Newspaper Page Text
TITHE RIVER PRESS,
Vol1, Fs o.rt Benton, Montana, Wednesday, NIovember 3, 1.880. No 2
WILLIAMS, WRIGHT & STEVENS,
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Rates for Transient Advertisements given at office.
FE sr PAGE-Telegraphic-Election News-Riot in
Dcn ver--Irish 'Ironules--Notes of News-Meagher
County Finanees--Choteau County Finances.
Secoxi) PA;E-The Marriage Relations-The Maha
rajah of Deypore--Barbed Wire Fence.
Titnar. PAGE-Fashion and Folly-Badly Mashed.
Miy Lord of Steyne-Fashion at Biarittz-Progress
of I.e Wari Between Chilli and Peru.
ForietH PaE. oE-Thanksgiving Proclamation-Edito
riai N)ote--Tnhe Bark er Mines-Tailings-Commun
F'r. . '.' .aE--Territorial Election iReturns-Mon
SixTIr PAuE-A Flouring Mill-The Frozen Smile
''iTh Northern Pacific-Still Had His Reasoning
I'owers-P 'rso!ial and Impersonal-SunRiver,Letter.
SE:vEra PAOE--Life's Tide-Quien Sabe--Heroic
Cooductot a Sailor-Origin of Merino Sheep-A
Ileal Ihero-The Earth Not a Regular Solid--Foat
Fui-nrur PA.E-Church services-In Town and Out
1'urely Personal-Terrible Accident-Coroners' In
cquest--Our Card Basket-Political Meeting-Mon
tana Sheep Drive-A New Lawyer-Current Com
BOFFI'.1(LL DIRECUTORY OF MONTANA.
DELEGATE IN CONGRESS.
Hon. MARTIN MAGINN1S, Helena.
Office. Name. Residence.
G vernor........ BENJ. F. POTTS...........Helena.
S-crctary........... JAS. H. MILLS......Deer Lodge.
Chief Justice.. ..D. S. WADE............. .Helena.
J E. J. CONGER,.....Virginia City
Associate Justices JW. J. GALBRAITH, Deer Lodge
U. S. District Attorney, J. L. DRYDEN....... Helena
U. S.arshal, ALEX. C. BOTKIN............
Surveyor General..R. H. MASON.........Helena.
Register Land Office, JAS. H. MOE.......... "
Receiver Land Office, F. P. STERLING...... "
Collector Internal Revenue, T. P. FULLER... "
Collector Customs. T. A. CUMMINGS....... Benton.
DrSTRICT ATTORNEYS AND CLERKS.
First District, R. P. VIVION.... .......... Bozeman
Second District, ALEX. H. MIAYHEW.... Deer Lodge.
Third District. J. A. JOHNSTON ............. Helena.
Clerk 1st Dist. Court, THEO. MUFFLY.Virginia City.
QUtr.c 'd dirt. co'rt, GEO. W. IRVINE, 2d, Deer Lodge
Clerk 3l Dist. Court, ALEX. H. BEATTIE.... Helena.
UNITED STATES ASSAY OFFICE.
A ssayer, RUSSEL B. HARRISON ............. Helena
Melter, M. A. MEYENDORFF............... Helena.
Auditor, JOSEPH P. WOOLMAN.............Helena.
Treasurer. ID. H. WESTON ...................Helena.
Warden of Penitentiary. W. W. BOTKIN, Deer Lodge
Sup't Public Schools, W. EGBERT SMITH.... Butte.
Supreme Court Reporter, C. HEDGES... ....Helena.
Clerk Supreme Court, ISAAC R. ALDEN......Helens..
UNITED STATES EXAMINING SURGEON.
W. R. BULLARD...... .... ........... elena
TERRITO RIAL COURTS.
Territ6ry of Montana, SS.--The undersigned, Jus
tices of the Supreme Court of Montna Territory,
being assembled at the seat of government for said
Territor , hereby make the following order in rela
tion to the times and places for holding the District
Courts of said Territory, and order the same of record:
FIRST DISTRICT-E. J. CONGER, Judge.
At VIRGINIA CITY, in Madison county, the second
Monday of November, and the third Monday of March.
At RADERSBURG, in Jefferson county, first Monday
of September, and the third Tuesday of February.
At BOZEMAN, in Gallatin county, the third Monday
of October, and the third Monday of April.
At MILES CITY, in Custer county, the fourth Mon
day of September, and the fourth Monday of May.
SECOND DISTRICT-W. J. GALBRAITH, Judge.
In Deer Lodge county, at DEER LODGE CITY, second
Monday in April; first Monday in September; first
Monday in December.
In Missoula county, at MISSOULA, fourth Monday in
June; second Monday in November.
In Beaverheal county, at BANNACK, first Monday in
June; second Monday in October.
TIIRD DISTRICT- D. S. WADE, Judge.
At HELENA, in Lewis and Clarke County, first Mon
day in March, and the fifth Monday in November.
At DIAMOND CITY, in Meagher county, the third
Monday in April, and the third Monday in October.
At FORT BENTON, in Choteau county, the first Mon
day in May, and the third Monday in September.
DECIUS S. WADE, Chief Justice.
E. J. CO NGER, Associate Justice.
Attest:-I. R. ALDEN, Clerk.
J, A. KANOUSE,
Attorney and Counselor at Law,
FORT BENTON, - - MONTANA.
NOTA RY PUBLIC and JUSTICE OF THIE PEA CE.
Main St., bet. Baker and St. John.
JOHN W. TATTAN,
ATTORNEY and COUNSELOR AT LAW
Cor. Main and Arnoax Streets,
FORT BENTON, - - - MONTANA.
The following is the Meteorological Record for the
month of October, reported expressly for the lRIVER
OPFICE OF OBSERVATION, SIGNAL SERVICE U. . A.)
Fort Benton, Montana, November 1, 1880.j
Mean Temperature ....................... " .46.2
Mean Humidity ........ ..................... 6
Highest Barometer-on the 21st.............27,616
Lowest Barometer-on the 8th.............. 26.731
Highest Temperature-on the 5th................81
Lowest Temperature-on the 11th ................19
Greatest Daily Range of Temperature-Sth.......48
Lowest Daily Range or Temperatursa-l7th .......a
Mean of Maximum Temperatures................2. I6
Mean of Minimum Temperatures......;....... 34.1
Total Rainfall........................ 1.07 inches.
Prevailing Wind..... .......................N. W. W
Total Movement of Wind............... 5,890 miles.
Maximum Velocity and Direction--14th..86 m. per hr.
Number of Ciear ays........................... 16
Number of Fair Days ...."................... ; 4
Number of Cloundy Days ..........................6
Number of daysou whioh Rainfell or Snow.,...: .9
No'E.--Barometer corrected for tem.periture aid
instrumental error. A. H. BELLOliseryer, r
[Reported Specially to the River Prcess.J
Garfield Carries the North With
the Exception of New Jersey,
New York Rolls Up 50,000 Ma
Her October Record,
Maginnis Elected by About 500 Majority
Sanders Makes a Splendid Record,
Terrible Riot in Denver, Colorado-China
The Democratic estimate of the Delegate
vote is as follows:
Majority of Maginnis in Custer County,
350; Missoula County, 250; Beaverhead
County, 150; Jefferson County, 150;
Meagher County, 100.
Sanders majorities were, in Deer Lodge,
50; in Lewis & Clarke, 70 ; in Gallatin, 50;
In Madison, 25.
Lewis & Clark.
Helena, Sanders 716 ; laginnis, 522.
Unionville, Sanders 19 ; Maginnis, 15.
Park City, Sanders 19 ; Maginnis, 20.
Nelson Precinct, Sanders 30 ; Maginnis 29.
Greenhorn, Sanders 22 ; Maginnis 3.
New Mission, sanders 9; Maginnis 22.
Silver City, Sanders 28 ; Maginnis 29.
Valley, Sanders 29 ; Maginnis 28.
Spokane-Belmont, Sanders 64; Maginnis,
Whipporwill, Sanders 6 ; Maginnis 27.
Silver Creek, Sanders 28 ; Maginnis 23.
The Republicans of Lewis & Clark county
elect the Sheriff, Paobate Judge and a ma
jority of the legislative ticket.
Specials state that Sanders will carry Gal
latin County by from thirty to forty majority
and Deer Lodge county by about one hund
Maginnis carries Custer, Missoula, Beaver
head, Meagher and Jefferson counties by
large majorities. Sanders carries Lewis &
Clark by about one hundred majority.
Eastern dispatches say that Garfield car
ried New York by from twenty to thirty
BISMARCK, Nov. 4-New Yo k 50,000,
Pennsylvania, 60,000, Iowa 75,000, New
Hampshire 8,000, Minnesota 25,000; Ver
The Electoral College.
NEW YORK, Nov. 3.-The Herald gives the
Republicans 202 electoral votes, certain, and
a working majority in both houses of Con
NEW YORK, Nov. 2-11 a. m. - Returns
from various States indicate that Garfield and
Arthur are elected beyond a doubt. The
Republicans gain in every Northern State ex
cept New Jersey, from which as yet the re
turns are very incomplete. Dispatches re
ceived at the headquarters of the National
Republican committee claim New Jersey for
Ahead of His Ticket.
CHICAGO, Nov. 3.-So far as learned, the
Republicans have gained about nineteen Con
gressmen in the country. It is noticeable in
most of the returns that Garfield has run
ahead of his ticket.
RIOT IN DENVER.
The MIob Take Possession of the Town-Chi
DENVER, October 31.--Denver has been in
the hands of a mob for eight hours and
there are now fully 1,500 rioters in the
streets. The trouble has been growing for
days. It was discovered a week ago that
there were full 8,000 illegal names registered
in this city, and immediately afterwards the
streets were, filled with strangers of the
worst character. Even since the publication
of the forged Garfield letter violent partisans
have striven to make an issue of the Chinese
question, and the Democratic press has been
filled with articles asserting that as soon as
Garfield was elected the State would be flood
ed with Chinese and all white labor driven
out. Saturday night the Democrats had a
procession, carrying transparancies with in
scriptions and cartoons tending to excite ani.
mosities against the Chinese. A considerable
portion became intoxicated and remained
out all night. This noon they made an as
sault and attack on Chinese houses, tearing
them down and beating and driving out the
Chinese. One Chinaman was dragged from
from flop Lee's place with a rope about his
neck and his skull crushed in with boots and.
bricks. The police were called out, but:
were unable to control the mob. The fire
department was ordered to throw water on
the rioters, but the mob attacked them andd]
badly wounded two firemen. Many of the
Chinamen were fearfully beaten. One was
rescued by the police and taken to jail,
which was immediately surrounded by a mob
of about 1,000, who hurrahed for Hancock
and yelled, "Lynch the leper! " Special
policemen managed to keep back the crowd.
The other mob remained intact in the lower
part of the city. About dark they were en
tirely beyond control and marched from
street to street gutting China houses where
ever they saw them.
Many colored men were knocked down
and beaten. At this hour the rioters a re stil
on the streets in full force. Special police
have been sworn in to the number of 300.
There is a great deal of incendiarism to-night
and the fire department has been called on to
be ready at the slightest warning. The re
ports of pistols are heard all over town, and
the militia will be called out. Threats have
been freely made that the Tribune office
would be sacked, but, though the mob has
been howling across the streets from it, no
attack has been made as yet. The citizens
irrespective of party, are intensely indignant.
All the saloons are closed, with orders to re
main so until after the election. The rioters
gutted every China house in town, with two
or three exceptions. One Chinaman was
hung over his front door and several badly
beaten and wounded with stones and other
missiles. In nearly every instance the police
men rescued the Chinamen through the back
doors, while the mob were forcing the front
doors open. Four or five of the rioters were
were slightly wounded- one seriously being
shot in the right side.
NEW YORk, October 31.-The World's
London special says: The greatest anxiety
is felt in all quarters over the issue of the
two political events which will occur in
Ireland to-morrow and Monday. Should it
pass off without serious violence, it will be
more than the government has reason to
expect in the present temper of the people.
To-morrow afternoon there will be an im
mense agrarian demonstration at Bantry
in the connty of Cork, and on Monday there
will be another one in the same town, when
Healy and Walsh, Land Leaguers, who were
arrested at the instance of the Attorney Gen
eral, on the charge of intimidating a farmer
named Mannering, will be granted a prelimi
nary hearing by the magistrate. This meet
ing is only a prelude to the trial. The par
ticipants in the meeting will rtmain until the
legal proceediugs have termilated; conse
quently the quiet town of Bantry will be the
scene of much dangerous excitement for
Most of the prominent men of the
of the land league will address the meeting,
which is very properly looked upon as likely
to be the turning point in the present agita
tion. A formidable concentration of the peo
ple is openly conducted in the neighborhood
of Bantry, and the government is just as
openly concentrating the constabulary at
that point. Should these two forces clash to
morrow or during the examination of Walsh
and Healy, the result would probably be an
instant uprising of the people from Con
naught to Cork.
A cable to the World says: The an
nouncement that the Earl of Bessborough
has joined the Land League is the important
news of the day in matters pertaining to
Ireland. Great importance is attached' by
all parties to this important alliance, as the
Earl of Bessborough is not only a very large
land holder in Ireland, possessing nearly
35,000 acres in the counties of Killarney,
Carlow, Tipperary and Waterford, which
yield him a rental of more than 20,000
pounds sterling a year, but is a brother-in-law
to the duke of Richmond, and of Gordon,
lord president of the council in the Beacons
field government, and has himself twice held
high office in Her Majesty's household.
Taken in connection with the blundering of
the government in the proceeding so far un
dertaken against the Land League, it prefig
ures the formation of a counter current of
opinion in Ireland among the property hold
ing classes, which may relieve the Land
League movement of the country and sur
vive the character sought to be impressed
upon it by the agents of the government.
NOTES OF NEWS,
John C. New has made a heavy wager
that Hancock will not get 138 electoral votes.
All pedestrians who entered for the Astley
belt are in a splendid condition, and it is ex
pected that more than one will cover the 600
The regristration in New Orleans is 30,199.
It has incresed only 543 tince the 23rd, in
cluding over 200 colored voters, registered
A Port Townsend dispatch says the revenue
cutter Walcott has seized the English sloop
Alert for cruising in> American waters with
General Hancock said toa number of veter
ans who -called on himi that hel wanted no
coerced votes cast for him, and deprecated
the influence of employes by their employers.
The pork packers of Chicagoifr the year
ending last night, 'was 5,300,000. It is
ciphered out that this would make an un
broken line of hogs from Portland Maine, to
Deputy Sheriff George Heber was shot and
inrtantly killed by Sylvester Merritt at Sturgis
City near Deadwood D. T. on the 57th ult.
Heber was the aggressive party and the
killing was in self defence.
Thursday November 25th, is designated by
the President as a day of national thanksgiv
ing. The President and party will seperate
at Kansas City. The President goes to Ohio,
Secetary Ramsey to St Paul to vote, and Gen.
Sherman to St Louis.
Couriers who hive just arrived from 'jo
Caliente, Mexico, 120 miles south of Fort
Quitman state that a daylight on the 28th ult,
a band of thirty Apaches attacked a picket
of twelve men of the Ninth Cavalry, killing
two. A company of soldiers has been sent
from Quitman in pursuit.
Captain Huggins brought into Ft. Keogh
on the 30th ult., Rain in the Face and 550
hostiles. Sitting Bull sent word to General
Miles to hold for twelve days his tongue, as
he was negotiating through Major Walsh
with the Canadians, to be taken on exhibiton
through the States and Canada.
The Chicago Tribune recapitulates the
results of the great storm on the lakes on
October 16th: Over half a million dollars
worth of damage was done to vesseis and
cargoes; 93 persons perished ; 17 vessals
were totally wrecked, involving a loss of
$133,000,and 66 vessel were damaged.
A large majority of the Chicago board of
trade, including many who in 1876 voted for
Tilden, have signed a circular petition for the
buisness men to vote for Garfield, stating
that Republican success would continue the
present prosperity,and that Democratic suc
cess would upset values and imperil business
The police on the evening of the 29th ult.
arrested, at Minneapolis, Minnesota, a
young woman who has been masquerading
in male attire as the nephew of August Bel
mont of New York, for 18 months studying
medicine and making engagements to marry.
She got free board for a year out of
a prospective mother-in-law.
Small bands of Indians are reported scour
ing the country around there, endeavor
ing to create an outbreak, and declare
their intention of liberating Cline, who is
at Gunnison City under arrest implica
ted with having turned Jackson over to the
Indians. Three companies of militia have
been formed under command of Capt. Beau,
and the city placed under their control.
A Portland dispatch says that Lieutenant
Simons has just returned with a company of
the 21st infantry from Skagit river, where he
went to settle the trouble with the Indians
who had driven the United States surveyors
from their field work. fle found about 150
warriors, well armed and provided. They
claimed that they had never traded the lands
being surveyed to the whites, and could not
give them up without some equivalent. The
matter was finelly amicably arranged so as to
allow the surveyors to go up the Skagit river
as far as Sauk river.
Gen Garibaldi is seriously ill.
The British Government has called out
3,000 more Coloinal troops.
The government has decided to increas e
the Irish constabulary by 2,C00 men.
Magistrate Hope and his two clerks were
murdered while witnessing a war dance at
It is reported in minesterial circles of
Vienna that the commander of the Turkish
forces in Albania has been dismissed.
Seven hours of continuous rain fell in the
city of Regio Dicalabria, Italy. Seventeen
persons were killed in two neighboring vil
lages, their cottages being swept away.
John Bright has written to a gentleman
in Waterford hoping that among the many
plans now proposed, something may be
found that will lead to a great and perma
nent amendment of the Irish land system
unless the agitation creats a temper of things
which will make the amendment impossible.
A few days ago the Socialists determined to
evacute Hamburg snd discontine their con
siderable printing arrangments there. Dur
ing the last few days the Berlin police have
seized several thousand revolutionary pam
phlets including copies of the Zu rich Social
,Democrat and Lcndon Freiheir.
Meagaer County Finances.
We have the following statement of the
indebtedness, rate of taxation, and amount of
taxable property in Meagher county since
1876, from the books of the county treas
Taxab]e property in 1876.... ............. 8 657,598
Debtin 1876. .. . ....... . 81,41
Taxable property in 1877..... 726,081
Debt in 1877...... 34,49
Taxation in 1877..; . 22 m
'arable property in 1878 ...`....... 867,999
btin 188.... . . :* .... 33,407
"axable property in 1879 1,187,98
Taxation 9......... . .,. 16m
Taxable property in 1880 ........... ....... 1,660,000
Debt, March 1 ........................... 26,326
Taxation ................................... 14 m
To the indebtedness stated above a~Ji the
expenses of this year, which we are credibly
informed do not exceed $1,000, making the
total debt $27,326. The county portion of
revenue of 1880 (6 mills on the dollar)
amounts to $9,960, which, when collected
and paid out will reduce our indebtedness to
$17,366. Estimating our increase of taxable
property this year at one million dollars,
which is not at all an extravagant estimate,
since we can, within our own knowledge,
count $600,000 worth of sheep and cattle that
have been driven into the country within the
past three months, our county revenue, at the
same rate of taxation, next year will be
$16,000. Add to this the usual amount of
transfer from the "poor fund," and our
county, by the first day of December, 1881,
will have canceled its entire debt, and have a
few thousands in the treasury for contin
Chotean Counlty Flna.ces.
To the River Press.
You stated last week that the present in
debtedness of this county was $43,000. The
Record, in reply to that, asserts that you have
overestimated the debt by more than one-half,
and then says: "To-day'the indebtedness is
$24,603.85, and before the next annual report
of the commissioners the present indebtedness
will be decreased by from $5,000 to $10,000,
leaving Choteau's debt somewhere between
$15,000 and $50,000." In a sneering manner
they advise you to consult the county records
and acquaint yourselves with existing facts,
which would impute that the RIVER PRESS
had, upon its advent to the people of this
county, recklessly, and for some ulterior mo
tive, misstated the amount of the indebted
ness of their county. Now, I propose to
show, in this article, good and sufficient data
for your statement, and to show further that
the editors of the Record have pr oved them
selves in county finances, as they have proved
themselves to be in respectable journalism,
an imposition. On the first day of March,
1879, the indebtedness of this county was
$8,677.78. This amount was increased in
eleven months $15,926.07, which made the
indebtedness upon the thirty-first day of Jan
uary, 1880, $24,603.85. From the seven
teenth day of March, 1880, to the thirty-first
day of January, 1880-say ten months-the
fees of officials alone amounted to $13,493.23,
which would be a monthly average of $1,
349 32. Now, I have seen nothing that
would prove that the fees of officials for the
past nine months, from the first of January
to the first day of November, have been
more than they were for the time above men
tioned, nor do I think that they can be
much less; and, therefore, figure the fees at
that monthly average, which would make the
indebtedness $36,747.73. For the eleven
months preceding March, 1880, the total ex
penditure of the county, as shown by the
records, amounted to $29,432 07 ; but from
this deduct the fees of officials, in order
to arrive at the expenses proper of the coun
ty, which we find to be. $15,938.79. It is
claimed, however, that these expenses, ow
ing to the peculiar necessities that had arisen,
were much greater than the expenses proper
of the county have been for the past nine
months. Admit this, and grant that they
were double, and then the indebtedness would
be $43,777.12. To this add the item of $7,
000, warrants sold a few weeks ago, as pub
lished by the Record, and it is plain to be
seen that the present indebtedness of Cho
teau county is $51,777.12, or about eight
thousand dollars more than asserted. Con
ceding that I may have placed the fees of
officials at an amount greater than they are,
reduce them $8,000, and it leaves the debt. to
day what you stated it to be, in round num.
bers, $43,000. It is claimed that before the
next annual statement of the commissioners
this amount will be decreased by from five
thousand to ten thousand dollars. Admit
that it will be reduced ten thousand dollars,
aye, more, cancel the expenses and official
fees from the first day of this month until
the date of next official statement of expend
itures and indebtedness, and, should my data
prove correct, the debt will then be $20,000
more than the Record is pleased to admit.
It is true that there is a possibility that
there may be a slight variance between these
figures and those of the county records. If
there is, it must be a trifling amount, more or
less; but until there is published, under hand
and seal of the proper officials, an official
statement of the indebtedness, I shall main
tain with perfect confidence the correctness
of the same, If theiRecord had, instead of
supercilliously referring you to the county
records, itself compiled a statement there
from, it might be inferred that their assertion
of the amount of indebtedness was atleast
intended to be truthful, although it were
false in :fact. Very respe"tfuly,
t~ermed "tenderf:eet," in the full Democratic
ftcceptation of the word& w
Dpn't forget that you can find Cophref