Newspaper Page Text
HOW TO INDUCE SLEEP
AVOID ALL. OPIATES AND OTHi~
FORMS OF "DOPE."
Light Meal Followed by Moderate
Exercise, Well Aired Room and
Warm Feet Usually Will Bring
There are sound hygienic method
by which sleep may be induced. Is
eursions into the realms of pates
medicines, opiates, and all sorts a
slumber elixirs which are summed u]
as "dope," should be avoided. Bu
the moral of this lesson has beel
pointed over and over, yet little ha
been said about natural methods o
wooing sleep. Under this head does
not come the various mental contriv
ances such as "counting sheep" or re
citing the multiplication table.
Oxygen is as necessary to the bodl
oe&ls during the hours of sleep as a
any other time. Perhaps in the case
of children it is even more necessary
For them sleep means the time of
anabolism, growth and repair. The
old prejudice against open windows
still exists, in spite of the campaign
of education in the newspapers ane
in the schools. Dust in the rooms
an imaginary draft, the fear of colds
and many other stupid reasons are
advanced in excuse of this pernicious
The organs of the body also should
be considered, and no excessive wort
should be given the heart or digestive
organs before retiring to rest. Higk
pillows lead to an increase in the
heart's force at a time when the
heart should have the lightest work,
Pillows that are too low may cause
headaches, and even sleeplessness,
through an excess of blood being in
the brain. Heavy late suppers are
unwise, but a light meal, followed by
such moderate exercise as a short
walk, is generally conducive to sound
sleep. The light meal causes a
withdrawal of blood from the head
into the stomach area and the body
•generally. The body is therefore
warmed, and this is important.
Cold extremities, particularly cold
feet, cause sensory stimulations,
which produce sleeplessness, often
for hours People who suffer in this
way should take means to keep thelt
feet warm artificially by using sleep.
ing socks, or slipper baths, or by the
use of hot water bottles, and by
sleeping between blankets.
It is, of course, fatal to sound
sleep to go to bed "with anything on
the mind." In these sensational and
pleasure-loving days we often retire
to rest after receiving a long series
of vivid sensations which often ac
count for hours of sleepless tossing.
Sometimes this may be relieved by
a gentle friction of the head with a
medium hard brush.
We cannot hope to always drive
away the disturbing sensory im.
pulses, for, built as man is, joy, suf
fering, grief, responsibility and worry
(last, but by no means least), must
find their place in his life at some
time or other. Life without these
would be at best a mere existence,
and so we must pay the bill at such
times. And even then fatigue must
cause sleep ere long.
It may be wise not to be too par
ticular about noises when little chil.
dren are asleep. At some future time
they may be thankful for learning to
sleep while a certain amount of noise
is gooing on. For instance, there is
no reason why they should not be ac
customed to sleep while a Piano is
being played in another room in the
In these days of the veneered fur.
niture, when the buyer chooses only
that piece of quartered oak that
shows the most flake in the cut, it is
well to make it a point to never allow
water or liquid long to remain on the
surfaces, this especially of tables, for
it is liable to reach the glue beneath
this paper-like surface, and later
when drying out make it lift and
bulge. to repair which only an expert
is capable, Dampness can easily
reach it almost unknowingly by plac
ing on it a vase or jar which has in
it some cool substance that might
make moisture collect on the outer
side and leak to the table top. This
should be guarded against, as varnish.
ed surfaces' become opaque and this
more often than the veneer bulging,
which happening is verily a calamity.
Child of Genius.
An actor was talking at the Play
ers' Club in New York about David
Belasco's skill as a stage manager.
"Belasco," said the actor, "has a
superhuman sense of the harmonies,
the fitnesses of things. This enables
him to carry out a stage scene to
such small details as no man ever
dreamed of before.
"Belasco, even in his childhood,
possessed this unique sense of har
mony. An uncle once gave him a
couple of chocolate cigars, then said
to the little boy:
"'What are you going to do with
"'I'll go and eat them in the smoB
ing room," was the prompt reply.'
Did Not Fill the Bill.
Old Lady-There is one thing I n,
tice particularly about that young man
who calls to see you. He seems to
have an inborn, instinctive respect for
women. He treats every woman as
though she were a being from a high.
er sphere, to be approached only with
the utmost de)io" y and deference.
Granddaughter (sweet eighteen)
Yes, he's horridly bashful.-New York
LCRIMINAL TRIALS IN ITALY
System There, Though Simple, DIf.
fers Radically From That In
The reports in American papers of
the trial of the Camorrists at Viterbo
have made many people wonder if
there is any system at all about crim
inal trials, and if there is, what the
system is like. There is a system,
and a very simple one it is, though ut
terly different from that which gov
erns procedure in American or Eng
lish courts, says an exchange. ,
The trial takes place before three
Judges and a jury, to which are added
.a certain number of extra jurors who
are sworn and are present in court to
hear the testimony, and are held
ready to take the place in the jury
jox of any juror who may in the
course of the trial be incapacitated
from further service. The depositions
of all the witnesses have been taken
in writing and signed before the trial
begins. Each of the judges has a copy
of these before him. The prosecutor
and the counsel for the accused fur
nish to the court a list of the wit
nesses they desire called, and these
are summoned all by the court, which
has power to punish nonattendance.
The first thing that happens when
the trial begins is the questioning of
the accused by the presiding justice
In Italy, as in most of continental
Europe, a man accused of a crime is
considered by the law to be the very
best witness to his own guilt or inno
cence. In England and America the
accused need not testify unless he
choose. In Italy he is the first and
most important witness.
The accused is allowed the widest
scope in defending himsei'. He has
a right to tell his own story in his
own way, to offer anything he can in
the way of justification or palliation;
even hearsay evidence is admissible.
The judge has absolute discretion as
to what testimony may be received
and what excluded, and any judge
who exercised this discretion unfairly
would be an object of execration. Bias
on the part of one judge is possible,
but there are always the other two
judges on the bench with him, and
they are a perfect check against un
When the accused has given his tes
timony he is confronted personally
with his accuser. The accuser is
necessarily the principal witness
against him. Strictly speaking, the
prisoner has no right to interrupt his
accuser, while the latter is telling his
story, but in practice the judges per
mit it, and the confrontation some
times becomes a three-cornered de
bate between accuser, accused and
judge, the latter giving the accused
the widest leeway to demonstrate his
innocence.-Case and Comment.
Price of Damnation.
Judge Hiram C. Flack of West Lib
erty said the other day, speaking of
tho notorious disfranchised vote sellers
of his native Ohio:
" "Some of these men, I understand,
even claimed they did not know it was
wrong to sell one's vote. They were
worse than the voters of Cashel.
"All the voters of Cashel used to sell
their votes, and a reform candidate
once got the preachers of the town
to preach against the sin of such scan
"The day after the sermons the
reform candidate said to a party
"'Well, how will the election go?'
"'It will be close and difficult and ex
pensive, sir,' was the reply.
"'What do you mean?' said the can
"'Well,' said the party leader, 'the
boys didn't understand that vote sell
ing was a sin before and they always
et their votes go at two dollars apiece;
but now they know eternal perdition
is awaiting them. I understand that
every man jack of them has put up
his price to four dollars.' "-Reboboth
The Cholera Suspect.
We are taking precautions againsi
cholera. At Montpelier recently it
was thought there was a well-de.
fined case of Asiatic cholera. The
mayor at once took all precautione
authorized by law. Two days later a
man was brought to the hospital as a
suspect. The hospital interne, as he
came near to the patient, quickly
drew back, saying, "How you smell
The answer came with a drunken
grin. "Certainly, I have drank a good
deal of rum. It's excellent against
The interne allowed him to remain
during the night. In the morning the
drunkard left entirely cured. An hour
later he returned. "You'll have to
take care of me here. My house has
been closed and is guarded by four
gendarmes for seven days, allowing
no one to go in or come out. If you
4on't take me in as a patient I shall
ae arrested for vagabondage."-From
Le Cri de Paris.
"It's an unsatisfactory, d 3appoint
ing kind of world," said the old sol
dier. "I fought four years for the
Union. I was in sixteen battles, In
cluding Antietam, Gettysbu g, Fred
ericksburg and the Wilderness. I
was wounded twice and spent four
months in Andersonville. I tramped
hundreds of miles in the dust and the
mud and the snow. I got rheumatism
from sleeping in the wet and I al
most died with typhoid. I lived two
days on three pieces of hardtack, and
ate salt pork that wasn't fit for a
"I enlisted as a corporal and came
out of the war a private, and then
then spelled my name wrong on my
ROCK SALT FOR MOB,
BETTER THAN LEAD BULLETS
SAYS SIR HIRAM MAXIM.
Reeervt Force Should Carry Guni
Loaded With Buckshot for Use
If the Riotous Crowd Ia
It has been suggested that some
thing less deadly than leaden bullets
should be used by our troops againsi
rioters. It has been suggested thai
bullets might be made of sawdusl
and grease, but this is altogether im
practicable, as such bullets would sim
ply be atomized by the force of the
explosion and atmospheric resistance
The suggestion is, however, a good
one, inasmuch as it sets one thinking
on a subject that we shall have tc
face very shortly.
The ordinary military rifle is i
very powerful weapon. It has bee.
designed for killing at very lon
range, and it is quite possible that un.
der favorable circumstances at short
range the same bullet might pass
through 20 men.
Disorderly, murderous mobs are
constantly increasing in numbers, and
each riot is fiercer and more deter.
mined than those that have preceded
it. There is bound to be a greater
number of them in the future, which
we shall have to deal with, whether
we like it or not, therefore I hold
that we should make a study of the
subject and provide and use the best
possible arms for the purpose.
It must not be supposed for a
single moment that large and turbu
lent mobs such as were lately found
in Liverpool, and who fight like ,e"
mons, can be subdued without the
loss of some life. Some loss is in
evitable, but let it be as small as pos
sible and let us, at least, attempt to
avoid doing injury to any except those
who are actually making war upon
the soldiers or police.
Suppose the officer in command had
400 soldiers opposed, we will say, to
20,000 hooligans and strikers. It
would be best to arm about 200 of
them with very large bore, single
barrel shotguns, having rather short
barrels, and these should be provid.
ed with cartridges of the ordinary
type; but, instead of lead shot, they
should be loaded with very coarse
grains of hard rocksalt, the grains be
ing about the size of large peas. The
salt has the advantage of being light,
so that it does not penetrate very
far, and, as it soon dissolves ana
runs out of itself, and as it is also
an antiseptic, no surgical operation
would be necessary.
Rook salt was used very success.
fully in the early Colonial days of
Another hundred of the soldiers
should be armed with the same kinds
of gun, but the cartridges should be
loaded with a small charge of black
powder and a very large charge of
buckshot. These shot would not kill
at a range of a few hundred feet,
but at very close range of a few
feet, where all the shot are in a lump,
they would be fatal.
With these 300 guns the crowd
could in all probability be kept at bay.
Of course the buckshot would not be
used until the salt had failed. Then,
again, if the attack was very violent
the whole 300 guns could be worked
with buckshot.-Sir Hira"., Maxim, in
the London Express.
Police in Biblical Times.
George Gordon Battle told the mem
bers of the New York Police Lieuten
ants' Benevolent association, assem
bled in monthy meeting at Terrace
Garden, that it was no new thing for
the populace of a city to register
kicks against the police force. To
show how ancient this custom was,
he quoted the prophet Isaiah's arraign
ment of the police force of his day,
where he said: "Yet, they are greedy
dogs which can never have enough,
and they are shepherds that cannot
understand: they all look to their own
way, every one for his gain, from his
Mr. Battle had volunteered to enter
tain the police lieutenants with an ad
dress upon the historical development
of the English police system. He
traced the course of the policeman
from the vigiles of the Emperor Au
gustus down through the watchmen of
England, not neglecting to touch on
the estimable Constable Dogberry.
Which led him to conclude with the
thought that though the members of
the New York police force were but
human, as a body the force had reo
ognized its obligations and lived up
Long time to Get to the Bridge.
A scientist attached to the Museum
of Natural History in New York, a
most unsophisticated man, was one
evening enjoying a brisk walk in the
vicinity of the park on his way home
when he encountered a forlorn look
ing woman scantily clad and weep
The scientist's heart was touched,
as he stopped to see what he could
do for the unfortunate. "I want to
go to the Brooklyn bridge," explained
the woman, "and I've lost my way."
The gentleman supplied sympathy,
minute directions as to reaching the
bridge, together with a liberal amount
of car fare.
Some time later a similar' incident
,ccurred. The scientist, just as be
,re, was encountered at dusk by the
same woman, who went through the
same scene. "I want to go to the
Brooklyn bridge," she wailed.
"Meroy!" exclaimed the scientist,
'haven't you got to the bridge ret?"
HERE IS THE LATEST
HAREM BATHING SUIT
GARMENT DECLARED TO BE FOR
WOMEN SWIMMERS RATHER
THAN FOR POSERS.
Chicago.--We have scoffed at the
harem skirt; but we bow to the harem
bathing suit. It is something entirely
new and a change which has I een
much needed. The luxury of the mod
ern bathing suit for women reached
Its climax in the satin-embroidered
and be-flowered affairs of last year,
which were extremely costly and abso
lutely unserviceable. There were
satin caps, bathing parasols and reti.
cules to match, all costly, perishable
and useless for bathing, whatever
they may have been for posing on the
Harem Bathing Sut.
Harem Bathing Suit.
each. And the woman as she strolled
poan the sands was a thing of beauty
utt no swimmer.
The harem bathing suit is practical
nd sensible. It is intended to swim
0, not to pose in. And it is far more
,lodest than the average beach bath.
ng suit. It consists of a regular
:Ian's sweater and a skirt, made trou,
er-fashion, with a panel in front
"hich clasps on each of the trouser
gs, and can be quickly loosened
vhen the wearer is in the water.
'omewhat wider skirt trousers come
vithout the panel. They are intended
o be worn with long tights or with
he combination garment which many
vomen wear in the water under the
PULLS THE PYTHON'S TEETH
Three Are Extracted to Relieve Suf
fering of Huge New Yo.k
Zoo 8 rpent.
New York.-The 13-foot African
nyLhon in the snake cage of the Cen
rral Park menagerie recently devel.
,ped it swelling on one side of its
head By Director Smith's order an
examination of the serpent's mouth
A keeper opened the jaws with a
stick and Keeper Burns looked into
,he mouth to get a line on the swell.
Pulling the Python's Teeth.
ing. He reported a gumboil on the
right side of the jaw. The boil, In
h, opinion, was caused by decayed
teev. and it was decided that to cure
the trouble it was necessary to do
some tooth pulling. A pair of pincers
was obtained and Burns got a grip
on one of the needlelike teeth and
yanked it out.
The python didn't like the experi
ence and wriggled his tail loose and
lashed about. There was a brief
struggle until Snyder secured a fresh
bold of the tail and kept the patient
quiet. Three more teeth were ex.
tracted and then the keeper dentist
lanced the boil and washed the
wounded parts with artiseptic fluid.
GIFI Masquerades as a Boy.
After she had been masquerading as
a man for eight months, the identity
of Mrs. Mary Owens has been discov
ered and she has been forced to leave
the factory town of Saxon Mille, 8. C.
The young woman had become engag
ed to a sixteen-year-old girl, who is
broken-hearted over the revelation.
Eight months ago,, when "Oscar"
Owens, his mother and young brother
came to live in Saxon Mills, "he" was
hailed by all as one of the finest young
men who had ever come to that town.
"He" was a leader in the social life
of the mill workers and always ready
for any sport that was proposed. Soon
after "he" started to work in one 'of
the mills the supposed young man
met a girl worker, and within a short
time it was announced that they were
engaged. Owens told the girl that they
would be married wheo "he" had sav
ed up enough money to buy a cottage.
Wearing male attire was evidently
not as comfortable to the young wom
an as she tried to make it seem, and,
as a rest, some days ,ago she put on
woman's garb again to take a walk.
One of the policemen of the tow!?
thought he recognized the young mill
worker, and her arrest followed.
The English royal treasures are
stored in steel-lined vaults in Bucking.
ham palace and in vaults of masonry,
many feet thick, in Windsor castle. In
Russia the imperial treasures find a
secure resting place in the hermitage
in St. Petersburg. The valuables have
been catalogued by Count Ivan Tols
toy. In the collection are to be found
some wonderful cabinets in the epoch
of Catherine II., and two superb vases
in bronze which adorned the bedcham
ber of Marie Antoinette. Works of
beauty are the lockets of Potemkin
and Souwarow, in form of pendants
adorned with diamonds and other
precious stones. The gallery of porce
lain contains a remarkable service of
1,700 pieces of the time of Catherine
II. The smallest plate cost $1,200.
When the great fire occurred at the
Winter Palace, eighty of these pre
cious plates were stolen. Seventy
were afterwards recovered, but ten
are still missing, and it is suggested
that they may be found in some pri
Curious Birth Notification.
Remarkable notifications of births
occasionally reach the public health
authorities in London-written some
times in large schoolboy hard, prob
ably dictated to her son by a mother,
or by a neighbor. The following ex
ample is taken from a report for the
past year, which has just been issu
ed: "To the Gentlemen of the Gard.
ians.-I am taking my pen in band
hoping you are in the best of health
as it leaves mother at present and for
me to say that she has had a baby
girl according to the rules of the board
'of health this is all at present with
best rispects from-Perce. it iso a
girl and she has got to have the name
of rose after mother but father he
don't hold with it. Excuse pencil, no
more at present" In such letters it
is not uncommon to find the name,
the date and the address omitted.
Killed Bear With His Fists.
What is claimed to be the champion
bear story of the season was told by
Williamn Smith of Syracuse, N. Y., who
returned to Boulder, Colo., recently
after a hunting trip of two weeks in
the mountains. Smith claims to have
killed a 250-pound black bear with a
blow of his fist. After the bear had
killed two valuable dogs with strokes
of his paws, Smith, according to his
story, put on a pair of brass knuckles
and swung on the bear's Jaw, knock.
ing him out. Then, he said, he beat
the bear about the head and spine un
til he was dead.
Success of the Pasteur Treatment
The latest report of the Pasteur in
stitute of Paris shows a continuou
decrease in the number of cases o
rabies occurring or treated in France
In 1886 the institute treated 2,67
cases, of which 25 proved fatal. Ii
1896 1,308 cases were treated, onl1
four of which proved' fatal. in 1901
the number of cases had fallen to 524
and in 1909 to 467, with one fata
case in each of these years. In 1910
401 cases were treated, and there wat
no death. The earlier fatal cases art
ascribed to the fact that the treat
ment was too long delayed.
Stopped Train to Shoot QuUll.
"Passengers on the Southern Indi
ana railway from Westport to Eliza
bethtown had a bad scare one morn
Ing recently when the train came to t,
standstill in a cornfield and report'
of a gun were heard a few minute
later," said a traveling man. "The
thought they were going to be belt
up and that murder had already beer
committed. Their fears were allayec
however, when a trainman came in
side and reported that the brakema'
had seen a covey. of quail and ha:
stopped the train to take a shot a
Thomas Gleason of Canaan, Me., he
a cat that earns almost enough hunt
ing to support a family. The cat on,
week, while on one of its hunting ey
peditions, brought home a mink. Th
owner sold the hide for five dollars
This cat will quite often go into thb
woods, catch a rabbit, and the anima
being too heavy to lug hoems he wt:
gnaw it in two and bring one-half as
Irony of Fate.
Miss Helen Jones of Herford, Pa
has purchased at a bankrupt sale th.
farm of a man forced in bankruptc:
by a breach of promise judgment it
ILLNESS OF ELEPHANTS AND.
Elephants are known to suffer wi th
rheumatism and fevers, boa constrict.
or,. have colic and toothache, and the
little honey tee is subject to diseases
caused by bacilli which at times reach
the virulence of a plague. When an
r'cphant is ill the keeper in charge
mixes up a pail of medicated water or
inserts the proper medicines in ap
!es and the mammoth eats his way
to recovery or fails in the effort.
Snakes are put on a low diet-water
and air-for a month or two, and they
likewise wr!ggle themselves back to
health or curl up in preparation for
transportation to the reptilian here
after. But with the bee pills, po
tions and plasters will not do. It can
not be fed with a spoon' or undergo
The British Beekeepers' association
is just now fighting the scourge
among its untold millions of honey
producers. The disease has made
such rapid headway that the supply
of honey will be greatly reduced. It
is supposed to have been introduced
into Great Britain from warmer and
drier continental countries. Tocheck
it bees are being reared in the coldest
and dampest parts of England. Those
that survive * possess a hardiness
which makes them abler to resist the
diseases which affect bees of less
The American bee is, generally
jpeaking, a healthy insect, and. Ameri
can honey is not surpassed by any in
GRANDMOTHER OF MONARCHS.
It Is curious to think how many
thrones are and will be occupied by'
the descendants of the late Queen Vice
toria. In Prussia we have her eldest
grandson, Kaiser Wilhelm; in Norway
reigns her granddaughter, Queen
Maud In Sweden the crown princess
is a granddaughter of the late queen,
and other grandchildren are the Grand
Duke of Hesse, the Crown Princess ot
Sreece, the Empress of Russia, the
Crown Princess of Rumania, the Queen
of Spain, the hereditary Princess of
Saxe-Meiningen. Among the great
grandchildren of the late queen ate
the German crown prince, the czare
witch, the Prince of the Asturias,
Prince George of Greece, the eldest
son of the crown prince of that Ilk,
Prince Carol of Rumania, the Crown
Prince of Norway and Prince Gustav
of Sweden-no less than seven kings,
and two of them are heirs of empires.
In a very short time there will be no
•royal family in Europe that Is not de
scended from Queen Victoria.
FEET AND SANITY.
Statistics prove that sanity can be
measured by the feet both in men
and women, but the rules for the two
sexes are the inverse of one another.
In the Paris Academy of Sciences M.
Edmond Perrier read a report by
Messrs. A. Marie and MacAuliffe,
which appears conclusive. Sane men
have large feet, and sane women small
feet. Conversely, beware of the small
footed male and the large-footed fe
male. Out of 100 normal men, ac
.ording to the report, 18 have small
feet, and out of 100 insane men only
24 have large feet. The propottions
for women are almost exactly re
versed. Twenty-three sane women
of 100 have large feet, and, on the
contrary, only 18 per cent, of mad
women have small feet. The ancient
popular opinion that a small foot is
a beauty in women is thus proved
sound. Even the Chinese may be
justified if, by reducing a woman's
foot, you may increase her sanity.
* The flag of Denmark, a plain red
banner bearing on it a white cross,
is the oldest flag now in existence.
Flor over 300 years both Norway and
Sweden *were united with Denmark
under this flag. In the year 1219 King
Waldemar of Denmark, when leading
his troops to battle against the Livon
lans, saw or thought he saw a bright
light in the form of a cross in the sky.
He held this appearance to be a prom
Ise of divine aid, and pressed forward
to vtftory. From this time he had
the cross placed on the flag of his
country, and called it the Dannebrog,
that is, the strength of Denmark.
ORIGIN OF THE THREE BALLS.
The three golden balls used as a
pawnbroker's sign appeared in Eng
land in very early times. The sign
was used by the Lombard merchants
who emigrated to London from Italy.
These merchants established the first
nawnbroker establishments, and it Is
4enerally held that they adopted the
'hree golden balls to be borne o0
the arms of the Lombard corporation
prom the armorial bearings of the
ledici family, which was conspicuous
mong the Lombard merchant'princes