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TH RIVER PRESS
Vo1 II Fort Benton, 1M-ontana, Wednesday, December 15, 1880. No, 8,
• __ -- -- -- -- --| -- im - minn ~ •.. ...... . .. .
WILLIAMS, WRIGHT & STEVENS,
PUBLISHERS AND PROPRIETORS.
Terms ......................... $5.00 per Year.
RATES OF ADVERTISING:
One Column, 1 year ........................ .......$175
6 months........................... 100
3 ' ........................... . 75
Half Column, 1 year .......................... 100
6 months ...................... 75
3 " ................. . ........ 40
One-Third Column, 1 year..................... 80
6 months .................. 45
3 months .................. 30
Quarter Columin, 1 year ....................... 75
6 months ....................... 40
3 months ...................... 30
Three inches, 1 year .......................... 50
6 months ....................... .30
3 months........................ 25
1,rofessional Cards, 1 inch, 1 year ................. 15
,f tes for Transient Advertisements given at office.
OFFICI.AL DIREC.OIY OF 8 MONTANA.
DELEGATE IN CONGRESS.
Hon. MARTIN MAGINNIS, Helene.
Ofice. Name. Residence.
(Gvernor ........ BENJ. F. POTTS,..........Helena.
Secretary.... .... JAS. H. MILLS......Deer Lodge.
Chief Justice.. ..D. S. WADE........... .Helena.
- E. J. CONGER,..... Virgima City
Aýýocia::e Justices IW. J,. GALBRAITH, Deer Lodge
1. S. District Attorney, J. L. DR)YDi N.......Helena
U. 5. Marshal, ALEX. C. BOTKIN ............ "
surveyor General..R. II MASON............ HIlelena.
Ite~:-iter Land Office, JAS. I. MOE...........
Receiver Land Office, F. P. STERLING...... "
Collector Juturnal Revenue, T. P. FULLER... "
Collector Customs, T. A. CUMMINGS....... Benton.
DrSTRICT ATTORNEYS AND CLERIi..
pirst l)istrict, R. P. VIVION ............Bozeman
Second District, ALEX. H. MAYHEW.... Deer Lodge.
Third District. J. A. JOHNSTON........ .....Helena.
Clerk 1st Dist. Court, THEO. MUFFLY.Virginia City.
Clerk 2d dist. co'rt, GEO. W. IRVINE, 2d. Deer Lodge
Clerk 3d Dist. Court, ALEX. H. BEATTIE.... Helena.
UNITED STATES ASSAY OFFICE.
Assayer, MUSSEL B. HARRISON .............Helena
Melter, M. A. MEYENDORFF.............. Helena.
Auditor, JOSEPH P. WOOLMAN............Helena.
Treasurer. D. H. WESTON.................... Helena.
Warden of Penitentiary, W. W. BOTKIN, Deer Lodge
Sup't Public Schools, W. EGBERT SMITH.... Butte.
Supreme Court Reporter, C. HEDGES... .... Helena.
Clerk Supreme Court, ISAAC R. ALDEN..... Helena.
UNITED STATES EXAMINING SURGEON.
W. R. BULLARD........................ .Helena
BOZEMAN LAND DISTRICT.
Register, DAVIS WILLSON .............Bozeman.
Receiver, J. V. BOGERT ...................Bozeman.
Territory of Montana, SS.--The undersigned, Jus
tices of the Supreme Court of Montana Territory,
being assembled at the seat of government for said
Territor , hereby make the following order in rela
tion to the times and places for holding the District
Courts of said Territory, and order the same of record:
FIRST DISTRICT-E. J. CONGER, Judge.
At VInoINIA CITY, in Madison county, the second
Monday of November, and the third Monday of March.
At RADERsBURG, in Jefferson county, first Monday
of September, and the third Tuesday of February..
At BOZEMAN, in Gallatin county, ihe third Monday
of October, and the third Monday of April.
At MILES CITY, in Custer county, the fourth Mon
day of September, and the fourth Monday of May.
SECOND DISTRICT-W. J. GALBRAITH, Judge.
In Deer Lodge county, at DEER LODGE CITY, second
Monday in April; first Monday in September; first
'Monday in December.
In Missoula county, at MIssouLA, fourth Monday in
June; second Monday in November.
In Beaverhead county, at BANNACK, first Monday in
June; second Monday in October.
THIRD DISTRICT-D. S. WADE, Judge.
At HELENA, in Lewis and Clarke County, first Mon
day in March, and the fifth Monday in November.
At DIAx~oND CITY, in Meagher county, the third
Monday in April, and the third Monday in October.
At FonT BENTeN, in Choteau county, the lirst Mon
day in May, and the third Monday in September.
DECIUS S. WADE, Chief Justice,
E. J. CONGER, Associate Justice.
Attest:-I. R. ALDEN, Clerk.
H. P. ROLFE,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
(Andociated with Sanders (t Cillen.)
U. S. Deputy PIineral Surveyor.
Ten years' experience in government surveying. The
be-t instruments used. Collections, insurance
mining, homestead and all land claims
a attended to.
OFFICE, NEAR WETZEL'S,
FRONT STREET, FORT BENTON*
JOHN W. TATTAN,
ATTORNEY anl COUNSELOR AT LAW
Cor. Main and Arnoux Streets,
FORT BENTON, - - - MONTANA.
J. A. KANOUSE,
Attorney and Counselor at Law,
FORT BENTON, - - MONTANA.
NO'AYli PUBLIC and JUSTICE OF THE PEACE.
Main St., bet. Baker and St. John.
R. W. CUMMINGS,
Fort Benton, - Montana.
BUILDING STONE FURNISHED.
Overland Billiard Parlor
Next to Overland Hztel.
WINES, LIQUORS & CIGARS
OF THE BEST BRANDS.
All Drinks in Season.
T. E. COLLINS, L. H. HERSHFIELD,
CHAS. E. DUER, A. HERSHFIELD,
Fort Benton. Helena.
Transact a General Banking
Keep current accounts with merchants, stock men
and others, subject to be drawn against by
checks without notice.
PAY iNTEREST on TIME DEPOSITS
We buy and sell Exchange on the commercial centers
of the United States.
WE WILL GIVE SPECIAL ATTENTION TO THE
BUSINESS OF NORTIHERN AND CENTRAL
And will make such loans to stock men and farmers
as are suited to their requirements.
Local Securities a Specialty.
Collections and all other business entrusted to us wil
receive prompt and careful attention.
COLLINS, DUER & CO.
RECORD BUILDING. FORT BENTON, M. T.
The above elegantly appointed resort is situated over
Gans & Klein store, corner Main and Broadway.
Drop in and while away a pleasant hour at
"the gentleman's game."
AN ELEGANT CLUB ROOM
Can also be found here.
FRED, H, ANDERSON,
POST OFFICE BUILDING,)
HELENA, - M IONTANA.
Dealer in Books, Stationery, Fancy Goods and Notions,
Tobacco, Imported Cigars and Pipes.
Subscriptions taken for all leading Periodicals
AT PUBLISHIEIS' RATEI.
RING WALD BROS,&CO,
UPPER MAIN STREET,
HELENA, . " " . MONTANa.
Oppo-ite the First National Bank.
TExtraordinary Bargains in Pawnbrokers' Unredeem
I.ed Pledges, at Ringwald Bros. & Co.'s.
W e have a large stock of unredeemed pledges, con
sisting of Watches, Diamonds, all kinds of Jew
elry, Field and Opera Glasses, Gems, Rifles, Pistols,
5 - I Cost $900. One large, elegant Diamond
4& Ui' Cross and Pendant, beautifully set with six
large Brilliants, at Pawnbrokers.
$ 500 Cost $50. A handsome Solitaire Diamond
Ring, six karat, brilliant stone. beautifully
set, at Pawnbrokers.
500 Cost $SS. A beautiful six karat stone, to
match the above; would make an elegant
pair of ear rings, at Pawnbrokers,
Oo worth of Diamonds; the largest and
t1Oo finest stockin Montana. We have
Diamond Ring of every description, cluster and sohl
taire. Prices from $25 to $5o0.
iamond Ear Drops of the very latest settings, and
D of all sizes; stones as pure and clear as drops of
water; prices from 550 to $1,000 per pair. We make a
specialty of the finest goods.
Gents and Ladies' Gold Watcees at Bargains, at
(i ents' Gold Vest and Guard Chains of every des
J cription, at Pawnbrokers.
We would call the attention of stock men and all who
are in want of Fiald Glasses, as we make a spe
cialty of the largest and most powerful glasses
made in the world. Glasses worth $75 we
sell for $40; one worth $65 for $35;
one worth $50 for $25; one worth
$30 for $15; one worth $20
arge asssrtment of revolvers, some Smith & Wes
L son, trimmed with rubber, double action; Colt's
double action 45 calibre; almost new, at half price, at
M'oney to loan on all goods of value at IEingwald
SBros. & Co.
The above goods are unredeemed pledges, and will
Sbe sold at half their value. All goods warrant
ed as represented, or in any case not found so, money
will be refunded cheerfuy, : br .
RIIQGWALD BROs. & Co,, Pawnbrokes.
Benton St., behind Marshalls Saloon,
LEON P. ROCRON, Prop'tor.
Keeps large stock of
Bread, Pies and akes
.Alwa.ys onhand and cheap for cash.i '
A Southerner Speaks his Mind About
WASm1GTON, December 9.-The most
eventful speech of the House to-day was
that of Lapham, who in the course of his
speech said that the Democratic party was
too prone to look leniently on political crimes.
The leaders who were responsible for that
bliitering infamy and colossal fraud-the
Morey forgery, were enjoying high places in
Democratic opinion, the men who tried to
steal the State of Maine were still their trust
ed leaders, and in New York they elect a
man to the State Senate by 11,000 majority
after his crimes bad become so infamous
that he never dared appear and claim his
seat, referring to 'lweed in 1868.
Canadian Pacific Railroad.
OTTAWA, (Ont.) December 9.-This after
noon the Governor General delivered a speech
from the throne, of which the following is
an extract: The contract and papers con
nected with the Canadian Pacific railroad
will be submitted to you without delay, and I
envoke for them your early and earnest con
sideration. I have summoned you before the
usual period, as no action can be taken by
contractors to prosecute the work, and no
permanent arrangement for the organization
of systematic emigration from Europe to the
Nofthwest Territory can be satisfactorily
made until the policy of Parliment with re
spect to the railroad has been decided.
Steady progress will be made in the con
struction of those portions of the railroad
now under contract. Two additional sec
tions have recently been opened for traffic
one from Winnepeg to Portage and La
Prarie, and the other from Cross Lake to
Keewatin-so that there are now in all 264
miles in operation. The measures adopted
to promote economy in the working of the
Inter-Colonial and Prince Edward Island
railroads have resulted very favorably, and
the steadily increasing trafic warrantd the ex
pectation that during the present year these
railroad will become alf-sustaining.
Democrat ' Ticket.
NEw YORK, Decempber 9.-The Herald'a
Washington;A special .says: Some leading
Democrats in the Hou~ e have conceived the
idea of capturing the organization of the next
House by making an alliance with the Green
backers and supporting . the Greenbacker
Ladd of Maine, for the Speakership. This
scheme, with the electoral count bill and the
attempt to unseat Kellogg, are .three blunders
cropping out in the first three days of the
session, any one of which ought to send the
perpetrator to the rear in-disgrace as a per
son not fit to be trusted with a voice in party
NOTES OF NEWS,
Blatne being interviewed on the subject of
his takeing a place on Garfields cabinet said:
"The first and only timne I ever saw that re
port was in the 'rib e, and I have never
heard of the offer from any other source.
For the first time since the war the South
ern States will participate in the inauguration
festivities. There is every probability that it
will be a grand occasion.
Senator Pendleton introduced a joint res
olution which, in order to facilitate the settle
ment and develope the resources of Alaska,
proposes to request the President th adopt
such action as he may deem proper to insti
tute negotiations with: the Governments of
Great Britain and Canaida to obtain the.rivi
lege of opening a road and highway from the
boundary line of the FInited States, through
British Columbia, to Fort W rangel and Sitka.
The joint resolution was referred to the Coin
mitee on foreign relations.
Whether the House Military Committee
will report favorably on McCook's bill to
place Graut on the retired list with the pay
of a General in the Army, is very doubtful.
The indications are that all the Democrats on
the Committee will oppose it, in which case
it will never be reported ; but this is not posi
tive, as members are not at all communicative
on the subject, and will not be until they have
discussed it among themrselves.
Stanley Mathews will succeed Justice
Swayne on the Supreme Court Bench, and
Judge Devens .:may have a place if he will
The grand jury of he Federal Court has in
dicted three election judge at Manchester,
Vs.'for refusing to take votes because they
alleged that the capitation tax was illegally
issued fronm the State Auditor's office.
The Governor and Secretary of State fail
ing to agree upon the'election of a represen
tative from Bradley county Tennessee the for
mer claiming that a Deocratis elected and the
latter placing a Reppdlican, the case is to be
edcided by' ;the Legislature itself. The Dem
ocrats still have three majority on jointballot
During the performance at Pike's Opera
House Cincinnati, of the play enititled "OCde
Hunared Wives," a well-dressed gentlemun
arose in the audience, and in a loud voice
protested against the further progress of the
play on account of its attacks on the Mormon
religion. He was deeply in earnest, and be
came so violent as to attrapt the attention of
the whole house, and Manager Ballenberg
was obliged to eject him. He appeared to be
sober and in his right mind. He said he was
an Englishman and was stopping for a time
in this city.
Judge Drummond, of The U. S. Court, has
decided that the tax levied by the city on the
street car companies of Chicago, of $50 per
car per year, in valid. This will put $140,
000 annually into the city treasury.
Payne, with 400 colonists, expects to make
an all-night march on the Cherokee trip. Lt.
Mason and company of 4th Cavalry are fol
lowing closely on the invaders.
A number of Jesuits, expelled from France
lately, haye arrived in Montreal, and taken
up their quarters temporarily with their breth
ren in that city. The seminary of St. Sulpice
has provided eight hundred acres of land for
these exiles at Oka, and they will go into
farming there next Spring.
The Staliion "Blue gown." which was
shipped on the steamer Victoria, November
13, died November 25, from exhaustion pro
duced by the tossing of the ship. Bluegown
was an English thoroughbred, famous as the
winner of the "Derby" some years ago.
He had been recently purchased by James R.
Keene for the sum of $20,000. The animal
was slung and put in a padded stall; the
pitching of the ship, however, frightened him
he sprang about and fretted continually until
he adied, although he received no apparent in
The First Baptist Church o0 Montana.
The Baptists of Helena and vicinity have
recently been organized into a church, body
politic, under the supervision of the Rev. J.
T. Mason, missionary in charge of the de
nominational interests in Montana, and intend
soon to build a church on the west side of
town. They start with about a score of
names as constituent members, and are pro
mised substantial help from the Board of
Missions in their efforts to establish a church.
The organization takes for its name "The
First, Baptist Church of Montana."
LAND OFFICE RULING.
Important Deeslon in Regard to Hates
for the Advertising. of Patents.
We have received the following circular
from Register J. H. Moe, of the Helena Land
Office, for publication:
DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR,)
General Land Office,
WASHINGTON, Nov. 22, 1880.)
Registers and Receivers, United States Dis
trict Land Ofice :
GENTLEMEN :-It has been represented to
me by the publishers of newspapers and
numerous other persons interested, that the
rate of compensation prescribed by me and
promulgated in official circular of April 19,
1880, for the publication of notices of inten
tion to apply for patent to mining claims is
inequitable and in many instances inadequate.
Since the promulgation of the former cir
cular additional facts have been brought to
my attention, and I am led to believe that a
more just and satisfactory rule would be to
make the price charged for the publication.of
such notices depend upon the space which
they occupy in the columns of the newspa
pers designated by the registers.
For the reason stated I have concluded to
modify the former circular in this respect,
and direct that hereafter the maximum char
ges for such notices shall not exceed $5 for
each ten lines - of space occupied where a
weekly newspaper is designated as the me
dium of publication, and $7 where a daily
newspaper is designated, said sums to be in
full payment for publication in each issue of
the newspaper designated for the entire period
required by law.
It should beborne in mind that, these no
tices must not be so abbreviated as to curtail
the description essential to a perfect notiee,
and the said rates are established upon the
understanding that they are to be in the usual
body type as nonpareil.
For the publication of citations in contests
or hearings involving the character of lands
the charges shall not exceed $8 for five publi
cations in weekly newspapers or $10 for pub
lication in daily newspapers for 30 days.
You will give due notice hereof to all-per
sons interested. Very respectfully,
J. A. WrAuWMsoN, Commissioner.
The following, from the TM1adisonian, will
interest many of the old time friends of Mr.
On Wednesday afternoon, the community
was deeply shocked by the news that H H.
Hathaway, one of the, partners in the High
.land Fluming and Mining Company, opera
ting in Alder gulch; about three miles above
Virginia City, had met his death suddenly by
-being precipitated down as embankment 6n
the Virginia City and: summit road. He .was
hauling some goods, and a safe, and it is.
thoughL that the deceased, who h~d been
walking behind the load, attempted to get
on the sleigh, and, in so doing pulled over
the goods, which were loaded "top-heavy"
and they were all--Hathaway, Jones and the
goods-thrown over the embankment togeth
er. Mr. Jones was unhurt by the fall, and
as soon as he could get up, went tolassistance of
his companion, who was under the safe; but
was horrified to find, upon removing it, that
he was quite dead. In the fall one of the de
ceased's legs was broken, and the top of his
skull completely mashed in. Death must
have been instantaneous. Mr. Hathaway
was an old resident of Montana, having
come to the country with the early settlers in
1863. He was highly respected for his sterling
integrity and estimable qualtities as a cititzen.
He was 50 years of age.
Men who are "born leaders" do not make
any unnecessary noise in the world. They
have no occasion to exact obedience from
subordinates, for no one ever thinks of diso
beying them ; while those who do not possess
the faculty only display their weakness in
their efforts to appear important and impres
sive. The story is told of a man who had a
large number of pigs in a pen near his house,
and made it a practice to go out every even
ing and "stir them up" with a club, to the
great annoyance of the pigs and the distur
bance of the neighbors. When asked his
reason for this absurd and useless conduct,
he answered that he wanted them to know he
was boss. There are too many men in every'
community whose idea of executive abilty is
exactly on par with this. They bluster and
splurge and "stir things up" generally, con
vinced that such foolish parade of authority
will convince those unfortunate enough to be
under them: "that they are boss," whereas
the fact is that it serves to convince all that
they are fools. And the time comes at length
when those who are over them find it out,
and they are dropped. The quiet way is the
best, after all.
A Hint to Grumblers.
"what a noisy world this is !" croaked an
old frog, as he squatted on the margin of the
pond. "Do you hear those geese, how they
scream and hiss. What do they do it for ?"
"O, just to amuse themselves," answered a
little field mouse.
"Presently we shall have the owls hooting.
What is that for ?"
"It's the music tey' like best," said the
"And those grasshoppers; they can't go
home without grinding and chirping; why
do they do that ?"
"0, they are so happy they can't help it,"
said the mouse.
"You find excuses for all. I believe you
' don't understand music, you so like the hid
"'Well, my friend, to be honest with you,"
said the mouse, "I don't greatly admire any
of them; but they are all sweet in my ears
compared with the constant croaking of a
The sensitive Woman.
You all know her. She seems to think
herself entitled to universal pity and con
sideration. No rules apply to her. She is
sensitive and easily wounded, and must not
be dealt harshly with. She is perpetually
lugging sentiment into business. If her
creditors are obdurate, and want their money
at a given time, she asks them piteously how
they would like tohave their sisters' treated
as they treat her, and clearly considers her
self the victim of man's cruelty. She is al
ways ready to ''choke up." Her heart lies
near her throat, and one can hardly say a
iword which she will not consider as a "slap"
at herself and which she will not resent. No
general remark can be made which will not
cause her to "choke up" and grow red in the
:face with supprsed rage at the supposed in
sult. A turkey gobbler can scarcely equal
her in the art ofchanging color and "chok
.ing up." Nothing pleases her, and she will.
become angry at your slightest utterance.
One of thiskind on a steambbat said, "Sir,
were you making faces at me?" : The gentle
man began, :"Madam--." "Don't madam
me," she said, "for I am an honest woman!"
"An Enoeh Arden.
SJohn Edward: Giles, a graduate of Union
College, married a Schenectady girl, entered
the ministry, and becams a pastor of achurch
on Long Island. He starte4 ou day to bross
The`~ S6ound in i a open boo..- Te craft was
found capsized, and the clery was miss
ing. The belief was, of oa ththe was
drowned. This happene if1849 The
widow msrried agaii 'and ow lives in
Schnectiidy as Mrs. Lyons. A recent item
told of a colporteur dying in & ba! is
while inte, and that when he retiirned, to.