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The times. (Washington [D.C.]) 1897-1901, March 26, 1897, Image 1

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THE TIMES' CIRCULATION
YESTERDAY WAS
line.
Fair "weather; freezing In tlie morning,
followed by slowly rising temperature;
light to fresh northwesterly winds.
jiimfa;i;i;i!PB8iiiiijipWPiil
COPIES.
3SO. 1,103.
AYASHIraTOlSr, 2TJRIDAY MORSTENG, MATJCH 26. 1897 EEGHT PAGrES.
CXNE CENT.
THE WEATHER.
s-.a.fe6s
38,210
FIGHTING AROUND IMS
Insurgents Have Captured the
Town and Fired Houses.
THE TUKKS ARE OUTCLASSED
Driveu From the Bloclthoue by
the Greeks Dynamite "Used to
Demolish IIoum'S- British Hijti-
lamlers Came Xcur Hehig F.red
lT)on Ju Guild lu.
Canca, March 25. The fighting in the
ricinity of Malaxa continued throughout
(the day. It was especially desperate at 3
o'clock this afternoon in the village of
Tsicalaria, where the insurgents set fire
to a number of Turkish houses.
The insurgents are now occupying Ma
laxa. The European warships shelled them
tiiis afternoon, the firing lasting t,en min
utes. The insurgents, however, held their
ground close to the ruins of the bltck-
"house from which they drove the Turkish
garrison last night, and did not seem to
greatly mind the bombardment.
"When tlie Turkish troops evacuated the
block house they set lire to it, in order
that it might not furnisli a shelter to
their enemies. It was, however, badly
wiecked by the fire of the rebels.
It is evident that the Turkish troops
here are no match for the insurgents. A
body of troops made an attempt today to
gain the heights above Ncrok-Ouru, where
the Keratidi block house is situated. "With
this position and tlie one at Malaxa in
their possession tlie insurgents would be
able to completely blockade Canca from
the land side-
xx The ttoops had gone only a little dis-
iCJf tance when they were attacked by in-'T-?
burgeuts, who diove thine back. Later
another attempt was made to reach the
heights, but tliib, too, proved unsuccess
ful. A body of insurgents made an attack upon
the Turkish cordon at Ualepu. Tlie Turks
had a number of mountain guns, and the
fire from them prevented the insurgents
from coming to close quarters. It was this
alone which saved tiie Moslems Jrotii de
feat. Montevardia and Ilalepa are both within
range of the guns of the insurgents, who
- continue to shell both places.
Tins evening part or Malaxa was blown
up with dynamite, and the rest of the
town is burning. The Turkish warships
In Suda Bay are bombarding the in
surgents, but their fire appeal's to be
wholly ineffective.
Malaxa is one tf the towns mentioned
by the foiclgn admirals in their piocla
matfon. issued on Tuesday, that niustiiot
be attacked by the deck trcops or in
surgents. Tlie admirals declared that tl e fortlli
cntious, "wine h nvcie needed to "maintain
tecuiity and quiet,' must not be fired
upon, otherwise they would usefoice against
the attackeis.
It was the disobedience of the insurgents
to this pioclamation that kd the fexeign
warships to bombard them. These ves
sels filed ninety shells, thico or which
fell -within the foits.
After the place had been evacuated by
its Turkish garrison, which numbered
tlxty-four men. the troops scatteredin any
direction that led to tlie coast in ord.r to
escape fiom their pursuers.
One of them i cached Xerok-Ouru and
eighteen managed to make their way to
Buda. Theothcrshavenotbei-n heard from,
and it is. supposed that they were killed.
The Mussulman-- here, and they comprise
almost the entiie population, arc in a state
of gicat excitement. They fear that the
insuigents, elated by their capture and de
struction of Malaxa, will attack Keratidi.
A force of 500 Highlanders were landed
at Candia today and their appearance in
the city caused the most intense excite
ment. Tlie populace were evidently ig
norant of their coining until they were in
the town.
Tlie Turkish troops were also at a loss
to account for their presence, and ap
parently thought that they were about
to lie attacked. Tlie Turkish officers had
much difficulty in preventing their men
from firing on the British troops.
The garrison troops rushed to theshore
from all directions, loading their rifles
as they ran, and uttering threats against
the British.
The latter remained perfectly cool and
eventually tlie irritation was calmed. All
danger, however, is not over.
Tlie Turkish troops do not appear to
grasp the fact that the presence of the
foreigners is practically tlie only thing
that saves them from annihilation. Swarms
of Turkish soldiery armod to the teeth
are parading about tlie streets, giving
Tolce to their fierce hatred of all infidels.
Tlie slightest spark may at any moment
produce a fatal outbreak. It would be a
queer commentary on tlie Turkish grati
tude to find the Moslems and their Chris
tian allies engaged in a bloody religious
feud, and it would further complicate the
situation.
A number of Italian troops have also
arrived at Candia.
HAY SEARCH AMERICAN SHIPS.
Blockade of Crete Includes Vessels
of All Nations.
London, March 25. In the House of
Commons today Right Hon. George N.
Curzon, under foreign secretary, said in
reply to an inquiry on the subject, that
British and American merchantmen and
vessels of the same class of other nation
alities consigned to agents at ports In
Crete, were liable to be searched should
they attempt to reach their destinations
despite tlie blockade of the island. They
would also run tlie risk of being prevented
from deliveiing their cargoes, at the dis
cretion of" tlie admirals commanding the
foreign warships in Cretan waters. The
blockade, Mr. Curzon said, was a measure
of policy enforced with the consent of
the sovereign power
Mr. Curzon also said that Sir Philip
Currie, British ambassador at Constanti
nople, had been instructed to urge upon
the representatives of the powers, as
well as upon the porte, the idea that the
withdrawal of the Turkish troops from
Crete would greatly facilitate the with
drawal of the Greeks from the island.
The Turkish Army.
Elassona, Marcli 25. There are 55,000
men in the camps of the Turkish army
3eKt2CnllK. ner lieu, TOO lbs., Sl.GO.
Llbbey & Ca.Gth st. and New Torkave. tf
Ivy Institute Business College, Sth andK.
None better. 25 a year, day or night.
stationed here. Everywhere along the
route there is the greatest enthusiasm,
discipline, and order nmorigthctroops. The
nourishment and health .we excellent.
VASSOS SPREADING HErORTS.
He Tells the Cretans of the Power.'
riuns.
St. Petersburg, March 25. Advices re
ceived here show that Col. Vassosis busy
spreading a report among the Cretan in
surgents that the powers wish to deliver
them into the hands of the Turks.
The Greeks themselves openly declare
that their-alm is to set Europe by the ears,
but that is well known here, and is being
thoroughly checkmated.
If the Greeks continue to prove stubborn
they will probably receive a notification
that in case they force the situation by
compelling tlie Turks to an attack, they
need expect neither help nor sympathy.
GUNS COME DOTVX.
Turks Ordered to Take Them From
Prevesu Fortlf lent Ions.
Athens, March 25. Advices that have
been received here show that the Turks,
in accordance witli instructions from Con
stantinople, have begun to dismount the
guns placed by them upon the foi tificatious
at Prevesa, on the Turkish side of the Gulr
of Arta.
Tnesc fortifications were constructed in
direct violation of the provisions of the
treaty of Berlin, and the commander of
the Greek fleet a few days ago notified
tlie Turkish commander that if the guns
were not dismounted he would bombard tlie
works.
GENERAL ORDER OF ADMIRALS.
International Re-enforcements Ex
horted to Set Cretan an Example.
Canca, March 25. Tlie foreign admirals
today issued a general order to the inter
national re-en To rcements exhorting them
to set an example to the Cretans, whom
the powers have charged them to pro
tect from the horrors of a civil war.
The order concludes: "The enterprise
we are embarked upon will be difficult
and ortcn painful. "We rely upon you
to defend the interests of humanity and
the honor of our flag."
"Will Command the Greeks.
Athens, March 25. The crown piince
will start at 4 o'clock tomorrow morning
for Thessaly, where he will take command
of the Gteck troops. Tlie early hour
ut which lie will leave the city is due
to a desire to avoid a demonstration.
The United States to Greece.
Athens, March 25. Tlie lesolution re
cently adopted bj the Senate of the United
States, expressing sympathy with Gieece
in her struggle in behalf of the Cretan
Clinstians.arrivcd heie today.
LEE AND THE RUIZ CASE
It Is Denied That He Refuses to
Pursue the Inquiry.
State Department Officials Suy There
lias Been No Correspondence
Upon That Point.
It was denied yesterday at the Stale De
partment that there had beea any intima
tion from Consul General Lee of his pur
pose to refuse to have any part in a second
investigation of tlie Ruiz case at Havana.
It was authoritatively stated that there
had b"en no recent correspondence with
Gen. Lee touching that question, and also
tiiat he had not been given any instruc
tions as to the reinvestigation.
It is nevertheless believed that Gen. Lee
is averse to entering upon an inquiry which
from the very nature of affatrsmusteventu
ate in tlie clearing of the Spanish authori
ties and their subordinates from responsi
bility for the death of Dr. Ruiz. There
is no longer any doubt, it is said, of the
fact that the dead man had. a rightful
claim upon tills country for protection,
his citizenship having been thoroughly
established, but the manner of his dcarh
cannot now be proved, since the witnesses
are believed to be no longer accessible
A story recently obtained currency that
Gen. Lee had notified tlie State Depart
ment of his disinclination to pursue the
investigation, for the reason stated. It
was also alleged thut Secretary Sherman
had determined to copy the correspondence
to that effect, and also all othcrcorrespond
ence which has any bearing upon the
subject, for submission to the President,
and if, in the latter's Judgment, It should
not lie incompatible with the public in
terests, the whole matter would be laid
berore Congress It was a part of the story
that Gen. Lee is anxious to lie relieved
of his position at Havana, for personal, as
well as other reasons, and that his resigna
tion, which has been in tlie President's
hands ever since the inauguiation, will be
accepted speedily, and his successor
named. The situation In Cuba Is said to bO
harassing to the consul general, and his
duties distasteful
The Administration Is daily adding to
the precautions against an infringement
or the neutrality laws, the latest step
being to notify the customs officers to
guard gaainst the exportation of the muni
tions of war to tlie Cubans, nnd to ex
ercise diligence In the enforcement of the
regulations, to which emphasis was re
cently given in the Executive order as
to the clearance of vessels for foreign
porta.
STRUCK BV A TRAIN.
Sandy Jones, n, nucltster, Narrowly
Escaped Death.
SaDdy Jones, a colored huckster, living
at Alexandria, was struck by an engine on
the road between here and that city yester
day morning while coming into town with
a load of produce.
The train was moving slowly, which
fact alone prevented a seiious accident.
Jones was knocked from his seat and
thrown to the ground, but was not seri
ously Injured.
Adjourned. Without Action.
The National Soldiers' Home Eoard ad
journed yesterday without taking any ac
tion on the case of Andrew J. Smith, gov
ernor of the Soldiers' Home at Leaven
worth, Kan. The board will meet a month
from now at Dayton, Ohio. The present
meeting was badly crippled by the illness
and absence. of members and did little or
nothing.
Mantels, Any Size, Si.00 Apiece.
Llbbcy&Co.,6th st and New York ave. tf
Another Horrible Massacre of
Armenians liy the Moslems.
GREAT BRITAIN CALLS A HALT
Ambassador Carrie Setidh the
"Strongest Note" of Protest to
the Sultan Turkish Officials Im
plicated Immediately Dismissed.
Trial of the Murderers.
Constantinople, Marcli 25. Accurate de
tails or the recent massacres of Aimenlaiis
at Tokat, in the Slvas district of Anatolia,
have been received at the Armenian
patriarchate here. The first report of
the affair was Issued by the government.
This declared that fifteen Armenians and
three Mussulmans had been killed. Little
reliance was placed In the report, for the
officials have always made it a rule to
understate the number of persons killed
in tlie various massacres.
Later information was received at the
embassies showing that fully 100 de
fenseless Armenians had rallen victims to
the fury or the Moslems at Tokat, and this
number, it was thought, was probably cor
rect. Tlie news received oday at tlie Pa
triaichate shows thatboth. statements were
incorrect and that the number of victims
was rully (00. It was stated at the Pa
triarchate today that these figures were
obtained from reliable persons at Tokat
and the vicinity, and that the number of
victims stated is without doubt correct.
Sir Philip Currie, the British ambassador,
made a most vigorous protest against the
massacre in a note to tlie Porte, a note
which was said to have been the stiongest
ever delivered by an ambassador to the
Turkish government. The result of his
action was shown today, when tlie sultan
ordered the dismissal and immediate ar
rest or the Turkish "officials in Tokat who
arc suspected of complicity in the massacre
and the appointment of a special commis
sion to tiy them.
It is believed that the Urltish ambas
sador will watch the trial closely to see
that it does not prove a farce, as to
many trials of Moslem officials charge'
with the Hinders of Christians have been.
Mgr. Ormanian, the Armenian Patriarch,
has made a protest to tlie sultan against
the murdeis at Tokat, and lias added force
to his protest by insisting that the tultau
shall accept his resignation," which was
tendered some time ago. At that time the
sultan refused to accept it, and promised
the Patriarch that further concessions
would be made to the Armenians. His
miJcsty asked, however, that the granting
of these 'concessions be deferred until after
Easter. The massacre at Tokat followed.
Eight Armenians were arrested here
today as a measure of precaution, tlie i
government fearing that the news of the
Tokat massacre might precipitate an out
break. Tlie prisoners are suspected of
having been engaged In an attempt to make
a demonstration here.
11 III DG l:S SWEPT A WAV.
The Town of Newton, Ga,, Sur
rounded by Water.
Albany, Ga., March 25. "With one ex
ception, the bridge over the Flint River
at this point, there Is not a public bridge
left in this county. The iron bridge
across the Kincheefoonee creek, recently
built Jointly by Doughty and Lee counties,
and costing: $8,000, was swept away last
night without a vestige being left.
The bridge of the Albany and Northern
Railroad, across the same stream, went
about the same time, and this, with the
absence of a bridge over the Flint re
cently knocked down by a lumber raft,
places that road In a bad fix. Traffic
has been lesumed on-the Biurmwlck and
"Western and the Savannah, Florida and
Western Roads. Trains on the Columbia
Road will hardly be running before Mon
daj , as there are several bad washouts on
that line, nnd the trestle across Nolhaway
Creek is entirely submerged.
Newton, the county site of Baker, is a
regular Venice, the people there being
compelled to go about in boats. The
freshet has done thousands of dollars
damage, and it will be some time before
its effects will be overcome.
INFORMATION FOR CONGRESS.
Civil Service Commission Explains
the Application of Rules.
In response to a Senate resolution, the
Civil Service Commission yesterday sent to
the Senate copies of all its orders, etc.,
relative to the application of tlie civil ser
vice rules to the operations of the engineer
department under the "War Department.
This class was put under the civil service
by President Cleveland May (5, 1896. Tho
commission, at some length, shows what
the law Is and how persons are employed,
and adds that, so far as tlie commission is
concerned, there has been no cause for
delay or embarrassment in filling vacan
cies or in carrying on the operations in
charge of the department. With respect
to the futuro, the commission says itdqes
not see how the provisions of the civil ser
vice rules can interfere with or embarrass
tlie operations of the department.
The commission says that- it believes,
when its plans have beea perfected, the
operations of tlie engineer department will
be conducted in a better maunerthan under
tlie old system.
AN APPKAL DIRECTED.
New Vorlt Traffic Association Case
to Go Higher.
Attorney General McKenna has directed
District Attorney Macfarlane, at New York,
to take an appeal from the decision of
the circuit court of appeals, delivered at
New York last Friday, in favor of the
joint Trarric Association, composed of
Eastern trunk lines. Tills case is closely
allied to that of the Trans-Missouri Freight
Association, in which the United States
Supreme Court last Monday held that the
anti-trust law was constitutional.
"When the papers in the appeal arrive
here tlie Attorney General will ask the
Supreme Court to advance the case so that
JJb can be heard at the present term.
2o mi tuitions Confirmed.
The Senate has confirmed the follow
ing nominations:
Boyd B. Jones, United States attorney
for the district of Massachusetts.
Bernard Bettmau, collector of intern.al
revenue for the First district of Ohio.
Chester II. Bru6h, of Connecticut, to
be recorder of the General Laud Office.
A 2s EW PARTY T,AUNCI1ED.
FreeSJIver Republicans of Nebraska
Meet ntfLincoIn.
Lincoln, Neb., March 25 A new politi
cal party was launched in Nebraska to
day. It is composed- of members who
have heretofore affiliated with tlie Re
publicans, but last N'ovcmbcr voted for W.
J. Bryan for President on the cuirency
epiestion alone.
The convention which met in Lincoln
this afternoon "was not largely attended.
Charles Wooster, a member of the lower
house of the legislature, was made chair
man. The present name, Free Silver Re
publicans of Nebraska, was retained.
Judge I), i). Gregory, of Omaha, was
made the Nebraska member of tlie national
committee, and a, State organization was
effected.
Six Congressional district committeemen
were also selected and arrangements per
fected for carrying on an -active cam
paign. Contrary to expectations, Mr.
Bryan was not present.
WATERS CREEPING HIGHER
Kaw River Squatters Take Refuge
ou the Bluffs'.
A Veritable Mill Hace Rushing
Through Birds' Point, Mo. Every
Douse in Village Threatened.
Kansas City, Mo., March 25. TheMissouri
River Ih within 2 8 feet or the danger line
today, and the indfcntlnns'nrc that it will
go at least oae foot higher by tomonow
morning. The bottom at tlie mouth of the
Kaw River, is overflowed, and tlie squat
ters have been compelled to take refuge on
the bluffs.
The Belt Line Railway tracks are under
water in places, and serious trouble is
reared The Armour Packing Company
has a large rorce of men at work to guard
against damage by thu expected overflow.
Quincy, III., .March L'5.- The river rose
eight inches at this place In thepasttweuty
four hours, and now marks 13.3 feet. A
large number or mennreat work strength
ening the levees. 'Should the water go
three feet higher it will overflow the banks.
Uenrdstown, 111., March 25. The river
is now above high-water mark, and the
roads leading to this city nre under water
to a depth of ten inches In places. A nuni
ber of the people living on the low lands
have been obliged lo leave their homes.
Helena, Ark , March 25. Another break
In the levee at Fifteen-Mile Bayou, nine
miles below Modoc, ip reported this morn
ing. It is now over 500 feet In width and
hourly increasing.
Assistant United States; Engineer Notty
arrived from that point this morning and
states that in his opinion all tho White
River levee system, from Modoc south will
eventually go to' pieces.
Charleston, Mo , March 35. Severn "rrriqre
breaks In the levee at BIrd6' Point have
occurred since last night, and a current
of water as strong as a. mill race is rush
ing through the center of that village. Al
ready a dozen houses have been swept
from their foundations, and it how looks
as if there will not fie a, building left in
tlie' place.
Fortunately thcdwfcllers had ample warn
ing and removed most of their household
goods and merchnnfllss.
MR. CHILTON'S AMENDMENT
He Advocates It WHh a Great Deal
of Warmth.
Mr. Morgan Says Any General
Scheme of Arbitration Js u
Snare and Pitfall.
The debate on tlie arbitration treaty
jesterday afternoon was of short duration.
Mr. Chilton spoke for almost an hour on
his amendment to the first article, which
amends that article so -as to provide that
only such matters shall be submitted to
arbitration as the Seriate then in exist
ence may deem proper for aibitration.
Mr. Chilton advocated Ills amendment
with a great deal of wannth, and con
tended that if, as had been asserted, the
terms of the treaty were interpreted as
meaning this, there could be no good ob
jection raised to the insertion of wor''s
that made that interpietatlon unmistaka
ble. It was in the interest of clearaess
and should be accepted as such by nil
friends of the treaty. Without his modi
fication, Mr. Chilton said, the UnitcdStatcs
might in the future be charged with vio
lating its treaty obligations IT it refused
to submit certain questions to arbitration
when they arose as matters of difference
between the two countries. He did not
want the United States to be placed in an
embarrassing position of this kind and
deemed it the part of prudence to make
the text of the convention so perfectly
plain that there" could be no quibbling over
what it means or whatr the Senate had in
mind when the treaty was agreed to, if
it should be agreed to. The debates were
secret-and hi the future the cold, hard text
of the treaty would alone be accepted i,s
tlie expression of what vas intended when
the convention was ratified and pro
claimed to the world. '
Mr. Morgan again spoke in favor of the
amendment, and 'took the occasion to ex
press his displeasure at any proposed treaty
with Great Britain that liad for its purpose
any general scheme of arbitration. The
whole tiling was a snare, and a pitfall, but
if there were sufficient votes In tlie Senate
to ratify tlie convention, Senator1 Morgan
said he wautedit made as nearly perfect
as possible.
Messrs. Gray, Davis, TToar, and Lodge
i interrupted Mr. "Chiltoii with questions
tending to show that his conclusions were
erroneous. They also Injected state
ments "in support of the committee amend
ments, which had been agreed to. as
being sufficient to cover every possible
criticism that could be made against the
treaty. Senator Gray, took the floor in
opposition to the Cliiltou amendment, after
Mr. Morgan had concluded, but not de
siring to go on today, the Senate came out
of executive session arid resumed the con
sideration of legislative business.
Tassed th.e Assembly.
Albany, N. TM March 25. Both anti
trust bills Introduced by ,thc Lexow trust
investigating-committee have passed the
assembly without amendment They now
go to the Senate "for action.
Blinds, $1; Small Sizes, 75e n "Pair.
Libbcy & Co.,Gth st. arid New Tork ave. tf
WEST FOR CDMHISSIOIER
The President Said to Have De
cided to Appoint Him.
A STANCH SILVER DEMOCRAT
The Young Newspaper Man Das
Ueen Strongly Urged for the
IMnce Tiie Probabilities Are Tnat
Mr. Chupin Brown "Will lie the
Republican Member.
Mr. Henry Litchfield West, a stanch sil
ver man, is to be DemoeralicComtnl&sioner
to succeed Mr. John W. Ross, ir President
McKlnley does not change Ida mind be
tween now and the time he makes the
nomination to the Senate. This may be
stated on the authority or Senators and
Members oT Congress who have seen the
President in Mr. West's behalf.
This appointment was not sought by
Mr. West. In Mr. Webt's ease tills is an
actual statement of ract. It Is said ttiat
he had not thought or the position when
his name was rirst mentioned, and that
since then he has done no lobbying. He
has been supported Tor the position, how
ever, by Democratic and Republican Sen
ators and Members nnd business men of
a number and importance that must be
extremely gratifying to him.
It is bald that Mr. West lias, more than
anything else, his youth and his integrity
to thank for this appointment. The Presi
dent is known to have desired a man ror
the position upon whom there could rest
not the slightest taint of coporation or real
estate or other influence, a man who
would be absolutely independent. The new
Commissioner lias a large amount of youth
ful energy in his favor, too, and this the
President llkee. Mr. West will be able
to work hard on the city problems and to
accomplish things Tor us.
The other fuctor that has made
this gentleman a good man for the place
Is his thorough knowledge or District ur
falrs. It is probable that no one eke in
Washington Is better acquainted with tlie
city than lie. Ills newspaper work has
brought him into contact and intimate re
lations with all branches of the Govern
ment, and with the people who have had
it in charge. He has had the confidence
of all these people, and lias obtained in
side knowledge.
Mr. West was born in New Tork, but
came to Washington when he was sit
years old. His father, Robert A. West,
who was formerly on the Commercial Ad
vertlser, cauio down to Washington to
tukp charge of the Chronicle, then Mr.
Forney's paper. Harry lived in George
town then, and when tit: w& thirteen years
jild started bib newspaper carccx-Jn tlie
weekly Georgetown Courier. He has
been In tlie business ever sinc2, and is now
thirty-eight years old.
He lias been a silver man from the be
ginning, nnd has written ably and forcibly
in defense of the white jmctal on every
occasion. Mr. West is an intimate per
sonal friend of William Jennings Bryan,
and will unquestionably receive Mr. Bryan's
telegram of congratulations when that
gentleman receives ills copy of The Times.
Young West is a slender gentleman with
a close cropped Vandyke beard, of a light
ish hue, and lie has a newspaper man air.
Besides being an authority on silver and
on politics in general, one of the best in
Washington, he is a thorough musical and
dramatic critic with accurate technical
knowledge. His writings have grace, and
humor, too, when humor is desirable as
well as force.
Tlie new Republican member of the
commission will probably be Mr. Chapin
Brown, who Is also a young man, only
forty-two years old. Mr. Brown was
born in Maine, but has lived In Washing
ton for thirty years. He was educated
at Columbian University, and is now presi
dent of the alumni of that institution.
Mr. Brown is a prominent niemLer of
tlie Washington bar and has rrequently
been mentioned in connection with vacan
cies on the bench. His ability as a
lawyer is universally recognized.
He is a good citizen or Washington nnd
has identified himself with many or the
city's important movements. He has beea
school trustee and trustee of the Girls'
Reform School. During the recent in
augural preparations and festivities he
was an active member of the general ex
ecutive committee.
The prospective Republican Commissioner
Is a handsome man witli a genial and com
panionable smile and a fine growth of
ruddy whiskeis. It is said by his friends
that both the smile and the whiskers are
reflections of the perfections of the gen
tleman himself.
A Hullding to Themselves.
New SToik, March 25. A two-days' ses
slonof the board of directorsof the National
Cycle Board of Trade was concluded today.
The directors of tlie Tennessee Centennial
and International Exhibition, to be held
at Nashville, Twin., applied for sanction
to enable the membcisof the beard to ex
hibit bicycles at this show, and have ex
pressed a willingness to set aside an ex
clusive building for the exhibition of l.i
cycles. Tlie sanction asked for was unani
mously crantcd.
The Cuban Hndget.
London, March 25. A dispatch to the
Times fiom Havana, which that paper will
publish tomorrow, says that the Cuban bud
get for the ensuing fiscal year places the
ordinary expenses at $38,000,000 and the
extra expenses at $83,000,000. It is esti
mated that the revenue will amount to
$30,000,000, but it will probably not ex
ceed SI 5,000,000.
Huriied to Death.
Rockland, Me., March 25 Mrs. Eliza
beth Pease, aged seventy-five jears, was
burned to death Wednesday afternoon at
the homeofllcr daughter, inppleton. The
old lady was alone in the iroin, when she
attempted to light her pipe with a shaving
and her clothing caught fire. She was
partially demented, and made no outcry.
She was dead when assistance ai rived.
Libelled for Salvage.
Halirax, Marcli 25. Tlie British steamer
Orthia, which was towed into this port
Tuesday by the British steamer Indra
lema, has been libelled by the latter
steamer for salvage. The amount claimed
Is $25,000.
Gave Testimony to Order.
New Tort, March 25. -Charles C. Gibson,
a private detective, was tonight found
guilty of perjury in general sessions. Gib
son wits charged witli giving false testi
mony in the trial or George Shrady for a
divorce from his wife Georgianna.
HUNTER CANNOT HE ELECTED.
Severul of His Supporters Ready
to Desert III in.
Louisville, Ky., March 25. A dispatch
from Frankfort, Ky., to the Courier-Journal
says:
Dr. W. G. Hunter cannot be elected.
United States Senator and he might as
well withdraw. Senator Stege, of Louis
ville, lias notified Dr. Hunter that he will
not vote for him again, and three other
supporters will leave him Saturday unless
he can shOT that he can win. Senator
Stege has paired with Senator Fulton
until Monday. They will leave Frank
fort today.
Stege is a millionaire distiller, and singly
told Hunter that he was not going to
waste any more time voting for him.
The second Joint ballot for United States
Senator was taken at noon today without
result. There were no changes from yester
day's vote except a closing up to Davie of
gold Democrats.
Representative Nance, an anti-Hunter
Republican, made a speecli declaring that
St. John Boyle was the real nominee. The
vote was: Hunter, 67; Blackburn, -lOjBoyle,
C; Davie, 13; Stone, 1.
The Republican State central committee
did not attempt to do anything with Gov.
Bradley this morning.
Tlie fight has reached such an acute
stage that detectives are watching mem
bers of the legislature, in order to frus
trate at once any attempts at bribery.
The Hunter managers were afraid to at
tempt to force another ballot, and the Joint
session adjourned at 12:45 p. m.
IN RESTRAINT OF TRADE
Judge Dillon's Interpretation of
the Railroad Decision.
Agreements Can He Made Only "With
Connecting I.ineM Even Reaton-
uble Interstate Rates Hnrred.
New York, March 25. rerhaps the most
thorough review of the decision against
the Tranf-Missouri association agreement,
and the most concise statement of the ef
fects of that decision, was made today
by rormer Judge John F. Dillon, hiniielf
a Jurist or note.
He said. "Substantially three propo
sitions were decided by the majority:
First, thut tbe provisions of the anti
trust act, sc-calied, on which the suit
of the United States against the Trans
Missouri Freight Association was brought,
extend to and embracT"The bTssIHcss or
interstate transportation by railways; sec
ond, that the particular agreement of the
eighteen companies which constituted the
Trans:-Jiissoun freight Association is an
agreement in restraint of interstate trade
and commerce, and therefore violates the
provisions of the untl-trust act, and, third,
that the United States has a standing
in a court of equity under that act to
enjoin the violation of its provisions in
a civil proceeding.
"I will tot criticize or discuss the opin
ion of the court, but I am willing to state
what it decides. On the first point it de
cides that all combinations which "are in
restraint of trade or commerce are pro
hibited by the anti-trust act, whether in
the form of trusts or in any other form
whatever, and that the anti-trust act cov
ers, and, in tlie opinion of the majority of
the court, was intended to cover, commdn
carriers by railroad.
"The next point decided by the court
is that the particular agreement which was
before the court, namely, the agreement
which constituted the Trans-Missouri
Freight Association, was an agreement
which violated the anti-trust act, because,
as held bj the court, it was an agreement
In restraint of trade or commerce among
tlie several States, as the court defines
the expression.
"It was admitted in the case that in
point of fact rates established under the
agreement were not unreasonable; also, as
above stated, that it did -not establish a
pool, either or tratfic or of earnings, and
that eacli company was left free to com
pete for and to get all the business it
could, and it was also admitted that
there was no intention on the part of
the companies in acting under It to violate
the statute or to secure any other end
than to prevent- disastrous rate wars and
to establish and maintain reasonable rates.
"Tlie question was whether under these
circumstances the agreement was one
which fell within the prohibition of the
anti-trust act.
"The majority of the court held that
the anti-trust act did apply to such an
agreement, and rendered it illegal. The
defendants conceded that trusts and con
tracts in restraint or trade were not, in
tlie absence of an act of Congress, in viola
tion of any law of the United States, that
the anti-trust act merely enacted the com
mon law on this subject and nothing more,
nnd that an agreement like the one in
question, providing simply for reasonable
rates, would not be invalid at common
law as being 'In restraint of trade or com
merce, and, therefore, was not invalid
under the statute.
"I cannot regard the decision of thema
Jority as holding anything less than that
railroad companies cannot, under the anti
trust act, maue any agreement, except pos
sibly with connecting line.", for fixing or
maintaining rates for interstate traffic,
even though such rates are reasonable and
although such incidental restraint as such
agreement might put upon commerce is a
reasonable one."
Saiiguilly in Philadelphia.
Philadelphia, March 25. Gen. Julio Saii
guilly was given a reception at the Acad
emy ot Music here this evening. Gen. Saii
guilly arrived in this city this afternoon
and was accompanied by Mrs Sanguilly,
Miss De Armas, Miss Sanguilly and Dr.
Lincoln se Zayas. The party was met at
the depot by a committee composed of dele
gates from many of the local Cuban clubs
and their American sympathizers and es
corted to their hotel.
Deaths of a Day.
James Brown, artist, at Boston, yester
day, aged sixty-one.
Charles Eliot, son of President Eliot, of
Harvard Colleger at Boston.
Col. L. C. Baker, superintendent of the
Western Union Telegraph Company in
St. Louis, at St. Louis, yesterday, aged
fifty-eight. 9
Ko.l Cellliic.Hended,! 25 ror 1(50 It.
Libbey & Co.,Gth st. and New lork ave. tf
GENERAL DEBATE CLOSED
Many Short and Bright Speeches
During the Day,
YOUNG 3IR. LENTZ MADE A HIT
.Terry Simpson Quoted Mr. MeKInley
in a "Way "Which Made Everyone
Ijiugli "Foreigners Ought to Ho
Thanhful "We Don't Dave a Twu-IHIIIon-Doilar
Congress."
naif a million Democrats were repre
sented on therioorot thellouseror twenty
minutes yesterday by a stout young gentle
man with a large head, ruddy ace and
blonde hair, pompadour. He made a dash
ing attack on the Dingleybiil, and won tho
hearty plaudits and congratulations or his
fellow-Democrats. He aitw waned up Mr.
Dolliver and Geu. Gr&.svt-nor. They se
cured time from the houralhttted Mr. Steele
as a member of tiie comniittuia which to
make reply. Tiie youngman was Mr. Lent,:,
or Columbus, Ohio, who succeeded Mr.
Watson. He spoke in the late campaign
with Mr. Bryan in New l'orlr, and is now
talked or for Democratic candiduteorgf v
ernor. An interesting fact in the connec
tion is that Ids law partner, Judge Nash,
was a candidate against Gov. Bushnell for
tlie nomination for governor; now Mr. Lentz
is likely to contest the next election with
the governor.
Short speeches characterized the clos
ing day or tlie general debate, and son.o
were ru!l of snap and fun notably rroru
Jerrt Simpson, Champ Clark, Judge lli
guire, Mr Curtis, and Mr Colson. Long,
vigorous arguments were made by Messrs.
Tawney, Daizell, Russell, and Payne, .Re
publican members or the committee, who
were privileged Tor more time, and a care
rul presentation of figures by Hon. Gahisha
Grow, of Pennsylvania. Others in the de
bate were Messrs Taibott, Gunn. Cox, Mc
liae, Uawley, and Fitzgerald.
Mr. Bailey did not fj.eak, but nvill tkse
for the Democrats on next Wednesday.
Mr. Dmgley will milow, bringing the
matter to a vote at 3 p. in. that day.
Mr. Bailey todav yielded his hour in the
generaldebatetoMr. DeAniiond,whoma.lo
a telling piesentaticn of tie Bemccratio
view of the proposed legislation. Hia
quiet, leisurely, but ftrceful style of cra.
tory has seldom leen mcie effective, and
he had nearly ail the Democratic leaders
and members as attentive auditors, while
the-galleries were packed. He tvas ap
plauded agam and again.
Today's debate will b under the five
minute rule. The session will begin at
10 a. m-
The early hours were taken up with
short speeches, except that by Mr. Tawney,
in which he exptalaed the effeet of the
duties on lead. Omt of Jerry Simpson's
hits was to reml from Mr. McKInley's
speech to-tne Minneapolis convention in.
which he said it was the polley of the
Republican party to tax foreigners rather
than the people of our own country to raise
money for the Government He then said:
"The idea is to pass this bill and make
the foreigner pay the taxes It iraptsCf.
It seems to me, in view or this fact, the
foreigner ougiit to be mighty thankful we
don't have a two billion dollar Congress,
instead of a single billion dollar Congress.
(Laughter and applause.)
Mr. Simpson referred t Mr. Walker's
speech, and Mr. Walker interjected that he
had declared that the purpose of taxa
tion was to distribute wealth among the
people.
"Putting that theory w-ith that or tho
President that the foreigner pays the tariff;
taxes," Mr. Simpson said, "and we hava
reached tlie ideal condition, where all we
have to do is to pass tarirr bills and oth.r
taxing measures, and lay back nnd work no
more."
It was near 1 o'clock when Mr. Lcntz
arose. He said there were six Ohio Demo
crats in this House representing -177,000
voters. He alone of them was given time
in the debate, and he protested ngaiast
their share being limited to twenty
minutes.
He addressed Republicans who had said
last fall they wanted to remonetize srlvtr,
but rould not do it without the consent
of other nations, and asked when they
had got the consent of other nations to
pass this bill, ir they got it it was re
ceived in a back parlor, and not given to
the House.
"How dare yon," he exclaimed, "legis
late on the subjects included in this bdl
without the consent of foreign powers if
you cannot legislate on money without their
consent. (Laughter and applause on the
Democratic side.)
"I want to say further that our friend
from Illinois (Mr. Cannon) a few days ago
gave me my first lesson on this floor.
We had appropriation bills railroaded
through here in a few minutes, taking out
of the pockets or the people $73,000,000.
Tou sneered at this side of the House,
gentlemen; you almost said: 'The people
be damned! This bill is going through
whether the people like It or not.' Tou
served notice upon us that tlie bills were
not open to discusionor amendment. Tour
chairman Of the Appropriations Committee
said about $5,000,000 in one bill he had
no doubt would go out upon a point of
order. Another gentleman on the Repub
lican side reminded the House that one
rotten egg would spoil an omelet, and
then said in one of those biiLs lie had dis
covered thirty-seven rotten eggs. Don't,
you think, Mr Chairman, we ought to have
taken time enough to hear that Republi
can gentleman expose those thirty-seven
rotten eggs in that appropriation bilL
(Laughter.)
"On the other side of the House it ana
been complained that some gentlemen on
this side, the gentleman from South Caro
lina, the gentleman from Michigan, tho
gentleman from Alabama, have been will
ing to accept some of the "pap," as it is
called, that is being distributed to baby
and "infant industries' in the United
States. Is it strange that when you say
you will railroad through this bill, which
is framed in the spcciil interest or those
who have "seen" the committee, those
who havo met the committee in private
and explained what they want, is it
strange that bring the settled policy which
you have forced upon this House. that these
Democrats should ?avti voir In your dis
tribution of plunder, im- it is to be
mode, our districts want th ir share.' (Ap
plause "It was Cicero who said 'Economy is
a great revenue ' Ten or firteen millions
could have been saved out of the $73,
000,000 appropriated if time had been
allowed to point out the thirty-seven rot
ten eggs mentioned by Mr. Pearson, and
the $5,000,000 that Mr. Cannon objected
to, but allowed to pass.
"There is another measure w? ought to
have been engaged upon today, one that

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