Newspaper Page Text
Vol, I. Fort Benton, Montana, Wednesday, March 9, 1881. No. 20.
WILLIAMS, WRIGHT & STEVENS,
PUBLISHERS AND PROPRIETORS.
Terms, .................. .......$5.00 per Year.
RATES OF ADVERTISING:
One Coitumn , 1 year ...............................175
" "6 months........................... 100
" 3 . " ............................ 75
Half Column, 1 year ............................ 100
6 m onths .......................... 15
S 3 " ..................... .... 40
One-Third Column, 1 year........................ 80
6 months .................. 40
3 months ............... ... 30
Quarter Column, 1 year......................... 75
t6 months ... ................... 40
3 months ...................... 30
Three inches, 1 year ............................ 50
S 6 months ......................... 35
" months.......................... 25
Professional Cards, 1 inch, 1 year ............... 15
.Rates for Transient Advertisements given at office.
. --.. ~ ~ ~ ~ - -- - - ... . .. . .. ....
H. P. ROLFE,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
(Associated with Sanders ,& Cullen.)
U. S. Deputy Mineral Surveyor.
Ten years' experience in government surve; ing. The
best in-t uinents used. Collections, insurance
nmii'ng, homestead and all land claims
OFFICE, NEAR WETZEL'S,
FRONT STR'EElT, FORT BENTON.
JOHN W. TATTAN,
ATTORNEY and ClUNSELOR AT LAW
Office of the County Clerk,
FORT BENTON, - - - MONTANA.
J. A. KANOUSE,
Attorney and Counselor at Law,
FORT BENTON, - - MONTANA.
NOTARY PUBLIC and JUSTICE OF THE PEACE.
Main St., bet. Baker and St. John.
JOHN W. DEWEY,
United States Dep. Mineral Surveyor
IENIT'ON.. - ~.ONl TANA.
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
FT. BEN TON, MP. T.
WdXi practice in all the Courts of the Territory. Spe
cii. attention given to criminal practice.
The complete aod permanent cure of all forms of
11ERNIA or RUPTURE, by a New and Simple Pro
cess, entirely FREE FROM DANGER OR PAIN, and
avoiding the Old Cutting Operation. For informa
tion address DR. COLE,
Box t122. Helena, Montana.
T. E. COLLINS, L. H. IIERSIIFIELD,
C1AP. E. DUER, A. HEH8HfIELD,'
IFort Benton. Helna."
Transact a General Banking
Keep current accounts with merchants, stock men
and others, subject to be drawn againstr, by
checks without notice.
PAY iNTEREST on TIME DEPOSITS
We buy and sell Exchange on the commercial centers
of the United States.
WE WILL GIVE SPECIAL ATTENTION TO THE
BUSINESS OF NORTHIIERN AND CENTRAL
And will make such loans to stock men and farmers
as are suited to their requirements.
Local Securities a Specialty,
Collections and all other business entrusted to us wil
receive prompt and careful attention.
COLLINS, DUER & CO.
RECORD BUILDINGr,. FORT BENTON, M. T.
FOR PARTIES, ETC.
Messrs. Wilton and Marshall respectfully inform the
citizens of Benton and the adjoining sections that
they have consolidated their string bands and
are now prepared to furnish first class
music at reasonable rates for
BALL, PARTIES, THEATRES, ETA
IN BENTON AND VICINITY.
OULBERTSON & MILLS,
NEW AND C OFORTABLE ROOMS
With or without fire. The house hai been recently
enlarged and new sleeping rooms ad red. Board
by the day or week. Special rates given
Passeng er.. on Coaches wisntsng to Stop
at thits House will please inktflorm
Corner Front and Benton Sts.
FORT .RENTON, - I .1ONTANA.
A CHOICE LOT OF
Whiskies, Wines and Cigars
ALWAYS ON HAND.
L. T. MARSHALL, Proprietor.
TheEliti is the most popular resort in the upper part
of town. Drop in and have a friendly chat
Front Street, Fort Benton.
Choicest Wines and Liquors,
J. J. MURPHY, Proprietor.
HEAD OF BOND STREET,
FT. HBENTON, I O1NTANA.
Fort Benton, MI. T.
Beef, Mutton, Pork, Fish,
GAMIE AND ICE.
JOHN J. KENNEDY, Propr'tor.
I will purchaes Beef and Stock Cattle, and am pre
pared to deliver them on board of steamboats at
Fort Benton, or at any other point on the
Missouri river, either by the head or
gross weight, at lowest rates.
NOTICE OF FINAL EN IfRY.
U. S. LAND OFFICE.
HELENA, M. T., February 25, 1881.
Notice is hereby given that the following named
settler has filed notice of his apulication to make final
proof in support of his claim and secure final entry
thereof, and that said proof will be made before Alex.
H. Beattie, Clerk of the 3d Judicial District Court of
Montana, at Ft. Benton, Choteau county, M.T., on
Friday, the 5th day of April, 1881, viz James Fitzger
ald, Declaratory statement No. 3560 for the southwest
quarter of the southwest quarter of sec. 23, the south
east quarter of the southeast quarter of sec. 22. and
the east half of the northeast quarter of section No.
27, township No. 24, north of range No. 8 east, and he
names the following witnesses to prove his continu
ous residence upon, and cultivation of said tracts, viz:
Johu Madden, Patrick Whalen, William W. Austin
and Wiliiam Mcllhenney.
J. H. MOE, Register.
NOTICE OF FINAL ENTRY.
LaND OFFICE AT HELENA, M.T., 1
Feb. 14, 1881. f
Notice is hereby given that the following named
settlers have filednotice of their intention to make final
proof in support of their claim and secure final entry
thereof, and that said proof will be made before the
Register and Receiver of the U. S. Land Office at
Belena. E. T on Tuesday, the 22nd day of March, A,
D. 1881, viz: James 0, Adams, Homestead Entry No.
477, for the S half of S E quarter and the S half of S
W quarter of section 25, township 21 1, range 1 W,
and he names the following witnesses to prove his
continued residence upon and cultivation of said tract,
viz : Joseph L, Largent, John Kerler, Charles Drew
and Charles E. Zook, all of Sun River, Lewis and
Clarke County, tL T. And Charles G. Holt, pre-emp
tiondeclatorystatement, No. 8889, for the N W'quarter
of N E quarter, section 19, S BE quarter of S W quarter,
and the8 W quarter of $ E quarter and lot5 of section
18 and lot 8 of section 17, township 19 N, range 2 east,
anil he names the following witnesses to prove his
continuous residence upon and cultivation of saidi
tract, viz: Joseph L. Largent, William C. Zook, John
Kerler and Charles Drew, all of Sun River, Lewis
and Clarke County, M. T. J. H. MOE, Register.
Proposalsfor are of Poor.
QEALED PROPOSALS for the care,: supprt, nurs
fing and ma ntenance :o the .ickpoo~l and ininrm of
ChoteaU County, M. T., per capita. by the week, for
one Year, wilt he received atbhe otce f the Clerk of
the Board of County Commii soners, until March l.th,!
A. D., ~881. JN. W. TA.TA,:; Clerk of Board :
NOTES OF NEWS,
The state grange of Indiana demands that
the agricultural bureau be raised to a cabinet
portfolio, and that a national railway ltw be
enacte i, t3 prohibit discrimination in
A dispatch from Victoria says: The Cath
olic Bishops of the province have petitioned
the Legislature protesting against seculiar ed
ucation and asking that the same liberality
be pursued towards them in educational mat
ters as is observed toward the Protestant uni
versity in Quebec.
The Greek governmcnnt is informed that
4,000 Turkish troops have been dispatched
from Jania to attack the revolted Albanians.
It is said that the Porte is much exercised at
the aspect of Albanian affairs, and is conse
quently inclined to settle the Greek question.
The steamer Su Itana, from Hamburg for
the United States, with 100 emigrants, was
run into and sunk by a steamer in the Hum
ber. It is believed all were saved, but it is
not known yet.
News. from Cairo states that to the north
of Memphis, near Saggarab, two pyramids
have been discovered which were constructed
by the kings of the seventh dynasty, and the
rooms and passages of which are covered
with thousands of inscriptions. The discov
ery is said to be of great scientific importance.
The Westport branch of the Land League
passed a resolution regretting the violenje of
Dillon's late speech in the House of Com
mons. The Times says the Home rule mem
bers of Parliament held a conference, Parnell
presiding, at which was decided that a ma
jority of them shall return to Ireland, and on
Sunday, one week hence, address their con
stituents on the coerciop act. All the speeches
will be bold and outspoken.
THE BATTLE OF SPITZKOP.
Where the Boers Aanthillated the Brit
isl Arny Untter Colly.
Detaled accounts received render it certain
that the British were driven from Spitzkop
because they were fairly beaten. The fight
ended in a rout. The most moderate esti
mate places the loss at 800 killed and wound
ed. The correspondent with Colley's fcrces
at Spitzkop gives the: ° :ollowing account of
Spitzkop is 3,000t-Oards irom the Boers'
position. Two companies were left at the
base of the hill, and the remainder of the
troops toiled up the bill, which is very steep
and difficult of ascent, on their hands and
knees. It would have been impossible to
have carried up even mountain guns. Had
we had these the result might have been dif
ferent. The whole force reached the sum
mit before daylight, and about 5o'clock. The
Boers, who had no videttesposted, were com
pletely surprised, but promptly returned the
fire. Our men had little cover, and the num
ber of Boers at the base of the hill was about
two thousand. Up to midday their loss was
certainly heavier than ours. General Colley
was conspicuous for his coolness and courage
and kept ap a constant communication with
the camp by signal. Shortly after noon the
Boer fire, which had heretofore averaged
about fifty shots per minute, increased to a
terrific volley, which our men were unable
to withstand. They wavered and were ral
1e1, then wavered again and ran in a general
sauve qui peut. The Boers climbed to the
summit and followed them with a terrific fire
as they went down the other side.
The correspondent was captured by the
Boers, who treated him well and gave him a
pass to return to camp. He identified the
body of General Colley on the field.
Scenes in ,ne Senate lRoonas-General
The Senate met at 9 o'clock a. m., after
repeated but ineffectual efforts. The major
ity for an executive session, a sufficient num
ber of Republicans declining to answer upop
a yea and nay vote to enable the point to be
made, there was no quorum; took a recess
until 5:80, owing to the failure of a quorum
o appear at the hour appointed. The recess
was substantially prolonged until 10:30,
when a joint resolution offered by Butler for
one month's extra pay to the Senate officials
and employees, was briefly debated and
The Vice President announced the signing
of the enrolled Sundry Civil bill and the de
ficency appropriation bill.
A message was received and read from the
President transmitting the call for the Senate
in executive session, and also announcing the
resignation of Hon. Benjamin Harrison from
the Mississippi river improvement Commis
At 10:50 Major General Hancock, with
Colonel Mitchell, of his staff, under the es
cortlof Senator Blaine, entered from the
west door and was welcomed with longk con
t:anued applause from the galleries and the
floor. The first on the floor to greet him was
Senator Conkling, and the cordial hand
shaking by them :was repeated by all the
Senators present, :who pressed eagerly for
ward for that purpose, in the meanwhile the
applause of the galleries swelling to a tumult.
The distinguished visitors finally took a seat
t on the left of the chair.
t The arrival of Lieut. General Sheridan
e some moments later was the occasion for a
º renewal of the enthusiasm, though the dem
onstrition was devoid of the spirit and signifi
cance of that which preceded it. Later the
i Chief Justice and Associate Justices of the
- Supreme Court entered and were seated in
7 the space immediately in front and to the
right of the Vice President, the Senate in the
- meanwhile confining itself to half of the
semi-circle of seats to the left with members
t of the House. The Presidential procession,
1 headed by President Hayes and President
elect. Garfield, entered under the escort of
t Senators Pendleton, Anthony, Bayard and
others of the committee of arrangements,
and a few minutes later were followed by
r Vice President-elect Arthur who was then in
s troduced to the Senate by Vice President
- Wheeler and delivered the usual formal ad
· dress as follows:
SENATORS: -"I come as your presiding
officer with genuine solicitude.
"Remembering my inexperience in parlia
mentary proceedings I cannot forget how
important and intricate and very embarras
sing are the duties of the chairman. These
should in our official association invoke that
courtesy and kindness with which you have
been wont to aid your presiding officer. I
sha'l need your constant encouragement and
support, and I rely with confidence upon
your lenient judgment of any errors into
which I may fall, in return the promise of
my earnest purpose to administer your rules
in a spirit of resolute firmness, to treat every
1 Senator at all times with that courtesy and
justice due to Representatives of the States,
and to do my part as assuredly as each of
you does his, to maintain the order, decorum
and dignity of the Senate. I trust that the
official and personal relations upon which
we now enter, will be marked by mutual
confidence and regard, and that all our ob
ligations will be so fulfilled, as we are banded
to our own honor to the glory of our com
mon country and the prosperity of all its
t people." Applause.
I am ready to take the oath of office as
prescribed by the constitution.
s The oath of office was here administered
f the Vice President-elect.,,
Water 15 to 20 Inches Deep in the Town.
MILES CITY, M. T., March 2.
This day has been one of anxiety and ex
treme exertion for the citizens of this city,
and one long to be remembered. During
the mild weather for the last few days the
river subject has been first and foremost on
the iongue of every citizen. Our oldest resi
Sdents predicted the usual difficulty arising
Sfrom the opening of the Tongue and Yellow:
t stone rivers, and this day discloses to the
latest settlers the sequel and result of river
SAbout 7 o'clock this morning Tongue
river partially gave up its great burden of ice,
and it was thought by some that we would
escape the usual dangers of a spring break-up.
SAs the hour of noon gradually drew nigh we
were all startled by the intelligence received
that Tongue river was gorged three miles
1 above the city, and the water taking a north
Seasterly course, dirtect through the city. After
filling the lower lands the water raised through
the streets of the city gradually, until a depth
Sof 15 or twenty inches was reached on the
f level streets.
· By this time teams and conveyances of all
ainds were in demand. Boats were eventu
ally brought into use and the streets presented
a good illustration of a Venetian scene; boats
12 by 40 were used to convey families to
r places of safety and to transfer furniture,
Sgoods, etc., to more secure retreats. The
Snever failing kind attentions of Col. Whistler,
commanding officer at For: Keogh, were
Sours in this hour when we stood in great need
of succor and assistance. He has caused
Sthe loan of 4 large boats, fifteen wall tents
and the assistance of some of his men to aid
us. At the present writing everything is
I comparatively quiet and the water about sta
tionary, although another gorge some miles
in length is reported above us, likely to give
way at any moment. Buisness has been to
Stally suspended for the day and we are now
watching and waiting for the crisis.
Regulations for Lent, by the Blsbop or
1. The fast of Lent obliges all who have
i attained twenty-one years of age. Children
over seven years are bound by the law of
.2. Every day in Lent, excePt Sunday, is a
fast day on which it is forbidden to eat more
i than onemeal and to eat flesh meat. A light
collation is, however, permltted in the even
ing, at which the usual kinds of food may be
used, but not flesh meat: and a cup of tea or
cI offee in the morning.'
3. Flesh meat is permitted at every mealI
on undays, ansdby dispensation once a dayi
on Mondays, Tuesdays, Thur8days and $atur
days, except the second and last Saturdays of
4. The following persons are dispensed
from both fast and abstinence, the sick, the
convalescent, and delicate women who are
pregn,,nt and nursing.
Abs -U. S. Soldiers, in field or in garrisor,
are exempt from the law of abstinence, by
special concession of his holiness Pope Pius
IX, every day in. the year, except A-h Wed
nesday, the three last days of Holy Week,
the Vigil of the Assumption B. V. M, and
the Vigil of Christmas.
5. The following persons are dispensed
from the feast--but not from the abstinence,
-persons engaged in hard manual or t:odily
labor of an exhausting nature; persons of
delicate constitution, and all those who are
over sixty years of age.
6. The use of lard or dripping is permitted
in cooking every day.
7. For particular dispensation, recourse
must be had to the pastor of the congregation
or his assistant.
8. The time of performing the Easter
Duty of Confession and Holy Communion,
commences on the first Sunday of Lent and
ends on Trinity Sunday.
From the Judith.
GARDENLAND, March 2, 1881.
To the River Press:
Some of our sheep owners have lost rather
heavily, while others have had a very light
loss. A new firm was lately organized here,
Divers, Chilton & Seigher. They are going
to invest in sheep, and try wool growing for
a fortune. Seigher & Chilton are men of ex
perience. They are talking of making a
drive from Oregon or California.
Skinning sheep is one of the pastimes here
just now, and some of the boys are doing
fairly at it. I am sorry to sa) that some of
our esteemed citizens have been tempted to
kill some slow elk, but hope that such will
not happen again, as it might tend to destroy
that peace and tranquility which now reigns
White Calf and a portion of his band have
been hunting in this part of the Basin, and
are now favoring Red Mike with a paying
Henry Vessor will open a blacksmith shop
here soon. He is a young man of principle
and understands his trade. Persons desiring
work in ~is ine -hio employ him ad help
to buildtu~r ho ' 4
Mr. McCuan has developed into a first-class
pastry cook, and is employed by Alf. Steph
ens, at the Gap. Persons traveling would do
well to try and make his place, where they
will be p:ovided with good accommodations
both for themselves and their animals.
Many of our ranchmen are getting short of
provisions, and contemplate making Benton
a visit as soon as the roads become p s able.
aBenton merchants should let our stock grow
ers and ranchmen know that they can sell as
low as Helena merchants, for some of them
are talking of'going to Helena for supplies.
The mail is now running regular, and we
are blessed with a prompt tri-weekly service.
The RIVER PRESS is said to be the best paper
taken in the Basin, -and it will have a larger
circulation here ere long. PILGRIM NO. 4.
BENTO1N, March 8, 1881.
To the River Press.
The Record, in its profound discrimination
concerning the "black she-devil," failed to
give the name of the third party, or "he
devil," but this is not the first time that paper
has done this. It seems to gratify the editors
of that sheet with poorly concealed pleasure
to announce to the public a mishap to the
colored people of Benton,' bt when the
matter is brought openly to the public some
"gentleman" of the Saxon race is pre-emi
nently concerned-and in this case, perhaps,
the direct cause-of such disgraceful rnmelees.
Whether the editors of the Record left .ut
the name of the party of their complexion
to save him from disgrace, and inserted the
names of the colored persons to fill up its
local column, is a fact we have not yet ar
rived at. The Record must remember that
we are a portion of this community, and all
we ask is justice.
•----r . . ,.D.,.,..I. ,--..-- ....
A new lead called the Morgan has been
struck in the camp. The locators found
good surface indications and followed them
down with a shaft 65 feet before they found
the vein. The discovery is said to be a rich
The Summit & DeSoto have now 45 toni of
ore on the dump, and are still industriously
developing their promising mine, confident
that they have a good andpaying lode.
The Eclipse is the name of another new
lead found. The ore is about the same in
character as the other leads, and the vein is
between three and four feet wide.
The hardy miners are nearly all busy de
veloping theirlefids and bringing ore, out on
the dump. Later and probably more corr.ct
Iassaye:s confirm the reports heretoforle pub
lished of the undoubted future of the' camp.