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THE R IVER P ESS.
oFr ennaa Wdea, Fbur.,18
Vol. I. Fort Benton, Montana, Wed esday, February £8, lS8l. No. 18.
• a ' i - iialiil ng i all m m l R i I I Il_ in n~i a a• •In li i nilnllm •a a alml alu el •- - • ai-~ pi .. ea Inn - ian
WILLIAMS, WRIGHT & STEVENS,
PUBLISHERS AND PROPRIETORS.
Terms, ..........................$5.00 per Year.
RATES OF ADVERTISING:
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Professional Cards, 1 inch, 1 year ................. 15
Rates for Transient Advertisements given at office.
OFFICIAL DIRECTORY OF MONTANA
DELEGATE IN CONGRESS.
Hon. MARTIN MAGINNIS, Helena.
Office. Name. Residence.
G }vernor.......... BENJ. F. POTTS,.......... Helena.
secretary..........JAS. H. MILLS......Deer Lodge.
Chief Justice.. ..D. S. WADE........... .Helens.
Associate Jstices E E. J. CONGER .....Virgima City
A~ociate Justices W. J. GALBRAITH, Deer Lodge
U. S. District Attorney, J. L. DRYDEN.......Helena
U. S. Marshal, ALEX. C. BOTKIN.............
Surveyor General..R. H. MASON............Helena.
Register Land Office, JAS. H. MOE...........
Receiver Land Office, F. P. STERLING...... "
Collector Internal Revenue, T. P. FULLER... "
Collector Customs, T. A. CUMMINGS....... Benton.
DrSTRICT ATTORNEYS AND CLERKE,
First District, F. K. ARMSTRONG........ Bozeman
Second District, ALEX. H. MAYHEW....Deer Lodge.
Third District, T. J. LOWRY................ Helena.
Clerk 1st DiRt. Court. THEO. MUF'LY.Virginia City.
Clerk 2d diet, co'rt, GEO. W. IRVINE, 2d, Deer Lodge
Clerk 3d Dist. Court, ALEX. H. BEATTIE.... Helena.
UNITED STATES ASSAY OFFICE.
Assayer, RUSSEL B. HARRISON ............. Helena
Melter, M. A. MEYENDORFF.......... .....Helena.
Auditor, JOSEPH P. WOOLMAN.............Helena.
Treasurer. D. H. WESTON....................Helena.
Warden of Penitentiary, W. W. BOTKIN, Deer Lodge
Sup't Public Schools, W. EGBERT SMITH.... Butte.
Supreme Court Reporter, C. HEDGES... .... Helena.
Clerk Supreme Court, ISAAC R. ALDEN.......Helena.
UNITED STATES EXAMINING SURGEON.
W. R. BULLARD...... .................... Felena
BOZEMAN LAND DISTRICT.
Register,DAVIS WILLSON .............. Bozeman
Receiver, J. V. BOGERT ................ Bozeman
H. P. ROLFE,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
(Auso(iated with Sanders & Cullen.)
U. S. Deputy Mlineral Surveyor.
Tln ycar-' experience in government surveying. The
best instruments used. Collections, insurance
mnining, homestead and all land claims
OFFICE, NEAR WETZEL'S,
FR(L(NT'' STREET, FORT BENTON.
JOHN W. TATTAN,
ATTORNEY aal C IUNSELOR AT LAW
Office of the County Clerk,
FO1RT BENTON, - - - MONTANA.
J . A KANOUSE,
Attorney and Counselor at Law,
FORT BENTON, - - MONTANA.
NOTARY PUBLIC and JUSTICE OF THE PEA CE.
Main St., bet. Baker and St. John.
JOHN W, DEWEY,
United States Dep. Mineral Surveyor
BIiENTON, - I.ION TANA.
CORIVER MAAIV AND GRAND STS.,
IRELE1ENA, IL. T.
Zirnmmer & Wolpert, Prop'rs.
S NEW, NEAT AND FIRST-0LASS.
Board by the Week.... .....................$6 00
Three Meal Tickets .... ............ ....... 1 00
Lodging..... ......... ................... 50
A bar in connection with the house, where fine wines,
liquors and cigars are kept. The patronage of the
public is respectfully solicited.
Front Street, Fort Benton.
-: THE -
Finest Tonsorial Parlors
IN THE NORTHWEST.
lMITH & SPALDING,
Me.srs. Smith & Spalding respectfully inform the
"citiztns of Benton that they have receut'y bought out
-ir. Win. Foster, and assure the public a continuation
of the uniform skill and courteousne attention which
ii familiar to the babitues of the place.
Hot and Cold Baths. I
T. E. COLLINs, L. . HERSHFIE LD
CHAs. E. DUER, A. HERSUFIELD,
Fort Benton. Helena.
1 Transact a General Banking
Keep current accounts with merchants, stock men
and others, subject to be drawn against by
checks without notice.
. PAY iNTEREST on TIME DEPOSITS
We buy and sell Exchange on the commercial centers
of the United States.
WE WILL GIVE SPECIAL ATTENTION TO THE
on. BUSINESS OF NORTHERN AND CENTRAL
ge. And will make such loans to stock men and farmers
na. as are suited to their requirements.
Aa Local Securities a Specialty.
Collections and all other business entrusted to us wil
receive prompt and careful attention.
na COLLINS, DUER & CO.
ite. RECORD BUILDING. FORT BENTON, M. T.
a. To the Farmers of Choteau Connty.
na The coming season I will have three threshing ma
chines in operation, one a steam thresher of unlimited
capacity, so as to get their work done at an early per
iod, and not to be caught in the snow,
tan W. O. DEXTER.
- A CARD.
The complete aod permanent cure of all forms of
HERNIA or RUPTURE, by a New and Simple Pro
cess, entirely FREE FROM DANGER OR PAIN, and
avoiding the Old Cutting Operation. For informa
tion address DR COLE,
Box 122. Helena, Montana.
he nnterPr nand; ti1:onBt·.
FORT BENTON, - IYIONTANA.
A CHOICE LOT OF
Whiskies, Wines and Cigars
ALWAYS ON HAND.
L. T. MARSHALL, Proprietor.
TheElite is the most popular resort in the upper part
of town. Drop in and have a friendly chat
CENTRE MARKE T,
Fort Benton, M. T.
Beef, Mutton, Pork, Fish,
SG-AME AND ICE.
JOHN J. KENNEDY, Propr'tor.
I will purchaes Beef and Stock Cattle, and am pre
pared to deliver them on board of steamboats at
- Fort Benton, or at any other point on the
Missouri river, either by the head or
gross weight, at lowest rates.
SYARD & FLANAGAN,
- BOARD BY THE WEEK, $6.
Ha) ving one of the best of cooks, and under the super
vision of Mr. Yard, and buying the very best the,
market affdrds, we can insure to the pub
lic entire satisfaction.
l1EALS AT ALL HIOURS OF THE
DAY OR NIGHT.
POLITE AND ATTENTIVE WAITERS. t
We pay the top prices for Game, Poultry, and country
Maitn Street, Fort .Benton. C
ST. LOUIS BEER, 1
Wines, Liquors & Cigalgrs
TIE SULTANA .IGAR, e
I All in full lines, ..and .se.in the very bei. t tyle. .
;';` ~... . :
D A SPECIMEN OF RAPID GROWTH.
Four Years of Enterp iss and Business
Tact Making a Heavy and Success
ful Commercial Venture.
The widely known and extensive mercan
tile house of Murphy, Neel & "Co. began in
business here in 1876, which makes five ex
tensive houses which thatifirm have in the
various large cities of the Territory. It was
removed to this point pom Carroll when it
was becoming evident that~ Benton had a fu
ture before it which every indication fore
Sshadowed would be prosperons and brilliant;
for the country was beginning to settle up
with white people whose attrntion was only
just beginning to be drawn to Montana as a
n place for homes, and not aimere refuge for
traders without !commerce- ad hunters for
precious metals which wete scattered here
and there through the Territory. The fugi
tive aspect of things was chaging, the Indian
.was being gradually pushed urther and fur
ther from a refuge which seemed to be his
T last, and trade built upon' th r simple wants
and rude merchandise gave p hope of ever
brightening into life again. Therefore it was
E with no hope of immediate reward that this
firm added another to their aleady numerous
establishments, but with a faith, which the
event has justified, that here was one of those
a points of which the natural advantages were
among the things lasting, and certain of great
The business was then in charge of Mr. W.
H. Todd, who has ever since managed it,
and who last year was admitted into a part
nership in the Benton branch. The building
which they have just vacated was rented of
W. S. Wetzel & Co., and shortly afterward,
when it became evident that the venture was
not a mistake, it was purchased, and several
important additions were made from time to
time as the business grew upon them, among
which was a warehouse on the same lot be
hind the store.
In 1877 they bought the levee property in
block 2, and erected thereon the first levee
f warehouse in Benton, which dimensions are
25x100, for the receipt and safety of their
forwarding interests, which were large and
rapidly growing. In that year they handled
all the got.t, tcame through the old
oDiamond "~4I ; ~s well as all those for
Murphy, Neel & Co, branch'iq aes in the
interi r: In 8'78 the i bo Iiih other levee.
property in block 3, and erected an additional
fireproof, iron-roofed warehouse, 40x120 feet
in dimensions. In the spring of 1880 they
purchased the propertyon the corner of
Front and Benton streets, which runs through
to Main street and has an area of 78x250 feet,
and proceeded to erect the new building
they occupy to-day.
The parent house has been in existence in
Helena since 1865, when the firm was Tutt,
Murphy & Neel, but was soon afterwards
changed by the retirement of Mr. Tutt, since
which the style has been Murphy, Neel & Co.
The connections of the house are at Helena,
Deer Lodge, Butte and Benton. The first is
Murphy, Neel & Co.; at Deer Lodge, it is
Murphy, Higgins & Co.; at Butte, it is John
Caplice & Co., and at Benton is the original "
name. All the branches are among the very
first mercantile houses in Montana, and in
the various locations are noted for their pub
lic spirit and enterprise.
Last year there were received 500 tons of
freight for their Benton house alone, which
is a very flattering increase for a four years' r
Among the improvements which they add
ed to their old property was the putting in of
a force-pump and 300 feet of hose, which e
requires twelve men to operate, and which t
has a throwing capacity about equal to
a hand fire engine. It proved effective in c
the only emergency which has occurred in 4
the upper end of town, and has shown a t
usefulness which .should be generally fol- U
It was in the spring of 1880 that the firm ti
decided to build the new store which has just I
been completed and entered. To this meas- )
ure they were absolutely driven by the great ii
increase in their business, and the diversity c
of the lines they carried, the old quarters be
ing so contracted that it was impossible to do
business longer in them, or make any display
of their large stock of goods. The building
is of brick, and the area on the ground is
44x125 feet. It is one story and basement,
but, notwithstanding this, it does not present
that low, squatty appearance which was an
ticipated by many before it was built. This
is due to artistic ornamentation of the win
dows, and the ornamentation above, and the
unusual height of the basement, which, for
all practical purposes, equals another iqtory.
The business room, as finished, is really mag- t
nificentin its proportions, in the arrangement di
of the light and the disposition of the long a
line of counters and ahelving, and it is in our
opinion the .handsomest business room in the g
Territory.- The basement is full size with
the building, 8 feet high in the clear, and has tlj
ten doublesash windows, admitting sificient in
light for a wholesale salesroom, and is paek- w
ed:to the ceiling with heavy merchandise, ez
with long alleys ftor passage between the in
boxes and bales of goods with which it is
filled; the floor is of brick, laid in sand, and
gs the cracks filled with stucco, and altogether
is admirably alapted to the purposes it was
intended for. The foundation walls are 2k
feet thick up to the surface of the ground,
.- where it is reduced to 2 feet. Above the
tn ground the walls are hol:ow, with a 4 inch
K- space and 20 inches of brick work. The
te roof is of iron and fireproof, while the floor
is in the upper room is laid double, making it
it extra strong and warm, and the entire struc
-. ture has been built in the most substantial
e- an'd finished manner. The walls are hard
t; finished and polished, and the wood work is
op f the best, and is all finished in the best
1y style. The openings on Front street consist
a of six arched doors in front and one at the
)r side, making seven in all. These doors are
)r filled with large double sash, and admit a
re splendid light, adding much to the effect giv
j. en by the elegant display of goods which fill
n the rows of shelves and counters extending
r- down the length of the room. At the rear
is of the building, on Benton street, are five
s office windows and doors, which serve to
or light the rear end of the room, which, alto
s gether, is the best lighted apartment in the
is Territory, considering its size. The artificial
s light is supplied from ten gilded chandeliers
with two lamps m each, and when viewed
e from either end of the room give (the pecu
re liar effect of great number due to foreshort
at ening. In the center of the room is a line of
pillars which support the ceiling and roof,
and on each side of them .are ranged a num
ber of tables filled with clothing, light hard
t_ ware, and the odds and ends that are re
g quired to be carried in this -western country
f to fill the multifarious requirements of con
sumers. In the dry goods department, which
, is at the left of the entrance, there are 114
al feet of continuous shelving, and on the gro
:o cery side, on the right, there are 72 feet of
g shelving in one string. There are 76 feet of
. closed counters on each side, all artistically
made and finely finished, making in all 152
feet of counters. In fact, the whole finish
,e and arrangement of the room is splendidly
e adapted for the requirements of their busi.
ir ness, and is a place of delectation to the eyes
d of customers, which is appreciated to the
d fullest extent.
d At the rear of the store is a yard devoted
r to the storage of wagons and agricultural
Le machinery, which goods are an important
e element of their business, and the q~tity of
1 this class of machinery sold in Benton is the
surest indication of the development of the
country that can be found.
f This firm deals in groceries, hardware, tin
h ware, dry goods, queensware, glassware,
clothing, boots and shoes, iron roofing, wire
fence, Schuttler wagons, spring wagons and
buggies, which they sell -in wholesale and
n retail quantities.
Taken all in all, the growth and success of
this house has been marvelously rapid, and
has fully Justified a venture that was re
garded at the opening of the enterprise as
hazardous and premature.
NOTES OF NEWS,
n The Albanian league has offered the Porte
.1 30,000 men, in the event of war.
V Royal assent has been given to the Canada
' Pacific railway bill and it is now a law.
The ditches near Caddow, Col., are filled
with dead cattle, owing to the cold weather.
The British Parliament is alarmed at the
,report that James Stephens, Fenian Headf
Center, has arrived at Paris.
Italy will participate in the International e
f Monetary Convention, and Premier Caroll
I expresses belief in the success of its delibera
· It is rumored that Secretary Schurz will be
, come editor of the St. Louis Times after the t
1 4th of March. Frank Bowman, who bought
the Times, on being interviewed, did not de- t
ny the rumor.
There are rumors of the consolidation of
Sthe Oregon Navigation Company and the
I Northern Pacific. The sudden rise in the
Northern Pacific common, and the advance
in its preferred stock is attributed to this
Parnell promised, on his return to Ireland, c
to send Victor Hugo a letter upon the politi- 9
cal situation in that country. Hugo said he
would reply to such a letter by a manifesto to
Europe in favor of the claims of Ireland. C
Rochefort publishes in the Intransigent e c
an account of his interview with Parnell,
who told Kiochefort one of the chief objects
of his journey is tocontradict in the French a
press all calumnies of the :-English press on
his cause and on his friends and himself.
Gladstone's Irish policy is becoming in
tensely unpopular in Ireland, and it is pre- P
dicted that the pr~eient administration will not b
survive the pacification of Ireland. Parnell's al
aversion to overt acts is causing him to lose di
ground with extremists of his own party.: A
The Greenbackers are working hard for in
the purpose of holding the balance of power e
in the next Hoiuse. e Weaver and Gfette, le
whose terms soon expire, will devote their d
insist that all Trenbackers warn votetogent r in
working apart from either party. The Re
publicans.lack one of the number necessary
to organiz-: the House, and the Greenbackers
will force the Democrats to join them.
The New York Post says the business men
of New York City are losing $10,000 per day
by not having the business streets cleaned.
One of the west districts in TiWest Ireland is
notorious as the scene of more than one scan
dalous Land League victory. Between twenty
or thirty village tyrants have quietly abscond
ed since the second reading of the act for the
protection of persons and property in the
Official dispatches from Poplar river and
Buford bring news of an extraordinary flood
of ice and water. The Indian camps were
flooded, and eight Indians and several hun
dred ponies drowned. Others escaped by
precipitate flight, losing their tepees and robes
in the river.
The sales of Northern Pacific railroad lands
in 1879, amounted to 161,104 acres and in
1880 to 727,743 acres. All indications point
to a larger purchase of farms on the line of
the road this year than ever before, and to an
unprecedented immigration which will com
mence with the earliest opening of spring
The members of the German Parliament
are divided into the following factions: Con
servatives 59, Imperialists 58, National Liber
als 51, Secessionists under Herr Forecken
beck 7, Liberals of the Right 15, Progress
ionists 27, Centre or Clerical 101, Poles 14,
Social Democrats 10, Independents, includ
ing those from Als ice and Lorraine, 54.
Jay Gould has obtained control of the New
Jersey Central railroad, which will be opened
to Birmingham and consolidated with the
Lackawana. The latter is owned by Gould
and will be pushed through to Buffalo and
advantage will be taken of the new line from
Cleveland to Chicago to get into the latter
city by building a short line from Buffalo to
Leading Republicans say there is no longer
any doubt as to the position of Senator Ma
hone, and he will vote with the Republicans
to organize the Senate. He has written a
Republican Senator to select him a seat, and
one has been chosen for him on the Repub
lican side of the chamber. He repudiates
the action of the Democrats in assigning him
a seat on their, side.
-'The President has withdrawn tli.'iomina
tion of Forster for United States District At
torney at New York City, and stated that E.
F. Shepherd, a Conkling man, would be
nominated. This it is said will weaken the
opposition to Stanley Mathews and improve
his chances of confirmation, and it is said
that the administration will discontinue its
attacks on Conkling.
The pedestrian tournament, to begivan un
der the management of Daniel O'Leary in
Chicago, commencing April 25th, promises
to be one of the best Chicago has ever had.
The prizes offered are $1,000, $700 $400,
$200 and $100. In addition, the Sve prin
cipal contestants will receive 50 per cent. of
all the receipts over $5,000, which will be
divided amongst them in proportion.
The sundry civil bill, wh:ch has been sent
to the printer by the committee, provides for
participation by the United States in the In
ternational Monetary Conference, $950,000
for the National soldiers' home, $522,000
for the coast and geodetic survey, . $10,000
for completing the census, $2,375,000 for
United States courts-salaries, fees, prison
ers, etc., $1,700,000 for public printing.
Parnell addressed 15,000 people at Claro,
King's county the 18th inst. He was received
with great enthusiasm by large crowds at the
railroad stations, on his route. He advised
the people, especially the tenants, to remain
firm, and congratulated himself on having by
the obstruction in Parliament prevented a
suspension of the habeas corpus. A Catholic
Priest presided and the stars and stripes
waved over him.
The assay commissioners, who have been
engaged in the United States Mint, at Phila
delphia, for several days in testing the coin
age of the various mints of the country, have
completed their work and will report the re
sult of the test to the President in a few days.
It is understood that certain defects were dis
covered in the coinage executed at the Carson
City mint, but that none of this defective
coinage hasbeen put in circulation.
Advices from Leadville report that a sav
age and bloody fight has taken place between
two companies of men over the Washington
mine. Several shots were fired and the dam
age is supposed to be considerable. Dan
Hanly is the leader of one party and Jno. S.
Wheeler of the other. The mine is rich and
both parties claim it. At Eureka, Nevada,
also, a irich ore body has been discovered of
:disputed ground, between the Richmond and
A!bion mines, and an old-fashiioiid fight is
;i.mainent between the two. Eachhas resort-..
ed to smoking out workmen on the lower
levels, so that both mines are virtually aban
doned. The law see:ms to be regarded as in
adequate for the protection of property rights
in valuable toiwn.