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THE RIVER PRESS,
Published Every Wednesday Morning
by the River Press Publish
ALTrHOuGH all hopes of Stanley being
alive is about dispelled it is not yet in or
d3r to write his obituary. The indomita
ble explorer may yet turn up somewhere
alive and well.
R R silver has depreciated in value 1?)
.eunts ,-ince the election of Harrison. How
do fte ;e figures tally with the declara
ttt n of our territorial republican contem
poraries that Harrison's election would
be fol!lowed by the appreciation of that
HELENA Herald on civil service reform:
"All that we have to say is, that civil ser
vice should apply so far, that no good
democratic official should be removed in
order that a poor republican should be
appointed." It looks as though the Her
ald desires to keep in all the democrats.
AND now comes Canadian opposers to
the annexation scheme with a proposition
to, annex New Hampshire and a part of
'laine to the Dominion. Why not take
all of Maine? but that wouldn't do. Cana
da would have to take Blaine and that
country is not hunting white elephants
BY an oversight in adding the vote of
one town in Connecticut fifty democratic
':otes were put in the republican column,
electing a republican to congress by some
twenty-four majority, and he has received
the certificate. It is not reported that
Mr. Quay has gone there to secure its
correction.-St. Paul Globe.
THE proposition, broached by the RIVER
PtfEss, to build a flouring mill in this
city is being favorably canvassed by the
leading men of the place. A people who
have the pluck, enterprise and public- 1
spirit to build a $50,000 iron bridge will
see to it that a first-class mill will be
erected here within the next twelve C
THE Millers' convention had an un
doubted right to curtail the output of
mills one-half their average capacity for
the month of January, but unless there is
Q surplus in the house at the present time
the good housewives of the east will be
compelled to put their bread consumers
on half rations, But the potato crop is a
good one in the east this year,
Ttn Buttie Miner having wiped the
streets of that city with the Inter Moun
tain's Park street poodle the latter in its
blind rage jumps on old Col. Sellers, a
prominent character in Mark Twain's
Gilded Age. If the gallant colonel should
happen around Butte the Miner would
have no further trouble with that spawn
of the Salt Lake Mormon endowment
THE suggestion made by the James
town, Dakota, convention that an inter
territorial convention be held at some
central point-say at Helena-does not
meet with much favor among the terri
torial newspayers. Many of them take
the samne view of the matter the RIVER
PRESS did: that Montana should hold her
self aloof from all entangling alliances and
demand statehood as a right-not as a
CHAIRMAN QUAY has gone to see Presi
dent-elect Harrison about the latter's "in
augurjation ceremonies." Going to see
Harrison about his inauguration cere
monies is good. Of course Mr. Quay
won't talk about the distribution of fed -
eral patronage, or intimate he would b e
pleased to see his Philadelphia friend Mr.
$400,000 Wanamaker, in possession of a
cabinet portfolio. No, Mr. Quay will say
nothing about such trifling matters. He
isn't built that way.
IT is thought in some quarters that,the
Platt-Miller contest now going on in New
York over a cabinet appointment will re
sult in that state being left out altogether
in the formation of that body. The
breach between those gentlemen appears
to be too wide to be bridged and hence it
is held a recognition of one would array
the other against the incoming adminis
tration. As this is a contingency that
cannot be invited the only course left
open for Mr. Harrison to pursue is to ig
i6re the claims of both.
IT is said that Helena and Butte re
publican politicians have agreed upon a
slate of names for federal positions in the
territory when Mr. Harrison shall assume
the duties of his office. It is not known
to the outside world who the fortunate
gentlemen are. It goes without saying,
however, that Butte and Helena proposc
to take the lion's share. Mr. Russell D.
Harrison will have a word to say in the
matter, and unless that gentleman has
been consulted in the division of spoils
the conspirators will hear something
drop. There is a barrel of fun ahead.
AMONG those. who are supposed to cast
longing eyes toward the gubernatorial
chair of the territory General Charles S.
Warren does not appear. We speak by
the card when we say the general is not a
candidate for the oofloe. le doesn't want
it and will not have it. In reply to a
question. concerning his aooeptance of it
he said: "I have been a poor man all my
life; I now have agood business with a
fair prospect of making some money. I
do not propose to giv t up for a salary of
$2,600 a year." Gezral Warren meant
everyword 'ihe sid. He e not a candi
date for the governorship of Montana.
CIVIL SERVICE REFORM.
The extension of the rules of the civil
service so as to include railway mail
clerks has caused a few narrow-minded
republican sheets to snarl out their dis
pleasure, alleging that the extension was
g made for the purpose of keeping a few
democrats in place. To those who under
- stand the civil service rules and who are
e conversant with the workings of the Pen
dleton law, this sounds extremely silly.
None but the uninformed would utter
B such a charge.
If our republican friends would open
their eyes and look around them they
would see a large number of republicans
in these United States still holding feder
al positions under this administration.
They hold them under the spirit if not
the letter of the Pendleton act and the
rules made in accordance therewith. If
they would look closely they would dis
cover that fifty per cent., or half of the
railway clerks in' the country are repub
licans who were appointed under republi
can administrations. And then if they
will inform themselves they will learn
that these as well as several thousand
other federal offices are filled by men who
have undergone competitive examinations
and that those who pass, whether demo
crats or republicans, are assigned to po
sitions which they retain as long as they
wish them, unless they prove dishonest or
are physically unable to perform their
duties, the object of civil service reform
being to procure and to keep reliable and
efficient men in the employ of the gov
ernment. We refer to postal clerks and
railway mail agents, etc.
There are still other classes of federal
officials who are permitted to retain their
positions just as long as they are non-par
tisan and prove efficient. They are not re
moved without cause. There is still an
other class who are allowed to remain in
office until the expiration of its term, I
when their places are filled by friends of f
the ruling administration. The day of re- t
movals from the less important federal i
offices has passed. And many a republi- I
can aspirant to a federal position under t
the incoming administration wiil learn E
this to his sorrow. Mr. Harrison has sig- i
nified in unmistakable language his be- t
lief in an adherence to the principles of r
civil service reform, and those who bank c
upon his making a grand sweep of the %
feode.ia offices to find room for his party v
henchmen and strikers will be disap
pointed. However disagreeable the fact I
may be to the mob of hungry republi- v
can aspirants to office it is nevertheless a r
cold and clean-cut one. f
The next president will be quite as slow c
in removing the present incumbents of r
federal positions as Mr. Cleveland was in a
supplying the places of those whom he a
found occupying them. Civil service re- I
form has come to stay, and although the t
penny whistles of the incoming adminis- b
tration may be blown for all they are n
worth, Mr. Harrison will continue and a
more firmly emphasize the policy so un- t
selfishly inaugurated by President Cleve- r
land and so persistently carried out by
A PREPOSTEROUS CHARGE.
The Salt Lake Tribune is a very able
journal and has made a most gallant fight
against the Mormon hierarchy of Utah.
It has crippled its power and made it pos
sible for gentiles to live in that territory,
for all of which the christianized people
of the country tender the Tribune their
thanks and praise. But the Tribune is
intensely partisan-it is bitterly and of
fensively partisan, and as unjust at times
as it is eminently right at others. It nev
er more strongly emphasized this fact
that it did in its recent charge that Pres
ident Cleveland and the democrats of con
gress have been bribed by the Mormons
to admit Utah as a state. No charge
could be more absurd. It is too prepos
terous to call for a serious denial. But it
shows to what lengths a blindly partisan
journal will go.
Reason is lost upon prints that have no
higher or broader conception of the aims
and purposes of a man who has been hon
ored by a free and intelligent people with
the highest office in their gift. Such a
charge and from such a source leads one
to believe that the Tribune has absorbed
too much of the impure moral atmosphere
by which it is surrounded and that it
measures its fellow men by the standard
erected by the degraded beings with
whom it daily comes in contact.
GOT IN HIS WORK.
Springer has got in his work in the
house at last. On behalf of the commit
tee on territories he moved to suspend the
rules and adopt a resolution making the
senate bill for the admission of South Da
kota and for the organization of the terri
tory of North Dakota a special order for
to-morrow, and from day to day until dis
posed of, provided the omnibus bill may
be offered as a substitute therefor. There
after other bills relating to the admission
of the territories shall be disposed of in
the order fixed by the committee. The
motion was agreed to and the resolution
The effect of this resolution will be as
follows: The senate bill for the admis
sion of South Dakota as a state and the
organization of North Dakota as a terri
tory will give way to Springer's omnibus
bill which will be considered as its sub
stitute. The otheradmission bills will bei
then disposed of by refter.ing them to
the committees where they will be per
mitted to die and th. onmnibus bifl will be
disoussdd, and, probably rent8.ed ~.id
then passed by ti ~hbute.
il Governments as well as men may be
il "penny wise and pound foolish." It may
d "save at the spigot and lose at the bung,"
s- and seem not to know it. A very pointed
ws illustration of this fact is noticed in its
w comparatively infinitessimal aipropria
r- tion for surveys in Montana. All these
Ue nited States and territories get but 8$80r
1- 000, of which miserable pittance Monta
y. na's allotment is $9,000. Ye gods! nine
)r thousand dollars for surveying a territory
containing over 90,000,000 acres of lands,
n of which small patches only have been
y platted! It is about enough to make and
is sharpen the pegs.
Right here in Choteau county we have
i. over 17,000,000 acres of lands, guiltless of
t the presence of a government surveyor.
e The government may not want the mon
f ey for these lands at present, but the set
- tlers want the lands and are willing to
e. pay for them. Of course they can gain a
- squatter's rights, but the loss to them in
adjusting their improvements to the sur
y veys whi~e .. t..i: ,:iately be made will
1 be a serious one to many. It will fall up
1 on a class of men least able to bear it.
It would strike the average reasoner
a that congress takes a very narrow view of
- this matter-too narrow for a government
- that is puzzled in the matter of placing
the surplus in its overflowing treasury
where it will do the most good. A hun
dred thousand dollars expended in sur
e veys in the territory would be within the
next year a splendid investment for rea
sons well set forth by the secretary of the
interior in his recent report. That officer
says: "The judgment of congress ap
pears to be quite fixed that no general ex
tension of surveys is at present necessary,
and I am not prepared to controvert it.
There are, however, tracts of country
which, some for one reason, some for an
other, ought not to be delayed longer. I
have before expressed my opinion that
enough should at least be done to enable
the adjustment of all grants for internal
improvements. Further reason for this
lies in the fact that from want of surveys
the uncertainty of the proof to support
actions for trespass upon the public lands
in railroad limits has semetimes operated
under the rule of the courts to limit the
recovery to nominal damages, it not being iý
clearly provable whether the lands in- t
volved belonged to the government or
were carried by the grant,
"In addition to such lands, there should
be surveys of all Indian reservations
which the president may direct for allot
ment in severalty. Perhaps a sufficient
fund Is provided for present needs of this
character. Necessity also exists for the
re-survey of'some regions where reckless
and fraudulent action has rendered the a
surveys of these lands entirely luelesA. u
But whatever be the limits placed upon
the extension of surveys, there ought to
be authority given to increase the price (
now fixed by law when it shall transpire,
as it has often done, that it is impossible
to cause the work to be performed at the
rates now established."
Sufficient reasons are here given why 'I
congress should "loosen up" in the matter
of public surveys. There is no question
that the government is annually being
robbed of an immense area of its timber
lands on account of its penny-wise policy
of withholding appropriations for sur
veys. In addition to this the nncertainty
under which settlers labor in placing
their improvements upon unsurveyed 1
public lands should also be taken in con
sideration by our national law makers in
their appropriation of funds for survey- 31
ing purposes. There is money in it for ti
all parties concerned.
CONGRESSMAN BUTTERWORTH would set
tle all differences between the United
States and Canada, arising out of the
fisheries matter, by the annexation of the
latter to this country. He has therefore
introduced a resolution in the house au
thorizing the president of the United
States to invite negotiations looking "to
the assimilation and unity of the people
of the Dominion of Canada and the Unit
ed States under one government." Such
union would doubtless simplify matters
amazingly as far as the fisheries and some
other questions are concerned, but a my
riad of others would spring up of a much
more embarrassing nature. It is difficult
to prevent very large bodies from falling
to pieces from their own weight.
THE proposition of the Panama canal
syndicate that some of the European
powers take hold of and complete that
great enterprise, has brought out a reso
tion in the United States senate empha
sizing the Monroe doctrine and warning
foreign powers to keep hands off. The
president is requested to communicate
this expression of the views of congress
to the government of the countries of
THE death chair will be substituted for
the gallows in New York after the first of
next month when electricity instead of
hemp will be used to send mur
'derers to eternity. But the terror
'of death Will still remain, It is not
the means employed by the executioner
that criminals dread. The victim upon a
bed of roses fears the king of terrors.
There is no royal road to death.
It is of the utmost importance that ev-i
ery cold be cured as quickly as possible;
after the first symptoms appear, and -the'
experience of many years has shown that
there ikno medlaine that will-, cure -a soe
ere cold in less time than Chamberlaini'
rfuigh Rmedyk Sold sat5 5cents pert
Dress the Hair
r With Ayer's Hair Vigor. Its cleanli
ness, beneficial effects on the scalp, and
lasting perfume commend it for uni
versal toilet use. It keeps the hair soft
and silken, preserves its color, prevents it
from falling, and, if the hair has become
weak or thin, promotes a new growth.
"To restore the original color of my
hair, which had turned prematurely
gray, I used Ayer's Hair Vigor with en
tire success. I cheerfully testify to the
of this preparation."-Mrs. P. H. David
son, Alexandria, La.
" I was afflicted some three years with
scalp disease. My hair was falling out
and what remained turned gray. I was
induced to try Ayer's Hair Vigor, and
in a few weeks the disease in my scalp
disappeared and my hair resumed its
original color."-(Rev.) S. S. Sims,
Pastor U. B. Church, St. Bernice, Ind.
" A few years aTo I suffered th:e entire
loss of my hair from the effects of tetter.
I hoped that after a time nature would
repair the loss, but I waited in vain.
Many remedies were suggested, none,
however, with such iroof(of of merit as
Ayer's Hair Vigr. and I 1began t, use it.
The result was a'1 I coiuMl have dsired.
A. growth of hair soon came out all over
my head, and grew to be as soft and
hea-v as I e(ver h'ul, and of a natural
C(,lo,. riad rfit.; ým, s.et."-J. H. Pratt,
Ayer's Hair Vigor,
Dr. J. C. Ayer & Co., Lowell, Mass.
b.1d by Druggists and Perfumers.
U PRE 'Edi ED A TRACTION.
ý w r i :liilion I)istributed.
ou.~~, a ti e Lottery Co)mpaly,
Incorporated by the Legislature in 1868 for Edu
cational and Charitable purposes, and its franchise
made a part of the present state constitution in
1879 by an overwhelming popular vote.
Its .rn.nrt Ih tr.waige. take place
Semi-Annually (June and December), and its
Grantd Miaglie t'un bsr Itrawings take
place on each of the other ten months in the year,
and are all drawn in public, at the Academy of Mu
sic, New Orleans, La.
FAMED POR TWENTY YEARS,
For Integrity of its Drawings and
Prompt Payment of Prizes,
Attested as follows:
We do hereby certify that we supervise the ai
rangements for all the Monthly and Semi-Annual
Drawings of the Louisiana State Lottery Company,
and in person manage and control the Drawings
thermsel.es, and that the same are conducted with
honesty,fairness, and in goodfaith toward all par
ties, and we authorize the' Company to use this cer
tificate, with fac-similes of our signatures attached,
in its adnertfiements.
We the undersigned Banks and Bankers will pay
all Prizes drawn in the Loeuisiana State Lotteries
which may be presented at our counters.
R. M. WALMSLEI, Pres. Loulsiana Nat'l Bank.
P. LANAUX, Pres. State National Bank.
A. BALDWIN, Pres. New Orleans Nat'l Bank.
CARL KOIN, Pres. Union National Bank.
GRAND MOiNTHLY DRAWING,
In the Academy of Music, New Orleans,
Tuesday, January 15, 1889.
Capital Prize, $300,000.
100,000 Tickets at Twenty Dollars each.
Halves, $10; Quarters, $5; Tenths, $2;
LIST OF PRIZES.
1 PRIZE OF $300,000 is............$ 300,000
1 PRIZE OF 100,000X) is.......... 100,000
1 P3IZE OF 50,000 is ...............50,000
I PRIZE OF 25,000 is............... 25,000
2 PRIZES OF 10,000 are .............. 20,000
5 PRIZES OF 5,000 are ............ 25,000
25 PRIZES OF 1,600 are .............. 25,000
100 PRIZES OF 500 are .............. 50,000
200 PRIZES OF 300 aie............. 60,000
500 PRIZES OF 200 are ............. 100,000
100 Prizes of $500 are ................. 50,000
100 Prizes of 300 are ................. 30,000
100 Prizes 6f 200 are .................. 20,000
999 Prizes of $100 are .................. 99,900
999 Prizes of 100 are .................. 99,900
3134 Prizes amounting to..................1,054,800
NOTE.-Tickets drawing capital prize are not en
titled to terminal prizes.
IV' For Club Rates or any further information
desired, write legibly to the uudersigned, clearly
stating your residence, with state, county, street
and number. More rapid return mail delivery will
be assured by your enclosing an envelope bearing
your full address.
Send POSTAL NOTES, Express Money Orders,
or New York Exchange in ordinary letter. Cur
rency by Express (at our expense) addressed to
I. A. DAUPHIN,
New Orleans, La.
or M. A. DAUPHIN,
Address Registered Letters to
NEW ORLEANS NATIONAL BANK,
New Orleans. La.
REMEMBER that the payment of all prizes is
GUARANTEED BY FOUR NATIONAL
'BANKS of New Orleans, and the tickets are
signed by the President of an institution whose
chartered rights are reco,'nized in the highest
courts; therefore, bev. re of any imitations or
ONE DOLLAR is the price of the smallest
part or fraction of a ticket ISSUED BY US
In any drawing. Anything in our name offered for
less tnan a Dollar is a swindle.
T. F. MORGAN,
Fergus Co., - Montana.
Special Inducements Offered to Ranch
GOOD HOTEL, STABLE AND BLACK
SMITH SHOP IN CONNECTION.
W~Call snd examine goods and prices.
MILES CITY, N. T.
LIIi STOCK BROKER,
seat Beta9te nd c . .eroaf.7 A/ .,I
Sowu Broker and .Yotar7
iX ran es, Farms and Town Lb tYr sale.
Joe d form the P. P; . Co.
ABeo~dtIMlwt tSDO8r compapn~es.
irr .IJYE~ 5TO3 K A P~t.Y
T, C. POW E &.,
Staple and Fancy Groceries,
HATS, CAPS, BOOTS, SHOES and NOTIONS,
Our stock in the above lines is now full and complete, and we a.r:.
offering special inducements to Stockmen and Ranchmann in the shape ct
reliable goods at bottom figures. We are enabled to do this by buyvir
largely from first hands, at inside prices.
We are sole agents for the celebrated Wood's Mowers and Binders, and tor the,
machinr. have al way on hand a full line of extras.
The Best Hay Rake in use. Walking and Sulky Plows, Etc., Etc.
: COOPER WAGONS:
Wool Sacks, Twine, and Cooper's Sheep Dip.
-We keep a, full and complete stock of
WINES, LIQUORS, BEER AND CIGARS,
Both Imported and Domestic brands,
- HARNESS and SADDLERY _I -
Special attention is called to our stock of Harness, Saddles, etc., which are of the 'ben
California and other celebrated makes. We keep a full stock of every
thing in this line required by, the Cowboy trade.
Our Dry Goods Department!
Is the largest and most complete in Northern Montana. We have recentlV
secured the services of an experienced Dress Maker from the east,
and are now prepared to take orders for Dresses and Ladies'
Garments of all kinds. Satisfaction guaranteed.
- : Inspection invited in all Departments :- --
T. C. POWER & BRO. - - Fort Benton, M. T.
S. . ASH BY Ca0.,
Great Falls, - * Mon tana.
MITCHELL FARM AND SPRING WAGONS,
McCormick Mowers and Binders,
Carriages, Buggies, Road Carts, Buckboards, Etc.,
HARNESS AND SADDLES,
WALL TENTS, WAGON COVERS, ETc., ETC.
Railroad Crading Supplies. Extras for Farm Machinery.
BACH, CORY & CO.,
-WHOLESALE DEALERS IN
GROCERIES, HARDWARE, TINWARE,
Class and Crockery Ware,
GREAT FALLS, " MONT.
MS All our Departments are now complete, and we solicit a call
from Miners, Ranchmen, Builders and Mill-owners. We invite a com
parison of prices and quality of goods. Respectfully,
BACH, CORY & CO.
-:Harness and Saddlery:
is STOCK SADDLES A SPECIALT.
Buggy and Team Harness of
CHAPS, BITS AND SPUR-.
OF EVERY- KIND.
KB 3 LIN 0 0TlOp AlO -O 'IN wONT.AA
Give me a call be puBarehasing elsewhere.
FRAraJr; I3S"T,-FR jwrj .