Newspaper Page Text
Vol, I, Fort Benton, Montana, Wednesday, February 16, 1881. No1 17.
WILLIAMS, WRIGHT & STEVENS,
PUBLISHERS AND PROPRIETORS.
Terms,.........................$5.00 per Year.
RATES OF ADVERTISING:
One Column, 1 year ... ........................$175
6 months .......................... 100
" " ........................... . 75
Haif Column, 1 year............................ 100
6 months .......................... 75
3 " .................... . 40
One-Third Column, 1 year........................ 80
6 months .................... 40
3 months .................. 30
Quarter Column, 1 year ........................... 75
" 6 months ... .................. 40
4" 3 months .................... 30
Three inches, 1 year ............................ 50
6 months ......................... 35
3 months........................ 25
Professional Cards, 1 inch, 1 year ............... 15
Rates for Transient Advertisements given at office.
OFFICIAL DIRETU'ORY OF MIONTANA
DELEGATE IN CONGRESS.
Hon. MARTIN MAGINNIS, Helena.
Office. Name. Residence.
Governor......... BENJ. F. POTTS,..........Helena.
secretary...........JAS. H. MILLS......Deer Lodge.
Chief Just'ce.. ..D. S. WADE..............Helena.
Eo. J. CONGER,..... Viriima City
.t ict . GALBRAITH, Deer Lodane
U. S. 'District Attorney, J. L. DRYDEN....... Helena
`U. S. M hr~Jh.1, ALEX. C. BOTKIN............ "
Su"rveyor General. .R. H. MASON.........Helena.
lRe.iiter Land Office, JAS. H. MOE...........
Receiver Land Office, F. P. STERLING......
(ol ecor Inte-rnal Revenue, T. P. FULLER...
Cukct.c or Cuitoma, T. A. CUMMII4GS....... Benton.
DrSTRICT ATTORNEYS AND CLEEK.,
First District, F. K. AR[MSTRONG........ Bozeman
Second District, ALEX. H. M AYHEW.... Deer Lodge.
Tlird Di.trict, T. J. LOWRY............... Helena.
Clerk 1st Dist. Court, THEO. MUFFLY.Virginia City.
Clerk 2d dist. co'rt, GEO. W. IRVINE, 2d, Deer Lodge
Clerk 3d Dist. Court, ALEX. H. BEATTIE.... Helena.
UNITED STATES ASSAY OFFICE.
Assahver. RUSSEL B. HARRISON ............Helena
Melter, M.. A. MEYENDORFF ............ Helens.
Auditor, JOSEPH P. WOOLMAN .............Helena.
Treasurer. D. H. WESTON ................Helena
Warden of Penitentiary. W. W. BOTKIN, Deer Lodge
Sup't Public Schools, W. EGBERT SMITH.... Butte.
Supreme Court Reporter, C. HEDGES... ....Helena.
Clerk Supreme Court, ISAAC R. ALDEN...... Helena.
UNITED STATES EXAMINING SURGEON.
W. R. BULLARD ...... ..... ............ Helena
BOZEMAN LAND DISTRICT.
Register, DAVIS WILLSON ................ Bozeman
Receiver, J. V. BOGERT .................Bozeman
H. P. ROLFE,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
(Associated with Sanders & Cullen.)
U. S. Deputy 1Mineral Surveyor.
Ten yeare' experience in goernment surveying. The
best instruments used. Coliections, insurance
min'ng, homestead and all land claims
OFFICE, NEAR WETZEL'S,
FR ONT7 STREEjT, FORIT BENTt7N.
JOHN W. TATTAN,
ATTORN EY ald COUNSELOR AT LAW
Ofice of the County Clerk,
FORT BENTON, - - - MONTANA.
J, A. aKANOUSE,
Attorney and Counselor at Law,
FORT BENTON, - - MONTANA.
NOTARY PUBLIC and JUSTICE OF THE PEACE.
Main St., bet. Baker and St. John.
JOHN W, DEWEY,
United States Dep. lMineral Surveyor
BEN'T'ON,. - I0I N"TANA.
CORNER MAIN AND GRAND STS.,
HELENA, LIn. T.
IZImmer & Wolpert, Prop'~r8.
NEW, NEAT AND FIRST-0LASS.
Board by the Week.......................... $6 00
Three Meal Tickets ... ...................1 00
Lodging............................. . . ... 50
A bar in connection with the house, where fine wines,
liquors and cigars are kept. The patronage of the
public is respectfully solicited.
Front Street, Fort Benton.
-: THE -
Finest Tonsorial Parlors
IN THE NORTHRWEST.
S ILTl I& SPALDING,
Messrs. Smith & Spalding respectfully inform the
citizens of Ienton that they have recent y bought out
Mr. Win. Foster, and assure the public a continuation
of the uniform skill and courteous attention which
is familiar to the babitues of the place.
Hot and Cold BSaths.
Main Street, Fort Benton.
ST. LOUIS BEEH,
Wines, Liquors & Cigars
THE SULTANA CIGAR,
All in full lines, and served in the very best style.
Corner Front and Benton Sts.
FORT BENTON, - 1IONTANA.
A CHOICE LOT OF
Whiskies, Wines ;and Cigars
ALWAYS ON HAND.
L. T, MARSHALL, Proprietor,
TheElite is the most popular resort in the upper part
of town. Drop nm and hanve a friendly chat
Fort Benton, M. T.
Beef, Mutton1 Pork, Fish1
GAME AND ICE.
JOHN J. KENNEDY, Propr'tor.
I will purchaes Beef and Stock Cattle, and am pre
pared to deliver them on board of steamboats at
Fort Benton, or at any other point on the
Missouri river, either by the head or
gross weight, at lowest rates.
YARD & FLANAGAN,
BOARD BY THE WEEK, $6.
Having one of the best of coolks, and under the super
vision of Mr. Yard, and buying the very best the
market affords, we can insure to the pub
lic entire satisfaction.
1IEALS AT ALL HOURS& OF TIf E
DAY OR NIGHT.
POLITE AND ATTENTIVE WATTERS.
We pay the top prices for Game, Poultry, and country
The rules presented by the Speaker in the
House of Commons to govern the conduct of
urgent business provide that when, in the
opinion of the Speaker, it is the general sense
of the House that any debate should close,
he is empowered to inform the House of his
opinion, whereupon a motion may be made
that the question be now put. Such motion
shall be at once put, and if carried be a vote
of three to one, then a division on the main
question shall be immediately taken.
Otherrulesare: That speeches on motions
for adjournment of the debate shall be con
fined strictly to the subject of adjournment;
that the Speaker may decline to put motions
for adjournment if he considers they are pro
posed for the purpose of obstruction; that no
member can move or support a motion for
adjournment more than once at a debate.
The Speaker may direct any member to dis
continue his speech if irrelevant or consist
ing of tedious repetitions. No discussion
shall be taken on a motion that the Speaker
do leave the chair. The Speaker may order
a division by rising and sitting, avoiding the
delay of the present system.
[ Whittaker Court flartial.
NIEW YORK, February 10.-In the Whit
taker court martial to-day, Lieut. Walter M.
Dickinson, on duty when Whittaker was
found tied, gave in detail the action taken by
the officers of the post. Witness said that if
he had a comb and a pair of scissors he
could have cut his own hair in the same man
ner in which Whittaker's was clipped. He
believed Whittaker did the act himself.
The judge advocate desired to offer the
evidence before the court of inquiry by Whit
taker, but Governor Chamberlain objected on
the ground that the admission of such evi
dence would be detrimental to his client, and
contrary to army regulations. Pending the
argument the court adjourned.
An Inandation Averted.
CISELANvD. February 10;.-A disastrous
inundation threatened ..ebut wS aerted by
firing a shell froni a cannon :into the ice
gorge and breaking it up.:
THE THIRD HOUSE.
By Which is not Meant the Lobby, but
W. S. Wetzel,
The firm of W. S. Wetzel & Co., as it was
termed until a few months ago, but now con
troled alone by Mr. Wetzal, was the third to
establish itself in Benton. Mr. Wetzel came
to Montana in 1866, and has been identified
with the fortunes of this town almost ex :lu
sively since that date. He is, perhaps, the
most notable instance among our business
men of what a man can accomplish without
other capital than a keen business insight and
perseverance and pluck, and the history of
this house, in its varied, but finally success
ful fortunes, is an interesting chapter in the
history of the town.
It was in 1868 that Mr. Wetzel opened in
business here, with a smallistock of general
merchandise, consisting, in iAhe main, of the
goods required in the Indian and fur trade,
which at that date was the almost exclusive
resource of the merchants hereabouts. He
t intiauedl alone in the business for twoyears,
and during that time had made considerable
headway, but not without incurring the je?!
ousy and liosti4e competition from the houses
which had.been previously established.
The way of the new house was not easy,
for its rivals, knowing of its then somewhat
weak condition, adopted a&policy towards it
which all but accomplished its overthrow.
Several episodes occurred in this connection
which would make interesting reading, but
"old timers" know all about them, and the
new-comers care little for the recital of pri
vate business rivalries which time has almost
obliterated, and over which the principal ac
tors have long ago smoked he pipe of peace
and pledged eternal friendship over and over
again with old wines both red and pale. 'Tis
only the way of the world, these business
- strivings, and no one should find fault with
them either, for it is by th ceaseless rubbing
of diamond against diamond that the polished
stone is cut from lusterless. -crudeness.
It was in 1870 that Mr.-J. D. Weatherwax
became associated with Mr. Wetzel in the
business, since which tire a smile that is
childlike and bland has haunted the marts of
Benton, and many of the ways that are dark
which have several times haunted the dreams
of the trader have been illumined by his
honest countenance. And several times, by
some peculiar and unlooked-for move, he has
shown them that sCme <: may be done as
well as others.
Perhaps it would be difficult to find a team
better matched for the elements of business
- success that the Messrs. Wetzel and Weather
wax, for if it were possible to find harder
conditions to make success than have been
met by these gentlemen, we have not heard
At this time it was all up-hill work, and
capital limited, and it required a great
, amount of "sand" to keep afloat. Buffalo
* were the staple, and required cash or its
equivalent in goods, for Indians did not un
derstand the credit business. Sometimes
3 they would accept tickets in lieu of goods
f which were a check on the firm for a given
a amount in the future, but usually they came
a from great distances, and such a medium of
,exchange was useless to them when away
B from the immediate vicinity of the town.
a Business grew, and their operations ex
a tended consideral ly to the north, which was
e an inviting field for the class of trade they
a were engaged in, and the firm grew in favor
as it became known for the honorable and
B straightforward management which has
- raised it to a front rank among the business
; enterprises of Montana. There was little of
5 change to note until 1875, when the fur and
- robe trade began to decline, and they were
obliged, like the others, to change their ways
r to meet conditions which were irresistibly
changing the face of the country and which
- can never return. The buffalo and the In
- dian were going, and must soon disappear
r So the robe business was gradually drop
r ped, and trade was developed among the
Swhites, who were coming in. Considerable
of this trade was in wholesale lots, to small
itinerant traders, and the rest was divided
among freighters, miners, and stock men.
Since the country began to develop the
- business has rapidly grown and at present is
the most perfect retail establishment in this
section, and perhaps the most profitable. It
has done much for the town, and none have
shown more public spirit and faith in its fu
Their wholesale business has also grown
into good proportions, and in addition they
do a considerable storage and forwarding
business, which has grown and will expand
as the business by the river increases.
Mr,. Weatherwax continued with the firm
until April 1880, when he withdrew, and has
Ssince been teaching the short horn how to
grow, and developing hisenergies on a fine
ranch, and taking a hand in politics, and, in
fact, making himself generally useful. The
business is now carried on by W. 8. Wetzel
alone. IThere are no branches to the house,
all being concentrated here, and which makes
it more :profitable and more easily managed
than where they: are scattered over a wide
extent of territory, and in the hands of agents i
who, however thorough, cannot give that
service to business which they could if it
were concentrated. It is the only exclusively
Benton house doing business in wholesale
Last year their sales amounted to $150,000,
and the shipments for their trade alone t
amounted to 250 tons-a- showing of which
Mr. Wetzel has reason to be proud, when it
is considered that he began with nothing and
worked against such obstacles as were
thrown in his way in the early years of his
The firm have bought, sold and improved
more real estate than any firm in Benton,
and besides store Pbuildings and warehouses
for their own occupancy, they have several
stores, warehouses and dwellings which they
rent. They are wholesale and retail dealers
in groceries, dry goods, clothing, liquors,
hardware, etc., and the fancy grocery depart
ment, especially, is the finest in this section
of the Territory.
All of this buriness, property and prosper
ity is glue to close attention to a legitimate
business, and an untarnished reputation for
promptness and square dealing.
NOTES OF NEWS,
Over 18,000 cattle have been lost by floods
in the province of Seville.
Conkling begins to evince a disposition to
be friendly with the personal friends of Gar
The expenditures on the Brooklyn bridge
since its commencement have been over $12,
Mr. Loveland has been superseded as
President of the Colorado Central by Sidney
Floods are reported in Southern Illinois.
Bridges have been destroyed and other dam
The stalwarts of late make no complaint
about Blaine's probable power in the new
The distress is so great among the Ural
tribes that they are selling male children for
grain, and leaving girls to perish.
Mr. Vennor denies that he ever said a word
about eleven feet of snow, and adds that
"nobody but a fool would predict the amount
of snow to fall on a given date."
The North German Gazette makes a vio
lent attack on Gambetta, accusing him of at
tempting to drag France into a warlike
A resolution has been passed declaring that
in view of the importance of securing the
sympathy of the Americans and of the Irish
in America, Parnell be requested to proceed
immediately to America.
A Sioux, who followed Sitting Bull across
the line, says the latter is now safe at Woody
Mountain with 300 persons. That part of
the country has no buffalo, and starvation
awaits the hostiles.
William F. Dalrymple, of the famous grain
farm in Dakota, says that the clear profit for
1880 was over $250,000. Hle raised more
than 500,000 bushels of wheat on 24,000
acres, and sold it in Buffalo at a profit of fif
ty cents per bushel.
Dispatches from Boise City, Idaho, say
that the rains this season have been frequent
and heavy in that country, but the weather
has now cleared up. The bridges on all the
stage roads have been washed away and
much damage has been done to the valley
Major Ilges sent companies A and C, 5th
Infantry, over to the Yanktonnais' camp and
picked up 100 hostile Sioux, who were sub
sisting on agency rations, making a total cap
ture or surrender of 900. Ilges expects to
reach Buford by Sunday evening.
Col. Gair says that of all the cities he has
ever visited, Carson is the only one that can
beat Constantinople for dogs. Dogs are so
thick on Carson streets that they obstruct the
sidewalk, and at night one cannot turn a cor
ner on the back streets without being assailed
by the yelps of a pack of curs.
A democratic banquet commemorating the
proclamation of the Republic in 1873 was
held at Madrid, February 11. No attempt
was made to interrupt the banquet until a rev
olutionary toast was proposed, whereupon a
Government commissary requested the
guests to disperse. Two arrests were made.
Archibald & Schurneir's linseed old works,
at St. Paul, Eebruary 10, were burned, the
loss amounting to $20,000. Supt. John Muir
and a laborer were killed by theterrific ex
plosion caused by the fire. The loss on the
building, destroyed by this fire and explosion,
will amount to $18,000 and on the stock
nearly $100,000. Insurance $20,000.
The New Orlean's special says: The dam
age caused by the storm of February 10th,
along the Mississippi Sound, from Pascagou
la to St. Louis Bay, will amount to $100;000.
The portions of this city which are inundated
cover about five square miles and contain
probably 50,000 inhabitants. In many places
the water is three or four feet deep, and in 1
low, one-story houses: everyth..ing is washed i
out,. The water in the blake is iowring, and i
by morning will doubtless be receding at all
The steamship Great Eastern, launched in
November, 1856, has it is said, cost to date
$25,000,000, and has not paid one quarter of
that sum to her owners, and she has gained
such a name for ill-luck that sailors refuse
to ship in her. The only paying scheme she
was ever in was the laying of the Atlantic
cable in 1804. Brunel, her planner, is long
Blair introduced into the Senate a joint
resolution proposing an amendment to the
Constitution. It prohibits after 1900 the
manufacture or sale anywhere within the
United States distilled alcohol and intoxicat
ing liquors, or any intoxicating liquors mixed
or adulterated with ardent spirits, by any
person whatever except for 'medicinal, me
chanical, chemical, and scientific purposes.
A terrible and fatal accident occurred ten
miles northwest of Owenco, on the evening
of the 9th inst. A construction train on the
Ohio and Missouti railroad was backing to
wards Oweno at the rate of about twelve
miles an hour, in order to give the passenger
train free passage northwest. The workmen.
on the train had been laying new rails and
taking up the old ones, and Ltad a fiat car full
of iron just in front of the caboose. Twenty
five or thirty workmen were crowded into the
caboose. The passenger train was coming at
unusual speed in order to make up lost time
and the two collided with a fearful shock.
The engine of the passenger train tore through
the caboose, pushing its occupants among the
masses of iron on the flat car, killing three
THE IRISH TROUBLES.
Important Documents Said to Have
NEW YORK, February 12.-The World's
London special says: It is now asserted that
last night's rumor of the arrest of Parnell,
though not founded on fact, is believed to
have its origin in the announcement that when
the aims and purposes of the Land League
r were made public the leading members would
probably be arrested. It was also said that
I publicity would soon be given to all the se
t crets of the Land League. In consequence of
t this, London is again agitated with the wild
est rumors, and even though the December
expectation of a bloody Christmas was hap
pily disappointed, the prophets are again pre
dicting an active and sanguinary conflict.
The story now current is that the govern
ment has intercepted Land League corres
pondence and opened many of its letters.
In political circles there is intense excite
ment and it is freely asserted that schemes
fraught with the greatest danger to the peace
of the country have been discovered. A
most important document is said to have been
found in the possession of Michael Davitt
Sjust before he was arrested in Dublin, and
which it is now asserted led to the cancella
tion of his ticket-of-leave and subsequent
1 commitment to Portland prison. This docu
ment, acccording to rumor, criminates some
Sof the most prominent persons in the present
agitation, and politicians say that Parnell
exhibits his sense of its importance to the
government by his remaining in Paris,
where he is to be joined by Dillon to-mor
A meeting of the leaders of the League is
Sto be held in this city next Monday, after
which, it is understood, Parnell will sail di
Srect from France to the United States.
Dillon, speaking at Manchester, said that
if Englishmen did not quickly change their
temper toward the Irish, they-the Irish
would indeed be dogs and slaves if they did
not long for the day when they could join the
SUnited States. He said that within a month
Parnell would stand in Congress at Washing
ton, an honored and welcome spokesman of
, Smypathy For Ireland.
BOSTOi, February 11.-Faneuil Hall was
crowded to its utmost capacity to-night, to
lexpress sympathy with Ireland. Mayor
Prince presided. Wendell Phillips and Gen.
t Butler were among the speakers, and advo
cated giving moral and financial support to
| the people of Ireland in their present strug
gle. Gov. Long in a letter expressed sym
pathy for the cause of the Irish people so
long as they seek within constitutional lines
and the legitimste methods to secure their
political and social welfare.
Letters were also received from Governor
Rice and others. Resolutions were passed
calling upon the people of Ireland to hold up
to their purposes of reform and allow noth
ng to drive them to violence for which they
are not prepared.
HALIAX, February 10.-Professor ,Hind
said that from 1871, just after the treaty of
Washingtonwas sigaed, to 1877, when the
award of the Halifax commission was made,
the Canadian trade returns were not worth
the paper they were prited on. They are
deludng, insulting, vile and criminally false.