <l .
' ,, hi ilt hai _il.g O t'dill ?!lit -ah l
itol Thl. b n. '1 t ' ti 720 ] l lp.n 'lt
il ~t!" I rit d :it re 11n". ()1 tflu of oi t
ll'j.j lh - \'t'4 ' w It i ..ihi" t lrdill i 1o lit 1hri<
,hi\> .n L ke ]luronl' % 4. . ti l t ere ;l
"11 t'll. l'tll iln ic ! titlan, :!nd I don't clre
to ,o lyingh " ti thi< day, biut 1 'l! tell yflo l t 1a ,
nio twr m!itlked and -1nauller!-d1 till thne
1i11 to pie.t. on deck ;il! hnIt li u !z untd r
iat'e pol s 1h . Y -le , tir' "e i:uln't x raig'
mlatt us !fir a i yoilr hal1 l. That iwt- juist
;it uiitir in l the m litlhi and \within :il1
houril t a," It l to w'et lVown del'ck' it rl'evre
it.ll fi' lih ,ht litig . 1 I\ l ll \ l Ion 11 ,-:di r
;o m -1lt i lt therlli 'ineter. a lni i! lioy oft
thi linor' all lil,,li :l Ii :1 .i lh n k of "hl1<
'nn lill i Ti'lln I Inlg; io.s 10 eali t how i lhot
it w t- anl I go,! friTihten d.fl.
"`;,t lai ttldl you v ill '?
" e-1-. not mnluch. 1't" hsi' htg'u to
i' lint-< ovwr ihe h0-. :ihhe. s thalt all ,m hl
1thuk, ", !!l, vatri.. whe n lt1 fop .:ii! ward '
i.in. Jiown ;11.n1 killhd th,, took. Ti'le
link- in ih,- chain. hadll nw.ittd rigit otni
1 ,.vuri k w 1 ,':i; : lik,, it ,in . h! t ilwh n
O11 \lit lh r 1h .1- t2l0< i 1,'.' rt lg ll siice '
' l\ l :i l i il ,,
N ,ithint :b ,iiut him . W he'l vi ,. tit..ik..
tih t ;it i Ii 1 ,t hiteave it V 'tir tl. it . .ih
,'('l: ' t t l ttt il a -- (t o i+t li' l it t tt. ai lt
a;c p 'll , I t lrttt'I I I. I l lrtt t!i i " ll l' t t' t111 :'l
IblHtitiI i. l ilt' in the lea'i t.II:" -,. op- thnv ll
i(: his . tiile l. ii'ei r ,the tii . Wt finat lly
ri'. d tm"t lin' anil 1)i ou'.~ :rn'd.
11 l (ii \1 ;:: rwun it'!] coi r''
" . illl i| \ if lllllu ill'" ""
i .Ah! : t l it laI , t.in littil yo lu Ireon
ti'l A)lt'tt'r kt ln ' Io f t '" ti- t 3 1re l:k .I. lPrea t
oill ' ir. o r ..zt' in l ont'ie Iit .11 l 1 i-.! 'i. l r l il
] h.t, the i lit tie \' - < k tt he wti tater l en
h'ii tl squI t tin like so' t in:uy ei ill. tilT e
lake wa- red hot. T''itp I l:i ' ,tnliht l Lave
cookI :l irt i nn. in 1t'lltiie. ' t il e I :il ' t'-;
lli,.tere:l fromt h ia ti'ul heie it n i tli ti
tli i' ll wv' "'i h'u m ack. 'l'h, ile'h t vt a
wtile: tI,'c, ik to i dte: t h oie vtt if n Cii ets.
:ttll I'Ir u Veri tw i lt's lth do,- 1u1n d to
catnltd kei'd iote eli in I tn'nilkgd int. uarlh
I'llow mle b dOtzePls. Five -Il.trelns t tit ill
'd awiay in al hiea: att hit siit <ht of tIy lefr
hh,aitr. l an, the otith li tltn I ciorIlt !net
tv;-I lt butrher 'tltt'lr lent l't o de h. "(
"It utilI:.ht e ein t t'lrri.le. l toyw didl
tyorl' ' ti cn leut of ht" X u'liit? i '
"Well, while I hwa: squirtminP' i the
wtiatie a - u' squall strmuk thl tner
tool down <hi-h" "wetli. Is wai- all over il ai
tintte, ant! air and w;it·l' W''r hotler tihtan
oVer'. I !struck itI f >r ta"e ('ttna;lan shore
t,; er :litn 're;l lInib- t wt y. know1"inu, Ghat
it +\-- i:_k or ,vilan, hot in halt';l:l hots' I
"'icked ul,? ""
"'W1 ll, no. " replie I t::, t,:ilptin, a- he
-cralurh,,d hi, hle. "I -truck tn icebe'rge
bnl elithbed lp lifto ; cave ne.' the tolp
I tell ytu it vwa :i ir'atef l ctau'tt ' to n! ,
:lld thedt'- trod' reason tVhlt" 1 4-:tl1 never site
u 11111). of ice :m:i"l a hleutIn witltout fteling.
gt'teflt! to the manl who invented lbih. "
'Iton 1t knlow: hot I think it rill rain
'" +h y dt o y ,,tt th in k t ? '"
' lWlthy. 1,ccti to the skies sue elo.tly."
"Thw: are ,muite hr'i'ht. , we ''it on with
"I I,, yt' ,ur rl tdun," '' site reslpot- l !dtd
,rtt ,l It:ii rtl'tily. "'it /V:t- tilo e f t C'your a'er
that l look oth' a dark .lmoll."
+1nl thlen tit ]'milo t ra l m Vho1 ,muldll't
gtt ti ;t ; 'ti w'it foil ahruptly ,fle i.
t <tlt",r -toy, ont" which the Italilan/
il\c ch:iructerized as hbiing "t11'll founld
el-'" if not Firt. reaehiw rot from `ti. I'etetr';
1rr1 ..:'. i:ldy I r lli'ritr \tillt to ('Oin't tu"be
{(i.-ented in the 'xarinhe. (In arriving' at
ihtý ;int.Gtr Italace ghu' .rt- shown into -111
;I!I~-noonm. :as ' Il s t{ ig': . t rltelt' :tit t elged.
Lidv" thorn 'he tlook to hP a isui"t.. of the
nt'i'i' i s, wa- sited on annll. :17 o >tl-an.
TI'hc 'i ly tnttintin d her to :t pl:vie Ie.,+le het',
mdl el'tered into contver .iinl. hot in a
fri' id il st.siini style. Th - h t oll-tine Irih
,'tuan vith tl e il(, iltuliton hloott in her
veiln hlas litlle pride of her l no, tand
hitnkitnt the: Inln-t'ntht w\aitln~g'-Wolmantt
ii tu ;at.l,'r platronizin. to thel t'k' of tfl n
:tlll ulý o:r'1tl'. :h.=1itlli'tl tt "-1:lild-o f."t air oil
h.i' sil( ". T he 'eremloni uls rni r uml a h e ran/' l
.t teiit'ih shit asked :
"hiive v'ttt seen my dilng titer latelYen
"'Pard'o'.i roe. mi:ldatn,'" .si I,:ldy Duf
"rrii, '"I font')' ive tlo not Into-t' ill the ,l:tile
:, i relit. Prdal, who may yotur datughlter be ?"'
T"llt antsi e led up to a taileai.
'-"The lDunhe's of Edihrtn'gh," said the
-t:thely }-old finile, who wt:s none other' than
the Enlpre.s of lhlssia: Ler+,self.
A Norwich hor,, fl. ti'ult-til to a heavy
tv aion 1ttdeltl w'itht coal, ralr alit! jlmuipted
oill'a hank w-all of fifttetn f('et into tfle Site
itcked River, toal atlnd aol. 1li t ell dn
-otierisitlt, freed hiinself froth the harnesm8
lnd <,,raped uninjutret,.
The tnoe'el engineering feast of !uilrling a
,ri`(ge ontstoi e aIndl'e e til si-{holing it aeron
fl,,,`rir.Tl has lbeen arcomplisled+: at Diulatd
h,":i.he. Tie:irtto u,'tntm is 314 n ez hung,
weighs. on'el'2)3 toni., i+Itd wads Be pnojt. ete d
into its phir e ith I.tweh- o tu-tso. :.viiid-1
It i a f1 ti hli, iti nunoet s erl{ly rzerti
/<vi that i-. riict isen>i:t the nrth utill
fl1F 1tv tit,,+id icko fr.in - cof I ll
ll}wnt~.. (6 the 6ther.';+ =-++++: :k7;+#7+ : [.+{.+:T+';
. . ... . .... ,- - - - - -,s- - -4-#,5+ . .W.,L ),:
I,1N4AThA "A.AI TIhE NORTH
WYEST~.
Perhaps no s4.loni of' our ('olltry, and
certainly, none of the mIore recently dIe
velopell State; and0 Tertitories. hLve aat
tircted eqnnl attertionl with Dakota and
nltanli, thIe plllll' of diat constellation
of itnlepeudnittt wcaltli~known at the New
N orthwcst .i(1('e 1874 tile powerifuil tide
of ll11 migation hie bceen sw'ec pinhg tioitn
: mdII of titri: e n a ]t es from the' ....
11( I i;ll lil~lc c ( 1'1"' Caiit l~lc·- l imit I'S 11011 dierz
E'i t-t o tis lestC '10'ry and( sprser- in
hiabi'ted' F' l I'I. N W, lwhilel' til. talt that so
vey 1(1 f h mnz](pitII''i h Wled. (11a1e
''' reillIil iat '(11h t 1 o m na(lI Il eve 1111lc .,
Ie t IIcn i 1 tIl' thiat't- t the elplor (tlie
·iI)tl·!r 111111; lilc~ (11111?1 51:1'(e'ic. 'ln
lemitraI' ('ICIIe lot wholl Spacre.
It i= nfi1 toil' the gllon- ;a1: readerst to a -lc
It 1- ('ltill' d III 111(1 that Bae iiu ( l it'le lind
ldoc--t~l iimp ll t til< imigcratcin ioltg to lotok int
lIlt ' lly tilp cliiltic at tlle 11111'', a !eatt d
to div 1111 (hut of large vitellI Tha'l1ti
iII I 1 11 tsl 1ii ' o '11t1' InI11 tIlpa e. Ntntt
ail i'nta i :p P411t flit lII . hI 1 htllt' aIlclmlo(I
The generous hliniestead laws o1 f the
(orl 'i('liii fit gi li ti' very critizen of tin
Slited ita-. oF it) o(ne "hrr;inil declar.t (
hi<- i0l0t 1 ti oi I 11 iroi 1 ro e.lllc ," a iloirn io
WOii frrn .r liailt i l r. inll he s :I. iof tell yi earl
the populaiton of JIinnenta l has nearly at
It rile Ila million: p 1oplei. It:il;oids t 'ireald
to ll portions ! t' thie S itit. alld in -Ji e.
1_'+72_. the or rlrtilthe tii cic rossed the Red(
river of the Noi'lh and proclaimed tdl(
Irrnittr'iioy of I)akt as open rll settlement.
IThe hloun Red Itvei r I :ilhy of hlt Tei't ir
ritry oiln ?l'ed to whet :t-rowers an ic011oi
. p:((l 'le soil 1with ulnli litle(l space. Towl r
lrani up ll along thie litne of the railroad :
wheat' yielel 1the excelhlot average of
r renlty-five bushir l to the cr-e: tno irriga
I nll e- *I htirell d. mnd hiulr wtr- freei
Trhtse 1r (at rI c sprle:r like rmaruic ill
)hio. hIdiana, illinoib:, lowa, and even
,Vir-rotin, hr'iere crotps 1ri rot rso artltld
rni, lland ter'I valuabile. and the markets
rllt'(.r. Irrnunlt it.'rtl t traini.l rldr-r(i fta:l i
ly riti'rr fitlnilY rpolrr thie fprairies to rlchoosi e
a locration, ilifir a icabin r rrd plow trhe
field. itussianr - (.Ihllonitrel), Sctndina
Sic:n!r, rIrotchlien 1:l Iries, 'coul to seek
Iakota ais the paradise of i i-rulerrs, with a
S rlirllt '11)'r: rrrl lo their nitiive ithomes.
Slri nm oiln" ot' iohrlntry, tirrrmi: rs fro t lil l
Sporltionsll ligralti, though tier ith11 most
:part1 . .1'f i .ri fi iml the ol(ler gr'tilr1-ralinrisillrt
rorurrunitiisi brtrrer It ll enothllsiastir
r\ -rert-(rowers. in 1)akota. In mlrrrarrllttile
pln'si t- irl os'e en; a ~nc (i111e ifroi all: tile
Srrate'r rth-l I slletq.r(:rf,1 i tlllr.s the Itown are
co-rfoporitaii, I trfir the rieasorI thati emi
rin!t:allt- ir rfule, fhive thre llambition of
youth. Oune intI ritil to stee r idicaltiOlls of
Il'progr. -' o ly In 1Bi 73, wtthen the ortil
e!' i''aciic ranea'ld Bi i<marek. at the Mis
-o:rif river, wei tirll irmirirration to thte
lltlrulilY west lrrti'r dicrineased, anti for
tri iat reasons? I1 is the history of aill the
"snited State- that the riailroia is the
great civrilizer: thalt where i e tdo not find
the locomrotive i 'e do not ir-horhl d-ensrce
pojrlrlihtioil, ri-:il vIalul- or fixed prosperity
ir r ietrlrliinil extent. ollrin wxill inot tiake
Irltri tlhrtIlIlr- , lieedlrrs risks: will not
,o tl :i oiltirty !ihere life ail i Inrot rty
arIe n0d-1 t .1 Sol do we attcount for the
,r:aklwatr(l oplenliil oif tulnqlstionariily the
r.(ir ul Tlcrrito:ry ill Artiileriea-i3)itanll.
tliiinIarek is tieu railroi:i terminusi thiat
clorie' on to 1t1r- irlte wa.--tihe Missour i
riverr-whichel rlav er) Mont. a: isr ftorled
ir her centre ii- tfhe jttunction of the (aillia
till, Al-l . isorfnt i.i . eitrson rivers, aind
,welled within h!r hordens by the w(aters
of the Yellowstone. 311mu lshell, Sl.l,
Miillk :rdl othiers. Melt may de prieiate
1ti irtivent otlf r iti ni: e ri. , )ila-y "oi l-tiier s"
in Monrtuia drro. but tlhe iron hlo~te rmust
arund will come, 1ti fi :l t irow o icing fanit, to
-:rci- a rich latln wherer i ilf a (ret-adie has
wroiughit i:1iny 1lit1e.. TTire Tterritoryt
of Mto tnIlt has i lelfn settled ill portionsr
for fii-fteel years--:'vr "ti-ire gold was dis
iinveredt . iand tihe pioneers soutght the Rocky
mitoitains, led on by that irresistible fTs
elti:ritr flor miin g. Tihe earlier history
oftri the Territory reords rtllrtaIrr a- "part
Sofrt H rt -nisit purchaise," and thel first
explotrations to have been Malde by Captain
Lewis :iid (Captain Clarke in 1804. Their
diiry is published, 1ini tells of the Indians,
their voyages, all thie gorgeous scetery of
thi i Oiu try. iTht' powerful description of
the firls oi f the ulpper 3issoutri,. fiorty miles
:ove rh.-rt the priosperous town of Fort
rtro rtarst- . W Oust.ll(1 sceto i to draw to
lMont -s.rNii.a.arl ihunidreds of wealthy
:ight-seer-, At present the ae'tommoda
nion "are not of the best: but before long
large hotels are sue to be erected.
Within the iarea of iMontanti tfl re are
inoiluiiaiiils ad plnrins, rivers and treekOt ,
ri1h itraltl lanids. ailnl elnortlotsly w-ealihy
ioid an1r .11r i'( ii' ine. Sire lhai coal ili
irally p:t-' oft hr territory ; galena, iron
anid pl:tiiinul a.ii folnd; so are minieral
lsprings, oIith boiling ]iot or ice cold. But
her iutol treasure of wealth consists in
her v-dly: for stock-raising, where cattle
andi shiee- graztie the year aroundt, tand not
a ipouldt of rai-i is i-t to feted thinn with.
CIp tr the past few years life on the
frontier t meant ileadship, privation and
!rik. Indiails iniltrfi'dered settlers on the
outiskirts, alld white 011 mirdered one
another il th the towns. Witih such It -con
dition of sotiety, :t ilase pf very rongh men
gainted the upirer 1hand. Tlhe days of. tihe
"Vi ihllntr-' irt ir. tl.-ed with crime,
ittg it, hy lr:tlngittg tire offtenlder after a
brief trial of several imoororents onily-. Tire
dead i-iony was usually left( to swinig rs a
wani'niht., " trirr tire expressive worric or
braind of "ulorsr-tlbief" or "(laim-jumnt-p
er.:" plinlied to thue seat of the tfrwser-.e
What a pre-frterous idea to suppose that
a st-rdy New England fr-mer, the grntdiu
son of a Puritanu--himself malyhap called
Ele-zer--itonid go to such .a tplace to live
with lis famnily. Bitt by 187(1 things
ch-inged. Mren eager to make money
troiltd ginto Mintitania des.ite everything.
",rlie et-.,alhient of U S. ititary PoIst
norm-e the settler- a feelinre of seeurrinym ind
since brate ioireli, eyen, eompamniedt
their hitebanil iBoait rn lip tine Mis
cotiri to Fort Benon, tri5portiing freight
and passengers. The sight 9f a "milite
woman" driet settler- to the r ern banaki
who so wathrcei every mtooement of the
ripilgrim- ,i ft hd she kiwmn lcereelf to
11ed ih o hrWh
bring his herd, and the cattle-man his,
to imake his fortrne. Her towns invite
the professional m:.n and the merchant;
her people ask consideration of the autha
ities tit Washington to better her naviga
tion and improve what she has ceded
I them--the National-Park. Falling in with
her sisters in the great march for progress,
science and art, Montana ere long must
rank as a wonderful, a migrhty and charm- i
ing State. W. IH. H.
FoRT BRiTOS, M-. T., Dee..Sth, 1879.
A ý i
eo Reminiseeuz of the Mullan Expediition.
teo
I, Colmmencing at Walla Walla, in Wash
t irgton Territory, inod termiina g at Fort
i- Benton, in Montanal, is located one of the
i olest pullic roads in the Territory. Its con
- stlloetiOlln s commenlllelled anld consutinna
ltl ted nearly a arter a entury ago, and
oto! Atllthugh much of it is as yet a public con
ti venience, and asS t6 within a year or two,
Iat! thle only wagonl-road connectinlg att least
'li one coullty with its neighbors and tile ot
i l side worIll, luch abuse has been heaped
1 upon tll superintellndent of its original lo
- e:ation, when instead, hW" should have some
in credit with honor upon the pages of our
h, istory. FIrom timle tinle short, blidt 'rron
st I )eos articles relating to the "M'hnln I Raad"
t.i have lappleared in the local papers, inter ded
nti as: "Bits of history," and mwn.; inquiries
s, have been mnade 1by p1rivate parties in re
l g'I(l t1 the road and:r its builder, with no
i> satisfaitory Inswcer. As ilost every early
it event in ollr history is of some interest,
to the writer was induced to .prepare an ar
10 tic! frolm pIersollal experience and memory
hI on tile subject. in han111d.
lit It should he rlememlbered that twenty
l five years ago very little was generally
of known of what was easternl Walshington
al Territory, and of what is now 1 [ontana,
dC except anti mainly from the oflicial and
t, necessarily briereports of Lewis & Clarke,
andll the vagule aecounllts given verbally bgy
_ unlettered elmployees of tile fr" conlplanies.
T l'he whlole country was looked upon a:s a
primnl':' wilderness, fit only for the In
il dian, the trapper, the hlnter. and nlot least
I of :ll. the zeailoulS issionary. The see
a tion called Montana was then deemed far
ll more rel'mllote frotll civilization than Alaska
Siinder the aillinistration of Jeff. Davis,
Sas Secr.tai:r of War, several expeditious
'i were organized '15-!-55, to explore the va
1, fri1os "l'erritoriet, make topographieal sur
veys, and report upon the ftitsiltility of.
s eonstrueting railroads. ('ol. Williamson,
of thle Engineer Corps, had chiarge of the
I central part. Lieut. John G. Parke, also
' of the Engineers, surveyed and explored
tl the sother1n porItion bletween San Diego,
('California, and E1 Paso, Texas, while
t' Gov. J. J. Stevens, of Washington Terri
1 i tory: was placed ill charge of the northiern
1- reconnollOnie and sll u llrveys. Amlolng thle
officers assigned to luty ilunder tile latter,
I were Lieut. I)oles;on and Lieut. .John
M [ullan, of the 4th Artillery. GovernlOr
t- Stevensll, who was Ex-Officio Superinten
(! dent of Federal AfhIirs for his Territory,
" was advised by his illstrluctionsll to make
n treaties with Indian tribes, and report
llollno the ellnerat l'fe;olm.es of tilhe counllltry
is visited, witll tilhe view of inducing the for
i- mtion1 of seitlelm'llttS. The colllltry was'
Sthoroughly exp!lored, t, ll l sc(arcely any
SIndianll tribe was left without :a treaty of
i- soae kind. During the winter 1S4-55 the
k expedition (anidOWed in the Bitter Root
ville, and in .Jhly the following year a
i tri ly Illv mlladel with the Flatheads,
;t Pend 'Oreiiles and 1 Kootenays, who con
felderated as one naltionl, with the hFlatheald,
Vietoir, as head Chief. The year fermi
le naed the work, antd the Governor made a
detailed report to the I)epartllents, which
e was duly printed :nrl published. Among
- the recollllelldtiolls Inadei, 1was thile col
f strction of :a military wn:tagonl-roadltl fromll
Sthe Columbia to the Missouri, which was
1to serve nlOt only for the cheaper tralnspor
1 tation of troolps and military supplies to
e far w\estertl posts, but1 also for the benefit
Sof enterprising emigrants who nliigiht
Siselect homlestends ill sOllle of the beautiful
'valleysv on the line of the road. This
I rescolllnnlletdationl \:rN approved of, anil anll
e aplprlopriation foir the purpose was made
y by! Congress 1857-58. Lieut.,J ,!ohn Mullnm,
e who ranlked Liellt. ill the alrmlly, ats anl enl
It gineer of ability . tl selected to olpen up
y tilhe road.
'! Thell( writer hereof, who was ill Sani
e Francisco ill Alpril, 18158, with Frazer
. river :as his ojeetive point, reading" one
dt ay in the pal.ers tile arrival of Lieut.
1i ullanm and a corps of assistants on route
i1 to Walla Walla, felt induced to approach the
- Lieutenant when already oil the Oregon
Ssteamllner, and seek for emplloymennt on the
sexpedition. 31ullan's arrival and his de
plartlre for Oregon to open up ai wagon
roaol to the Missouri river, 'real'ed some
ciXltelment in Sill Fr1ancisco at tile time,
lalld the expedition wais looked p11011 lmtulh
tihe saune as a trill to tile North Pole is
lootked upon noow.
v The 1)aDilles, inl Oregon, being tile last
Splace connectedl then with steamnloatl trans
- ortation, was selected as the rendlezvous, i
S1and1 the expedition started from tiOence "n1d1
- reatllhedl its real poinlt of dep:lrture without I
' mihllIap. Work was then Cbonlmenied and I
l, proceeded with from .alla 1 Walla for a
It distanlce of aboutt fifty- miles to tlie mouth t
iI iof Trilanyon creek, at whiilc point opera
1 tions were suspelnded on account of the
reitreat of Col. Steptoe, who 'had been upl
f tle P;lio.lse oi it nlilitttry 'reonlnoisaullee,
f 1with a foree of troops lightly armIled land
mllolunltedl on horles nlbrokell to stand fire.
t The Indianis were lwilling for the whlites
Sto penetrate their coniltry, and illad advisedl
SiSteptoe to rettrnti but upon his insistingI'
ito go on, fire was opllenedi by the Reds,
more as a defiaivee and a warning, than to 1
kill. Ill trying to retutrn the fire, some of
the recruits twere throwni from their
hIorsIes. A patic wlS created which re
Fsltedl in haiisty retreat. Of course the
Sroad expedition could niot go forwardi in
Sthe fie of defeat, nlor was it proposed to
fight its way ttroughl untknown numbers
t of 1ph1ently hostile Indiais, anid conlse
i tquently had to await lfuirther evenlts.
SGener'i1 Id arney, w'ho lwas then at Yai
Sconver trying to settle thie Sa' Juana quies
tion, took iprompt imeasures to plinsh the
ble for'es that could be collected, was
displtehed against them. The campaign
iresultedl in tilhe utter defeat of the ladians, 1
who had congregateid qtite an army out of
Inearly all the trilbes between thie Rocky
imoultains andi tlhe Columbia, uand it also t
resulted in opening thile Walla Walla 1
counltry, which hadi heretofore bIeen Indiallni t
territory, to settlelmnt.
I As the wa'r consumedl the whole sum
F nrer, the road expedition had been dis- I
Sba.linded, to be reorgamized in the ye'ar fol- I
lowing,t aid a small extra appropriationl
was malde by Congress in 1858-59, to cover
and make good losses sutstained in stock
aitd suipplies.
Ill the spring of 18159 the expedition hadi "
its rendezsous again at the Dalles, whtere
CalCpttin Jordai, Post Qtiartermalster, fur
nished thle necessary 4hpplies tlndi trans
SportaItion for its escort of fifty men drawn I
Sfrom the 3rd Artillery at Fort Vaa cotuver.
It Lietit. 3ihlnu hired about one htundred t
I men,i, wh'ob ere bottud to serve b:y celrtain I
Seonditions, the. ordinary wages pqlii being Il
$50 per tionitli, ad the old "rmy ration. c
To breakiis mnen a little to the labor red
iquired, some work Was done improving
I the old emigrant road betwee~ n the Dalies
)and Wal Walk,- the lattet place bein In
fully equippendn or'anized was reallyt
ready to coamnence operations in h ernest. t
Wie left Fort llaWht allsWn in June, l8iil I
~enheel; wbolhad gstave witJ two com
--------------------
Shard work haid o far been required, ex
cept the oc~ sibtnal grading of arAide hill or
a crossing, but the descent to the St. Joe
needed tl. construcrtion of a heavy- grade
and sonie corduroy work. In this beauti
I fil vnliev (now a reservation for the ( ouer
D'Alenes) we made -a time camnp. Two
i ferry boats had to be built, one for the St.
i.Jol and the other to be taken round hby
- the lake to the C(oneri D'Alene river.
Swamnpy bottomll had to be eorduroyeld.
and a r:oald ad to be cut- through the tilnl
Sther over the Coner I)'Alene ranllge, which
divules the two valleys. VWhien we
i reached thle Coner 1)'Alent river, it was
at a point twenty miles below the Mis ion,
t and the expedition crossed in the boat
, built on the St. Joe. To follow up this
- river requiredl time aiid work, on account
- of timber, swamps and grading, ,and it be
in: already in September continuous rains
made it disagreeable for the ment. Arriv
ing at the :Mission; we had the Bitter Root
molloultaiins in our immttediate fronlt, and
I the difficulties to ble eneonntered throtugh
I them, a distance of 75 miles to the Missoula
river, were painted so fo-'nidably, even by
the missionaries, that j it r quarters be
gan to look a !ong wa:ys ti. 1:ld tlle oh
ject of the expedition been solely to con
strtuct a road for the aicc'otllliIodtioni of
I travel, and had not ofticial instructions
prevented, it is probable that t3hilan
- would have diverged here and built the road
tirountd Pen d 'Oreille take, awhith woutl
have avoided the mounltanlls, Ilt lengtrh
enied the distance over eighty miles.
There hadl been a difitrence of 'pinion he
tween Stevens aiwl Mulmn in regairil to
the feasibillity of rmiro'a.d construieion
through the mornahts, and the fuact. in
the case were to be determined dir iniitielXy
by a party of engineers takitng a line of
levels from old Fort W'alla Walla r- shi'
Sstarting point.
31iltd Praitirie, chven ltiles a;bove the
lisn. ot, was ix il jlpion as a depot tanip.
'L This prairie, nlturally a swIoil. wa"hlr I
niiimade miore so by tiill prtviois ietvy lilns,
andl had to be partly bridged to g",t the
Swagonst to iit< npp r ('ld. _A1u ex.(miia
tion of the surrmoitling hills liiniiml tout
flll of sprintgs and impract liililt' for
1 grading ll e werei now at lith ite hail ar
tier of the entire road, and i t was a serious l
otn. lThe pass oill both lsides was oh
strutted by ain almost itmpenetrahle, heavy
igrowth of pine, cedalr, Itama rack ai;lii fir, 1
long since thinlld ouit by fetlultil tires.
Oiloccrring almos'i'lti t alu nnllly r lit' past 1
twenty years. The ltIoitininius hliggied
the ftrelalS so closely that tnulleros i(ross
in gs or timell-einsUtinlg or lJitorlious
gratde were uunavoidable. The timiler
on the line of the roald hal been set on
fire , inprobably by the ltndians, andt every
thing looked smnoky, dimali and discouraqg
ing: but gloves had to be laid aside now, I t
and working parties provided with eight
or ten days' rations, were putslted sle I to
(tlut tout, inch by inch as it were, tll' tint
bel marked by the enginsters, who weIre (,
crawling through the undergrowhi, urna-:i
ble to see imore tian a feW fr t hlefitre r
the hills, even if thatr were practicab le as In
Sait was it look nltrly the whole month oIf O:
iOctober to opeli i me'i ly lpssit bhl wliy te" ii,
the wagons front f1ul Prairie to the' sn- ,
mit, aI distance of only twenty-five mcile :
and lhe men w-re wr o-king hart]d fron the
earliest dawn ]ill duik. Muilan, who did
coturage ianld hurry up the' work. A fill or
two of snotw hegtut tt o warn itu ol tIhe l -
proaching winter. While at Muud Praii i
a Quarterml'lateir's train lrought out the
winter supplies for the military clormts. 1,
which necessitated double tripping on Iart
Sof ourt teamso o the next depot t it the foloti i
0of th ile mo lt llain.
Early in November the next depot wat i i
establlishled on the ali side of tlhei tlut - it
tainc. at what is now called Packer's t
Ranctihe, on the Regiuis Borgia river. The
iworl down this streaml was solewttlht l
lightllr, becaulse tllhe timber wai more open,
but heua'ay w'as made lowly on atecytt t
of the nmoerous crossings. Winter ha-l
ing now set in for good, made it still 'i
harder on the mn, attl the ,iit,, ,entlale l
wiork c'attle beit anl to suollr flr wanlt ofi
feedl. It haid been thought ill along. t hat
rxi' totlld titu winter qutart'r," ilt Ihi \-i
il'y of tfle' Misstla. but it wai imt ossihtble l
to qet there, and rtel'tailtiy the olr'dir lit' sma
gieln fr the fili' ottllit] t of a wintitr 'a:ip at "
the ltavinog of the Rei' is Bortin houttii
\asa talled "('antoitcient .thei l u.Jot"li
Ssitpedil to Beniton, wiih the expectation of 1 I
having easy ateiess to thtin frou the 'ii - i1
soula vx'llev. fotlnd himself dia]p ointed, r
oand htlad to 1ie'in t'Makinti irlft onlu the di
Qiuarermaster for storens. The ttitizns otit
the expedition lltta'iiig extiatunted -iiult .ornt t
out their supptiet of elothing and other t
neicasitries, begryut to Sttf.tir for wxinut ofi
to hook for the tirival of Messrs. F'lie:tim
& MeClinehi, Suttlerra t tt.e onutit, xhi l
were on the road fl'rom "Wal' a "ta la wi a i
paek trainiif ote hultked auitnios ]"'laded-l
with merebandisoi. These merehants had
started for thie catlp ratiher l-le in thee
ne'oi.n, nd with overloaded anlimls, 'nl
after they passed the Coter D'.tlene - -is
sion a"id bee.an to erter the m'Outtait-ui- ,
told. Their merchandise had to be aban- t "t
dotted and was inproimisuootl°~V satteyed t
all along the roatd from Mud pr--irii to the r
foot of the mountain. Friedtinin reathedI
the camp with only two or three packs, t
and a few loose tnitals. The loss of the (
train was felt severely by tll concerned,
'aid the owners of it were at a clear loss of
$10,000. 3lllhin, it was said, was intter
ested in the loss. 5Omm'e few of it' ablan
doned goods were got to taitp by -toldiers,
wiheo hiaulel lihemxt over tlie !ounOtittti inl
hand sleds.
Winter quarters beiic.tig c.stlishlle. and
it being likely that, the supplies would rcut
short, some of the miein were released froit
their engagement and allowed to proteed
to the valley. The others were kept:
i steady at work.
During the winter a dispatch arrived
from Washington that the War Depart
nlert would send tour or fivei t hulred: re
i crits up the Missouri the following spring,
for Forts Walh Walla, Colville, etc., mid
that 3ltllan was expected to be at Ben
ton in time with his wagons to furnish
trlamsportation for those troops. This or
der necessitated the proiecution of the
work more vigorously than' ever, and the
soldiers who had heretofore performed no
labor, were called into. requisition, and:
sent ahead to aid in road btuilding. It was
necessary to.have the way open for trnivel
as far 's Hell Gate Ronde, with the elirliest
spring, and most of the grades up the Mis-
I soula river were dug out of the deep snotws
of mid winter. Most of the work animals
,perished, and anew supply had to be sent
for to Came. i Flod, in , mt ah. There wvasi
not much enjoyment in thiS winter camip.
As earl3y as poble in the spring of 1860,
thie expeition hmoved over the laborinusly
maip road to Hell Gate; thetnce as rnpid
ly a8 the wagons cotld I g ;t over obst:
clet up the bell Gate canyon to Deer Lolge,
and, thence over a couaparatively, openi
eoniutry to Fort Benton, and arrived thtere
in due time tor furnish the desired trani.
portation to Major Blake and the recriatit
On the eturn to hls Walla some icmpor
tait work was done by the soldiers, andr
the road had been opened and the wagon"
had rolled over it both ways; but it we
like all new roads, a hard oneto travel.
Upon renonendations muadqi by Major
Blake, ý-to jlas authorized to inspect and
report upon the woVrsk done, and who rs
ported very favorabi , M1hllan was ent
agtl iDlntoth idels earl} in 18tI with
and an sec of ned hinsidd teen fronh
Ie2, a
t odtsiy ulsttCo e. nl
tJhe Spokane, arouindCouer D'Alene Lake
to the Misibon, abandoning entirely the
noald imade the previous year fromlt Sna'ke
river via the Palou-i and St. ,Toe valleys.I
-Ther' wav no difference in distance on the
inew route t:t1kc., but it wal entirely a
prairie road, with the exception of thirty
S1ve miiles beweon the Lake mid the 3fie
t-ion, where cOiidcrablitl work had to be
done over 'ursl of .ont:itaiJ. The maini
?art of the ltabor t..o b terforitmed tlay in the
.Bittr Ro: Pm iontatini,. unit hetyw i1 tihe'
tis.-otla river and l)D'er Lodge, (the only
portionl of c'ihnItit' \VIwhi\r the- 31iti!l road
is yet distinctly arl ed, ami where it will
tal ways he kt1; wn bty it. ptroper inome.) -
'artful ex:uniatioi t of the al' p revealed
nearly fifty milh'. or thait the roai wouldi
fiave to remain :along, the 'bottilts of t-ho"
eanyon;. (.ruating was fount intpr;ctih'able
for the wiati otf I:ls il- tiit, titheirefore
the old road hall to 11. rt;ainei. Much
work w,-a1 r'equii.ttl alln dioln' to clear it ofI
falltlen tilbe, andI: to level sItldilng stllmlipi
t\ithl it i bed. T MlilIany cros-ingt s of Ithe
,.trlaitn as a set iriot-1 draitw-back, antl
11ullan tried the experiment of bridging.
Timber l)tini g ptentiy, rlouh il 'ridtlies were
eaily andll quickly tconstr u ted, but i
mortl inllltalnccs thil . en ll4tnkil e i)t were
IridJies wouldt wiJllJ:tan l any hiilh rfi.Iltlt,
tellliio:r :ry-stJrJ t u li l' '.r , l.tl 1 vinJ.J tile ill'l(>n
Ii;inil proilper, !llty repair' alnti improve
:llli to ;l e cro~i'llg it, iand lthe J r. - hli-h
in, of flI'rri it ha- decided, to rt'ail the
jroad li it biefore. T'lJ hll -at yon,
iwhere iut little worIk hill beXit dOne theI
pre(viols y 'ar. ' d yet p to I, :Ittilod io, I
and winthr i'lyear.icr were h"ilt oni the left
libnk of iht : Big l k: (11 l-t-.t, nea-: r its- mii ;th.
(JThe > Ilt t*l' 1111 t I t l-d l ( ':I mtlniJI ill! :
Wright.' M o-. ,Fthe .bl~ier- w t',' di
tr'i]lteod in ..mtali t cio J al 'lg ' the 1';n '
ail the griht - ,in lth ti ell tutl..t' "W rtt,
birok ten ftritlnl h' 11 , ~u oin 'i dl-i ( n 1(g tl' ilt
t,,r itof 1l8il-1t 61 ., lo e ,,of tlh' -e ·ere-t ktlowli ,
inl thie hi ·'-ory .f lof hict otltl'-.tr IJ l te' i ork
w11t 111lo " vi'ry - h l'oly. _i lte hri gei ,
'overeXd with whil-ip-'awed Ili l)t'er is
thrown ovr(- the Big" Bliakfool. Ulnit etilm, '
severely dang.e,,d h", the u. n m sunily high
fri e -L e i f, 1 s:,9 -_ it wt-a = ýu o il au te r re ,! :n c e rd
by a private fulil bridgi'. i:f:.e in l tecent
hlr I1o iot'rse Thieves (]' uther a til \ il->
Biam -). (t I 1re f tllwill'd all :itrri led ill Deol
Lolge Varley. by authority of 1.i>-ur.
M u llm l. dhi .y r t -eiv (,ved n o jury t ei:l, huto
were boith l'lr-,ned ltoo'(th"er lbv the lt'.'ee,
a:l rndIred iellicient lrviice i dIi.lggitO
out ro)ck: l "r the lilling of the i ier.: of thei
Bla:kfoot bridg ( In the :lring th ey'
there vet at li!erty with .o)nw good atlvice
for their fui r'e .lid(la i Ie.
In J-:unary, i lti2, i t citizen cotilect'(d;
with th'l si ler st il"', whih'le rou (te to1
.eh"r Lodgt, hwI, hi feie: frozen, naul mnwl-d
iral asl-i,- !, i I t.heb mali le to rl'nlt'h hinlt
i t . i t , i ll.l-tI tii 1:111 ilX ;' 11 -l f hiii l ,2 tlt S
ht'canw a nl '; -ity.
XN :ir he el lin u ofI' Ia . 1:;62, 3tillan,
(tio I' i ' :.jui' heet pii i'oolt d t)o t liipiai -
,y). h:tr''i' 'X liill, . his iinl tri ctioi ls, dii
hand+t tit- 11( ,_l-- 0ioi : it. 110 of the citi'
1 1 goid it, Eh nt vtliiili : g olnl and lilt) soilt
diit'>r rtiurlin ' i1 1-!- ; Captaitn M11llt1,
on ccn .ue tl of pri lte.t, nait:is, Itl!nd it
toe t't'ohit 11 >1 ig0 111Il ollitui'.oil ill Xile
armlIy.
veIli '.h pointi . wii thli ' ! teihir. ".Tl . I,'
(0ili:ary road), and the mmher of mileS
fromt eat'lh t!tI!inlln . 'Phoutl U)l';ll there
intentded as 'uides, mnt also to keep oif'
rUespasser. Na)t-itl)-t:)maing' -to'u t' Of the
1)t"t portin. s of tih(' mo!t w-t'r( "'l"taken up,'
and ltoll it':t- collh ttd, hahite tlhe ml=t '-
mlenr .\'Uift Wer s-t'verely lefi tlone for free pl>b
lie litU . 0o outtra,,eoul be]t-;llll the tr"e
pa;.sstrs at lawt, that the lt'gi latu re ofi:
i t 'a m l(d it ne'<.Hsu"y to enact :t law |ti
'larinig tile 31ltlllt ro:al to ht' : "free pi.tb
lic hig'hwa.t."
'T'hat the portion of roadl bew.;een WV. lla
Walla :old ])('l' Lodge, (upon which nmuh
mnelt'y a:nd tim ll d ha ' b'el eXptnl de'1). fell
into dis' w:w thl rtlalt of variolts tlp
palrtont t -se-_. ( 'ing" to the 1":t; r' w\a.tr
w,..e c'redit due him, _ (. .S.
A Relrosp(ctive and Prospective Sketch.
.I ( - r CITIZEN OF BENTON.
In one of tiihe public parks of St. Lou!is,
there stands a st:atue of 'T'homias It. Benton,
for thirty years a eni:tor, flora Missouri,
which, when he was lchosen to that re
sponsible position, wnas a "wild Western
State,'" wlosx e resources w-ts as yet ulnde
veloped. The statue represents the Senator
during one of his mighty speeches, favor
ing the encouragement of the trans-conti
nental railway, which should unite by
rail the two oceans. Hie stands erect with
his right arm extenlded toward the, mighty
and glorious West, and utters the
phrophetic and now inmeortal words.
"There is the West, and there is India." i
Conceive if you can at, the present day
(with one Pacific railroad already comn
pleted, and three more under way), the
position of the far-seeing statesman, who
then stood almost alone in Congress as an
'advocate of that enterprise, which promnised
so much for his whole country, as. well as
for his State, and all future States and
Territories to be in that 'grand country
exilreesed in.the, simple words 'the West i
It wahs-saind truly ythat airy-ountry that,
could control the trade-of the Indies , or inu
more general terms, the "Orient," must
become wvealthy,- strong andl pownerf.l.
Englmntld whose hulls plowed the water
ofaiiimost every sea. beui t tthi trade and 5
gathered in her golden narvest, growuing
gi-it ani dowerful as her awealth increasei.
Beaton ufullr realzcd the uinportauct to
his country of the wr'nd siheme of rea c
ing the Pacific with t railrosd whbih
would inahle iAmaerica to ruIct out her
band anti rasp the prize =o long heldiia
the mother country. W of te-day canty
scarcely believe that he -tood ail o"t alone
in thate unle u the time the Pacific Rail
srod wim at tfrst advocetd. There were
re 4 thatltuch a gin ati could yehe y
.L . --.7- - " :
SNo5w ithtdin . ing all thi-t, Benton stood ai
firin friend of the measure until the day of
his dearth. Not nnaliy years after we find
- the chief commercial city of his own State,
Sion- second to no State in the Union in the
n ednduring r)ources' nceessal'y to make a
great commonlcwealth, bound with iron
andsll to the "Golden Gate," through
which flat the tfleets of our ownl land,
carrying the trade of Orient from WNPest to
East. Whait a woniderful change in so
Ishort a time!
Thomas 1I. Benton alio was the friend
of the American For Company, whi-h
built the first adobe dwelling in the pr)tsent
hnmit of Montana Territory, which still
1 i:itisl in ourll toVin, known ais Old Fort
Benton," so nWan tal in honor of Missouri's
rlClat Se:ltor, and a worthy name it is. It I
sees!; . tlitenntly lprop-r thalt iroun11d the'
-ite of the "Old Fort" at thea head of navi
igatioi on that stream - cil'a.I. has the iaime
of hi- State, should grow into ,-xistence al
miuiaiurii ity il :l'd itBeiton. And let
i1 no imat think tlht t!li little germ is not
Sclit oil good groundl. ook llaround ai t her
reo'urcea, mineral, pastoral and agricul
Stural. Benton is in the centre of a mag
niiteent country; is the navigable head of
a stream more than 4,000 miles long', a+nd
w hose outlet is th' Gulf of Mexico. That
ttrtieii is at free highway to all vessels that
hos('11o to ontme. .o nlolmopoly cltn control
Sthose wactetrs. The ]prolblem of cheap tIrains
p rtati'ii i- iolved for 1i byli' 111atl1, andll if
Sartificial highways desire to crnmpete, tlhey
must colme to our doorl .al do better thanl1
our mtinrll one. How milany will count
Slh' spire of thisf br i tCie In' yetll ea
Lem I'. andl ,x(clai.-'i 1 1(41(d y on ,o?'
R1os-i Agates.
f'il' behst wayt to gt ;along" withort mllll'h
That ii -l iixc-i tllj t tepitiimi of it' Rv.
1il4 1 his 1 foihlcs ldc - ne.ll ;. the foi l, i
with tlhis tifil'rnc -ltle fril'illr knllo
hi 11 colntols 1111n from the world,
Stile tihii ftool's t'iblc are klnwn to the
\\ordII t l l:l(l ,o lcealed fromll lillSelf.
A i w!to i ,4 tconsidcer l the g i'r ta r`st talker
- lll l,'iid I ltiii e li l "'liti 1.t'- .liin d" otne
th(ousand ln tn to death. Are -we of the
ri:i t North-Wtest to ti' eclipsed by thicl
"ta:lking rodi'i y" 'of i intiuity? "aten't
Wti some cinv irsatioalist thatt aill c1-i'i
earii fav iorabl; with :i(t ,ut5t'to
That umiserly like, company," i( not only
lt iiliair hiali i enh lit:ito1r, butatiri i ttiglai nce
seems to he _111 intený ely selfish peculiarity.
elcti'on, howeveri, ishows it is not really
tilt' dshire of 1n all lticted pterson that othersl
.houhld sutil"r simply b"lunusi h:" dlo:- ; since
.ulinihg ol the part of others culd ill no
)po=,tll)' way relie ve him. But a:ll "individ
utlity of wo"'" presents itself to the mn11d
as u tlno!; "tille fact, of b :iug singklcd out
from the whohle herd like a victim deer" to
Sulli' rilone is appilling.
For1iV iles ti l )4 .encOll. "i4th( i08 g ;ift,
lndhly toleralnei. on all opilpOne11t bestow;
Pill,( lore" i frie shipd ,.hrin' :t heart-oftering
lift:
Stri; ing in all things a good example to show.
Pride.
Th'lte is nuich to be said )pro and conl in
regalrd to pride. Some one has asserted
thi t pride engendered it L alstde motives is
the l Upas tree of life.
IFrot time itimmieiliorial it has been pit
entIll to all observers, lihit his Satanis mnajes
ty aceoiplishes a vasyr deal ill his own in
terietsi, throngh tlihe prompitings of that
pride wlichl ilfliuences its owner to act an
i:tgonietieliay to iti:tllure's better impulses;
that pride that miak's a "bu g-hear"' of lion
ett IIlouglh Ihunble labor, and insists on
the ilmpid for, but stylish attire in pirefer
ence too ile tdebitlets ownership of plain and
l]honestly gotten appjarel. In a word the
false pride that annlihilates all praiseworthli
ilnepleudene of feeling and suijects its
tremblningi vi'til to onsltant and ignoble
fear of deteetion.
S habbyll, after all, however gorgeons is
that pride prompted spiehldoiu, whose sole
pitrpose is to onaltl tlhe real status of if
fairs. Its shining extierior is as delusive as
theil phosphorescent light that sometinmes
livy upon the sirt'faie ofi a diaying form
fron ihich lifte has departed.
So.tilivhat of an antithlesis to the above
exhibiition of pride, was that displayed by
Altislltenes a pupil of Soerates and found
er Iof thie ( ynict School of Philosophy. IHe
apilpear' onel day blefore his preceptor in
irag i' I . ,rniits, ' liertenpion Socrales re
mlar'ked, "I gee yore" pride Antisthenes
throiugh the holes in your coat."
While the later phase of pride perhaps
Idoes inot !)roti~huc such ilnjtrious collsenueln
ci a-s the former, vet liotil are extlremles anld
tlheret'ore tunlll1fe.
i1 si'tvee ttitnltrsat to tllhese extrellles is
tihit pride prompted iand nlurt uretd by noble
linti i . I t alcuates its owner to persevere
with lner-gy and couirage to do right, how
ever disagreeable the task recognizing no
shlalite save in the failure of correct perfor
m:mee thereof; 'ride that stimnulates its
owner to attempt occpaltiins however
iuhiulible so they are honest, rather than be
"a "drone in this imiy bee-hive''" termed
iworld.
Pride that abihors lshame joys only in
truth, ]l ough the latteir nivy announce the
ablsene of much osilentatioll that the world
holds dear and considers indispensable.
Such pride is a valuabic constituent in the
forlmation of an estimalble character, a char
Iteter thalt all whose opinion is- worthy of
regard will highly appreciate.
Grandmaa's Locket
"Any lettert for E. P. Vanl Cleef? " In
ali LerOis, anllxidO voice, was asked by a
well-fed, well-lothl ti, close-cropped young
fellow of the hotel clerk.
"All! what name?' " demanded that ele
gi ant functionary, not' becaus lie le ad not
heard perfectly well, but to find time to
lounge over the tten feet intervening be
tween himself and the le tter-boxes.
The lnamne was repeated in a sharp, quick
tone.
"''No, notlhig. '
"Please look in 'C' box. '
The clerk st:red, wonderedi what was
pi), reflected that the new comer had
brought but little baggage; mentally re
solved to keep an eye on hint; shuftled
over the letters in tile "C" box; shook his
head, and thenarelapsaed into an arm-chair
overcome with the exertion.
The letter seeker mpunted the elevator,
let himself into his .oonm, lit a segar, re
flected, anthtlien swore.
"Eiight years in Europe, home at last,
sumitmr well ulder way, a fair inheritance
and a prospect of being independent for
the rest of my life. " Nothing to swear at
in all this.
But a moderate wine bill, tips to the
waiters and a bad riut of luck made at the
pools on the miles ri tn within twenty-foua'
hoturs had exhausted the gold remaining
in his pocket after lie had paid his passage
money.. Iis lawyers and the executors of
his late Aimt MJiranda's estate, had been
instruitetd, however, by the previous mail
to teniit montey tohiln at thei Brunswick, si
ethat was a matter of nomo ment. But the
remittance :had not arrived. Most of his
baggage had been expressed to, Chicago,
from the hold of the big Cunam der, and ii
it ithe aeildcrs of his new lawyers.
Sr-hii"um wrc~.r sounr d weoll, lie refhieted,
but 1i " With to the deluce they'di send me
Tues'dv cane, oit vitIt it no letters; It
Pre tly la i went tt for stroll, fuid
It w arita ald oursh the k that kept hiimit
from-getting awtay from the heat tt uist
hoie~te sse inan iAaglo-Boston hand,4i ]
arrvain1i tt -iti th -tr
Yow- who the-es 'Mare?" Marie-'
I dont know anry Maiie, especi:dly any
Marie who is particularly interestedi.hn imy
health and who 'ritest charming note,
saying things which with women pass for
wit, and (smelling the paper) who uses
extract of violet liberally. Well. I'll be
sure to go; it may diiert nmy mind from
pecuniary embarrassment. I'll have to
make a clear breast of it to the clerk soon,
and probably be arresteil for a dead heat.
A 1m:all who expects remnittalnes and don't
know his lawyer's address, who has no
baggage and wants moley to get to Chicae
go bears at strikilng resemblance to a sub
linmely cheeky confidence man.
'Evening driess--claw-h:amtmer coat,etc.,
but no gloves, no ties. Really nloney is a
momnentarv necessity, by jove, said Frank
is he took the first named articles from his
trtulk. I can't go to dinner and find out
my unilnoiw(i friends if I don't have gloves.
Oh, if there was only a MJont de I'Plte, in
New York--by joive! Simpson's! I will
arise :ind go unto ly U ncle and say unito
himnl 'lend me ten dollars.' '
SFrank laughed, then grew sober again.
There was a sense of degradation in Ille
mere ide:. Then with a shrug, lie thought
ineeds must when the devil drives, and tak
Sin' out a box of jewelry, none of it explen
!ive, he turned it over.
"Hello! here's just the thing. " he ex
claimed, :s tin eyes fell uiponi a locket.
It's an odd llft'ir. A euanio head of thet
Savior, around it coiled a gollde; serpent
with brilliantly enamelel s.ales, and a
pair of "pigeon's blood "' rubies fori eyes.
Frank had picked it up inl a little shop in
SLolindn just befor lie hesailed for hlome. it
Iwas ' one of the fancies lie had begiun to in
duld e himielf in when lie received the first
ire !itlance from his niew lawycrsc and new
property. ,
"This banble is principally accountable
for iny leini~ short of money, he thought.
"I will jmake it reimburse me. " On the
ibai of the itliqint old locket were the in
itial: "'. 1)D. Vt." and below them ".'[.
IE. " There hi:ll been a picture in it
once bat; there was left only the mark
of the klnife with which it had been pried
out. It was growinx g late a:nd calling a
hack Frank jumped in and told the driver
to tatke him to tile new (lourt I oust. Ar
rived there, he toll tihe jehoi to wait,
p isd- I through the building and out the
other door, walked briskly to Shimpson's,
lesitated a moment. bolted into the door
:andli in a secondll stood ill one of the boxes
at the counter, wlere a poor women \was
pa;'ning come clothing for food. Frank
shui iddered, pulled out the locket and laid
it down. A dark man 1with a humpbacked
no-e took it up, scrutinised tile initials,
tested the goUl on at cornler and said laeonl
ically.
"How much ? "
"Ten dollars. "
The mlan turned away made out the
ticket, hantldel Franllk tile money and .elu
plicate ticket and turned to tihe next us
tomeilr.
With a sigh for thle atmosphere of misery
tlhat surrounded the place, from the dark
corners of which the hollow faces of want
and starvation seemed leering at hlim,
Frank pushed quickly out of the door,
reached his cab,said to the driver,"''Bruns
wickq-- ek . ." id ro!lle,.wvay.
II
i The little red lips quivered perceptibly
i and two big black eyes filled with tears.
To be hungry--absolutely, unpotically and
practically hungry-was a novel experience
to Bessie Prang. To be hungry in a fash
ionable lodging house with plenty down
Ssatairs in a well-filled larder and a cool,
t pleasant dinning room, was simply ab
s 'urd. Sitting in an elegant rooms, and a
mass of feminine knick-knackshand brick
Sa-hbre, hearing the rattle Of k.aives and
Sflrks come up on the air from the lunch-,
Stble below--and yet to bIe hungry was pos
I itively maddening, incongruous she
tlhought. To be sure there was no reason
why she should not have gone to the land
lady ansd explained her situation and. b..;yj
sure of liberal treatment. Buit they hail
been ill the house but a few dayi and had
been taking their meals outat a setatrant.
Bessie's mother had been called away to
- visit a sick sister, and she had lei her little
girl alone, not without misgivingi. and the
night before Bessie had lost her tpurse or
hail her pocket picked coining fromi dinner;
at any rate it was gone and witi it the
money which was to have plurl.hutke her
meals for the next two days. A iractical
- wqmtian would have done the obviots thing
andi interviewed her landlady, Bid Bessie
was even more sensitive than mostA\vomen
about addressing strangers when 4 itrouble
especially about money matters, ail feared
to encoiniter sulspicion. So shle w( pt with
out her breakfast, and by lunch tane was
ravenously hungry. What a curs a good
aI petite is at times !
T:len it occurred to Bessie that c heard
her cousin Tomi joke about' "hi uncle"
which s-he knew meant the pa,. broker.
What ai horrid thing 1he pa nbroker
must be. A kind o' cross betwoe a Shy
I lock and a Fagin, and they woulm ogle her
perhaps, Oh, no! she'd starve b lfre she'd
go there. But as the afternootuwore on
and hunger increased, and wil it her
perplexity, she began to cry ; bit crying
didn't help matters; on the con pry, the
pangs of hunger rather increase nd with
themt came the determlination t ftnd her
cousin Tomn's uncle. She resolv t that no
I one but hlerself should ever kn of her
perplexity, "not even mamma, nor her
visit to the pawnbroker's--.ev that.
From under a perfomed una of laces,
bits of ribbons, souvenirs of val d friends,
affectionate letters from fond .oolmates
iiand scrapes of selected mis llany-all
,daintily arranged in a bureau (wer, that
receptacle for odds and ends -lle fished
out a pretty box aund took from a queer
old locket. It was a carved he: of Christ,
surrounded by a brilliantly enau led snake
wiith ruby eyes, anrd on the b k the in
itials l. E. and underneath . D. V.
"Poor old grindma; hoxv Ii rifietl youi
would te if you only knew, and hadn't
been dead these ten years " he said t
herself softly as she hput the eket back
into its case and ran down stai in the late
summer afternoon.
It was a long walk dowv Broadway.
The pavements were hot and orehed her
feet, her face grew flushed Nsf i exertion
i and her black curls clung da ply to her r
wh ite forehead, besides she w weak from
ljong fiasting. She thought at st that she
did not know where she wa going, but i
she mustered ip courage to a police
man. He eyed her curiously ut told her ]
civilly enough where to go. ot waves of
crimson dyed her face and eck as she e
passed in at the doorway, to er the trio I
of golden balls, and stood at ie counter. f
She heard a poor woman ne to her re jI
fused the amount she begge for an old a
shawl. It w nas moth-eaten d they did ]
not want it at any price.
Thenr.a voice said: 1
"Well aMiss?" t
She produced the locket.
"Hlow much? "
-fter a hurried examinati she was re. i
lieved to see that the man garded her 'I
novel.' situttiton (,oily eno i, a5nd lwt
spoke for the fitrs time. 1
:"Ten dollars, please
The moni r wiAs ebunted it: she he
stowed one olltar of it on tl poor wonma.
swhoseshawl s ad bte"a re e .el amd whiv,
still stood in ta azed wiay o.she sidew alit (
I escaped frout hi er tlasnks ic a Fourt. #.
uavenue ear, and wa'is soor tlutigh h'0
tihead i her coolroolr;0 forge ais thit
rihe lut. mone' of ter hungo
Juist then a:: not rueaheid h
DE sit w .i Cvir
day s' mitay Yourse,
i t toiner " t essie, s n
, ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ' enBfatl oig i hmh
kid ne~aeen ind ;a boude
j head, Thyay vii 1roi strangers to him.
Fora montcii tIhe situation waR emnar
rassing Th'n Alr.? Praneklyn stepped
forward and Frank said with that self-pos
session which on all .occasions character
izcs the .ultured gentleman:
",There mutst be some mistake. I evi
dently have a natnesake somewhere. "
- Oh, no -we are cousins to your late
Aunt Miranda, who has just made you her
legatle, anll as you have come homei ai last
we mean, lon that you are here, to ilake
you accept a cousin's place ill our house
and our friendship, said Mr. Fratcklyn.
It is enough to say that the dlinniler was
perfect, the hostess charming, the host a
jolly good fellow, and Bessie so bewitching
that Frank w'as in love before the dinner
was half through.
The letter from "my lawyers" was :i;
the hotel whenl Frank returlnedl, cov(r·si
will the post-Imarks of half the Bruinswkks
in the eoiriiry, among which it had t-r'-.-
eitl while he was waiting tbr it :it tlhV
Hotel Brunswick. The last words he iuar-_
toured as ihe droppad off to sleep, weire
" Foltlid an uncle, two cousins anlld--andl"
lie was dretaming of a black-eyed girl in
i white!
Iv.
The plegniatic ellr'k at the piawnbrolkm i -'a
turlned oever two lockets, atiparently just
alike, and examineIl them culiolsly, tit-i
put ihenm hack in their wrappers, aitnd w\a
about to put them away. when Ila fetioi
tclerk approache d and also looki at ltth-i.
I They chan:ged themln :labout a little, anrd Ithi
put thele in the wratppersaigaii, and iii til
i saif. Thei next day ]loth lockets were rWe
deented. They thought it clrils- asit the
time, butodd things are of dailyoccuri n ,-ri
i- tlh oitce of a pawnbroker, tit( theatre
of the daily dratin of woe and want. p).v
lerty. lluntger land dirt.
Frank looked a. tlhe locket wthetn hi
reached his hotel: it N% n.7 the sane. T'lherie
v-as the little bright slot where- thi .I li ts
acid had touched t llh corner of thilel I-a,
Sbuitt llthe rest was thel .ei excrtly, ..
r-ulilted hits eye s--h lier-as wihe-n t'i; ttk
the locket the initials on the case had i] h1:
". '. 1) V."-M. E." Of this he wai p r
ifectly sure; yet. ihere now- they ! 're
plainly reverse,, and read "31. E.-Y, D
V." ]Ie puzzled over it ontoItune. Ten
! he went down in a cab aid ,)emiandtd of
the ipawniliroker in eii laliationl . Thle tlerk
Srenembered and told himi of .the' cirlretoui
i tane oll the two lot'ckes exiaitly l:ike, le(ft
withlin tlal hour ofl eatch other on the pr(,-i.
ceding day, each pledged fr ten doll:uts,
teach redeemedtl in tile tliorligi, a:11 exltla
inationi. how the-y ulnlst : have becioli
etiangedh. The clerk lloped there was no
llharm donel , remllembli rcd that the itlher
locket was left by a "yountg womatn,"
really didn't rememnber what she lookife
like, anld then wenlt back to his work.
i Frank returned home puzzled. It ria:il'
didn't matter. It was only a chance pur
Schase of a luniquelll trille in jewelry; ,ei:
hadll't the retllottst idei whose tlit inlitihals
were; buti lie was superstitiot.s about it..
and it troubled him. That the lohk-t I:had
its countlerpart in New\\ York, there cotltd
hIe o dloubt, atndl so Frak esolved not t.
tell the story, but to wear the locket nt ilts.
chain, in the hope tlhat it would attract the
Sattention of Rsoie onlt..h iho could soltve tile
Ilystery.
".damal," cried Bessie, the next tiay,
her eoltfession made, she had. ieleenmed
li her precious locket ani was examinin it,
d "'Malnna," this is not Ily locket. Thlis i<
Sthe other one. This is poor grantidma's,
gaze d'.imonur to her faithless {over
1tcomet hack to her graI(lehild. "See, See'
I she rattled oni in wild excitementtl.
3irs. Prayne looked sharply at the re-.
versed initials; and in a niomelt Mar asa
excited as I ..-- Cousin 'Tom was tdi
:Itthed to the pawnbroker's for itformla
dtion. He learned but little mlore thant
Frank, anti so the mnystery 'was talked of
and speculalted upon tir the next week.
aGrandmhna's love-story was told over and
over. It was briefly this :
Mary Emmerson andl Van Diyke Vedtde
were lovers; They exchanged loek.t<
1 made to order for them: Vedder "went
1 sailing away out into the West" and 'Ar r
triedi, h"aving grandma, thi!t yountig .Pait
pretty, to soon console hersetlf with P,. eaier
e lover who ibecamle her huLsbandl . tthe al
ways kept her faithlss tlaihuleed iln as wart
spot ill her heart, as every won't, t h'-e tits
nman 'he once loved. But shei. iseter saw ta
heard of him again in lift. Bessiv r~
ceived her blessing, her littl fortun', ara
tihe precions locket, when thil. old lady tta;as
on her death bed. Anti now, after liaty
yea'rs, without a clew, the Iotekets aIere
i callged by seine inysteriotla it argenltv.
T Two months later Bessie anld Frank mtete
again at the Frnktcldyn pretty house at New
Port. They had both fiorgotten the lhaket=
and forgotten the world in etach other..
One stun'ner evening Bessie promised toi
be his wife, andt as two little white ariue
went uip arolundl his neek,. rank F wa.
guilty of a most unconvenltional ptitoceed
ing. lie was actually surprisetld outit el
taking immediate advantage of his newly
arequired privileges. Among the lace aboutt
Bessie's neck, rested the other locket.
I The love-tokens were love-tokens still..
Bessie told htier granlldmother's little ro
1mance, and the initials were explained to.
Frank, who exclaimed almost with awe,
SVan Dyke Vedder,' the faithless lover of
your grandmrlother, was my grandfather'.
In a handsome hotuse in Fith Avenue,
there hangs upon the parlor wall a vcive -
case. IIn it are two lockets, eacth as like
the other as can well be imaginedt-a ,mileo
head of Christ surrounded with anl eltalt
Beled snake with ruby eyes. Over these
hang three golden balls.
Some time since' a Detroit nI-reIchait wIr ta
in want of a clerk, andi he advertised thet .
fact. Amolllng the iuiierons apjlic:lttit
x who sent in reconIiendall tions wa-s a yttmtg
nman who had shortly before received a ]It
ter fromn.the old man Blatk, to the etii+ t
that any further visits to his hol)ll.e on the
part of the young man cotll not hit ir- pi-
mitted, and that "Marl 's'' future hltsbandti
wa- already selected. In his haste and ex
citemtent he forwarded this note in place of
a reonlll enldation fronl a nercautitle ione,',
and on discovering his Inistake, ihe called
upoin the merchant to secure thlie mihSivet.
"Ati! said the merchant, as the youngtl
man entered, "you can begin here toltOr
row. I was about to write you."
"That-that letter--" began tie' young
i man, but the merchalitfiiterrupteid:
"Best recommend in the world. (',lt
Blank and I have been enemies .itr forty
six years. Any one lie is down on I alhways
employ, in order to aggravate hinmi. ;Gome
right along. I1' giye you a position iti thet
front of theistore, where the ol) eurmlu
geon mlust see you every time hlie passes,
geand if you want to make up faces a:t hillnt
I'll pay all costs!"
Thus are we able to furnish another ii
the depths of despair. i
A young man of bashfil appearnce wentt
into the County Clerk's office at Nevada City,
last week, says the Transcript, and, :tfter
considerable hesitation, divulged the inP
portant fact that he wanted a I1marinlai'
license. H- e stammered out the required it
formrationforthe blanks in response to hae -
Clerk's inquiries. The license was hai., 4
over the desk tohim and he paid the tie. i
.ie returined with a disgusted look c .~ hli;
face, and halnded back the dociumen ta n l !
saidt he wanted thenmoney returntld hictId hi
paid forit.
: Why so ?" asked the man withitho pel |
over his car.
",Well it'sjtst. this way,"said th0e yeUtlii
feilloki indignantly. "That piece -of papert
air't worth a g.ll dants.7aotLJ want O)'
moiiey.'
"Wlat' the r trouble with 1a " qleri,~t'
the Clerik, moreperplexed th'a c r, s 5h$
"WelU, her ol~ man won't honor it, tldt'h

xml | txt