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THE RKIVER PReS>
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WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER S2i, 1,,s.
DR. TUMBLETY, the supposed White
chapel murderer, is still in New York, anc
is bein,; shadowed by the police, yet the
W\hitea mLpeol murders have not ceased. It
lou.,s as though the detectives are on the
w rong scent.
LTIE wires spread good news in report
ing the great African explorer safe and
well. Stanley's last adventures in the
heart of Africa will doubtless read like a
romance, and the civilized world unite in
wishing he may live to write them.
SLU(;GING( matches are now termed;
"exhibitions of Delsarte movement of
physical culture, and imitations of the
science of sparring." "Delsarte move
ment" is good. It's aesthetic. Sluggers
don't fight now-a-days. They simply give
"imitations of the science of sparring."
THE victory of the Northern Pacific in
Manitoba may have a more important
bearing upon railroad construction in the
Northwest than many now dream of.
One thing is at least certain: One rail
road cannot monopolize the carrying traf
fic of the great country to the north of
T-;: present snow storm finds stock in
northern Montana in excellent condition
to meet it, and stockmen with plenty of
hay to feed when required. Horses and
cattle, however, need none. Snow is just
what was needed. Stock can now graze
upon the plateaus and foothills where
grass is good and the snow supplies the
place of the absent water.
THE Bozeman Chronicle urges the re
enactment of the ground squirrel and
prairie dog bounty law by the incoming
legislature. If the suffering farmers of
(;allatin valley would turn loose a few
Choteau county wolves in their fields the
ý-quirrel and prairie dog problem would
ie solved in a few days or weeks at the
farthest. They are sure death on every
;unimal that walks on four legs.
LONDON has its Whitechapel murderer
and Chicago its infanticides. One finds
its victims among those who are rushing
headlong to death and a pauper's grave,
the other robs the cradle of its innocent
burden. It is a terrible condition of
things. There is something wrong in so
ciety that breeds such monsters. Here is
work for the philanthropist. The police
of neither city, it appears, can do nothing
to stay the foul deeds of these fiends in
THE morning republican paper at Hel
ena having nominated and elected Dr.
Cole, of that city, president of the coun
cil, and Lee Mantle, of Butte, speaker of
the house, the preliminary proceedings at
the meeting of the legislative assembly
are simplified amazingly. The country
members are saved the trouble and em
barrassment of a caucus and an election
of those officers, and business will go
right along from the start. Butte and
Helena having the principal offices, those
cities will probably permit Helena and
Butte to gobble up the rest.
THE appeals of the territories for ad
mission will not again be heard in con
grass until the 15th of next month. Mr.
Springer has said so, and Mr. Spring
er's word is law as far as the action
of the house is concerned. It is well.
The members will doubtless feel in better
humor after having digested their holi
day turkeys and will turn a more favora
ble ear to the earnest requests of their
patient petitioners. It is said the stom
ach has much to do with the disposition.
It is hoped the royal liver of congress will
be in order when that body shall meet
after the holidays.
SOME time ago Senator Reagan, of Tex
as, introduced a bill providing for the
free coinage of silver. The bill provides
that any person sending $50 or upwards
of silver bullion tod any United States
mint may have the same coined into
standard dollars upon the same terms
that gold is now coined for private par
ties. We have watched for a report upon
the bill, but none has been presented by
the committee to which it was referred.
It will doubtless meet the fate that simi
lar bills have at the hands of an adverse
republican majority-be pigeon-holed and
permitted toslfeep the sleep that knows
(tODAS, the Lewis and Clarke county
murderer, is making an obstinate fight
for his life at Regina. His counsel insti
tuted pioceedings for a writ of habeas
corpus in his behalf. After an exhaustive
hearing of the ease thejudge refused to
grant the writ. And now the prisoner's
counsel intimates his intention to appeal
the case. Should this be done it is said
many months will elapse before Godas
vill be restored to the Montana authori
ties. He has very able counsel and sur
prise is expressed how he managed to ob
tain it. There is a bare possibility that
the criminal may yet eeape the'noose
which is awaiting him at Helena.
Soward had a long head. When he
paid Russia $7,200,000 for Alaska, the
question was often asked: What do the
United States want with an iceberg? But
little was known about Alaska at that
time. It is far from being an iceberg,
and quite as far from being a barren in
hospitabie region. To-day it has the
biggest known gold quartz mine and the
biggest gold quartz mill in the world.
The latter runs 240 stamps. Last year
the territory shipped $3,000,000 from its
tisheries, while the seal catch annually
enriches the government to the amount
of over &300,000.
Alaska is a great country. It has 18,
311 miles of coast line, nearly twice the
combined coast lines of the Atlantic and
Pacific in the United States. The great
Kwo Siro, or Japanese current, a stream
in the Pacific 100 miles in width, flowing
at the rate of three miles an hour, the
temperature of whose waters stands at
86° Fahrenheit, the year round, strikes
the Alaskan coast and greatly modifies
the climate. The mercury seldom falls
below zero at Sitka and other points up
on the coast. The interior is somewhat
chilly in the winter and the summers are
short which facts have operated against
extensive prospecting any considerable
distance from the coast. But it is said
fine gold bearing quartz prospects have
been found which ultimately may be de
veloped into great wealth producers.
Just at present public attention is be
ing turned to the territory by reason of
some scandalous stories being told con
cerning the manner in which some of the
public buildings are being managed.
They are a good advertisement for the
territory if they do bear pretty heavily
upon the conduct of some of the oflicials
connected with the administration of
public affairs there. Seekers for official
positions under the incoming administra
tion will not regard Alaska with an un
favorable eye on account of the scandal.
On the contrary it will lend a charm to
the place which is not attached to any of
the older territories at the present time.
Truly Alaska is a great country and is
bound to come rapidly to the front as the
dumping ground of broken down politi
cians who wish a nice quiet place in which
to air and recuperate themselves and to
serve the government at a good round
It is claimed by the republican press
of the territory that the recent election
showed that Montana is republican by a
majority of over 5,000: This claim has no
foundation in fact, as we shall show. It
is generally conceded that the votes cast
in a county for coroner is a very fair in
dication of its politics, as the office is one
for which no fight is made by either pir
ty. Taking the votes for that'office in ev
ery county in the territory, with the ex
ception of Park, Choteau and Beaverhead,
in which but one ticket was run for that
office, and substituting in those counties
the votes for public administrator and
surveyor, we find that the real republican
majority in the territory, gained by the
lavish expenditure of money, is less than
800. And it is safe to say that every one
of these eight hundred votes cost the re
publican party of the territory $100 a
A CAREFUL review of the situation leads
to the belief that the census of 1890 will
show that the political center has moved
westward but with little variation in lati
tude. A New Orleans paper shows that
with the decade ended with 1880 'the
south gained 11 per cent against 7.3 per
cent in the north in the electoral vote.
The southern states east of the Mississip
pi are growing in population faster than
the northern states east of that river.
The republican gains will be confined to
the northwest and the territories, while
Texas, Missouri, Arkansas, Georgia, Ala
bama and Florida swell the southern fig
ures. The migration south from the
northern states will:nearly equal the addi
tions by foreign immigration, while the
increase by births is much greater with
both races in the south than in the north."
GE-EN. WARREN gave the Independent
reporter some "guff" the other day about
the "territory of Helena" and federal ap
pointments for Montana. The Indepen
dent took the matter seriously and spread
the interview over a column of its local
page which was followed by an editorial
on the subject. The general is an incor
rigible joker and made one of his happiest
efforts when the reporter tackled him.
Those who know Charlie Warren
know that if he desires to ignore
the claims of Helena republicans
to federal oices he is the last man in the
world to advertise it. The general is a
good man for faber pushers on demo
cratic journals to let alone when they are
hunting political pointers.
Oun neighbors across the line are get
ting their eyes opened to the true charac
ter of the Mormons whom they have, in
their generosity permitted to settle in
their midst. With the unblushing ef
frontery peculiar to the Latter Day Saints,
they have, among other requests, aaked
permission to bring their Utah wives and
practice polygamy in Canada. The RIVER
PRrss was satisfied that sooner or later
the authorities would be brought face to
face with that social problem. Give a
Mormon an inch and he will take an ell.
The Canadians, however, will draw the
line at a plurality of wives, but they have
a big elephant on their hand. all the
ADVERTISE THE TERRITORY.
As divers subjects are being presented
for the consideration of the next legisla
tive assembly, the RIVER PRESS would
respectfully call the attention of that
body to the importance of early action be
ing taken to advertise Montana, its great
resources and its desirability as a place of
residence to the tens of thousands of east
ern home seekers, who contemplate leav
ing their overcrowded places of abode for
the great northwest. This territory has
millions of acres of rich and fertile lands
which only require settlement to make
them productive and prosperous.
But thus far no particular effort has
been made by the legislature to advertise
the territory abroad. The home newspa
pers have done all the work without pay
or hope of reward. Let it be said in their
praise they have in season and out of sea
son faithfully labored in behalf of the ter
ritory. They have set forth its re
sources; they have made known its
matchless climate and have presented its
advantages in their columns. The papers
have been sent abroad by their readers
and been eagerly and profitably read and
hence it can be truly said that to individ
ual effort alone does Montana owe its
It is time now that some organized ef
fort should be made to advertise the ter
ritory. The legislative assembly should
take hold of the matter. It should make
a liberal apportionment to be applied in
collecting and publishing suitable litera
ture for free distribution abroad. The
soil, the resources, the climate and the
advantages of every portion of Montana
should be presented with statistics to
verify every assertion. If an agent
or two were stationed at some eastern
points to hand the pamphlets to intend
ing emigrants and to present the advan
tages of the territory, a still greater meas
ure of benefits would accrue. Men who
would probably go elsewhere would set
tle in Montana, and instead of small set
tlements being scattered throughout the
vast area of country we would soon have
a well populated territory, self-supporting
and sending our products all over the
world. The newspapers havie done their
part; now let the legislative assembly do
its part. The cost of the work will be
paid tenfold to the territory within the
SOME of our esteemed republican con
temporaries in the territory appear to be
offended because democratic journals
proffer advice and make suggestions as
to who should and who should not be ap
pointed to federal positions in the territo
ry under the incoming administration.
Our republican friends are not consistent.
Four years ago they were as prolific of ad
vice and suggestions upon the same mat
ter as an egg is full of meat, and surely
they ought to accept the offer of
the democrats at the present
time. They can make no mistake
in following their advice as the eminently
level-headedness of democrats is proverb
ial. Let the latter suggest the appoint
ments and all will be well.
IT is not a green Christmas after all.
Santa Claus left the door open as he came
down from above, and a mantle of beauti
ful snow fell through to the earth.
Mr. Chas. Preston and others were on a
hunting trip up Bear canyon, near Boze
man, Oct., 15th. On the afternoon of that
day Wm. Watson, one of the party, went
out hunting, riding up the canyon on one
of Mr. Preston's horses, a roan stallion,
three years old. NMr. Watson never re
turned and no trace of him has ever been
found. He was 26 years of age, gray or
blue eyes, slender build, smooth face, rode
a McClellan saddle and had a Sharp's ri
fle, round barrel "old reliable," calibre 45
70. There shoild be no trouble in identi
fying the horse as his right fore leg is a
little larger than the left from a cut re
ceived at one time above and below the
knee. There is a slanting brand on the
near shoulder. Mr. Preston, whose ad
dress is Bozeman, Mont., will liberally re
ward anyone giving him information as to
man or horse that will lead to their ap
Fire at Whoop-Up.
A fire occurred at Whoop-Up last week
by which the southern wing of the old
fort was totally destroyed. One of the
rooms in the building had been used by
the detachment of police stationed there
as a barrack room, and on Monday of last
week a fire was built in the fire place in
the room and the boys went over to an
other wing of the. building, occupied by
Mr. Akers, the proprietor. While absent
it is supposed some sparks from the fire
place set fire to the building. Nothing
was known of the fire until the cartridges
hanging in belts on the walls began to ex
plode, and the fire had then made such
progress that it was all the men could do
to save the main building, in which they
only succeeded after a good deal of labor.
The police boys lost all their clothing,
arms, ammunition and bedding.-Leth
Seed Wheat for Sale or Trade.
A Smail lot of Choice No. I bid Montana raised
seed wheat, from best Scotch Fife seed. Will sell
for cash or trade for frst-class oats. Apply to
Wm. H. Todd "Rn m Parss" ofice.
The Montana Wool Grower.
A monthly journal devoted to the inter
ests of Mi,ntA s: wao.. growers. Subscrip
tion pr:Vse, ca l .r a nnum.
I_ m_ BA2EI8R & c-.
FORT BENTON, - MONTANA.
THIE LEADI)NG II.OU.S E!
DRY GOODS. I GROCERIES
MEN'S, YOUTHS' U R CALL and EXAMINE
BOYS' and CHILDREN'S ENTIRE STOCK -OUR LAGELINoF
CL 0 T H I N G -REPLETE.. Cloth, Ca Tvas Fur
-AN)- SPECIALTIES! OVERCOATS!
FUR and SCOTCH
BEST GOODS CAPS and MITTENS.
-AND- -FOR THE
OVERSHOES. LEAST MONEY Lined Buck and Knit Gloves.
BOOTS, SHOES, HATS A_ CAPS_,
A COMPLETE LINE OF
Ladies' Silk, Saxony and Cotton Underwear.
TOBOGGANS AND HOODS.
ii CALL AND EXAMINE OUR STOCK. 1
C. BIJACQUEMIN &CO.
Montana's Leading Jewelers,
BLOCKH. HELENA, M. T.
Orders by Express and Mail will recei\e prompt
andl careful attention.
Jewelry MaVnufactured to Order.
FINE WATCH REPAIRIN'.
Transact a General Banking
Buy and sell Exchange on the commercial ceuterA
of the United States.
Pay Interest on Time Deposits.
Will give special attention to the business of North
ern and Central Montana, and will make such
loans to stockmen and farmers as are
suited to their requirements.
00, Local Securities a Specialty. "
Collections and all other business entrusted to us
will receive prompt and careful attention.
COLLINS, D UER c& Co.
FRONT STREET, - - - FORT BENTON, M. T.
-: THE :
By the undersigned proprietor of the house. The
hotel is thoroughly reitted and furnished, offering
to the traveling public. It is my desire to restore
the old-time excellent reputation of the Overland,
and to that end no pains or expense will be spared.
I have established the following prices:
Board by the week .......... ........ $6.00
Board by the Meal..................... 50
Board and Room ............ $10 per week
Three Meal Tickets ...................$1.00
First-class Bar in Connection.
W Give the Overland a trial and see if I do not
make it pleasant for you.
ABNER PIAIT & CO,
104 Exchange Building,
asION ST YAI Chioago.
U Represented in Montana by
aiesqrters - FeRT BENTO.*
As3.00 premium ani the RVER Puss
on vyear for ~3O.
Santa Claus Headquarters,
I have now on exhibition the largest, finest and
most complete assortment of HOLIDAV GOODS
to be found in the city. C'all and see them,
F. W. BUCKSEN,
Front Street, - - - Fort Benton, M. T.
H. J. WACKERLIN. T. C. POWER & BRO. 1. G ,AKER &
H. J. WACKERLIN & CO.
Fi'r-ont Street, .Benton, M. °T.
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALERS IN
Bar Iron, Wagon Timbers, Norse Shoea and Naitl
Tinware, Stoves, Barb Wire, Tin and Sheet
Iron Roofing and Sheet Iron Coods of
all kinds Window Class Queens
ware and Classware, Etc.
.Agents for Laflln & Rand Powder .i'o.
Charter Oat, icorn Cooki aia ieating StoYes and Westininste BasP P -R!!
Stores in Ster .