Newspaper Page Text
THE RIVER PRESS.
Published Every Wednesday Morning
by the River Press Publish
THERE is nothing small about Boze
man. The Chronicle, of that place, says:
''Bozeman will hang up both her stock
ins on Christmas, and expects to get the
c(',l,ital in one of them."
.A- eastern exchange says: "A news
In..' ,;:man in Montana is said to be the
rit-i. person in the territory, but he
ni,,,'0-. s money speculating in mines."
7',e l,.prson referred to is doubtless Broth
e r 1 !i-d, of the New Idea.
Iº. ,s,;:s are being made by the good
people of Helena to save the Y. M. C. A.,
of that city, which seems to be in very
straitened circumstances. It is hoped
they will succeed. Helena, the boasted
religious center of Montana, should not
peermit the association to die upon its
(GREAT FALLS seems to have a corner on
tires. and enjoyed the luxury of another
,:ie last Monda) morning. Two or three
i: loons went up in smoke and something
i ss than fifty of the residents of the
place went up to the calaboose for fight
ivg in a row which grew out of the fire.
reat Falls does everything after a heroic
plan, even in fighting.
lUTTE has, for the twentieth time, been
victimized by a fake slugging match, and
rnow the same old howl, "We won't be
fooled again," goes up all along the line of
the duped. The resolution will be kept
u,.ntil another hippodrome affair presents
its.lf, when the same suckers will break
their necks running over each other to
pay their dollar or two to see it. Fire I.
1, i, rtbuf*.
THE question of car-heating is being
discussed among the several railroad
managers of the country. The relative
merits of coal stoves and steam heaters
are being canvassed with the object of
reducing to the minimum the danger to
passengers in case of accidents. It seems
the point to be determined is which is the
more preferable--death by roasting in fire
or by cooking in steam.
NEXT Monday the county officers eloct
at the last election will, except the treas
urer, assume the duties of their respec
tive offices. At the same time the new
salary and fee law will go into effect. It
depends altogether upon the amount of
business done whether the office will be
worth more or less under the new law
than under the old. It may be taken for
granted, however, that none of the coun
ty officers of the territory will resign on
account of insufficiency of pay for their
THERE were six hundred convictions of
Mormons under the law prohibiting po
ligamy during President Cleveland's ad
ministration. It is a good record. About
all that has been done toward squelching
Mormonism has been accomplished under
democratic administrations. The first ef
fective move made against them was
made by Buchanan in 1856-7. President
Cleveland has put on the finishing touch
es within the past three or four years.
These are the reasons why every Jack
Mormon in the territory hates the demo
A REPUBLICAN territorial exchange op
poses the proposition to elect the presi
dent and vice president by a direct vote of
the people upon the ground that it would
take too long to count the votes and that
the business of the country would suffer
under the suspense caused by the long
waiting to learn tne result. The argu
ments, if they may be called such, are too
light-waisted to stand, especially in view
of the fact the country survived a two
months' strain while Hayes was being
counted in. The suspense bug bear won't
scare. It is too gauzy even to attract a
AN extra session of congress is talked
of. One of the principal reasons given
why it should be called is that something
must be done to relieve the national
treasury of the surplus which is constant
ly flowing into it. It strikes us that the
surplus of democrats in office troubles
our republican friends more than the
surplus in the treasury. An extra ses
sion that would keep the senate in ses
sion for a couple of months after the Ith
of March to confirm all of Mr. Harrison's
appointments would relieve many a dem
ocratic federal official of his responsibili
ties to the intense delight of republican
aspirants for their places.
TIHE Bozeman Chronicle says: "">"
learn that an effort will be made to divide
Meagher county again at the forthcoming
legislature." The RIVER PREss believes
it reflects the views of nine-tenths of the
people of Montana in saying that the in
coming legislature should ignore every
county-division scheme which may come
before it. Montana will become a state
in the not distant future, and among one
of the most important duties which will
devolve upon its tirst legislature will be
the re-adjustment of county boundary
lines so as to conform to the needs and
necessities of the people thereof. We do
not believe the interests of the; people
will suffer it the consideration of all
county division matters be deferred until
A 83.00 premium and the RIVER PRESS
one year, for $3.50.
The recent strike of the engineers at
Butte and the immense loss which threat
ened that place and Anaconda through it,
adds another link to the long chain of ev
idence that arbitration is much the better
method for all parties concerned to settle
whatever misunderstandings which may
arise between the employer and employe.
The history of strikes shows they seldom
accomplish the object sought. That is
generally brought about by a compromise
when their :inevitable corollary--losses,
destitution and suffering- have gotten in
their work. The latter can never be
measured by dollars and cents, but the
losses by strikes have been pretty accu
rately summed up.
From the recent repcrt of the secretary
of the interior, it appears that during the
past seven years there were 22.304 estab
lishments involved in strikes, affecting 1,
323,203 employes. The strikers were suc
cessful in 46.52 per cent. of the whole
less than half. They were partially suc
cessful in 13.47 per cent. of them, and
made complete failures in 39.35 per cent.
During this time the strikers lost $59,
972,440 in wages, and the employers p34,
163.814 in business. If anything more is
needed to convince a thinking man of the
cruelty as well as the utter folly of strikes
he will find it in the tears of women and
children when their husbands and fathers
are thrown out of employment.
A loss of over $94,000,000 to the labor
and business of a people in a few short
years affords matter for serious thinking,
and wher that loss can be avoided an in
centive is added to efforts looking to the
settling of difficulties by means other
than strikes. They are too far reaching
in their disastrous effeOts to be longer fa
vorably regarded as a solution of them.
THE BIRMINGHAM AFFAIR.
Latest advices from the scene of the re
cent conflict between a mob and the offi
cials of Birmingham, Alabama. says that
Hawes has made a confession of his crime
but the statement lacks confirmation.
Business is now going on as usual, except
all the saloons are closed by order of the
commander of the troops stationed there.
The jail is still guarded and artillery cov
ers every approach to it. It is said that
no attempt will again be made by a mob
to break down the jail.
Sheriff Smith is in jail, under arrest for
murder, and the chief of police is out un
der $10,000 bonds. The worst feature of
the whole affair is that all the members
of the mob who were shot were shot in
the back, showlng they were going away
from the jail in obedience to orders when
the command was given to fire. Governor
Seay, who has been on the ground, thinks
Sheriff Smith did his duty in the matte r.
The whole matter, however, will be in
vestigated. It was a terrible affair, but it
must be admitted that the law is with
the officers. They may have been too
hasty, and so are mobs. A body of men
necessarily take desperate chances when
it attempts to overpower officers sworn
to do their duty, and if bloodshed follow,
the blame rests upon the aggressors.
It is suggested that a convention of
representatives from the several territo
ries which have taken steps for admission
as states be held, and Helena is named as
the proper place at which to hold it. The
object of the convention, as we under
stand it, is to formulate measures
whereby, through concerted action upon
the part of all the territories interested,
speedy admission may be gained.
At this distance we cannot see how
Montana can be benifited by an interter
ritorial convention. This territory has
already adopted a state constitution.
The lapse of three or four years suggests
no change in its provisions and she now
simply awaits the pleasure of congress to
admit her or reject her under it. She is
fully able to stand upon her own bottom
and paddle her own canoe toward state
hood. She can gain nothing by "entan
gling alliances" and should not enter into
them. She has the population to entitle
her to statehood and possesses abundant
means to support a state government.
She has no desire to bar or obstruct the
way of other territories to admission.
She is willing to help them in their am
bition as far as it lays in her power, but
her people do most solemnly protest
against any attempt being made to adjust
her conditions to suit those of her sister
territories and thus jeopardize her own
prospects for early statehood.
An interterritorial convention may pro
pose, but it is congress that will dispose
of the matter of admission at last. If
that body is disposed to be just to Mon
tana it will admit her in the Union at the
earliest possible moment. But if her rea
sonable petition be weighed in a partisan
balance and determined from a partisan
standpoint she will not getinto the Union
this year or next if an interterritorial con
vention be held at Helena or any other
place every month for the next decade.
Montana should let well enough alone.
She is at present regarded with favor at
Washington. Her delegate is doing all
he can or all that any one else can do for
her. His hands should not be tied by
any convention of territories. The histo
ry of the present admission bills shows
they have been urged by their respective
backers upon °the rule or principle of
"every one for himself and the devil take
the hindmost." It Delegate Toole be not
handicapped in the race by interterrito
rial meddlers he will see that Montana
keeps right along abreast of the proces
sion and passes under the wire a good
A leading member of the Shonkin
stock association and one of the principal
cattlemen of Choteau county adds his
testimony to the scores of others in north
ern Montana, interviewed by the RIVER
PRESS, as to the losses sustained by stock
men through the depredations of wolves.
The gentleman, whose name is a sufficient
guaranty of the truthfulness of what fol
lows,does not hesitate to state it as his be
lief that individual stockmen or individual
stock associations are utterly unable to
cope successfully with the ravenous
beasts that infest the ranges of northern
Some of his own experiences, which are
in the line of those of many others, that
have been related in these columns, are to
the point and hence we notice them here.
Not long since while riding the range, he
saw four wolves circling a yearling heifer.
Before he could reach them the animal
had been hamstrung and was at the uner
cy of the hungry beasts. Having nothing
with wht.lc .. - th. poor brute out of
its misery he was compelled to leave it to
the mercy of the wolves that were wat th
ing their prey from a safe distance to
which they had retreated. A few days
afterwards he had occasion to pass the
spot where the heifer had been left. The
head alone was all that remained of the
unfortunate, every other part, including
the bones, had been carried away.
SSoon afterwards he noticed an unusual
commotion among a bunch of horses- up
on the range. An investigation showed
that the watchful animals were surround
ing a nine-month-old steer that had just
been fatally wounded by wolves, the
young brute evidently having run to the
horses for protection. Again nothing
could be done to save the animal.
As an evidence of the amazing multi
plying qualities of these range pests the
gentleman related an instance where a
sheep herder followed a wolf that had
taken a lamb from his flock, almost un
der his nose. Discovering the wolf's lair
he procured help and the party unbur
rowed and killed the grown male and fe
male wolves and with them nine half
grown whelhs, for whose consumption the
lamb had been captured and taken.
These are but individual instances, but
they could be indefinitely multiplied from
the experiences of other stockmen in
northern Montana. But the most telling
proofs of the stock-destroying capacities
of wolves are yet to be shown. For sev
eral years our informant has carefully
and systematically recorded all opera
tions in connection with his business. Al
though he is one of the largest stock
growers in northern Montana, as his cat
tle shipments pro ve, he can at any time
show the condition of his businesst for
any month during the past ten years. He
knows his calf crop to a head every year,
and knows his shipments of beeves. His
shipments are composed of three and
four-year-olds, but at no year do they ex
ceed 60 per cent. of the crop raised from
the brand of any given year. In other
words he loses 10 per cent. of his stock
by the time it reaches the age of three or
Some of them are lost through acci
dents or from castration, and some die
from natural causes, but he attributes at
least 30 per cent. of his losses to wolves
and other stock-destroying animals. As
this estimation is based upon careful ob
servation and upon an accurate under
standing of every detail of the business,
including its risks from all causes, it may
be regarded as approximately correct.
Therefore it may be seen at a glance that
from seven and a half to ten per cent. of
his annual stock losses must be charged
to the account of stock-destroying ani
We have been thus particular in stat
ing these facts because the experience of
the gentlemen referred to, is the experi
ence of about every other stockman in
northern Montana, and hence they give a
very intelligent view of the disadvantages
under which our stockmen labor. The
gentleman, whose name will be given if
necessary, regards.the wolf pest as a very
serious one for stockmen, as their breed
ing grounds are so near and yet so diffi
cult to penetrate. The deep coulees and
broken surface of the bad lands border
ing the Missouri are full of their lairs
and it requires experienced wolfers to
get at and capture them.
The Shonkin Stock association has an
outfit of wolfers in its employ about all
the time. It gives the wolfers carte
blanche to kill all the cattle belonging to
it necessary for poisoning purposes,
but as other stock associations
do not co-operate with it, but little head
way can be made agaihst the numbers of
the devouring beasts. With their breed
ing grounds close at hand and the capaci
ty of each pair to add annually fifteen or
twenty to their number, the wolves have
the best of it all along the line. Nothing
short of a persistent and systematic war
fare against them will rid the ranges of
DELEGATE DUBOIS has introduced a bill
in the house for the admission of Idaho
as a state. That territory wants to be
right along in the probession with its sis
ters in their march toward statehood.
No remedy for blood disorders can equal
Ayer's Sarsaparilla. Though concentrat
ed and powerful, this medicine is perfect
ly safe, and may be taken by children as
well as adults. Physicians reccommend
it in preference to any other, Price $1.
Worth $5 a bottle.
W" A $3.00 premium and the RIVER
PREss one year, for $3.50.
Best Cough Cure.
For all diseases of the Throat and
Lungs, no remedy is so safe, speedy, and
certain as Ayer's Cherry Pectoral.
An indispensable family medicine.
"I find Ayer's Cherry Pectoral an
invaluable remedy for colds, coughs,
and other ailments of the throat and
lungs.";-M. S. Randall, 204 Broadway,
Albany, N. Y.
" I have used Ayer's Cherry Pectoral
for bronchitis and
for which I believe it to be the greatest
medicine in the world." - James Miller,
Caraway, N. C.
"My wife had a distressing cough,
with pains in the side and breast. We
tried various medicines, but none did
her any good until I got a bottle of
Ayer's Cherry Pectoral which has cured
her. A neihllor, Mrs. Glenn, had the
nmeasles, and tile cough was relieved by
the use of Ayer's Cherry Pectoral. I
have no hesitation in recommending
this mnedicinie."- Robert Horton, Fore
man IIe,'lli.ht, 31Morriliton, Ark.
"A.. er's Cherry Pectoral cured me of
a severe ,!ld whiilth had settled on my
ltni:ts. 7.1y wife savy the Pectoral helps
1iter Io1.I re thani anly othiler niedicine she
ever useld." - Enos Clark. Mt. Liberty,
Aysr's Cherry Pectoral,
PREI'PA ED BY
Dr. J. C. Ayer & Co., Lowell, Mass.
S..d >- :d! liruggist,. Price $1: six bottles, $5.
i -- -- ___________
PAST ALL P .ECEDEN r!
v:r iw lllo S Des ribllntel,
Louisl~4una ,ate Lot;,. ry U ulp ty.
Incorporated by the Lerislature in 1868 for Edu
cational and Charitable purposes, and its franchise
made a part of the present state constitution in
1879 by an overwhelming popular vote.
Its Gras.rs Ex.rtraordinary I)restw
itngs take place Semi-Annually t.June and l)ecenm
ber), and its Grand .%inqyle 1u snber IDranw
intgs take place on each of the other ten months
in the year, and are all drawn in public, at the Aca
demy of Music, New Orleans, La.
We do hereby cer'ify that we super rise the ar
rangements ,for all th/e Montkhly and Semi-Annual
Drawings of the Lo isina State Lottiery Compan y,
and in person manage and cont0rol the Drawings
themselves, and that the sam.e are condcted with
honesty, fairness, and in good faith toward all par
ties, andl we aathorize the Com pa ny to "se this cer
tificate, uith fac-similes of our sign atures attached,
in its adr ertisemeints.
WIe the udersigned Banks anI Ha/ htrs will 'pay'
all Prizes draw n in the Loeuisia,,. state lIotteric.
which may be presented at oar counters.
R. [. WALIMSLEY, l're*. Iouluhtian Nat'l Hank
P. LANAUX, Pres. State Nationil Bank.
A. HALDWLN, Pres. New Orleans Nat'l Bank.
CARL KOliN, Pres. Union National Bank.
In the Academy of Music, New Orleans,
Tuesday, I)ecenmber 18, 188.
Capital Prize, 8 00,000.
100,000 at $40; Halves, 520; Quarters,
$10; Mighths, $5; Twentieths, $2; For
LIST OF PRI1ZE1 :
1 PRIZE OF $tco, is ................ $i),000
1 PRIZE OF 200,0(1) is................ 200,000
1 PRIZE OF 100,00 is............ 100,000
1 PRIZE OF 50,(4) is................ 50,000
2 PRIZES OF 25.00i are .............. 50,0(00
5 PRIZES OF 10,00)0 are ..... 50,000
12 PRIZES OF 5,0(K) are ...0,000
25 PRIZES OF 2,00U) are .............. 50,000
100 PRIZES OF N))) are .............. 80,0(00
20X) PRIZES OF 400 are .............. 80,000
5;t)0 PRIZES OF 200') are .............. 10.0,000
100 Prizes of 1,000) are..................$1..K00,000
10(4X) Prizes (,f 800 are............... 8 0,4 i)
100) Prizes of 44) are................... 40,000)
TIl EE NUMBER TERMINALS.
!9 Prizes of 8800 are.................... ;9,~o
!;9 Prizes of 44i;; are....... .............. 39,600
TWO UMBERI TERMINALS.
900) Prizes of $240 are .................. 8 .1),000(K)
9K0 Prizes of 2;0 are................. 180(,000
3.14(6 Prizes amountini to..........8.,11l..800
SFor Club Rates or any further information
desired, write legibly to the uudersigned, clearly
stating your residence, with state, county, street
and numiber. More rapid return mail delivery will
be assured by your enclosing an envelope bearing
your full address.
Send POSTAL NOTES, Express Money Orders,
or New York Exchange in ordinary letter. Cur
rency by Express (at our expense) addressed to
M. A. DAUPHIN,
New Orleans, La.
or i. A. DAUPHIN,
Address Registered Letters to
NEW ORLEANS NATIONAL BANK,
New Orleans, La.
RE MEMBER That the presence of Gene
R L .[LI ~rals Beauregard and Early,
who are in charge of the drawings, is a guarantee
of absolute fairness and integrity, that the chances
are all equal, and that no one can possibly divine
what number will draw a prize
RI tEMBIER that the payment of all prizes is
GUARANTEED 3Y FOUR NATIONAL
BANKS of New Orleans, and the tickets are
signed by the President of an institution whose
chartered rights are recognized in the highest
courts; therefore, beware -of any imitations or
MILES CITY, M. T.
LIVE STOCK BROKER,
Real Estate and Commercial Agency,
Loun Broker and Votary Public.
First-class Ranches, Farms and Town Lots for sale
Local Land Agent for the N. P. R.R. Co.
Agent for first-class Fire. Life, and
Accident Insurance companies.
g LIVE STOCK A SPECIALTY.
PURCHiSING AND SELLING
rHE UNDERSIGNED will buy or sell all kinds
of thoroughbred cattle, sheep, horses,. hogs,
dogs, or poultry on commissielon. Running, trot
ting, saddle or draft horses from best Kentucky and
Tennessee stables. Imported Sussex (I have eighty
head for sale) Short Horns, Jerseys. Holsteins
ereford . and.led Angus cattle. Toroughbred
sheep of any kind. Wolf do.s, pointers, setters,
or any cl of dogrequid. Berkshire hogs, fine
oultry chickens and t.urkeys of any breed desired.
I ill all orders prompty. ,Correspondence s o
licited. , Especial attention also given to selling
To those wanting female cooks, white or colored,
or house help, I can send as man. as needed.
Address Wt. P. TIRNER,E
340 North Cherry street .~shville, Tenn
C, C. UPOW&H sl H
Staple and Fancy Groceries,
HATS, CAPS, BOOTS, SHOES and NOTIONS,
Our stock in the above lines is now full and complete, and wce :,e
offering special inducements to Stockmen and Ranchmen in the shlac i
reliable goods at bottom figures. We are enabled to do this by lu'i!._ .
largely from first hands, at inside prices.
We are sole agents for the celebrated Wood's Mowers and Binders, and ft-. .i
machines have always on hand a full line of extras.
The Best Hay Rake in use. Walking and Sulky Plows, Etc., Etc,
: COOPER WAGONS:
Wool Sacks, Twine, and Cooper's Sheep Dip.
-We keep a full and comple.te stock of
WINES, LIQUORS, BEER AND CIGARS,
Both Imported and Domestic brands.
HARNESS and SADDLERY -
special attention is called to our stock of Harness, Saddles, etc., whici. are of tlhe b.
California and other celebrated makes. We keep a full stock of ce'"y
thing in this line required by the Cowboy trade.
Our Dry Goods Department!
Is the largest and most complete in Northern Montana. We have rece+:"1"
secured the services of an experienced Dress Maker from the east.
and are now prepared to take orders for Dresses and Ladies'
Garments of all kinds. Satisfaction guaranteed.
- : Inspection invited in all Departments :--P
T. 0. POWER & BRO. - - Fort Benton, I. T.
S. C. ASH BY & CO.,
Great Falls, - - Mon tana.
MITCHELL FARM AND SPRING WAGONS,
McCormick Mowers and Binders,
Carriages, Buggies, Road Carts, Buckboards, Etc.,
HARNESS AND SADDLES,
WALL TENTS, WAGON COVERS, ETC., ETC.
Railroad Crading Supplies. Extras for Farm Machinery,
BACH, CORY & CO.,
--WHOLESALE DEALERS IN
GROCERIES, HARDWARE, TINWARE,
Class and Crockery Ware,
G-REAT FALLS, - - MONT.
." All our Departments are now complete, and we solicit a cdii
from Miners, Ranchmen, Builders and Mill-owners. We invite a com
parison of prices and quality of goods. Respectfully,
BACH, CORY & CO.
-:Harness and Saddlery:
r-." STOCK SADDLES A SPECIALT. a
Buggy and Team Harness of
CHAPS, BITS AND SPURlS
OF EVERY KIND.
AERA. LINE OF GOODS IN MONTANA
Give me a call before purchasing elsewhere.
IP'R.VT F4TRIPFT, FOIRT I iEVTOV.. .r.