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SOUGHT BY TOURIST
Valley Forge Is Rich in Historil
Whizzing Automobiles Now Bring
Groups of Patriotic Sightseers to
This Scene of the Revolution's
Philadelphia, Pa.-Through the love
ly wooded hills and up and down the
valleys which give the name of thai
historic spot, Valley Forge, the scent
of the darkest days of the Revolution,
go rushing and whizzing nowadays the
hourly automobiles bringing groups of
patriotic tourists from all the coun.
try What a change in the spot and in
the people since that time when Wash.
ington and his suffering heroes
camped among these picturesque
hills. What a gap between those foot
sore, discouraged men and the pleas
ure-seekers whirled in luxury through
this great national park.
For some eight miles the motor
route circles about over the fine park
roads, and on every side the natural
charms of the beautiful scenery are
enhanced by the hostoric associations.
Many memorial tablets have been
erected, marking where different divi
sions of the army or various com
manders were stationed. Here and
there are log cabins, reproductions of
the olden huts, and standing on the
old sites. There are lines of the old
entrenchments to trace, and much else
of interest to a student of military
affairs, but the automobile is toc
swift for study of this sort. The
Memorial chapel, unfortunately, does
not lie on the route taken; it requires,
and well deserves, a separate trip.
One does, however, pass the old
school house, built by Letitia Penn in
1703, which was occupied by the Con
tinental army as a hospital during the
winter of 1777-1778. The flag floats
over it, and a group of budding citi
zens, who ought to develop remark
able loyalty educated in such a shrine
of liberty, flock out for recess as the
motor car passes.
But the central point of the trip is,
of course, Washington's headquarters.
This plain old stone structure is a fine
example of the sturdy buildings of
Colonial times. In its simplicity and
strength it shames the flimsy work
of modern contractors. The interior
is very interesting. The two main
rooms on the ground flour open from
the wide paneled hall with ample
small-paned windows. In both recep
tion room and office the walls are
adorned with portraits, and valuable
relics in cases and in the old-fash.
ioned chimney cupboard attract the
eye. "Grandfather's clock ticks in the
corner, and an old gun fills the open
Across an open passage through
which sun and wind have full play,
is a wing containing the quaint old
kitchen. While this separation of
the kitchen from the main body of
the house has ome advantages, the
modern housewife would certainly
object to the unnecessary steps it
occasions. And she would doubtless
be at a loss to get a meal over the
fireplace with its hanging hooks and
From the pump room adjoining the
kitchen a steep flight of steps de
scends to an underground passage,
only lighted from an opening in the
lawn above. The other end of the
passage once communicated with the
river and thus afforded a means of
refuge and escape in case of surprise
by the enemy. That end has been
closed up, but the curious investigator
can descend and walk along the
damp, dark passage, with thoughts of
tne dangerous days when such a se
cret way was deemed necessary.
The bedrooms 9n the floor above
are very attractivd in their quaintness.
They have been furnished by different
chapters of the Daughters of the Revo
lution with suitable antique furniture
so they must look very much as they
did in the hours when Washington re
posed in the big "four-poster," or in
the straight-backed chair by the fire
place brooded over the perils of the
country. On the third floor, to which
one must climb with bended head if
a bump is. to be avoided, the bedroom
is as cozily old-fashioned as anything
in the house.
Much time might be profitably spent
in looking over the maps, plans,, etc.,
which hang about the walls of the
hall and the main rooms, but the in
terest of the average tourist in such
matters is soon glutted and he prefers
to walk about the lawn and view the
house from every side, or stroll down
to the Schuylkill river in front of the
headquarters and people the scene
with the figures of Washington and
Mall Horse Holds Record.
Portland, Ore.-F. J. Hogel, rural
mail carrier, owns a mare that has
traveled 14,000 miles in the employ
of the government.
' WISDOM OF THE WIDOUI
DON'T LET MAN KNOW IT IF YOL
CATCH HIM IN A LIE.
That Is Her Philosophic Advice, but I'
Is Forgotten When Howard's Per
fidy Is Revealed to Her by
"If you would keep the love of an)
man, never let him know that yot
have caught him in a lie," said the
widow. "If you do, he never will for.
give you. It will make him uncomfort
able, and to his dying day a man holds
a grudge against anybody that made
him uncomfortable. There is nothing
that so endears a woman to a man as
a trustful absorption of' his choicest
lies. Contrawise, there is nothing that
so weakens her hold on his affections
as an accusation of untruthfulness
backed up with undisputed truth.
"It is a pity all women cannot learn
this. If they could, the divorce courts
would get a chance to shut down every
day on schedule time. I learned it. An
aged woman who had had four hus,
bands gave me a tip on that before I
married, and I played it strong all the
way through. I admit it was hard
work. There came times when my com
mon sense fairly shouted for vindi
cation, when the pretended inability
to see beyond my own 'ose and even
to the end of it drove me to despera
tion; but the simulated virtue paid in
the long run. My husband lived and
went to his reward sustained in an
unfaltering faith in my stupidity.
Consequently, he loved me to the
"I am going to manage the next
one the same way. Will there be an
other? Oh, why, didn't you know?
Well, yes, I am-to Howard Miller. Oh,
it hasn't been definitely settled yet.
Some time in May, I believe."
The girl. in blue beamed upon the
"No doubt your philosophy is
sound," she said, "but I never could
live up to it. By the way, I sup
pose you had a fine time going to
the theater last week."
"No," said the widow, "I didn't go
at all. Howard was ill. He had to
stay home from the office all last
week. He wrote to me twice a day.
Poor fellow ,he wasn't able to get out
of the house."
The girl in blue stared hard, then
"Merciful goodness!" she gasped.
"Oh, dear-if this isn't-what shall I
do? I don't suppose I ought-yet, I
must. See here, my dear," she said,
with determination, "I've got to tell
you something. I hate to do it, but
it's my duty. Howard Miller-lied-to
-you. Yes, lied. He may have been
ill, but he wasn't too ill to get out
of the house. Why, my dear, he-he
went to the theater five times last
week. My brother saw him there.
Five times. Just think of it!"
The widow grabbed her handker
chief and gloves.
"Let me out of here, quick,". she
said. "Went to the theater five
times in one week, did he? And yet
he wasn't able to come to see me!
O-o-oh, how dare he lie to me so! I'll
show him! Just wait till I catch him,
if I don't-"
Tribe of Canoe Indians.
The North Pacific coast Indians are
a fishing people. The homes of the
Haida tribe are largely among islands
and the canoe is their chief means
of transportation and in it much of
their lives is spent. The- red cedars
of Queen Charlotte's islands produce
logs from which are made huge canes,
sometimes from 45 to 60 feet in
length. The Haida are master crafts
men since there is no other type of
dugout canoe so light, graceful and
seaworthy as this one they construct.
In Haida canoe building, the out
side contour is first hewn and carved.
Wooden pins are driven through the
outer surface to indicate the varying
thickness of the walls of the canoe,
and the interior is dug out to the
depths thus fixed. The spread of the
beam is attained by steaming the
wood. The canoe is partly filled with
water into which red hot stones are
dropped producing steam, which soft
ens the wood. The sides are forced
out by wedges which are afterward
replaced by permanent seats. Beds
of hot embers are kept near the can
oes to dry the outer surface.-Amer
ican Museum Journal.
O, You Suburban Life!
She was riding home in the subur
ban hack and her whole conversa.
tion had beeL in monotony of the
country life in general and in Swarth
more in particular.
"I think," she told the man opposite,
"that I shall have to do something
exciting just to stir things up-I mean
something real shocking."
"Do," he smiled, encouragingly, "and
my wife will give a bridge and ask
all the women who will be' likely to
And the air became cooler.-Phila.
Fig Tree That Doesn't Flourish.
Despite the severe frost at the be
ginning of April, which adversely af
fected such a lot of vegetation, the fig
tree (perhaps the most familiar specl
men in London) behind the statue of
Charles James Fox, in the garden of
Bloomsbury Square, is showing a crop
quite up to the average. The figs will,
as usual, drop off at the immature
stage at the end of July. This tree
is about a century old, and it is said
that not a solitary fig is ever bore has
been known to ripen.-London Chron.
IS A FAMOUS JURIS1
Personal Characteristics of Johi
Venerable Kentuckian Who fRecentl)
Celebrated the 78th Anniversary
of His' Birth Has Had a
Washington--The dissenting opin
Ions which Justice Harlan, of the Su
preme court, rendered in the constru
ing of the Sherman law in the Stand
ard Oil and Tobacco eases have
brought this veteran jurist prominent
ly before the public. The jutlice was
78 years old the other day and is still
strong and rugged, with. every mental
faculty unimpaired. He has been on
the Supreme court more than a third
of a century. During 33 years and 6
months he has absented himself from
the bench less than 30 days. He was
born in Boyle county, Kentucky, June
1, 1833. President Hayes appointed
him November 29, 1877.
Twenty years ago Justice Harlan
purchased a half of a city block on a
hill overlooking Washington, and
there built a fine, old-fashioned, ram
bling home of brick, with wide
porches. When he took possession an
unobstructed view of the city below
and the absence of noise and the com
motion of city life made the spot ideal
for the home of a justice.
Although he is in the midst of the
city today, he manages to keep about
the house the atmosphere of the coun
try. The trees which he planted in
the side, front and rear yards have
grown to maturity. A great hedge
circles the grounds, and in sph'- oi
the evidences of the city on ail sides,
the privacy of a country home is main
A southerner by birth and educa
tion, Justice Harlan keeps about his
home the hospitable southern atmos
phere, A colored butler invites the
visitor into a large reception hall. The
walls are covered with portraits of
jurists or makers of the constitution,
Washington, Hamilton, Jefferson,
Marshall and a score of the fathers of
the republic. Here and there are
scattered portraits of the Harlan fam
ily. A life-size bust of Justice Harlan
is in the hall.
A winding, broad staircase leads to
the study. The walls are completely
covered with yellow and red-bound
tomes. There are a few big, comfort
able chairs and a large desk in the
center. Here the Kentucky expounder
of Blackstone does his real work and
thinking. Here the opinions are writ
Justice Harlan is a big man phys
ically. Over six feet in height, his
figure is erect and his step is elastic.
When he walks he leans a trifle for
ward and takes long steps. His hair,
the little that remains, is white. The
top of his head is bald; there is a lit
tle hair on each side. Hi head is un
usually large, and is narrower at the
front than the rear. His ears are big.
When he smiles-which is often-the
jurist emits a sort of chuckle and
shows a few-very few-teeth. He is
an inveterate tobacco chewer. He
and Chief Justice White f-equently ex
Justice Harlan rises early and
breakfasts with his family. His sec
retary meets him in the study at about
9 o'clock and takes the day's dicta
tion. The judge boards a 14th street
electric car between 10 and 11 in the
morning. When the car reaches 14th
and New York avenue a colored news.
boy who has served him for years,
hops on the car and gives him three
or four of the morning papers.
Without spectacles, Justice Harlan
proceed's to read the day's news.
When he reaches the Capitol-about
three and a half miles from his home
-he tosses the papers away. He
lunches in his office and takes the
home-bound car at about 4:30 in the
afternoon. An hour's work in the
study finishes the day's work, and if
the weather is good, he spends the
twilight on the porches about his
house. He goes but little into society,
save when his position demands it
He attends the New York Avenue
Presbyterian church. He may be fouhd
any Sunday morning in the Sunday
school room explaining to his class
the day's Gospel.
rTOO MUCH FOR FATHEI
LIKES JIMMFY'S CLOTHING AL
In BUT ROLLED TROUSERS.
Young Man From College Could Pohi
Out Plenty Like Them but
His Dad Would Not
When the very young man from col
lege entered "dad's" study, in the net
suit, the old gentleman, beginning a
the rainbow-banded straw, continued
his admiring inspection until he em
countered the tops of the smartly-tied
and saffron leathers. Then his brov
"Stand off a bit there, Jimmie," he
said, "where the light'll strike you ful
1 -there, by the window."
"I like it well enough," said the olc
man, "till it gets to the shoetops, bul
there's where I weaken, Jimmie
there's where I draw the line. You're
to go out to lunch with me, yot
"Yes," said Jimmie, "but what's thai
got to do with it?"
"Just this, my boy: The mornin
paper says 'fair and warmer,' and I no
tice you're ready for a splash througb
the rain. I refer to that four-inch roll
in your trousers. There's no chance
to go wadin' in a branch today, and
rain's out o' the question. Unroll your
trousers, lad, and let 'em fall over
your shoetops sensible. Down with
'em, Jimmie-'way down! You're to
walk the streets with your dad today,
and it's lunch time now."
"Why, dad," said Jimmie, "these
trousers are the style made by a tailor
that knows his business. The tailor
put that roll on 'em himself. You
won't meet a boy in a mile of streets,
who thinks anything of himself,
dressed at all, but his trousers'll have
that roll to 'em."
"That's all right, Jimmie-but turn
'em down-turn 'em down!"
As they emerged from the building,
three young men entered. Jimmie
nudged the old man.
"There!" he said. "What did I tell
(Three pairs of 'loud," rolled
"Four more!" said Jimmie, keeping
count, as they passed along.
Three blocks and .49 pairs of rolled
trousers were on Jimmie's side of the
"I reckon you've got a majority vote,
Jimmie," the old man yielded. "Come
in, and order what you want for
lunch. But let 'em hang as they are
till we get back, then roll 'em up pri
vate, and go where you're a-mind to
but I'll be dinged if you'll walk along
the street with me looking like that!"
During the meal the old man didn't
have much to say. He appeared to be
doing some thinking on the side. That
night he said to Jimmie's mother:
"Do you think you would have
-pinned the violets on my coat that
moonlight night long ago, at the gar
den gate, whose latch clink was music
to my soul, if I had appeared before
you as Jimmie is parading around to
"There, now!" said Jimmie's me ther.
"You're getting sentimental. I think
it would have been all right, if you
had looked as fine as Jimmie does to
"Well! Didn't I?"
"Yes, dear. Jimmie is just as tall
as you were then, and has your eyes,
and the very trick of your smile, and
the winning ways that-"
"Maybe so-but, thank heaven, they
didn't wear trousers like that in those
days!"-F. L. Stanton, in Atlanta Con
How Relics Are Faked.
A careful observer who has visited
many of the world's great battlefields
declares that the greater part of the
mementoes, of which there seems to
be an inexhaustible supply, are wholly
spurious; but so well are they sim
ulated that the average visitor is
content. Pieces of shell are made by
casting hollow spheres and cracking
them with a sledge. The fragments
are then treated to a bath of diluted
nitric acid and allowed to gather rust
in the open air.
The appearance of verdigris is
easily procured, when desired, by the
use of copper in solution. The writer
was shown several basketfuls of pieces
of shell, all of which seem to be at
least thirty or forty years old. The
acid has slightly honeycombed the
edges, and they looked exactly as if
corroded by long burial beneath the
soil. Such trifles as single bullets
and minie balls are made with the
greatest ease in an ordinary mould.
they are dented with a small hammer
and given the requisite discoloration
by remaining for a few days in a buck.
et of lime. The more elaborate relics,
such as sword belts, spurs, pieces of
harness, bayonets, canteens, and so on,
are turned out by individual workmen,
who make a good profit out of the
Making the "Pipe" Last Longer.
Many smokers have adulterated
their own tobacco. Parr sprinkled
his pipeful with salt to make it last
longer. And it does. Parr, one of
the most leisurely of smokers and
longest of livers, made his salted
pipe last an hour. There is faint
crackling as the salt burns, but no
difference in the taste. And it was
Lamb who, disdaining adulterants, sat
opposite and smoked in furious clouds.
When Parr asked gently how he had
attained this fierce dexterity, the reply
was characteristically Lamb's: "Bu
by t-toiling after it, sir, as s-some men
t-toal after v-virtue!"-London Chro-.
WRITE TO DEFY AGE
Missouri Song Author Gives
Verse-Making as Recipe.
Mrs. Hull Was Born In Missouri
Sixty-Nine Years Ago-She Enjoys
Composing Verses for Her
St. Louis, Mo.-Ponce De Leon did
unwisely when he went floundering
through the swamps of Florida in
quest of the fountain of life, in which
he hoped to renew his youth. To
achieve enduring youth, freshness of
mind in old age and serenity of tem
per, he should have stayed in Spain
and written poetry.
Verse-making as an antidote to olc
age is recommended by Mrs. Lizzie
Chambers Hull of St. Louis, Who, 69
years young, defeated all competitors
in Governor Hadley's contest for the
words of a Missouri state song. Her
stanzas, because of their clear sim
plicity, historical sincerity and quiet
depth of feeling, obtained a prize of
$500 by unanimous accord of the
judges. Contestants entered not only
from every section of the United
States, but from Canada, Australia
and New Zealand.
When Mrs. Hull was 1 years old,
Henry Wadsworth Longfellow lec
tured before her class on "Poesie."
She was a pupil at Louis Agassiz's
School for Young Women at Cam
bridge, Mass., out of which grew Rad
cliffe college. Oliver Wendell Holmes
and Wendell Phillips were also lectur
ers at the seminary, and among the
Missouri girl's school companions
were Longfellow's daughters, a
daughter of Doctor Holmes a:,d Miss
Emerson, a relative of Ralph Waldo
In this environment, she fell into
the habit of writing verses, not as a
profession, but as a diversion and
recreation. Just as another girl,
when wearied or lonely, would solace
herself by playing the piano, or sing
ing, or reading a book, so Miss Cham
bers, as she then was, found comfort
and society in putting her emotions
and ideas into metrical form. She
soon acquired the same facility in
rhythmical composition which one by
practice obtains in performing the
Mrs. Lizzle Chambers Hull.
scales of the piano or in making em
During a two years' tour of Europe
her muse found constant occasion foe
exercise. The Alps, the lakes o:
Switzerland, Italy, Holland, Scotland
Ireland, England and France provide,
subjects for her girlish effusions
These verses have been lost, for she
did not regard her productions as se
rious work, but rather as play.
After she returned to St. Louis at
the beginning of the Civil war, she
soon found need to draw upon hei
every resource of consolation and
comfoft. She married Edward B
Hull, a d two weeks after the mar
riage Te marched away to fight in
the Confederate army. The desolate
bride was left to her tears and the
care of her husband's plantation in
But for her habit of verse-making,
she says, she could not have endured
the first few months of separation
and dread as to her bridegroom's
fate. Her swelling emotions demand.
ed a vent.
It has been the forgetfulness of self,
the throwing off of cares, which Mrs.
Hull attained through her making of
verses, which has kept her, in her
opinion, a young woman, although
nearly 70 years old. Her enthusiasms
are those of a girl: for instance, when
she says: "I love Tennyson; I love
him," and she is equally youthful
when she exclaims: "I can't under
stand Browning, and I'm free to admit
it." Her step is brisk, her face slight
ly touched by wrinkles, and her hair
just growing gray. Her conversation
is animated, and her opinions are
maintained with the vigor of half her
age. She still keeps her youthful
preference for George Eliot, but has
sent her a copy of "Marie Clire" in
the original French, which she reads
Despite her winning of the prize
state poem contest, Mrs. Hull earnest
ly asserts that she is not a poet.
"I am only a rhymster, not a poet,"
she declared emphatically, as she seat
at her desk in her modest home. "I
never presume to call myself a poet.
I have too high an opinion of beauti
ful poetry for that. I just liked to
write verses as another woman might
have liked embroidery.
Her recipe for happy life of peren
nial youth is contained in her brief
formula, "Write verses and defy old
CATCH "JERSEY DEVIL'
FISH DEALER 'FINDS CREATURE
WITH HORSE'8 HEAD.
Wonderful Creature With Queer Points.
of Anatomy Is Found by Philadel
phia Man is His Big Aqua
Philadelphia, Pa.-After a prolonged!
retirement from public life, the "Jer
sey Devil" has appeared again. This
time the fearsome beast is in captiv
ity in this city, however, and as it is
only two inches long, it is not much to,
be feared. Louis Hirsch, a dealer in
gold fish at 1823 East Wishart street,
discovered the strange creature in his
big aquarium and since that time all
the neighborhood scientists have ex
amined it and gone away dum
The creature is two inches long,
with a head like a horse and a tail
like a tadpole. On each side of the
head are three horns. There are four
legs, each with five nails on them. The
toes are separated more like fingers,
with one that would represent the
thumb apart from the other four. The
color of the creature is drab, with
speckles of darker tone, and the stom
ach is yellow as gold. As there are
between 4,000 and 5,000 fish in the
aquarium in Hirsch's yard, he did not
notice the monstrosity until he clean
ed the aquarium out the other day.
Then, on the bottom of the tank, he
found the Jersey devil, sitting on its
haunches and regarding him placidly.
The appearance of the object was so
startling, said Hirsch, that if it had
been larger it would have frightened
him. He did not know whether it was
a fish or an amphibious beast, but he
did know that he had something rare,
and he is guarding it jealously. Hirsch
believes the devil eats fish, for it has
shown little interest in flies and bugs
that he had offered it. He has put it
in a small aquarium with some gold
fish to see what happens. If the gold
fish disappear he will know they are
in the devil's little gold-plated stomach.
The Jersey devil, that first appeared
in Gloucester several years ago, and
then was seen in practically every
city and town within a radius of 50
miles, was described as a beast the
size of a large dog and having wings.
Excepting the wings, the creature
found in Hirsch's aquarium fits in
every description the description of
the Jersey devil as given by eye wit
nesses of that awe-inspiring beast's
visits. It has not barked yet, but
maybe that is because of its extreme
NOW A SCHOOL OF COURTSHIP
Chicago College Professor Favors Sci
entific Instruction in the "Art of
Chicago.-At last it is here-the per
fectly scientific courtship. It is the
plan of Prof. Robert E. Blount of the
Waller High school of Oak Park, who
first proposed it at a conference of tne
Child Welfare exhibit.
"I believe," said Professor Blount,
in advocating the "kissing colleges" in
which the "art of spooning" is to be
taught, "that there should be a proper
course of instruction, preparing chil
dren for married life. This instruction
should begin in infancy and continue
through life and youth.
"Courtship should not be left to
chance and the unguided impulses of
youth," said Professor Blount. "Nor
is the guardian's duty done when he
has impressed the importance of the
proprieties on his charges. To this
negative instruction must be added
positive counsel and training.
"Sweethearts need to be alone to
gether. Their love grows with expres
sion. They ought to have opportunity
for their endearments. But they
should be carefully taught the differ
ence between affection and passion.
"Courtship is too important a factor
in life to be dwarfed by undue espion
age. Young people must be prepared
for it by proper training, and then,
only after adequate instruction, should
they be provided opportunity for pri
AUTOMOBILE A BLIND TIGER
North Carolinan Puts Up the Newest
Method for Carrying Drinks to
His Thirsty Friends.
Salisbury, N. C.-It has remained
for a North Carolina man to introduce
something new in what is known as
"blind tiger" saloons. There have
been boot-leggers, who carry corn
whisky in their boots; those who han.
dle it in suitcases; those who mas
querade as druggists, and others who
sell strong drink as cider, vinegar,
etc., but now John Ludwig, lately
elected an alderman of this town, has
been arrested, charged with using an
automobile as a traveling "tiger."
He was arrested in Mooresville, I-r.
dell county, N. C. The police there
had been told that a Salisburg man
would bring a quantity of whisky in
an automobile. They kept on the
watch, hiding in the woods, and were
there when the automobile arrived. As
they rushed up the two men in the
automobile tried to get away, but
failed. They threw pint bottles of
whisky right and left as they went,
but before they had gone far they
were captured and 72 pint bottles of
A box had been arranged in the
rear of the automobile in which the
whisky was neatly packed. For years
more whisky was made in Salisbury
Wan in any other town in the state.