Newspaper Page Text
TE RIVE .. PRESS,
Vol I, Fort Benton, Montana, Wednesday, February 9I 1881 N 16
WILLIAMS, WRIGHT & STEVENS,
PUBLISHERS AND PROPREETORS.
Terms...........................$5.00 per Year.
RATES OF ADVERTISING:
One Column, 1 year.............................$175
6 months ......................... " ...... 100
S 3 .months ... ........... 75
Half Column, 1 year .......................... 0
.. ...... . ............... 40
One-Third Column, 1 year............ ........80
, 6 months .................. 40
3 months .................. 30
Quarter Column, 1 year.... ... 75
. 6 months ... ....... .......... 40
3" months ................... 30
Three inches, 1 year ......... . 50
6months ..... ................ 3
. 3 months........................... 25
Professional Cards, 1 inch, 1 year................. 15
Rates for Transient Advertisements given at office.
OFFICIAL DIRECTORY OF MONTANA
DELEGATE IN CONGBESS.
Hon. MARTIN MAGINNIS, Helena.
Office. Name. Residence.
Governor .......... BENJ. F. POTTS, .......... Helena.
Secretary..........JAS. H. MILLS......Deer Lodge.
Chief Justice.. ..D. S. WADE............. Helena.
Associate Jtie E. J. CONGER.., Virginia City
Associate Ju . J. GALBRAITH, Deer Lodge
U. S. District Attorney, J. L. DRYDEN.......Helena
U. S. Marshal, ALEX. C. BOTKIN............ '.
Surveyor General..R. H. MASON............ Helena.
Register Land Office, JAS. H. MOE...........
Receiver Land Office, F. P. STERLING......
Collector Internal Revenue, T. P. FULLER... "
Collector Customs, T. A. CUMMINGS....... Benton.
DrSTRTCT ATTORNEYS AND CLEDK.,
First District, F. K. ARMSTRONG........ Bozeman
Second District, ALEX. H. MAYHEW.... Deer Lodge.
Third District. T. J. LOWRY................Helena.
Clerk 1st Dist. Court, THEO. MUFFLY.Virginia City.
Clerk 2d dist. co'rt, GEO. W. IRVINE, 2d, Deer Lodge
Clerk 3d Dist. Court, ALEX. H. BEATTIE.... Helena.
UNITED STATES ASSAY OFFICE.
Assayer, RUSSEL B. HARRISON ............. Helena
Melter, M. A. MEYENDORFF ...............Helens.
Auditor, JOSEPH P. WOOLMAN ...........Helena.
Treasurer. D. H. WESTON ....................Helena.
Warden of Penitentiary. W. W. BOTKIN Deer Lodge
Sup't Public Schools, W. EGBERT SMITH....Butte
Supreme Court Reporter, C. HEDGES... ....Helena.
Clerk Supreme Court, ISAAC R. ALDEN...... Helena.
UNITED STATES EXAMINING SURGEON. I
W. R. BULLARD...... ...... ........... Helena
BOZEMAN LAND DISTRICT.
Register, DAVIS WILLSON ................ Bozeman
Receivers J. V. BOGERT............. ..Bozeman
H. P. ROLFE,
ATTORNEY AT LAW, J
(Associated with Sanders & Cullen.)
U. S. Deputy Mineral Surveyor.
Ten years' experience in government surveying. The
best instruments used. Collections, insurance
mining, homestead and all land claims
attended to. B
OFFICE, NEAR WETZEL'S,
FRONT STREET, FORT BENTON.
JOHN W. TATTAN,
ATTORNEY and OOUNSELOR AT LAW
Office of the County Clerk,
FORT BENTON, - - - MONTANA.
J. A. KANOUSE, .
Attorney and Counselor at Law,
FORT BENTON, - - MONTANA. B
'OTA RY PUBLIC and JUSTICE OF THE PEACE. On
Main St., bet. Baker and St. John.
JOHN W, DEWEY, w
Civil Engineer V
ARCHITECT, : wi
United States Dep. Mineral Surveyor co:
BENTON. . m-RONTANA. ev
---- -- tre
CORNER MAIN AND GRAND STS., pa
HELENA, IR. T. po
Zimmer & Wolpert, Prop'rs, te
NEW, NEAT AND FIRST-0LASS. m
Board by the Week........................... $6 00 dri
Three Meal Tickets .................. .... 1 00
Lodging......... ....................... 50as
A bar in connection with the house, where fine wines,
liquors and cigars are kept. The patronage of the WO
pubfic is respectfully solicited.
PALACE PARLORS :
Front Street, Fort Benton. at
-: THE me
Finest Tonsorial Parlors
IN THE NORTHWEST. ri
s MITH SPALDING, ten
Messrs. Smith & Spalding respectfully inform the
citizens of Benton that they have receut;y bought out
Mr. Wmin. Foster, and assure the public a continuation
of the uniform skill and courteous attention which
is familiar to the habitues of the place. val
Hot and Cold Baths. wh
s CLUB ROOMS
Malni Street, Fort Benton.
100 ST. LOUIS BEER,
40 Wines, Liquors & Cigars
75 THE SULTANA CIGAR,
30 All in full lines, and served in the very best style.
- Corner Front and Benton Sts.
FORT BENTON, - IRlONTANA.
A CHOICE LOT OF
v.. Whiskies, Wines and Cigars
ALWAYS ON HAND.
:ity L. T. MARSHALL, Proprietor,
ma TheElite is the most popular resort in the upper part i
of town. Drop in and have a friendly chat
C. CENTRE MARKET,
Fort Benton, M. T.
Beef, Muon, Pork, Fish,
GAME AND ICE. o
JOHN J. KENNEDY, Propr'tor. d,
I will purchaes Beef and Stock Cattle, and am pre- d
la pared to deliver them on board of steamboats at ii
Fort Benton, or at any other point on the
Missouri river, either by the head or ti
n gross weight, at lowest rates. be
YARD & FLANAG(AN,
BOARD BY THE WEEK, $6. e1;
Having one of the best of cooks, and under the super
vision of Mr. Yard, and buying the very best the. fU
market affords, we can insure to the pub
lic entire satisfaction. th
1lREALS AT ALL HOURS OF TIHE
DAY OR NIGHT.
POLITE AND AB"TENTIVE WAITERS. co
We pay the top prices for Game, Poultry, and country
News from Transval indicates that the a
Boers have taken up a position in the Drak- th
enburg Pass, which is among the last of the of
steep ascents leading to the plateau. It isof
said that they have permitted General Colley
whose advance progress has only been about
20 miles since he commenced to move, to ad- b
vance unmolested through some of the worst he
places in the mountains, but their position
will enable them to await the encounter when
his troops are fatigued with rough traveling
whilst the Boers will have behind them a
comparative plain through which, in the
event, they being nearly all mounted, can re- 18
treat much faster than the British can follow.
Sir George Colley moved out with 808 in- tr
fantry, 170 cavalry and six guns. Five com- ne
panies of the 58th cavalry, the artillery sup
porting them, attacked the enemy's left. Af- m1
ter a gallant and nearly successful charge in
which General Deane and all his staff and th
mounted officers were shot down, they were
driven down the hill. The casualties as far
as known are-General Deane, Major Poole, the
and Lieuts. Elwertz and Beattie, killed.
Lieuts. Hingeston, Lovegrade and Odollell, a
wounded, and 181 were kille&, wounded or
In the engagement the Boers fought with 18'
determined courage. They captured the col- ste
ors of the 58th regiment, killing the two offi- bu
cers in charge. The colors were recaptured caa
at the point of the bayonet. If the 58th regi- Hi
ment had been supported by another 1,000 tot
the position would have been taken. but
Right of Way Obtained. ser
CHICAGO, February 1.-Geo. L. Bliss re- He
ports from Sioux that he has just negotiated rai
a right of way for the Northwestern railroad ter
company to the Black Hills, with the Indians of
at Spotted Tail and Red Cloud Agencies. The pla
terms are similar to those made at Washing- me
ton with the Cheyenne and Brule Sioux. He gle
gave them $110 per mile, 200 feet wide. abi
A letter received yesterday from the Mus- pei
cleshell by a gentleman of Helena states that yei
valley is infested by a gang of worthless men of
who have no visible means of support, unless an
it may be trading whisky to Indiabs, and an
who are killing fine beef cattle.-Herald no'
MONTANA'S LEADING HOUSE.
From a Small Beginning to a Position of
Eminence in our Commerce and
the Carrying Trade.
Mr. T. C. Power, the gentleman whose
operations in Montana have given him the
`S soubriquet of the "Great Rustler," has de
served the title conferred by the expressive
Western slang. Coming to Benton from
Dakota in the sprin nf 1867, he has built up
a business which is second to none in this Ter
ritory, and by his ~ergy in extending the
freighting facilities of Benton and the Upper
River, has indirectly assisted greatly in the
development of Northern Montana.
He began life at the first round of the lad
der, and his history if it were written would
serve as an excellent illustration of the push,
enterprise and sagacity which has been the
secret of the success of so many business
men, and which in his case has been marked.
He has conducted some heavy enterprises un
rt der difficulties which several times have
threatened to overwhelm him, but which he I
has successfully overcome. He has had, in t
this Western country, the advantage which a
new land confers to men of enterprise, s
but it is a popular mistake to suppose that be- C
cause there is freslness in a country, and ti
a world of wealth unopened, and only wait- i1
ing for some one toMtake it, that it requires
less judgment and less push, and less patience a
than in old communities where the channels a
of trade and enterprsoe are running in set- a:
tied grooves. Indeed, it requires a much 0
finer estimation of the : ment of chance, ti
owing to the uncertainty of things, and the r(
diffculty of forecasting the results of move- p1
ments which depend so much upon the acci- cl
dents of the future. It requires more ener- st
gy, for in a new country everything is to be a]
done, and nothing ready. It requires, also, tl
more patience, because usually it takes a long ta
time after the sowing before the harvest can th
be gathered. It requires more faith, for to so
see civilization and wealth arise out of wild- P
ness and dearth is a gift which can flow from '
no other faculty. And these western pio- sti
neers of commerce and culture, all of them, be
deserve all the praise bestowed upon them. eX
For while they are laboring for themselves w
they are building for the future and for the Wi
.whole Co a -. .rou. . . . ..
In the early day of '67 he brouht a stock
orgoods to Benton not exceeding to ý.. .
weight, and consisting only of the limited
class required in the Indian trade. Tne na- Ft
ture of this trade has been previously si
touched upon, and its merits and demerits so
fully described, and we will therefore dismiss gr
this part of the subject by stating that the tin
principal return trade was In robes, hides, de
furs and gold dust, some of which found its
way through this channel from the upper st
The business rapidly grew in proportions s
and worth, and in 1869 the increase was so
marked that he was obliged to branch out, he
and many minor trading posts were formed to
along the river, which were maintained until ra
the decadence of the fur trade, when many co
of them gradually faded out of sight--a few i
of them remain, and will probably grow into
centers of local trade for a country surround
ing, which is developing on firmer bases than ar
beaver or buffalo. In '70 he established the w
house in Helena, which carried aline of min
ing and agricultural goods, and were active
agents in assisting the development of the Ai
freight business which is the most important cel
carried on by any individual in Montana. de
"John" became a member of the firm in Re
1869, and at present is the head of the mer- Ge
cantile branch, which has grown from a retail in
trading post to a wholesale and jobbing busi- m
ness of splendid proportions. Retail business a e
is still carried on, but is becoming more and ga
more subordinate to the wholesale trade, and ap
we believe that if the retail business takes prt
that independent form which is anticipated me
in the coming season, that it will soon be toT
dropped altogether, for it certainly will be to on
the interest of this and the other large firms t I
here to foster other interests, and operate on prc
a more extended scale. sio
Land freighting was begun and extended as an
the branches were made, and grew along till the
1875, when T. C. Power & Bro. entered the en
steamboat business, from which the overland iig
business received a strong impetus and has tra
caused it to assume immense proportions. chs
His first venture on the river was in the Ben ins
ton, in which he had a good interest. The the
business fluctuated, and was attended with pre
serious drawbacks and intense competition. cri
He had hardly begun, when one of the big
railroads established a steamboat line with its der
terminus at Carroll, and made a combination age
of this with a general teaming line, and, fre
placing its freight at a rate extremely low, T,
made opposition to it a thing of considerable
glory and little profit. But Carroll, with its 'I
abundant promise of a future metropolis,was of 1
among the things that were shortly to disap- pro
pear from the face of the earth. For two air
years and a little more, all the anticipations On
of a golden future seemed fair of realization, niel
and it boomed apace. But the floods came, Illii
and after a short struggle it vanished, and Thi
now the waters roll over the old town, and ou&
only a few simple and tenantless structures
are left to tell the story of its rise and the dc
struction of its hopes.
After the abandonment of the river busi
ness by the railroad, the interests of the
"Commodore" began to rise in value, and
in 1878 the Helena was built-followed in
'79 by the Butte, and very recently the Black
Hills has been added, which now form a line
which has taken the lead in the upper river
freighting, and which has given to merchants
and passengers excellent satisfaction.
The steamboat business is hazardous, and
does not have that profit that is popularly sup
posed. Four months is a very good average
for the duration of the freighting season,
and during a great part of that time the wa
ter is very low, and boats are often detained
indefinitely by bars and various obstructions
which flow into the channel; and the channel
itself is treacherous and continually shifting.
So that taking the year's operations, there is
only a very small margin of profit left, if it
does not result in positive loss.
Great credit is due this gentleman for the
pertinacity.which he has shown in pushing
this troublesome business to its present
healthy condition, in spite of the natural ob
stacles and intense competition be has been
compelled to meet. No sooner was competi
tion withdrawn by the Diamond "R," than
it began to be felt from the South from the
Utah and Northern, which during the past
season has been conducting its business with
a view to deflect the trade of Benton through
another channel, by carrying freight at ruin
ously low rates. But so much of dissatisfac
tion has been expressed at the way the rail
road has managed its business, and by fair
promises of good winter rates, inducing mer
chants of the Territory to buy small stocks in
summer, and ship by rail in winter, that they
are inclined towards the river again, finding
that the natural route is not only more cer
tain and cheaper, but is the only check upon
the extortion and loss entailed by railroad
scalping, and have taken a lesson from the
past season which they will not soon repeat.
We expect to see a season of activity in
steamboating here this season which has not
been previously witnessed, and believe the 1
exertions of Mr. Power has had much to do
with bringing about the splendid indications
which the coming season promises.
The firm has a branch establishment in
Chicago where the purchasing and contract- p
E.,gptP~ firmand the teamboet busi- t
M't. Macleod, Ft. Walsh in the British posses- f
,ions, and at Belknap, Clagett, Helena and c
Some other minor points. They have all I
,rown rapidly in importance and will con- t
:inue to increase in strength as the country c
Their Benton business house is a fine two t
storied brick t uilding well lighted and com- c
n-odious, the lower story being devoted to c
its retail business, and the upper to the whole I
3ale trade. The basement is stored with C
,eavy goods, and the entire house is filled I
;o its capacity. In order to accomodate their t
rapidly growing business here, they have t
,ommenced the erection of a new bnilding of c
3imilar proportions, which will be completed a
n the Spring. Numerous warehouses, filled t
with wagons and agricultural implements, r
tre situated in various points in town.
WVorkingminen and Merchants In New
York Opposed to Monopoly
A new organization called the National '
.nti-Monopoly League, held a meeting re
:ently at the Cooper Institute; E. L. Chitten- L
len, presiding. Among those present were
Rev. Heber Newman, F. B. Thurber, Henry 1
.eorge, and "many others. The President, r
nwelcoming the merchants and working- i
nen present, said : It was the outgrowth of
Ssentiment in the community against the gi
:antic monopolies 6f the day. They had
Lppointed executive committees who had '
)repared an address which would be sent to
nerchants and others in the cities and large
owns in the United States. F. B. Thurber, d
n behalf of the commitee, read the address.
t says : The league was established for the la
rotection of the citizens against the aggres- ri
ion of corporations; to advocate, support a
nd defend the rights of the many against
ie privileges for the few. The league will h
ndeavor to secure, among others, the follow- u
ag specified results: Laws compelling
ransportation companies to base their *
harges upon the costs and risk of service, n
3stead of the new theory enunciated by C
-em-what will the traffic bear ? Laws to b
,revent pooling and combinations, and dis- ti
rimination against any citizen on the public '
ighway; no taxing the public to pay divi- o
ends on watered stock; stringent laws h
gainst bribery, including the prohibition of t(
ree passes. si
'wenty Hours Bettween New Yoru and C
The New York Timnes prints the prospectus
f the Continental Railway Company, which
roposes the construction of a double track
ir line road from New York to Chicago and
,maha, by the consolidation of five compa
ies, to be organized under the laws of Iowa "
linois, Indiana, Ohio and Pennsylvania h
he promoters aim to furnish a great thor- a
ughlfare for the transportation of freight o:
res at less cost and greater facility and expedi
d-- tion than any other line affords. The pres
ent trunk lines, it is argued, were originally
psi built for local purposes, on circuitous routes
the chosen to avoid expense, or to reach busi
nd ness centres. The new road will have uni
in form grades, and its carrying capacity will
ck be three-fold that of the present line. The
ne schedule proposed is 15 cents per bushel for
Ter grain from Chic~uo, 18 cents from St. Louis,
Lts and 24 cents from Council Bluffs. The tar
iff on grain from Chicago, during late years,
nd has usually been 20 cents per bushel. The
ip- management will begin by starting 80 trains
ge per day, each way, from Chicago and New
n, York, which they expect to increase, after
a- the first six months, to one hundred trains
ed daily each way.
ns The estimated cost of the continental rail
iel road, including stations, grounds, equipments
g. machine shops and all property and neces
is sary appliances to put the road in first-claFs
it running order is $100,000,000. Promineut
capitalists of Europe and America have a!
3e ready pledged the amount required to begin
Capture of Gall and His Camp by Major
n The following account of the capture of
*i- the hostile Sioux under the notorious Gall by
.n Major Ilges and his command was telegraph
te ed from Poplar Creek to Sheridan's head
h Upon the conclusion of the last council
h with the savages, they returned to their
1- camp on the other shore of the Messouri, and
- sent Major Ilges word that they would neith
i- er surrender nor treat with him. Major II
r ges at once completed preparations for an
armed movement and the next morning 'his
a command took the saddle. The men were
y given two days rations and went in light
g marching order. At 11 o'clock a.' m. Co. F,
Eleventh Infantry and a detachment of the
n Seventh Infantry, with a three-inch Rodman
I gun moved across the Missouri and took up
e a position south of the woods in which the
hostiles were encamped. At high noon the
i main command, under Major Ilges, and Com
t panies F, 0, C, and B, all of the Fifth Infan
try, and Co. F, Twelfth cavalry, moved north
and west across the river, taking the Indian
villiage on the opposite bank.
The Companies of the Fifth were mounted
on Indian ponies, making it in all senses a
cavalry command:. There were three dis
tinct villages in the hostile camp, one of
and iompriis'a9iioltL1tfi pr'ep i ii:
ond was that of Chief Gall, of the Uncapa
pas, and comprised twenty lodges. The
third village was made up of the main body
of Uncapapas under the Crow-all closely
embeded in the thick growth of timber. The
troops came first upon the Minneconjou
camp. The sight which greeted us was that
of a lot of deserted lodges with a few old
men: in the foreground who came forward
quickly and delivered up their worthless flint
locks. They informed the interperter that
the warriors had taken to the woods, and
that a number had escaped and run to the
camp of the Yanktonias. Captain Oven
shine with one company, was left at
this point. The main column proceeded
north, and reached a small opening filled
with broken timber, on the edge of which
was the camp of Gall. Back of this village,
and deep into the woods was the remaining
village, where it afterwads transpired was
the main body of hostiles. The detachment
under Major Ilges, upon reaching this point,
found Capt. Reed's command protecting the
line from the south, and the camp was sur
rounded on its three side; savages darting
into the underbrush cuuld be seen in our
front and Capt. Hargons with his company
was directed to charge the timber. The
mounted command advanced toward the
tepees at a rattling pace and were fired on
by an Indian in the brsush, who was killed
during the fire which followed. The men
dismounted and cut the tepees, from one of
which they were fired upon, and riddled the
lodge in return. During the progress of the
rattle of musketry the rifled guns in the rear
and on the right opened fire and shelled the
woods on the right. The screaming missiles
had the desired effect, and within ten min
utes after cannonading had opened a courier
from the Fort announced the hoisting of a
white flag. Firing at once 'ceased and the
main column turnet to the right, leaving
Captain Hargous in the rear with orders to
burn the lodges. The woods for the first
time seemed full of savages, and Bears Head
was sent out to negotiate terms. He was at
once notified by Major Ilges to deliver up
his arms and ponies and take down his tepees
to be ready to move. These orders were
complied with. The troops burned about
sixty lodges, after which they returned to
Justlee to Montana Volunteers.
WASHINGTON, February 2.-The Senate
Committee to-day reported favorably on the
bill which passed the House last December,
to place the Montana volunteers who served
with the United Sta~tes troops in the Nez
Perces war on the e footing as if~t they
had been reguriarIlyi ered into the service
and tohave such rights ~ocrue to the heirs
of those citizens who were killed in action. :