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PUBLISHEIIS AND PROPRIETORS.
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lates for Transient Advertisements given at office.
.p'uwr. PAn.cE-Telegrarhtic News and Notes-Another
Iyolooaust--The Fight on the Musselshell.
R:CoND) P'AGE--lersonal and Impersonal-This Was
Casli-Mininu -Assinaboin Letter.
irtOl:l) PAGE-Shipvrecke1-The Blondes Must Go
Hlow Sir William Napier Kept his word-Betrayed
be the Truth--Is Wife was Ahead-A Railroad
Across the Sahalra-Fashion, Flippery and Folly
A Tough Yarn.
Fot'·rT I PAGE-Proclamations-Editorial Notes
t oloen Mauufactire-Thank-giving-Soldiers, in
Fort Benton -Tailings--Notice to Miners-Decision
on Mining Claims-Sun River Letter.
FIPTIr PAGE--Montana Mlites-Notice-Card-Our
SIXTH PA Q(E-UInh appy Ireland-Treatirent of Epi
zootic--Popular Education in Europe-Qnien Sabe.
Sr.EVNTH PACE-TIhe Chicago Times on the Democra
ic Party-Fog Sp)ectres-Mar iage ii lbania-Gam
bctta-Natu ralized Citizens in Germany-Pioating
Eritml r PAGE--Society Notes and Churche--In Town
and Out-Sun River Locals-Purely Personal-A
Print-r s Suicide-What Shall We Eat-A Kicking
OFFICIAL DILEI'TOILY OF iONTANA.
DELEGATE IN CONGRESS.
HIon. MARTIN MAGINNIS, Helena,.
i l ice. Name. Residence.
(4 wernor .......... BENJ. F. POTTS,.......... Helena.
secrctarv .........JA. . II. MILLS......Deer Lodge.
Chief Justice.. ..D. S. WADE......... .Helena.
SuE. J. CONGER .... Virgima City
\Aksciate Justices \'W. J. GALBRAITH, Deer Lodge
U. S. District Attorney, J. L. DRYDEN....... Helena
U. S. Marshal, ALEX. C. BOTKIN ............
Surveyor General..R. H. MASON ..........Helena.
:'egister Land Office, JAS. H. MOE........ "
Receiver Land Office, F. P. STERLING...... "
Collector Int.:rnal Revenue, T. P. FULLER... "
Collector Customs, T. A. CUMMINGS....... Benton.
DrSTRICT ATTORNEYS AND CLERKa,
Firt Di>trict, R. P. VIVION.............ozeman
Secoond D)istrict, ALEX. H. MAYH1EW....Deer Lodge.
Third District, J. A. JOHNSTON............ Helena.
Clierk lt D)i-t. Court, THEO. MUFF'LY.Virginia City.
Clerk 2d dist. co'rt, GEO. W. IRVINE, 2d, Deer Lodge
Clerk 3(d Dist. Court, ALEX. II. BEATTIE.... Helena.
IT?1TED STATES ASSAY OFFPPICE.
A:.s.sver. RI:SSEL B. HARRI2dON .........Helena
Milter, `.. A. MEYENDORFF .............. Helena.
Audit or, JOSEPHI P. WOOLMAN............. Helena.
''rea'nurt. ). H. f WIESTON..................Helena:
"ard~l d Penitentiary, W. W. HOT. IN Deer Lodge
;:p 't Pabiic Schools, W. EGBERT SMIHII.....Butte.
Supreme Court Reporter, C. HEDGES... ....Helena.
Clerk ;Supreme Court, ISAAC R. ALDEN...... Helena.
UNITED STATES EXAMINING SURGEON.
W.;. H. T;ULLAB....... .. ....... .... ...... Helena
BOZEMANý LAND DISTRICT.
Iezismter, I)DAVIS WIL LSON...............Bozeman.
lIceivecr, J. V. BOGERT. ................. ..Bozeman.
Te;.itori of Miontana, SS.-:-The undersigned, Jus
tice-' if tile Supreme Court of Montana Territory,
being assemble t at the seat of government for said
Territor', htreby make the following order in rela
tion to the times and places for holding the District
('ourns o said Territory, and order the same of record:
FIRST IDISTRICT-E. J. CoNcEn, Judge.
At V\inoisA CrITY, in Madison comunty, the second
,ond,.y of November, and the third Monday of March.
At ItnAmntssuno, in Jefferson county, first Monday
ol Septembm.r, and tihe third Tuesday of February.
At l3ozE.na, in Gailatin county, the third Monday
of October, and the third Monday of April.
At MILE.s CITY, in Custer county, the fourth Non
day of September, and the fourth Monday of May.
SECOND I)ISTRICT-W. J. GA..BRAIT, Judge.
In Der Lodge county, at DEERl I.ODGE CITY, Fecond
Monday in April; first Monday in September; first
l,)Mndav in Decenlber.
In Missoula county, at MissoIJLA, fourth Monday in
June; second Monday in November.
In Beaverhea4i county, at BANNAcK, first Monday in
,Junie; second Monday in October.
THIRD DISTRICT--D. S. WADE, Judge.
At II.LENA, in Lewis and Clarke County, first Mon
day in March, and the fifth Monday in November.
At DUIAMoND CITY, in Meagher county, the third
Monday in April, and the third Monday in October.
At Fo(RT BENTON, in Choteau county, the lirst Mon
day in May, and the third Mon(lay in September.
DIECIUS S. WADE, Chief Justice.
E. J. COiNGER, Associate Justice.
Attest :-I. R. ALDEN, Clerk.
Front Street, Fort Benton.
- :TIE: -
[inest Tonsorial Parlors
IN TiE NORTHWtfiEST.,
81YITl & 8PALDII,
cittren. of Benton that-they htave roeeu'ty bouight out
Mr. Wmin. Foster, ad assure the public a continnation
of the uniform skill and courteous attention which
is familiar to the habitnes of the place.
Hot and cOtd Baths.
T. E. COLLINS, L. H. HERSHFIELD,
CHAS. E. DUER, A. HERsHFIELD,
Fort Benton. Helena.
Transact a General Banking
Keep current accounts with merchants, stock men
and others, subject to be drawn against: by
checks without notice.
PAY iNTEREST on TIME DEPOSITS
We buy and sell Exchange on the commercial centers
of the United States.
WE WILL GIVE SPECIAL ATTENTION TO TIHE
BUSINESS OF NORTHERN AND CENTRAL
And will make such loans to stock men and farmers
as are suited to their requirements.
Local Securities a Specialty.
Collections and all other business entrusted to us will
receive prompt and careful attention.
COLLINS, DUER & CO.
RECORD BUILDING. FORT BENTON, M. T.
JOHN W. DEWEY,
FT. BENT'ON, - IMONTANA.
H. P. ROLFE,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
(Associated with Sanders &: Cullen.)
Attends to Collections, Insurance, Surveys and Public
OFFICE, NEAR WETZEL'S,
FRIONT STREET, FORT BENTON.
JOHN W. TATTAN,
ATTORNEY ani COUNSELOR AT LAW
Cor. Main and Arnoux Streets,
FORT BENTON, - - - MONTANA.
J, A, KANOUSE,
Attorney and Counselor at Law,
FORT BENTON, - - MONTANA.
NOTARY PUBLIC and J;USTICE OF THE PEA CE.
Main St., bet. B'iker and St. John.
FRED. H, ANDERSON,
POST OFFiCE BUILDINTG,
IIELENA, - - IONTANA.
Dealer in Books, Stationery, Fancy Goods and Notions,
Tobacco, Imported Cigars and Pipes.
Subseriptions taken for all leadcing Periodicals
AT PUBL[SgEItS' RATEAN.
CULBEWTSON & MIILLS,
NEW AND'CI COFORTABLE ROOMI.
With or without fire. The house has been recently
enlarged and new sleeping rooms added. Board
by the day or week. Special rates given
Passengers on Coaebes wishing to Stop
at this House will please Inforap
C. M. LANNING,
Watches .lock .Jewel.
Fort Benton, Miontana.
General Repairer of Watches, Clocks, G(un, Pistols,
Sew gi chines, Etc. All kinds of work done
in p workmanlike manner.
ORDERS BY MAIL PROMP TLY ATfh1lDRTO.
[Reported Specially to the River Press.]
Queen Victoria sends a Present to the Pres
ident of the United States,
Another Yarnr about Garfield.
Terrible Scones at the Burning of an Insane
News in General,
CHICAGO, November 23.~The Inter- Ocean
special says the suggestion is delicately given
out at Washington. that itmiggt be well for
the government to get rid of Alaska by leas
ing it to a commercial company.
NEW YORK, November 23.-The Herald
reporter had a conversation with officer Con
rad, of West Point Academy, as to the effect
of the petitions in circulation requesting the
President to restore Cadet Whittaker to his
former place and allow him to graduate. The
officer said: "While theiPresident can send
a cadet back to West Point as often as he
pleases, he can't graduate him. No member
of the present board could sign Whittaker's
diploma. He has failed, after repeated at
tempts, to pass the examination.
A Royal Present.
WASHINGTON, November 23.-A large box,
received and unpacked- at the White House
to-day, was found to contain a massive desk
and writing table, a present from Queen Vic
toria to the President of the United States.
It is made of live oak, weighing 1,300
pounds, is elaborately carved, and altogether
presents a magnificent specimen of work
manship. It is made :from timbers of the
Arctic exploring ship, Resolute, and the in
scription concludes: "Presented by the
Queen of Great Britain and Ireland to the
President of the United States, as a memorial
of the courtesy and loving kindness which
dictated the offer of the gift of the Resolute."
General Miles Appointed Chief of the Signal
NEW~YoRK, Nov. 19.-The Times and
World Washington specials announce the ap
pointiment of General Miles as Chief Signal
ot ri his lineal ran;r He stiflids number/,
seven on the lists of CoIonels of Infantry, be
ing two numbers below Hazen, who was one
of his competitors for the appointment to the
vacant brigadier-generalship. General Miles
would prefer active service to the duties of a
signal officer, but theincreased rank to which
the appointment to that service gives, in
duced him to seek promotion to the vacancy.
If one should occur among the six Brigadier
Generals of the general service, it is believed
that General Miles will ask to be releived
from the signal office and assigned to the
vacancy. Liet. Col. McCook, now serving
on General Sherman's staff, will succeed Col.
Miles as Colonel of the Fifth Infantry.
Denied as Absurd.
NEW YORK, November 22.'-The Tines
Cleveland special ..says, speaking to-day
of thenewspaper talh about the so-called
Conkling treaty, one of Garfield's secretaries
says that the story surpassed, if possible, the
Morey letter in stupidity. The idea that a
nominee for the Presidency of Garfield's sa
gacity and political experience would sign
such a paper, placing his official life in the
hands of another, is too absurd for notice,
moreover, during the hour that the Grant
party stayed here Garfield only saw them in
the presence of a crowd of people.
NEW YORK, November 23.-Garfield told
a Herald reporter at Cleveland : "I expect
to remain at Washington for a week or ten
days, returning directly to Mentor. When I
left the capital last June, my house at Wash
ington needed overhauling, and it must be in
a bad coridition. My visit has no political
SThe Irish Ulcer.
NEW YORK, NOV. 19.--The lWorld's Lon
don special says: Alarming' niews comes
from Ireland to the effect that several fla
grant attempts have recently been made to
tamper with the loyalty of the; soldiers sta
tioned there, and that money :has been offered
them by Fenian agents, who have also prom
ised thein lihli coRmmandl hii theIrish natidn
al a my. Ti aoldiers, aniveltheliss, aseemito
have remnjned Joya, and, the pqlice ae on
be liable to viry severe puilishment
New York special says: The news from Ir
land continues to be alarming. The condi-l
tion of that unhapp land instead of improv
nibg seem oao grow sworst every dany. It oi
now feared on all sides that there is only too
antry thioughout the country are arming and
only waiting for a favorably opportunity to
'ing rumors are continually pouringi in from
all parts of Ireland. A dispatch from
Coughwell states that a' box containing six
rifles belonging to a -merchant of Loughres
which arrived from,Limerick, was robbed on
Tuesday night. On the same night, accord
ing to a dispatch from Teralo, a party of men
with blacked faces, and long beards visited
the houses at Cardel, near Castle Island, and
took guns wherever they .found them.
One Brussels correspondent telegraphs as
follows: "I have reason to place implicit,
faith in the statement which reached here a
few days ago, that some steamers took on
board at two or three Italian pors 8,000( Wet
teal rifles some 2,000 .or 3,000 of them, being
magazine rifles, and they are said to have
been shipped for Greece, but really. intended
for Ireland and were purchased iin "Switzer
land by some Irishmen who had come from
the United States.
The Panama Canal.
PARIs, Nov, 17-The capital of the Pana
ma Canal Company will be.300,000,000 francs
divided into 600,000 shares of 500 francs
each, 10,000 reserved by statute for the civil
company of original concessionees. for the
concession made by that company. 590,000
shares remain for public subscription, 100 on
allotment, and the rest as required. The to
tal cost is estimated at 600,000,000 francs.
The sum necessary for completing the canal,
over and above the capital, will be raised by
the issue of obligations. Five per centum
:interest is to be paid .on shares during the
execution of the work. Of the net profits,
80, per cent. is allotted to share holders by
the term of the concession. De Lesseps
states that the contractors have sent in their
estimate, according to which the construction
of the canal will not cost 500,000,000 francs,
and that it has been provided by memoran
dum, signed July 7, that a special American
commission sitting in New York shall repre
sent the interests of the company in the
United States, as to all that relates to. the ob
servance of the neutrality of the canal and
settled by the law of concession of the Re
public of Columbia.
-- - .qi Q~ D.-. ,.m.--------
NOTES OF NEWS,
The Eureka Consolidated declares a divi
dend of 50 cents.
The negro exodus from Louisiana and Ala
bama continues unabated.
A fire at Newport, Ark., destroyed two
thirds of the town. Loss $200,000.
The State department learns 'tiat a -treaty
on the subject of immigration has been con
cluded between the United States Commis
sioner and the government of China.
Sitka advices, via Port Townsend, state
that the town was visited by a severe cyclone
and heavy shock of earthquake on the 26th
of October, A wharf was destroyed and
many fences and roofs were demolished.
A French Colonel, commanding a Paris
battalion of pompiers, has just published an
interesting work, giving the comparattive fire
brigade statistics of New York, Chicago and
Paris, and calling for a reform of his service
on the American plan.
The Duke of Argyll is about to visit Amer
ica again to ascertain what credencelmay be
placed in Goldwin Smith's assertions that
Canadians as a rule are disposed in -favor of
annexationto the United States. His con
clusions are eventually to be published.
Miller, setting as Circuit Judge, has decided
that the directors of the Missouri, Kansas &
Texas railroad have control of their road
upon the payment of the past due interest
coupons, which they are ready to pay. The
Union Trust Company has been receiver for
Prof. Woodward, the census supervisor,
has completed his work of re-enumerating
the city, and announces, officially, that the
population of St. Louis on the tirst day of
last June was 350,915. This is an increase of
17,330 over the census taken by supervisor
The Ohio Board of Agriculture reports 2,
906,000 acres of wheat, with a total number
nf bushels of 52,000,000. This is 12,000,000
more baushels than ii'1879, and a larger yield
than the largest ever known in Ohio, and
puts her nearly if not quite even With Illinois
as a producing State.
The Director of the lint estimates the
gold coin and bullion in the country, on. No
vember 1st,: at $528,,d00000, and the biioin
at the mints at $85,000,000. This does not
include thelbullion held b-y miners aind p·i- P
vate pars The tdta silver coinage tao No.vf
1:st, is $13,oQr000.
Paymaster Nelson, whose trial was pro
his guilt and, threw hinmsef on the mercy of
the court martial, howifg in" his defence
Agriculture "'to negotit with' ateamboat
agents for cheap fares for immigrants hither.
The movements from the agricultural dis
tricts of Austria and the German provinces
towards Texas is steadily increasing in vol
ume, 1,000 arriving in New Orleans in one
There has been a great falling off in the
population of San. Francisco. -The estimated
decrease is more than 60,000, and the opinion
is expressed that not less than 40,000. more
will be compelled to leave for' want of em
ployment. The city is overrun with young
A ,Wing of St. Peter. Mnu., i nansan.e Asy
lumn Burned-Great Loss` of:Life.
On the 16th inst. a fire broke out in the
North wing of the Insane Asylum, at St.
Peter's, and it rapidly spread until the entire
wing was a sheet of flames. As soon as it
was found that the fire -was likely to prove
serious, Dr. Bartlett, Superin'tendent, gave or
ders to have the patients all released and
cared for as well as possible. The matron
of the female department made all haste to
get the inmates out, and many of them ran
shrieking in their night clothes into the snow
drifts, even burying themselves in the snow
and had to be dragged into barns and sheds,
while those near by wrapped blankets and
shawls around them. Hence the intense
suffering could not be avoided, as they had
to be taken about fifteen or twenty rods
through snow. The scenes at the burning of
the hospital were heart-rendering in the ex
treme. So appalling a sight has rarely been
witnessed. The patients in the annexed
wing were males. Many of them refused to
leave the building at all. They were scream
ing and crying, and acting like Bedlamites.
They were, of course, those that could not
be coaxed nor forced out of the building,
and became the unhappy victims of the
flames and suffocated. Others were saved,
some by ladders and some by leaping from
the windows. Some were nearly nude,
some shoeless and hatless, and all were ex
posed to the exceeding cold. of the night.
Many of the poor, demented and crazed in
mates fled as if for their lives, and could not
be overtaken or confined. Their sufferings
can better be imagined than described, The
whole catastrophe is fearful to contemplate
and impossible to describe. The poor,
dazed inmates of the asylum who had es
caped the flames were at large, half clothed,
and were to be seen in all directions, flying
in wild fright from those who attempted to
saveithem. lThe air was'bitter cold, and -the
poor wretches, with half naked bodies and
bleeding feet, were flying about hiding in the
alleys and dark corners. It is a sight which
once seen is never to be forgotten. For
some time the capacity of the building had
been tried to its utmost. There were about
600 patients, and every inch of space was
utilized. What will be done with these poor
creatures who have been turned out in the
cold and their malady increased by the ex
citement of the occasion is a serious question.
There are two other buildings situated' in
town which are used, but they are already
crowdled to their full capacity. The asylum
at Rochester is full and will doubtless be un
able to provide accommodations for any of
the inmates at St. Peter.
The whole structure, which was ten years
in course of erection, was only finished three
years ago and cost/bver half a million dollars.
Loss, from $100,000 to $150,000; ·io insur
ance, the State having neglected to take this
precaution. The origin of the fire is un
known, thoughit is located in the basiement
of the north wing, which was destroyed.
The reports of the loss of life are indefinite
and conflicting. Different rumors place:, the
number of victims from two or three to fifty,
but no bodies have been found and no one is
surely known to have been lost.
tb' --- ----
"he Figltt on tue MlusseshellI..
Additional particulars come to us of the
fight'of General Miles with the hostiles, in
definitely referred to in our local coluiens
last :week, through our Washington .dis
patches, which contain the following report
tpo Gneral Miles :
STheIndians attacked us to-day abo~ 4 4
p. m. Some Indians were' discovered at a
distance by the lookouts coming towards our
camp, and the seouts sent out ~were fired
upon by the party i ambush, a .uarter of a
mile from the camp;: The scouts fought
them well until forced to fall back,· which
they did without losing any men. One of our
horses was killed and three wounded at the
first volley. I an making my po ition as
strong as possi~le 'ai's tey are bound to. cpme
ba in force. ~Ihl do the bestI caand
Gen. Mles add~ dat t M aor biziit a
log hut and stockade a t o he
Musilelshell last summe*, tha* , of
remiui for a Jimn to wait the d