Newspaper Page Text
SFort Benton, ontana, Wededay, Ptober 2 E7,1880.
Vol0. FI ort Benton, Montana, Wednesday, QO;tober 57, 1880. No. :i
WILLIAMS, WRIGHT & STEVEBNF,
PUBLISHERS AND PROPRIETORS.
Terms,......................... $5.00 per Year.
PATES OF ADVERTISING:
One Column, 1 year............................$175
S 6 months....................... 100
t" 3 ' .... .............. 75
Half Column, 1 year......................... 100
,, 6 months .......................... 75
• ' 3 " ........... ..... ....... 40
One-Third Column, 1 year..................... 80
, 6 months ................... 45
,, 3 months .................... 30
Quarter Column, 1 year ........................ 75
6 months ................. . 40
,, 3 months .................... 30
Three inches, 1 year .......................... . 50
,, 6 months ....................... 30
i. 3 months............... .. ..... ... 25
Professional Cards, 1 inch, 1 year ............... 15
Ratus for Transient Advertisements givea at office,
inr' - P '« `-- hote' Cotr: y Tickets. The Barker
N i: pe:ial Dispatches. Notes of News.
s ', I: 1'XGE--A fo,rgotren Empire. Government
I.!-: . lhiaa'. PropI atiol for War. TLe Woolen
TIInau PAGE--CiRpit~t: R'mi'sc~conces. A Proa-her's
S:::r. Te KeeL.; ;Magzin'e Gun. In the Georgia
Go 'd ''"t. 'Tw, l 'il, i of Ja w. Fashion Notes.
: ,:('i'T lP. :--(Editori"al otes. Corimorant Rule.
I3r I n -, F;m c:nitri:g. Elc:.tion Laws.
i' ' -"Tainls." Oiur Canuridite. Afte
'-; Eleios. Meteorological Re
;rs- P'a--- uP liver Letter. Notes. Territoriar
S:v..it Pa 'r , -A Silent Voice. Scientic Notes.
N!c oas ai. Alexanfdor. e aroieon II. F loatin
F,,e , . An Awkward Compliment.
D:,;. ;ri 1'F:,c,-Ih Town and Out. General Locals.
P I::ly P,:rsonal. ThI e Price-Conrad Wedding.
1o)n",at Miies. , udge( sof Ele1 ion.
C if eJT E't U IEP:1UBL ICAN T IO ETf. 1
For Io" rgate to C 'ngress.-WILBUR F. SANDERS.
For C ,at ii'l:nen.-- 1. i. CHURCIILTL.
O(:,NEIU II HEDGES.
ANDRIEW J. S3MITII.
For Pepreen tati es.- -ROi ERT VA UGHN
GEO. CLENDENNIN, SR.
For Distri "t Alorney --. H. I)DE VTT.
For Souril and A es.'or.-W . ROWE.
For Trecr and Supt. Schools.-JOIN HI1iNSBERGER.
For Prolaite TJudgre and lecorder.-J. W. TATTAN.
Fior ("cunty C:mmisiouer.-J. 1). WEATHERWAX.
For Coroner.-C- HAS. BOUiRASSA.
For Justices of the Peace.-GEO W. CRANE.
J. A. K, NOUSE.
For Road Supervisor.- NICK WELCH.
For Co.istab)ies.-W. H. M:,ELHINNY.
GEO. W. SCOTT.
C3H O'T EAU }E S OO. 'I XCRATIIOý TICKiET.
For Del :ga te to Congress. -MA RTIN IMAGINNI 3.
Fo: Councihnen.--R. S FO i'D.
W. 13. IIUNDLEY.
JOS. K. TIO LE.
J. L. KERLEY.
,? R_ >pres.ent <;iv,.-.--tL A. KENNERLY.
J. J. DONNELLY,
1 Di-frict Att orney.--T. J. LOWRY,
,, ,iff ,m Assassor -JOHN J. RIEALY.
i:'(r. T:r',' ati " ;"i,. Schools.-JO.I", HUNSBERGER.
1I', P ob ,e Ji dge and Recorder.-J. W. TAT PAN.
1e r 'ontr Cu'n'uis siner-A. i, HAMILTON.
: :oroner.-- i , KELLTY.
For Justice of the Pea.=e.-J. A. KANOUSE.
For Road Supervis or.-JOHN LA .)OTT.
FIor Coi:taie.-GEOj. . SCOTT.
TfI I RARII(PR MINFR A
THE BARKER MINES.
Their General Characteristics and Forma
tion-Possibilities of Their Future
--What Has Been Done.
The Indications of a Coming Boom for the
Belt District Changing Into
There is hardly a parallel instance in the
history of Montana mining excitements where
a casual prospect has grown so rapidly into
development as ,in the Barker district; and
Montana has never before shown such mag
nificent prospects as the past few months
have developed in these mines, nor a case
where systematic prospecting has revealed so
many indications of richness, continuity and
volume. Indeed, there are but few instances
in the records of mining where all the indi
cations were as favorable for the possible de
velopment of splendid properties as the dis
-coveries in the Barker district present.
The formation, in a country rock of the
earlier geological eras, granite and porphyry,
indicates veins which past experience has
demonstrated are ricnest and most permanent
-free from the uncertainty which mineral
deposits in later formations usually present.
There are a class of mines which for a
time prove of more than ordinary richness,
and are occasionally found in enormous body,
(the latter sort, however, are usually of low
grade). But they are generally fugitive in
character, and after being worked for a
greater or less time, either gradually impov
erish, or the ore asuddenly disappears. Such
mines are usually only the debris formed by
convulsions which cause a conglomeration of
No good mineral belt is without these
" blow-outs," as they are often erroneously
termed, and their existence is fair evidence
that there are in the vicinity parent leads
which by attrition or convulsion have become
in part disintegrated. Of course there are
exceptions, and cases where these deposits
give no indication of true vein satter, owing
to the total destructi o. . the original forma,
tion by causes not yet understood, and the
collection of mineral matter iitio the depres
sions generally known as pockets; but they
are only exceptions As a rie, veins with
well.defined granite walls, with not too great
an inclination from the perpedicular, willi
hold oart as deec as it is prastiwibi a to work
Ams oupFinvin,=bt gne1 sxsti
pockets and large bodies which, from the
nature of their combinations and the pecu
liarities of their surroundings, must have
been precipitated from an aqueous solution.
They are generally very rich, but as a rule do
not possess the virtue of stability. The car
bonates of the Leadville district are probably
of this formation, although they exist there
in enormous body.
The mines in the Barker district, so far as
development has indicated .their nature, pos
sess, in an eminent degree, the peculiarities
of true fissure parent leads, and only in a
few' cases do there appear evidences of de
posit veins or ore bodies. • And when this is
considered in connection with the unusual
width, regularity and richness of the ore
veins, there is every possibility for a glorious
future for this camp.
The geological formation of the district
is in some respects peculiar. A strata of
silica lies under the granite and extends
nearly to the Oxide & Boss, when the forma
tion is purely granite to the D innelly & Er.n
ma, where it is intermixed with porphyry, es
pecially near the walis of the veins, which
is a most favorable indication. The Wright
& Edwards, Barker & Grey Eagle, and the
Equator & jaco form, from the indications
thus far developed, what appears to be the
central or parent group, flanked by veins
which have spurred out in several places in
the direction of the general formation, from
the beginning of the granite of the lower to
the gneiss of the upper; and the direction,
dip, and general characteristics of the ore
veins indicate that the whole are an offspring
of the same set of conditions which formed
the central lode; and should further develop
ment strengthen this hypothesis, there will
no longer exist reasonable doubt of the abso
lute durability of the veins and the stability
of the new camp.
Above the gneiss, and between it and the
slate, is found some very rich deposits of
carbonates, showing much the same charac
teristics as the Leadville product. But there
is so little developmnent here that the nature
of the deposit can only be conjectured, and
it would be unsafe to hazard an opinion on
their future possibilities.
The main belt of leads previously referred
!o cross Galena Creek nearly at right angles,
in a general east and west direction, and the
earlier discoveries have in the main been
made along its bed, where the veins were ex
posediby the action of .tr :in t cutt.ig a
cross section of the strata. The leads are of
unknown length and from three to ten feet
wide, and probably continue to the limits
of the formation, with a slight dip toward
the northwest. The characteristic of the
ores is argentiferous galena, with, in a few
cases, a trace of copper. Their value will
average throughout about 76 per cent. of
lead, and 40 to 150 ounces of silver, with
some cases of exceptionally high percentages
This district is especially favored in having
close at hand inexhaustible quantities of the
various bases and minerals neccessary in the
reduction of the ores, besides wood for the
manufacture of charcoal.
Two towns have sprung up with the magic
swiftness only displayed in mining districts.
Hughes City, situated below the Wright & Ed
wards, at present contains thirty buildings,
with many more in progress; and Galena
City, on Galena creek, has forty buildings,
and others are being built as fast as possible.
Lots in both places are selling from $25 to
$l125, according to location, and there is a
buoyant feeling on all sides which we think
is fully justified by the magnificent pros
pects of the future of the mines. The enter
prising owners of the Wright & Edwards,
with some assistance from others interested,
have constructed an excellent road from the
prairie to their mines, passing through both
camps, and costing over $5,000.
The lodes upon which the work of devel
opment is being rapidly pushed, are the Bark
er & Grey Eagle, Wright & Edwards, Equa
tor & Saco, Conway & Lynch, Vanderburg,
Oxide & Boss, Emma & Donnelly and Ben
BARKER AND GREY EAGLE
.is opened on the Grey Eagle side by'a tun
nel now in over fifty feet, running along the
vein, showing a continuous -ore body' from
two to five feet wide. It was discovered
from the bottom of `.Eagle creek, and the
tunnel is run from the; discovery. A jshaft
on the Barker side is down fifteen feet and
is following on •the lead. The vein is
five feet wide so far as run, and the ore&is in-
creasing in richness. with every foot. A`,
new tunnel will be opened ;on: the Barker
fifty feet below the :shaft, and it is expected
to tap the lead in about fifty feet at a point
.about the same distance from the shaft.
Eight men are now working on this lead nd
the force will not probably be increased until
spring, when it is expected to push the work
to the utmost of their ability. The,
- WRIT IAND DWARPS
t h u f c r e n a e a a d e r v t
which concentrate into true vein matter in
five or six feet. The owners of this proper
ty are working a force of ten men, and their
prospects are among the :solid indications of
the district. They have . shipped 25 tons of
their ore by the steamer Rosebud to the East
for a test of value. They are just opening a
tunnel which is expected to strike the ledge
140 feet dow-i, and cone, nplate another in
the spring to tap the ve_ 500 feet down,
which latter, if successful,-will definitely set
tle the nature of the entire. formation. The
SAO) AND EQUATOR
lies directly between the Grey Eagle and
Wright & Edwards. ft is a well-defined
vein, with the same 'indications as the
latter. The shaft is down .85 feet, showing
with every foot of advance increasing rich
ness and body. The -
CONWAY AND LYNCH
has developed some of the finest ore in the
district, and the shaft is down about fifteen
feet. A shipment of their ores has been
made in order to test them-: on a practicable
working scale. The ore ,is.argentiferous ga
EMMA AND DONNELLY
is situated about 1,200 feet north of the Bar
ker & Grey Eagle. The shaft is down about
15 feet, showing a large bidy of quartz and
galena, with favorable indications for fu
ture durability. The
OXIDE AND BOSS
is a new discovery, and shows a four-foot
vein of solid galena in the Boss, and an im
mense body of decomposed copper-stained
ore in the Oxide.
is situated on Gold Run Creek, about a mile
and a half from Galena efeek, in a south
east direction from the Barter lode. A tunnel
is in fifty feet, tapping the n, and showing
a splendid body of ore, wit <wire silver scat
tered throughout its mass.
There are some other dis6everies on Galeio.
Creek which give favorable prospects, but
there has not yet been sufficient development
to define just what are their extent or value.
One hundred men are now engaged in the
work of prospecting arni development in
this district, and the sp ig will witness a
degree of activity whic1 :few, new camps
[Reported Specially to th1 River r:css.]
TELEGR A.PH IC
Apparent Republican Gains in New
Weaver Cl0aims Poul Play in the Publica
tion of His Letters,
FRAUD! -FRAUD ! FRAUD !
Speculations on New York.
NEW YORK, October 25.-The Times says:
The registration in New York city this year
is 216,929, against 167,857 last year. Analy
sis of the table shows that the rate of increase
has been much greater in the Republican
than in the Democratic districts. In the 7th,
11th and 13th Assembly districts all are Re
Nrw YORK, October 26--The completed
registration in this city shows an apparent
net Republican gain of five and one-third per
cent. compared with that a year ago.: Ex
perts carefulhy estimate the aggregate vote
will be 200,000, unless Democratic indiffer
ence increases. This, on a basis of the per
centage obtained by Tilden four years ago,
and allowing for the net Republican gain as
above, would give Hancock less than 50,000
majority as against 80,000 to 100,000 major
ity for Garfield confidently expected elsewhere
in the State. A moderate estimate of the
defection among the Democratic business
men and manufacturers reduces the probable
city majority to 45,000. The Express says:
The Democrats claim only 41,000 in 541,000
in Kings county. Registration indicates a:
ten per cent. net Republican gain, which
would leave about 10,000 majority for Han
cock. Adding Queens, Sufolk and Rich
mond counties, 63,000 Democratic majority
'below the Harlem river is the utmost that
judicious Democrats claim ass probable ;or
possible. The Republicans icame down to
the Harlem river last year with a larger ma
jority than that. In the foregoing calcula
tions no allowance is made for the undoubted
falling off in the Democratic vote this year
by indifference, desertion to the Republican
ranks and the return of business Republicans;
who voted for Tilden four years ago. Two
hundred and fifty thousand gain from these`
causes is a very moderate estimate.
Pacifiec Coat States.
cI o, .October 2 .-The XHon. Richard
Thompson, Secretary 4f the Navy, left this
has ately viosit ypre har anpp tun
ni . i:nd .sregfn;:3adro o wi i ev
r typethee º uor oub ofth reult.
have not had the same opportunity for obser
vation in Nevada, but believe that the State
will go as the others on the Pacific coast."
"What effect do you suppose the so-called
'Morey letter' will have in the Pacific States?"
"I don't believe it will have any.. The let
ter is a forgei and when that fact becomes
known the effect will be rather favorable.
In California the Chinese question is unques
tionably a very serious one. It is the great
est problem they have to deal with there, and
we do not fully appreciate it here. It is ev
erything to them there, but this letter carries
forgery upon its face. It would be of no
consequence if genuine except to the Pacific
States, but it will be of none there.
More Fraudulent Letters.
DES MOINES, October 25.-The fraudulent
and forged letter business has broken out in
a new spot and on a new person. This time
the Presidential candidate, Weaver, and his
fast political friend Gillette of Iowa, come
forward and declare that the letter from
Weaver to Gillette, published in the New
York Star, was neither written nor sent, that
its allegations are absurdities and that the let
ter itself is a forgery. The letter declares
that Weaver. is against Fasion everywhere,
because it would be injurious to the Republi
can party in whose interest he is laboring.
Weaver makes his denial before a notary,
and in the strongest terms.
The Morey Letter.
NEW YoRK, October 26.-The Democratic
Committee sent to California on Friday last
electrotypes of the forged Garfield-Morey
letter, with a view of flooding the States with
copies. The Republican Committee to-day
sent out many thousand facsimile copies of
Garfield's autograph letter exposing the forg
ery. No one can compare the respective
handwritings without being convinced that
they are the work of different hands.
"4 -44C(@> 1 <iilim ---------
CmcAoo, October 25.-Astounding regis
tration frauds have been discovered here to
day. Investigations set on foot by the Re
iublicans as a test of the fair dealing of the
Democrats, reveal the startling fact that in
one precinct alone 44 fraudulent names have
been registered, names of supposed persons
and names of men who don't live in the
places given in the poll book. Places are
also given where there are but vacant lots.
.Registration i.spers at the rate of 50 eer day
are being ground out byj th. 'D)emocratic
Committee. Some men registered there have
barely touched American soil. If the pro
portion of fraudulent registration should hold
out in the remaining precincts, there would
be over 5,000 Democratic votes gained. The
Republicans will now make a thorough ex
amination of the list and-precincts.
CINCINNATI, October 26.-The Democratic
Committee of this city, having recently is
sued an address charging extensive frauds in
this city in the October election, a number of
signers of the address were called before the
Grand Jury to-day to give evidence. Not
having the facts fully ready, the examination
The Warren Court of Inquiry.
NEw YORK, October 23.-Gen Grant ap
peared before the Warren court of inquiry
to-day as a witness, but his recollection of
most of the events was not clear as to the
details of Five Forks. He was asked as to
his order authorizing Gen. Sheridan to re
leive Gen. Warren, but Stickney, Warren's
atterney, opposed the personal opinion of the
first soldier of the country being used against
his client. Gen. Grant'made a statement of
his motive /in calling in the 5tth army corps,
to hide Gen. Warren's defects.: There was
a tilt between the counsel, and dispatches
were produced. Gen Grant could not say
whether Gen Warren suggested an attack on
the enemy's rear. He found that when offi
cers: 'undetook to think for themselves
instead of obeying orders it generally led to
defeat. He did not like it, and it had led to
the removal of one of the officers (referring
to Warreni). Stickney isissted on this being
stridCKen out. This part of the testimony was7
atrcken iout, together with some· :ther
ans.ers derogatory to Gen. Warren.
TOT eS OFt W
The insurance underwriter. convention on
the 1St. inst. adopted a reslution declaring
that the insurance companies and polic
holders' interest were identical, and all legis-.
lation hostile to the former is equally bostile
to the latter. They deprecated all such legis
lation as Uadvised anduncalled for.
Five new Steamers, having a capacity of
3O0tons each, have been .put on the Pacifico
-coast by the diretrs of the: Seattle and
Walla Walla road, and will be used- in the
transport of-coalfromn PugetV ound to Sn
The amountpaidfer conveying the-T ,8.
41nis by seasduriu the ,fis year.nding
T u e 0 h l s v s ; 8Te A s e s t h e : ' u R g n
Mic g n s otaly ý: laelo tp-.20t
ber of passengers. The cause was a
thoroughly rotten vessel, which should have
been destroyed long ago.
"Afire in Mont Vernon destroyed -property
to tle amount of $150,000 of which $75,000
The British steamer,. Hilton Castle,
struck; on a reef. about eight miles out of
Victoria, and it is not probable she will be
On the night of Oct. 20th, at San Francisco
occurred a murder under circumstanees most
remarkable. Deceased had been living with
her brother-in-law, and the latter had sub
jected her to his desires, his wife being cog
nizant of the fact but concealing the .affair to
avoid scandal. Latterly a"man by the name
of George W. Peckham, who became ac
quainted with the family some time ago at
Cisco, Placer county, sought to marry Della.
This created jealousy on the part of Wheeler
who, while Della was sitting on his lap,
choked her to death.
The Grand L' dge of Masons, in session at
8 Lou was startled by the report of the
conmmittee appointed to examine the books
of A. G. Holges, Grand Treasurer, showing
that Hodges is a defaulter to the amount of
$7,000. The accused is 64 years of age and
is one of the best known Masons in the
State and has held office many years.
Miss Pinneo won the twenty-mile race at
the Jockey Club Park last Thursday, after
an exciting and well contested trial, beating
Miss Jewett by a nose. Time 58 min., 12
sec., which was a good record considering
the conditions. Fanny Louise Buckingham
has challenged both ladies to ride a race
against her and they have accepted, for
$1,000 each side.
The mile heat race for all ages was won
in Baltimore Oct. 20th, by Eld win A. taking
the 2nd and 3d heats. Rosedale won the
1st heat. Boardman was 3rd in the first heat
and distanced in the second. Time, 1:46,
1:46, 1:53. The handicap steeple chase,
about 2 miles, was won by Bertha, Lizzie
D. 2d, Disturbance 33. Time 5.39.
The values of exports of domestic provi
sions and tallow cr'h ! Jne, months
ending Septe ,¶ ;.i''a :. 51.0Q3,72?,,539.
Five womn -e e i:rned 'o :o th at Cin;h
cinnati on tjt mthe I:urning of a.
shoddy fory., .
The ci.i figures give the total vote on
Goveir 1 Porter at 230,261 ; Landers, 222,
740; ,Gregg, 14,863. ,1orter's plurality,
The Chicago limes is after Barnum for
gross mismanagement of the Democratic
Dispatches dated on the 23d inst., from va
rious parts of the province of Ontario, report
very rough weather with sno , doing gr t
damage to fruit and oth.tree
WASIlNGTON, Octobei 23.--Alpon ;the te :
ceipt to-day from the Whr Deprttm4~ t o.
copy of Major Fletcher's d5 atcl 'of
20th, relatives tO Berryt a.st', the actic.
Secretary of the Interior, Beg; telegraphedj
the Oovernor of ColorE o as 'Aollos: This
department- is to day advisa 'through the
war department that Berry had' been arrested4
by the U. S. Marshal aid had leftf the.
Agency in chirge of that officer Ithethe "
State polte ps, been or4ered to .go to
the agency to nike the arrest, plIase recall
the sameahd tius avoid any possibilty of a
conflict Wibh the' Idaians. i "
DENviwR, Otber 23.--The Reh1t n's:l
Gunnison .I.City. special says:: A. cc ier.
from CebolbHa, flteen miles below liere% re
ports a large numiber of Indians in that gec
tion running off:horses. It is alir~ipdrted
that 58 horses belonging to Mr. Harltman,
the Gunnison p6stmaster, has been run off.
A private leter frm ~psatmaster Hotchkins
of Powderhorn states that an Indian out
break is inevitable.:: The authorities have
asked Governor.tkio tio sd 1150 st::a~tind of
arms and 10,000 rod8ndsif amunition at once.
Reliable 'reportsar tithe ·effect that "BlerT'
is in Denver, and SheriffYule sent ais depPf:
The :articles of convention which Siza
Pisha has instructed Mr.. Pask, Commioner
at Vjeka, to purpose in':regwd to thfe srren
der of Dulcigno, are as follows: Montenegro
to assume that portioaof 7the Turish debt'
corresponding to. :the c:eded territory; ti'
maiitenaniceof the 'Trkirsh laws; for ,the.
maintenance of the Turkish flag on board. of
trading vessels bejongin'g to D-lcig n
trigue sGe-. Meikowllt t
Irelan, i othe ;i $uly 40,00
ing. fle coneth d 4h) ,dispat